DIY ribbon saw. Production of structural elements

Assembly of homemade tape pylorama from plywood

Wood is a material in demand in construction: houses and household buildings are erected from the beam, floors are made from the boards, they finish the walls. For sawing lumber in domestic conditions, tape saws are often used often. Factory equipment models are not available to everyone due to a fairly high cost. But you can save by making a tape saw with your own hands. Depending on the size and the installed cutting canvas, it will also be possible to work with different metals and their alloys, stone, synthetic materials, for example, polypropylene.

Different variants of machines with tape saws are offered domestic inventors. For self.assembly, a model of sawmill with a vertical location of the cutting canvas, consisting of the following main nodes and parts: is suitable:

These structural elements of the machine and smaller parts with basic sizes are schematically represented in the drawing below.

As a drive, electric motors operating from a network with a voltage of 220 V are often used very often.over, the more massive it is planned to cut the workpieces, the more powerful it is recommended to install the engine. Three.phase motors (designed for 380 V) are also used. But for stationary networks, this option is associated with some additional problems: you will need to adapt the electric motor to the 220 V network, installing a phase.moving and start.up capacitors for this. Instead of electric ones, it is quite possible to use gasoline (diesel) internal combustion engines.

Continuous cutting canvas is fixed on pulleys. Circling the blanks occurs due to its movement along the closed oval or circular trajectory.

You can make a small desktop machine. The model from an electrician is shown in the photo below. Focusing on it, collect the device will not cause any problems, even without a detailed description of the whole process.

Important! In general, the dimensions of the created equipment depend on the upcoming tasks that are planned to be solved with its help. For the dissolution of logs on a beam or boards, a large.sized unit will be required. Owners of apartments with loggias are suitable only for a desktop mini-station.

Preparatory events

Before starting assembly measures, guided by the drawing, you should prepare the necessary materials and tools. This will allow, first of all, to navigate whether there is everything you need for work (you need to buy the missing), and also not be distracted during the process along the trifles of trifles.

Necessary materials and tools

To make a strip saw, the following materials and details will be required:

  • boards or a sheet of plywood (or woody stove) from which the frame, table, pulleys will be made;
  • sheet steel (for saw);
  • a channel used to create a support frame, or metal corners, or wooden bars and rails;
  • bearings;
  • steel rod. for the manufacture of pulleys of pulleys;
  • electric motor;
  • screws, bolts with nuts and washers;
  • polyurethane glue;
  • rubber from a bicycle chamber;
  • textile;
  • bushings;
  • Briver belt;
  • varnish or paint.

Recommended thickness of the boards. 20 mm. It is better to give preference to lumber from durable and solid wood.

The work will require the following tools:

  • electric screwdriver (with drills);
  • a hammer;
  • wrench (size for bolts);
  • screwdrivers;
  • pliers;
  • Sander;
  • corner grinder;
  • grinder;
  • Electric.

Power tools can be replaced by their manual analogues. But in this case, the assembly will require more time and labor costs. When using metal corners or a channel, instead of wooden bars, you will also need a welding machine and electrodes. The use of bolt compounds creates additional problems with a tight fit of details.

Recommendations for choosing a tape canvas

It is quite difficult to make a cutting canvas with your own hands. For these purposes, you need instrumental steel of brands U8 or U10. The saw should be flexible. Its thickness for relatively soft wood is from 0.2 to 0.4 mm, and for solid. from 0.4 to 0.8 mm. The length of the canvas in the assembled version of the machine will be about 1.7 m. You need to independently cut the teeth, correctly dilute and sharpen them. To solder the tape in a continuous ring (at the same time), you will need to use a gas burner and solder. The connecting seam must be polished after.

It is much easier and more convenient to purchase a ready.made cutting canvas of good quality in the store so as not to waste time making it. The width of the products is from 18 to 88 mm. At the same time, you need to focus on the material that has to be sprinkled. Manufacturers offer such types of saws according to this criterion:

  • bimetallic, designed to perform metal work (stainless steel and relatively strong alloys);
  • diamond, with which you can saw marble, quartz, granite and other solid materials;
  • carbide, allowing to process high.strength alloys;
  • from strips of instrumental steel used for sawing wood.

The last variety is often equipped with machines collected in household conditions. This is due to its price availability and practicality. But if you have to work with solid materials, then it is better to purchase a more solid, wear.resistant and expensive saw to reduce the probability of a rupture of the tape to a minimum.

