DIY metal band saw designs

The principle of the tape mechanism

A band sawmill is a machine that cuts logs longitudinally. Thanks to the ability to precisely adjust the position of the cutting surface, it is possible to produce lumber of various thicknesses.

metal, band

The sawmill design consists of the following main elements:

  • Band saw.
  • Clamping mechanism.
  • Frame movement mechanism.
  • Web height adjustment devices.

An electric motor with a power of at least 5 kW is installed on the machine. A sawmill can be made with an engine from a walk-behind tractor, but the noise of such an installation will be much higher than when using an electric unit.

During the operation of the installation, the torque is transmitted by means of a belt drive to the working pulleys, on which the saw band is installed. The sawing mechanism must be designed with a spring or hydraulic tensioning device for automatically adjusting the width of the extension of the pulleys in order to compensate for the thermal expansion of the metal band during operation.

For roundwood processing, a frame with an installed band saw and power unit moves along the fixed material on rails mounted on a concrete base. Adjustment of the saw blade height relative to the lower point of the sawmill is carried out by a screw mechanism, which is designed in such a way as to exclude the possibility of distortions during the operation of the unit.

To securely hold the log during the operation of the sawmill, the workpiece is placed between the guides and fixed with special hooks. After laying and fixing the log, the operator makes a smooth movement of the moving part of the installation, during which the upper part of the log is cut off. After completing one cycle, the cutting surface is lifted and the frame moves to its original position.

When using a homemade sawmill, you will need to manually move the carriage over the log, while the factory settings allow you to almost completely automate the process of making lumber. The quality of the timber or board, with the correct manufacture of the sawmill with your own hands, does not differ from the materials produced on modern equipment.

Making the foundation

Only a properly prepared base for the sawmill will allow the frame with the saw mechanism to move evenly. The slab on which the guide rails will be installed is made according to the principle of the construction of a conventional strip foundation.

The base must be poured on a gravel-sand cushion with a thickness of at least 15 cm.

To increase the strength of the slab, a metal reinforcing mesh is laid on the base before pouring the concrete. After pouring concrete, it must be cured for at least 2 weeks in order to achieve maximum strength of the base.

How to make a band sawmill with your own hands

Edged board is an environmentally friendly and easy-to-handle material, but the cost of 1 cubic meter of high-quality wood will be quite expensive. In the case when you need to purchase a large number of building materials, many home craftsmen think about making lumber on their own.

For self-production of a high-quality board or timber, you cannot do without the use of special woodworking devices. The new equipment will cost tens of thousands of rubles. Therefore, if you want to engage in the independent manufacture of such a device, the article will describe a step-by-step guide on how to make a band sawmill with your own hands with minimal financial costs.

Making a sawmill: step by step instructions

A homemade band sawmill with your own hands is mounted using wheels from a car, a belt drive and an engine.

Homemade Vertical Metal Cutting Bandsaw Part 1 : Blade Wheels

A corner or channel is used as guides. The corner is used with a cross section of at least 50-50 mm. The material is laid strictly parallel, with the inner edge up, at a pre-calculated distance.

Then sleepers are installed between the corners, which are cut from a profile pipe with a cross section of 50 100 mm. When welding transverse reinforcements, care should be taken not to overheat the guides, which can be caused by high temperatures. When the sleepers are welded to the guides, the metal structure is fixed to the concrete base using anchor bolts.

After the completion of work on fixing the rail to the concrete base, along which the carriage will move, a bed is installed in the middle part of the “railway” track for fixing the timber. To hold the round timber, an H-shaped stand with side protrusions is welded to the sleepers. The minimum rod height of the holding device must not be less than 100 mm.

Ball bearings can be used as rollers for the sawmill. For each axis of the frame, it is necessary to select 2 bearings of a larger diameter and 4. 6 smaller ones. The difference in diameter depends on the height of the corner rib. For example, if an angle of 50-50 mm is used as a guide, then the difference in the outer diameters of the bearings should be 100 mm. In this case, the inner diameters of the parts must be equal.

