How long can you cut a wild boar after castration
Castrating Pigs Myself | Wait, but Why?
Methods for neutering pigs
In large farms, it is possible to emasculate animals by various methods:
With the exception of the surgical one, all methods are bloodless and quite expensive. Therefore, in the conditions of small farms and private farmsteads, the most popular is the surgical method, which is carried out in 2 ways:
- Closed. It is used for the castration of adults or very large animals, as well as in the presence of an inguinal hernia. Slaughter is carried out after 2 months. after the procedure. Vaccination is possible no earlier than 2 weeks later. During the operation, the vaginal membrane is not opened. With a sterile gauze swab, the membrane is separated from the surrounding tissues. Near the inguinal ring, a ligature is applied to the spermatic cord, capturing the vaginal membrane. The testes are cut off below the ligature. A similar procedure is carried out with the second testis;
- Open. Otherwise. breaking off the spermatic cord. This method is applicable to piglets up to 6 months of age. age. For the procedure, a special machine is used, which allows the animal to be fixed in a motionless and comfortable position for the operation. After placing the pig, we cut along the scrotum on one of the testes, without touching the general shell. We squeeze the testis through the hole, grab it with one hand, and push the scrotum towards the perineum with the other. We pull the spermatic cord with a common sheath towards us, twist and apply a ligature. Cut off the testis below the sling site.
How soon can a boar be slaughtered after castration
Preparing for surgery
Only healthy individuals who do not have genital diseases can be castrated. Therefore, before conducting, the animal is examined by a veterinarian to exclude the possibility of the presence of pathologies:
- Dropsy of the vaginal membrane;
- Inguinal-scrotal hernia;
For a successful castration, you need to pay attention to several points:
- 10-12 hours before the start of the operation, the animal is stopped from feeding, and immediately before the procedure, no water is given. Drive the boar for a walk to empty the bladder and intestines;
- The preferred time for spending is spring or summer, when it is not very cold, there are no flies, dust and dirt are minimal. The wound at such a time will heal faster, and complications will be minimal;
- An operation is carried out in the morning so that there is a whole day ahead to observe the animal;
- Pre-wash and shave the place where the incision will be made. This contributes to a more thorough disinfection;
- Prepare in advance the place where the castrated animal will be placed. In this case, the bedding should not be made of fine-grained materials (sawdust) in order to avoid wound infection.
When can you slaughter a pig
The main question of concern to owners of adult castrated boars: how long does it take to keep the animal after the operation in order to get quality meat?
Connoisseurs argue that the longer the better. On average, the terms in months are equal to the number of years of the animal:
- Age up to 1 year. prick after 1 month. ;
- 2 years. score after 2 months. ;
- 3 years. cut after 3 months. etc.
But if you decide to hold it longer, then there will be no harm from this. Thus, you will give the animal additional time to clear the body of hormones.
There are no special measures in the postoperative period. The main thing is to observe the condition of the animal for 4-5 days, and also to maintain cleanliness. If you experience abnormalities in behavior (lack of appetite, mobility) or redness (swelling) in the operated area, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Optimal timing of the operation
If you are not going to leave the boar for breeding the herd, then it is better to carry out an operation to remove the testes at an early age. up to 1-2 months. Professionals say the optimal period is 14 days. At this age, piglets are castrated with minimal physical and psychological damage:
- While babies are still near the sow, breast milk provides additional immunological protection, and wounds heal faster;
- Small age allows you to quickly get rid of a stressful condition, the invariable consequences of surgery;
- Neutered piglets gain weight faster, since they are not distracted by sex games.
What is the operation for?
The main goal of castration of a wild boar at any age is to stop the production of sex hormones that give meat an unpleasant taste and smell. over, this smell can appear not only after slaughter, but also during the cooking process.
In addition, neutering a pig is recommended to achieve the following goals:
- Termination of intermittent sexual heat, during which unforeseen mating of gilts may occur;
- Stopping aggressiveness towards other animals and people;
- Increasing growth rates with the lowest feed costs, improving endurance and growth;
- Possibility of joint keeping of animals.
If you are not sure how long it will take to slaughter a boar after castration, and you have a choice, then try to increase the postoperative period. The minimum terms for all are purely individual. One animal may cleanse earlier, another later, so stick to the average recommended values.
Adult boar castration technique
During castration, pigs must be fixed on their back or left side. The animal should lie upside down. His legs are tied or held together.
After the anesthesia begins to work, the testis should be grasped in the left hand, and the skin of the scrotum and the vaginal membrane should be cut. The inner ligament can be easily severed by hand. After that, the spermatic cord should be separated, and a ligature should be applied to its thinnest part.
