DIY tipper trailer for tiller
DIY materials for creating a trailer
The material for the body capacity is most often metal or wooden boards. When choosing in favor of a wooden container, to give strength to the upper edges, reinforce them with metal channels, and also install metal corners in corner joints.
You need to be very careful about the design of the frame and the process of welding its parts, since most of the impacts from bumpy roads fall on it. Springs can be additionally provided to reduce shock loading. Regarding the material for the manufacture of the frame and frame: you can use, as previously mentioned, pipes, or a channel. The mechanism of attachment to the tiller is not very complicated, since the cultivator or tiller has a native bracket, you just need to make a console, which in shape will resemble a conventional hitch of any other attachment, for example, a tiller. It is very important to provide an indent on the frame to securely fix the driver’s seat. When developing, it is possible to design a swivel chair.
Preparation of parts and assembly of the trailer
This stage is the most time consuming and costly. All auxiliary parts and improvised means that you found on your farm and decided to use must be cleaned of rust and other contaminants. Next, they should be trimmed and carefully trimmed, if necessary. The next stage is the serial connection of all parts of the trailer. The process ends after the final painting of the entire trailer.
You can make the work of assembling the trailer easier if you have a wheelbase from some old vehicle. If not, then we fix an additional pipe to the main pipe by welding, which will serve as an axis. From the side of the attachment, it is necessary to install a clutch for attaching to the tiller itself. Then you need to fit or weld the hubs. The wheels are secured with nuts or bolts. Further, it is highly desirable to attach a parking support. The last step is to install the body, seat and fenders.
The material and design of the frame of a homemade trailer
The frame serves as the main supporting structure. It is necessary to calculate all dimensions and constituent elements according to the drawing, with high accuracy, with the exception of any inaccuracies arising from sawing, joining channels, pipes and corners.
Simple, lightweight, sturdy frame made of 60 x 30 mm rectangular tube. It will form the supporting structure. The role of the traverse will be performed by steel squares measuring 25 x 25 mm. For reliability, all elements are welded together and reinforced with several diameters, leaving protrusions above the side members. For racks, a pair of pipes are welded longitudinally to the front of the outlets on both sides of the structure. The upper straps of pipes with a cross section of 25 mm are welded to the posts.
The material of the supporting frame is selected according to characteristics capable of providing the conditions for strength and rigidity, to prevent deformation of the structure under the maximum permissible load. The frame for a self-made trailer for a light type tiller is made of any available material: a metal corner, a steel pipe with a rectangular, circular cross-section.
The medium power tiller trailer is made on a frame, using the following elements:
- brace 20×20.
- corner 20×20 for the driver’s seat
- uprights for the seat from the corner 40×40.
- front struts made of 40×20 pipe.
- frame strapping profile from corner 40×40.
- corner 32×32 for wheel axle strut.
- back braces from a pipe 40×20.
- transverse amplifier from corner 40 × 40.
- axial rod 30 mm.
- solid triangle.
The intricate design of the frame will provide an excess margin of safety and will allow you to transport heavy, bulky goods and materials in the body. It is worth making a frame of a reinforced structure in the case of frequent off-road use of a loaded trailer. Welding machine. It will be needed to firmly connect all parts. Self-tapping screws in this case will not be able to give the structure strength and durability.
You need to think over everything to the smallest detail, so that during the assembly of equipment there are no difficulties. To do this, you need to understand:
- screwing, riveting or welding will connect non-separable units and parts;
- how axles, bearings, bushings, hinges will be connected;
- which seat is better to install (simple or rotating);
- from what to make an emphasis on the legs for the parking;
- Do you need a tipping body, to which you will have to add a mechanical tipper or a self-dumping unit with a special handle;
- which unit of attachment to the tiller to select (on bearings, bushings or articulated).
Having dealt with all these questions, you can start preparing a list of necessary materials and calculating the approximate cost of the future trailer.
Making a homemade trailer for a tiller can be tricky. It is necessary to find the axle, make the correct fastening and choose the optimal wheels. Work on a trailer can take several weeks, which takes time and effort to work with the crop.
