Do-it-yourself reverse on the tiller
H3 halogen bulbs in the reversing light
I put the H3 lamp on the second side of the taillights. It took: a spring of the required length, a wire with a daddy terminal and half a paper clip.
For the lamp wire, make a cut in the holder using a file (Fig. 1).
The lamp has flat holes. There and insert the jack “dad” with a wire.
We fix the lamp in the holder with the help of a spring, and from a paper clip we make hooks for engagement
We will remove the wires through the cut and solder to the board (for the wire from the lamp, we use an additional connection). Now the brightness of the reversing light is slightly better.
We connect halogens as reversing lights
Because on 55W lamps, a 10A fuse is installed, and in this case, through the F19 fuse (except for the rest of the equipment), we connect 2 60W lamps. To remove the load from fuse F19, you can also put a relay from the reversing light switch.
Contact 2 from the switch is connected to contact 85 of the relay, and contact 86 goes to ground. Connect the wire that was disconnected from contact 2 of the switch to contact 87 of the relay. We give 12V power to contact 30 of the relay: you can take it from the battery, but it is better to connect to Ш2-16 (plus is supplied after turning on the ignition in the car). We place the relay on the mounting module.
How to make the reversing lights on the Vaz brighter
Reversing lights Avto VAZ have standard 25W lamps. Sometimes this is not enough to see obstacles when reversing at night. You can solve the problem with a little tuning, which will make the rear dimensions of the Auto VAZ brighter.
Halogen lamps G-4 in reverse VAZ
The second option proposes to use halogens of 20 and 35 W in the headlights under the G-4 base.
We break the flask of an ordinary light bulb, and remove the remains with tweezers. We insert the base-holder of the halogen into the inside and solder the wiring.
To fix the halogen cartridge in the iron base, you need to fill it with silicone sealant.
And in order for the sealant to fill all the cavities between the cartridge and the iron base evenly, you must use a syringe without a needle.
It should be borne in mind that a halogen lamp heats up stronger than a simple lamp (up to 350-450 degrees), it is forbidden to solder the conclusions of such a lamp with ordinary solder, a ceramic cartridge must be used. Since the contact area of the lamp with the cartridge is small, the cartridge itself is not very hot. The sealant can hold its shape when heated up to 340 degrees.
Comparison of lamp light: standard 21-W, halogen 20-watt and 35-W halogen lamps.
The brightness of a simple 21-W lamp from a 20-W halogen does not differ by eye.
A 35-watt halogen on the eye is already clearly brighter, in the picture it is clearly visible.
Cost of questions 2u.e.
LEDs in the reversing lights will significantly add brightness when parking.
H1 halogen lamps in VAZ reversing lights
The point of the revision is to put halogens in the taillights of even greater power. To make the light of the reversing light better, it was decided to install a H1 60W lamp.
The tail light board is removed and disassembled from the side of the reversing lamps. Let’s mark as precisely as possible the place where the H1 lamp will become (in the center of the reflector, we focus on the position of the standing lamp), drill 2 holes with a diameter of 3 mm and grind the plastic between them with a file. We also drill 2 holes for fasteners with a diameter of 4mm.
Then we fix it on two screws, for resistance, we put two nuts on each side under the lamp, we connect the “mother” terminal to the contact.
The wires were soldered directly to the board. For good contact and the lamp housing, the minus led to the screw through the terminal.
It is also worth considering that LEDs do not heat up as halogen lamps.
How to install xenon bulbs in reverse
First, I reworked the lamp pads to have the correct polarity. Cut the train, 2 strips 2-3 millimeters wide, soldered the wires
Then I removed the holder for the reversing lamp, it’s easy, it is fixed with latches (photo 2).
I cut it out of stainless steel, fit into the inside of the lantern in size, drilled holes for the lamp, fixed everything with screws (pictures 3 and 4). Ignition modules can be positioned anywhere.
Xenon in the rear dimensions (connection): did not connect the modules from the power supply of the reversing lamp wires, used them to power the relay, “” took the modules from the relay from the glass cleaner motor.
Satisfied with the result, and even more pleased with my wife, at her request, and made this alteration. If desired, it is possible to simply redo everything back.
If your reversing lights do not glow properly, then change the standard incandescent bulbs to halogen or LED. If you want it to be very bright, then put xenon in the taillights. An alternative to everything is a rear-view camera or parking sensors.
Basis of construction
The construction is based on a metal frame made of a pipe. Attach the chain reducer to it and adjust the stroke. This will serve as the basis for attaching the transport cart and other attachments.
Get involved in strengthening the engine. It must be attached to the frame and rigidly fixed. Use the option that is the best value for money, but not too expensive. For some options, even Chinese is suitable.
How to make a mini tractor?
However, in addition to the tiller, you can also make a mini-tractor. Do it yourself too! To do this, you will need a Neva tiller and other small parts: metal fasteners and sheets, pipes, wheels (2 pcs), a seat, a welding machine and a set of tools.
Olympic Archer Tries Reverse Tiller on a BareBow for the First Time | Barebow Reverse Tiller
Why make a tiller with your own hands?
So, what are the advantages of a custom-made tiller? First, it will provide tremendous assistance in processing (in particular, plowing) the land and will reduce time and labor costs.
In addition, if you can make an all-terrain vehicle out of it, it will help you move long distances and into the most difficult-to-reach places. In addition, it consumes quite little fuel (5 liters is enough for half a day of intensive work).
You can use the unit for transporting goods up to 300 kg (for this you will need to attach a trailer for the tiller), harrowing the soil, harvesting, removing snow and debris, distributing fertilizers over the site.
With due diligence, a home-made device in its characteristics will hardly differ from an expensive imported one.
So, when the drawing is ready, you can start directly to work. First, check if you have all the necessary tools: an angle grinder (preferably with cutting discs), an electric drill and a set of drills of various sizes and shapes, a welding machine (always with a mask), locksmith tools.
However, like any other thing, tillers can break. Especially if they are of poor quality. Below we will tell you about the repair of the tiller.
So, all problems can be divided into several categories:
Fuel supply is not correct. To solve the problem, check the ignition and clean the gas tank, as well as the entire fuel supply system. Try starting the tiller again. If this does not help, then you can flush the fuel cock and tank with clean gasoline, and then blow out the connecting hose located near the carburetor.
Breakage of the carburetor. This can also be signaled by a problem with the fuel supply. In order to repair the part, check the condition of the bracket and the float. Adjust the design with a screwdriver in case something is wrong. Also check if the valves are in good condition.
Gearbox problems. Constant noises can become an indicator. This indicates that the oil level is too low. If simply adding oil from the noise did not save you, then you should flush the entire system and change the brand of the oil to be poured.
In addition, check how tightly the transmission elements are holding. If the fastening is not tight enough, tighten the bolts. Or if you find any defects, then be sure to replace the broken parts.
Another breakdown option may be a problem with the engine. the ignition pedal fails (eliminated by removing carbon deposits), or they can be caused by breakdowns in the spark plugs or the electrical network. Unfortunately, nothing can be fixed here. You just have to replace the part.
How to make a tiller with your own hands? Not that difficult. First, determine what needs you will be using it for. The power of the engine and the design as a whole will depend on this.
After that, make drawings of a homemade tiller. Pay close attention to all the details. Draw them clearly and clearly. This will significantly reduce the time that you spend on manufacturing and assembly, as well as reduce the number of possible errors at times.
DIY tiller. how to make a simple and reliable homemade tiller for the household (105 photos)
Many have country cottages with land plots where all kinds of vegetables and fruits are often grown. And in order to facilitate the hard work of the gardener, many decide to purchase a tiller.
However, purchasing it can be quite costly. Therefore, in order to reduce costs, many decide to make a homemade tiller with their own hands. Yes, it seems like a rather difficult task, but in fact, very many can cope with it.
- Why make a tiller with your own hands?
- Manufacturing process
- What you need to know?
- Basis of construction
- How to make a mini tractor?
- Where to begin?
