Assembling a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor four
Blades are installed on a rotary or rotary plow, and if you compare such a unit with the others, then, from a constructive point of view, it is very different. Sometimes it is compared to cultivators.
There are several plowshares in the design, which are specially given a curved shape. They are mounted on a common axis, it is set in motion when the equipment is turned on, then it turns the soil over. It is this feature that distinguishes the rotary plow from the cultivator.
Working depth of the field. up to 300 millimeters.
Even a novice operator can easily work with such attachments. The walk-behind tractor easily moves along a given trajectory, it may not necessarily be straight, as in other cases. Summer residents most often use a rotary view when processing a garden and territory from grass.
All about plows for motoblocks
The plow has long been widely used as a means of preparing land for planting; over time, it was possible to modernize it and even use it as an additional attachment for agricultural machinery.
Dump and dump
Among the varieties of plows there are non-moldboard and moldboard plows. The latter are more popular as a means of cultivating a small plot of land.
They have their own classification:
- without furrows;
- plowing smoothly.
I’m BUILDING CULTIVATOR for tractor
Those products that do not leave furrows are used in situations where the land needs to be processed in a dump; for the opposite effect, a plow is used, after which furrows remain.
On the dump structure, the share is at a special angle of inclination, so the earth layer does not just turn over. the earth becomes loose.
Such a device is best used in areas where there is not a lot of precipitation, but there is erosion on the soil.
Single-body and double-body
Single-furrow plowshares are ideal only for soft ground, their design does not have more than one share. The advantage of such equipment is that it is easy to assemble, it has a low weight.
The two-furrow plow is suitable for working on any soil, as long as there are no stones. With the help of such attachments, you can create furrows, huddle plants, clean the area from weeds.
It is desirable that the walk-behind tractor, on which the equipment is planned to be installed, demonstrates a strength of up to 3-5 horses.
The width of capture can be adjustable or fixed on such equipment.
If the plow is made independently, then after all the elements are available, they must be correctly assembled into a single structure. The ploughshare will need to be placed on an additional sheet using wedges with an angle of 25 and 42 degrees. The element must be welded, but they do it pointwise and necessarily on both sides.
The side flap is attached to the ploughshare so that it is located in the vertical plane, but protrudes by 7 millimeters. In turn, the shield must be 8 millimeters higher than the share blade. if this requirement is not met, then the plow will not be able to fulfill the task assigned to it. The shield is also welded. The blade is attached to the share, and this must be done in such a way that there is not even a minimum gap.
If it is found that there is no compliance with the required parameters, then the blade should be brought to the required position with a hammer.
Only then do they work again with welding and attach the shield from the side to the spacer bar and the plate at the base. With the help of a chisel, an additional sheet is separated, the seams are polished with high quality.
When the user chooses the type of plow that he is going to use, he should take into account not only the type of soil, but also take into account the peculiarities of the task that has to be solved. The power of the walk-behind tractor and its dimensions also matter. The model, named after the underground animal, “Mole”, refers to the single-body version of the plow. The total weight of the structure is 8.5 kg, the depth of soil processing is 200 millimeters.
Such attachments can be used with the following types of walk-behind tractors:
- “Oka” and so on.
Average. The single-hull “P1–20 / 2” can sink into the ground to the same depth. The weight of the structure is the same, but more. Suitable for most of those motoblocks that are listed above.
“P1-20 / 3” reaches the price of 1,500 rubles. Its weight is more than that of previous models and is 13 kg, the maximum immersion depth in the soil is 250 mm.
Best used with “Belarus”, “Agros” walk-behind tractors.
The single-body plow “Salyut” has a very small weight, for such a product it is 8 kg, it can penetrate into the ground by 200 mm, but despite this, its cost is on average 1.5 thousand rubles.
The plow of Zykov weighs a little more, in general per kilogram, it has an indicator of immersion in the ground up to 25 cm. Used on Salute, Oka and similar techniques.
The weight of the reversible plow for the GS 81, 101 motoblocks is 12-18 kilograms, while the maximum that it can penetrate into the ground is 25 cm. A double-turn one will cost more to the consumer: it is estimated by manufacturers from 4 thousand rubles, with a weight of 15 kilograms and a plowing depth of 20 cm.
The heaviest and most expensive is the rotary plow. It is quite difficult to lift and install it for one person, since its weight is 40 kg, but these inconveniences are compensated by the increased immersion depth, which is 300 mm. The cost of such a product is from 70 thousand rubles.
