How to choose a power tiller or single axle tractor. Non-standard models
Top 3 mistakes when choosing a power tiller or power tiller
That’s not right. It is necessary to choose based on the functionality and the tasks to be solved. If a small tiller cannot work virgin land or plow, then it does not matter how much it will be, one hundred or ten hectares. On the contrary, with a quality motor-block you can cultivate ten hectares or one hundredth of a hectare and you will do it easily and comfortably. So before you decide whether to choose a single axle tractor or power tiller, decide for yourself what tasks you plan to solve and then decide on the model of power tiller or cultivator that will solve your problems.
When choosing a power tiller to chase the engine power.
Today, almost all Chinese manufacturers of equipment and engines overestimate the engine power. There are cases when the engine produces a real power of 6 liters.с., and it says 10. It is much more correct to evaluate the engine displacement and compare. It is also important to consider that it is not so much the power of the engine itself that is important, but rather the value of power divided by the weight of the power tiller. Т.е. how much power per 1 kg of weight of a power tiller. For most of the tasks of site owners, as well as utilities are more than enough engine with a working volume of 160 to 200 cubic meters. see.
The faster the rotational speed of the tiller of the power tiller, the better.
The optimal speed for milling is in the range of 80-120 rpm. If the rotation will be higher than 120 rpm, then the tillers from an active attachment turns into a passive and will not loosen, and just move over the ground and grind the earth into the fluff, which is then strongly rammed. It is more difficult to plant in tamped soil and the main thing is that the harvest is much worse.
We hope that the information in this article was useful to you and help with the answer to the question. What to choose, a single-axle tractor or a power tiller?
In this article let’s solve the question. Which single axle tractor to choose and how to do it? I’d like to start with whichever single axle tractor you choose, the most important thing is that it should be a safe
single axle tractor or motor cultivator? What to choose? 3 main differences. At the end of the article I will share with you one easy way to. How to distinguish a single axle tractor from a power tiller.
In this article we will tell you about the types of clutch mototblock. Let’s see what a single-axle tractor with PTO differs from a power tiller with a belt. Consider the pros and cons of these power tillers.
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The main differences between the Moto-block and the power tiller
What are the main differences between MOTOBLOCKS and MOTOCULTIVATORS?? And how to choose a helper? At the end of the article I will share with you one easy way to. How to distinguish a single-axle tractor from a power tiller.
But at the very beginning I would like to tell you about the biggest misconception that buyers have. “if the device has rubber wheels, then it’s a single axle tractor”. This is absolutely not the case. To sell their product better many manufacturers (mostly from China) simply install rubber wheels on the power tiller and try to sell it at the price of a power tiller. And there are on sale and power tillers, which are standardly sold without rubber wheels, t.к. not all users need them. And then how can you tell the difference, if not by the wheels? Let’s look at.
Before we talk about the differences between a power tiller and a power tiller, let’s dwell on the definitions. Definitions are taken from GOST. GOST is valid and up to date. We highly recommend that you download it. It will help you a lot in choosing.
A single-axle tractor is a single-axle small tractor in which traction is achieved by clutching the drive wheels to the ground and is designed to drive removable mounted and trailed machines and implements and single-axle trailers. Designed for works in crop production on small plots, plots, terraces, orchards, farms, parks and public utilities.
Motor cultivator. soil tillage machine with energy supplied rotating working device (rotary hoe) with or without drive of driving wheels, controlled by a walking by operator. Designed to reduce manual labor costs and mechanize labor-intensive operations and individual processes.
And so from the definitions follows the main difference. motocultivator is designed only for individual processes, namely. Loosening the soil and preplanting preparation, and power tillers can do the same, but in addition to these jobs, they can also clean the area, remove snow, mow, carry a variety of loads, etc.д.
