Probably, you often observed how a dog on a walk, left to itself, is not very active and shows with its full appearance that it is bored. If you are worried about this behavior of the dog, try to play games with dogs as often as possible. No less important are playing with a dog at home – so your pet is distracted from “wrecking” and socializes better.
Below you will learn about the right games with the dog, how to play with the dog at home and for a walk, and what role games play for humans and dogs.
If you play games with dogs for a walk, it will help to distract your pet from overly active communication with other dogs, relieve him of the habit of moving away from you, teach attentiveness and add a lot of interesting, interesting and enjoyable things to your relationship. If you know how to play with a dog, you can ensure its full development. Unfortunately, not all owners like to play with their pets or they do not know how to do it at all. Why? The reasons are different: one person doesn’t have enough time to play with a dog, others get tired quickly because of lack of physical fitness, some still have no idea how to play with a dog and why. Some people think that modern toys and expensive food are a sufficient expression of their love for a dog.
Practically every dog, especially a growing and developing puppy, loves to play. Most owners are confident that closer communication with the dog begins at an older age, when he will be able to more clearly express his desires, his individual character traits will be clearly manifested. This is not true!
How to learn to play with a puppy? First of all, it is necessary to understand how important the game communication with a dog is to him, and not to perform certain actions through force or automatically. Drop all prejudices and actively communicate with your pet, believe me, he will be very happy about it. The dog very sensitively feels your sincere attention and participation, receives strong positive emotions from it. As a result of active communication with the dog, you become omnipotent psychological strength for it, it compares itself with you and tries to resemble the owner in everything. For a dog, you become a role model, the first and only person who wants to please her. Together with you she really wants to feel the smartest, most attractive and beautiful. That is why the image of the ideal owner should be made up of your best qualities.
If you deprive the dog of the opportunity to play, it will certainly become shy, overly cautious, not inclined to reasonable leadership.
What does play in dog’s life mean? In various games, the dog plays different roles, models a large number of situations, learns and remembers everything that happens to it, thereby preparing for life. In some games, it is you who will approach the dog as a partner, in others it will need peers or older dogs.
It will be useful to attract members of your family to the games. In such a joint pastime, strong bonds between people and the dog are formed, which help the pet to join the family and the pack more quickly and to understand family relationships, giving it self-reliance.
Attention to the dog should be paid daily. If you communicate with your pet a little, do not play with it, do it reluctantly and not constantly, then you cannot count on intimacy and friendship with the animal.
Jogging The dog perceives it as a fun and active game. When jogging, overcoming various obstacles develops endurance, strength and dexterity of the dog, when the host changes the direction and pace of movement – the attention of the dog.
Classes with toys. Playing with them develops a dog, distracts it from unwanted activities, gives the necessary physical activity (for example, in the jaw, if chewing toys are used).
Frisbee. Excellent game for the development of speed, endurance, dexterity and attention of the dog.
Jumping and climbing. They require considerable physical effort, develop muscles, train dexterity and coordination of movements.
Games and tricks. Dogs with a normal psyche and well developed are physically ready to play at any time and do so with great pleasure. It can be independent games (with a toy, its tail), with other dogs (catching up, fights, pulling sticks, etc.). Such games have a big meaning: development of control over their actions and emotions, preparation for actions in various life situations, physical and psychological training of the body. In games, the dog has the opportunity to determine his rank, to understand and master the important rules of behavior, they lay the prerequisites for leadership or, conversely, for submission.
Remember that the need for games – one of the most important in the life of the dog. Without a game – one of the great ways to learn – it will be hard for you to raise an active and obedient dog. The dog will treat the owner with great understanding and attention, seeing in you a friend and partner in the games, she will definitely try to wait patiently for the next team. Play with your dog often and actively, at home and on the street, without forgetting, however, about reasonable physical and emotional stress.
What games to play with dogs
Below is a list of which games to play with dogs for the development of attention, dexterity, endurance and speed.
The dog perceives the most usual small jog as an active and fun game, and if you jump over various obstacles, climb and climb stairs, train balance (move along the boom), you also get good training.
You can run one after another for a long time, everything depends on your physical abilities, but we assure you: the dog will “run across” you, you will fall exhausted, and the dog will be ready to rush again and again.
