Chain saw or saber saw which is better

How the chain saw works

The saw is a useful tool in the household, which is often used when cutting branches in the garden, sawing wood and carpentry.

Compact and easy-to-use tool does not require knowledge and skills in handling a gasoline engine

Initially, hand-held chainsaw models were quite bulky and heavy. Unsurprisingly, the introduction of electric chainsaws to the market has been enthusiastically received by the majority of consumers.

In addition to ease of use, a significant advantage of the power tool is that it is environmentally friendly, since it does not emit exhaust gases during operation.

This is especially true when cutting materials in confined spaces.

The main structural elements of the chain saw are:

  • electric motor in the housing;
  • guide rails;
  • chain;
  • oil pump with oil reservoir.

When the unit is turned on, the motor generates a rotary motion, which is transmitted to the sprocket by means of a bevel gear or direct drive. The sprocket placed in the common plane with the chain begins to rotate it, thanks to which the cutting blade easily cuts wood.

Recently, many manufacturers are equipping models with a centrifugal clutch, thereby preventing damage to the electric motor and saw gearbox during a loop.

Electric models of chain saws are famous for their long service life, which is achieved due to constant lubrication of movable elements during operation.

The chain oil in a special container is pumped by a pump onto the tire, from which it spreads through the chain along the sprockets and the cutting blade. Many models have a function for adjusting the intensity of lubrication, which allows you to work with materials of different hardness.

The volume of the container is on average 120-200 ml. This volume is enough for 2 hours of continuous work. The operator’s task is to control the oil level in the tank, otherwise, working “dry” the motor will quickly overheat and the tool will fail.

To facilitate the task of controlling the volume of liquid, manufacturers make transparent inserts in the case or provide for a special probe.

Chainsaw manufacturers

But the main thing when choosing a chain saw is the built-in reliability parameters. In this matter, you need to focus on the manufacturer of the power tool. The most trusted by the craftsmen are Makita, Bosh, De Walt, Aeg, Metalbo and Black Decker. The brand of these manufacturers is better than any advice when choosing.

If it is impossible to find a tool of these manufacturers on sale, then you can purchase Chinese models in which the data of the specified parameters do not contradict each other.

Parameter # 2. chain tension control

Low-profile chains are used in the manufacture of saws. Although they have lower performance, they are good in that they subject the tool to less vibration, making it safer to use.

The correct tension affects performance and safety of work, therefore, during operation, the saw chain must be re-tightened quite often.

On sale there are models in two versions of chain tension:

  • Classic. to tension the chain, the fastening bars are loosened and gently pushed with a flat screwdriver. This is a rather painstaking method, time-consuming and requires the availability of the necessary tools at hand.
  • Simplified. chain tension is achieved by loosening the nut and displacing the bar with a slider.

The saw unit in modern models is lubricated by an oil pump automatically. The pump is activated at the same time as the saw is turned on. This greatly simplifies the maintenance of the unit. The drank owner’s job is to control the oil level and add it as needed.

The presence of a lever on the side panel allows you to easily adjust the tension, the system is convenient in that it does not require the use of special tools

Circular Saw

The hand-held circular saw is equipped with a 0.8. 2.5 kW drive. They differ in cutting depth. Conventional saws of low power have a cut up to 65 mm, and professional saws up to 130 mm. The diameter of the cutting blade is selected according to the drive power, avoiding overload conditions.

The collector motors serve as an electric drive, which requires monitoring the state of the current-carrying brushes. Some examples of these saws are equipped with an automatic brush control circuit.

Circular saws are used mainly for breaking up timber into boards or for further breaking up boards into beams, planks, etc. Prolonged work with a circular saw is carried out using an additional bed to which it is attached. Turning into a stationary tool, it is able to handle large volumes.

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Depending on the bed used, you can change the angle of inclination of the cut, which is very convenient when making blanks for special shapes.

The circular saw is easy to use, but requires great attention and full compliance with safety measures.

