How Much Oil Is Needed In A Tiller Engine

2.1 Gasoline Tillers

Tillers of this class are ideal for working small areas of land. In a gasoline engine, the fuel is ignited by a spark that is generated from the spark plug. These Tillers are very maneuverable and lightweight.

How Much Oil Is Needed In A Tiller Engine

Gasoline Tiller Forte HSD1G- 105 G

Any gasoline used in modern cars is suitable for a gasoline engine. They can only work at high speeds. Repairs and maintenance are significantly cheaper than diesel engines.

The main advantages of a gasoline engine:

  • It can be started in all weather conditions without an electric starter.
  • Reduced noise level.
  • Significantly less vibration when driving.

The main advantage over a diesel engine is its relatively low cost. They are suitable for small areas (20-30 acres), as they do not withstand heavy loads. The diesel engine will be optimal in all other cases.
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1 Functions of engine oil

Each technique, including tillers, is supplied with a passport and instructions for sale. Manufacturers always recommend in the instructions those types of oil that will allow the technique to last a long time and not break.

You need to know that during the operation of the tiller, engine oil performs 4 functions at once:

  • Cooling;
  • Grease;
  • Cleaning;
  • Seal.

Wide range of tiller oils

When the air-cooled chiller engine is running, the lubricant burns and remains on the hot cylinder, resulting in a smoky exhaust. The deposition of resinous substances drastically affects the contamination of some parts and their lubrication becomes more difficult.

It is recommended to use antioxidant agents with oil, which clean the engine from dirty deposits. Correctly selected oil for tiller according to SAE classification is the key to the durability of the equipment.

For example, when using a grease of the SAE 10W30 type at a temperature of 5 ° C and higher, its consumption will be much higher and there will be a high probability of engine breakdown. It is undesirable to pour summer lubricants at air temperatures below 5 ° C. Such use results in difficult starting of the engine and damage to the cylinder bore.
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Which Tiller to Choose: Diesel or Gasoline?

Diesel powered units are designed mainly for work on large areas of land. This type of engine is capable of generating high tractive effort by operating at low revs. They are designed for a much larger amount of resources than gasoline.

Therefore, their work can be carried out for much longer without stopping. Do not often let the diesel engine idle, because this leads to its breakdown. Sometimes it is necessary to load the unit at full capacity for 3-4 hours. This will extend the life of the tiller.

The main advantages of a diesel tiller:

  • Convenient maintenance and operation, as there are no candles and magneto, as well as no carburetor, which has to be constantly adjusted.
  • Maximum ground grip due to heavy weight.
  • Cooling is possible either with air or water. Gasoline engines lack this variety.
  • The take-off run in fuel consumption can vary from 2 to 5 liters per 100 km, based on the power of the unit.
  • Engine operation is ensured by stable rpm due to increased tractive effort.

The price can scare off when buying a diesel tiller. But it is worth considering that it consumes less fuel than gasoline, and diesel is cheaper than gasoline. Such an acquisition pays off over time.

Classification of grades of oil for tillers

When purchasing a tiller, it must be remembered that its long-term operation depends not only on replacing consumables, parts, tightening the necessary nuts, but also on the timely oil change in the tiller.

The durability and performance of the equipment depends on how correctly to choose engine oil for tillers. The question arises, which oil to fill in the tiller engine, how to replace it or check the level.

1.1 Classification of oil grades by viscosity

The viscosity grade of engine oil grades is generally classified according to SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).

High-quality flushing oil MPA. 2

  • Summer grades. oils belonging to this category are used in summer, have a high viscosity and do not have a letter designation. These are: SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
  • Winter grades. these oils are used in winter and have a low viscosity. The lettering of this variety is W (Winter). These include: SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
  • All-season varieties are currently the most popular, as they are used both in summer and winter. They are indicated by a double combination: 5W-30, 10W-40.

In addition to seasonal differences in lubricants, they are divided into two types according to their composition:

  • Mineral;
  • Synthetic;
  • Semi-synthetic.
Differences in chemical and physical characteristics of oils of different types for 4-stroke engines
IndicatorsMineralSemi-syntheticSynthetic
Viscosity index90-100115-125130-160
Alkaline number, mg5.5-105.105.5-10
Pour point, ° С-fifteen-thirty-40

All oils are also divided into lubricants for both 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines. Typically, Tillers are fitted with 4-stroke air-cooled engines. Such engines only need to be filled with 4-stroke oil.

Checking the oil level with the dipstick in the oil filler hole

An air-cooled engine runs more heat than a water-cooled engine under the same operating conditions. Therefore, the filling liquid must have low volatility and high thermal-oxidative stability. Also, modern oils must be environmentally friendly, i.e. The amount of smoke and exhaust gas toxicity is controlled.