The manufacture of the frame begins with the installation of 2 steel pipe rails. The guides are installed in a vertical position, after which sliders are mounted on them, the inner diameter of which should be minimally different from the outer diameter of the guide pipes.

The carriage frame is welded from a shaped tube. This element should be a reliable rectangular structure, on which vertical guides will then be welded, and in the lower part. an axis with bearings.

The movement of the carriage in the vertical plane is carried out using a screw mechanism, which is installed on both sides of the guide tubes. The nut is welded to the slider and the long studs are fixed at the top of the frame. In order to ensure easy rotation of the adjusting mechanism, it is recommended to install the studs on the bearings on both sides.

To ensure synchronous rotation of the screw mechanism, small bicycle sprockets of the same diameter should be welded onto each stud, between which a chain transmission is made using a bicycle chain. To ensure constant tension of the chain mechanism, its design must necessarily have a roller, on the lever of which a spring is installed.

Wheels and hubs from a rear-wheel drive passenger car will be used as pulleys in a homemade sawmill. To ensure easy rotation of the drive, it is necessary to assemble the bearing assembly, which will be welded on both sides to the cross member of the carriage. A pulley is installed on one of the hubs, to which torque will then be transmitted from an electric or gasoline engine.

To increase the safety of using the saw mechanism, a saw support unit is installed in the lower part of the carriage near each of the wheels, which consists of an axle on which several ball bearings of a small diameter are installed. From the side of the hub, on which the pulley was installed, the power unit is mounted.

If an internal combustion engine is used, a spring-loaded roller is used to tension the V-belt drive. To tension the belt in the case of an electric motor, the unit is installed on a small platform that can be moved horizontally.

At the next stage, a container for the lubricating-washing fluid is installed on the sawmill, from which it is necessary to bring the tube to the cutting unit. Then a casing is made of a metal corner and sheet metal over the cutting unit, after which you can start the first start of a homemade woodworking installation, having previously installed a band saw between the wheels.

Drawings for a homemade sawmill

To make a drawing of a homemade machine, it is enough to draw on paper a reduced copy of the woodworking device, indicating the dimensions of each part and mechanism.

When designing a band sawmill, it is advisable to set a length of at least 6 and a width of 3 meters. Only in this case it will be possible to produce standard length lumber on a homemade device.

Based on the sketches of the woodworking installation, it will be easy to calculate the amount of materials for the manufacture of the frame and guide rails. In order to strengthen the structure between two parallel corners of the guides, transverse reinforcements must be installed, the distance between which should not exceed 1 meter.

If a do-it-yourself mini-band sawmill will be operated indoors, then you will need to make a drawing of only the main device. When placing a woodworking plant in an open area, it is advisable to make a canopy, a drawing of which should also be drawn up before proceeding with the practical implementation of this project.

What you need for a homemade sawmill

It is possible to independently manufacture complex devices and mechanisms from metal only if you have the skills to use welding equipment. Do-it-yourself band sawmill cannot be mounted without welded joints.

In addition to the welding machine, you will need to prepare the following tools for work:

  • Bulgarian.
  • Electric drill.
  • Drills for concrete and metal.
  • Pliers.
  • Spanners.
  • Locksmith clamps set.
  • Building level.
  • Nuts and bolts.
  • Concrete mixer.

To make the base of the sawmill, you will need a concrete mixer. In the absence of a factory model, the device can be made independently from a steel barrel.

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To install a homemade woodworking plant, you will need to purchase the following materials:

  • Metal corner 50 mm.
  • Rollers or ball bearings.
  • Profile pipe.
  • Steel pipe.
  • Electric or gasoline engine.
  • 2 long screws with nuts.
  • Chain transmission.
  • Wheels and hubs from a passenger car.
  • Cement, sand and crushed stone for concrete mortar.

When all the tools and materials are prepared, it is necessary to make drawings of the sawmill for wood.

A homemade sawmill on car wheels is a safe and effective device for woodworking at home. After checking and running in, the woodworking mechanism can be used not only for making boards or timber for their own needs, but also for selling to other private builders.

