DIY chainsaw carriage for rip sawing

The result of self-production of a sawmill from a chainsaw

If the goal is to build a mini sawmill for the house, then you need to start first with making a homemade scheme. Based on the scheme, you can begin to implement the idea into reality. Making a mobile board sawing machine is not difficult, and every craftsman can handle it. To do this, you need to have at hand the necessary tools in the form of an angle grinder, a drill and a welding machine, consumables in the form of fasteners, handles and screws, rollers, as well as the main parts. corners, channel bars, tubes.

Then it’s a matter of time and skill. When working on a sawmill, it is necessary to take into account the following that in the construction of a chainsaw it is better to use chains made of carbide materials with the application of a victorious or diamond coating on the teeth. This will extend the life of the chains and also eliminate overloading the tool when teeth are dull on conventional chains. It is not recommended to cut logs at low temperatures, as frozen workpieces will blunt the teeth of the gasoline tool even faster. Having a chainsaw in the household, you should not limit yourself to its basic functionality, since this tool is able to perform a lot of useful work, replacing such expensive equipment as a sawmill. What other possibilities does a chainsaw have that can be expanded with the help of special attachments. can be read in the material.

Making A Quick and Dirty VERTICAL Chainsaw Mill

Design of various nozzles for longitudinal cutting of logs

Let’s start with a simple one, with the construction of a gas cutter. Visually, it resembles a bearing assembly, supplemented by a pulley and a movable shaft (performs rotational movements). This device drives the belt drive. The unit is equipped with a special mechanism designed to fix the disks. The latter must be selected from an assortment designed for cutting metal, wood, stones. With the help of such discs and attachments, it is not difficult to transform a gasoline saw into a multi-tool.

An alternative version of the device for ripping is a debarker. This is popular not only for its ability to increase the efficiency of making boards, but also due to its ability to remove bark from logs. It can also be used to cut grooves in the material to be cut. These are just a few examples of why a debarker is being exploited. Such nozzles are found in two varieties:

They differ from each other mainly in functionality.

There are other devices for longitudinal cutting of logs. Most of them are developed by large companies, but homemade gadgets can also be seen on the net. From those made at factories of famous brands, they differ mainly in design features.

In this regard, homemade nozzles are much simpler. The most common option is a hand-held sawmill. At the heart of such a small sawmill is a gasoline chain saw, supplemented not only with guide elements, but also with wheels designed to move along the log (in order to reduce the resistance indicator). The wheels of this device are no more than 2 pieces, one piece on different sides of the workpiece.

The manual sawmill is a simple and convenient device. With its help, you can, without making any special efforts, make a large number of even and neat boards. The only essential condition is the correct installation of the chainsaw. It should be positioned horizontally (unless the operator needs a bevel cut).

Sawing the trunk across. there will be no difficulties!

As you can see, longitudinal sawing with a chainsaw is a rather laborious process. If you want to get logs by sawing the trunk across, and then making boards from them, the operation will be impractical due to the high cost of effort. Most often, cross-cutting is used when it is necessary to manufacture outdoor furniture from the country. tables, benches, small benches. It is also recommended for harvesting firewood and for decorating garden paths using sawn wood blocks. In such situations, the logs are cut into discs that are small in thickness (up to 15 cm).

Cross cutting is used in the manufacture of country furniture

chainsaw, carriage, sawing

The cross-cutting process is as follows:

  • 1. Place the trunk on 70-80-meter high trestles (they should be as stable as possible).
  • 2. Remove the bark from the wood, if any.
  • 3. Make a small cut. It will play the role of a guide groove.
  • 4. Turn the barrel to be processed 90 °. The tire of the gasoline-powered tool must go strictly along the intended groove.
  • 5. If you need logs, place notches on the tree with an ax.
  • 6. Sawing the trunk.

Cross and longitudinal sawing of logs must be carried out in compliance with safety standards. It is advisable to perform work in tight clothing, gloves, glasses, headphones. Prepare a first aid kit in advance. a chainsaw is a potentially unsafe tool that can cause serious injury to a person. Always move the saw forward along the rail and do not push hard on it. The tool must run freely.

