Do-it-yourself tracked all-terrain vehicle from a tiller
Do-it-yourself all-terrain vehicle from Tiller
How to make an all-terrain vehicle out of a tiller? Very simply, we look at the photo, which shows in detail the design of an all-terrain vehicle on low-pressure tires, made from an ordinary tiller.
The all-terrain vehicle is an indispensable technique for a mushroom picker-fisher, as well as a hunter. On such a technique it is much easier to get to the cherished fishing places and hunting grounds, and you do not need to drag all the equipment on yourself, it can be loaded onto an all-terrain vehicle.
Not everyone can afford to buy an all-terrain vehicle, but everyone can do it with their own hands, if desired.
To make homemade products, you need a tiller or cultivator. The more powerful the engine on it, the faster the all-terrain vehicle will go. This tiller is equipped with a 6 hp “Subaru” gasoline engine, and this power is quite enough.
The standard tiller wheels will be too small, so you will have to make larger wheels. To do this, you can use cameras from trucks, this all-terrain vehicle has cameras from GAZ-66. For such cameras, you need to make homemade wheels as shown in the photo.
You will also need to make a trolley. an adapter for the tiller. We attach a seat and a trunk for transporting goods and equipment on the trolley.
In the very design of the tiller, nothing needs to be redone. The torque is transmitted from the engine to the reduction gear and to the axle with a pair of wheels. The power of the tiller is enough to carry one person and a small load.
Low-pressure tires significantly increase the tiller’s cross-country ability, he rides like a real all-terrain vehicle, through mud, swamp, snow and ice. The only thing you need to pay attention to is the wheel chambers, they are very easy to pierce. Some craftsmen wrap cameras with another layer of rubber or fire hose sleeves. In general, here you can experiment and improve your all-terrain vehicle.
Do you like the idea? Here is another home-made option. an all-terrain vehicle from a tiller with caterpillars on wheels.
DIY caterpillar all-terrain vehicle: drawings, photos, video
Homemade tracked all-terrain vehicle: drawings, photos of step-by-step production, as well as video tests of the all-terrain vehicle on land and water.
The all-terrain vehicle is an indispensable assistant in off-road conditions, with its help you can go to the very wilderness of the forest for hunting, fishing, pull a trailer of firewood from the forest or pull out a stuck car from the mud.
In this article, we will look at how to make a do-it-yourself crawler all-terrain vehicle.
First, let’s get acquainted with the brief technical characteristics of the all-terrain vehicle:
- The length of the all-terrain vehicle. 2.9 m.
- Width. 1.5 m.
- VAZ 2108 engine.
- Gearbox VAZ 2108.
- Rear axle from Zhiguli classics.
- Tracks. metal channel 40 x 40 mm.
- Maximum speed. 27 km / h.
Tracked all-terrain vehicle drawings.
The following are photos of the step-by-step production of a tracked all-terrain vehicle.
For assembly, sheet metal, a profile pipe, a channel and a conveyor belt (thickness 13 mm) for caterpillars were purchased.
The first step was to make the skeleton.
Assembling a boat frame for an all-terrain vehicle.
Driving sprockets for all-terrain vehicle tracks are made of rims.
Made a device for drilling holes in the conveyor belt.
As a result, the metal profiles began to bend and they had to be strengthened.
The engine is installed on the all-terrain vehicle.
The propeller shaft was taken from the VAZ 2106.
A kenguryatnik is installed, the windshield is taken from the rear window of the Oka, a wiper is installed.
Made arcs for the awning.
The all-terrain vehicle confidently pulls the loaded trailer.
Several videos where the author shows the capabilities of his all-terrain vehicle.
sailing tracked all-terrain vehicle.
running an all-terrain vehicle at full speed.
