DIY Garlic Planter For Tiller

Description

In large state farms and agricultural enterprises, sowing has long been carried out with the help of special equipment, but our summer residents for many years had to loosen the land, form furrows and scatter seeds by hand. Of course, if you are the owner of three beds, then such work will not be difficult, but if you have a plot of 6 or more acres, it makes sense to “entrust” part of your work to little helpers. seeders for tillers.

These powered attachments are multifunctional multi-shed implements. Thanks to the use of a seeder, almost all sowing operations are significantly accelerated, while their quality meets all agrotechnical standards, and very little energy, like fuel, is consumed. Such equipment is designed for clutching medium to heavy tillers with performance parameters of 6 or more horsepower.

garlic, planter, tiller

Top Models

Among all the abundance of agricultural machinery presented, users invariably give preference to products of well-known brands, which have long won consumer recognition for their high quality, reliability and durability. Among the most popular models are the products of such companies as “Centaur”, “Krasnaya Zvezd”, “Belinskselmash”, as well as Bozkurt and Becker. It is worth taking a closer look at the most popular models according to users’ version.

  • SVTV 4-8. This is a vacuum seeder. Its travel speed is 23.5 km / h. The number of revolutions of the seeding drum. 21 rpm. The seed size can vary from 1 to 10 mm. The maximum distance between seeds is 70 cm, while the planting depth can be up to 10 cm.
  • Premium STV-2. This seeder is optimal for planting seeds of garlic, corn, potato planting material, as well as other vegetable crops of various fractions. The machine simultaneously cuts furrows, introduces planting material and compacts the beds. The planter is optimal for tillers from 6 HP. from. The width of the wheels is 110 mm, the row spacing is at the level of 16-50 cm, the seeds are planted to a depth of 1 to 6 cm.
  • STV-4. It is a dotted seeder designed for planting crops and vegetables. The model is equipped with several replaceable drums, so you can plant material of the most different fraction. During the operation of the device, a furrow is simultaneously formed, seeds are sealed, the soil is compacted.
  • SM-6. This model is intended for the row planting of small material. It is most often used in greenhouses, as well as in small house plots. It allows for even planting of six rows of vegetables, grains and lawns. When sowing seeds of the finest fraction, it is recommended to pre-mix them with any available filler.

Tips for choosing

To select the right planter, there are a few basic factors to consider.

  • The size. Typically, seeders have 6 to 48 rows. The choice here depends only on the size of the site, it is obvious that the larger the number of rows, the higher the speed of work, respectively, the more work you have to do, the more overall the planter should be.
  • Row spacing. If you purchase a seeder for planting several types of crops, then it is better to give preference to models that have the ability to set the required distance between rows. If you plan to cultivate only one type of plant, for example, potatoes, for several years, then this additional function can be completely dispensed with.
  • Seed feed. Everything is the same here. If you intend to plant the same seeds from year to year. purchase a model with a portioned material supply. If you need to load seeds of different vegetable and cereal crops into the device, then it is better to purchase a model equipped with interchangeable hoppers.
  • Pay attention to the system for redistributing the weight of the seeds, since most of them are fed to the ground through the seed tubes, an increase in density in the central part can lead to an overall decrease in yield. It is advisable to choose more modern models equipped with flotation tires.
  • The sowing unit must be of the highest quality. Its dispenser must guarantee correct and accurate fit. Optimally, if it will be complemented by the ability to calibrate the fit.
  • Downforce. This is an important indicator that indicates how hard the coulters are sinking into the ground. This directly affects the quality of planting and the depth of seeding, therefore, special attention should be paid to this parameter.
  • Embedding system. And finally, one of the most important parameters of plant reliability is the planting material embedding system. If the product is of high quality, then the system must carefully align the grooves in such a way that even traces of them will not remain. Experts recommend giving preference to modifications with the possibility of reconfiguring for different conditions of sown land.

Before buying a planter, you should take into account that planters for certain types of horticultural crops are quite similar to each other. For example, a beet planter can be used to plant any material with a diameter of less than 7 mm, such as cabbage. When changing the nozzle, a garlic seeder may well be used for onions and vice versa.

Features of homemade planters

Many summer residents who have at least minimal metalworking skills prefer to make seeders on their own in their home workshop.

To do this, you will need the following materials and elements:

hand garlic planter connected with 2 wheel tractor MTZ-09

  • a pair of running wheels;
  • wooden box for planting material;
  • hardware;
  • steel sheets;
  • rubberized layers;
  • growing roller;
  • steel corners and spikes;
  • bearings;
  • bracket.

Homemade Garlic Planter

The process of making a planter is quite simple, but it requires maximum concentration and concentration of attention, which is why special attention should be paid here to the following nuances of work:

  • the seed box is made only of wood, and the thickness of the boards should not exceed 15 mm, but for their shelter, you can use overhead steel bottoms 1 mm thick;
  • it is better to connect the walls of the structure with iron corners, as well as spikes and self-tapping screws;
  • wood lining is attached to the bottom wall of the box;
  • the seeding roller mounting mechanism is necessarily combined with the formation of semicircular cutouts, usually brackets are attached to the linings with screws;
  • rubber plates are placed in the bottoms, which contribute to the most complete removal of seeds into the ground;
  • the openers can be made from sheet steel, then hooked on with brackets.

Important! Adjustment of the planting depth of the seed material is carried out due to the secondary attachment of the opener in small holes.