- Possible problems
- Do-it-yourself photo of a tiller
Before planting the crops, he cuts a pair of furrows. In addition, it is used for loosening and hilling soil. The device includes a frame on which two hillers are fixed at once. Due to this feature, the processing process with such a tool significantly saves time. It can be attached to the tiller with a hitch. However, this type of hiller needs a lot of resistance to work. Therefore, it is often used in conjunction with lugs.
Do-it-yourself hiller for a tiller
What are the types of hillers
There are such types of this technique:
- single row;
- double row;
How to install and use a hiller
When installing the hiller on the tiller, it is important to orient it correctly. parallel to the mowing line of the ridges.
Before starting work, the tool must be installed in the tiller coupling and secured with bolts or pins. To make installation quicker, it is convenient to use hollow axles with cotter pins.
You can adjust the angle of, for example, the disc view of the tool by tilting the frame in relation to the tiller. This partly affects the depth of the furrows. The hiller is adjusted by moving the sole in the vertical plane using the fixing holes made in the rack. And by moving the brackets, you can control the width of the passage.
It will not be superfluous to check the tightness of the bolt connections before work. To do this, it is necessary to carry out a trial treatment of an area where there are no plants. In the process, you need to carefully monitor how the individual nodes work. If errors are found, it is necessary to tighten the loosened connections or re-adjust the nozzle.
In particular, during the processing of ridges, the following rules must be observed:
- move the equipment over long distances only disassembled;
- do not make sharp turns;
- move in transport position.
This is the classic unregulated version of the tiller hiller. It is he who is used by gardeners more often than others. The availability of drawings will greatly simplify the manufacturing process.
- metal sheets (2 mm, 3 mm, 5 mm, 8 mm thick);
- a strip of steel 4 mm wide;
- welding machine or fasteners.
- Make the base from a sheet of metal not thinner than 3 mm. This element will have soil resistance, therefore its strength should be as high as possible.
- Make the bracket from a 4 mm wide strip of steel. It is important not to forget about hardening this part.
- Next, make a field board. To do this, take a metal sheet with a thickness of 5 mm. The finished part must be hardened by means of a gas burner in several steps.
- The stand is made of 8 mm thick metal sheet. This part is made from the thickest sheet, since it is on it that the main load will fall.
- It remains to make wings from the thinnest (2 mm) steel sheet for the hiller. The wings must match in size with the selected drawing, otherwise it will not be possible to connect them correctly to the base. The metal needs to be slightly bent and fixed on the base by welding.
Having undertaken to make such a hiller, special attention must be paid to the molding of the discs themselves. They can be made from circular saws or used cutters from a seeder.
- welding machine or fasteners.
What do we have to do:
- The discs must be placed at an angle, keeping the distance between their lowest points. It is important that they are located symmetrically. Otherwise, the tiller will lead in different directions.
- All parts, including screw starleps, stands and leash, must be fixed with a welding machine or bolts. Connect discs with controlled adapters.
- Requires the use of the wing beam to secure the tool to the chiller.
Another key point is choosing the right angle of inclination and dive depth. To make this choice, it is enough to put movable parts with bolt fixation on the bracket.
After watching the video below, you can find out how to make other types of hillers, including single-row manual:
It is versatile for soil cultivation. Working part. steel concave discs. Plunging into the ground for a given distance, they loosen it, thus forming a ridge. To make the use more efficient, the discs must be installed at an angle vertically and relative to the direction of travel.
Making a disc hiller for a tiller with your own hands is described below. Drawings and dimensions along with a photo are attached to the description of how to make the tool.
An example of a drawing of a fracture frame
A frame is created between the front and rear axles. It is better to use rectangular or square shaped pipes as a basis. They provide greater rigidity than rolled corners, channels and I-beams of the same mass.
The joining of the frame elements of a wheeled all-terrain vehicle can be rigid, then it will be formed in a one-volume format. When using heavy tillers “Neva” or MTZ, this option will be preferable.
As an option, a breaking frame (fracture) is made, the option is used for areas with a complex profile. Here, the articulation is carried out through the king pin. Front and rear axles have independent suspension from each other. Such all-terrain vehicles are created by the masters on the basis of the Neva and Ugra tillers.
For hunting and fishing, it is better to have a wheeled all-terrain vehicle with a breakable frame. Its permeability is higher than with a rigid frame design.
DIY all-terrain vehicles from Tiller
On the basis of the tiller, homemade all-terrain vehicles and other high-mobility vehicles are often made. There are several reasons for this:
- there is an energy-rich transport unit with high traction characteristics, assembled on a frame;
- engine and transmission control moved to comfortable grips;
- the mass of tillers is low, they can be transported to the desired place in the trunk, body or on a car trailer.
For hunting and fishing, a light mini all-terrain vehicle is quite in demand. But the industry has not yet seen commercial prospects in creating sets of attachments that convert a serial tiller into an off-road vehicle. There are some pretty interesting examples of the creation of such machines. DIYers have created role models with their own hands. There is room for ideas when developing new interesting devices.
Wheels (low pressure chambers)
You can use lugs to move on wet and wobbly ground. They provide high grip. Large diameter low pressure chambers behave even better. Pneumatics have minimal ground pressure, and the presence of air trapped in the chambers of the all-terrain vehicle will create a floating all-terrain vehicle.
For installation on the rear axle, self-made or special wheels for all-terrain vehicles, swamp vehicles and snowmobiles are used. They are purchased as an assembly or as separate elements: a tire, a camera, a disk. The wheel is going just.
- Homemade pneumatic discs are made by welding conventional discs and mounting plates using metal tubes. Such expansion is necessary in order to fit the small diameter of the car rim under the large cameras and better fix them.
- A large camera is put on a specially expanded disk. either branded or from other units (GAZ 53, Ural, Kamaz or another truck, aircraft camera, etc.).
- An air valve is discharged into the opening of the disc.
- The wheel is inflated with air.
- The resulting tires are installed on a homemade all-terrain vehicle.
It is possible to increase the permeability of conventional wheels on low-pressure chambers by creating an additional protector. For example, you can additionally secure the cameras with chains, conveyor belts, homemade tracks or in another way.
Another option is to cut an overhead lug out of the tire. The depth of the hook of the structure reaches more than 20-25 mm. Rolling resistance is increased while the slip coefficient is sharply reduced.
Rear axle and suspension of a homemade all-terrain vehicle
Some DIYers use a ready-made rear axle from a car to simplify the design. For example, from the car “Moskvich-412”: its small weight allows installation on a light all-terrain vehicle. Suspension is carried out on shock absorbers for a smooth ride and reduced vibration.
Other craftsmen make independent suspension for each rear wheel. This approach is implemented on the Muravei scooter. When driving, there is a slight swaying, at the same time, the wheels experience less resistance on bumps, and fuel consumption is noticeably reduced.
Connect the rear axle to the frame with long hardened bolts. For elastic joints, rubber inserts are used, for example, silent blocks. This improves the performance of the tiller-based ATV.
The rear axle on skis is used in winter. Movement resistance is minimal, design is greatly simplified.
Assembling a homemade all-terrain vehicle from a tiller
When all the tools, spare parts and accessories are prepared, you can start assembling. This is a rough plan of how to assemble a homemade all-terrain vehicle, it all depends on the chosen design.
- A tiller is installed on a welded or finished frame.
- The rear axle is mounted and, if necessary, the front.
- The seat is placed on the frame.
- If provided by the drawing and diagram, the steering is installed.
- Protection is attached to the frame, it is made of plastic or metal sheet.
- The prospective driver should test the comfort of landing, if necessary, provide auxiliary devices for adjusting the fit.
- The performance of the brakes is checked.
- Electrical circuits and lighting fixtures are installed.
As individual elements and assemblies are manufactured, their operability is checked. It provides a fivefold safety margin.
After the completion of the bench tests, they proceed to the field tests. You need to know how the car behaves in difficult conditions.
Features of all-terrain vehicles from Tiller
The main components that should be purchased or made independently for a vehicle based on a tiller:
- frame, it serves to organize a mobile vehicle;
- the rear axle is needed to install the rear wheels;
- a seat for the driver, it is desirable to protect it from moisture and dirt from under the wheels;
- a lighting system is needed to move safely at any time of the day.
An all-terrain vehicle based on a tiller is created as a single-seat vehicle. Its carrying capacity should be about 200 kg. The width is calculated from the conditions of resistance to overturning, usually it is from 1100 mm or more.
Modern Tilleri Neva, Ugra, MTZ and others are equipped with engines with a power of more than 10 hp. This power is enough to move at a speed of over 10 km / h. Off-road, when passing through slurry or swampy places, the speed may decrease to 1-2 km / h.
How to make a homemade wheeled all-terrain vehicle
An example of a drawing of an all-terrain vehicle on low-pressure tires
It makes sense to equip the base unit with a reduction gear. The reason is that the best torque indicators for gasoline and diesel engines are at a crankshaft speed of about 75-85% of the maximum.
The engine must have a forced cooling system. When driving at low speed, the incoming flow will not be enough to maintain optimal thermal conditions.
Homemade tracked all-terrain vehicles with their own hands
The use of tracks will help to reduce the specific ground pressure. The weight is distributed over the entire track area. Such an all-terrain vehicle based on a tiller is able to overcome sand, wetlands, steep climbs and other obstacles.
Some do-it-yourselfers make metal track links from plates more than 5 mm thick. Rings from water pipes are welded to the plates. Another version of the track links is made entirely of PVC pipes, cut lengthwise. The tracks are attached to each other on a conveyor belt or other base.
It is easier to make tracks from composite materials. For this, fiberglass and epoxy are used. Glass-polymer reinforcement is used as a frame. Track links are made in special shapes. After making the required amount, they are collected into a caterpillar. In the manufacture of tracks from composite materials, elements for articulation are used from wear-resistant steels.
There are options for using timber tracks. They will need to be impregnated with protective mixtures.
The easiest way to make a tiller-based ATV track is to use a conveyor belt. One track requires two lanes. They are connected in a ring, and then a caterpillar is created using pieces of steel pipe.
In the video, you can see the option of making a waterproof case that is kept afloat. In this case, the tracked mover will allow you to move not only on the ground, but also on the water. The result is an amphibious all-terrain vehicle. For hunting and fishing, it will be indispensable.
Tiller maximum speed
Many owners ask themselves the question: what is the fastest speed possible on a tiller? The answer depends on many nuances, mainly on the tiller model. It is also important to consider that the working speed is lower (2-4 km / h) than the speed of the tiller when transporting goods. In the event that the working speed is increased, some types of work will be more difficult, as the control of the tiller will become very difficult for the operator. If the tiller is used as a vehicle, then its speed can reach 30 km / h.
How to reverse speed on a tiller
Let’s take a look at how to reverse the speed on the trailer. The presence of a reverse depends on the model and dimensions of the mini-equipment. You can cultivate the land with a motor cultivator, a light tiller and a heavy machine. It all depends on the goals and objectives set. Usually, when using models weighing up to 30 kg, there is no need for a reverse speed, moreover, it complicates the design of the unit. On a heavy machine without this function, it will be more difficult to do the job.
Agricultural machinery will not move without a gearbox. It happens:
- reverse gear.
The task of the bevel gear is to ensure the collision of the transmission with the engine, which affects the power of the gear. The gear is the transmitter between the motor and the wheels. The reduction gear serves to reduce the speed to increase power.
The reverse gear has a clutch located between the gears. They are on the main roller. The main task of this system is to ensure the reverse gear of the equipment. To make this mechanism yourself, the first thing you need to do is prepare a case, for which many use a two-inch fitting square.
You can use the generator shaft from the Ural motorcycle. The gears will fit from the Friendship chainsaw. In the shaft, you just need to drill a hole of the appropriate diameter. Mount another pinion shaft with bearings on the opposite side. And already on the weekend, fit a pulley to ensure rotation.
You can purchase a ready-made gearbox, only when buying it is better to give preference to more expensive mechanisms, since they are more reliable and last longer.
Among the malfunctions of gearboxes, users highlight the rapid wear of the gears and the fact that the transmission takes off.
If you increase the speed of the cultivator, then you need to take into account that wear will occur much faster. When doing land work, I want to quickly cope with the task. To increase or decrease the speed of movement, you can try the throttle stick. If the work is hard, then when the gas decreases, the engine will stall.
The first speed is used when plowing the land when more power is required from the machine. Faster work reduces the depth of cultivation.
What is the speed of the tiller
Tiller speed depends on several parameters:
- tiller class
- engine type
- availability of attachments
- type of gearbox
- wheel size
- the area where the tiller works
As a rule, the tiller class is associated with the type of engine, light models are equipped with gasoline engines with a capacity of up to 5 HP, medium ones. with gasoline engines of 6-12 HP, heavy ones. with diesel engines with a capacity of 12 HP or more. Diesel engines are more powerful, so equipment with such engines will have a higher speed.
Among budget models of middle class tillers, the type of gearbox is 2 forward, 1 reverse, more expensive models have 6 forward and 3 reverse gears. The more gears, the higher the speed is available.
Wheel size matters: the larger the wheel diameter, the faster the equipment moves.
Attachments such as plows, mowers can reduce speed. A tiller with a trailer will also have a lower speed, although it is possible to accurately calculate the speed with a cart only when taking into account the speed and weight of the tiller itself, as well as the weight and type of the cart. Usually the speed of a tiller with a trailer does not exceed 10 km / h.
The more difficult the terrain, the more the speed decreases. For plowing on virgin soil, it is recommended to use weighting materials that ensure passability and help maintain speed. However, it is worth remembering that plowing heavy land at high speed is not recommended, as the quality of land cultivation decreases.
Best Speed Tiller Models
A fast tiller is an indispensable assistant when transporting goods in rural areas or when working over a large area. Diesel tiller Centaur MB 1081D is the fastest among heavy class tillers, can reach speeds of up to 25 km / h. Tiller Motor Sich MB-6D has a maximum speed of 16 km / h.
Popular models of tillers from domestic manufacturers have a much lower maximum speed. on average, 12 km / h for MB-2 and MB-23, Neva. The tiller Mobile-K Cheetah also has a good speed. 12 km / h (gearbox 41).
How to increase the speed of a tiller
There are two ways to increase the speed of a tiller:
- installation of large wheels;
- replacement of a gear pair.
Let us first consider how changing the wheels helps to increase the speed of the cultivator. The standard wheel size of almost all mini-unit models is 57 cm. When changing, tires that are 1.2 times larger in diameter can be installed. Usually wheels of 70.4 cm are used. Despite the small difference, the speed of the tiller increases markedly. If the arches into which the tires are inserted will allow you to insert wheels with a large diameter, then you can try adding centimeters.
Let’s consider how to increase the speed on the tiller in the second way. Like any technique, the cultivator has several speeds, which are controlled by gears. Usually cultivators move at a speed of 2 to 15 km / h, while the large gear has 61 teeth, and the small gear has 12. To increase the speed, the gear pairs of the reducer are replaced. We increase the number of teeth, thus reaching the maximum speed of the tiller.
The replacement is recommended to be carried out by professionals and preferably in specialized centers, since parts turned with a minimum error will affect the operation of the motor. Not only the replacement of the gear is important, but also the correct selection of the pulley.
Ways to increase speed on a tiller
Many farmers are wondering how to increase the tiller speed. The most common agricultural technique is the tiller. With its help, the performance of work on land and personal plots is greatly simplified. Let’s consider how you can increase the speed on this technique. With the increased speed, the productivity and cross-country ability of the mini-car will increase, which can be used in any season and weather.
How to decrease tiller speed
To solve certain tasks (plowing virgin lands and heavy soils), some models of tillers may be too fast, in which case it is necessary to reduce the speed.
Without resorting to changes in the equipment itself, you can use the crawler gear, which is present on many models. This option allows you to reduce the speed without reducing power, allowing you to work the soil more thoroughly.
To reduce the speed, you can reduce the diameter of the wheels or replace the gear pair in the wheel reducer by changing the gears. Gears of different sizes are usually installed, with the number of teeth of 61 and 12, in order to reduce the speed, it is necessary to replace them so that the number of teeth on the larger sprocket increases.