Do not lift the chainsaw above your shoulders. The tool should only be run on the ground. In this case, the chain brake must be in the engaged state. Its release is carried out just before the start of cutting the logs. Do not refill the gasoline container if the saw has recently been used. Wait until the tool and fuel tank have cooled down. Take care of the safe execution of work. And then the independent sawing of tree trunks will not lead to sad consequences. Good luck.

Sawmill from a chainsaw with your own hands. an option

The structure consists of four main units:

  • Drive saws.
  • Mechanism for adjusting the thickness of the manufactured board.
  • Mechanism for moving the saw part of the structure.
  • Devices for fixing logs.

Since a chainsaw with a working engine and cutting teeth is already available, it will be necessary to make only both mechanisms and a device for fixing the logs with your own hands.

Mechanism for regulating the thickness of the boards.

Logs are sawn by raising or lowering the base, which must be welded to the plate using four folded nuts. At the top of this device, lock nuts must be installed, which must be tightened after the unit has been adjusted to the desired thickness of the material being processed.

The saw in the structure moves along the frame along the guide corners, the distance between which should be 50 cm. Two rollers or 20 mm bearings must be welded to the posts. The lower roller should keep the sawmill from lifting, and the upper roller should be supported on the guide angle.

On such a unit, the logs are fastened using two combs. a fixed one and a moving one by means of a screw. After the material to be processed is set, the moving ridge is fixed with screws in a stationary state. Now you can start safely operating a homemade sawmill made from a chainsaw.

Band sawmill

This mechanism is one of the complex types. To manufacture it, you will need to purchase expensive materials, including an engine of the required power, prepare a machine tool movement system and carry out a complete debugging and tuning of the equipment. Making it at home can be extremely difficult and expensive.

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The principle of operation of a band sawmill lies in its name. The cutting element is a long saw blade rolled into a ring. This ring is mounted on the pulleys. So that the tape does not fly off during heating, automobile or motorcycle wheels are used as a pulley. They give the necessary elasticity.

The main structural element that needs to be prioritized is the frame. It is she who will hold the cutting elements, drive, engine

Also, the frame provides smooth movement along the guides and adjustment of the cutting thickness. The assembly of the structure should begin with the frame.

The engine plays an important role in the sawing process. A system that is not powerful enough will lead to frequent saw sticks and low efficiency, and too powerful can break the cutting element. As a rule, electric motors with a power of 2 kW or more are used. The motor is placed on the side of the frame opposite the cutting mechanisms.

The easiest part is installing the guides. It is allowed to use any durable materials. rails, channels, I-beams. The distance between the two parallel rails is the diameter of the largest log that will be sawed on this sawmill. The guides are attached to supports installed every half a meter. The parts are fastened to each other by welding.

Advice! Similar designs are often used by small businesses. At a relatively low cost, you can get an efficient tool that can rip a large number of logs. However, for a single use, the tool cannot be called effective. too high costs.

This video outlines the process of sawing wood with a band sawmill. This will allow you to assess its effectiveness, as well as notice the main positive and negative aspects.

Using the above drawings and descriptions, you can make a carriage for a chainsaw with your own hands. It must be remembered that a chainsaw is an extremely traumatic tool. All parts of the structure, especially those holding the saw bar, must be reliable and sturdy. Parts should not “walk” when the load is applied. Failure to do so could result in serious cuts or traumatic amputations of body parts. If you are not confident in your abilities, it is recommended to entrust the assembly of the mechanism to professionals or purchase a ready-made kit.

How to cut a log with your own hands

It is not necessary to purchase a device for sawing boards with a chainsaw. You can make it yourself. The simplest option is a device made of metal profiles. Such a nozzle will be not only convenient, but also stable, durable and reliable. Are you planning to make the most functional frame? Use mechanical gearboxes.

