do-it-yourself front-body tiller
Stage # 2. production of main parts
When making and assembling the frame, it is important to provide for the arrangement of a fork with a sleeve. It is necessary to ensure free rotation of the trailer.
The frame of the structure is made of metal pipes and corners
The body of the structure is made of steel sheet. The height of its sides is made no less than 30 cm.
When making stands for the adapter wheels, you can use the diagram below
The simplest option for making a coupling assembly is a 15 cm long pin, which is stuck into the hole in the drawbar of the U-shaped motoblock “towbar”. The disadvantage of this option is quick wear: under the action of a freely rotating trailer, the hitch holes are quickly broken. To reduce wear, it is advisable to lengthen the U-shaped chain.
What adapter designs exist?
With this attachment, you can greatly simplify the use of the tiller. After all, it acts as a transitional link connecting the unit itself with other functional elements: nozzles for planting and hilling potatoes, flat cutters, a plow. By installing equipment, you can automate gardening work as much as possible. For example, when using special equipment with attachments, you can increase the working speed from 5 to 10 km / h.
There are several types of adapters. In general, the structure is a trolley attached to the rear of the tiller, equipped with a comfortable seat
Some models are equipped with a lifting lever, which greatly simplifies the control of the mechanism and the movement of the unit itself on the site. Other adapters, in addition to agricultural work, can also be used for transporting goods. They are equipped with a special body. The adapters can have short or long drawbars, depending on their function. Short drawbar models are designed to work with light tillers, while long drawbar models are designed for heavier implements.
There are also models with a telescopic drawbar on sale, as well as those in which you can adjust the track width.
The adapters are fixed to the tiller using a single enlarged hitch, which consists of two parts: the first part is needed to connect the equipment to the unit. And the second acts as an adjustable adapter between the equipment itself and its lifting mechanism. To increase the number of implements used simultaneously, the adapters are equipped with a double universal hitch.
Assembling a simple structure
A simple adapter model is a metal frame. It is made from a pipe with a rectangular cross-section 1.7 meters long. At one of the ends of the pipe, a 0.5 meter long pipe is welded perpendicularly, which will serve as the basis for attaching the racks for the adapter wheels. The height of the struts themselves from the wheel axle to the top point is 0.3 meters.
For the manufacture of the structure, you can use the wheels removed from the garden cart. They can be installed on bushings, which are quite simple to perform on a conventional lathe. Bearings of the appropriate size are put on the finished bushings.
After that, the braces must be attached to the central pipe and the hubs of the wheels of the adapter by welding. The length of the products depends on the angle of their inclination relative to the structure. The square adapter frame can also be made in any size. In our case, this is a frame of 0.4×0.4 meters. To equip the attachments, a channel 0 with a length of 0.4 meters is welded to the rear end of the frame. The assembly and connection of the side pipes of the structure is carried out using bolts.
The seat is placed on a metal support that is welded to the central tube. The adapter is ready for use.
Tiller adapter: how to build a good do-it-yourself seat cart?
Stage # 1. drawing up a kinematic diagram
To ensure the balance of the structure and prevent additional overloads at the design stage, it is necessary to draw up a kinematic diagram. You can make it yourself or use a ready-made version.
This circuit was developed for the manufacture of an adapter designed to operate on the Neva trailer
Arrangement of a multifunctional model
For the manufacture of a multifunctional device, you must prepare:
- Steel pipes and corners;
- Sheet steel;
- Two wheels;
- Comfortable sitting;
- Welding machine and tool kit.
This adapter is a multifunctional model. It can be used for basic agricultural work and for transporting goods over uneven terrain over short distances. The structure can be equipped with such agricultural implements as a plow, harrow, tiller, potato digger. Snow scraper can be attached to adapter during winter months.
The main elements of the equipment are: the frame and hitch devices, as well as the wheelset and seats
The manufacturing process of the adapter at home takes place in several stages.
Stage # 3. installing the seat
On the backbone frame of the adapter beam, stepping back 80 cm from the front edge, fix the seat. It is fixed with bolts. The adapter is ready. It remains only to check the functionality of the multifunctional device.