If you decide to opt for a power tiller, you need to be able to distinguish it from a motocultivator. From the different purposes arise some technical solutions that visually distinguish a single-axle tractor from a motocultivator. There are 3 main differences
Speed of power tiller. A power tiller should have at least 2 forward speeds so it can work on cutters and with attachments. Attention! This is a prerequisite, but not enough. Because there are many cultivators with 2 or more speeds. It is important that the working speed of a power tiller should not be more than 4 km/h (slow walking speed) in first gear and at full throttle. But ideally the speed should be less than 3 km/h in order to effectively mow, clear snow, sweep, etc.д. A single axle tractor travels slowly and the attachment has time to perform its function. Otherwise it just runs and the attachment doesn’t have time to work. How to figure it out? Look at the manual, the technical description. Watch video clips on websites, and most importantly, ask the store to show you how it rides. Otherwise, you risk buying a cultivator on wheels, which will not perform its tasks well.
Ability to attach attachments. The machine has a power takeoff system for the engine. Pulley or shaft that allows rotation to be transferred from the engine to the active attachment. Attention! This is a prerequisite, but not enough. Often the walking tractor has a shaft with an attachment, a pulley to install the belt, but it is impossible to install anything there. Sometimes there is no accessory of the same size as the one on the walking tractor. Even before buying, make a list of the tasks you need to solve and, accordingly, the equipment you may need. Immediately find this equipment and make sure it fits your chosen power tiller and works with it, and that it can be purchased and is in stock. Ideally you should choose a single axle tractor and attachment from the same manufacturer. But if it is not possible to mount anything on the product you have chosen. this is again a cultivator.
Gearbox. a single-axle tractor is under more strain than a cultivator works with passive implements (plows, dipsticks, etc.д.) and the gearbox must be able to withstand these loads. Visually, you can tell by the width of the box itself. The axes where the bearings are mounted should be widely spaced, so that it can easily withstand radial loads.
If you understand that you are not going to work with active attachments, but you have to work with plows, ploughs, potato tippers, then you need to pay attention to this point. Cultivators that can do this must also have a reinforced gearbox. Please watch the video about gearboxes on motor blocks and power tillers on our channel.
And now the promised method that will help you to understand that this is a single-axle tractor or power tiller. Ask the store to show you the certificate of quality of the EAC on the product. A power tiller will have a number in the Harmonized System HS code. 8701100000 and a power tiller has the code. 8432291000.
I think that thanks to the information you receive, you will be able to decide what to choose. Single axle tractor or power tiller. Our other articles about how to choose a machine that you could work with comfort, perform its intended tasks and serve for a long time may be found below.
To make the right choice and understand what is better to buy. Single axle tractor or power tiller, let’s talk about the three most common mistakes when choosing a power tiller.
Which is better a cultivator or a single axle tractor?
To answer this question, it is important to understand how to choose and use a cultivator or single-axle tractor correctly. It is worth to study your own plot well and estimate for what tasks you want to buy a power tiller or a mini-tractor.
The area of the land plot. The heavier the soil, the more powerful your machine is likely to be. In this case, it is better to give preference to mini-tractors (especially if it is a question of working on a farm or at a collective farm). For small garden plots a power tiller will be enough. Soil quality. Clay and dense soils, turf and abandoned areas are better cultivated with a power tiller. It requires less effort from you because the gauge wheels and the active tiller can handle even the toughest of soils. For the already cultivated area and soft airy soils it is worth choosing a cultivator. Frequency of use. The more often you use your machine, the more quickly your choice pays for itself. So when looking at your return on investment, choose the right cultivator or single axle tractor. the difference seems obvious. Availability of storage space. If you don’t have a hangar, storage room or garage, is it worth buying a single axle tractor that has nowhere to put? In this case, a massive mini-tractor will simply rot in the fall and winter outside, while a cultivator is enough for a small corner in the barn or hallway. Availability of spare parts or accessories. Always in good working order, machines need to be serviced and cared for in time. And if spare parts are unavailable or the selection is limited, your single-axle tractor or cultivator simply won’t work. Physical capabilities of the operator. Some machines are not only difficult to steer, but also heavy on their own. Try to choose a motocultivator or single axle tractor, taking into account your physical abilities, so you can just pick it up and move it yourself. Source
Cultivator and single axle tractor. What’s the difference and how to choose what you need?
