Drill drills do it yourself
The processing of parts on a lathe occurs due to the rapid revolutions of the workpiece around its axis, which are provided by a spindle rotating from an electric motor, in this case it is a drill chuck. The cutting element is manually fed from the side, perpendicular to the rotating workpiece, or penetrates inward, depending on the type of work being performed.
The lathe is used for internal and external machining of metal, wood or plastic parts:
- screw-cutting works;
- trimming and processing of ends;
The workpiece is clamped in the machine between the torque-providing element (drill chuck) and the clamping guide sleeve. The clamping sleeve is placed on special runners and is fixed in the desired position with a nut. The length of the runners will determine the size of the workpiece that can be installed in the unit.
In this case, with the independent manufacture of the machine, the length of the runners is determined individually according to the wishes and needs of the owner.
The drill is fixed in the bed “tightly”.
Features of the use of machines
Working with a drill while holding the tool with only hands significantly limits its capabilities. The weight of the tool and vibration do not allow the drill to be rigidly fixed in the desired position. But if you think over and design a special bed, where it will be stably attached, then an ordinary hand drill will turn into a professional, almost industrial equipment.
You can independently make the following types of machines from a drill:
over, after replacing the working or cutting element, the machines become interchangeable. Provide two-in-one function, such as drilling and milling machine, lathe and grinding. It all depends on the installation conditions and the needs of the owner.
The power of the machines and their capabilities will depend on the type of drill (the power of its electric motor), the method of fastening, since it is in this case that it acts as the main working part of the equipment.
Types of machines
Despite the self-made assembly, each machine allows the production of a wide range of parts of varying complexity and configuration. With the correct installation of the unit, it will practically not be inferior to professional factory counterparts in terms of accuracy and speed of operation.
If you use a high-power drill, designed for long-term trouble-free operation, then on such a machine it is possible to establish serial production or processing of various elements.
At home, such machines are able to fully satisfy household needs for the repair of furniture, cars, bicycles and many other things of everyday use. They will help you implement many design solutions without the need to go to specialized workshops.
Each type of machine provides for the performance of different work and has its own characteristics.
Required materials and tools
The torque-generating element, and accordingly the main working part in each type of machine is a drill. The type of processing will largely depend on the nozzle installed in its chuck. Therefore, they will need identical materials to assemble.
To assemble a lathe, grinder:
- rectangular metal or wooden base, bed;
- clamping sleeve;
- a pressure headstock, which will be attached to the drill chuck;
- runners for the clamping sleeve;
- seat for fixing the drill.
Materials for assembling a drilling, milling machine:
- square bed;
- a metal stand on which the spindle with a fixed drill will move;
- spring corresponding to the diameter of the rack;
- workpiece table;
- pin for fixing the table.
Of the tools you will need:
- hacksaw for wood or metal;
- fasteners. bolts, screws, nuts;
- welding machine.
If you plan to manufacture a metal machine, then a prerequisite will be the presence of a welding machine. Since the machine is intended more for home use, its drawings and dimensions of the constituent elements are set individually.
A milling machine is used to process metal and wood blanks using a milling cutter. a tool with special cutters, teeth. During operation, the cutter, turning around its axis, removes a part of the outer layer from the workpiece, giving it the required shape.
Grinding and other works are performed with the help of a cutter:
- gear manufacturing.
In the case of a homemade mini-unit, the milling nozzle is clamped into a drill chuck fixed to the bed. The workpiece is fed by hand or is also fixed in a special clamping device.
With the help of a grinding machine, various surfaces are cleaned, making them smooth. Also, grinding helps to change the shape of the workpiece, to give it the desired structural appearance, for example, in the woodworking version of the equipment.
As a rule, sandpaper is used as a grinding element. A special nozzle is clamped into the drill chuck, which has a rough surface. a grinding block.
There are nozzles that provide for the replacement of the grinding material. a sheet of sandpaper is fixed on their flat working surface with the help of special “Velcro” located on the back side.
The grinding process is carried out by processing the workpiece with a nozzle with a grinding coating rotating in the drill chuck. Thanks to abrasive spraying on sandpaper, it removes part of its surface from the workpiece.
During the manufacture of the machine, the drill is clamped and fixed in the bed in one position, and the workpiece is fed manually.
An additional stand can be used as a stop for the workpiece. for convenience, it can be placed on runners, just like in the case of a lathe.
A drilling machine is necessary to form holes in various surfaces. both flat and multifaceted elements made of wood, metal, plastic, glass. The diameter of the hole and the material of the part is determined by the type of cutting element used. drills.
The principle of operation of the unit is based on the fact that the mechanism that provides the torque of the cutting element (in our case, the drill) is located directly perpendicular to the surface to be treated on a special bed. a spindle fixed to the rack. When lowering the spindle, the drill enters the surface and makes a hole in it.
The main advantage of working on a machine over manual processing is that the hole is more accurate. The fixed drill can be sharply focused and directed to the desired location.
