Hiller for the Neva power tiller with his hands

How to mount a single axle plow on a tractor

hiller, neva, power, tiller

In order to prevent the rocker arm from detaching or breaking the single axle tractor during work, the rocker arm must be securely fastened with bolt fasteners. When installing the planter on a single-axle tractor, it is necessary to fine-tune the angle of attack, the depth of immersion, which should be less than that of the plow.

Before starting work with the power tiller, it is necessary to correctly attach the rocker arm to it, for this purpose perform the following sequence of actions:

  • On a single-axle tractor, install wheels, hitch.
  • Use the attachment to connect the plow head for the tiller to the machine. It is important that the stand is in a vertical position, this will help you set the right angle of attack.
  • To make the buttplow lower than the bearing surface of the ground, lower the attachment to the ground, just slightly submerge it.
  • Make a test okra, see how properly adjusted the angle of attack, the width between the beds. If all is well, get to work.

For the effective and long life of a two-row power tiller, you need to follow some simple rules:

  • Before you start work you must check that all fasteners, connections of rotating elements and axles are secure;
  • Make sure that there are no foreign objects on the beds, which can get under the plow;
  • Wear special gloves;
  • After completing the work carefully rinse, clean the equipment from the ground, loose dirt, dry;
  • Store equipment in dry, non-humid place to avoid corrosion.

Thus, the use of different types of attachments for power tillers is a reliable helper for processing potatoes in households. Self-manufacturing of the perch for the power tiller is better to do on the advice of the masters with their own hands it will show the talent of the mechanic.

Operating tips

Even if the steps of making an okulok were observed and everything is done correctly, it is important to learn how to use it, adjust it correctly and sharpen the parts. After assembly the unit is tested on the site. The quality of work will depend on the condition of the soil, the climate, and the weather on the day of plowing.

Regulate the mechanism as follows

  • Run the sprayer on the ground, set the angle of inclination of elements and depth of plunge. This should not exceed the total length of the product.
  • The machine must not throw the soil around, or make the furrow look bad.

Do not use the equipment if there are animals or children nearby. Do not use the machine if it is out of order, nor leave it unattended.

Different models of planter

Hiller is the second most important tool after plough and winch. It can be used to first make furrows for planting and then to cover them with the planting material.

Leading the planter along the rows of evenly planted potatoes you can observe how the wings of the tool quite quickly fill up the soil in the hole with tubers

Leveling the Soil by Using Power Tiller in Paddy Field First Time/ Power Tiller Video 2021/Land

On sale you can find several models of this tool.

Option #1. the lister plow

This is the simplest type of tool, which has a fixed working width. It is made up of two connected and slightly extended fixed wings. Because the wings are fixed, the working width cannot be adjusted to fit between the rows. So when working with this kind of tool, the row-spacing is adjusted to the possibilities of the planter, but not vice versa. Traditionally, manufacturers produce items with a working width of 25-30 cm, which is also not the most convenient option, because the potato cultivation technology requires a row spacing of 50-60 cm.

These tools are designed to work with rotary tillers with less than 3.5 liters horsepower.с., and the total weight of the machine is 25-30 kg

The peculiarity of the design of lister rocker arms is also the presence of thin legs that prevent the overloading of the machine when the rocker arm sinks into a layer of dense soil.

Some models of the licker radiator have a streamlined shape, which is preferable because it causes less soil erosion and drying out of the ground.

Variant #2. products with variable working width

Such tools are more convenient in operation, as they are equipped with an adjusting mechanism which can help change the position of wings. This allows the tool to be adjusted to different row widths.

These power tillers are designed for use with larger engine powered power tillers with 4.0 liters or larger.с. and more, weighing more than 30 kg

A significant disadvantage of such designs is their high power consumption. The reason for this is that during operation the tool wings push soil to the side, some of which still falls back into the furrow after passing. As a result, your back and arms get tired quicker, and part of the engine power is wasted on useless work. But even so, they are one of the most popular models among most gardeners.

See also  Tiller Ural with Lifan engine remake

Option #3. the disk models

The disk hoes are much more expensive than their traditional counterparts, but they are many times more efficient

The main advantages of disk tedders are:

  • Successful combination of a power tiller and machine. When using the disc trowel, the power of the rotary tiller is increased when the speed of the machine is reduced. That not only makes for more effective cultivation, but also has a positive effect on the machine’s performance.
  • Ease of use. This tool requires a minimum of effort to work with: it pushes itself forward without requiring additional pushing from behind.
  • Versatility of use. Using this tool, you can perform hilling both after planting the tubers, and during the active growth of the above-ground part of the crops.

Choosing among the variety of assortment, it is desirable to give preference to models made of alloy steel, equipped with roller bearings (not sliding bushings), with a large diameter and thickness of the discs.

Option #4. Propeller-type weed beaters

The principle of operation of the tool is the work of special propellers, under the action of which the soil is first crushed and weeds are combed out, and after the loose soil is mowed seedbeds

These riders are designed for power tillers and power tillers that have two forward gears. This is necessary so that in second gear with an increase in power to 180 rpm., With the help of the tool you can not only loosen, but also throw the soil into the beds from between the rows.

How to make a simple rocker for a power tiller with your own hands: drawings and video

To work you need to prepare the welding equipment, a hammer, a vice, an angle grinder on metal, a pencil, mounts for the separation of the sides, a drill with a drill bit on metal (drill press), a sheet of metal 2 or 3 mm, a hacksaw and other tools and materials. Use the dimensions given in the blueprints for the parts you want to make

I. Preparing the parts for the rocker arm

At this stage you need to make a drawing of all the parts and transfer them to paper or fabric. If you have a piece of waterproofing material or thick agrospan left over in your garage, it can be an excellent base for making parts instead of paper. The outlined templates should be cut out, attached to the metal and outlined with a pencil. Arrange the workpieces on the sheet so that there are fewer scraps when sawing them. this will help save metal. Now you need to cut out the details from the sheet with an angle grinder.

In order to qualitatively and quickly cut out the desired parts on a sheet of metal, you need to use an iron disk. The marked mowing lines first need to be cut at the top by 1 mm, so that the drawing is not frayed and the accuracy of the details does not change. Then make full cuts in the metal and cut out each piece. Rub in the edges.

II. Bending parts and welding the body

First weld the two halves of the front of the headstock. To do this, they must be bent so that the radii of the blanks coincide. Use a hammer and an anvil to make the curve. The front piece is welded solid on the face and at several points on the inside corner for extra strength. Grind away the seam with an angle grinder or file.

How best to make the front part of the rocker?

The nose of the front part of the tool can be made as a triangular-shaped piece of metal. Bend of the triangle can be made by putting a metal plate under the bottom (with the rib to the bend location), or by clamping the triangle in a vice until the bend line is mowed. Use a hammer to bend the part to the desired angle. After the sock is welded to the front part.

The two wings of the rocker arm are bent in the same way as shown in the photo. The sides can be welded to the front thoroughly or fixed with hinges and bolts. The last option allows you to adjust the width of the row to be perched. To create a movable version, you’ll need to weld four ears on each edge of the front end from the inside. And, accordingly, two lugs on the edges of the joint parts of each wing. Join the parts together with bolts. Ears or hinges can be replaced by nuts with screws. On top of the nuts, a 50 angle piece, about 18 cm long, is welded to the nuts. Cut off the angle at a 45 degree angle. To fix the chosen wingspan (row width), weld the loops to the inside of the blades. Pre-insert the strips with holes for the bolt that will fix the wings to the post into the hinges.

III. Final Assembly

Next, we need to make a sole for the toolbar, the side bars with holes for adjusting the blades and the central post, which will also connect the head to the tiller. Central post should be made of 10 mm metal. If you want to adjust not only the width but also the height of the rocker, you can weld a U-shaped strip with holes to the inner corner of the center part (see. photo and video).

Through the end part of the slat there will be a “shoe”. a stand, adjustable with a bolt. All parts are welded and deburred with a file or angle grinder. Mounting to the tiller is done based on the ready-made locks on the machine itself.

What types of planters are available?

The tool for ditching seedbeds can be purchased at a farm equipment store or made by your own hands.

Single row

This type of planter is often used for light types of soil. Furrows can be made by finishing the preliminary loosening of the soil with a cultivator.

Two-row

It cuts a couple of furrows before planting crops. It is also used for loosening and dibbling the soil. The device includes a frame on which two planters are fixed at the same time. Thanks to this feature the treatment process with such a tool saves much time. It can be attached to a single-axle tractor with a hitch. However, to work, this kind of perch needs a lot of resistance. that is why it is often used in combination with trailing hoes.

See also  uniaxial tractor Neva works intermittently

Propeller

These riders work with special propellers. Under their influence the soil is dug up and weeds are removed, and only then can you start loosening the beds. This option is used for power tillers with front drive and a couple of speeds. This is because power is increased to almost 200 rpm on the last speed.

Rotary

The wheels of this tool are replaced with spiral toothed rotors. In practice, this kind of planter shows an impressive level of performance in furrowing, loosening the soil and potato hoeing. Can be used on a three-speed tractor (two speeds and reverse). At the slowest speed, the tool perches the planting, and at the next speed. reclines the soil from the space between the row.

Disk

For soil cultivation it is universal. The working part is the steel concave discs. Plunging into the ground at a predetermined distance, they loosen it, thus forming a ridge. To make the use more efficient, the discs should be set at an angle vertically and in relation to the direction of travel of the equipment.

How to make a disc mower for your power tiller with your own hands is described below. Drawings and dimensions along with photos are attached to the description of how to make the tool.

Lister

Has a fixed working width. Often used on fairly weak power tillers with less than four horsepower. It can work on seedbeds that are about 30 cm wide. Has a thin strut and a pair of side wings. The stand protects the tool itself from overloading and mechanical damage. This type of okra can only be used on dry ground. soil buildup will greatly interfere with the moving parts of the structure.

You can also find lister nozzles, on which you can control the width of the ground. They are designed for more powerful power tillers. from four horsepower. This kind of tool can also be used to work with moist soil.

Types of the rocker and the technology of its construction

The creation of an arrow for the NEVA power tiller with your own hands can save much money. And it is not complicated if you work step by step according to the recommendations. The main thing is to have a welder, angle grinder, metal and fasteners at hand.

  • Disc setter for the Neva power tiller. There are two discs in the design, which are side by side, but at an angle to each other. They are attached to the frame, which in turn is connected to the tiller via a coupling. This ridge maker makes taller ridges, different from the other types. To create it you need: parts from the planter or metal 2 mm thick, which are mounted symmetrically at an angle to each other on bearings with seals at a distance of track width motoblock cold welding or bolts. It is better not to add anything of your own at the first assembly, and be completely guided by the already created drawings, and most importantly. clearly adhere to the measurements;
  • to connect the coupling bracket without drawbar, you can change the distance between the discs by rearranging the struts. The reel is connected to the hitch with a stopper, secured with washers and bolts, and the stopper itself is inserted into a square tube and tightened.
  • Active (propeller) hammer for Neva power tiller is installed only on mini-tractors with two forward gears, because only in the second gear it is possible to move the soil from between the rows in addition to tilling. The method of creation is similar to the previous one, except that the single axle tractor must have 2 front (!) gears and PTO. When assembling the perch, you need to make some bushings with brackets and additional metal blades.
  • Lister or double lister (double row) perch. The most primitive rocker, the construction of which consists of two sheets connected in such a way that the structure was similar to the wings. To assemble the lister double row rocker for the Neva power tiller you will need: 3 mm thick metal for the base, 4 mm thick steel plate for the hanger, 5 mm thick steel plate for the field board, 2 mm thick steel plate for the wings of the rocker (they should be slightly bent). In the tail of the equipment there are bars for controlling the slope of the wings. It is also possible to additionally install a wing adjustment system.

No matter which one you use, all butters should be cleaned and coated with Lithol-24 type grease after use. It must be stored indoors.

Disc coulter: the principle

This type of planter consists of a U-shaped frame and two discs attached to the ends of the frame at an angle (see Pic. photo). All parts can be made from improvised materials that can be found in every owner’s garage.

What you can use to make rims for an arbor?

If you have a couple of old metal cylinders lying around in your garage, this is the perfect material for making discs. The bottom of the cylinder is carefully cut off. The edges of the cut metal should be trimmed with an angle grinder, so that the discs will quickly and accurately groom the rows.

In the center there is a hole drilled for a bolt that will rotate the disc when the tiller is working. Bolts are welded to the metal pipe. Read more in the video:

The frame for the disk eradicator is made of square metal bars with a metal thickness of 5 mm or more. The maximum load is applied to the frame during work, so the thicker the metal, the more reliable the attachment on a single-axle tractor. A hitch with a power tiller is also welded from a thick-walled metal.