Since waste is often simply burned in boilers or steam generators, it should not contain components that form toxic compounds when burned. In a motor cultivator that runs on gasoline and does not have instructions, it is better to pour 4-stroke oil of the 5W30 or SAE30 brand.

In winter, winter or gear oil, such as 0W40, is preferable. But this quality comes at a price. It is not worth saving on this, because high-quality oil affects less wear and tear of the engine and its durability.
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Changing the oil in the tiller

There are many different opinions about how often the oil for the tillers should be changed. But in this case, you need to rely on the manufacturer’s instructions. If there is no instruction, you can change the lubricant in a common way.

Changing the oil of the diesel tiller gearbox

The first oil change in the chiller is done after the unit has been running in. The engine and all its components must be run-in at idle speed. Before starting the engine, make sure there is a lubricant in it. When buying a unit, its engine can be generally dry.

After an hour of engine operation, the first grease change is made. The next change is after 5-6 hours of operation. It is recommended to change the oil in the tiller every 40 hours of operation, which is much more frequent than in a car. After the winter period, a grease change is required. It doesn’t matter how many hours the tiller has worked, if its grease has become viscous, darkened or a strong burning smell emanates from it, then it needs to be changed.

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Before changing the oil, it is necessary to warm up the tiller. This is necessary to make the lubricant more fluid. the tiller is installed in a horizontal position. The drain plug is unscrewed and the old fluid is removed from the engine crankcase.

After that, you need to screw back the drain tank plug and fill the lubricant through the filler neck. You can check the filled oil level with a dipstick. The level should be between the Minimum and Maximum marks. Then the plug is screwed in completely.

Preparing the tiller for oil change

To fill and check the level of grease in the gear case, place the chiller on a flat surface and clean the gear case around the filler hole. Then loosen the filler bolt. If the level is normal, oil will start to flow from the hole. If this does not happen, it is necessary to unscrew the bolt completely and pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the hole.

An important nuance is the proper condition of the air filter. After all, without an air filter or with a filter, but without the required oil level, you cannot start the engine. To add lubricant, unscrew the nut on the filter cover, pull the filter element out of the sump, add oil to the level of the mark on the oil sump body. Put back the filter element and tighten the nut.

Based on the above, before buying oil, you need to understand several important points:

  • Decide on the season for using the oil.
  • Purchase special additives to enhance the properties of the lubricating fluid.

With the right choice of product, a long service life of the unit is ensured and its performance is improved.

How to choose a tiller oil?

The tiller‘s factory manual for regular use can provide accurate information on the proper brand lubricant for the built-in motor of the tiller. As a rule, the manufacturer indicates the type of liquid, its base and manufacturer’s brand. The proprietary manual also contains instructions from the manufacturer of the equipment, suggesting how much grease to pour into the factory engine and how to do it correctly.

However, not everyone has a proprietary manual of the used tiller. In this case, the operator needs to remember that, depending on the original purpose, there are 2-stroke and 4-stroke factory oil on sale. Most often, household tillers are equipped with factory 4-stroke motors, however, immediately before buying a lubricant, it is still better for the user to first study the markings embossed on the engine wall.

Another important factor when choosing a technical fluid is its density. The oil must envelop the moving parts of the tiller’s internal combustion engine and for this it must be uniformly colored and sufficiently viscous. At the same time, you should not choose too thick liquid, otherwise it will not be able to seep into the smallest grooves of the factory engine.

Changing the oil in the tiller engine

It is necessary to change the oil in the tiller strictly observing the frequency specified by its manufacturer. Some brands advise doing this every 30–40 hours of work with equipment, others. at least once every 100 operating hours. Following these recommendations, the user will be able to protect the motor from the effects of increased loads and significantly extend its service life.

The procedure for changing the lubricant in a cold engine of a utility tiller looks the same as for imported Subaru internal combustion engines. So it is for branded power units of the well-known Russian brands Zubr. Centaur. Neva in the modification MB-1 and MB-2. As well as other popular manufacturers. To change the oil in the tiller engine with your own hands. It is necessary:

  • Place a deep, wide container under the lower surface of the engine crankcase, immediately under the standard drain plug;
  • Carefully pry off the plastic plug of the standard drain hole, remove it and wait for all the used engine oil to drain out;
  • Fill the empty crankcase with about 2 liters of new lubricant for the factory engine and tighten the factory filler plug tightly.

To make it easier for the user to replace the old grease with a new one, it is better to use a watering can, which will not allow oil to spill over the housing of the agricultural unit.

How much oil to pour into the tiller engine.

The oil change in the tiller gearbox must be carried out frequently. Why do this? After a couple of months, the additives begin to lose their properties. In order for them to serve for a long time, they must be protected with the use of oil. If you do not create a shift, this will lead to foaming of the product, and the gearbox starts to jam. However, now there are such vehicles in which it is not necessary to create a change of this water.