You can fix the drill on an additional longitudinal bar located perpendicular to the lowering / raising spindle on its body. this will allow you to move the fixed tool not only vertically, but also horizontally.
Considering that by the type of processing, home machines will be interchangeable, and the nozzle installed in the drill will play a decisive role, we will consider two main options for homemade units. horizontal and vertical.
The assembly procedure for a vertical machine is as follows.
- Cut a 50 x 50 cm square base from a piece of metal or wood, 10 to 20 mm thick.
- Exactly in the center at a distance of 1-2 cm from the edge, drill a hole in it for mounting the rack. The diameter of the rack must be at least 5 cm.
- Install the stand, center it with a level and weld with a welding electrode. If a wooden machine is made and the rack is wooden, then rigidly fix it with self-tapping screws.
- Fix the drill with metal clamps on a movable element that will be put on the rack, forming a lowering / raising spindle.
- Put the spring on the rack. Its length must be at least 2/3 of the rack.
- After placing the drill on the stand, mark the place where the drill will fall when lowering the spindle.
- According to this place, cut two through hollows in the bed crosswise.
- A table is installed in the hollow on a threaded pin, on which the workpiece will be attached. A nut is screwed onto the pin from the bottom side, it will fix the table in the desired position. From the outside, you can attach the table to the pin with a nut, sinking it into the surface of the table so that it does not interfere with the stacking of the workpieces.
- It is important that after fixing with a nut, the length of the outer part of the pin is flush with the top surface of the table.
The workpiece is placed on the table (if necessary, it is fixed with clamps) and moves along the grooves in the desired direction. The drill is lowered by hand, raised back by a spring. To convert the machine into a milling or grinding machine, it is enough to replace the drill with the appropriate attachment. a milling cutter or a grinding block.
The assembly algorithm for a horizontal machine looks like this.
- Cut rectangular bed. dimensions are determined individually.
- On one edge, fix a seat for a drill with a hollow in the upper part corresponding to the size of the tool.
- Fix the drill on it with a clamp.
- Cut a through groove for the pin along the bed, and install two metal corners along the edges, along which the pressure sleeve will move.
- The width of the clamping sleeve must exactly match the distance between the guide angles (runners). From below, a threaded pin is screwed into it, which will move in the hollow.
- By moving the sleeve close to the drill chuck, determine the place where a special headstock will be installed for fixing the workpieces.
- Attach the headstock to the bushing with a centrally positioned metal tapered pin.
- The sleeve is fixed in the desired position (for clamping the workpiece) with a nut screwed onto the pin from below.
Just like the previous one, this machine can be used not only as a lathe, but also as a milling or grinding machine. You just need to clamp the necessary working element in the drill chuck. a cutter, a grinding block, a drill.
In both versions, it is necessary to provide special adjustable legs for the bed.
If the bed lies flat on a workbench or table, it will become impossible to adjust and fix the clamping sleeve on a horizontal machine or a table for workpieces on a vertical.
Let’s create a machine with our own hands
On a solid, stable base, such as a workbench, is attached a turning attachment for the drill, representing the headstock. It must create conditions for the installation of the spindle so that the holes with the rear part are coaxial. As an example of creating a base, you can use the drawings of the proposed nodes.
An electric drill, which simultaneously serves as a headstock and an electric rotation drive, is fixed to such a surface using a clamp and a clamp fixed to the tool neck. However, it is possible to mount the drill on a hill above the bed, and then the second attachment point rises to the same height. There are many options for how to make a lathe out of a drill. The main thing is that the principle of axial alignment and reliable fixation of the workpiece is observed. It is to stabilize each node that it is important to think over the fasteners of clamps, drills.
In the process of work, you need to remember about the possible heating of the tool and while stopping the engine for rest.
Each job requires a certain amount of equipment power. Therefore, to create chess figures, a miniature machine is needed, and in order to create a curly lining of the sideboard, the dimensions of the bed and the power drive will have different parameters.
Drill machines do it yourself video
For this project I used two wooden handles which are very easy to make.
We have to make two circles and divide them equally between 6 parts. Then we drill these 6 marked points and finally cut the circle with a saw.
To give it a nicer look, we grind the piece and finally insert a wood insert into the wood (threaded).
Universal homemade machine from a drill. video
After several tests, I am very pleased with the result. It does not take up much space in the workshop and this is a huge plus!
Cut 3cm at the bottom of the tailstock and drill the center.
Insert the double-threaded screw and screw one of the wooden handles onto the lathe bed. This system will help us adjust the distance depending on the part we are going to process.
The result was very good as it offers a lot of resistance and strength.
Making a machine tool using an asynchronous motor
The absence of an extra electric drill on the farm is not a reason to abandon the idea of making a drilling machine with your own hands. Any electric motor can be used to drive the rotation mechanism of such equipment. Such engines, which were previously installed on various equipment, will certainly be found in the garage or workshop of any home craftsman.