With them, the device will turn into a kind of machine for longitudinal cutting of logs. Mechanical gearboxes are needed to simplify the process of moving the chainsaw along the trunk. There is no need to apply force (to put pressure on the tool manually) to process the material. All you need to do is turn the gear knob. As for adjusting the thickness of the boards, it is convenient to adjust this indicator by using a nozzle made of metal profiles, raising the workpiece itself, and not displacing the gasoline saw in relation to it.

At home, you can also make a device that will cut a log not horizontally, but in a vertical plane. The only significant nuance is that it is more difficult to work with it compared to the previous frame (despite the fact that its design is simpler).

The difficulty lies in the fact that the operator has to apply force to move the tool along the workpiece. In addition to the chainsaw and the attachment, you will have to use a board and metal addition. This kind of support is attached to the log.

An alternative option is a carriage installation. To create such a frame structure, you need a pair of castors and a profile tube. This device differs from others in its mobility (ease of movement along the workpiece). In addition, the wheels will simultaneously serve as stops for the chainsaw, which means that additional devices will not be needed. In addition to these parts and the profile pipe, the only thing that is needed is an aluminum ladder (it will play the role of a guiding element).

It is necessary to select a ladder, taking into account its width, which should coincide with the distance between the wheels of the frame structure, which will be placed directly on its ends. The best option is attached to the log to be sawn using self-tapping screws, clamps or nails. The created device for cutting a board with a chainsaw with your own hands is placed horizontally.

It should lie as flat as possible. You can make sure that it is placed correctly using a building level. It is easy to align a ladder with a log, using boards (pieces) of different thicknesses. As for the tool itself with a nozzle, then it is installed on a ladder, moving the saw along the workpiece, putting pressure on it with your hands.

DIY Chainsaw Carriage

Boards are intensively used for various construction and repair activities. There is an option to make such material without the help of others from any suitable log, using an ordinary chainsaw.

A chainsaw, often referred to as a chainsaw, is essentially a chain hand tool equipped with a two-stroke (almost always) gasoline engine. Such a popular mechanism is indispensable in any home garden. The saw is small and powerful at the same time. It works without breakdowns for a long time in an autonomous mode, whereby it is allowed to use it in any area and in a position comfortable for the user. The chainsaw also has advantages:

Making a Homemade/DIY Ripping Chain for my Chainsaw Mill

  • Equipped with mechanisms for selecting the operating speed and soft start. Therefore, the risk of breaking the circuit is reduced to zero.
  • Used in moisture.
  • Doesn’t ask for electronic energy.
  • Characterized by the highest power ratings (palpably greater than that of a power tool).
  • Features a fast response overrun brake.

A chainsaw is essentially a chain hand tool.

The main advantage of a gasoline saw is the ability to equip it with different attachments. Specifically, they make it a universal, indispensable tool for a home craftsman. With the help of a chainsaw, sawing logs, cutting stone, metal, bricks, tiled materials, removing bark from wood, cutting mounting grooves and various grooves in bars is done.

The functionality of the tool can be expanded to a greater extent, the main thing is to correctly choose the required nozzle or equip it with a special device.

We will not outline what remains to be done for our client with the ability of a chainsaw. Within the framework of this article, we are only interested in the issue of sawing logs with a chain saw. On the features of performing such work on your own further.

Sawing a log with a gasoline saw can be performed after completing it with various types of devices and special attachments. It is not difficult to get relatively flat boards from the trunk of an old dried tree in your own summer cottage if you install a standard nozzle for longitudinal cutting of tree species on the chainsaw. The fundamental point. You won’t get perfect boards with this attachment. But the cut products can be used to build a fence around the site or a simple barn.

Sawmill from a chainsaw

This type of construction is the easiest to manufacture, but it also requires special skills, tools and experience with them.

This type implies the installation of the carriage on the rails, but is not required. As guides, you can use a flat wooden strip, on which the carriage structure will easily slide. It allows you to remove the first layer evenly. The plane of the saw cut on the log is used as subsequent guides.

The absence of a bed and carriage adds a number of complications. The master may have problems keeping the log in one position. It is impossible to start work without proper fixation, as this can lead to injuries.