Chain Saw

This is the most common type of saw. It is very practical and versatile. In the hands of a master, she is capable of doing a lot outside of the main function.

The design of the chain, its length and chain pitch depend on the drive power. Chains are distinguished according to the pitch between the cutting teeth. The step is considered to be in inches. The minimum pitch of the saw teeth is 0.325 inches. This is the lightest chain to load. The wider the pitch, the more powerful the drive must be. Average pitch 0.375 “and widest pitch for power saws 0.404”.

The length of the bar also depends on the power of the saw. the length of the cutting part. Practical bar length 350. 400 cm.Longer bars are used on saws with powerful motors, but these are very rare.

The rules for servicing a chain saw are not much different from servicing a gasoline saw. The electric saw has the same lubrication system from a special container, chain tension and a brake. The same regulation and blocking system. Only thermal blocking is added, which protects the engine from overheating.

The chain saw is very convenient for the suburban area.

Lightweight reciprocating saw for summer cottages and home construction

chain, saber, which, better

One of the first saws invented by man was the bow saw. It was made with our own hands, it was easy to set up, and was available to everyone. There would be canvases. One inconvenience. you need to hold it with both hands.

lightweight reciprocating cordless saw for wood

Then a hacksaw was invented, which was easily held with one hand. And the other hand held the piece of wood to be processed.

So that the working hand does not get tired, a saber saw came to replace the hacksaw. For giving. just an irreplaceable option.

And cut off branches from trees, and cut firewood, and carpentry work on the site can be done without getting tired.

In fact, a reciprocating saw is a jigsaw, only the hacksaw blade comes out from the end, like a chuck in an electric drill. It is much safer to work with than a chain saw, and cuts can be made as accurately and precisely as a circular saw.

saw for your summer cottage

If all construction work has already been completed at the dacha, then you can immediately discard the options for a circular saw and a saber saw. For small, short-term tree care jobs, for minor repairs, a hand chain saw is fine.

A chain saw will help you cut firewood of the required length, cut unnecessary branches on fruit or ornamental trees and simply replace a laborious hacksaw on the farm.

For a summer residence, a chain saw is an option. you can’t imagine better for woodwork. Correctly matched power-to-pitch ratio for long and reliable operation.

If you do not have a cordless saw, then at a summer cottage of any format it is easy to provide a supply voltage. An elementary electrical extension cord will create comfortable work in the most remote and inconvenient cottage areas.

After winter storage of the saw in the country. do not forget to dry the condensation accumulated in it. This saves you the hassle of finding a saw repairman.

How to choose a chain saw: tips for choosing an electric saw

The chain saw is widely popular among country farm owners. Although she is not able to fully replace her “sister” with an internal combustion engine, but for small-scale sawmills there is no better option.

The tool is easy to use: to get started, you just need to connect it to the network.

How to choose a chain saw that has a sufficient set of functions, but at the same time does not overpay too much? In order to make a competent choice, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors, the main of which we will consider in the article.


Saws with a 1.5-2 kW motor are suitable for heavy use. No material restrictions, no extra effort required. everything is easy and effortless to cut.

When carrying out repair work at home, regularly harvesting firewood and periodic processing of metal and stone, a power of 600-1000 W is suitable.

a saw for giving can have a 400-500 W motor. This is quite enough for pruning trees, organizing a barbecue or minor repairs of wooden products.

How to choose one universal model from a variety of models?

First you need to decide on the application:

  • If you have to build a bathhouse or a country house. you need a heavy saw with the ability to hold long blades, and designed for long-term work.
  • For small carpentry crafts, a universal lightweight option is suitable, the same saw can be used for trimming a garden or preparing small firewood for a fireplace or barbecue.
  • If you do carpentry, you need a saw that can make straight cuts without burrs, such as an alligator type with two opposing blades.
  • For permanent work on metal, you need a powerful specimen with good cooling.
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First of all, we will deal with the varieties of saber saws.
In terms of energy supply, the saws are divided into:

saw for giving

Inexpensive, has one or two modes and relative versatility. This means that the manufacturer has provided for a change of blades for any materials. wood, stone, metal, but it will not be possible to get a high-quality cut. There are a minimum of settings. as a rule, only the speed of work.