Tiller planters can be classified on several grounds, which are worth dwelling on. According to the method of introducing planting material, planters can be as follows:

  • ordinary. when using them, the seeds are planted in rows located at a certain distance from each other, while the seeds, as well as the grooves, are immediately thrown over with soil and leveled;
  • nesting. required in order to scatter groups of seeds in small rows; in essence, nested seeders resemble ordinary ones, only ordinary ones assume single planting of seeds, and nest planters plant them in small groups in pre-created holes;
  • square-nested. used to grow planting material in a given order, as if at the corners of a square or rectangle; the disadvantage of such installations is the low landing speed;
  • dotted. allow wide-row planting, while the seeds are placed at some distance from each other;
  • scattering. optimal for such types of sowing, when the seeds need to be evenly scattered over the ground, by the way, such seeders can be used in winter. they are useful for scattering sand on slippery garden paths; such devices are very high quality and high-performance, the only limitation of the use of such a device is the inexpediency of using along the edges of the site, since in this case part of the family material will simply fly away from the allotted allotment.

By type of seed, they can be as follows:

  • universal. they work both with vegetables and grain crops, they can adapt to seeds of any size thanks to a special built-in calibrator;
  • specialized. used for crops of a certain type: grasses, bulbs, vegetables, cereals and other types of seeds, more often than others there are garlic planters and potato planters.

For planting grain, in most cases I use dotted seeders with 5–9 rows and a capacity of 6–15 liters. from. The distance between the holes is set at 20–30 cm, and the planting depth is set at the level of 7–10 cm. For growing corn, ordinary and square-nested models are often used, which provide the necessary accuracy of seed placement. Herbal ones belong to ejection mechanisms, it is especially good to plant seeds with their help. But for garlic, a nest planter is recommended, although a dotted planter can also be used, the same applies to onions. Vegetable seeders are truly versatile mechanisms that can plant seeds of various sizes, they are equipped with calibrators, so you can adjust the size of the outlet, for example, a carrot has a small hole, and a potato one is quite large.

Depending on the method of use, planters can operate in modes such as:

  • in conjunction with an adapter. for unenclosed areas of 10 hectare or more;
  • without adapter. for small fenced land;
  • hand-drawn equipment. it is recommended for greenhouses and greenhouses.

All about tiller planters

  • Description
  • Principle of operation
  • Features of homemade planters
  • Views
  • Top Models
  • Tips for choosing
  • Exploitation

With the onset of spring for the owners of summer cottages, the most hectic time comes. sowing. This is a rather laborious activity, but agricultural technology does not stand still and constantly releases new products in the agricultural industry, which can significantly make life easier for gardeners and gardeners. One such development was the tiller seeder.

Principle of operation

Each seeding equipment includes the following components:

  • container for storing seeds;
  • a sowing device that allows you to evenly feed seeds and seed tube;
  • directly the seed tube for moving the flow of planting material to the openers;
  • openers responsible for pressing the furrow to the ground;
  • devices for filling grooves with a layer of soil and leveling the surface of the site.

The principle of operation of such devices is quite simple and looks like this:

  • the planter moves along the area intended for planting seeds and forms small grooves in it;
  • plants seeds in them so that a given distance is maintained between them, and the planting depth feels standard;
  • fills up soil grooves and levels the surface.

Important! The use of such a nozzle for tillers helps to minimize the time spent on all work, and also protects the farmer from overwork.

If you dig deeper into the technical nuances of planting seeds using a seeder, then the mechanism is standard here. one of the structural elements of the device is a chain drive, as well as a rear wheel, which work as a whole. The gear sets the direction of movement of the wheel, as a result, the seeds fall into the ground through special holes. Modern models of planters allow you to adjust the planting speed, as well as the size of the planting material (seeds or bulbs), thanks to this feature, the farmer gets the opportunity to change the number of plantings in one run. Different planter models also allow for intelligent adjustment of the planting depth, which usually ranges from a few millimeters to a few centimeters.

Important! If you want to plant small seeds such as carrots, a variety of fillers should be used. Bran is best suited for this purpose, but sand, even river sand, is not recommended, since it can harm fragile seed.

Exploitation

In conclusion, it is worth considering the features of using a planter for tillers. The main thing is to understand that a seeder is not only a convenient device for spreading seeds, it is, first of all, a good equipment for soil cultivation. Modern models with advanced technology allow efficient cultivation of the land, so that it does not deplete even with prolonged use, and the fertility remains at a high level.

In order for the seeder to serve you for many years, you should follow such simple recommendations as:

  • you should not purchase a universal seeder without an adjustable valve. otherwise the seeds will be unevenly or too quickly to spill out into the ground or simply tightened;
  • if you use homemade mounted seeders for tillers, then make it a rule to regularly check their condition; periodic installation will minimize the occurrence of emergency situations and equipment breakdowns;
  • when sowing the land, you can use various additional fillers, for example, humus, remnants of old grains or spoiled cereals; such additives enrich the earth with useful substances and provide young sprouts and roots with nutritious nutrition, creating the conditions necessary for obtaining a high yield.

How to choose a planter for a tiller, see the next video.

Benefits of purchasing a garlic planter

Garlic and onions are profitable to cultivate. Vegetables are distinguished by keeping quality during long-term storage, do not need intensive care and expensive storage. Selling in parts as the price rises. a bonanza for the farmer.

The garlic seeder is mounted on a tiller, which acts as a transport device. The capacity of the garlic planter is related to the capacity of the tiller. Planting is carried out on prepared soil: plowing, cultivation, leveling of the site are carried out in advance. The seed is calibrated. The teeth are selected with a size of 15-25 mm.