This species is rigidly articulated with the tiller. The steering is presented as a separate unit, while options with both rear and front wheels are possible. the tiller becomes practically a self-propelled car, which is quite simple and light to operate, practically does not differ from motorcycles or cars.
How to make an adapter to the tiller with your own hands
It is not difficult to create a homemade adapter for a tiller with your own hands, it will take time, desire and a small amount of money.
Scheme and structural elements
As already mentioned, the above adapter is a trailer, which is located either behind the tiller or in front. Schematically, it looks like this:
Drawing of the MTZ-0.5 tiller with homemade attachments
The tiller adapter provides the following basic structural elements:
Required materials and tools
To make a trailer yourself, you need the following materials and tools:
- metal corners;
- metal sheets for leg support;
- square metal profile;
- wheels (2 pcs.);
- welding machine;
- other tools (saw, screwdriver, etc.).
Flexible joint adapter
With a movable joint, the angle relative to the vertical axis between the adapter and the tiller changes. It is much easier to make such a trailer, but more effort will be required when making a turn. However, this type of adapter is inferior in geometry: the turning radius, as well as its angle, is much larger.
Drawings and dimensions
An example of a simple circuit
The adapter will be based on a square metal profile. Usually it is taken with a length of 160 to 180 cm. A smaller profile is attached to it directly perpendicularly. 50-60 cm (depending on the size of the desired track).
Wheel stands are attached to the resulting structure. As for the racks, their size is 25-40 cm. It is determined depending on the tiller itself. Then braces are welded, the length of which is determined from the desired size of the entire structure and other parameters.
Next, a frame is created, the side rails of which are attached to the wheel struts with bolts. The attachment is subsequently attached to the frame, then the control lever. It has 3 knees in sizes 20, 35 and 55 cm.
To increase mass and effort, another lever is created with a larger size. 80 cm.
How to make an adapter to the tiller with your own hands
do-it-yourself tiller with a ZiD-4.5 engine
Self-made tiller with a ZiD engine, made by hand: photo and description of the design of the homemade product.
Greetings! I want to show one craftsman’s homemade product, this is a homemade tiller.
The homemade product is equipped with a ZiD-4.5 engine and a gearbox from the Moskvich-401 car.
The design of the tiller is quite simple, an engine and a gearbox are installed on a homemade frame, the torque is transmitted by a belt drive.
Characteristics of the ZiD engine. 4.5:
- carburetor, four-stroke, single-cylinder, air-cooled and a working volume of the cylinder of 520 cm 3;
- piston stroke 90 mm;
- cylinder diameter 86 mm; compression ratio. 5.3; rated power. 4.5 hp;
- the number of revolutions of the crankshaft at this power is not more than 2000 rpm.
ZID-4.5 is equipped with a built-in gearbox. gear ratios 1: 2.91, 1: 6, the shaft of which rotates at a speed of 333 rpm in the first gear and at a speed of 687 rpm in the second. Fuel consumption 1.5 kg / h. Flywheel magneto ignition system, cord or grip starting.
Wheels with grousers are made from car rims.
In this design, a simple belt clutch is implemented, there is one pulley on the engine shaft, and a second pulley on the gearbox shaft. A pressure roller with a spring, adjusts the tension of the belt, if the roller is pulled back, the belt begins to slip, thus the clutch works.
Additionally, there is all attachments, also homemade: a plow, a hiller, a potato digger and a trailer with wheels from Moskvich.
Overall, it turned out to be an excellent homemade tiller.!
Front and rear adapters
The front adapter is similar in design to the steering adapter. However, the clutch mechanism is located at the back. This type of construction is very convenient, since it can be disassembled and easily transported.
In the rear, the layout is opposite to the front one. the hitch is in front of the unit, respectively, the adapter itself is at the back.
The front one is most often used in those works where the strength of the unit plays a key role, namely, digging, loosening.
Attention! The rear one is perfect for hilling, as the operator must closely monitor the process.