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The step-by-step process for making a carriage for a chainsaw will look like this:

  • Making the base. To do this, we weld together a pipe with dimensions of 25×25 mm.
  • Perpendicular tubes are welded to the base on opposite sides, the size of which is 30×30 mm. They are necessary for attaching the movable part that holds the saw and sets the thickness of the sawn bars.
  • Nuts are welded into the side parts of the guides. With their help, it will be possible to fix the moving parts at the desired height with bolts.
  • We make the moving part. It consists of two tubes with a T-shaped end. The end of the pipes is made in the form of a vise, clamped with bolts and nuts. These clamps will hold the saw blade. Pipe size. 25×25 mm.
  • To prevent the saw chain from rubbing against metal parts, two metal plates of the required dimensions are welded onto the inner parts of the vice. They completely depend on the thickness and width of the chainsaw blade.
  • We assemble the carriage into a single structure, select the desired height and install the saw. The sawmill is ready to use.

The video below fully describes the carriage manufacturing process. In addition, the author of this device notes the main difficulties and some inaccuracies made by him during the assembly of the sawmill. This will allow you to avoid such oversights and make the log sawing device more practical.

This design of the carriage is suitable for personal use and one-time sawing wood. For commercial purposes, it will not work.

How to make a carriage for a chainsaw

For longitudinal sawing of logs at home, an ordinary chainsaw is most often used. The main element of such a homemade sawmill is a carriage that allows you to make cuts of equal thickness. In this article, you will learn how to make a carriage for a chainsaw with your own hands according to the drawings.

Sawmill Logosol

This type of forestry equipment is suitable for small construction, as it greatly simplifies and speeds up the process of sawing wood. However, making such a machine with your own hands is quite difficult.

To make a carriage for a chainsaw and a bed with your own hands, you will need drawings of this design. They are attached below along with a photo of the finished machine.

As can be seen from the proposed drawings, the apparatus consists of three main parts:

  • Chainsaw carriage.
  • Guides for smooth and even carriage movement.
  • Log feed unit.

We figured out the manufacture of the carriage in the previous example. This design can be used, but it needs to be modified. You will need to install casters and a restraint mechanism on the frame. Thanks to them, the carriage can easily move along the guides and will not fly off during sawing logs.

The guides themselves must be made of strong and wear-resistant material. For a homemade sawmill, it is recommended to use ordinary railroad rails. Depending on the preferred dimensions of the machine, choose the desired length of the rails. If necessary, they are welded together, and the seams are cleaned to avoid large differences. In the far part of the rail, a stop for the log is welded. He will not let him slide out during the sawing process.

As an example of the main structural units, the drawings of the Logosol company were used. the official manufacturer of woodworking equipment around the world.

The log feed unit is one of the hardest parts of this device.

  • First, it must regulate the lifting height of the log. For this, a toothed rack is installed on the lifting devices. The movement is carried out by a handle, which drives the gear wheel. The ratchet mechanism can restrict the return movement of the lifting part.
  • Secondly, it is necessary to restrict the log so that it does not roll onto its side. This is quite simple to do. You can use corners made of any durable material that are placed under the wood and do not allow it to move. You can also provide sturdier clamps that are screwed directly to the log feed unit. But then there may be problems with their regulation for different tree sizes.

Further, it remains only to assemble the machine into a single structure. After that, you can use it to harvest large quantities of wood. This video shows the machine in working order:

chainsaw, carriage, sawing

Features of the sawmill

Usually, wild logs are used for sawing with a sawmill. They have an irregular shape and uneven structure. Therefore, they are fixed in a static position, and the sawing is carried out by a carriage with a sawing tool. Otherwise, it will be very difficult to ensure an even cut. The exception is large industrial sawmills, where the saw is stationary and the logs are fed to the cutting element by a hydraulic press.

A long log is always cut longitudinally from the bottom of the trunk to its top. Otherwise, any saw will get stuck or break.