You can use a wide variety of toys for dogs: plush, soft, interactive, educational and distracting. In the game, the dog will receive the necessary exercise, which is very important for its health. Chewable toys are good for teeth (keeping them clean).
If you want to find an interesting activity for your dog in your absence, provide it with the necessary number of interesting toys.
Teach the dog to distinguish between toys: a wand, a wheel, a bone, etc. Over time, many dogs will remember the names of their favorite toys and, at your request, will bring exactly what you call. This can also be achieved by special training: every time you throw a toy, ask the dog to bring it, always calling the object. In this case, in any case, do not punish the dog for failure – this is still a game.
This is a fairly popular type of dog game, based on its natural love of catching moving objects. If you want to actively play with your pet, buy a special flying disc (when purchasing, pay attention to the material: it should not harm the dog’s teeth). Disks weighing 130 g and 22 cm in diameter are suitable for adult dogs, smaller ones for puppies and small dogs.
Frisbee can be thrown quite far and accurately, playing with it is easy – you throw the disc, the dog catches it and brings it to you. This game contributes to the establishment of strong friendships between you, develops the natural qualities of the dog, teaches her to be attentive to the owner, strengthens mutual trust.
Put the dog near your foot. Take a disc in your hand and interest them in the dog. Various movements of the disc in sight of the pet should induce him to jump and strive to grab the frisbee. Continue this exercise, but in motion. Your task is to switch the attention of the dog exclusively to the disk. If the dog grabbed him, do not stop, release the frisbee and let the dog play with him, run.
After the dog learns to grab the disc, try to throw it up. Gradually increase the height and range of the throw, encouraging the dog when it managed to grab the frisbee. The dog must give you a disc with the command “Give!” (The training method is the same as with aportirovka).
"Jump over a stick or hoop"
These skills will be useful to the dog during walks, when she with the help of jumps will have to overcome small obstacles that occur on the way.
First, the height of the obstacle must not exceed the height of the dog at the withers so that it does not get injured when jumping.
When learning to jump over a stick, hold it in front of your dog in your left hand. In your right hand you should have a treat. Give the command "Barrier!" And, drawing the attention of the dog with a delicacy, make it take a jump. As soon as the dog jumps over the stick, encourage him with a delicacy and the word “Good!”.
The diameter of the hoop should slightly exceed the height of the dog at the withers. Before starting the class, let the dog familiarize himself with the subject, sniff it. The scheme of action is the same as when learning to jump over a stick.
Man plays with dog at home
Doing a bow will earn your dog the respect of others. What should a dog do? At your command "Bow!" He needs to press his front paws (up to the elbows) to the ground, and his hind legs – to straighten.
The dog must first be trained to perform the “Lie down!” Command.
Put the dog sideways in front of you. Take a treat, let it sniff the dog, then slowly lower your hand down between its front paws. If the dog reaches for its hand and sinks to its elbows, encourage. In order that the dog does not lay down completely, quickly place your hand under his stomach, not letting him fall.
Encourage the dog with a treat, stroking and exclaiming “Good!”.
Some dogs perform an improvised bow spontaneously, most often in the game. Usually they fall on their front paws, as if inviting you to take part to play, so you just have to catch this moment and give the command “Bow!” In time and encourage the dog.
Games With Dogs At Home And For A Walk
Probably, you often observed how a dog on a walk, left to itself, is not very active and shows with its full appearance that it is bored. If you are……
Another training option is as follows. When the dog stretches, it makes almost the same movements that need to be done with the “Bow!” Command. You only need to correct the dog’s position a little, supporting it with one hand under the belly, and with the other – pressing the front paws to the ground. Do not forget to encourage the dog for the right actions. You can train the dog to bow in the process of sipping it.
This technique will help the dog to overcome various obstacles, as well as provide him with sufficient physical activity. Not all dogs easily master the exercise, because the animal uses this method of movement in natural conditions very rarely and only when necessary. Before starting the training, the dog must learn to perform the “Lie down!” Command.