How to make an all-terrain vehicle with your own hands from a tiller
We will consider how to make an all-terrain vehicle with our own hands from a tiller using the example of a light all-terrain vehicle, which is called a karakat or simply a pneumatic. It is equipped with large cameras, which increases cross-country ability in strong off-road conditions. From the point of view of design, such light all-terrain vehicles, made by hand, are very easy to manufacture, since they do not have a complex technical base. Thanks to this, they received recognition from many home craftsmen.
How to make an all-terrain vehicle with your own hands from a tiller and find an unpretentious and reliable assistant in the household? To do this, we will highlight the main stages in creating the design of a wonderful all-terrain vehicle.
- Choosing the basis for the future all-terrain vehicle. It is possible to use a frame from a motorcycle IZH or URAL and any other parts that are at hand. The all-terrain vehicle from IZH has more maneuverability, so it is more in demand when crossing uneven terrain. slopes and ravines.
- We manufacture the rear axle and suspension. To do this, we connect the used spars with a strut, a special rack and a steering sleeve. The result is independent front and rear suspension. This suspension is very important for all types of light off-road vehicles. When passing uneven terrain, it is she who will provide the self-propelled gun with softness and maneuverability.
- We attach the wheels. All types of light all-terrain vehicles are equipped with cameras from trucks. The camera is attached to the suspension using a metal hub. It has strong bands that braid the wheel across. Low pressure chambers from Urals, KamAZ trucks and their trailers are used. Thanks to this, ease of steering is achieved, which increases the safety of movement on such an all-terrain vehicle.
- We install the engine and additional systems. After installing the suspension with wheels on the frame of the all-terrain vehicle, we install the tiller engine. At the same time, we connect all related systems: brakes, clutch, exhaust emission. When we have completed the assembly, we are testing the all-terrain vehicle. If during testing there were no deviations, you can proceed to full operation.
We make an all-terrain vehicle from a tiller, choose an engine and wheels
In the northern regions of our country, it is easy to move off-road in a car with increased cross-country ability. What can modern industry offer in such cases? Where can you find an inexpensive, economical, small all-terrain vehicle? Unfortunately, such samples are not currently on sale. Therefore, today we will tell you how to make an all-terrain vehicle from a tiller, based on your capabilities and needs. Today, two types of home-made all-terrain vehicles are popular. mechanisms using low-pressure pneumatics and tracked units.
How to make an all-terrain vehicle from a Tiller description and photo
Before making an all-terrain vehicle from a tiller, you need to decide what type of all-terrain vehicle is needed, based on your needs. If there is no experience with tracked mechanisms, we recommend starting with conventional pneumatics.
Next, you need to determine the operating conditions, capacity and carrying capacity of the all-terrain vehicle. After that, we proceed to creating sketches of the structure of the all-terrain vehicle. To do this, we outline the location of all units and assemblies of the future machine.
You cannot use any engine to create an all-terrain vehicle. It must have forced cooling. For this, engines from air-cooled or water-cooled chillers are perfect. In addition, the engine must have a large power reserve so that the all-terrain vehicle has the ability to move in any conditions.
To calculate the maximum power, the formula is used: nmax. = 10-3Nsp.mp, where the maximum power is nmax., The specific power per ton of weight is Nsp, its limits are set from 20 hp. up to 35 hp.
If you are going to use the ATV all year round, it is advisable to choose a four-stroke engine. They work more stably and easier to start at subzero temperatures.
What type of engine to choose for an all-terrain vehicle. diesel or gasoline?
There are no specific recommendations here, because each of them has its own pros and cons.
For use in all-terrain vehicles, engines of domestic production have proven themselves well: M-67 from motorcycles and automobile engines of the Zaz family. Also, there are often engines based on tractor launchers. Recently, home-made all-terrain vehicles from tillers have become widespread. This is due to the fact that many inexpensive Chinese chillers with engines of sufficient power have appeared on the markets. Such motors have shown their reliability and unpretentiousness at a fairly low price.