With the end of winter and the start of spring one of the most popular products are cultivators and tillers. This article is designed to help you decide what kind of equipment the buyer should buy, best suited for his tasks and needs. We will consider the principles of such machines, let’s analyze the differences between the cultivator and power tiller, which features should be considered when choosing a suitable machine, and more.
For those who have never used such machines, we clarify at once that basically using cultivators (not to mention power tillers), all the same requires quite a considerable physical effort in its operation. Therefore, when asked what cultivator to take the elderly, women and other consumers who wish to facilitate their work as much as possible, we immediately answer that besides a mini-cultivator weighing up to 10-15 pounds, they are unlikely to cope (and this technique has a limited functionality and, for example, to prepare the ground for planting potatoes is not suitable). A cultivator and a single-axle tractor are primarily designed to save time. Simply put, with a shovel 10 acres will require 1-2 days perekapivat, and the technique can handle for 2-3 hours. But in these 2-3 hours the physical effort will not be less (and maybe even more) than when working with a shovel.
A cultivator is a mechanism for tilling the land, cultivating it. that is, plowing and loosening it with cutters, which are always supplied with the machine.
A single-axle tractor is a mechanism that can transmit the power generated by the engine installed on it to external active attachments (the most common in Russia is a rotary mower for tall grass, a snow blower, and a brush). Cultivator does not have such an opportunity.
It is also necessary to explain that 90 % of power tillers are at once and cultivators, that is, have milling cutters in a standard complete set and are capable to work with earth at once. The remaining 10% of power tillers are professional machines with a PTO, which initially come without any attachments. And the user himself chooses what he needs. Many people use such power tillers not for plowing the land, but only for community needs. for cleaning (a brush/snowplow/snowplow) or for transportation of cargo complete with a trailer.
A single axle tractor usually covers a wider range of applications and needs to withstand heavy loads,
at the moment there are also transition models on the market, which manufacturers themselves call a heavy cultivator, who calls a power tiller. These models have the form-factor of a power tiller (weight, gearbox, pneumatic wheels, gearbox), but do not have the most important thing. a pulley/power take-off shaft, i.e. are not able to work with active attachments (further “attachments”). We call such models “single axle tractor-cultivator.
The classic variant and the most common. Ploughing is performed by the tiller’s own weight. Power tillers are mounted on a gearbox shaft under the engine. During operation, the tillers rotate in the direction of travel, while the opener acts as a brake. The deeper the coulter is in the ground, the longer the machine is in one place and the deeper the ground is cultivated. The pluses of this design are simplicity in manufacturing (and therefore affordable), compactness, working depth. As a rule, a single-axle tractor is able to dig down to 2/3 of the diameter of the tools, and cultivators with small cutters and even to the full diameter under the wings. Thus, the depth of tillage reaches up to 20-25 cm, which is enough for planting almost all vegetable crops. The disadvantage is that it takes much more physical effort to control the machine during operation (especially on heavy, fallow and virgin land). When the milling unit is in the ground, the cultivator tends to “jump out” of the ground and the operator has to use his or her own physical strength to hold the machine. The heavier the single-axle tractor, the less is this effect observed. But there is a downside to this: when working on soil that has already been worked on many times, heavy equipment tends to dig in under its own weight and cannot move forward; it has to be “pulled” out of the ground, again, by its own efforts.
In this case, a single-axle tractor or cultivator with pneumatic wheels pulls the tiller that rotates counter to the movement of the wheels. Cutter can be driven by either belt drive or PTO. The biggest advantage. Is ease of operation. The operator holds the handles of the single-axle tractor and can only steer the tractor’s direction of travel. There is neither the above-mentioned effect of “catching” the tractor in the virgin soil, nor its burying in the tilled ground.