The reciprocating chain saw is lighter in weight and is optimal for garden and summer cottages

Of course, I want to have a full set of saws at home. chain, saber, circular and jigsaw. There would only be enough money for such an assortment. However, experience shows that having acquired some skills, with the help of one universal reciprocating saw, you can perform the vast majority of work.

Flat nozzle stops have a jigsaw mode. The saw moves strictly perpendicular to the surface, making the correct shape cut.

Guides for working with cylindrical workpieces will help you to cut the pipe perfectly evenly, no worse than a machine.

The versatile, powerful saw with a long blade can easily cut firewood instead of a chain saw. At the same time, the operation of the saw is much safer.
Well, pruning trees in the garden is available only with the saber option. And if the saw is rechargeable, you will not entangle the power cord on tree trunks.

What is a saw for??

The application is practically unlimited. Using a variety of blades. you can cut firewood, carefully cut a blank for a window frame, cut out an old door frame, cut a brick or asbestos-cement pipe, cut a metal corner.

the use of a reciprocating saw in hard-to-reach places

cutting bricks with a reciprocating saw

The main advantage of this tool is its ease of use and its weight. Compact specimens are easily held with one hand, allowing you to work in uncomfortable positions and reach the most difficult to reach places.


A stationary power supply is required for power supply. The advantages are compactness and the ability to work indefinitely. Engine power is limited only by the total weight of the device.

And since the saws are lightweight compared to gasoline saws, they are also called light saws, then for work in the garden near the house or in the country, where there is electricity, an electric reciprocating saw is preferable.

She does not smoke and the noise from her work is much less. disadvantages. a saw on an electric wire is less mobile than a cordless one. No ability to move freely, in remote places requires a generator.


Autonomous power supply from a charged battery built into the instrument. Advantages. complete autonomy. Cordless wood saws can be taken into the forest, work on the construction of a country house that is not connected to the mains. When working in a narrow and densely packed room, the wire does not get tangled underfoot and does not cling to objects.

Now about the disadvantages. The first is price. The cost of the battery is included in the price list. The operating time is limited by the capacity of the battery. And of course the additional weight of the tool.

Lightweight reciprocating saw for summer cottages and home construction

  • What is a saw for??
  • How to choose one universal model from a variety of models?
  • Network
  • Pneumatic
  • Rechargeable
  • Varieties by type of blades (blades)
  • What to focus on when choosing
  • Power
  • Purpose
  • saw for giving
  • Selection recommendations

One of the first saws invented by man was the bow saw. It was made with our own hands, it was easy to set up, and was available to everyone. There would be canvases. One inconvenience. you need to hold it with both hands.

lightweight reciprocating cordless saw for wood

Then a hacksaw was invented, which was easily held with one hand. And the other hand held the piece of wood to be processed. So that the working hand does not get tired, a saber saw came to replace the hacksaw.

For giving. just an irreplaceable option. And cut off branches from trees, and cut firewood, and carpentry work on the site can be done without getting tired.

In fact, a reciprocating saw is a jigsaw, only the hacksaw blade comes out from the end, like a chuck in an electric drill. It is much safer to work with than a chain saw, and cuts can be made as accurately and precisely as a circular saw.

Varieties by type of blades (blades)

As a rule, a reciprocating saw is capable of working with all types of blades. For wood, metal and stone. However, the guide element is designed for a certain length, and the stroke of the reciprocating mechanism limits the use of blades with different sizes of teeth.

Mains powered reciprocating saw

There are only two main types. With one or two cutting blades.

