How to teach a dog to be transported in a car?
Teaching a dog to the car
It is very important to teach the dog to ride safely in the car, so that you can comfortably ride all together on a journey, or just take a walk to the park or the forest, or, if necessary, go to the vet or to a dog show.
Begin to teach your puppy to the car from the very young years, as soon as he appeared in your house. The sooner you start, the better, the less you will have problems in the future, the faster and easier the dog will get used to the car. Puppy is much easier to teach to travel than an adult dog.
All of the following actions should not be performed at once. Each next stage is performed only after fixing the previous one.
1. First, let the dog sniff the car, get used to its look and smell.
Important! Never force a dog into a car. By such actions you can discourage her from entering the car for a long time and teach her to be afraid of the car.
2. Let the salon doors open. Give your dog the opportunity to become interested in car interior. Put her favorite toys and treats in the back seat and on the floor.
3. Let her in the car. Let her toys and dainty lie there. Stroke the dog and calm your voice. Do not keep her there for long.
4. Now you can try to start the engine. It is better to have someone with a dog in the back seat holding it, stroking and soothing his voice.
5. Feed the dog inside the car with the doors closed.
6. Now you can take a short trip of 5-10 minutes.
Important! Do not feed the dog before the trip, so that it is not sick.
7. Gradually increase the distance and duration of travel.
Important! If the dog is nervous, stop the car and let it warm up and calm down. Signs of anxiety: rapid breathing and dilated pupils, whining, does not find a place for himself, rushes about through the cabin, saliva flows.
At first, it is advisable to drive three people in a car so that the puppy does not feel abandoned, doesn’t pick it up, or jump out of the car without any control.
1. When training, follow the rule of gradualism and consistency. Do not make long trips at once and in schooling do not jump to the next stage without completing the previous one.
2. The first trips in any case should not be associated with something unpleasant (visiting the vet, for example). When learning, only pleasant associations should be associated with the trip – a walk in the woods, a park, a trip to the cottage, to friends.
3. So that your pet will not be bored while traveling – take his toys with you.
4. Remove the flavors from the car. They can irritate the animal and cause motion sickness.
Signs of motion sickness – depressed, excessive salivation, vomiting.
5. If the dog rests and does not want to get into the salon – attract her attention with a treat and feed a piece for each advance to the car and for the entry of the salon.
6. To prevent the dog from swaying on the road, teach it to the car every day for 15 minutes.
What should train the dog for a safe ride in the car
1. I recommend teaching the dog to get in and out of the car on command. This will give you the opportunity not to worry that the dog will jump out of the open door of the car, teach it to sit or lie with the door open and wait for your team. Consequently, it will reduce the number of accidents and getting the animal under the wheels.
2. It is necessary to teach the dog to be alone in the car, just as you teach it to be alone at home, gradually increasing the time of your absence and encouraging good behavior. But do not leave it there for a long time and leave the window slightly ajar.
3. Be sure to teach the dog to a particular place in the car so that it does not interfere with you while driving and do not climb onto your hands or caress and lick to the driver. It is strictly forbidden for a dog to climb to the driver, because this can create an emergency on the road.
4. Encourage your dog to ride in the backseat in the back rather than on the floor — this can be dangerous.
5. If you want to carry a dog in the front seat – transport it on the floor in the passenger seat.
Safety recommendations for transporting the animal in the car
1. It is not recommended to leave the dog alone in a closed cabin. Slightly open the window a little so that it cannot get out of it. At the same time, air circulation will remain, and this will not allow your pet to suffocate.
2. Do not leave the dog alone in the cabin for a long time. She can nibble you salon if she gets bored and wants to get out of the car.
3. Try not to park the car in the sun, it can lead to overheating of the body and heat stroke, which is characterized by frequent, erratic, noisy breathing. At the same time, mucous membranes and the tongue turn red, and the saliva becomes thick and viscous, and vomiting, dizziness, staggering gait, and bloody diarrhea can also be observed. When air temperature approaches body temperature, cooling due to rapid breathing becomes ineffective.