How to make a simple band sawmill with your own hands. instructions, drawings and materials

If we calculate what constitutes the final cost of sawn timber. the price of timber processing and transportation to the destination. it becomes clear what can be saved on. Wood blanks (boards, beams, slats) are one of the most used samples in the field of construction and repair.

Considering the simplicity of working with wood, it makes sense to engage in its “dissolution” directly on the site. It is enough just to make a sawmill. This article will acquaint you with typical drawings, the procedure for making its tape modification with your own hands and some design features.

The expediency of such a decision will become even more obvious if you look at the for factory sawmills on the websites. They are on sale, but the cost of the installations is such that most of us are unlikely to want to purchase any model for use in everyday life. Depending on the series (in rubles): “Kedr”. from 138,000 to 194,000, “Taiga”. from 116,890 to 172,400. And these are relatively inexpensive samples. Only mini-machines (about 94,000) are cheaper, but they are unlikely to satisfy all the woodworking needs of the owner of a private house.

Design features

The dimensions of the sawmill are determined depending on its location. The plots (adjoining, summer cottages or others) differ in layout, so the owner will have to choose the optimal installation size on his own. All drawings available in the access (special literature, the Internet) can only serve as “guidelines”. according to the ratio of individual parts, their linear parameters, and so on. The sawmill is made with your own hands in the way that it is more convenient to work in a specific place and with a certain type of raw material. This equipment is mainly used for breaking up logs and trimming boards.

Sawmill drawings

Below are the drawings of a simple band sawmill, which you can easily adapt to your conditions and needs, observing the proportions and principles of work:

What to consider when designing a sawmill

The design of this type of installation is good in that it can be constantly refined and improved, more accurately “adjusting” its characteristics and capabilities to the growing needs of the owner. For example, if it was originally planned to dissolve logs into boards, then it is quite possible that after a while the question of organizing its own production of timber will arise.

It is assembled according to a block-modular scheme, and in the absence of practical experience in the manufacture of complex mechanisms, it is advisable to start with the simplest options. A manually operated band sawmill will subsequently be easily equipped with automation elements (regulation of the thickness of the cut, saw feed, programmer, etc.). That is why hereinafter. general instructions for drawing up the band sawmill drawings and assembly. The author strongly recommends that you follow the sequence and mount the first installation in your life according to a simplified scheme.

There are many modifications of band sawmills. The first question is. in what plane is it supposed to cut? This determines the location of the working tool. Second. will the same type of products be manufactured or will the sawmill have to be used as a universal device? For example, not only for breaking up timber into planks, but also for cutting logs into separate segments. All this is taken into account in advance. It is desirable that the frame on which the working saw is mounted can be reinstalled.

Making a band sawmill is half the battle. Its competent operation requires certain skills in setting up. The main “pitfall” is setting and sharpening the saw. This issue should be studied in detail.!

Seat selection

If there is a suitable room, then it should be taken into account that its usable area should not be less than 18 “squares”. This is enough to dissolve even large logs on the band sawmill.

In the private sector, rarely anyone can allocate an empty building or even a compartment for installation. As a rule, woodworking has to be done outside. It is unlikely that the neighbors in adjacent areas will applaud the sawdust and small shavings flying in the wind. Yes, and their own territory will quickly become littered. Conclusion. after assembling the band sawmill, you will immediately have to engage in the construction of a solid-type fence. For example, from polycarbonate sheets or plywood.

In addition, you will have to decide in advance where the storage of the finished lumber will be organized. Therefore, next to the sawmill there should be at least a small, but free piece of land.

It is from this that one should proceed when choosing a workplace for equipment.

Support platform

A cart with lumber will move along it. Plus, a frame is attached to the rails, on which the working tool is located. The main requirements are the reliability of such a support and leveling in the horizontal plane. On what to mount it. a specially equipped foundation (for example, a columnar) or on racks dug into the ground. it is decided on the spot.

General information about the device of the band-type sawmill

There are several modifications of this type of equipment. But if we are talking about assembling a sawmill with your own hands, then the choice is small. an option with a fixed position of the saw and a movable bed (trolley) on which the workpiece is located. It is she who moves in the process of woodworking along special guides (rails). Everything else is improvements, “services” that make the work of the staff easier and ensure the quality of the products. For example, a mobile saw.