Recommendations for use
Regardless of the type of assembled and connected product, you need to start working with it taking into account the safety rules. Before starting the engine, you need to conduct a visual inspection of the equipment to exclude visible damage and malfunctions. Do not add fuel to the fuel tank when the engine is running.
If, when turning on, an abnormal noise is heard, you need to stop the engine and identify the cause of the problem.
Do not use gasoline of inappropriate brands or fuel mixed with oil and other impurities. Before each start, you need to check the oil level, since this is often the reason for the engine to stop.
In order to extend the service life of motor vehicles, a new product must be run-in. It will contribute to the trouble-free functioning of the tiller.
In the process, the working surfaces of the parts are usually worked out. The running-in duration, as a rule, differs for products of different brands and modifications. In some varieties, it can be up to 20 hours or more. At this time, you should not load the equipment to the maximum volume.
One recommendation is to change the oil after the first five hours of operation. As for warming up the engine, this should be done at medium speed without load for about three minutes.
Based on the modification of the tiller, the first hours of its operation need to operate the unit in first gear (with the middle position of the throttle lever). It is important to try to avoid not only the maximum, but also the minimum speed. At the end of the use of the technique, you need to check the tightness of the threaded connections.
As for the cultivated soil, it is better to cultivate uncomplicated soil in the first hours. In addition, it must be taken into account that they do not run in on stony and clay soil.
Before work, you need to inspect the site and remove stones, as well as large debris. In general, when working with motor vehicles, you need to constantly monitor the maintenance of its cleanliness, check the fastening strength of the available adapter and tiller elements, including attachments.
We must not forget to tighten the weakening of the fasteners. You also need to remember about timely maintenance.
Equip a multifunctional model
In this case, it will be useful for you:
Tubes and corners, sheets of steel
Seat. 1 piece, but comfortable
Tools, welding machine
This is a multifunctional adapter model for a wide variety of jobs. In addition, for this you just need to equip the unit with the appropriate tools.
Types of adapters
Depending on the attachment to the device, the tillers can be:
- rear. the hitch is located in the front, and therefore the adapter itself is in the rear;
- front. hitch. in the rear, respectively, it is located in front of the unit, but with a steering wheel.
For the area of use:
- shortened. small in size. Used with units designed for light work;
- elongated. oversized and heavy, used with heavy type tillers.
Depending on the selected tiller, you can choose an adapter suitable for him
Depending on the body:
- body. there is a body for transporting goods of different dimensions;
- bodyless. used exclusively for clutching the tiller.
In addition to the above classification, they can also be conditionally divided into simple and universal. The latter are used, in addition to their direct purpose, also for the transportation of goods.
The hitch is responsible for connecting the attachment and the mechanical unit itself. This fastener is defined as one of the most important, therefore it is made of high-strength metals. steel or cast iron.
The length of such a device is about 2 meters, the width is 80 centimeters.
Depending on the clutch, the following design options can be considered:
- with movable clutch. Such a device is the lightest. The clutch is located at the front, but the control is more difficult in this case, since it is necessary to deploy the entire power unit;
- with steering. The clutch is firm and the steering is controlled by a mechanical steering assembly. This control is easier to use, but more difficult to manufacture.
Different adapters are intended for tillers of different performance. For mechanisms with low power. with a short mount, for powerful ones. with a long.
With movable joint
Such units are also called a break adapter. It is the lightest and most economical device to manufacture. The movable clutch is located at the front. The disadvantage is that you have to turn the entire mechanism, without using additional control. Because of this, the radius and angle of rotation will be larger.
Technical characteristics of the adapter that can be used in conjunction with the Tiller Neva:
|Maximum working travel speed||12 km / h|
|Maximum lifting capacity||100 Kg|
|Track diameter||670 mm|
|Dimensions of the adapter (length, height, width)||1.3×0.7×0.71 m|
|Adapter weight||22 kg|
|Manufacturer’s warranty||5 years|
Cultivator Repair. Replacing the Transmission (Powermate Part # A200759)
The steering adapter provides the ability to turn an ordinary tiller into a real mini-tractor. Engine power will remain unchanged, but the number of functions performed will increase significantly.
Fastening is due to a hitch that is placed in front of the adapter.