4. Do not leave the dog inside the car in a muzzle. With rapid breathing with an open mouth, up to 90% of the fluid contained in the body can evaporate from the dog’s tongue.
5. Drive the car smoothly, without sudden braking, otherwise the animal may fall and be injured, or it may rock.
6. Do not give your dog the opportunity to stick his head out of the window when the car moves. This can lead to an emergency situation (for example, it can jump out, seeing a dog or a cat, or from stress) or illness (it can chill the ears and eyes, which may be the cause of otitis or conjunctivitis).
7. Do not turn the air conditioner on "full" – the animal may catch a cold.
8. Leave only one window open to prevent drafts from causing an animal to catch a cold.
8. If your dog is not trained to get out of the car correctly – gently open the car door, holding the dog on a leash so that it does not jump out onto the roadway.
9. Do not let go of the dog during walking on the road without a leash. The dog may behave inadequately due to stress from the car, a long road, a change of place – and can run away from you.
Recommendations to motorists
1. Unfortunately, animals are very often lost on the road. To prevent this from happening – teach the dog not to run out of the car without a command. I also recommend hanging on the collar a medallion with the address and your coordinates. Or chipping an animal.
2. Do not feed the animal before riding. Nothing bad will happen if your pet is hungry for several hours or even a day, but you will protect yourself from trouble on the road.
3. I recommend to exclude difficult to digest food, such as bones and pieces of meat, so that there is no heaviness in the stomach or vomiting.
4. It is better to feed the animal a couple of hours before the trip so that there is no strong salivation. Be sure to take water with you on the road.
5. It is necessary to walk the dog with high quality before the trip, because the trip may be long or it will not be possible to stop frequently on the way.
6. It is advisable to stop every hour or two for 15 minutes so that the animal does its work and stretches a little.
7. I recommend to go on a journey early in the morning or in the evening when it is not so hot.
8. I recommend to remove the flavors from the car, as the animals have a sensitive sense of smell.
9. Birds, small animals, puppies, ferrets, rabbits and cats should be caged or held in the hands of the passenger.
1. Carry the dog in the front seat in the driver’s arms or in the legs. This can lead to an accident, because the animal may interfere with the driver, for example, by starting to lick it, blocking the view and distracting; crawl under the steering wheel or pedals, etc.
2. Let the animal run uncontrollably through the cabin while driving. The animal may unpredictably behave, thereby creating an emergency.
What you need to have on the road?
2. Bowls for water and for food
3. Food, preferably the one to which the animal is accustomed in everyday life.
4. A treat for relieving stress in order to distract the animal from changing places.
5. Toys, to relieve stress, so that the dog nibbled them, not your salon.
7. Towel or cloth to wipe the dog
8. Duster to wipe drool
9. Package for emetic and fecal masses.
10. First aid kit
11. Sedatives (be sure to consult with a veterinarian)
12. Preparations for motion sickness, because animals are also susceptible to sea-sickness (consult a veterinarian)
Known and most common cases of life
1. If the animal moves freely in the cabin of the car, it can climb under the pedal to the driver, who can step on the animal.
2. Under heavy braking, the animal can fall and damage the limbs. Use special accessories to transport the animal in the car.
3. The dog may bite the driver, frightened or, if the driver accidentally hurt her, as a result – the driver will lose control.
4. A cat may, from fright at a loud sound or from the light of headlights, clutch claws at someone, therefore it is better to transport them in special boxes.
5. When the window is very open, the animal may fall out of it or jump out. As a result, it can escape, or get under the wheels, or catch a cold.
6. Very often animals die of suffocation if they are left alone in the cabin with a window completely closed.
7. If the dog is not trained to get out of the car correctly – it can run out onto the roadway with the car door open and get under the car or run away.
8. In European countries, your car can open, if the animal is there alone. At best, you will have to pay a fine.
Senior dog training instructor KC "Gilda", an expert in working qualities