All the described plows are made of metal, the horse plow can be partially wooden, it has only a metal plowshare. It is used no less often, sometimes it is hung on a swing-over walk-behind tractor or with a skimmer.
A plow for a walk-behind tractor is an irreplaceable device, in the design of which there are three planes. One is dump and is located in front, the second is horizontal and the third is vertical. If you remove it and put it on the table, leaning one part against the wall, then the horizontal will coincide with the surface of the table, and the vertical will coincide with the walls.
It is very important to take into account the dimensions of the lower incisal edge, which is 10–20 millimeters from the horizontal plane. For a good product, the incisal edge on the left is in line with the same edge of the blade.
The projection distance of both is 1 cm from the end of the vertical surface. There should be no gap between the share and the blade, and they themselves should sparkle from polishing.
When the work on using the plow is completed, it must be cleaned. Remove the soil and lubricate with oil. This is the only way to protect the metal surface from corrosion. Special attention should be paid to the height of the plow rack and, in general, the dimensions, since the quality of the work done depends on them. The back side of the share must be flat, and an angle of 20 degrees is observed between it and the installation surface.
How to install and adjust?
It does not matter which plow is used with the equipment. this attachment must be attached using a special attachment.
It can be of two types:
The first option is better considered in more detail, since it allows you to configure the device as needed.
Hitch is carried out in accordance with the following sequence.
- First, you need to put the unit on a hill. it can be just bricks or logs.
- A hitch is applied to the towbar in such a way that the holes coincide completely.
- Using a bolt, the clutch is fixed, but it is not necessary to tighten the threads too much, since the increased rigidity will cause poorly performed work. If excessive resistance is created during the operation of the attachment, the plow begins to throw from side to side. This is why a small gap is required.
Can be attached to the rear adapter if available.
Even a beginner will not be difficult to fix the plow.
The adjustment process can also be divided into several stages:
- determination of the required depth to which the plow will sink into the ground;
- adjustment of the angle of inclination of the field board;
- blade angle adjustment.
Not every operator knows how much the plow is best to sink into the ground. In fact, this value should be equal to the height of the metal part of the bayonet-shovel. If it is too small, then all roots and weeds will remain in the ground; will be too large. the infertile layer of earth will mix with the fertile.
Set up using three bolts that are located at the junction of the plow post and the lock. Raise the attachment or lower it. the operator decides.
A screw handle is used to adjust the incline level of the board. The technique is again raised on bricks or logs, the handles will need to be turned out so much that the field board is on the ground. The handle is turned in the opposite direction until the board is above the ground at a distance of three centimeters. If this indicator is made too large, then the plow will constantly cling to the ground, so the walk-behind tractor starts to slip.
If you do not do it right and set the parameter to the minimum, then the technique will not be able to process the required layer.
When performing work on adjusting the blade angle, the equipment is placed on the edge of the area that needs to be processed. The first starting furrow is made to understand what depth is present and if it is suitable. The operator must walk straight; if there is no experience, then a stretched rope will help. The wheel is set in the track made, and the plow is set perpendicular to the ground surface. If you have a square at hand, you should definitely use it.
DIY cultivator: drawing up a diagram and a list of the necessary equipment
How to make a cultivator with your own hands? The first stage, requiring detailed study and study, is the drawing up of a schematic diagram of the future device and a description of all stages of its assembly. To implement this part of the construction, it is required to draw up detailed drawings of the device, which should indicate all the dimensions and ratios of structural elements.
This can be done both with the help of special computer programs, which allows you to visually display the visual model, in addition, set all the necessary parameters for it, or use the traditional method. It consists in drawing drawings of all parts on graph paper, on which it is also necessary to indicate all other parameters and aspect ratios. Each of these options is able to fully convey all the necessary information that is required in order to quickly and easily create a homemade cultivator for a walk-behind tractor.
After carrying out work aimed at creating a visual image of the future device, we proceed to collecting the necessary tools. The list of equipment that will be needed to carry out the work looks quite impressive and requires its full compliance. Otherwise, the lack of any tool is fraught with delays in work and the impossibility of performing one or another unit of the device. Therefore, it is extremely important to prepare in advance all the necessary tools and parts, which will not only significantly save time, but also perform the entire sequence of work most efficiently. As for the list of necessary equipment itself, it looks like this and in the best possible way emphasizes all the differently planned work and their importance. So, a homemade cultivator and its creation requires the following tools:
- welding machine;
- a set of keys;
- scissors for metal;
- screwdriwer set;
The above tools will allow you to create a device with optimal performance and do it in the shortest possible time. A separate point must be said about the methods of fastening parts to each other. Today there are only two of them. Metal bolts and welding are both completely reliable techniques for securing metal parts. However, it is better to assemble a home-made cultivator for a walk-behind tractor using bolts, because due to the constant vibration that will accompany the operation of the device, the welds can quickly become unusable. The most critical parts of the structure should be fixed with bolts, while the auxiliary parts of the system may well be connected by welding.