The design includes the following elements:
- a pair of wheels;
- clutch mechanism;
- brake and gas;
- operator’s seat;
At the back there is a mechanism to which additional equipment can be attached if necessary.
Do-it-yourself trailer for a tiller
Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery
a tiller on the farm is a pretty useful thing. It becomes even a great helper if it is equipped with a trailer in which you can transport various things, tools and materials. Some of the tiller models on the market do not meet the buyer’s requirements. By purchasing such a powerful assistant, their owners plan in advance to start making an additional hitch to the tiller on their own.
Such attachments save costs to a large extent, rather than buying a finished product. So, how to make a trailer to a tiller with your own hands?
The process of assembling the structure is simple, and you can perform it completely independently, having at hand the tools and materials necessary for the work, as well as a little knowledge in locksmithing. The work is carried out in the following order:
- Creation of working documentation (project) with schemes for the installation of trailed equipment for the tiller.
- Selection of material for the manufacture of the frame and other devices of the future design.
- Choosing a workplace where the trailer will be assembled.
- Performing preliminary marking of mounting elements and nodes of the trailer mechanism.
- Laying out finished parts and aligning corners.
- Connecting the elements of the attachment.
In this video, you will learn how to make a trailer yourself:
The design of the trailed part of the tiller itself is not particularly difficult, but the chassis is a completely different matter. It is based on a beam, at the ends of which the hubs are located. The channel is welded together so that a square is obtained. The weld is made solid for structural strength. On the lower part of the square (beam), the hubs are welded, the wheels for the trailer are put on to the tiller and their parallelism is checked. If the condition is met, then the structure is welded correctly.
The beam and the frame of the trailer are connected by means of springs installed in special brackets on the frame, previously provided in the diagram. The entire structure of the assembled trailer is checked for stability, it must not tip over.
Advice. In order for the transport to serve for a long time and not break down, its maintenance should be periodically performed, which consists in daily cleaning after work and lubrication of the connections.
Body shell skin
On the base (platform) of the trailer, vertical posts are installed, to which the sides are welded. It should be noted that the front and side boards are made non-removable, and the tailgate is fixed on hinges for further opening and closing in the event of the need to load various oversized cargo. The body elements are a frame structure, which is made up of metal corners. They are butt welded to each other, and the seams are cleaned.
Board assembly stages:
- the frames of each side are prepared separately;
- take a sheet of galvanized sheet and transfer the dimensions of the sides to it;
- the side is cut to size.
A bottom made of 2 mm metal sheet is placed on the frame of the hitch and welded along the entire perimeter. The distance between the welding points is approximately 4-6 centimeters. The installation procedure begins with the front side, then the side ones, tightly tying them to the front. The tailgate is fixed in the hinges installed on the trailer frame.
In addition to the main driver’s seat, a simple folding bench is installed, which is attached to the front side of the body and rests on the side ones. Some tiller trailers are additionally equipped with a spare wheel. It can be positioned on the side board or at the bottom of the trailer on the metal bottom using special fasteners.
Drawbar is a system of welded pipes that are connected to the side members of the trailer. In the place where the pipes come off, a coupling device is installed in front. The connection should be simple, strong and ensure easy rotation of the trailer cart behind the tiller. Often, for such a coupling, a standard mechanism of factory trailers for towbars of cars is used.
To hitch a trailer with your own hands, you need:
- At the junction of the drawbar pipes, a section of a fortieth pipe 10 centimeters long is welded.
- Two bearings are installed inside the pipe.
- A washer is installed on the pipe from the side of the trailed trolley, into which the axle of the trailing device with a threaded thread will subsequently be inserted.
- The hitch is made from a piece of square pipe. A through hole is drilled through two opposite surfaces with a diameter corresponding to the fixing pin.
- The square pipe can be additionally reinforced with a sheet of metal, the edges of the pipe are bent.
Such a system reliably ensures structural stability and ease of operation. By means of a hitch, the tiller can be adapted as a light car trailer.
In order for the trailer not to accidentally roll on a slope and stand firmly on the road, a simple brake system is provided for it. How to make brakes on a trailer to a tiller? It is best to use a parking structure from a car or motorcycle and secure the mechanism near the driver’s seat with bolts.
As with any vehicle, the braking system is one of the road safety factors. You can make brakes yourself by using a cable, traction and a drum:
- A drum is attached to the hub of one of the wheels.
- Take a brake disc and weld a small piece of pipe to it.
- Put the mechanism on the axle.
- Fix the brake pads with a cable to the axle, pull the cable to the lever near the driver’s seat.
Brakes are usually not installed on two wheels. One parking brake is also enough for the trailer to the tiller.
Homemade mini truck
Authorization on the site
This mini truck differs from many of its other brothers in its simplicity of design and reliability in control (its speed is up to 70 km / h). It is quite possible to build it at home.
The spacious, bright cab with panoramic front glass provides good visibility and protects the driver from bad weather. Quite a good location of the engine under the car body increases the usable area of the cab and body.
Dimensions of a self-made mini truck:
The truck has a rectangular welded tubular frame measuring 2380 x 490 mm. In its central part, on two plate brackets, a two-stroke engine from the IZH-56 motorcycle with a capacity of 14 liters is installed. from. (10.3 kW). However, another similar one is suitable. You never know what “pieces of iron” have accumulated over the decades in home workshops and sheds!
The front suspension has two shortened semi-elliptical springs (from Volga or Moskvich-407 cars in 2 sheets) with dry mechanical shock absorbers of a friction type. The front axle is solid, with pivots on the axle shafts. On these axle shafts, the hubs of the front steered wheels rotate on paired ball bearings.
Rear suspension. independent, with coil springs with friction-type mechanical shock absorbers
The transmission of torque to the rear wheels is carried out through a gearbox with a differential mechanism and a reverse gear shift unit. Rotation from the motor to the gearbox is transmitted by a roller chain.
The car’s brake mechanism is installed only on the rear wheels.
Braking is carried out with a foot pedal and a hand brake lever with a parking lock from the driver’s cab.
Car cab. double, made of duralumin by riveting.
Cab height 1250 mm,
width. 1200 mm,
length. 1300 mm.
On the left side of the cab there is a steering wheel, a clutch pedal, a brake pedal and a gas pedal, to the right of the driver. two levers: gearshift and handbrake. In the front part of the cab, in front of the driver, there is a panel with instruments on which the ignition switch, light switch, speedometer, gas meter, ammeter are mounted. There is also a 2-band semiconductor radio.
In the rear wall of the cab there is a ceiling lamp for lighting the cab.
At the front, the car is equipped with headlights with low and high beam. Elongated sidelights are installed under the headlights. direction indicators.
The electrical equipment of the car is designed for a voltage of 6 V, battery power, with recharging from the engine generator. Windshield equipped with a mechanical wiper.
An air intake with a fan for engine cooling is installed under the cab floor, which is located behind the cab under the car body.
The car body is made of light wood with a duralumin corner edging. It is made in the form of a side cargo area with a tailgate and a tarpaulin awning.
The body is secured to the frame with four rods inserted into the frame spigots and secured with four locking bolts. For the transportation of liquids or bulk cargo, the cargo area can be replaced with a tank or self-emptying chute, and for the transportation of people. bus body.
Under the body, on a bracket welded to the frame, a fuel tank with a capacity of 12 liters is placed, which ensures the vehicle’s mileage without refueling over a distance of over 200 km.
The wheels for the car are taken from a wheelchair. However, you can also install wheels from scooters on it.
The design uses some standard components from a motorized carriage, such as the rear axle, steering and others. This makes it much easier to build a car.
The machine has several easily replaceable bodies: a cargo platform for 400 kg, a tank for 300 liters, a dump truck for 350 kg and even a bus for 6. people.
During sea trials with full load, the minicar showed good driving characteristics and high cross-country ability in difficult road conditions.
Varieties of adapters for motor vehicles
Tiller adapters are divided depending on how they are attached.