Benefits of using a garlic planter:

  • Planting seed at a predetermined depth (6–8 cm).
  • Productivity. 0.3–1 hectares per hour (the number of rows and the pulling force of the tiller determine the one-time coverage of the area).
  • The distance between the rows and the planting material is adjusted according to the requirements of agricultural technology for the type of soil, climate.
  • The hopper of each row holds up to 10 kg of garlic, onion seeds (the mechanism is suitable for both crops).
  • Easy to set up the unit.
READ  DIY Potato Planter For Tiller

Types of planters for garlic

The SCH-4 four-row garlic planter requires an 11 HP tiller. with., it will provide a productivity of 1 hectare per hour at negligible costs. The recommended driving speed is 2 to 4 km / h. The cost of the unit is 43–45 thousand rubles. The unit and the tiller will pay off in the first season.

7-10 prongs (bulbs) are planted per running meter to obtain large, even heads. Planting depth and spacing are recommended by agronomists. The row spacing is set by the user according to the parameters of the harvesting technique. The manufacturer gives a 1 year warranty for the device.

A three-row planter for mechanical seeding, according to the specified parameters, clings to a tiller with a capacity of at least 6 liters. from. Seeder productivity. 0.75 hectares per hour. The farmer forms the hilling height and sowing flow at the planting step. The spacing between seeds in a row is adjustable to sizes 11, 12.5, 14 cm.

Making a garlic planter for a tiller with your own hands

Monotonous labor-intensive operations in the fields are taken over by machines and implements. The use of low-cost mechanisms in operation (mini tractors and tillers), the purchase or manufacture of specialized seeding units in a workshop (like a garlic planter for a tiller) will untie the farmer’s hands in a hot season.

Build a garlic planter for a tiller yourself

We’ll have to copy the finished design and simplify it. The principle of the device is simple. The keel opener rakes the soil and creates a furrow. For one revolution of the wheel, several seeds are fed in turn. The hiller rakes up the soil, falls asleep garlic.

The difficulty lies in creating a seeding flow mechanism. The chain version is difficult to manufacture. You will have to buy individual parts: wheels, shaft, special brushes. The feed of the tines will have to be adjusted experimentally. Install the impeller in the conical hopper and coordinate the rotation with the movement of the seeding device wheel.

Planter models

The garlic seeder can be connected to almost any model of tiller with an adapter or attachment. This method of planting a crop will be relevant if the soil on the site is too heavy for manual seeders. In addition, it significantly speeds up the work process.

The principle of using such devices is simple. The planter is set to an operating mode compatible with the tiller. After that, it is transported across the land so that the cloves of garlic fall into the ground.

This method has only one drawback. The tiller requires fuel. This increases the cash costs of the landing.

One of the most common models is the four-row garlic planter. Its main feature is the presence of 4 containers for cloves. The use of this unit allows landing as accurately as possible. The distance between the rows is the same. The four-row planter can also be attached to the tiller.

The four-row seeder is a highly efficient attachment device that is capable of efficiently and quickly planting garlic

You can find a seeder model that has 2 or 3 containers for garlic bulbs. The planting process with the help of such devices will be somewhat slower, but such planters are cheaper than four-row planters.

The planter is equipped with a function for calibrating the teeth by size. It can vary from 1 to 3 cm. The maximum container capacity is close to 10 kg. The planting depth of the teeth and the spacing between the rows are characteristics that are unique to different models. The productivity of such seeders ranges from 1 to 3 hectares per day.

The price range for planters for tiller or mini-tractors is wide. for the simplest models suitable for small summer cottages.

For owners of small summer cottages, the use of a manual seeder would be an excellent option. It has the most simple device. Move such devices manually. This avoids the cost of combustible materials.

Using a simple manual planter when planting garlic and onions will greatly facilitate and speed up this process.

The manual garlic planter is smaller and lighter than its tiller model. Their cost is almost 2-3 times lower. The main disadvantage of using such devices is the time consuming.

Seeding type

When choosing a planter, you need to pay attention to such an indicator as the type and accuracy of seeding. Manufacturers indicate with what error the device can work

This is an important criterion when choosing, since it directly affects the quality of the future crop. The more precision, the better the planter will perform.

Device for planting garlic by hand features, principle of operation and varieties

Serrated markers

Most often, a serrated marker is used when planting garlic. It helps to maximize the landing target by ensuring that the planting material is evenly placed at the optimum depth. The beds with it are marked out quickly and effortlessly.

Both wood and metal can serve as material for manufacturing. To do this, take a metal corner 50 × 50 × 4.5 mm. Using a welding machine, round bars with a diameter of 18-20 mm and a height of 80-100 mm are welded to it with an interval of 80-150 mm. Additionally, a mount is installed under the handle. At the end of the work, the metal parts are thoroughly cleaned and coated with nitro paint.

Working with a serrated marker

It is very convenient to work with such a tool. Holding the upper part of the handle, it is enough to push it with your foot from above. The tines easily sink into the ground, even with light pressure, forming equidistant seats of a given depth.

If you don’t have a welding machine, you can make a wooden marker. To do this, take a plank of hardwood about a meter long and about 25-30 mm thick. Wooden blocks 80-100 mm long, 15-20 mm thick and a step equal to the row spacing are nailed onto it. For ease of use, a handle is attached from above. As a result of pressing it with your foot, even pits of the same depth remain in the soil, where the seeds are laid. It takes less effort to make such a marker, but it is less durable. To extend the service life, before starting work, it is advisable to soak it with linseed oil or nitro varnish.