How to make a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands
- 1 The principle of operation of the cultivator and its main advantages
- 2 The main stages of creating a cultivator and the importance of their indispensable observance
- 3 Do-it-yourself cultivator: drawing up a diagram and a list of the necessary equipment
- 4 The final stage of creating the device. assembling the cultivator
- 5 Conclusion
The principle of operation of the cultivator and its main advantages
Each of us has at least once seen a cultivator attached to a tractor and allowing better cultivation of the fields. The design of the cultivator has hardly changed since its inception. If you compare it with any other device, then it is a few small plows connected to each other.
Such a structure of this device allows processing only the top layer of soil, which is the most fertile. As a result, the plots exposed to the cultivator become the most convenient and are characterized by optimal yields. This fact is due to the fact that the top layer of the earth, consisting entirely of black soil, does not mix with other soil rocks and retains its qualities.
Thus, the practicality and efficiency of the cultivator served as the impetus for its widespread popularity. It has become popular with both farmers and amateur gardeners. The list of actions that can be performed using this device is truly amazing, since it forms an almost complete agricultural cycle. This list of the cultivator’s functionality looks like this:
- plowing the soil;
- weed control;
- loosening the soil;
- leveling the landscape;
- mineral fertilization.
The use of such a device can replace many garden tools and other household equipment. However, not everyone can use the services of a tractor or purchase this unit for personal use. In such conditions, some remain supporters of traditional methods of tillage, while others try to design a cultivator on their own. It should be borne in mind that it is not so difficult to make a home-made cultivator for a walk-behind tractor. The only difficulty that may arise in the implementation of such a solution is the concept of the principle of operation of the device and the availability of practical skills to work with it. It is these qualities that are key and allow you to create the most functional and practical device that can fully process the site and save energy for its owner.
The final stage of creating the device is the assembly of the cultivator
How to assemble an inter-row cultivator?
The arrangement of all parts and their connection to each other is the final stage in the creation of the device, since its functionality depends to the greatest extent on the accuracy and correctness of these procedures.
What can we say, many garden cultivators and walk-behind tractors assembled with their own hands do not have the best parameters. In most cases, the fault in such a situation is not at all the quality of the selected materials, although this criterion is also very important, but the improper assembly of the fixture. Therefore, every detail, trifle and step must be clearly verified, since this is the only way to achieve the desired result and get the device that is optimal in its characteristics.
The principle of connecting the parts is quite simple and consists in fixing to a frame, on which several movable sections are sequentially fixed. It is they who will act as plows and form our inter-row cultivator. In this case, the frame is fixed to the walk-behind tractor with bolts, and all other cross-members and corner elements are welded to it. In the role of the plows themselves, which are fixed in the grooves of the movable carts, absolutely any metal structures can act. Their main criterion is a pointed shape and relatively small dimensions. The moving elements themselves are fixed to the frame with bolts that allow you to adjust the distance of the plows from each other and guarantee their reliable fixation.
The BCS and FOUR main implements for market farms
The main stages of creating a cultivator and the importance of their indispensable observance
How to assemble a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands? This lesson is quite simple for those who have the skills to work with similar devices and understand their design. To further simplify the work, there is a certain structure, implying a breakdown of the entire process into certain stages, different in their purpose and functional performance. These subsections look as follows and characterize the entire procedure for creating a device in the best possible way:
- drawing up a plan for the future device;
- collection of the necessary tools;
- assembly of the device.
A home-made cultivator, assembled in accordance with these criteria, will have the best qualities and will become an indispensable assistant both in the summer cottage and in your own garden.
At the same time, a self-made device will be convenient and practical, since in the process of assembling all the parameters and design features should be performed based on your own anthropometric data, in addition, based on your own preferences and desires.
Various garden automated devices have firmly entered our life, greatly simplifying the land work and making them more comfortable. In such conditions, cultivators and walk-behind tractors are by no means the last.