Separately, we should talk about the principle of small mini-cultivators, with a mass of 10-15 kg. Their own weight is not enough to dig in properly even on ploughed land. Therefore, their operating principle is the same as that of power tillers (cultivators) with an active tiller. The only substitute for a power tiller that pulls the tiller is a man himself. And the work is done in the following way: the operator walks with his back to the front and pulls the cultivator behind him, and the distinctive feature of such equipment is the absence of the opener.
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What is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator?
Cultivator. is originally a highly specialized type of equipment designed for loosening and plowing the land by rotating rotary cutters. They always come with.
A single-axle tractor is a multi-purpose machine. Its functionality directly depends on what attachments will be installed on it. It can be a tiller, mower, rotary snow blower, and other devices. In most cases removable mills are also supplied with the cultivator, that is, you can start cultivating immediately after purchase, but some professional devices may not be equipped with tooling at all. The buyer himself can choose the necessary equipment for his work and buy it separately.
The main design difference is that the power takeoff system of the engine. a pulley or a shaft that allows to transfer the rotation of the engine to the active canopy.
- Heavier: the weight of the tiller. the lower bar starts at 70 kg and can reach 200-300 kg, while for the cultivator 70 kg is almost the maximum weight
- Robust design: reinforced gearbox, frame and control levers.
- Presence of gearbox: most blocks have 2 forward and 1 reverse speed (there are models with more), most cultivators have no gearbox. you can only set the direction of rotation of the burrs (that is, the model with reverse or even with one forward speed).
- Pneumatic tires: needed to move heavy equipment from place to place or use a trailer. Cultivators have only small transport wheels, and only the heaviest models can be equipped with pneumatic wheels for a fee.
Also on the market you can meet “hybrids”. heavy and quite powerful units, structurally identical with power tillers, but without the most important system. the pulley of power diversion, which allows to use active attachment besides mills. There is no unified reference among such devices (the manufacturers themselves call them: a one-axle tractor, a cultivator), but in our catalog they are called “a one-axle tractor-cultivator”.
Gearbox design of power tillers and cultivators has its own differences. Gearbox is a mechanical element that turns engine revolutions into force rotation of the tool and running gear.
A gearbox with a stepshift transmission is at the heart of a power tiller’s transmission. Gearboxes are divided into: worm, chain, pinion, gear-chain.
Each class of machines requires a certain type of reducer. The right combination of engine and gearbox helps the power tiller perform a huge range of demanding tasks.
Cultivators have a simplified gear scheme and constant gear ratio. Cultivator can move forward or backward with a certain speed, which is regulated only by the engine speed.
Which to choose?
How to choose what to buy? What is better, power tillers and power tillers? It depends on the size of the area you are going to cultivate, on the list of works you want to automate, on the soil in the area.
What to choose? Single axle tractor or power tiller
Where and for what is better to use power tillers
For summer houses, gardens, vegetable gardens with an area of 10-15 acres is quite enough motokultivator. Especially if soils are light. Loosening the soil and processing of intercrops this device conducts well, but usually works on one speed. Only some, more expensive models may have two speeds, even rarer is the possibility to change the direction of movement (reverse).
Basic equipment. cutters. They are available in various sizes for different row spacing. Changing the tiller requires little time, which is convenient. Only the most powerful and heavy (that is, expensive) models are good for plowing, especially on light and medium soils. And it is not a question of deep tillage.
Small tillers are the best choice for small areas
Some owners of more powerful models use different kinds of ploughs. Processing quality is not always high. It is only good on light soils. Even with preliminary loosening, the row spacing has to be corrected manually. Though the work is definitely much easier.
The wheel is most often a single, solid-cast center wheel. That means, it needs some effort to keep the tool in stable position while working. In general, for a standard dacha plot the motocultivator is a great choice. Larger areas require more powerful equipment.
Scope of application of power tillers
If the area of the cultivated plot exceeds 20 hectares, it makes sense to buy a single-axle tractor. Unlike motorized cultivators, they have several transmission speeds, the possibility of reversing. Speeds are usually few, 2-3 forward and 1-2 reverse.