If it is planned to make a curly cutter using a ribbon saw, then you need to select the width of the canvas taking into account the radius of rounding. Some ratios between these values ​​are shown in the following photography.

Advice! For even longitudinal sawing of lumber, wide cutting canvases should be used. They allow you to perform a more even cut.

When choosing a wood saw, you also need to take into account the step of its teeth (the distance between their centers). The hardness of the wood depends on this, which can be sawed. The following are the most common teeth profiles, their marking and scope.

You need to pay attention to the quality of sharpening of teeth. The cutting edge should be acute and even. You should also ask the sales assistant about the opportunity to hide it again and how many times it can be done. For your own safety, it is recommended to give preference to better canvases.

Important! For installation on the machine, it is better to choose universal saws suitable for processing wood of different hardness. This will allow you to change such canvases much less when replacing the processed material.

Assembly of the frame

Gathering the frame of the strip saw, it is better to give preference to hard and strong wooden breeds. Otherwise, the final design will not have the required rigidity and begin to create vibrations. Separate elements, including the desktop, are made of durable plywood, and stiffener ribs are additionally enhanced by rails. The most affordable option is to dismantle old furniture.

First of all, at home, you need to draw up drawings on the basis of which the frame will be assembled. They are created taking into account the height of the working room and the physiological characteristics of a person who will work behind a saw.

How to choose a tape saw on wood?

A good woodworking machine is expensive, you need to approach the purchase of such a tool responsibly. Thinking about which tape saw on wood to choose, it is necessary to weigh and correlate the parameters of the tool and your own needs. According to the characteristics of the tape type sawmill, they are divided into several types, you should choose a saw for yourself, given the important characteristics:

Hand ribbon saw on wood

Small in size tools are not inferior in their properties to professional machines for large.scale production. The mini.ribbon saw on wood will serve as a faithful master, and will surely come in handy on the farm, with its help you can easily and simply perform different actions:

Installation of a bar and shoes for pulleys

The most primitive tape saws created by yourself with a frame of plywood or logs have a support bar with a thickness of 8×8 cm. 2 strong supports are attached to it, which will hold the pulleys. It is advisable for strip saws to create supports of strong materials, including multilayer plywood with a hard core.

The distance between them is selected in such a way that the processed log can be placed there. Experts recommend making a small gap to prevent possible problems in the future.

Assembly of the desktop

When creating a string machine for divorcing wood with your own hands, you need to pay attention to its size. The comfortable height of the strip saw is selected depending on the features of the building and the person. The main thing is that the lower and drive pulley, power unit and a large amount of shavings are normally placed in free space. Any form is chosen, but most users stop at the option of a closed cabinet, which becomes a natural container for sawdust.

At the stage of installation of the desktop for a strip saw with your own hands, it is necessary to provide a convenient way to open and place the pallet. this will conveniently clean the saw.

The countertop is installed on the lower support. If its height is small, you need to create a stand for the entire structure.

Fabric for tape and other saws

The saw canvas is the basis for a homemade saw. Such canvases are most often ordered in special plants for the production of metal paintings for various actions.

Aluminum canvases are cheaper, but they have less density and stability. But, if you add to aluminum of any auxiliary substance, you can get a more stable alloy. This must be addressed to the manufacturer.

It is best to use aluminum alloys with zinc or iron, since their corrosion is not poisonous.