The first way to learn. Put the dog near your left foot, giving the command "Sit!". Wait about 30 seconds and use the “Lie down!” Command to lay the dog while simultaneously applying a gesture (a sharp movement of an outstretched arm down, palm to the ground). After the final styling, lower the right hand with the delicacy clamped in a fist almost to the ground. Let the dog smell the dainty, command “Crawl!” And move your arm forward parallel to the ground. Attempts to stand up stop the dog by pressing on the withers with your left hand, while repeating the command “Crawl!”. If the dog crawls, not lifting his chest from the ground, at least 30-40 cm, encourage him with a treat, stroking and exclaiming “Good!”, But let’s not get up. After that, make even half a meter creep. In the future, gradually increase the distance.
The second way to learn. Put the dog with the “Lie down!” Command on your left. Then lie on the right side next to her. With your left hand, hold the dog in the prone position, lightly pressing it on the withers and not letting it stand. Take a treat in your right hand, let your dog smell it, and after a few seconds, command “Crawl!” While simultaneously pulling the hand with the treat forward a little further than the dog’s front paws. The dog will try to get up, but you will prevent this by pressing your hands on the withers, forcing him to move to the delicacy lying down. Periodically repeat the command “Crawl!” And encourage the dog to move with an exclamation “Good!”. When the dog crawls about a meter, give him a treat, but only in the prone position. Do not forget that when crawling the dog gets tired quickly, so in the first classes it should creep no more than 1-1.5 m.
When you teach a dog to crawl near you, you can change the conditions for doing the exercise. Put the dog with the “Lie down!” Command, then place a piece of treat (or a favorite toy) a half to two meters away. Then go to the dog, give the command “Crawl!”, With your left hand holding the withers, and slightly push it forward. As soon as the dog crawls to treat, treat him. If you are using a toy, play the dog after the exercise.
If the dog refuses to crawl, turning over on his back, put it between his legs – this will prevent the dog from turning over. Take it by the collar, give the command “Crawl!” And slightly push.
Execution of this command is not only entertainment, but also has practical importance. It will be very useful to you in cases when you need to inspect the paws of a dog, rub them after a walk or handle claws.
Sit the dog with the Sit! Command. Repeat “Give me a paw!” Several times, gently pushing one of the front paws with your hand, then gently take the paw above your wrist and lift it slightly. After a short soak, say "Good!", Give a treat and release the paw. As a rule, after several such repetitions at the command “Give me a paw!” The dog will raise and stretch one of the paws. First, ask her to give the same paw, and when the dog firmly learns the command, complicate the exercise: “Another paw!”, “Give me the right!” Or “Give me the left!”.
If the dog gives the wrong paw, do not encourage it with a treat.
You can use another training option. Show the dog a piece of delicacy. Hold it in the palm of your hand and extend the hand to the dog. The dog will definitely try to get to the treat, carefully sniffing your hand and poking it in with its nose. Wait until she tries to get a treat with her paw, and immediately say “Give me a paw!”, Take a paw in your hand and hold it for a few seconds. After that, release the paw and encourage the dog.
Begin to train the dog to perform this trick from a sitting position. Take the treat in your right hand for the dog to see. Raise your hand above the dog’s head to such a height that he could not get a treat in a sitting position. As soon as the dog begins to tear off its front paws from the floor, support it with their left hand so that the dog does not lose balance, and give the command “Serve!”.
Hold the dog for a while in that position, encourage it. Over time, the dog will learn to keep balance without your help and confidently sit on its hind legs, holding the front in front of him. To facilitate the first exercises you can do them by sitting the dog in the corner of the room.
Give the dog a command "Lie!". When she lies down, lay the dog on its side with the help of hands or carrying away a treat. As soon as the dog lies on its side, give the command "Sleep!".
If the dog tries to move or stand, lay it down again and again give the command “Sleep!”. If the dog does not move for even a few seconds, encourage him with a delicacy and the word “Good!”. In the future, gradually increase the time the dog is lying on its side on command.
To learn this technique, use a treat. Pinch it between thumb and forefinger so that the dog can not take a treat, but only lick it. Slowly move your hand away from the dog and wait until it pulls along. Move your hand while repeating the “Circle!” Command. The dog should turn around, following the treat. At the end of the spread, encourage the dog with treats. In the future, minimize movement with your hand so that the dog makes a complete turn only as directed by your finger.
The right person plays a dog
Usually almost all dogs with great eagerness catch various goodies thrown up. The most important thing is to throw a treat in such a way that the dog can catch it exactly in the air, and not pick it up from the ground, otherwise the dog will get into the habit of eating from the floor. If the dog did not have time to catch the abandoned treat, do not allow him to pick up the command "No!". Encourage only delicacy caught on the fly. At the same time as throwing a treat, do not forget to give the command “Op!”.