In addition, the creation of similar devices with your own hands will not only allow you to make a practical and reliable device, but also save a significant part of material resources. Installation of a manual cultivator requires detailed study and strict adherence to all stages of construction, since this is the only way to achieve the desired result and get the optimal device.
The name of the equipment speaks for itself, it is a design that helps to huddle plants. In addition to adding soil under the seedlings, the hiller forms furrows and even covers them with the seeds. There are different types of hillers.
- Lister. the simplest model with two fixed wings and constant soil grasping width, creates a row spacing of 20-30 cm. It is clear that such a device does not regulate the working width, so you will have to be content with the row spacing that the hiller is capable of. Lister equipment is hung on lightweight types of equipment.
- The variable width furrower has movable wings and is adjustable so that the row spacing can be changed as desired. Such a nozzle is used on equipment that has a power of at least four horsepower. Unfortunately, this is an energy-intensive work, since part of the earth from the formed bumps is poured back into the holes.
- The disc hiller is more thought out. It is easy, efficient to work with it and the developed ridges turn out to be much higher. When buying a hiller, it is worth choosing thick, large-sized disks made of alloy steel. Such a purchase will cost more than similar models, but after it it is difficult to switch to other equipment.
- In terms of quality, the Dutch-type hiller is inferior to the disk hiller, but surpasses the usual one in that its wings are able to move up and to the sides when cornering. The design allows you not to do unnecessary work and reduces the energy consumption of hilling.
- Propeller (active) is not inferior in quality to disk. Its principle of operation is different: with the help of blades, it crushes the soil together with weeds and makes loosened mounds.
DIY tool for walk-behind tractor. DIY for walk-behind tractor: DIY tools, creeper and mulcher for Sadko, wheels for cultivator and topper
It is universal and suitable for installation on domestic and imported walk-behind tractors of any power and weight. With a sturdy frame, the Krutets is able to withstand any weather conditions, so it is suitable for all seasons. Such equipment can be used to transport goods, go hunting and fishing.
Bed former-film layer
With the help of such equipment, a film is laid out with sowing seeds. The technique forms a ridge on the soil already prepared by cutters. At the same time, the film is laid, its edges are sealed and the film material is pierced for sowing and plant growth. This planting method will help to retain moisture in the soil in the future and will negatively affect the growth of the weed, which will not easily get along under the film. Most often, the bed former is used for planting strawberries and strawberries.
Various models have their own equipment, differ in parameters and characteristics. The speed of the unit is set by the number of gears. The normal working speed is 4 km / h. Three-speed products have a speed of 15 km / h. There are six-speed options available that can double the speed.
The device is supplied with a high quality reliable motor. Modern models are equipped with a four-stroke engine. Air cooling is usually used. The engine is started with a recoil starter. powerful models have a battery, electric starter.
The transmission of the apparatus is of great importance. Reducers are very diverse, chain, belt gear drives are used. It is better to choose a collapsible gearbox, because the failure of a maintenance-free gearbox will require changing the entire unit.
The device provides the ability to maneuver. Maneuvering the device assumes the presence of a mechanism for disabling one wheel. There are options for equipping with a differential. Attachments, working bodies, trailed mechanisms are connected to the power take-off shaft. Dependent devices are connected by a clutch. Independent ones are driven directly by the motor.
Modifications often allow for wheel distance adjustment. Achieve better wheel grip allows the large mass of the device, which can be easily achieved by installing a special ballast.
Motoblocks are offered complete with some attachment options. The cutters are usually provided immediately. It is put on instead of wheels, a number of models provide for joint use. The milling cutter allows you to plow the soil. Too soft soil forces the cutter to dig in, so it is preferable to use section models that provide good flotation.
Independent manufacture of attachments
The walk-behind tractor is useful, functional, equipped with many attachments. The mechanism is able to huddle potatoes, remove snow, prepare firewood. But even advanced advanced device modifications are equipped with a limited number of attachments. At the same time, it is relatively easy to carry out attachments for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands in order to use the technique most productively.
Planting potatoes will be much easier with a potato planter, which is easy to do on your own. Low power models have proven themselves well. The planter will pave the furrow by itself, throw the potato tubers, cover the potatoes with soil.
Important! The device can also be used for planting other vegetables.
To manufacture the device, you need:
The potato planter is used on cultivated soil. The potatoes are planted evenly, which ensures an excellent harvest. It is impossible to make a device for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands without appropriate schemes. Drawings on paper are required for product execution. The frame is the basis, which is welded from channels. The bunker of the required volume is easy to perform.