  • The first option. an ordinary blade moves back and forth, like a hand saw. The advantages are ease of blade change and low cost. Disadvantages. vibrations during operation and the inability to obtain an accurate cut with smooth edges.
  • The second option. the so-called alligator type, has two oppositely directed canvases moving towards each other. There are no vibrations, the working speed is higher, the cut is perfect. Disadvantage. high cost and low versatility.
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alligator-type saw, very similar to a hacksaw for wood

options for choosing an electric chain saw

Tire. this is the name of the “blade” of the saw on which the chain is wound. The longer the length, the more practical the device. Each electric chain saw has its own recommended bar length range: you can only choose within this range. What are the varieties?

  • Tire 25-40 cm. Lopper: Ideal for cutting branches in the garden on overgrown trees. The garden will be neat and tidy, but thick trunks will be problematic to cut. Also suitable for minor construction work: fence repair, flooring, etc.
  • The 40-60 cm tire is the best option for most devices: does not require a powerful motor, but at the same time it is able to cope with thick tree trunks. You can fit this bar on most household, semi-professional or industrial saws.
  • Tire 60-90 cm. Tires that will cope with absolutely any task. Even a huge oak tree or a 10-meter poplar will be cut down with a powerful engine and a large chain. But only industrial products can work with such tires: a weak motor will not pull it out.

Chain step. the distance between the teeth and their size. You should not look for logic in the numbers of this parameter: you just need to remember. it determines how large the chain is. The chain is bought separately: the choice of a chain saw is practically independent of this parameter.

  • Step 0.325. Low profile chain with miniature teeth. Characterized by a very smooth, neat, precise cut: ideal for delimbing and cutting boards for renovation work.
  • Step 1 \ 4. almost identical to the previous parameter: the chain is convenient for carpentry repairs, but too weak for firewood.
  • Pitch 0.375 (3 \ 8). a chain with large teeth, which is installed on products of any class. It differs in not the most accurate cut (practically unsuitable for point cutting), but it takes large logs and tree branches without any problems. This chain is the best choice for most garden work.

So, the electric chain saw. this product is for strictly defined needs: it is not always appropriate to arrange a rating for them. Which chain saw is right for you. not suitable for a neighbor, and vice versa.

Review: Which Electric Chainsaw Is Right For You?

There are many manufacturers of chainsaws and chainsaws: domestic and foreign, luxury and budget, with a large and small assortment of products. But when choosing, you need to pay attention not to this. There are no “good” and “bad” products: the best saw is designed to do the work you need.

Some devices are capable of recklessly felling forests for days (oaks and acacias along with pines), the lot of others. humble gardening and construction work. Of course, the price of these saws will differ dramatically: professional models are several times more expensive than household ones. Here it is important for the buyer to decide on the purpose of the purchase: why does he choose an electric chain saw? For homework, an expensive, heavy, powerful unit with large teeth is completely unnecessary. At the same time, household saws are also used for felling. only discarded funds. Now we will review tools such as electric chain saws: what to look for for the buyer?

How to choose the best chain saw for a summer residence

Modern saws have few characteristics: motor power, bar length and chain pitch. But it is they who determine the purpose of use and the class of the device. An electric chain saw may or may not be able to perform the desired functions, starting from them: it is the characteristics that you need to look at when choosing.

Engine power. fundamental parameter. It is he who determines the class of the product. household, semi-professional and professional (industrial) model.

  • From 1.5 to 2 kW. household. This motor is rather weak, it will not be able to take a strong wood, work more than an hour a day and even cope with a 50-90 cm long tire. It is not suitable for industrial purposes, but for a summer residence. just right. The saw is quite light, does not vibrate in the hands, easily starts up and is completely safe even for an inexperienced sawyer. Easily cut unnecessary knots and prepare firewood.
  • 2 to 3 kW. semi-professional. This motor allows you to use longer tires: 40-50 cm. Such products can also work with problematic tree species: large trunks of acacia, oak, ash. But, like household ones, for a short time: after an hour of work, it is worth releasing the device from operation on that day.
  • From 3 to 9 kW. industrial. They are powerful motors capable of handling the heaviest tires and thickest trunks. Working day and night: professional lumberjacks use them to fell trees.

What type of saw do I need for which job?

Electric chain saw which is better saws and other tools for you