There are the following types of devices:
- Rear adapter for the tiller. The hitch is located in front of the device, therefore, after connection, the adapter will be located at the back of the unit;
- Tiller front adapter. Accordingly, the clutch occurs at the rear. The adapter is located in front of the motorcycle and will definitely have a steering wheel for control. Steering devices are of a more complex design type, therefore their price on the market is much higher.
The following adapters are available for use:
- Shortened. Small in size, which are operated with a light type tiller. Low weight allows the adapter to be attached directly to the wheel of the unit;
- Elongated. Cope with heavy agricultural machinery. They are distinguished by their significant dimensions and relatively large mass.
Depending on the availability of the body, the following designs are distinguished:
- Bodywork. The existing body allows you to transport various cargo over a long distance. They are actively used for everyday tasks and harvesting;
- Bodyless. They are used only for connection with a tiller.
When choosing an adapter, you need to pay attention to the design features of the device. It must fully meet the needs of the owner.
Steering type adapter
How to make a steering adapter for a tiller? The type of structure in which the steering wheel is provided must be rigidly fixed. The steering gear is performed as a separate independent unit. A pair of wheels and an axle that serves as a steering gear is installed at the front and rear. Fixation sites are selected based on individual characteristics. The location of the steering gear depends on the type of spare part. When assembling, it is recommended to perform just such an improved model.
A motorized cultivator with steering has many positive qualities:
- the operator will not waste energy when moving behind the unit;
- the equipment has maneuverability and increased functionality;
- traction force is realized at 100%;
- on the tiller you can get to the workplace, without the use of additional equipment;
- ease of management compared to other options.
DIY drawing of the adapter for the tiller
The cultivation of agricultural areas involves a rather laborious work. Owners of private farms and vegetable gardens, as a rule, resort to manual labor or means of little available mechanization to make this process easier and faster. Such a technical device as the front adapter for the Tiller Neva makes it possible to significantly facilitate absolutely any agricultural work, and this favorably distinguishes it from other similar devices.
How to make it yourself
Of course, purchasing a ready-to-use adapter for the tiller is the best and easiest way out of the situation. For all that, they really cost quite a lot, so not every farmer or just a summer resident is ready to afford their purchase. It is not surprising why many are wondering how to make an adapter with their own hands.
This, of course, is possible, and on the net you can find quite a few recommendations that relate to self-made adapters. over, there are many drawings that make it possible to examine this device more clearly and in detail.
Using them, it is quite possible to create such a unit in a domestic environment, using a minimum of tools and materials. To produce a homemade adapter you will need:
- welding machine;
- pair of wheels;
- steel corners and sheets;
- driver’s seat;
- fasteners; iron pipes.
Before work begins on the manufacture of the device, it is necessary at least as a whole to consider the finished circuit. It should take into account and indicate the degree of load for various parts of the frame and the overall dimensions of the device. Now you can go directly to the production of the structure.
All work will consist of several steps:
- We take a square metal profile, approximately 1800 mm long. We weld the same iron flap across it, only of a smaller size. about 600 mm. In the future, wheel stands will be fixed to this profile sheet, the height of which should be about 300 mm.
- After that, you need to attach the braces. Attach them to the center frame and to the wheels. Any angle of the wheel hubs relative to the frame is allowed, whatever you want. A beam is additionally welded to the metal profile. This is necessary to strengthen the frame.
- The frame for additional equipment is welded from channel No. 10.
- It is aligned with the wheel axle by means of a piece of square pipe, and the seams are welded with a welding machine.
- Now we weld a control lever with three knees to the frame (200, 350 550 and millimeters).
- We attach another one to the lever (size 800 mm), it will adjust the force.
- Levers are connected to each other with ordinary bolts.
The first stage is over. We proceed to the next.
Types of front adapters for the tiller
Converted technical devices are of the following types:
- With telescopic drawbar type. This detail adjusts the width of the tiller adapter.
- With drawbars of various lengths. The short clamp is designed for light weight devices, the long one is suitable for heavy mechanisms.
- The purpose of the equipment is the transportation of goods. Models have a special body that can withstand increased stress.
- With lifting link mechanism. Equipment that has suspended equipment is easy to operate and move.