It is much easier and faster to purchase a trailer for a tiller. This can be done in the appropriate category on our website.
Trailers allow you to store and transport the harvested crop. Large devices are used to transport animals and birds. Construction materials and even garbage are transported using small equipment with a lifting capacity of 400-500 kg.
You can choose a convenient trailer for work by paying attention to the following points:
Trailer braking system allows the device to enter corners smoothly and ensures safety when transporting goods.
First of all, you need to think about what size the trailer should be so that it fits a certain tiller, and it is convenient to use it. After that, you will need to sketch a drawing or a sketch of the trolley, on which to display the structure from different angles, put down all the dimensions and draw the nodes.
Manufacturing and assembly of the undercarriage of a homemade trailer
To make a carrier you need:
- Overlays 25×4.
- Flanges size S 4.
- Supports from pipes 58×4.
- Corners 25x25x4 for a foot stand.
- Drawbar pipe.
The carrier of a simple design consists of a minimum number of elements welded according to the scheme. The most loaded parts. the drawbar and the turn signal, are reinforced with stiffeners. The carrier engages with the tiller frame in a hinged manner. The constructive model “pipe in pipe” forms a kind of long hinge and allows the wheelbase of the trailer to change its position independently, regardless of the wheelbase of the tiller. This solution protects the trailer structure from deformation and makes it easy to overcome pits or bumps.
The carrier is attached to the center tube with bolts, locknuts and studs. An elongated hole is grinded in the central pipe so that the fixing bolt rotates along the axis of the link without longitudinal displacement.
The wheelbase is constructed from parts of any domestic cars, wheels, springs, hinges are selected. Parts and elements are welded to the beam, and the ends are attached to the spar.
The drawbar is made of a 60×30 mm pipe welded to the front parts of the side members. The edges of the beams are joined and welded to the traction mechanical coupler. It turns out an analogue of the factory two-beam drawbar.
How to make a trailer for a tiller and cultivator with your own hands?
Most farmers, summer residents and other people who have their own plots are very helpful in their work with tillers and mini-harvesters. These compact representatives of a fairly wide class of agricultural technology can significantly facilitate and speed up the implementation of most of the basic and most complex land works.
The needs and, accordingly, the criteria for choosing tillers for gardeners are different. They depend on the scale of the economy and development plans. Many are trying to buy modern technology, the capabilities of which can be expanded and supplemented over time. It should be said that manufacturers also keep the needs of the market at the forefront and release basic models in a standard configuration, to which you can subsequently buy various types of attachments.
In most cases, when buying trailers, it is meant to use them for the transportation of goods, which is really very convenient. When processing large areas, there is a need for the removal or transportation of soil, fertilizers, harvested vegetables and plants. To do this, you should buy special carts or trailers for tilers. After equipping agricultural machinery with such additional equipment, it becomes even more multifunctional and it becomes possible to: bring feed, building materials, take out garbage both on the site and over longer distances.
The advantages of making a trailer for a tiller with your own hands
often the products are of poor quality;
the price is sometimes overpriced;
difficult to find the right parameters.
The most important criterion when choosing is the purpose for which the trailer will be used in the future. For example, what is planned to be transported, how much weight the cargo will have and what distance of transportation is planned. Understanding these points, you can start creating a trailer with your own hands. All work should be divided into stages:
development of the project and outline plan of the product;
drawing up an estimate or a list of all the necessary parts and mechanisms;
miscalculation of the cost and purchase of everything that is needed for work;
installation of the trailer device.
All designers know that the more detailed and thoroughly the details are drawn on the drawing, which means that all the nuances are thought out, the easier and faster the assembly goes. The structure should be drawn several times in different axes and from different viewing angles. For accuracy, the numbers of all parts should be indicated for further displaying them in the estimate. If the project contains complex prefabricated units or parts of non-standard shape, size, then a separate drawing should be made for them. The main attention should be paid to the attachment point of the trailer to the tiller, since it must withstand significant loads. Also, with a detailed design, it will be easy to assess the complexity, volume and duration of work. If you have any difficulties in self-design, then you should contact professional mechanics who can help with this.