To create a running gear, it is desirable to use an independent wheel suspension. Despite the more sophisticated technology, they provide a more comfortable environment for the driver and passengers. Excellent results can be achieved by using them in conjunction with low pressure pneumatic wheels.
In the manufacture of the frame, two types of construction are used: spatial and flat. Also for tracked vehicles. one-piece, for wheeled vehicles. articulated. You can use the articulated frame structure for the tracked all-terrain vehicle, which will give more ground for the development of design ideas.
However, the great complexity of the articulated frame is little used to create do-it-yourself all-terrain vehicles. In order to make a frame for an all-terrain vehicle, you will need corners, channels and pipes of different sizes and sections.
Using a homemade rover
Let’s also look at the possibilities of using a light all-terrain vehicle. Usually, people call light all-terrain vehicles pneumatics, because of the installed low-pressure wheels. These machines are simply irreplaceable in mud, swampy areas, riverbeds. They have good buoyancy and can easily cross small water obstacles.
Also, pneumatics are used for hunting or fishing trips, when you need to cover a long distance. Typically, such an all-terrain vehicle is capable of speeds up to 75 km / h. In the absence of roads, this is quite enough.
Simple homemade all-terrain vehicle from Tiller
I made myself a very simple all-terrain vehicle from a tiller, now I can drive where the Niva and UAZ get stuck.
The simplest all-terrain vehicle can be made from a tiller. The permeability of such a technique is simply awesome, it will pass where an SUV gets stuck. Indeed, in comparison with a car, such a tiller-all-terrain vehicle weighs several times less, and low-pressure wheels provide it with high cross-country ability.
The peculiarity of low-pressure wheels is a large volume of air chambers, which creates low pressure and increases the area of support on the ground surface.
Homemade mini all-terrain vehicle, shown in these photos, I think there is nothing difficult in this design.
It took a minimum of alterations here. I attached an adapter trolley to the tiller, which consists of a frame made of metal corner knots. A seat from the car and an axle with a pair of wheels are installed on the frame. The rear axle is mounted on housing bearings.
A little about the wheels. For their manufacture, wheels and cameras from a UAZ car were needed. Cameras are fixed to discs with belts.
The reduction gear remained unchanged. Some say that with such a load, it will not last long, but so far it works flawlessly.
In fact, the entire all-terrain vehicle consists of: a tiller, a trolley, a chair and four low-pressure wheels.
I want to note that after replacing the standard tiller wheels with larger diameter wheels, the speed of the all-terrain vehicle increased significantly.
The all-terrain vehicle-tiller is a versatile vehicle for the village. With its help, you can go fishing, in the forest to pick mushrooms, berries, bring firewood. When the roads are covered with snow, so you can’t even drive on the Niva, you can get anywhere on an all-terrain vehicle.
Two main schemes are popular among home-builders. tracked vehicles and units on low-pressure pneumatics, with these examples we will get acquainted with the machines.
The principle of creating an all-terrain vehicle on wheels
First, decide on your needs and understand what type of car you want to make. Much depends on the conditions and personal desire, so it is difficult to recommend something.
- if you have no experience with goose mechanisms. type, then start with simple pneumatics;
- decide on the operating conditions, capacity, carrying capacity and, based on these data, outline the general concept of the future machine;
- go to the sketch design of the all-terrain vehicle, on which, in general terms;
- outline the layout and location of all components and assemblies of the vehicle, do not forget about the driver with passengers if the vehicle is multi-seater.
Now let’s decide on the operating conditions, characteristics such as capacity and carrying capacity. With this information in mind, outline the concept of the machine in the future and go to the draft type all-terrain vehicle project, where, in general, there is the layout and location of each unit and unit of the vehicle. It is important to remember about the driver, passengers, their number in order to calculate the seats for them.
All-terrain vehicles, which are quite difficult to manufacture, have advantages and disadvantages. On the positive side, this is good cross-country ability; in this respect, tracked models have no competitors. Cars of this class are often produced using VAZ engines, so their fuel consumption is higher compared to others, but there is also enough power reserve, unlike analogues with motorcycle power units.
The negative qualities are high fuel consumption and high cost of the all-terrain vehicle. Even though many components may be in stock, the cost is higher when compared to wheeled models.
Models on low pressure tires (LPC)
They are created on the basis of a frame and an engine from a motorcycle. It is much easier to make a 3-wheel SHND all-terrain vehicle than a model made of a caterpillar, while there are no difficult-to-manufacture elements, and component parts are much cheaper and more affordable, the same power unit from a motorcycle will cost less. Of course, the degree of convenience is lower, but you can make a small cabin on a homemade karakat and equip it with a heating device.
How to make a homemade wheeled all-terrain vehicle
An example of a drawing of an all-terrain vehicle on low-pressure tires
It makes sense to equip the base unit with a reduction gear. The reason is that the best torque indicators for gasoline and diesel engines are at a crankshaft speed of about 75-85% of the maximum.
The engine must have a forced cooling system. When driving at low speed, the incoming flow will not be enough to maintain optimal thermal conditions.
Homemade tracked all-terrain vehicles with their own hands
The use of tracks will help to reduce the specific ground pressure. The weight is distributed over the entire track area. Such an all-terrain vehicle based on a tiller is able to overcome sand, wetlands, steep climbs and other obstacles.
Read more in the article about a snowmobile on tracks with your own hands.
Some do-it-yourselfers make metal track links from plates more than 5 mm thick. Rings from water pipes are welded to the plates. Another version of the track links is made entirely of PVC pipes, cut lengthwise. The tracks are attached to each other on a conveyor belt or other base.
It is easier to make tracks from composite materials. For this, fiberglass and epoxy are used. Glass-polymer reinforcement is used as a frame. Track links are made in special shapes. After making the required amount, they are collected into a caterpillar. In the manufacture of tracks from composite materials, elements for articulation are used from wear-resistant steels.
There are options for using timber tracks. They will need to be impregnated with protective mixtures.
The easiest way to make a tiller-based ATV track is to use a conveyor belt. One track requires two lanes. They are connected in a ring, and then a caterpillar is created using pieces of steel pipe.
IT’S FINISHED! Tracked Amphibious Vehicle Build Ep. 25
In the video, you can see the option of making a waterproof case that is kept afloat. In this case, the tracked mover will allow you to move not only on the ground, but also on the water. The result is an amphibious all-terrain vehicle. For hunting and fishing, it will be indispensable.
Where to begin?
First you need to decide, in accordance with your needs, what type of all-terrain vehicle you are going to build. It all depends on the specific conditions and personal desire, so it is difficult to advise something. The only thing, if you have no experience with tracked mechanisms, perhaps you should start with a simple pneumatics.
Next, we determine the operating conditions, capacity and carrying capacity and, based on these data, we outline the general concept of the future machine. After that, you can proceed to the outline design of the all-terrain vehicle, on which, in general terms, the layout and location of all components and assemblies of the vehicle are outlined, do not forget about the driver with passengers if the vehicle is multi-seat.
On a note: to make it easier to make layout sketches, make scale models of the main units of the machine out of thick paper and stock up on paper figures of little people on the same scale. it will be much more convenient at the initial stage than to draw the same contours over and over again in search of the optimal location.
Homemade ATVs do it yourself
From plastic pipes
You can use pieces of plastic pipe as tracks on a goose for a snowmobile. To do this, cut the plastic water pipe 0 into lengths equal to the width of the caterpillar. Use a circular saw to cut each piece lengthwise into two equal halves, or use a circular saw for wood.
The resulting tracks must be attached at regular intervals to the conveyor belt with furniture bolts with large hemispherical caps.
Homemade caterpillars for a tiller with your own hands
To increase the throughput of the tiller and use it as an all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile, you can equip it with tracks. They can be purchased ready-made, but they are expensive, and it is not always possible to find the right option for your tiller. There are several ways how to make a caterpillar for a tiller with your own hands.
Using our recommendations, you can easily turn your wheeled trailer into a tracked all-terrain vehicle. At the same time, you will not need expensive materials and too much time.
Of belts and chains
In order to make a tracked all-terrain vehicle from a tiller, you can use conventional V-shaped belts. The connection of the belts to each other is carried out by grousers attached to them on rivets or screws. This gives us a belt track.
To make a goose from chains (chain tracks), you need to take two pieces of the same chain of the required length.
- The end links of both segments are expanded in order to connect them into two closed rings.
- The unclenched links are clamped again, and then welded for strength.
- Sections are cut from steel of the required thickness, which will serve as lugs.
- The lugs are bolted at both ends to the links of both closed chains, thus forming a raised track on the tiller.
Homemade track links
You can also make your own homemade goose tracks from any suitable material. The main thing to consider is how much work you are going to give your tiller.
From conveyor belt
This method is the simplest, since it does not require a large number of special tools and auxiliary materials.
- When choosing a belt for a caterpillar, give preference to a strip with a thickness of at least 7 mm, because it has a fairly large load. Hitching with moving parts will be provided by a sleeve-roller chain.
- To give the tape strength and increase its operational life, it is recommended to sew along the edges of the tape with frequent stitches with a step of about 10 mm.
- It is also necessary to sew the tape along the ends in order to connect it into a ring of the required diameter, or use, for greater reliability, hinges resembling a piano canopy.
- Make sure that the additional wheelset you install on the tiller frame is the same diameter as the main wheels on the tiller.
From wooden blocks
Sometimes, if the load on the goose is not very large, birch blocks can be used as tracks. They are not particularly durable for heavy loads, but they are lightweight, affordable, and a track with such tracks can be repaired at any convenient place.
From the tire
It is enough just to make a durable reliable goose for the tiller from a tire. The process of manufacturing from a car tire does not take too long, since it does not need to be stitched and lugs built up. the tire itself is a closed structure with a tread for traction.
Tires from wheels for trucks or tractors with a pronounced tread pattern are best suited for a caterpillar.
The manufacturing process is divided into several stages:
- With a very sharp knife dipped in soapy water to enhance the cutting ability on rubber, cut the tape for the goose of the required width.
- The sidewalls from the tire are cut off with a jigsaw with a file with a fine tooth.
- Hard parts on the inside of the tire are also cut off with a knife or jigsaw.
However, there are several points here that should be noted:
- The tread pattern should be clearly expressed, since its reliefs are a kind of lugs that increase the adhesion of the moving mechanism to the surface.
- The length of such a track is limited by the diameter of the tire, therefore, before attaching an additional pair of wheels, this should be taken into account.
The most reliable are metal tracks made of high quality iron. For this purpose, metal pipes or a profile cut into pieces of the required length are suitable. A profile metal pipe is cut according to the same principle as a plastic one and is attached to a conveyor belt with bolts.
However, metal tracks, despite their noticeable strength, also have their drawbacks: they are heavy compared to plastic and wooden ones, and can bend during use. To straighten the track, you need to remove it from the goose, and this is a laborious operation.
When choosing the material from which the track links will be made for your mini-all-terrain vehicle, you should evaluate the degree of load and operating conditions. To overcome the snowy expanses on a homemade snowmobile, light plastic or wooden tracks are perfect, and to use the tiller as a mini-tractor, it is still better to make a caterpillar with metal lugs.
In the instructions for assembling all-terrain vehicles, manufacturers give recommendations on how to work on the installation of the product, detailed drawings, and a sequence of operations. They include a list of tools that can be used to make homemade vehicles:
- Auto tool kit.
- Mechanical gripper for small parts.
- Chisel set.
- Mini Portable Flexible LED Bulb.
- Angle Grinder.