DIY ribbon saw. on

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Making saw wheels

Saw wheels have a diameter of 400 mm. They just need to be made from plywood or wood.fiber slab. My wheels came out 29 mm thick. Glued them from three plywood circles. The most responsible site here is the central part of the wheels. I cut the blanks with a milling machine. In the center of the circle drilled a hole of 0 6 mm and the center of the milling circul was installed in it. Then this hole used to combine blanks and gluing. Cut circles with an allowance of 10 mm for finishing processing. Shafts 0 25 mm (for purchased bearings) made me a turner. They have a limiter on the one hand, and on the other, the internal thread M12. For the manufacture of flanges, I used the plywood. Before drilling holes into them under the bearing, drilled a hole of 0 6 mm in the center and, combining it with the center of the wheel, drilled four holes for dadies. The position of the flange on the wheel marked. The flange consists of two parts. The outer part 15 mm thick holds the bearing, and the internal one. 10 mm thick forms the gap between the wheel and the bearing. The diameter of the hole in the wheel should be slightly larger than the diameter of the shaft. The most responsible operation is to drill a hole with a diameter of 52 mm under the bearing in the outer part of the flange. Especially for this, I bought a ring saw of 0 52 mm and after the check passed it in an outer diameter by 0.3 mm. Then he pressed the bearings with the help of a kiyanka. Before gluing the flanges to the wheel, the shaft of the lower wheel was cut out. a wooden bar with a shaft opening, which is attached from the bottom of the frame. It is undesirable to drill a hole directly in the frame: it is likely that the drill will take. The holder is easier to turn the angle desired for correction. In the wheels, he drilled four technological holes so that they could pass the clamps when gluing in them. Immediately after gluing the wheel, put it on the shaft. Thanks to the preliminary centering of flanges and drilled holes for dadies, one of my assembled wheels practically had no beating, but the second had an uncritical “eight” up to 3 mm. To fit the wheel in size in diameter and to form the profile, it was necessary to connect the wheel to the engine. At the first stage, he used a temporary pulley of plywood. screwed it with self.tapping screws to the wheel. I pulled the engine pulley using the engine itself, and then connected the engine and a temporary wheel pulley belt with a belt. Fixing the wheel, screwed the wooden block as an stop and wrapped up the wheel to 0 400 mm using turners. The diameter of the wheel on the shaft is difficult to control, so I measured the length of the circle. It is 1,256 mm. The processed edge of the wheel gave a barrel.shaped shape. Thanks to this, the tape does not slip off the wheel, but, on the contrary, self.entrusts on it. The bevel angle should be 5 degrees on each side.

When all the details were ready, I glued the flanges to the wheel. 13. As a holder, he used a lower shaft mounting unit. fourteen.The wheel was ground to the desired diameter, giving the edge a barrel.shaped shape. Bevel in each direction. about 5 degrees. fifteen.After preliminary assembly of the wheels. 16.Guide complete with blocks of supporting bearings. 17. The guide with the upper support bearing has been installed, but so far without “crackers”. Rubber chambers are stretched on the wheels (after the final assembly they need to be glued). eighteen.The support of the desktop was equipped with an adjustment in one plane. the mechanism of inclination

Having made both wheels, on one of them installed a full.time drive pulley (read about such a solution here). It adjusted its thickness and shape to the belt used, and the diameter was calculated so that the speed of the saw tape canvas was approximately 800 m/min. Now it was possible to only tolerate the wheels. To do this, I took bearings with an external 0 22 mm. Then they used them as supporting for a saw canvas. Having fixed the horizontally temporary axis and putting on the bearings on it, installed the wheel so that it would easily rotate, and its heavier part would fall downward. Drill Forstner made small recesses in the lower wheel zone on the back. As a result of such manipulations, I achieved to ensure that the wheel ceases to rotate in any position. This is where the balancing is over. The wheels covered two layers varnish.

Link: DIY grinding tape. photo and design

Then on the wheels pulled cut cameras from 16 ″ wheels of a children’s bicycle. The rubber protects the wheels from damage to the cloth, reduces noise and prevents slippage. Balancing, however, had to repeat.

Independent connection of parts

After a thorough preparatory process, they start assembling the device

It is important not to rush and check the quality of the compounds of parts well

The assembly of home.made tape pylors from the manufacture of the table with a cabinet begins. The mechanism will be located on this table. For its assembly you will need wooden bars, furniture shield. The convenient table height, the diameter of the pulleys is calculated in advance. The table should be comfortable and contain pulleys and engine.

The desired tools should be placed on the table and there is a place to collect chips. It is advisable to immediately think through the tray for waste. The saw cleaning will be easier and more convenient.

ribbon, production, structural, elements

If there are no ready, then you need to make homemade pulleys. They can be cut out of plywood. Then the blanks are polished, covered with epoxy resin. A hole for roller bearings is drilled in the center of the pulley. The bearing itself for stability is fixed in the clutch from textolite. After that, the wheels are glued with tape rubber. The diameter of the pulleys is allowed. Nevertheless, the diameter of the pulley, the longer the service life of the saw.