Here are some easy-to-make models of homemade band sawmills.

Features of setting up the device

A homemade wood band saw must be carefully prepared for work. To do this, it should be tested and tuned. The cutting tape must be exactly at right angles. Any slight misalignment can stop the machine and become life threatening.

Note that the cutting band should be as tight as possible. Use the driven pulley for tuning. It is with his help that you can normally adjust your machine. It should also be noted that the welding of band saws used in the manufacture (it is quite simple to do it with your own hands) will provide good strength and stability of the machine.

What materials are needed for manufacturing?

It should be noted that not the entire structure can be built from improvised means. Therefore, before making a band saw, you should assemble the necessary parts:

Wooden boards, chipboard, MDF or plywood. These materials are used to make the frame and the saw unit, as well as the pulleys.

Channel and steel bar. These parts are used to manufacture the support frame and the axle on which the pulleys will be installed.

Sheet rubber. It is used to protect wood.

Strong belt that will keep the wheels spinning on the machine.

Polyurethane adhesive for joining some parts.

Bandsaw for Metall How To Make

Fasteners: self-tapping screws, brackets, bolts, washers and rubber washers.

Electrical engine. You shouldn’t buy a very expensive model. Just decide how much power the machine should have.

Thus, a band saw can be constructed by hand. Drawings of this structure should be done, calculating each step as accurately as possible. Naturally, you can find all the schemes ready-made.

DIY band saw: drawings and manufacturing tips

For a good owner, the availability of all the necessary equipment. this is happiness. It is especially important to have various adaptations for those people who live in their own home. For example, a homemade band saw will greatly facilitate working with wood products. At the same time, as it is already clear, the device can be built by yourself from improvised materials.

What problems may arise during the manufacture of the device?

First of all, you need sophisticated equipment to do some of the work. For example, not every craftsman knows how to use a welding machine. Not everyone has a milling machine. Please note that the entire structure must be stable. In this case, one should not forget about the mass of the material that will be processed.

Not everyone can figure out the drawing. Please note that the disadvantage of such an apparatus is a fairly wide kerf. In general, if you want to build such a unit yourself, stock up on the necessary tools, material and patience.

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Instructions for the manufacture and assembly of the device

Now you should start producing the presented unit. To do this, you will have to carry out several stages:

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If you decide to make such an assembly as a band saw with your own hands, you should already have the drawings. They are the ones. recipe for success. It is worth starting with the construction of a table and a pedestal on which the mechanism will be fixed. To do this, you need a furniture board or wood.

Next, pulleys are made of plywood, which are subsequently pasted over with sheet rubber. Wooden elements must be sanded and epoxy coated.

Now you can make a frame for assembling the entire device. It can be C-shaped, which provides good tape retention. The support frame is made of a channel on which a steel axle is fitted.

Now let’s deal with the pulleys. They must be put on the axle using bushings, and at its different ends. Naturally, both pulleys need to be balanced.

In order for the tape not to vibrate, it is necessary to use a damper.

All movable parts must be connected to the electric motor.

You can also build a guiding mechanism with which the processed material will be fed. For this, metal corners are used.

Required tool

In order to start making a band saw with your own hands, you need to prepare. You need tools like this:

Naturally, you may need other tools as well. For example, a milling machine.

Which canvas should you choose?

Do-it-yourself band saws can be made from those materials that can be found at home. However, the canvas will have to be bought. Before that, it is worth deciding exactly what it should be. To do this, you need to know what you are going to cut. So, there are such canvases:

Bimetallic. They are used for cutting sufficiently strong alloys, stainless steel. At the same time, you can be sure that the tape will not burst.

Diamond. They are used when it is necessary to process marble, granite, quartz and other hardest materials.

Carbide. They can be used for cutting alloys that are quite difficult to work with.

Tool steel. Such canvases are most often used at home or in small workshops. They are most suitable for working with simple materials.

Varieties of machines

Before you start making band saws, you should understand their types. There is such a classification of devices:

Drawings for a homemade sawmill

After the selection of materials and tools, they start designing. First you need to choose a design of suitable dimensions, carry out calculations and develop a do-it-yourself sawmill drawing.