They retreat 2 cm from this place, and cut the cord with scissors. After 2 cm, forceps are applied, and the testis is unscrewed.
Wounds are treated with special preparations for disinfection.
It is best to suture wounds in adult boars with synthetic threads. Three seams are enough. All four edges must be sewn. First, the threads are stitched and the edges of the wound are pulled together. Then an antibiotic is injected inside, the stitches are pulled together and the edges of the thread are tied.
For castration, you can use a chemical method or clamp the blood flow in the scrotum.
For the second method, or elastation, a ligature was previously used. It was placed on the scrotum between the abdomen and the testes with a special castration knot. Today, four-pointed forceps and special rings are used.
Extremely GRAPHIC! Castrating a Wild Boar! Turning a BOAR into a BAR!
Also, radiation is sometimes used for castration.
Why castrate adult pigs
Situations often arise when castration is performed in adulthood. Usually these animals are used as a producer. Castration of pigs a couple of months before slaughter makes meat and lard usable.
Causes of castration in adulthood:
- the animal after castration gains weight faster;
- meat loses its specific taste, its quality indicators increase;
- if the boar is unsuitable for reproduction, castration will avoid unwanted fertilization of breeding females;
- the castrated boar becomes less aggressive;
- animals do not have sexual activity, during which they often lose weight.
Sometimes pigs have to be castrated due to inflammation of the testes, swelling. Also, this operation is performed with an inguinal-scrotal hernia.
This is a relatively new method that was developed in Australia in 1998. Its essence lies in the fact that the animal is injected with special drugs for at least four weeks. The chemical suppresses testosterone production by the testes. The neuter boar has smaller testicles than normal pigs. After giving the immune castration agent, the boar is kept until slaughter for at least 5 weeks.
A chemical castration agent called Improvac.
Fixation of the animal
A large animal is fixed by the upper jaw with a loop of strong rope. It is securely fixed to the pole at floor level.
Required tools and materials
- Zanda forceps or emasculator;
- surgical clamp;
- surgical needle;
- ligature material;
Before proceeding with the operation, all working instruments must be sterilized. An autoclave can be used for this. Also, tools are boiled for 30 minutes, or kept in chemical solutions. If there is no sterile ligature on hand, it must be treated with one of the following drugs:
- hydrogen peroxide;
- potassium permanganate;
- furacilin solution.
As a ligature, you can use any rope or thread of increased strength, for example, nylon or catgut.
When using catgut, hydrogen peroxide cannot be used, this substance corrodes the material. But since the small intestines of animals serve as the material for the manufacture of catgut, and it is absorbed in the body.
During the operation, a castration machine or assistants are used. The fixation device must also be disinfected.
If there is no machine, then castration in a barrel is considered the best option at home. The animal will not escape and it will be easier to hold it. The barrel makes an excellent do-it-yourself castration machine.
If the skin of the scrotum has been cut more than necessary, then several stitches should be applied, otherwise internal organs may fall out or an inguinal hernia may form.
Boar castration with inguinal-scrotal hernia
The boar is prepared for the operation in the usual way. Before the start of the operation, the animal is injected with pain relievers and sedatives. The animal is fixed on its back.
The incision, which is made during the operation, should have a length of 5 to 7 cm, and be located at the level of the external inguinal ring and go back beyond its limits along the spermatic cord.
The skin and fascia are cut up to the vaginal canal. This canal, the vaginal membrane and the testis are separated and brought out. The ligament of the vaginal membrane with the skin must be destroyed. The testes must be twisted several times, and the contents must be set into the abdominal cavity. Sometimes it is necessary to break the adhesions for this.
A ligature is applied to the spermatic cord. Using a surgical needle, one end of the ligature is pulled through the outer edge of the ring and the other through the inner edge of the inguinal ring. After that, the spermatic cord is cut off, and removed together with the testis and the common membrane.
The ends of the threads are pulled together and tied. If the groin rings are very wide, then 2 or 3 additional sutures should be applied. Also, the skin needs a suture.
In order to prevent lymph or blood from accumulating in the cavity of the scrotum, it must be opened. To do this, it is enough to make an incision of 2 to 3 cm in size.
When to slaughter a boar. how long after castration can slaughter be carried out
The villagers consider the presence of pigs on the farm a sign of prosperity. this is a correct opinion. Usually farmers grow two or three heads to feed their families. But time passes, I want to increase production volumes in order to make a profit. Then the villagers think about the reproduction of the livestock. Which type of insemination to choose. artificial or natural? The first is costly, sometimes ineffective. The second is the question: up to what age to use the boar, how long after castration it can be cut so that the meat does not lose its taste and quality?
Features of feeding after surgery
Castrated producers are put on greasy fattening, intended for obtaining heavy carcasses, separate use of meat and lard. At industrial complexes, hogs are fattened for 90-100 days. The ultimate goal is to increase the live weight of the animal by 60-80%. The thickness of the bacon as a result of such feeding can increase up to 10 cm.
When fattening up to fatty conditions, the body is more demanding not for proteins (as with bacon or meat fattening), but for carbohydrates. Protein feeding is ineffective.
They use feed rich in carbohydrates: potatoes, beets, barley, corn, various food waste.
Usually in the first half of feeding, animals are very voracious. During this period, it is advisable to feed them with cheap, voluminous feed. boiled potatoes, carrots, pumpkin, beets, legumes, waste from mills and meat processing plants. Be sure to give chalk, a little salt. In the last two months, coarse and succulent feeds are reduced, and they are switched to feed that gives good fat. This is rye, barley, potatoes.
In the last month of feeding, the ration should consist of 90% compound feed, the rest. potatoes. Exercise is necessary for fatteners, but not as active as before.
After observing all the necessary requirements, you can safely perform the operation without fear for the quality of the meat.
How to choose a breeding boar correctly
Decide for yourself whether the litter should be hybrid or purebred. There are pros in both cases.
When examining a small or young boar, be guided by the indicators of its parents, external signs. how strong it is, how active it is, whether it corresponds to the direction of the breed’s productivity. If the animal is already an adult, ask about the quantity and quality of its offspring. Are multiple births, milk production, meat, fattening qualities transmitted to his piglets?
a growing or already full-fledged producer is almost the same as the content of other pigs. It is necessary to remember about an active 1.5-2 hour exercise. Without walking, he will get fat, reduce sexual activity. In summer, it is advisable to wash the animal, and in winter to brush it, periodically process the hooves.
Feeding should be sufficient and complete. Growing young males have higher nutrient requirements than adults. It is imperative to add animal feed, fodder yeast to food. mineral and vitamin supplements. And in the breeding period, increase the feed volume by 20-30%
The use of the boar for mating depends on the age. From 10 months to a year. no more than 4 cages per month, increasing to 6 from a year to one and a half. 8. from one and a half to two years, 10-12 cages. over two years. Rare use leads to weakening of reflexes and culling.
Briefly about the main thing
You have decided to use the natural way of raising pigs in your farm. all the pros and cons are weighed, the intention is clearly defined. Particular attention should be paid to the choice of the manufacturer, especially the content, slaughter.
Boar castration, aging period before slaughter
A producer who has served his time or is culled for any reason is only slaughtered for meat when castrated. You need to take this procedure seriously in order to avoid all possible complications. It is better to operate on old boars (after 6 months) in a closed way, without cutting the common vaginal membrane. The open method is not recommended because of the potential for bowel prolapse through the wide inguinal ring. Whichever option of castration is chosen, it is better to apply a ligature to the stumps with a stitching method in order to avoid slipping of the thread.
How long does it take to feed boars after castration? It is believed that one month will be sufficient for each year of life. But this period is not enough. If your 3-year-old breeder was regularly used for mating, then you need to withstand it before stabbing for at least 4 months. Of course, this is not very profitable, but otherwise it will not work to fix such a major defect in meat as the smell of boar.
Pros and cons of having your own manufacturer
Some owners deliberately do not castrate piglets at an early age, so that they do not build up fat (weeding does contribute to obesity). They believe that the meat of a boar that has not covered the pigs, if operated on and then pricked even at the age of one, will be much tastier than that received from the manufacturer. You can agree with this or not. Younger animals will always have tastier and juicier meat. But the sex glands work in almost the same way for everyone. And the smell of unseasoned allotted time and castrated shortly before the slaughter of animals will be unpleasant. What theory to believe, how long after castration you can cut a boar, you decide.
Why do you need to castrate
In pig breeding, it is customary to castrate all males, except for those that are specially left for further breeding. Pig neutering is considered necessary for two reasons:
- Behavioral factor. When males reach a weight of 100 kg and enter the phase of puberty, their behavior changes and is characterized by the manifestation of strong aggression towards each other. They are much more difficult for farm workers to cope with than their castrated peers.
- The production factor. Non-castrated meat gives off an unpleasant odor. This is explained by the following physiology. During puberty, the glands of the boar secrete a hormone such as androstenone, and skatole is formed in the intestine. The first is a steroid, which is formed in the spermatic glands and accumulates over time in the saliva of the individual, where it is converted into a pheromone designed to attract sows. The second substance is produced by bacteria in the hindgut; penetrating into the walls of the intestine, it enters the bloodstream through them and is released from it into adipose tissue. It is these substances that are released from the fatty tissues of the boar during heat treatment during the cooking process, as a result of which the pork meat acquires an unpleasant odor.
Also, the owners need to know how many days the piglet should be before proceeding with the castration.
There is still no consensus about the age at which piglets are castrated. Of course, a small animal will resist less, and blood loss will be much less than that of an adult. But veterinarians have shown that a 7-day-old piglet is more susceptible to pain than a 14-day old pig. Early castration of piglets leads to severe stress for the animal, which will affect weight gain during adolescence. Untamed pigs develop better and grow faster.
It is recommended to carry out the castration procedure seven days before transferring the individual to a separate pen, this time is enough for the wounds to heal. Care should also be taken to ensure that this procedure does not coincide with vaccination or deworming. The time interval between these manipulations must be at least 14 days. Also, piglets are not castrated if an epidemic of an infectious disease is recorded on the farm.
At what age piglets are castrated?
It is best to neuter a piglet soon after birth. The most suitable age for surgery is from 10 days to one and a half months. For some breeds, the optimal period is even shorter. For example, it is best to castrate Vietnamese piglets before they are five weeks old. The fact is that piglets of this breed mature very quickly and gain weight.
You can castration later, but early castration has many advantages:
- one person can cope with a small pig, two months can hardly be kept by two;
- at an early age, the operation is performed without anesthesia;
- blood loss in young individuals is minimal;
- young animals recover much faster after surgery, thanks to mother’s milk, which provides strong immunity;
- immediately after the operation, returning to the mother, the little piglet quickly calms down, the effect of the transferred stress is insignificant;
- very low consumption of medicines;
- in suckling piglets, the likelihood of complications after surgery is very low.
If, for some reason, the operation was not performed, then it can be done at any age. The only condition is to castrate the male at least one and a half months before slaughter.
As the pigs and hogs grow and mature, the production of sex hormones (estrogens and androgens) increases. In pigs, like any other animal, these hormones cause various changes associated with puberty, and which are undesirable when raising pigs.
- The emergence of sexual heat, which is repeated every month. During the hunt, animals of both sexes are in an agitated state, worry, eat poorly food, which leads to weight loss and deterioration of the quality of meat.
- Accidental insemination by unsuitable males.
- Non-castrated boars (boars) become aggressive and rather dangerous as they grow older. Such animals can attack each other, inflict very serious injuries, break equipment, cages, etc. Such animals become dangerous for humans.
- Non-castrates develop a persistent unpleasant pungent odor, which permeates the meat, which makes it practically inedible in its pure form or requires special processing, therefore, all individuals going to fattening are necessarily bachelor.
Medical indications for surgery are various diseases, for which castration is the only way to get rid of (for example, inflammation of the testes or ovaries, hernias, neoplasms and other pathologies, etc.).
The economic indication for surgery is:
- obtaining meat of a higher quality (more tender, better in chemical composition, odorless and specific taste, etc.);
- less consumption of feed during feeding when receiving large weight gain;
- feeding of used queens and breeding boars;
- facilitating group keeping of animals;
- to improve the working qualities of animals and their endurance.
Currently, experts recommend early castration of boars (suckling age). at the age of two weeks, and even better in the first days of life. In this case, the operation will be transferred by young animals as easily as possible, with the least blood loss and without complications. The wounds will heal very quickly and the piglets will get stronger very quickly. Such early grooming has a beneficial effect on the further growth and development of castrates.
After the operation, the piglets need careful care. The first 3 days you need to closely monitor the animals in order to exclude such phenomena as:
- prolapse of the abdominal organs;
- swelling of tissues;
- purulent suppuration;
- infectious and inflammatory changes.
It is advisable not to feed the animals for the first 12 hours after the operation, and then give soft, boiled food for 1-2 days.
Avoid bedding in the pigsty with sawdust, shavings and any small materials that easily penetrate the open wounds of the pigs, causing complications. Until the wounds are completely healed, the castrated pigs are not allowed to walk outside the pigsty.
It is recommended to slaughter pigs 2-3 months after castration, the minimum allowable interval should be 3 weeks.
Castration is an economically important procedure that improves the quality of meat products. At home, it is advisable to carry out a surgical operation, as the least costly method of weeding. Correctly performed procedure will take no more than 1-2 minutes, but special monitoring of the piglets in the postoperative period will be required.
Even a girl can castrate small pigs, because the use of physical force is not required, just precise movements with a scalpel are enough. For the operation in adult boars, several pairs of male hands are required to fix the animal.
Benefits of castration at an early age
Castration at an early age of a piglet has several advantages over surgery in adulthood:
- Castrate at an early age of a piglet is less emotional for him.
- Operation at an early age prevents the increase in the number of pigs in the future.
- Neutering a piglet will help increase the likelihood of becoming less infected with viral infections.
- Neutering piglets can positively affect the use of anabolic steroids in adulthood.
The optimal age is still considered a 6- or 7-day-old piglet, since during this period there is less blood loss, less pain for the animal and less operation costs.
Conditions for normal operation:
- It is definitely recommended to be carried out in the morning, because during the day you can observe and analyze the well-being of the piglet and take measures.
- Before the operation, carry out a careful selection of piglets, that is, pay attention to the skin surface (if there are any spots or scratches there, so you can infect the animal from another).
- The reproductive organ of a pig or pig must not be damaged.
It happens that an adult animal is also castrated. At puberty, the boar is aggressive. Therefore, antidepressants must be administered to calm the pig’s nervous system.
As for the one conducting the operation:
- Pay attention to the nails and wounds on the hands, remove everything that interferes (trim the nails, seal the wounds and hangnails).
- Decontaminate hands, treat with an antiseptic and wear the necessary gloves.
- Wear special clean clothes.
The place where the operation is performed must be:
- Treated with local antiseptics (including the place at the animal).
- Ventilate the room before the operation to remove unpleasant, excess odors.
In the event of an incorrect operation and non-observance of all the rules and criteria, it is possible to infect both the piglets and oneself, and even lead to its death due to the large loss of blood.
Preparing for surgery
The best option is to entrust the procedure to a professional. But if it is not possible to call a veterinarian, the operation can be carried out on your own, having previously properly prepared. There are several stages of preparation.
- Thorough examination of the piglets. Temperature measurement, examination of the scrotum. It is necessary to check the integrity of the skin near the operated area. Then, feeling the scrotum, check for seals, tumors, as well as the size of the testicles and the length of the spermatic cord. Castration is only possible if the animal is absolutely healthy.
- Treatment of the scrotum area. It is thoroughly washed, dried, then smeared with iodine.
- Preparation of tools. For the operation you may need:
- abdominal scalpel;
- surgical tweezers;
- hemostatic clamps;
- surgical scissors;
- needle holder with needles;
- hemostatic and disinfectants;
- suture threads, dressings.
- Preparatory processing of hands. Trimming nails, removing burrs and dirt from under nails, washing with soap. Immediately before the operation, hands are treated with a disinfectant solution and gloves are worn.
It is better to carry out the operation in the morning, so that later during the day to observe the condition of the animal. You cannot feed him before the procedure. It should be remembered that castration cannot be combined with other veterinary procedures (deworming, vaccination). over, if such manipulations were carried out, after them at least two weeks must pass before the piglet can be castrated.
The purpose and essence of the operation
Castration of pigs, otherwise known as grooming, is a procedure in which the sex glands cease to function. Due to this, serious changes occur in the animal’s body regarding hormonal levels and metabolism.
There are many economic reasons for this interference:
- castrated individuals constantly gain weight without breakdowns, since they do not have periods of sexual heat, during which their appetite is significantly reduced;
- after the operation, the animals become much calmer, and when they grow up, they do not show aggression, do not mutilate each other, do not break equipment;
- the meat of castrated animals is of higher quality and does not have an unpleasant specific smell;
- neutered pigs gain weight faster with less feed intake;
- after castration, the likelihood that the breeding female will be covered with a boar unsuitable for reproduction is completely excluded;
- keeping animals in groups is much easier if they are castrated;
- neutered animals have higher growth rates and endurance;
- castrated boars are not susceptible to sexually transmitted diseases.
There may be medical indications for surgery: a hernia, an inflammatory process in the testes, neoplasms, and other pathologies. In such a situation, you should consult a doctor. After the examination, the specialist makes an accurate diagnosis and determines the feasibility of the operation.
Piglet castration procedure and its benefits
If you have made the decision to open your own pig farm, you will not be able to get around the topic that has worried pig farmers for a long time, namely, the castration of piglets. What is this procedure, is it really necessary to carry it out, at what age to subject the animal to these manipulations, are there any specific techniques, do you need to go to the veterinarian every time, or can you cope with this task yourself? You will find comprehensive answers to these and other questions in our article.
- 1 Why you need to castrate
- 2 Description of methods
- 3 Care after surgery
- 4 Video “Castration of a piglet”