When the dog learns to catch an abandoned treat, you can begin to train with the ball. After hitting the ball on the floor, at the moment when it flies up, quickly give the dog the command “Op!”, Then encourage it with the delicacy and the word “Good!”.
“We close the doors on command”
On the one hand, a very useful team, whose knowledge can be useful in some life situations, but on the other. It is good to close the door, but if a dog learns to open, and to a room where its presence is completely undesirable, you hardly need it.
In the first classes, leave the door ajar. Take in hand a treat, go to the door and call the dog with the command "Come to me!". Raise your hand with a delicacy to such a height that the dog, trying to get it, pushed the door with his paws. At the time of the push, give the command “Close the door!” And, if it is closed, encourage the dog with a treat. If you did not succeed in closing the door, repeat all the actions again, raising your hand higher and repeating the command. Further encourage the dog, increasing the distance from the closed door.
This exercise is suitable for small and decorative dogs. By the way, in the same way you can teach your pet to bark at the command "Voice!".
Raise your right hand with a dainty dog above his head, while asking "Will you?". Almost always the dog, wanting to get a treat, begins to worry, spin around or jump. As soon as the dog makes any sound (bark, zasklit, squeals), encourage it, at the same time repeating several times "Okay, then you will, you will.". Further exercise can be difficult. After the dog has given a voice, command “Serve!”, And when the dog sits on its hind legs, encourage it with a treat and say “Good!”.
To train a dog for this exercise, you will have to make a large book with cardboard sheets yourself. Place a delicacy between the sheets — thinly sliced cheese or sausage. Put the book on the floor, call the dog on the command “To me!”. Then open the first page, show the treat and with the words "Let’s read!" Allow the dog to take it. Wanting to get a treat, the dog will push the face under the sheet, at this moment encourage the dog with the words "Well, read, read!". Then, in turn, open all the pages with a treat and encourage your pet to do the right things. After a while the dog will learn to turn the pages on its own. In the future, put the treat no longer on every page, but after a few.
For its discovery, encourage the dog with a delicacy, the word "Good!", With a game. In the future, increase the throwing distance of the toy and the degree of its disguise, throw more toys. You can also practice a dog at home.
Prepare the toy in advance. Walk the dog with the team “To me!” During the walk.
Let me smell the toy. Distract the dog with anything and so that he does not see, throw the toy close to you. Attract the attention of the dog, calling it a nickname, give the command “Search!” And with it head towards the toy.
The dog plays with the ball: training aportirovke
Best of all is training to conduct when the dog is playing with the ball. This should be fun and easy for the puppy to be interested. As aportirovochny subjects it is possible to use not only balls, but also various toys sewed from strong fabric, "sausages", small wooden sticks.
Your task is to teach your puppy to run for an abandoned object at the command of “Aport!”, Take it and bring it, giving it to you at the command of “Give!”. This exercise disciplines a puppy, develops his attentiveness, agility and speed. In addition, the ability to bring the object will be useful in the future when teaching a growing dog to search the area and work on the trail.
You can start learning after the puppy has successfully mastered the skills of approaching the host using the “Ko Me!” Command and landing using the “Sit!” Command.
Practicing skill with a puppy. The first classes should be conducted in places without extraneous irritants. We take an aportirovochny subject, for example a ball, and we show it to the puppy (we move the ball in front of the dog with unsharp movements), inviting to play. At the same time give the command "Aport!". As soon as the puppy grabs the ball, we say the command “Good!” And carefully pull the ball to us, forcing the dog to hold on tight. Making sure that the puppy holds the ball securely, we let go of the toy and, after waiting a little, with the “Give!” Team we take it away.
In order for the puppy to give the ball each time without resistance, we offer him a snack at the same time as the Sit! Gradually we force the dog to keep the ball in the mouth longer and longer, we allow to move far away, we welcome the approach of the puppy.
When the puppy learns to confidently hold the ball, begin to train to take it from the ground. Attract the dog’s attention with a ball and when you first try to grab it, throw the toy on the ground while giving the command “Aport!”. As soon as the puppy grabs the ball, encourage him by stroking and exclaiming “Good!”. Encourage your puppy with a treat only after picking up the ball with the “Give!” Command. If the dog runs off to the side, call him a nickname and give the command “To me!”, Moving away to the side opposite to the puppy. These actions will force the dog to approach you.
Further work to strengthen the discipline of the puppy. Attach a short leash to the collar, at the command of "Aport!" Force to take the ball. Then, at the command “Near!”, Run 10-15 m with the puppy, then move on to the movement in steps and, after 8-10 steps, stop, at the command “Give!” Pick up the ball and encourage the puppy with a delicacy, stroking and exclaiming “Good! ". Gradually, the distance in steps and runs increases to 50-100 m.
Practicing skill with an adult dog. You can train an adult dog to feed an object by performing the actions described above, only with this, the dog should be near you on a short leash. Move the dog with the aportizing object to interest the dog and let him grab it while giving the command “Aport!”. After the dog grabs the object, encourage it by stroking and exclaiming “Good!”. In order to develop a strong and confident grip on the dog, hold the aportirovochny object at one end and slightly pull it towards you. If the dog does not want to hold the object, take her lower jaw with his hand, repeating the command “Aport!”. After giving the dog some time to hold an aportizing object, at the command “Give!” Take it away and encourage the dog with a delicacy, stroking and exclaiming “Good!”
If the dog does not want to take an aportizing object, calmly open its mouth and put an object into it, supporting the lower jaw. Simultaneously with these actions, say the command "Aport!", Which can be repeated several times. If the dog holds the item, encourage the pet with an exclamation of “Good!”. After 10-15s, with the command “Give!”, Take the aportizing object from the dog and encourage it with a treat, stroking and exclaiming “Good!”. After a few such activities, the dog usually begins to calmly take the object from his hands. Training an adult dog to lift an aportizer from the ground is carried out in the same way as when training a puppy. If the dog does it reluctantly or doesn’t take the apricot object at all, it can be pushed with the foot, attracting the attention of the dog.
When you have taught a dog to take an object from the hands and from the ground with the command “Aport!”, You can start learning how to aportirovka an object thrown a short distance. Clip a long leash to the collar, give the command “Sit!”. Remove the aportizing object, show it to the dog and after several circular movements with your hand with the object in front of the dog’s muzzle, throw it 5-7 m in front of you. After the throw, give the command “Aport!” And send the dog for the object with a gesture – with the hand extended in the direction of the aportizing object. As soon as the dog takes the item, call the pet to yourself with the team “To me!”. After the approach, carefully pick up the item with the command "Give!", Then encourage the dog with a treat, stroking and exclaiming "Good!". If the dog ignores you, starts playing with the object, call it a nickname, repeat the command “Come to me!” More loudly and, attracting the pet’s attention by quickly moving away from it in the opposite direction and with light tugs of the leash, make it come up.
In the future, begin to teach the dog to bring the object and sit in front of you. After the dog learns to bring up an aportizing object quickly and without errors, start practicing the shutter speed in a sitting position near you before sending for the abandoned object. Clip a long leash to the collar and, having given the command “Sit!”, Sit the dog next to you. Holding her leash, throw the object a few meters in front of you, stopping the dog’s possible attempts to run after the aportizing object with a jerk of the leash and repeating the “Sit!” Command. After a 5-10 second exposure, in the sitting position, giving the command "Aport!", Send the dog for the subject. Run up the dog sit in front of a team "Sit!", Keeping it in this position for 5-10 s, then pick up the item by the command "Give!" And encourage the dog with a treat, stroking and exclaiming "Good!".
As the dog learns the skill, gradually increase the holding time in the sitting position after throwing the object and after approaching you. In order to keep the dog interested in picking, periodically change objects, throw them in high grass, under bushes, etc.
Possible errors: you allow the dog to play with an aportiment object, as a result of which the clarity of the exercise is reduced and the discipline worsens; prematurely train the dog to deliver the object from a long distance, which makes it difficult to carry out the “Aport!” command and especially the approach with the object by the “To me!” command; show the dog a treat at the time of its approach with an aportirovochny subject, because of which the dog can throw the object prematurely; incorrectly picking up aportirovochny objects (heavy, too small or large, etc.); hurt the dog by pressing too hard on the lower jaw; giving a command too loud, rude handling a dog.