The process begins with the selection of the site for the manufacture of the device. It should be about 4 × 8 m in size. It is better to choose a closed production area. Then it will be possible to work in any weather.

When calculating for the structure, the total number of corners, metal pipes is determined. It is also necessary to calculate the distance between the rails. To do this, add 0.5 cm to the largest diameter of the wood on both sides.

You also need to stock up the distance for transverse installations between the rails. They are attached every meter of the structure. The support for the sawmill is placed at a height of 0.3 m.

Rollers, screws, bearings are made using a lathe. Before that, you need to make a drawing of these parts.

The cost of the structure is calculated individually, based on the availability of some details, design.

The manufacture of a homemade sawmill must be approached responsibly. The durability and reliability of work behind the machine depends on how well the device is made.

The structure is recommended to be made on a concrete base plate. The process of its manufacture is similar to the arrangement of a shallow foundation. To create it, you need sand and gravel up to 20 cm thick. The diameter of the product is 15 mm. In this case, the plate will firmly hold the entire structure.

Device and principle of operation

A homemade band sawmill with your own hands greatly facilitates the sawing workflow. This method reduces the loss of wood when sawing. The advantages of a self-made band sawmill:

  • High quality material processing.
  • Compact size compared to professional equipment.
  • Precision in work.
  • Affordable price.
  • Simple device design.
  • Light weight.
  • Reliable and robust system.
  • Noiselessness.
  • Easy to transport.
  • Low energy consumption.

The device of the band sawmill for woodworking is organized according to the block principle. The unit uses an automatic saw feed system, wood cutting width adjustment, an indicator showing the load on the device.

The center of gravity of the instrument is close to the ground. This allows it to stick steadily on any surface. The mass of the unit must be 2 times greater than the materials processed on the machine. The rail tracks of the band sawmill make it possible to easily move the tree in different directions, place it at different angles.

The basis of the band machine is a saw, which can be up to 70 mm. Such a device is designed for long-term use when processing large pieces of wood.

There is an electric motor above the machine, which is convenient when cutting materials. The frame for the belt installation can be made by yourself. As a rule, it is strong and holds the entire structure for a long time.

The lifting of the mechanism is carried out by means of a bearing support and additional pipes. The movements of the band sawmill are linear in the direction of the supporting parts.

The principle of operation of the belt mechanism includes several stages. First, a log is laid on the rails on it. Then it is attached to screws and stops on both sides.

The band sawmill follows a square trajectory for precision cutting. The thickness of the logs for cutting is from 2 to 7 mm.

The process must be controlled. It is necessary to set, turn, clamp and move the material. Specialized lubricating fluid provides frame cooling for extended belt life.

There are some difficulties in making a machine with your own hands:

  • during installation: using a welding machine;
  • it is difficult to make a stable surface for installation;
  • it is necessary to sharpen the tools correctly;
  • it is difficult to achieve safety when using the device.

The band sawmill is suitable for cutting wood. The place for the manufacture of the machine should be lighted, ventilated and spacious. Careful work with the cutting parts is necessary to ensure safety in the use of the device.

Tools and materials for manufacturing

You can make a band sawmill with your own hands only with the use of some tools and accessories. To make it, you need a welding machine.

The construction of the band sawmill implies the use of the following materials:

  • corners measuring 100 × 100;
  • 2 wheels from a car or plywood discs;
  • several hubs;
  • bearings;
  • profile pipe;
  • additional pipes measuring 60 × 40 mm;
  • round pipe with a diameter of 50 mm;
  • 8 bolts М16;
  • electric motor;
  • metal corner casing;
  • pipe 80 × 40 mm (for the frame);
  • rail tracks for movement;
  • sawmill holder;
  • saw;
  • wetting fluid tank.

But materials alone are not enough. To make a band sawmill, you will also need the following tools:

  • welding machine;
  • drill;
  • Bulgarian;
  • spanners;
  • measuring instruments: 50 cm ruler, tape measure, level.

For domestic use, such large structures are usually not used. For this reason, they are replaced with a mini sawmill. You can make it from a regular chainsaw. Such a device is easy to transport to any place, it is compact.

To make a mini-machine, you will need corners, a frame, metal beams. You need to start assembly from the rails or frame along which the unit will move. Holes are drilled in it, and then the fastener (bolts) is installed. The corners of the structure must be straight.

The corners must be welded to the bottom of the frame and put on the rails. The chainsaw is attached to the top of the mini-saw.

The final part of the manufacture of this device is the installation of a fastener for woodworking.

You can make a structure with your own hands in the garage, shed, utility room.

DIY band sawmill

In private construction, wood is popular. The material is inexpensive, affordable, easy to process. Many people prefer to cut the logs on their own. It’s cheaper and sometimes better. Also, sawing wood is a fun hobby. For such a hobby, you will need a band sawmill, which you can make with your own hands.

Step-by-step instructions for making a sawmill

It is necessary to start the production of a homemade band sawmill with your own hands from the manufacture of the frame.

The main construction material is a profile pipe with a cross section of 40 × 80 mm. Its wall thickness is 2 mm. This unit is both a load-bearing wall and rails. The frame is about 6 m long and 92 cm wide.This size of the device is suitable for cutting trees up to 4 m long.To cut longer logs, the frame can be lengthened.

The frame contains transverse inserts made of 60 × 40 mm pipe, round pipes with a diameter of 50 mm.

On the pipe there are swivel clamps for the log. They can be made from a piece of pipe with a welded stand. Hooks are located on the pipes, which are made of reinforcement.

Next, you need to weld the folding stops to the frame at an angle of 90 degrees.

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During the cut, the logs are pressed against this part. This part is necessary to hold the tree. Stops can be secured using conventional bolts.

Holds the structure with 8 M16 bolts.

The logs will slide along the frame with the help of bearings. The frame is made of 80 × 40 mm tube.

It also houses a vertical frame that contains an electric motor, guide wheels for the saw and the saw itself.

One wheel is stationary, and the movement of the other can be adjusted using a threaded rod. It is necessary to place the tape on the wheels. They are supported by several bearings.

One of the assemblies contains a part for automatic lubrication of the saw. It contains a felt with a dropper, which is constantly replenished with diesel fuel.

A three-phase electric motor with a power of 4.5 kW must be located on top of the entire structure.

To move the carriage, a screw mechanism is built into the structure on both sides. A metal corner guard is built into the saw. After that, you can start a homemade tree sawing machine.

After assembling the self-made tape device, it is necessary to check the fasteners and assemblies, as well as its stability.

It is not difficult to work with such a setup. To do this, just lay the log on the frame and turn on the electric motor. During the operation of the device, you need to smoothly move and move the trolley with wood. It is recommended that you sharpen the saw carefully before starting each cut.

Saw wheels

It is quite appropriate here to use those materials that were rejected earlier. For example, MDF or chipboard. The design, on the basis of which the band saw is assembled, provides for the size of wheels with a diameter of forty centimeters. The thickness can be different, but of the order of two to three centimeters.

The construction is also glued here, from several layers.

The crucial moment, as you might guess, is the central part.

You can make wheels on a milling machine. For convenience, immediately drill a hole in the center to align the circles, and also try to leave about a centimeter for finishing after assembly.

You need shafts for finished bearings, with a stop and female threads on opposite sides. Flanges can be made from the same plywood. They consist of two parts. the first holds the bearing, and the second provides a gap between it and the wheel itself.

The diameter of the drilled hole should not strictly correspond to the threaded shaft. it is better that the first one is slightly larger than the last.

You will need two wheels, since the band saw for metal or wood provides for this design. They are the same size and are made at the same time.

Also, to prevent the saw band from slipping, you can give the initially round wheels a slightly barrel-shaped shape. this will help to avoid many problems. The angle of the bevel on each side must be made at five degrees.

On one of the wheels, install a standard drive pulley, fitted to the used belt.

The last part of the work is balancing. For this, small bearings are used to support the belt. The temporary axle is fixed horizontally, the bearings mentioned above are installed and a light rotation is started.