The canvas depends on the size of the pulley. A very good ratio is 1/1000 of the saw canvas to the diameter of the pulley. In other words, if there is a pulley with a diameter of forty centimeters, then a four.millimeter tape is suitable. When the pulley is installed, it is necessary to ensure that the bearing shaft is perpendicular. Even with a slight deviation, a wheel beating will be observed, as a result of which the tape will jump off.

The next stage is the assembly of the support frame. The whole device will be attached to it. The frame is made from the corner channel and can have a C-shaped shape. This form remarkably holds the tape. A metal axis is put on a channel. Frame or bed is the most important part of the structure.

Pulleys are planted on the axis with the help of bushings. After that, they achieve their balance. Doves are used against vibration of the tape. Attach mobile parts to the engine. It must be borne in mind that the average rotation speed of the strip saw is from 700 to 900 rpm. This parameter must be taken into account when the diameter of the drive pulleys is calculated.

It is best to put a protective casing on the engine. He will protect the drive mechanism from the hit of fine dust and chips.

Metal corners are fixed for the convenience of serving the processed material. They create a guide mechanism.

Wooden parts must be astrated, painted or varnished. On the one hand, this is aesthetically pleasing and lengthens the service life of the product, and on the other hand, protects the hands of a striped tree working from leafy. Before painting, the wood is cleaned with a small skin and treated with liquids that prevent decay of the tree.

Setting, checking and sharpening

Before starting work, it is necessary to check and configure the device. You must make sure that the tape forms a right angle. The slightest deviation can lead to a breakdown of the machine and even injure. With the help of a led pulley, the tape is pulled. Achieve maximum tension of the cutting tape.

Sharpening of stripes is simple and affordable. The technology has been tested by many masters. A special machine and a little patience are needed. First, the initial sharpening is produced, that is, they restore symmetry, the teeth of the saw are aligned, and small cracks are removed on the edges. Then the saw and metal sawdust is cleaned and wiring, restoring the rear and front angles.

The final effect is final sharpening. It is she who gives the teeth the necessary severity and eliminates various distortions.

DIY ribbon saw. Part 2.

In order for the saw do not move when sawing, you need stubborn bearings. The knot consists of three bearings and two corners.The holes must be made oval to adjust the gaps between them and the tape. There are two such nodes. The second is placed under the table.

The retractable rod consists of two cooked corners and an inserted profile pipe. Fixed by a bolt through a welded nut. The bar body is screwed with bolts to the horizontal corner and has mobility for adjusting.

The base and table frame is also welded. A sheet is screwed on the frame.

The protection of the tape from the opposite of the cutting of the side, and the box on the upper wheel was established.

In the old motor, an anchor was closed, and it had to be replaced. He moved to the other side, as he interfered with the tilt of the table.

Here is such a machine.TTX. Height 112 cm.Width 82 cm.Depth 54 cm.This is with the table. If you remove it, then the dimensions will be smaller.Width 62 cm.Depth 37 cm. details about all nodes in the video.Thank you for your attention.

Tags: sam_stolar, sam_kulibin, tape saw

Log in or register to write Комментарии и мнения владельцев, ask questions and participate in the discussion.

Very competently done!Denis ! Pretty boy !

It is better not to look at the cocepies blog! then called “do it yourself”

It can be seen what is done without drawings and how it will turn out. Of course it works, maybe norms, it looks like PPC collective farm

I don’t need beauty, the main thing is functionality.

It can be seen what is done without drawings and how it will turn out. Of course it works, maybe norms, it looks like PPC collective farm

Drawings are not a panacea, even at some large enterprises there are testing workshops. In particular, in our city on Polygrahamash, this was at one time, in this workshop the finalization of the mechanisms went, which the designer with seven names in the forehead invented. What to say about garage deeds. I myself have repeatedly watched how people made something and cut off and redo it ten times. And no drawings will help from some of the fact that there is not enough qualifications in this direction, as well as due to the lack of high-precision equipment. And the views of the person who made the mechanism on the knee will be thousands of times more, because it is affordable technically.

Unfortunately, in our city there is no longer a polygraphmash with you, on which I managed to work from the Locksmith of the IC to ING designer. The plant and the design bureau were on top. And I agree about the lack of qualifications. But no one forbids to measure a hundred times, draw on paper, etc

ribbon, production, structural, elements

And I have from 2007 to 2008, I left the collapsing enterprise, to the crisis itself, although I liked it, I worked in the assembly).

I agree, the work is interesting, the team was excellent. He also worked in the assembly at first. In the group of lubrication and pneumatics

No need to swim the tape canvas on the rubber when the rubber is stuck, leave it like that if you are afraid of slipping when starting it is better to put a smooth start, and slippage to you will not break their lines when you have a bit of biting.

thanks for the advice. There is no slippage. Smooth start can be set in arduino firmware. I thought it would be softer to work and extend the service for wheels.

Even in Kulibin Club, place and “tools” Well, look at yourself there are a lot of communities, and you just squeezed in two post.

How to make a Scroll Saw Ribbon Box. woodworking project

And the meaning? So that more people look. Spam smells.

I’m hinting at that, nafik is placed in different communities?for rating?I am signed in many, and my tape imagine what two looks like and there are three posts the same.A little picks up.

What toilet are going to saw? 40 cm will pull?

I have a height 23 cm. maximum. Scraps into rails and beams, wood-cutting stove, plywood, birch suvel on knives hilt.

Otherwise I thought the boards would do. And they did not wonder how much the machine is for a small sawmill

A friend has a gasoline engine. I took a new one, about 2000. Saws boards, timber, and t. D.

The tape rests right on the bearing? She will eat him before his resource ends. And what engine do you have? Why with a phase anchor? Do you really need to adjust the speed

It does not reach the bearing gender mm mm. Rests against it only when pressing in sawing mode. On factory machines the same system. And as for the engine, it was just like that, and adjusting the revolutions can be selected the optimal mode of tape speed depending on the hardness of the material.

How much kW is a motor, if not a secret? And how much is the tape

Motor 300 watts, ribbon 1830 by16 mm. About 10-12

The bearings will most likely be consumable, especially the one on which the tape rests with the edge.

It is very sad to observe that there are many people who seem to have hands not out of the crash, but completely meager knowledge in the match.Stop bearing is a stubborn bearing. And what is here is supportive

ribbon, production, structural, elements

oh, how many times have you thrown over me for such Комментарии и мнения владельцев.Of the recent, the rear headlights are on their cars, instead of lanterns.)))

Guys, what’s the difference, the headlights are there or the lanterns? If they are rear, then no one will look for them under the hood. Or a stubborn or stubborn After all, the author indicated for himself what he needs, that this function would perform. Well, as it designated an understandable and affordable name. Who is worse from this?

Preparation for the assembly of sawmills

Of course, in our time you can purchase ready.made materials and industrial factory tape sawmill. But often this is due to large financial costs. It is more profitable and practical to collect a strip saw according to the finished drawings with your own hands. This is especially true if there is a private house or garage. In this case, the sawmill is justified in domestic conditions.

To assemble your own sawmills, it is necessary to have drawings, cutting canvas, some details and study a little theory. The diagram should reflect the sizes and the materials used.

The choice of the size of the tool

The length and width of the saw depend on the corresponding parameters of the machine. To clarify the recommendations and instructions for the machine, as well as drawings of a tape saw on wood with your own hands.

General recommendations when choosing the best option:

  • For longitudinal cutting, wide strip saws are used, since they have the most even sawing.
  • Thin blanks require thin saws. The thicker the details and thinner details, the more chances to damage the workpiece.
  • When cutting rounding or figure cutting, the width of the cutting canvas should be less than the radius of rounding. The width of modern saws ranges from 14 to 88 mm. Typically, for most works, 35-40 mm is enough.

The value of the teeth is wiring

Step of teeth is the distance between the sharp edges of the saw. For the correct and efficient use of the tool, you need to adhere to general rules:

  • When processing thin material, a saw has large teeth. In this case, the step of the teeth should be uniform.
  • If the cutting surface is long, then a constant frequent step should be suitable for the saw.
  • To cut natural or synthetic paintings, canvases with variable teeth are needed. Such a saw when working with a soft structure will not be clogged and the speed of work will increase.

The quality of cutting depends on dental wiring. The better wiring, the lower the level of vibration and the longer the saw itself will last:

  • A wavy profile is suitable for working with thin materials or small blanks.
  • The standard profile is used for contour cutting or processing volumetric parts. This profile has a alternate arrangement of incisors in different directions of the canvas, while one segment is located in the center.
  • Teeth located in pairs in both directions form a variable profile. It has a reduced load on the cutting edge. The unit itself costs more, but more durable.

Before purchasing a specific saw, it is necessary to find out if there is the possibility of repeated sharpening and how many cycles can withstand the material of the canvas.

In accordance with the material, there is the following classification of paintings:

  • Bimetallic. To work with stainless steel or strong alloys. The tape has increased strength.
  • Diamond. This is the processing of stone material, various minerals. Diamond, quartz, marble.
  • Chards. Cutting alloys.
  • Instrumental steel tape. Excellent choice when cutting simple materials. This type of canvases is most often used in small workshops or home.

Latu sawing machines are one of the in demand for metal processing equipment. On these mechanisms with high power, straight and curly cuts of various types of blanks are performed: sheets, pipes of round, square and rectangular cross.section, profile rental.

Bigazine tape machine 8l131. Photos of the sterbrust

Cutting on strip machines is characterized by high performance and accuracy, insignificant metal losses, the ability to regulate the angle of sawing and performing workpiece processing, which are collected in packs. This is what makes cars popular.

Ribbon vertical machine SRZ-200-02. Photo factory

A large number of types of tape mechanisms allows performers to choose the optimal solution:

  • automatic, semi.automatic and manual;
  • vertical and horizontal;
  • one and two-column (rack);
  • desktop and floor;
  • with a rotary and non.rotational table;
  • with CNC;
  • Hydraulic.

But this equipment also has an important drawback. this is a high cost, which depends on the type of machine. The alternative is simple. the manufacture (assembly) of the car with your own hands.

Making a home.made device

The main elements of home.made sawmills are the frame, the motor and, in fact, the saw. Engines with a capacity of 10 kW have proven themselves well. The power of such an engine allows you to cut any logs practical.

The gasoline engine should fit into the housing of a home.made tape saw on wood. The drawings should indicate the permissible parameters.

The following materials will be required to make a home.made strip saw:

  • Wooden shields, plywood sheets. They are suitable for the manufacture of a frame, pulleys and a saw cabinet.
  • Sheet steel. The cutting canvas is made from it. You can purchase a finished canvas in the store.
  • Steel Prut and Channeller. The pulleys are installed on the axes and the support frame made from these parts.
  • Leaf rubber. I need to create a protective layer of wooden details of the sawmill.
  • Belt. To transmit rotation from engine to wheels.
  • Polyurethane glue. Necessary for gluing wooden parts.
  • Various elements of fasteners. Brackets, bolts, screws, washers, nuts.
  • Electric or gasoline engine.

Pulleys in the manufacture of homemade strip sawmills are suitable from any technique. Their necessary diameter. about thirty centimeters.

Directors are made from metal pipes. Several pipes of semi.inch diameter and a little more. In this case, pipes of a larger diameter are freely dressed on pipes smaller with a gap of about 0.5 millimeters.

DIY ��Ribbon bow �� мк майстер-клас бант зі стрічки 4 см

Read also: How to make a hunting knife made of wood

The tool that is needed:

  • Welding device.
  • Current machine and cutting machine.
  • electric screwdriver, screwdrivers. straight and cross.
  • A hammer.
  • Corner grinder.

You may also need a milling machine or welding machine.

Before starting work, you need to study the disk sawmill with your own hands drawings. A good drawing contributes to the rapid manufacture of sawmills. We must make sure of all the necessary details.

Production recommendations

Home.made strip saw consists of several main elements. First of all, this is a frame. The rest of the components will be attached to it. An electric motor is mounted on the frame, which is connected to the pulley. You also need to make a device for feeding a log (or other wooden workpiece) for the saw.

We go to the pulleys. There are two pieces in the design. At the same time, the right pulley will be driven, so the rigid fixation does not require. It must be equipped with a spring that is responsible for stretching the canvas. The left pulley, which is the leader, is fixed hard in its place.

The pulleys themselves are mounted on special guides made of pipes. In this case, it is necessary to provide their fixation using bolts. Pulleys must be tapped so that the edges of the tape protrude a couple of centimeters. Also, the cutting canvas itself is installed with a small slope. In this case, it will be pulled by itself, which will prevent the fall of the tape during the operation of the machine.