Recently, in order to more efficiently use the land and get the maximum harvest, enthusiasts have been conducting various experiments, including on garlic beds. As a result of hard and painstaking work, the developers have patented a new technology for planting this crop.

It provides for the transition from single-tier sowing of garlic to two-tier sowing.There are two seed planting schemes:

  • the first, which implies the embedding of the cloves in one hole in two tiers with a landing step of 15 × 15 cm. In this case, one clove is deepened by 12-15 cm, and the second is only 7-8 cm above it;
  • the second, based on planting teeth in a checkerboard pattern at different depths in separate holes. In this case, the first tier is planted according to the generally accepted scheme of 15×15 cm with 7-8 cm cloves embedded. The second tier is located in the center of the square formed by four holes of the previous tier, with a depth of 12-15 cm. Due to this, the probability of the death of planting material from both tiers even in the coldest winter.

Single-tier sowing of garlic

Craftsmen have developed a special device for this planting scheme. It can be thought of as a pair of rods with pins of different lengths corresponding to the depth of the holes: one of which has pins of 7-8 cm, the other 12-15 cm. When planting, first use a rack with longer pins to get deep holes. After laying seeds in them with another rack, make small holes, put cloves of garlic in them, and level the soil.

To improve performance, the slats can be sewn together so that the pins are staggered. This will allow you to simultaneously make shallow and deep holes, speeding up the planting process and significantly saving time.

Of course, the list of devices for planting garlic is not limited to this list. Surely, in private households there are many other tools, both factory-made and made by hand.

How to choose a planter for your site

When choosing a manual seeder or attachments for a tractor, several factors must be considered:

  • the ability to make furrows of the required depth;
  • number of rows;
  • seed feed mechanism and their size.

See also When to plant garlic in the fall, how to prepare and how to treat the garden before planting?

The storage of garlic is correct and not

And now about the storage of garlic. It all starts with cleaning. Garlic is very afraid of mechanical damage. One has only to press harder on the head, or it falls from the table to the floor, such garlic will no longer be stored. I pull out the heads with the help of a sapper shovel: in my right hand there is a shovel, in my left there is a bush, and slowly push it out. I remove the earth only with my hand, in no case hit the heads against each other!

Then the garlic is sent for drying. I don’t leave it in the beds: dew and rain do not allow the garlic to dry out, it can rot.

Even as a child, my grandmother made me place garlic vertically in a barn. The walls were made of wattle fence, the room was dry and draughty. perfect for drying. I send the dug garlic to the veranda and lay it vertically along the walls in a thin layer for 10-15 days. During this time, the stems dry out, and all the nutrients pass into the head. I cut off the roots with scissors, leaving 5-10 mm, and with my thumbnail I remove the upper part of the peel shell, while the top of the teeth is exposed and the interdental sinuses open.

Link: Giant garlic (photo). the secret of growing

This is very important: in unprocessed garlic inside the sinuses, conditions are created for rotting, and in processed garlic, even if one tooth decays or dries up, the rest will remain intact.
Next. drying again

I spread newspapers in the corner of the room and sprinkle garlic in a thin layer. After a month I sort it out, and put the one that is intended for storage in a canvas bag, then in a plastic bag with holes 10-15 mm in diameter. (I tried to burn ponytails, but I got nothing besides additional dirt.) I keep this bag in the dark on the floor, and my friend. in the closet on the shelf, and the result is excellent.

Next. drying again. I spread newspapers in the corner of the room and sprinkle garlic in a thin layer. After a month, I sort it out, and put the one that is intended for storage in a canvas bag, then in a plastic bag with holes 10-15 mm in diameter. (I tried to burn ponytails, but I got nothing besides additional dirt.) I keep this bag in the dark on the floor, and my friend. in the closet on the shelf, and the result is excellent.

Try it and you will succeed!

Yu.V. KOPYLOV, Tomsk

Below are other entries “Dacha and garden. do it yourself”

Planting garlic is a great yielding method: harvesting garlic = planting
Is not…

How to store garlic: GARLIC STORES ALL WINTER
I want to tell you.

Spring or winter garlic. the differences ?: Winter and spring garlic: how.

Garlic in the Moscow region. planting and storage:
Growing garlic in the Moscow region.

Growing garlic in the Moscow region. tips for planting and care: Garlic in the Moscow region. planting.

Correct cultivation of garlic on site: Some tips for growing garlic.

Why does garlic degenerate and become smaller ?: So that the garlic does not turn yellow, do not.

Types of planters for garlic

The manual look is very economical. It is transported by hand, suitable for novice gardeners, and is manually adjusted. Landing time will take longer than using a tiller, but fuel can be saved.

A garlic planter for a tiller requires high fuel costs, but planting it is convenient, and most importantly, quickly. There are many adapters available, so the planter can be used for any model of tiller.

The four-row planter differs in that the planting of garlic occurs in four rows at once. A pinpoint fit is made possible by the precise lowering of the tines into the furrows. Planter for garlic, onion is very effective in different areas of work. The device can be homemade.

DIY garlic planter for a tiller

In order to make a garlic planter for the tiller with your own hands, you will need:

  • wooden boards (metal tools add extra weight to the unit, making the tiller’s work heavier);
  • brush wheel (driven by a chain drive);
  • a shaft with a chain attached to the front wheels of the cultivator;
  • metal layer.

A box must be built from the boards, which will later be a bunker. A wheel with seeds is installed at the back of the box. It can be adjusted to fit the seeding size.