When creating a tiller on your own, the following structural units and parts are usually distinguished:
roomy body (with or without a tipping system);
It is also worth considering the following nuances:
directions of movement in rotary mechanisms and its varieties: bearings, axles and bushings or articulated joints;
the presence of parking stands;
type of connection of the main units: bolts, twisting, welding, riveting;
the possibility of mechanical overturning of the load.
When drawing up a miscalculation and a purchase plan, you should take into account those materials or improvised means that can be used in the construction of the trailer. When creating a trailer for a cultivator with your own hands for a frame, it is quite possible to use pipes with any cross-sectional shape, which are often abundant in most gardeners and summer residents.
When creating drawings, pay attention to the dimensions of the cart. This is an important parameter, the carrying capacity and usability of the trolley depend on it. Usually, the dimensions of the bogies correspond to the following parameters: the length is about 1.5 meters, the width is 1 meter (or slightly wider), and the height is up to 30 cm.The approximate load capacity of such a trailer will be 2.5 c.
The process of assembling the structure is simple, and you can perform it completely independently, having at hand the tools and materials necessary for the work, as well as a little knowledge in locksmithing. The work is carried out in the following order:
- Creation of working documentation (project) with schemes for the installation of trailed equipment for the tiller.
- Selection of material for the manufacture of the frame and other devices of the future design.
- Choosing a workplace where the trailer will be assembled.
- Performing preliminary marking of mounting elements and nodes of the trailer mechanism.
- Laying out finished parts and aligning corners.
- Connecting the elements of the attachment.
In this video, you will learn how to make a trailer yourself:
Homemade trailer to the tiller video compilation
Also, we present a video that shows how to make a trailer for a tiller with your own hands on the experience of people who coped with this matter.
How to make a trailer for a tiller
- Drafting a project.
- Planning the work of the main and additional mechanisms.
- Preparing a list of materials required for assembly.
- An approximate calculation of the cost of the entire structure.
- Phased assembly.
Let’s consider the action plan in more detail.
axis; 2. footboard; 3. pedal; 4. shock absorber (rubber ring); 5. drawbar; 6. returnable spring; 7. pedal lever; 8. bracket for fastening the main brake cylinder.
Hydraulic brake drive device: 1. brake pedal; 2. brake cylinder, main; 3. connecting nipple; 4. pipeline; 5. tee; 6. bracket (strip 60 × 14, s2); 7. rubber bushing.
Seat cover and trunk
upholstery (artificial leather); 2. foam rubber; 3. hinge loop (2 pcs.); 4. base (plywood / fiberboard s12); 5 edging (aluminum profile); 6. trunk box (sheet (steel) s1.5); 7 bead liner (wire with a diameter of 3mm); 8. drawer wall, back (sheet (steel) sl, 5).
Dump trailer BUILD
Disadvantages of factory apparatus
- it is not always possible to find a unit that suits you in all respects;
- the quality of many products leaves much to be desired;
- may be scared off by the high price.
Therefore, before buying a trailer, you should think about what you need it for. You can consult with friends or experts, and perhaps one of them will tell you that you can design a homemade trailer for a tiller.
Body shell skin
On the base (platform) of the trailer, vertical posts are installed, to which the sides are welded. It should be noted that the front and side boards are made non-removable, and the tailgate is fixed on hinges for further opening and closing in the event of the need to load various oversized cargo. The body elements are a frame structure, which is made up of metal corners. They are butt welded to each other, and the seams are cleaned.
Board assembly stages:
- the frames of each side are prepared separately;
- take a sheet of galvanized sheet and transfer the dimensions of the sides to it;
- the side is cut to size.
A bottom made of 2 mm metal sheet is placed on the frame of the hitch and welded along the entire perimeter. The distance between the welding points is approximately 4-6 centimeters. The installation procedure begins with the front side, then the side ones, tightly tying them to the front. The tailgate is fixed in the hinges installed on the trailer frame.
Trailer swivel assembly
case; 2. bearing 180205E (2 pcs.); 3. axis; 4. the drawbar of the trailer; 5. washers; 6. nut М20х1.5; 7. cotter pin; 8. spacer sleeve; 9. fork of the hinge knot of the tiller.