The tape tension mechanism: 14. upper support, 15. adjusting screw, 16. slider, 17. cover, 18. screw M4, 19. bearing 60203, 20. oil segment, 21. end puck, 22. Grover washer

The mounting unit of the sawing tape (lower pulley) is 1- lower pulley of the tape drive, 4- a wedge belt, 7- a rifle rod, 11- belt drive pulleys, 19- bearing 60203, 23- puck, 24- stop-bolt m6, 25- distance sleeve. 26. B: 27 case, 28 lid, 28. shaft.

After preparation, all the details are mounted on the frame. The pulleys are connected to the electric motor using belt transmission (you can mount chain gear). Next, buttons are installed on and a hand.based wood saw on a tree is ready for use.

A very important element of such a machine is a cutting canvas. Some masters make a saw with their own hands. To do this, you can purchase special blanks from steel stripes. Further, using templates, sharpening is done.

The blanks are available in the form of stripes, and for the machine you need a “ring”. For this, the workpieces are welded. In this case, it is necessary to use a complex method. The fact is that the overlap will turn out not. Connection of the strip in a single ring is made in the end. After welding the connection site is carefully sanded.

This difficulty in making a cutting canvas forces many to buy ready.made saws. Today in stores a large assortment of such products. The main thing is to choose the size of the cutting canvas so that it approaches your pulleys.

In addition, when choosing a saw, you should pay attention to the thickness. The larger this indicator, the greater the radius of the rounding of the canvas. For a more accurate selection, you can use special tables.

Recommendations for operation ribbon saw can quickly recoup the time and means spent on its production. But this will correspond to the truth if you follow the recommendations for the operation of such equipment. Specialists give such advice:

it is necessary to correctly pull the cutting canvas. The magnitude of such a tension will depend on the brand used in the manufacture of steel saw, as well as its width. This indicator can be measured using a special device. “tyrzometer”;

Do not think that the saw will be able to work out continuously for a long time. Experts recommend the following mode of operation-two hours cut, then the canvas is removed and hung in free condition for 12-24 hours. In this way, you can extend the service life of the saw;

Always use grease, especially if you saw fresh wood. The newly cut trees have abundant resin release. Her mass begins to score incisors. As a result, the saw begins to bask and quickly fails. For lubrication (and simultaneous cooling), you can use ordinary water with the addition of a simple detergent. In winter, experts recommend using a mixture of diesel fuel and engine oil;

After the end of work, weaken the cutting canvas. When cutting, it heats up and expands slightly. After the end of the work, the canvas begins to cool and decrease in size. If you leave it in a stretched state, then marks from pulleys will form, in the place of which it will subsequently get scuffs;

Follow the rules for sharpening teeth. Both the speed of the work itself and the service life of the cutting canvas will depend on this. Also make sure that the teeth are always well sharpened and their proper divorce is observed.

It is also necessary to strictly observe safety precautions. Ribbon saw is a rather traumatic equipment. It is best to equip it with a protective casing. Such an addition will increase the safety of work and help improve the removal of sawdust.

Also attentively take the choice of location of the machine. Of course, a home.made strip saw will not take up much space. But still there should be enough space for free movement around.

In addition, take care of high.quality lighting the workplace. Quite often such a machine is installed on the street. In this case, try to work only in daylight or if there is a good street lamp.

From the video you will learn how to make a tape saw with your own hands from available materials.

DIY saw

Given all the nuances, the size and step of the teeth on the cutting element, you can start independently assembling the strip saw at home. A significant part of the money can be saved on this, but you still need to purchase some details and materials for assembling the desktop or device that drives the mechanism in motion.

Assembly of a tape saw on wood with your own hands according to drawings includes the following elements:

  • strip pulley;
  • cutting element for the strip machine;
  • wedge belt type A710;
  • the rod of the bearing;
  • guides;
  • pulleys;
  • an electric motor with a choice of power depending on the volume of work performed;
  • craft;
  • bracket;
  • Two nuts of the M12 type (2 pcs.);
  • Brin belt;
  • guide;
  • damper;
  • the rod of the bearing;
  • Upper support;
  • slider;
  • adjusting screw;
  • top tape drive.

Some details are easy to replace with improvised materials that almost any person in the garage has. Other elements of the machine require the purchase of production models. For example, an electric motor cannot be assembled with your own hands, and equipment from a washing machine or similar equipment is not suitable due to insufficient power.

Device and assembly of the machine

There is nothing complicated in collecting a home.made tape saw with your own hands. Here you need to study all the nuances and prepare the necessary material. The main part of the carpentry machine is the desktop on which the processing of wood, metal, stone or synthetics is carried out. The design provides for the circular movement of the cutting element, which affects the workpiece and is fixed with two pulleys.

It is worth noting right away that the drawings of a home.made tape saw on wood are suitable only if there is a room of the corresponding dimensions. The countertop and a bed with an installed unit have impressive dimensions that simply will not fit into a small room. Such equipment is used for the dissolution of large logs, but mini-steers are also suitable for processing small blanks.

At the first stage, work is in a special program drawings of tape sawmill with their own hands. There are also a lot of ready.made schemes for assembling this unit, but they can require some changes for the dimensions of the room, work volumes and processed material.

Stannaya and block of pulley

Stanin’s frame is a bearing part that holds the great weight of the entire structure. The load due to vibration in the process is intensified several times, which is why the bed should be made of metal profiles that must be done. For medium and small machines, wooden material is suitable for lack of metal profiles, but it should be a whole board 20 mm wide, rather than a wood-based slab or plywood sheets.

The boards are connected so that the layers are connected at the intersection of the fibers. For additional strengthening the frame assembled from bars, self.tapping screws, special glue, fasteners and any other methods of connection are used. As a result, the entire structure should correspond to the functions of the damper, which extinguishes jerks and vibration received during the operation of the cutting element. For this, the bed should be tough and elastic.

Another important detail is the block of the upper pulley, which holds in the tension of the canvas. The wheeled shaft is mounted in an insert located on the inside of the frame. The axis is regulated using two threaded hairpins, which are mounted in woody material using nuts.

The upper (end) part of the bed is provided with a special screw mechanism, which is responsible for vertical movement along the guide. The entire design is enhanced by installing additional goals that are welded to the surface. On the back, they provide a flange on which the shaft is fixed for.

Features of the countertop and pulley

For the manufacture of the pulley, several sheets of plywood are required, which are glued together, and then they make a hole under the bearings in them. Plywood wheels should have a size of about 30 mm thick. Pylorama should be stable and therefore additionally mounted a bearing recorded on the coupling. This can be done by installing the washer on the shaft from the inside and fixing the flange from the opposite side.

Then the wheels should be given the shape of the barrel and glue the surface with a bicycle chamber or similar material. This will help make the movement of the tape smooth and independently centr.

If you incorrectly fix the bearing, then the problem with the wheel appears, which constantly hit the plane during operation. From this, the cutting element begins to slide and go to the side, which ultimately leads to damage to the processed material. To avoid such situations, the bearing is installed behind the perpendicularity of the shaft.

The assembled ribbon saw with your own hands for metal, wood or stone requires the installation of countertops on the solid base. Inside it is placed a motor and a trigger mechanism. They are responsible for the movement of the canvas, the speed and time of its operation. For the manufacture of such a table, plywood is often used, which is additionally sheathed with a textolite.

The load on the countertop is minimal, so this material is enough for work. To simplify the work, it is equipped with a variety of functions. For example, the countertop is equipped with a rotary mechanism for the convenience of cutting the workpiece at a given angle. Parallel emphasis or installation of the roller system will add horizontal movements to the table, which significantly accelerate the processing.

Setting up of tape.saw equipment

The working and high.quality operation of the carpentry depends directly on the equipment settings. There is an installation adjustment scheme. First, the wheels are installed parallel to each other. Then the fluoroplastic washers are installed, necessary to prevent vertical displacement.

The first time the launch is performed without guides. At this stage, they check the smoothness of the launch and cleanliness of the engine, and then the test cut is already carried out using the canvas, but with minimal loads. A block with guide tapes is used to work with increased load. This design consists of two halves that are installed along the line of the cutting canvas.

Before, masters did not do with their own hands not only machines, but also a cutting canvas. It is difficult to close the strip unit in the ring yourself and it requires at least some initial experience in assembling the machine. Manual method is carried out and sharpening according to the template. All this can be done yourself by saving your money, but the modern market is simply filled with all kinds of devices and details that improve the quality of materials processing or make the equipment multifunctional. The main thing in this matter is to remember about safety measures, because production models or homemade are a great danger to human health.