Asynchronous motors, which are equipped with washing machines, are best suited for the manufacture of a mini drilling machine. If you have such a motor, you can confidently apply it to your home drilling equipment. Making drilling equipment with such an engine at home is somewhat more difficult than using a drill, but the power of such a machine will be much higher.
Given the fact that an induction motor weighs more than a conventional drill, you will need a more powerful base and stand to accommodate the feeder.
In order for such a mini drilling and filler machine to vibrate less during operation, it is necessary to install the engine on a strong base and place it as close to the rack as possible. But here it is important to maintain the correct distance, since the convenience of mounting a belt drive depends on it, due to which rotation from the engine will be transmitted to the drilling head.
In order for you to be able to make such a machine at home, you will need the following structural elements:
- the hex on which the pulley will be put on;
- two bearings;
- tubes in the amount of two pieces, one of which must be with an internal thread;
- clamping ring, which must be made of solid steel.
The hexagon also connects to the metal tube, bearing and clamping ring. Such a connection must be very reliable so that the resulting node does not collapse during operation.
Drilling machine with asynchronous motor
The mechanism necessary to ensure the supply of the tool in such a mini machine should consist of a tube, on which cuts are previously made, and gears. The tube will move by connecting its teeth to these cuts. In this tube, the height of which must correspond to the value of the required feed of the tool, then an axle with a hexagon is pressed.
Serves as a lathe support. On a compact device, it is a stop for the cutters, which are held in the hands of the operator. Must be able to move along the bed and be securely fixed in the working position.
This is necessary so that the cutter lever from the handguard to the workpiece is as short as possible. Otherwise, it may simply be torn out of the hands, which will lead to injury and damage to the workpiece.
A movable unit that provides a clamping of the workpiece to the spindle (chuck). The main principle is perfect alignment with the headstock. This component of the machine must move freely along the bed, allowing you to install a workpiece of any length.
A correctly designed tailstock has a fine adjustment of the stop taper. After fixing the assembly, the clamping force can be adjusted.
Machine bed (base)
It is the basis of any stationary power tool. It determines the relative position of the main parts of the machine, and ensures the stability of the structure.
If the bed is massive enough and has its own legs, the tool is installed on the floor and actually becomes stationary. The compact bed is mounted on a table or workbench, and then the machine can be easily transferred to any convenient place.
Making a lathe out of a drill over the weekend
Having spent a certain amount of money, you can purchase a ready-made copy and deal with the processing of wooden and metal products in a home workshop.
But domestic Kulibins are not looking for easy ways, and strive to make a homemade machine from scrap materials.
A primitive lathe from a drill
I must say that despite the seeming complexity, this is one of the most affordable devices to manufacture. The technological level of the design is unlimited, and is determined by the materials that you managed to find.
DIY drill lathe in two days
- Making a lathe out of a drill over the weekend
- What the simplest lathe consists of
- Machine bed (base)
- The assistant
- Another way to make a lathe yourself
- Lathe accessories
What kind of devices were not made from an ordinary hand drill! This power tool is so versatile that it can save money on the purchase of multiple handheld cutting machines.
Another way to make a lathe yourself
If you have a versatile workbench with a flat and sturdy tabletop, you can do without a bed. In this case, the drill is fixed on the table by the neck using a clamp with a clamp. This design combines both the headstock and the rotary drive.
The option of attaching a drill to a tabletop
Opposite the chuck, an emphasis is installed coaxially, playing the role of a tailstock. It can be made literally from a pair of bars and an adjusting screw, ground under the cone. You can fasten the device with a clamp. If the workpiece is not very massive, such a structure is quite efficient.
Stop for centering the workpiece along the axis
A bar of a suitable size, again secured with a clamp, can become a handy.
If you have time and material, you can make a simple wood machine, placed on an improvised bed.
Elementary lathe made of plywood and several bars
On such a device, you can grind handles for tools or doors, knobs and balusters for handrails, as well as other decorative elements made of wood.
Still, it’s best to make a lathe according to the rules. Having estimated the stock of raw materials. sketch the drawing. The dimensions and shape of the mounts are selected according to the available electric drill, and the estimated dimensions of the manufactured products.
Drawing of the placement of the tool and center on the bed
4 Amazing Homemade Tools. Using a Drill
You should have a rigid independent structure, on which the mutual alignment will not change. The bed is fixed to the table, and all other components move smoothly relative to the guide.
On such a machine, you can process workpieces of large diameter, only for this you need to purchase or make a plan washer with attachment to the drill chuck.
General view of the lathe
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The location on the bed allows you to turn your fixture into a metal lathe. Only processing steel blanks will still not work.
And to make cylindrical products from aluminum alloys, bronze or brass is easy.
A critical unit on which the spindle or chuck with a rotary drive is attached. As a rule, in compact models, this unit can move along the bed, but only for adjusting the relative position of machine components or centering.
The headstock must be securely fixed during operation. On large stationary lathes, this part is generally integral with the bed.
What the simplest lathe consists of
Drawing for making a homemade lathe