In general, a wood sawing machine consists of the following parts:

  • Cutting element. saw.
  • Motor driving the cutting parts.
  • Carriage for feeding the saw to the wood.
  • Carriage guides.
  • Wood carriage and log feed unit.
  • A frame that holds all parts together into a single structure.

Depending on the design features, some parts can be combined with each other. So, for example, a chainsaw, often used in homemade sawmills, combines the cutting part and the drive.

For large industrial logging sites, complex structures are used with specially designed fixtures and saws for this purpose. In the household, there is no need for such tricks. As a rule, materials at hand are used that can cut an average log into bars.

Next, we will consider from which improvised devices you can make a sawmill at home with your own hands.

Band sawmill

This mechanism is one of the complex types. To manufacture it, you will need to purchase expensive materials, including an engine of the required power, prepare a machine tool movement system and carry out a complete debugging and tuning of the equipment. Making it at home can be extremely difficult and expensive.

The principle of operation of a band sawmill lies in its name. The cutting element is a long saw blade rolled into a ring. This ring is mounted on the pulleys. So that the tape does not fly off during heating, automobile or motorcycle wheels are used as a pulley. They give the necessary elasticity.

  • The main structural element that needs to be prioritized is the frame. It is she who will hold the cutting elements, drive, engine. Also, the frame provides smooth movement along the guides and adjustment of the cutting thickness. The assembly of the structure should begin with the frame.
  • The engine plays an important role in the sawing process. A system that is not powerful enough will lead to frequent saw sticks and low efficiency, and too powerful can break the cutting element. As a rule, electric motors with a power of 2 kW or more are used. The motor is placed on the side of the frame opposite the cutting mechanisms.
  • The easiest part is installing the guides. It is allowed to use any durable materials. rails, channels, I-beams. The distance between the two parallel rails is the diameter of the largest log that will be sawed on this sawmill. The guides are attached to supports installed every half a meter. The parts are fastened to each other by welding.

Similar designs are often used by small businesses. At a relatively low cost, you can get an efficient tool that can rip a large number of logs. However, for a single use, the tool cannot be called effective. too high costs.

This video outlines the process of sawing wood with a band sawmill. This will allow you to assess its effectiveness, as well as notice the main positive and negative aspects.

Using the above drawings and descriptions, you can make a carriage for a chainsaw with your own hands. It must be remembered that a chainsaw is an extremely traumatic tool. All parts of the structure, especially those holding the saw bar, must be reliable and sturdy. Parts should not “walk” when the load is applied. Failure to do so could result in serious cuts or traumatic amputations of body parts. If you are not confident in your abilities, it is recommended to entrust the assembly of the mechanism to professionals or purchase a ready-made kit.

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Other goat options

The most widespread for sawing single thick logs with chain saws, various designs of a goat with fixation of the rear part of the log are received.

It is these, in addition to cruciform, that are most industrially produced.

Or here is this option, calculated for very thick, but not long logs:

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And finally, we will present a very successful wooden structure for home-made, which also guarantees that the saw does not jam due to the small width between the supports of the goat at the cutting point.

In such trestles, the log is laid with the same overhang on the sides for stability, and is sawn in the middle. Then do the same with the resulting pieces.

In all cases, when making a goat yourself, you choose the height individually, so that, first of all, it is convenient for you.

Dear readers, if you have any questions, ask them using the form below. We will be glad to communicate with you

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Features of the manufacture of wooden goat

For working with a one-handed or two-handed saw, a standard-sized machine made of wooden beams is suitable. It turns out to be small, light and durable at the same time. To carry out the assembly, you need to do the following operations:

Prepare a beam of 10×10 cm and a length of 1-1.2 m. for crossbars, legs. The dimensions of the finished product will be enough to cut 4 pieces of medium-sized firewood for manufacturing and assembly. To give greater strength to the connection, cuts are made in each pair of legs. Their depth is maintained at least 1/3 of the thickness of the workpiece, but not more than 1/2. Trying to get a tighter connection, the cuts are made narrower than the width of the workpiece. The timber inserted into the prepared grooves is upset in place using a hammer. Their fastening to each other, like all elements, is carried out on self-tapping screws for wood 4.5×100 mm, or by preventing lateral displacement of the legs, two wide boards are additionally attached to them horizontally or at an angle; branches, the device is optionally treated with wood stain, surfaces are coated with a special protective paint or varnish.