General information about the tractor
The chiller can be operated separately, as well as connected to a wide variety of additional equipment, such as:
Such devices can significantly increase the possible range of work that a tiller can handle. In addition to this, you can use a mini-tractor as a vehicle if you prepare a special adapter block for it in advance.
How to make an adapter to the tiller with your own hands?
After reviewing the drawings, you can proceed to the phased assembly of the adapter. It is important to strictly follow the described algorithm.
If an adapter with a seat is used, the tiller turns into a mini-tractor. The chair is selected at your discretion, but products with built-in shock absorbers are more suitable so that you do not have to install springs.
The frame is assembled in a certain sequence:
- A shank is welded to a piece of pipe with a diameter of about 6 centimeters. A swivel bracket will be mounted on it, fixed with a pin;
- The frame is welded perpendicularly with a cross-member with dimensions of 55 centimeters;
- A sheet of steel is welded to the frame with a corner, the thickness of which is three millimeters;
- The lateral edges of the sheet with a length of about one centimeter are folded down to protect against cuts;
- The wings are bent and welded. The wing covers are welded to the upper part, which are equipped with reflectors.
The main frame must be equipped with an additional retractable one, the thickness of which is 5 centimeters. They are fastened together with a bolt.
It is better to supplement the structure with a trunk, which is manufactured according to the following scheme:
- The frame is being assembled. The required central water pipe with a diameter of 1 “and somewhat labor with a smaller diameter (½ and ¼”);
- The central tube is reinforced with additional tubes for support, the structure is welded to the trunk;
- Support pipes are connected to the block rod and gearbox.
The height of the legs depends on the location of the boot It cannot be above the instrument panels, fuel and oil tank.
The swivel bracket is manufactured following the following scheme:
- A billet from a pipe with a diameter of 5 centimeters is welded and bent. Two steel bushings are welded to the upper part, which provide swinging of the device along and across the axis;
- One side of the bracket is fixed on the shank, and the other on the tiller itself;
- For free installation and removal of the bracket, you can weld on the handle.
You need to take care of the rear-view mirror (suitable for a car or moped). The part is installed on the handle of the unit or attached to the rear of the trunk.
You need to purchase a ready-made mechanism. a brake system.
It is installed according to the following scheme:
- The rod of the blocking unit is dismantled, the thread on its surface is extended with the help of a special die;
- A durable steel stop is created;
- A hole is drilled in the rod, the diameter of which is within 3-10 millimeters;
- Powerful return spring is installed and secured.
At the last stage, an axle with wheels is installed. Parts from old technology are suitable: a motorcycle or a moped. The axle may be too long, so it is shortened with an electric hacksaw.
In addition to detailed drawings, it is worth considering the proposed videos on the manufacture of the adapter.
Winch Powered Dump Trailer Build for Lawn and Garden Tractors
A homemade adapter according to the schemes described above can be used with the following brands of tillers: Salyut, Agro, Neva, MTZ.
The do-it-yourself designed front adapter for the tiller will facilitate the work on the processing of the personal plot and garden. An additional device transforms a motor cultivator into a mini-tractor. If necessary, install such agricultural implements as a plow, a digger, a planter, a hiller on the converter.
By its design, the 4 × 4 adapter, which is intended for the Neva Tiller, is a rather simple device. It includes several fundamental parts:
- frame structure, on which other accessories can be installed;
- driver’s seat;
- wheelbase including wheel axle;
- tiller connection mechanism including.
In other words, the adapter is an ordinary cart with a seat that connects to the tiller.
Tillers come in different brands and designs. The Russian user knows, for example: Cayman, Foreman, Viking, Crossser, Texas, Patriot and others. After hitching the tiller and the adapter, the resulting device can be compared in functionality with a mini-tractor, however, such a comparison is somewhat arbitrary, since the power will remain the same, because the engine still remains alone, and it is from the tiller.
over, you can attach auxiliary attachments to the adapter, which will further expand the potential list of jobs. Some types of adapters are equipped with special sections where you can place any cargo. There are also models that are equipped with a lifting arm, which greatly simplifies the work with the additional device.