Kirloskar Mega T15 Power Tiller|field work performance|#Kirloskar_Mega_T15hp_Tiller#livingatvillage
Motor blocks are needed for large areas
The number of attachments on power tillers is greater: in addition to milling machines, plows, mowers and hoeing tools can be used. Due to its greater power, the unit cultivates the soil faster and can work at greater depth. The depth is changed by installing weighting plates that lower the tiller or plow.
The power block has two pneumatic wheels, which makes it more stable. Effort is minimal, you just have to control the direction.
The second class. “average” power tillers of 80 to 100 kg
In principle, “light to medium” is a fairly arbitrary division, and you can use “medium” in tasks for “light” and vice versa. It’s just more convenient to use a single-axle tractor of your class for your tasks. Therefore, when choosing, you need to decide what more will do your unit. If you work with earth milling. it is definitely the light models, if you work more with traction, where weight is important, then it is better to “medium” and so on.д. And everybody can carry an ordinary cart.
In the middle class, the most popular of course is “Neva” with the series MB-2. Within “MB-2” series itself there are different subclasses: the simplest “MB-2KS” with the most accessible engines and without axle lock (so-called differential), the usual most popular and proven “MB-2”, and the most advanced and convenient “MB-2 Multi-Agro” with professional engines.
KADVI” factory competes with “OKA” and “UGRA” power tillers. And “Mobil K” from the light class, as functionally it is similar to the “MB-2” series, despite its lower weight. “We have already considered Mobil K, so let’s move on to other manufacturers.
“Oka” is very similar to the “Neva MB-2” of classical design, but has a number of drawbacks: the cheapest (and consequently the most popular models) have the gear shifting through the metal rods, not ropes; gear shifting is inconvenient, without any handle at all; there is no axle release. But the car bribes by its price, and its reliability, all other things being equal, is not worse. Again, there are 9 hp models.с. The “Neva” already has such models on a heavier frame “MB-23”.
“Ugra” is probably the most ambiguous single-axle tractor of the presented. Its active attachments are connected via a slotted shaft (PTO). This is both a plus and a minus. Plus, no belts, better torque transmission, which, for example, when working with a snowplow is a big plus. It is possible to attach a proprietary adapter with torque transmission to the adapter axle, which turns the whole construction into a kind of buggy 4×4. Disadvantages. the continuation of the pluses. Few active attachments. essentially only a Zarya mower and snow blower. Keep an eye on your tractor, don’t overload the PTO. If it breaks, you won’t be able to do without replacing the belt.
A great five from the “middle” class (the division is conditional)
- Neva MB2-BS CR950 single axle tractor 6.5 is the most popular single-axle tractor with classic gearbox, wheel release and American engine
- Neva MB2-CS: GO is the most affordable single-axle tractor in the MB-2 series. Now comes with a Zongshen GB225 engine 7.5. 2020 versions were also available with a 6.5 л.с.
- OKA MB-1D1M10 Lifan 168F-2 6 single axle tractor.5. the cheapest single axle tractor in the middle class.
- Neva MB2 Multi-Agro BS Vanguard 6 single axle tractor.5 Professional engine, ergonomic handles, 3-speed gearbox “Multi-Agro. Best single axle tractor in its class. But also the most expensive.
- Single-axle tractor Ugra NMB-1H7 Lifan 168F-2 6.5. the most affordable version of power tillers with PTO.
Conclusion: what to buy
Now, understanding what the difference, you can easily “by eye” determine where a cultivator, and where a single-axle tractor. It’s hard to say which one is better, because every farmer and dacha owner has his or her own area to cultivate and different tasks. Some people will suit a gasoline cultivator, others. the ideal choice will be an electric lightweight device, and others only need a functional single-axle tractor. What to choose depends on the size of the area and your priorities. What is most important for you? Lightness, convenience, maneuverability, speed, economy, wide range of functions?
A few tips for those who are in doubt about the choice:
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