A metal plate is attached to the bottom frame of the garlic planter, which plows the ground under the rows. The plate digs trenches for planting garlic. This type of planter can be considered universal.

The homemade version of the garlic seeder for the tiller is quick and easy to assemble. But for the accuracy of the assembly, you need to use drawings and diagrams. They indicate the exact dimensions and diameters of the unit, and this will increase the accuracy of seeding.

READ  What Can Be Done From A Tiller

Step-by-step instructions for creating a garlic planter for a tiller with your own hands are presented in the video. Tiller seeders have occupied an honorable place among agricultural equipment for many years. With their help, row planting of garlic, wheat, corn, rye, lentils and other crops is carried out.

It is advisable to use a manual seeder in medium to small areas. For a large plot of land, it is advisable to use a self-made seeder for a tiller. Any of these devices optimizes the sowing process, and improves the uniformity of seedlings.

Depending on the plants that are planted, there are several groups of seeders:

  • Combined. Have special devices for applying fertilizers to the soil.
  • Universal. For planting various crops.
  • Special. Sowing certain plants.

Having studied the algorithm of actions according to the presented drawings, you can make sure that it will not be difficult to make a seeder yourself. The use of this agricultural device will save the strength of the gardener, increase labor productivity and improve the quality of sowing.

Seeder for tiller do it yourself

Making a universal seeder for a tiller with your own hands does not take much time. This structure consists of several main parts:

  • a pair of wheels;
  • sowing roller;
  • two bearings;
  • seed box;
  • handles with bracket;
  • pairs of brackets for fixing the opener.

The seed box is made of planks (up to 15 mm). The structure is closed with steel overhead bottoms. Longitudinal and transverse walls are fastened with self-tapping screws, steel corners and spikes. At the bottom of the walls, 15 mm thick wood strips are attached.

Semicircular cutouts are made in the linings and on the walls. They are designed to fit the seeding roller. Mounting brackets are pre-mounted on them.

In the inclined bottoms, rubber plates are fixed for dropping seeds from the cells.

The diameter of the wheels of the universal seeder for the tiller is 200 mm. The size of the hubs is 60 mm, holes are provided in them equal to the diameter of the roller.

To create the opener, 1.5 mm steel is used. It is fixed to brackets.

The planting depth of the seeds is adjusted by re-securing the opener in the holes on the bracket.

Another bracket is fixed to the back of the seed box. It provides a connection of a homemade construction with a tiller. For a better understanding of the algorithm for making a seeder with your own hands, see the drawing.

Seeders for a tiller: how to make a planter with your own hands

Many farmers ask how to make a tiller seeder. In modern agriculture, motor-cultivators are increasingly used, which are supplied with various devices and designs. These tools include tiller grain seeders.

The tiller seeder is designed to evenly distribute cultivated seeds in the ground. The type and type of structures resemble those of a tractor, only several times less.

How seeders work

The chain transmission system is aggregated with the rear wheels of the equipment. The seed hopper holds the crop volume over several rows or beds. Some models have a separate container for each row. Often the seeds are mixed with some kind of filler or fertilizer.

The vegetable seeders are equipped with special brushes that loosen the seeds. At the exit from the container there is a disc that opens the hole for the culture to exit.

The designs, as a rule, are suitable for almost any cultivator, for example, the tiller Neva, Oka, etc.

Seeders for a tiller are quite convenient in the sense that the speed of planting the crop can be adjusted in advance. This is a big plus for planters for motor cultivators and other units. Another plus is that this tool can be installed on any type of tiller.

For planters, there is a classification of sowing methods:

  • privates;
  • nesting;
  • square-nested;
  • dotted (exact);
  • scattered.

For different types of seeds, different models are used: vegetable, grain, universal. But for some cultures, there is still an exception. These are the seeds of sunflower, corn and beans. Most often they use a bunker system, but sometimes they resort to vacuum ones, which are used as mini-pneumatic planters.

Vacuum seeder. it is pneumatic, precision seeder, dotted. The vacuum seeder for the tiller is SVTV 4-8. Its purpose is to plant vegetables and grains. Initially, the design is designed for 4 rows, but it can be converted into an eight-row one without drastically changing the unit.

Pneumatic seeders are used to work with weighted tillers. The set includes 4 removable drums that can sow 2 rows each. You can plant both small grains and large ones, for example, corn. Sowing depth. up to 10 cm, row width. up to 70 cm.

Homemade garlic planter for tiller is used for planting bulbous species (garlic, tulip, onion). Farmers also use this seeder for vegetables. CTB is an excellent planter for garlic. SV-6, SVTV 4-8. these models are vacuum. There is a special garlic planter specifically for garlic. The design includes small spoons that pick up the onion and guide it directly into the furrow, which is prepared in advance.

But on some models there are no plates with which the wheels burrow into the soil and compact it. However, this attribute can be made by hand.

Seeder for tiller SM-6

This seeder is used for row planting of small grains and vegetables. Number of planter rows. 6. CM-6 can also plant corn. Seeder for tiller CM-6 plants crops accurately enough. Achieve maximum accuracy from this tool by using double regulation.

You can change the number of seeds when sowing, the depth and the sowing width. For a better harvest, it is advised to combine planting with sowing cereals, bran, and other small seeds. The corn seeder CM-6 is suitable for the tiller Neva, which is the most common cultivator.

A self-made seeding planter is connected to a tiller with a machine in several ways:

  • With the AM-2 adapter, the machine can handle up to 10 hectares.
  • With one motor-cultivator, it is capable of sowing more than 10 acres.
  • With manual pull. But such a unit can sow only 5 acres.

The mechanisms for planting garlic are disassembled above: the principle of operation, how to assemble it yourself. But there is no detailed description of a planter for a tiller of a crop such as corn. Seeders are an add-on tool for attachments. That is, it will be enough to add a grain metering hopper to the main hitch, and the seeder is ready to the tiller with your own hands.

You can use a potato planter as the main hitch. Its principle is based on an exact fit in several rows, it remains only to add a hopper with rotating discs that open a hole for grain.

Do-it-yourself planter for a tiller is not particularly difficult to assemble. You just need to be smart and open the drawings, choosing the necessary dimensions for the equipment.

Dear summer residents, and which homemade seeder design for the tiller seems most convenient to you?

Do-it-yourself multifunctional trailer for a tiller: stages of work, video instruction

Having decided on the dimensions and sketching a drawing, you should calculate how many meters of rolled metal and how many channels you need to make a homemade trailer. This is necessary in order to protect yourself from unnecessary costs for the purchase of unnecessary parts and fasteners.

Required materials and tools:

  • welding machine;
  • steel corners 40×40 mm and 50×25 mm;
  • timber measuring 50×50 mm;
  • boards 20 mm thick;
  • cutting pipes of round and rectangular cross-section;
  • complete wheels with hub.

The future trailer will consist of four main units connected by welding.

  • The frame is assembled from scraps of pipes and corners 40×40 mm and 50×25 mm and the frame is connected by welding.
  • The body is made of 20 mm boards, the nodes of which are then sheathed with steel corners.
  • With the help of three supporting beams, the role of which is played by wooden beams, the body is mounted on the trailer frame.
  • Wheels are installed on the structure. Before this, it is necessary to sharpen the ends of the axle rod so that its diameter matches the dimensions of the hub bearings. It is necessary to follow the length of the rod. When assembled, the wheels must not protrude beyond the body rims.
  • Through the corner supports and gussets, the rod is welded to the body of the longitudinal joint and the side members.
  • The trailer will be attached to the tiller using a do-it-yourself console. The lower part of this element is the axis around which the pivot unit rotates. The upper part should be made so that it follows the contours of the hiller holder. The console is attached to the attachment bracket.
  • In order for the trailer wheels to work independently of the wheels of the tiller, and to make the equipment easy to operate, it is recommended to insert the drawbar into the body of the longitudinal hinge and secure with thrust rings.

The tiller trailer is ready. Now you can fix the footrest and the driver’s seat from which the equipment will be controlled.

Trailer mechanisms

You need to think over everything to the smallest detail, so that during the assembly of equipment there are no difficulties. To do this, you need to understand:

  • screwing, riveting or welding will connect non-separable units and parts;
  • how axles, bearings, bushings, hinges will be connected;
  • which seat is better to install (simple or rotating);
  • from what to make an emphasis on the legs for the parking;
  • Do you need a tipping body, to which you will have to add a mechanical tipper or a self-dumping unit with a special handle;
  • which unit of attachment to the tiller to select (on bearings, bushings or articulated).

Having dealt with all these questions, you can start preparing a list of necessary materials and calculating the approximate cost of the future trailer.

Preparatory work

First of all, you need to think about what size the trailer should be so that it fits a certain tiller, and it is convenient to use it. After that, you will need to sketch a drawing or a sketch of the trolley, on which to display the structure from different angles, put down all the dimensions and draw the nodes.

Simple trailer for the “Neva” tiller

To start making a cart with your own hands, you need to prepare the following materials and tools:

  • duralumin sheet with a thickness of 2 mm;
  • steel sheets with a thickness of 0.8 mm;
  • springs and wheels;
  • steel pipes 25×25 and 60×30 mm;
  • channel;
  • fasteners;
  • screwdriver;
  • welding machine;
  • jigsaw;
  • Angle Grinder.

The trailer frame will be a one-piece structure mounted on a wire frame grille. To make it, two traverses 25×25 mm must be made transverse and pipes 60×30 mm must be attached to them so that the result is a lattice.

Two longitudinal pipes are welded to the finished lattice, on top of which a strapping of 25×25 mm is attached by welding. Sheets of steel will serve as material for the sides, which are cut to the required dimensions and welded.

The turn of the beam has come, for the manufacture of which two channels will be needed. The elements are inserted into each other, after which the wheel axles are put on one of the ends of the resulting part.

The spar is connected by means of springs, the end of which should be put on the beam axis and the shackle axis. Then, the central part of the springs must be welded to the same beam with stepladders.

Last but not least, you need to make a drawbar with your own hands from pipes 60×30 mm. They should be docked and, by welding, one part should be attached to the trailer, and the other to the side members.

A simple tiller trailer is ready. I would like to note that experts recommend using a welding machine to connect its parts. Such a mount will allow you to operate the structure for a long time.

Do-it-yourself trolley for a tiller: dimensions, drawings, video

Equipment such as a tiller is an excellent assistant when working in the field, garden, cottage or farm. To expand the capabilities of the equipment, you can attach a towing device to it and transport soil, garbage, crops, tools and other heavy or oversized loads. You can make a trailer for the tiller with your own hands, spending just a few days on it. The result is an irreplaceable assistant that will facilitate further work.

Homemade trailer to the tiller from car parts

Having drawn up a drawing in advance and preparing the necessary materials and tools, you can assemble such a trailer with your own hands in 1-2 days.

For work you will need:

  • front axle shafts from Zhiguli or Moskvich;
  • channel 65 mm along the body length;
  • corners 60×60 mm;
  • two pipes 2 m long;
  • one pipe 60×40 mm, 3-5 m long;
  • welding machine.

The bearing part of the structure will be the axle, which is made from a channel. Its length depends on the length of the future trailer. On both sides of the channel, the axle shafts from the car are attached by welding. Profile pipes are installed on top:

  • One pipe is centered. She will act as a drawbar. Its length must be selected in accordance with the dimensions of the hitch.
  • Two-meter pipes are laid along the edges of the channel, in the place where it meets the ends of the axle shafts. As a result, the channel joint must divide each pipe in half.
  • Short pipes are laid parallel to each other and fastened along the perpendicular with corners.
READ  How To Set Up A Carburetor On A Tiller

To ensure the structure of strength and rigidity, profile corners or pipes should be pulled from the front corners of the trolley. Joints can be bolted or welded.

The trailer frame is ready. Now you can install on it a simple wooden body made with your own hands, a seat and attach it to the drawbar.

After watching the video instructions and studying the article, you can understand that in order to make a trailer for a tiller with your own hands, you do not need to be a designer or mechanic. To implement the plan, you will need a drawing, the necessary tools, materials and a little desire and free time.

Garlic planter for tiller (planting onions with a tiller).

Thanks to modern technological progress, today hard farming work has been greatly facilitated. The laborious process of sowing a variety of crops can now be replaced by machine labor. It is important not only to scatter the seeds, but also to pre-prepare the soil for sowing.

One of the common crops that farmers plant annually is garlic. So that sowing it was not such a burdensome task, agronomists use a garlic planter for the tiller produced by the Ukrainian manufacturer “AgroMarka”.

In this article, we will take a closer look at the main functions of the garlic planter to the tiller, we will talk about the advantages of using the planter for the garlic tiller.

Key principles of the unit

To save time, you can attach the garlic planter for planting garlic to the walk-behind tractor using a special adapter.

The garlic seeder for the tiller is set to a certain mode. Then the walk-behind tractor moves it along the disembarking mowing line so that the teeth fall into the soil. This method is the simplest and fastest, however, agronomists cannot avoid high fuel consumption.

Device

The principle of operation of the device is simple. Placed on the frame:

  • reducer;
  • container;
  • chain-linked sprocket.

The unit is equipped with special discs. due to this, a single layer and uniform distribution of garlic cloves occurs.

At the front, the garlic digger for the tiller is equipped with wheels. thanks to them, during operation, the device can be transported without much difficulty.

The teeth are poured into the reservoir and are spread over the ground during sowing.

With a smart machine like a tiller garlic planter, a large amount of work can be done quickly without involving a team of workers in the sowing.

We assemble the structure with our own hands

You can assemble a manual device for planting garlic to the tiller with your own hands. To make a garlic planter for a tiller, you need special drawings. It can take a few days to get to work (assembly process is slow).

To assemble a garlic planter with your own hands, you will need the following tools:

  • opener;
  • wheel;
  • rotating shaft;
  • container-box for garlic cloves;
  • brushes for adjusting the sowing flow;
  • pens.

The mechanism of operation of such a device for a tiller, like a garlic seeder for a tiller, is simple. It is necessary to achieve an even flow of garlic cloves at a certain speed. For this purpose, a box with a double bottom (or a plastic container) is used, inside which there is a movable metal plate. Above and below the holes coincide. The plate makes certain movements, due to which the flow and density of the filling are regulated. Therefore, landing occurs.

The hand-made garlic seeder for tiller can be additionally equipped with a compacting roller. Thanks to this, you can finish the disembarkation efficiently. To do this, you need to take two large plastic wheels from a toy car and fasten them together.

A do-it-yourself garlic planter for a tiller is considered a more environmentally friendly option of agricultural technology than a standard commercial garlic planter for a tiller. Manual planter for garlic tiller also saves fuel.

Garlic planter for tiller

Thanks to the progress in the development of technology, the hard work of those people and workers who are engaged in cultivating the land has been greatly simplified and facilitated.

Now the hard and lengthy work of sowing various crops has been taken over by specialized machines, as well as additional equipment.

Garlic can easily be called the most widespread as well as the demanded crop. To plant garlic, farmers use a special device that can be easily attached to a well-known vehicle and a huge helper. a tiller.

What are seeders?

Seeders are of the following types:

  • manual. capable of cultivating small areas of land. Economical to use, but it takes more time for the planting process;
  • four-row. one of the most common types of such units. Allows for sowing in 4 rows. They are characterized as fast, accurate, efficient technique, the only drawback is the pricing policy;
  • connected to a tiller is the most convenient and profitable option, since almost every “real” owner has a tiller. To carry out the work, the seeder must be set to a certain mode, after which the transport device will easily plant the garlic in the ground. This type of device is considered the most convenient, fastest, less labor-intensive, however, it requires certain costs for fuel (fuel).

What is the principle of operation of this device?

Modern models of a sowing device for a tiller are distinguished by the quality of the work performed, the small amount of time spent, and also the minimum necessary forces to perform such an activity.

The principle of operation is quite simple. It consists in the process of installing on the frame such elements as a container, a special gearbox, an asterisk together with a chain mechanism connected to it. The available specific discs help to precisely distribute the seed (cloves of garlic) into an even layer.

The garlic planter is equipped with a wheel, which provides ease of the very process of use.

Before starting the planting process, fill a special container with garlic cloves. Next, you need to prepare the soil. cut the furrows using the opener. After that, the planter for garlic sows the prepared seeds into the ground and falls asleep with the opener.

How to assemble a structure with your own hands?

Assembling a garlic planter for a tiller is easy enough. You can do it yourself. To do this, it is necessary to prepare all the necessary elements: handles, a wheel, a coulter, special brushes that regulate the seeding flow, a shaft, as well as a container for seeds. Then you should familiarize yourself with the presented drawing and create an identical unit.

The working mechanism consists in creating a uniform flow of seeds, at which a certain speed is maintained. To do this, use a container. a box with a double bottom. Inside, it is equipped with a plate, which, when moving, begins to rotate, separating one planting material.

Garlic planter for tiller

The main task of a garlic planter for a tiller, like other modern agricultural devices, is to facilitate the work of summer residents and farmers. And she does it well. The device provides quick and high-quality planting of harvested garlic cloves or bulbs in the soil at the optimum depth and distance with minimal effort.

Garlic planter: purpose and principle of operation

In addition to the standard set of additional equipment (weeding, cultivator, hiller, plow), there are many more complex mechanisms for tillers, motoblock tractors, mini tractors. These units allow you to perform work requiring a certain precision and accuracy. With significant time savings, these devices provide better results. These include:

  • Potato planters
  • Potato diggers
  • Seeders
  • Garlic planters
  • Potato diggers
  • Garlic diggers
  • Onion diggers
  • Beet diggers

The garlic planter is one of the most demanded devices during the planting of garlic, which greatly mechanizes and simplifies the process.

How it works? First, you need to process and prepare the soil, as well as calibrate the garlic. As a rule, teeth of 15 to 35 mm in size are used for planting. Please note that there are different models of garlic planters for cloves and bulbs.

The garlic planter is attached to the tiller using a special adapter or attachment. The device presets the row spacing, planting pitch and burrowing height. In the future, this will allow the plants to receive a sufficient amount of light, moisture, nutrients, which has a beneficial effect on the quality and quantity of the crop.

When the device moves forward, the opener cuts a furrow in the soil of the optimal size for seeds, then a special mechanism plants a clove of garlic, and the hiller fills the hole with soil.

Types of planters for garlic

Garlic planters can be either manual or attached to a mini tractor or tiller. It is important to choose the best option that suits the purpose and land area.

According to the principle of work, the following garlic planters are distinguished:

  • Single row
  • Double row
  • Three-row
  • Four-row for tillers and motoblock tractors
  • Four-row, six-row for mini tractors.

Some modern models are also available with removable containers, which allows you to adjust the number of rows depending on personal needs.

After mechanical planting of garlic, harvesting should be done with a garlic digger or potato digger. Detailed information and photos of these devices can be found in the corresponding section.

We assemble the structure with our own hands

You can assemble a manual device for planting garlic to the tiller with your own hands. To make a garlic planter for a tiller, you need special drawings. It can take several days to get to work (assembly process is slow).

To assemble a garlic planter with your own hands, you will need the following tools:

  • opener;
  • wheel;
  • rotating shaft;
  • container-box for garlic cloves;
  • brushes for adjusting the sowing flow;
  • pens.

The mechanism of operation of such a device for a tiller, like a garlic seeder for a tiller, is simple. It is necessary to achieve an even flow of garlic cloves at a certain speed. For this purpose, a box with a double bottom (or a plastic container) is used, inside which there is a movable metal plate. Above and below the holes coincide. The plate makes certain movements, due to which the flow and density of the filling are regulated. Therefore, landing occurs.

A do-it-yourself garlic seeder for a tiller can be additionally equipped with a compaction roller. Thanks to this, you can finish the disembarkation efficiently. To do this, you need to take two large plastic wheels from a toy car and fasten them together.

A do-it-yourself garlic planter for a tiller is considered a more environmentally friendly option of agricultural technology than a standard commercial garlic planter for a tiller. The manual planter for garlic tiller also saves fuel.

Garlic planter for tiller

Thanks to modern technological progress, today hard farming work has been greatly facilitated. The laborious process of sowing a variety of crops can now be replaced by machine labor. It is important not only to scatter the seeds, but also to pre-prepare the soil for sowing.

One of the common crops that farmers plant annually is garlic. To make planting it less burdensome, agronomists use a garlic planter for tiller.

In this article, we will take a closer look at the main functions of the garlic planter to the tiller, we will talk about the advantages of using the planter for the garlic tiller.

Key principles of the unit

To save time, you can attach the garlic planter for planting garlic to the walk-behind tractor using a special adapter.

The garlic seeder for the tiller is set to a certain mode. Then the walk-behind tractor moves it along the disembarking mowing line so that the teeth fall into the soil. This method is the simplest and fastest, however, agronomists cannot avoid high fuel consumption.

Device

Modern seeders for garlic tiller work efficiently, significantly reducing the time for sowing crops.

The principle of operation of the device is simple. Placed on the frame:

  • reducer;
  • container;
  • chain-linked sprocket.

The unit is equipped with special discs. due to this, a single layer and uniform distribution of garlic cloves occurs.

At the front, the garlic digger for the tiller is equipped with wheels. thanks to them, during operation, the device can be transported without much difficulty.

The teeth are poured into the reservoir and are spread over the ground during sowing.

With a smart machine like a tiller garlic planter, a large amount of work can be done quickly without involving a team of workers in the sowing.

Modern models of seeders for the garlic tiller save time and effort. Their use facilitates farm work. And planting garlic with a tiller becomes a quick and fun process in itself.