See also  DIY Tiller Film Layer

With the help of this machine the process of making furrows on the soil surface and filling them with planting material is carried out.

If you use an okuzer, the rows of planted potatoes will be even and spaced equidistant from each other. You can list several basic types of planter.

In order to choose the right okushitel for a power tiller, it is necessary to note for yourself their main features and characteristics. There are a lot of models of mowers, but the most common are the following:

Lister

This type is the simplest. They are distinguished by the fact that they have a strictly set width of the furrow, which will be covered by the device, and it cannot be changed, it does not depend on the distance between the rows. Usually the grip of such an implement is not more than thirty centimeters. A characteristic feature. the bucket is equipped with posts that do not allow the overloading of the tiller when working.

Disc coulter for power tiller

The same type is more efficient. The slower the tiller, the more power the tool has. This helps to prolong its life considerably. Disc units are also easier to handle. less effort is needed when working with them. And the most important advantage of this type is versatility. The unit can be used before planting or when the part above the ground is enlarged.

With varying working width

If we talk about the perchers, the width of which can be changed, it should be noted that they are used to work with powerful units weighing more than thirty kilograms.

Propeller type

Propeller-type tillers are used on those power tillers, which are equipped with two forward gears.

When choosing a potato mower for your power tiller, there are several other things to consider. It is better to use equipment of streamlined shape (plow-shaped dipper will do well), because they turn out the soil with less intensity, which does not allow it to lose moisture.

In addition, preference should be given to steel tools with a wider sheet width and with the presence of bearings. The size of the planter corresponds to the size of the power tiller and the length of the cultivated strip of land.

Types of planter

Hiller. this is special equipment, which is designed for tillage of the soil furrow. The essence of its work is that the earth is evenly distributed on both sides of the furrow. Thus, the gardener is able to carry out the procedure much faster. Another advantage of the design is that it can be made by oneself.

There are several types of tillers for the power tiller Neva: disc, rotary, two-row. Consider each type in more detail.

Disc

The disc mower for the Neva power tiller is similar in principle to the two-row. Its main parameters are the setting of distance between discs and the angle of attack.

In this video you will learn how to perch on this single axle tractor:

Adjustment of the last setting is necessary to achieve good row spacing. This implement is made for one row of potatoes, not two like the previous one. As a result the work requires more time. But this design does have the advantage of working more efficiently.

When working with such a device, the following rules should be followed:

  • The procedure is carried out on wet ground.
  • Weeds have to be removed before the operation.
  • The distance between the rows of potatoes should be more than 70 centimeters.
  • It is necessary to work at the first speed.
  • Depths of the disc mower for the Neva power tiller should be adjusted, as the intended design of the coupling allows you to increase the efficiency of processing.
  • It is better to perform the work measured, otherwise you can damage the bushes.

Rotary

These devices use two kinds of forces. rotation and forward movement. The rotary planter requires the power tiller to have two gears and a PTO. The processing quality is much higher than other types, but it also costs more.

Such a model can also be made by yourself. All you need is good quality metal. The assembly of such an earplug on the single-axle tractor Neva consists of welding parts by arc welding and adjusting the appropriate parameters.

The main advantage of this device is its multi-functionality. The operation not only loosens up the inter-row, but also moves some of this soil to the other row.

Two-row

Applying a two-row ouchennik, you will need to plant special ocukchivyayuschiek motoblok Neva on the extender. Diameter must be large, which is necessary for cultivation of bushes. Otherwise, the single-axle tractor will push the bushes under itself when working.

When the grousers are installed, the next step is to adjust the header on the Neva single axle tractor to the working width, each device should be positioned in the middle of the row spacing. Then bury the construction to the required depth and fix the axle perpendicular to the ground. Such trickery allows you to mow unwanted vegetation in the best way.

Do not forget to adjust the incline

Important! This parameter should be adjusted, otherwise the two-row rocker on the single-axle tractor Neva will not work properly between the rows and spoil the bushes.

Now we can proceed directly to the procedure. Bushes must be worked in turns, passing all rows. As you work, you get furrows on both sides of the row you’re working in and one on the side of the next row. The next span is on one side only.