Similarly, you can make goats from any available material, such as boards, round timber. To make goats, you need the most affordable tool:

An ordinary hacksaw along the corner, but you can do without a pencil with a graphite rod for marking or. hammer, electric screwdriver, brush 4-5 cm, varnish or the number of screws, nails.

Felling wood and preparing for sawing: step by step

For felling trees, as a rule, an ax and a saw (or chainsaw) are used. Work with an ax begins from the side of the trunk into which it will fall. It must be ensured that a sufficient corridor is provided in the forest, and that the trunk does not break other trees remaining intact when it falls. Begin to work with an ax.

  • A notch is made in the trunk in the shape of a wedge, 1/3 of the barrel deep.
  • On the opposite side of the trunk, make the same notch, but 1/2 of its thickness. It is located 4-6 cm above the first wedge.
  • At the moment when the remaining thickness does not allow the tree to hold, it will begin to fall.
  • Sometimes they do it differently. First, a notch is made with an ax, and on the opposite side, a cut is made with a saw.

So they cut down the required number of trees. At the next stage, you will need a saw again: with its help, all branches are sawed off. It is much easier and faster to work with a chainsaw. However, when using it, it is necessary to provide components and materials for maintenance. The trunk without branches and knots is cut into chocks 40-50 cm long. If a hand saw is used, the trunk is placed on pre-nailed goats so that cutting is more comfortable. If the tree is heavy, start sawing on the ground.

DIY scaffolding tool

Joiner’s pencil

A carpenter’s pencil is necessary for marking cutting lines on boards.

General Provisions

A wooden goat for firewood should be lightweight, comfortable and durable. It is extremely important to understand that the structure must be adjusted to suit your height. But let’s take a closer look at this issue and find out how to make do-it-yourself goats for sawing firewood. The drawing in this case, or at least a sketch, will become what will help to complete all the work more accurately and quickly.

The cutting height in most cases should not exceed 110 centimeters and be less than 90 cm. So the person does not need to squat or tilt the body too much. If you plan to use a two-handed saw, then you need to take care of the support of the free hand. In this case, an additional cut timber is placed on the machine, which acts as a stop. But if you are going to work with a chainsaw, then the emphasis will be pointless, due to the employment of both hands. When working with a gas or power tool, it is much more important to take care of the maximum departure of the logs from the goat. So the workpiece will not be clamped, which is almost inevitable when cutting between the racks of the goat.

Preparation

Assembling a suitable trestle begins with the design phase. It is necessary to draw up a detailed drawing, which will contain indications of general dimensions and individual parts.

The formation of drawing diagrams is influenced by what kind of forests will be. They can be two-piece. folding or one-piece. In the first case, two gantry supports are assembled, on which the boards are placed. This allows you to adjust the length of the scaffolding, depending on the need. Their width is determined by the width of the supporting elements. In the second case, a one-piece structure is made with fixed parameters of height, length and width.

The simplest options for homemade scaffolding are those made from wood materials. For assembly, you will need a set of basic tools and consumables:

  • a hammer;
  • hacksaw (jigsaw);
  • electric screwdriver;
  • measuring instruments (tape measure, ruler).
  • self-tapping screws;
  • drill;
  • fastening metal products.

Assembling

When making scaffolding from metal, the next step will need to be assembled. For this, the master is recommended to enlist the help of another person. One of them will have to hold two posts, while the other will have to insert jumpers into them. With the help of short elements, you will be able to assemble two sidewalls. Each of the masters, holding along the sidewall, begins to insert long jumpers. After these blanks are in place, you can level everything up by laying ladders on them. Before making construction goats, you should familiarize yourself with the technology. At the next stage, it assumes the possibility of installing subsequent tiers, while you need to use the above technique.