Usually, the funds are charged after 100 hours of operation. However, it so happens that this function needs to be performed every 50 hours. To make a change, you must:

  • Unscrew the plug from the drain tank;
  • Drain the oil into a special dish (this operation takes about 15 minutes);
  • We twist the plug from the drain tank;
  • We fill the box with new oil to the required level;
  • We close the hole with a plug through which the spotless fuel was poured.

It so happens that a person gets a tiller without oil. Then you need to fill in a new clean product before introducing the unit. With all this, the viscosity is evaluated. It must correspond to a certain indicator. For this purpose, brands such as SAE and API are suitable, the features and properties of which have been presented above. But you should still look at the annotation. Specifically, a certain type of oil is indicated here, which is optimal for this type of motor.

It is changed in the engine after 3 hours of continuous tiller operation. However, it should be noted that various manufacturers of this domestic fuel indicate their professionalism for a certain time. After the first shift, the procedure takes place according to the annotation, in other words, every 25 hours.

  • Open the lid of the container where the oil is located;
  • We unscrew the cover of the drain tank;
  • The oil that remains in the engine is poured into a special container (the procedure takes about 15 minutes);
  • We close the cover of the drain tank;
  • We fill the box with new oil to the required level;
  • We close the hole with a plug through which the spotless fuel was poured.

Stable operation of the tiller’s moving mechanisms is ensured by introducing a lubricant produced in the form of oils with different densities, properties and additives. Oils are consumables that must be replaced at intervals clearly established by the manufacturer. The protection of tiller parts from heating, corrosion and increased wear directly depends on lubricants, therefore, the choice of technical fluids must be treated with special responsibility.

Do I need to add oil to gasoline for a tiller?

The answer to this common question can be given based on the type of factory engine of the existing tiller. Agricultural units are equipped with 2- or 4-stroke power units. Gasoline for a tiller with a factory 2-stroke engine must be diluted with engine oil, making sure to adhere to the proportion indicated by the manufacturer.

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It is important to remember that 2- and 4-stroke internal combustion engines operate on different principles. The combustion of fuel in motors of the first type occurs continuously in 2 strokes. At the same time, branded oil with which the fuel mixture is prepared. Contains not only lubricating components, but also additives that improve the quality of fuel. In 4-stroke factory engines, oil and refueling fuel for the tiller are always poured separately, into tanks specially designed by the manufacturer for this.

How much oil is required for a tiller motor?

Before pouring new oil into the tiller yourself. The owner of agricultural machinery must find out how much fluid is already in the internal combustion engine. It is quite possible that at the moment a complete replacement of the existing lubricant is not required, and instead of it, you can simply top up the missing amount of technical fluid.

To check the content level in the oil tank yourself, you need:

  • Unscrew the plug of the standard filler hole provided in the crankcase of the utility tiller;
  • Insert the oil dipstick into the factory engine crankcase through the hole provided by the manufacturer, pull it out and check the level of the oil contained;
  • There are special marks on the built-in dipstick, as a rule, they are represented by the marks “MIN” and “MAX”. After removing the dipstick, you need to look at what mark the oil stain is. It should be located in the middle between these marks. If the fluid level is below the “MIN” mark, then you will need to add grease;
  • If there are no factory markings on the stylus being used, then the operator will have to navigate the length of the fixture. After measuring the volume of the liquid, its volume should reach the middle of the probe;
  • In some cases, the operator may not have a stylus. In this case, the amount of grease can be checked visually. To do this, you need to look through the filler neck. if the liquid level reaches almost to the neck, then the owner does not need to add engine oil for the tiller.

After self-checking the level of the existing lubricant, close the lid of the standard filler neck as tightly as possible and make sure that the liquid does not leak out.

Diesel Tiller Oil

Diesel engines. Differ from gasoline power units. Accordingly, to maintain their smooth operation, you need to choose a completely different type of lubricant.

The main factor when buying a lubricant for a factory diesel engine is its viscosity, marked with the SAE designation followed by a set of letters and numbers.

The latter will tell the buyer exactly in what conditions it is best to use the selected lubricant:

  • SAE 0W, SAE 5W or SAE 20W. designed for operation in regions with severe prolonged winters;
  • SAE 20, as well as SAE 40, SAE 60. marking without letters means that it is a highly viscous liquid that has proven itself perfectly in hot summer weather;
  • SAE 5W-30, SAE 10W-40. multigrade oils that work effectively both in winter and hot summer.

The classification provided by the American Petroleum Institute divides motor oils for domestic and professional hillers according to their operating groups. Accordingly, the following types of lubricants are found on the market:

  • API CJ-4. used in proprietary high-performance, very powerful motors, which are specially designed for operation under high loads. Experienced gardeners recommend using factory oils of this type for daily lubrication of engines manufactured by Briggs brands.Stratton and Honda;
  • API CC. used for power units without built-in superchargers and with turbocharging. These oils provide continuous protection against corrosion, gum formation and increased wear on inline engine parts.