- Gas soldering iron.
- Household welding machine.
- Spray gun, etc.
A compact tracked all-terrain vehicle that helps it navigate through dense forest. The complete package includes the following additions:
- safety cage;
- hitch, etc.
Pelec mini easily overcomes forests, high steeps, steep banks, pits and ravines. Can stay in water for a long time due to the sealed body structure.
Karakat has a gasoline engine, centrifugal clutch and hydraulic disc brakes, spacious cabin for driver, passengers and luggage.
|Maximum speed on land||up to 30 km / h|
|Maximum water speed||up to 3 km / h|
|Price||from 287 thousand rubles.|
Assembly instructions for the tracked all-terrain vehicle
Kit manufacturers and individual craftsmen offer a detailed description of the assembly of tracked ATVs. This is one of the most difficult DIY options.
To work, you need the following details:
- Body. It is cut out of metal according to the required parameters or is based on VAZ.
- Metal sheets.
- Engine, gearbox, axles, steering wheel, levers and other parts of the chassis.
- Brake pads or disc systems.
- Interior seats made by hand or taken from other vehicles.
- Wheels and hubs.
- Tracks, track teeth, conveyor belt.
- Profiled pipe, etc.
The sequence of work is as follows:
- Assemble the drive axle, placing the gearbox and planetary gear.
- Mount the engine to the frame.
- Connect the motor to the drive wheels with a transmission installation.
- Put on the mechanisms of the body of the all-terrain vehicle.
- A caterpillar is assembled from tracks and canines on the basis of a conveyor belt.
Lightweight and passable option
For fishing or mushroom hunting, you need a small, inexpensive, but passable all-terrain vehicle. To do this, the rear axle is lightened in the design, a shortened base is used. An ATV is being built on the basis of Tiller.
Home-made snow and swamp-going vehicles with a Chinese or VAZ automobile engine, with a gearbox and other transmission units manufactured at enterprises of the domestic automotive industry have more power.
The main criteria for choosing a mini-all-terrain vehicle:
- Carrying capacity.
- Soil load.
Snow and swamp-going vehicle
These all-terrain vehicles with a sealed hull are capable of swimming, moving through swamps, snow, rough terrain. They are available on wheeled, tracked and complex tracked wheels. Low pressure tires are used for wheels.
Oil workers, gas workers, the Ministry of Emergency Situations move on factory-assembled all-terrain vehicles. Hunters and fishermen buy ready-made whale kits, build according to drawings proposed by other inventors, or come up with amphibian designs themselves and assemble home-made units. We use automotive components, Lifan engine.
Review of famous mini all-terrain vehicles
Every year, new models of small all-terrain vehicles from industrial auto enterprises and self-taught designers appear on the market. Vehicles differ from each other in terms of power, performance, functionality and price. Models are reviewed according to the unifying feature.
Among amphibians on tires, the following brands are noted:
- ZID Barkhan;
Their cost ranges from 170 to 330 thousand rubles.
The tracked range of mini-all-terrain vehicles is represented by the following models:
- Tinger Scout 420;
- Pelec Mini:
- Mirage T;
- Hunter and others.
They cost from 190 to 400 thousand rubles.
Drawings of various modifications
Homemade all-terrain vehicles are assembled according to the drawings of the kit manufacturers. But in Russia there are many craftsmen who offer their schemes.
They post detailed descriptions with calculations and diagrams on social networks.
There are special sites on the Internet that host various home-made devices. You can use the following types of drawings:
Differential Steering Unit. Tracked Amphibious Vehicle Build Ep. 3
- Schemes for ATVs on tracks or wheels.
- Description of individual components and assemblies.
- Layout options and exact dimensions for wheeled, tracked models.
- The design of the frame, bridges, wheel alignment units, steering knuckle, etc.
When designing and constructing, the car owner can take advantage of the suggestions of the masters, make his own adjustments and get a convenient transport for himself.