To improve performance, several indentations can be made at the bottom of the rear of the wheel. this helps to avoid rotation in any position.

Do-it-yourself band saw for wood and metal

If you have any hobby, special tools are usually required. Hobbies are different, respectively, the amount of technology is also amazing. It can be very complex or as simple as a Soviet penny. The first, for example, is a band saw for wood or metal. They use it, of course, not only to satisfy their creative needs, but also for more serious work. For example, for renovation.

Why do it yourself?

  • A price that may seem too high for the average person.
  • Functionality. the point here is that a band saw is far from always included in the list of mandatory tools for a workshop. Most of the operations can be done without her help, which means that there is no reason to purchase an overly expensive unit.

The second reason mainly follows from the first. if the price were not too high, then the majority would have acquired such a tool. This is logical, because it is very convenient to work on it.

Wheel fixing

The top is installed first. Washers are put on the shaft. The wheel itself must be secured with a bolt plus a thick washer. All this is screwed into the end of the shaft. Adjust it parallel to the frame using the adjusting screws.

The lower wheel block is secured with clamps, after which it is hung on the frame. Next, place the wheels so that they represent one plane, at the same time parallel to the vertical rack. Then do not forget to fix the lower shaft.

Saw frame

It is the main bearing element of the entire structure. You need to use a strong tree. in no case, not chipboard, not MDF, plywood or furniture board. A pine inch is perfect for such a purpose.

Frame shape. C-shaped. Above, you need to make the basis for the guides of the tension mechanism with the upper wheel. On the opposite side, two supports are fixed, which in the future will be connected to the base. The structure itself is multi-layered. about six layers for strength. But that’s not counting the additional overlays.

Phased gluing is fraught with distortion and inaccuracies. Therefore, you need to strictly control the perpendicularity of the elements. You can also make a frame without supporting legs, but be sure to leave the grooves of the desired size for them.

Adjusting the Saw Blade Guides

Some skill is required here. press one end of the tape (which is smooth) against the outer ring of the bearing.

From the sides, it must be held. You can use fluoroplastic “crackers”, but a tree is better suited. the latter wears out more slowly.

Protective cover. just a cut pipe, securely fastened with self-tapping screws or screws.

The tire must be set with the utmost precision. for the band saw, any misalignment will become noticeable. The tire is fastened to the frame using a groove. You can mark everything on a wide canvas.

If you make a mistake with the groove, then just widen it and make a corner of metal and a spacer from pieces of paper glued to it. Thus, the tape should fit straight. The corner, of course, must be carefully secured.

The latch is equipped with two holes. The first is used in order to press the tire as securely as possible, and the second is used only when working with very thick workpieces. It allows you to lift the first part.

What is this tool?

The band saw is a cutting tool equipped with multiple cutters.

Actually, only the cutting surface is called this way, and the tool itself is called a machine. And it is precisely this that can be called a working technique. The band saw itself is a metal band, preferably steel, which is rolled into a ring. On one side, teeth are cut, which allow it to work as a cutting tool.

This belt must be installed on a pair of rotating pulleys of the machine. an electric motor with a mains connection is used to create movement. This allows you to create both straight and curved cuts.

Upper wheel motor block

This is the second step to getting your hands on a wood and metal band saw. The block is a movable structural element that provides belt tension.

Installation takes place on the already prepared frame. the horns of the letter “C”, which remained empty. You need to secure the profile (preferably hardwood). It is a wooden rectangular frame, inside which a movable holder for the upper wheel shaft is installed.

The corner joints of the frame can be reinforced with inserts. In this kind of work, reliability comes first.

Next, you need to cut the corner grooves for the inserts in the corners of the frame.

The block itself must move freely. In the upper part, make a hole for a long bolt. this way the band saw for metal will be able to adjust the tension.

The tilt adjustment must be installed in the shaft holder. usually a screw is used for this purpose. The holder itself is fixed in place with two self-tapping screws. To achieve the mobility needed in the future, you need to leave enough backlash.

A metal lining is installed under the screw, and the shaft itself after adjustment will be fixed with another self-tapping screw.