When choosing oils of these types, special attention should be paid to their manufacturers. It is best for users to trust well-known companies, which include the brands Elf, Liqui Moly, Motul, Shell and others.

Tiller gear oil. self-change

The standard gearbox of any tiller needs lubrication no less than its factory engine. The gearbox is initially a complex structure consisting of several gears responsible for transmitting power from the engine to the working bodies of agricultural machinery. During the operation of the gearbox, the gears are constantly in contact with each other, which leads to the gradual erasure of their teeth. To slow down this process, you need to use a quality lubricant.

You can check the level of lubricant contained in the gearbox at a certain point in time as follows:

  • Clean a 70 cm piece of wire that will act as a probe;
  • Bend the homemade probe into an arc;
  • Push the wire through the filler hole in the gearbox to the end and pull it out.

If the oil stain is 30 cm from the bottom edge of the dipstick, then you do not need to add oil. Otherwise, the operator must add the missing amount of liquid.

It is necessary to change the lubricant in the cold tiller gearbox only if it was found that it turned dark, almost black. Another indicator of the need for urgent replacement is the lubrication of a large number of foreign inclusions and solid fractions.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller engine

In order for the tiller to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil. This is a key factor in keeping the engine running. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller’s engine let’s try to figure it out on this page of the site.

The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the tiller. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for the tillers and give excerpts from the instructions.

The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.

OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION
API classification by service category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here

CLASSIFICATION OF OIL GRADES BY VISCOSITY
SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here

Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W

Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are highly viscous and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.

All-season. At the moment, the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.

Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40

Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. Higher value oil (more viscous).

The multi-viscosity grade oil offers comprehensive stability under seasonal and temperature variations. For example, SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.

Manufacturer’s Recommended Tiller Engine Oil.

Tiller engine makeManufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil
summerwinterservice class
Robin Subaru (Subaru)SAE 10W-30. in temperate climatesSAE 5W-30. in cold regionsAutomotive engine oil; class SE or higher
(SG, SH or SJ recommended)
Honda (honda)SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures.
If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.
SG, SF.
Lifan (Lifan)SAE-30SAE-10W-30. All-season
Briggs Stratton (brigs)When operating at temperatures below 0 ° C Briggs Stratton recommends using synthetic oil. If you don’t have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs non-synthetic oil. Stratton 10W-30 article 998208
Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 Certification Mark, API and API Service Symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be used at all temperatures. Change synthetic oil according to the normal schedule.
Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines.
Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.
SF, SG, SH, SJ or above
DM-1-01
(JSC Kaluga engine)
М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil complying with API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30
DM-1K
Instruction from JSC “Red October”
M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85
M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
Cascade MB-6Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with the recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)
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Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced tillers such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.

Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore the result of operation in accordance with the manufacturers’ recommendations will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can cause serious problems including engine seizure.

Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.

Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils for general gasoline engines.

Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines

SAFor low stress applications where no additives are required
SBFor use in the medium stress range. It features low oxidation properties, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.
SCFor use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967 by G. And not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.
SDFor use in gasoline engines produced between 1968-1971, equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.
SEFor use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972 Compared to SD category, better resists deposit formation over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SFFor use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SGIt was launched in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.
SHHighest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.

Categories of engine oils for diesel engines

CAFor low to medium stress applications in engines fueled by low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.
CBFor low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines fueled with high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CCFor use in medium to high mechanical stress conditions in non-supercharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. And at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CDFor use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces high temperature deposits and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.

We provide information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of tillers and cultivators of the Patriot (Patriot) brand

Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)

Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, tillers, mini tractors and other equipment.

Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.

Specially formulated to provide oil film stability.

1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;

Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;

The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;

Reduction of noise during engine operation;

Extension of engine life;

Flawless engine cleanliness.

WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE TILLER‘S WORKING CONDITIONS.

Oil 4-stroke semi-synthetic Expert. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable protection of the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable protection of the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.

Tiller engine oil change intervals

Briggs Stratton (brigs)First 5 hours
– Change oil.
Every 8 hours or daily
– Check oil level.
Every 50 hours or every season
– Change oil.
Honda (honda)
Lifan (Lifan)
Checking the oil level. With every use.
Oil change. The first month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. Every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
Robin Subaru (Subaru)Checking the level and adding engine oil. Each time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark).
Engine oil change: First change after 20 hours of operation;
afterwards. Every 100 hours of operation

A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of tillers and cultivators:

  • Check the oil level with the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
  • When changing oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
  • Do not use additives and additives in the oil
  • Dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.

Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from a Honda engine user manual: