How To Correctly Cut Skirting Corner To Ceiling
How to make an outer corner
Just as the mowing lines were outlined for cutting the inner corners, the outer corners must be done. Attach the planks to the wall at the protruding corner. On the ceiling, mark a line along the length of one baguette, then a line along the other. You will get the intersection point, which should be marked on the upper parts of the baseboard. Draw the line from it to the lower edge of the workpiece (make two sides in this way).
Then work with the marked lines of the outer corner of the baguette as follows:
- Place the workpiece in the tray, pressing firmly against the front wall of the machine and holding it with your hand during operation.
- Set the cutting tool at 45 degrees to the workpiece and carefully cut off the corner.
- Install the counter plinth in the same way, pressing it against the front wall of the device.
- Cut at 45 degrees, but in such a way that the angle is directly opposite to the already cut.
After all the corners have been cut off, it is required to dock the fillets together, checking for defects in the work. If there are any, remove them by carefully cutting with a knife. As for wooden curbs, the unevenness on them must be removed with a file.
Before starting work, you should prepare the material with which you will have to work. Fillets are made of:
Based on this, you need to prepare the tools. Depending on the material, a device is selected that will easily cut off the part. Also, there should be glue for attaching the skirting board and a sealant to mask minor defects.
There is also special fittings for decorating corners. they are attached to the joints at the corners. Its benefit is that it can hide some of the irregularities of the work.
The higher the ceilings in the room, the wider the border should be. Otherwise, he will simply “get lost”.
Then, the surface is prepared to which the plinth will be attached. it must be dry, even and clean.
How to cut a baguette in the corner of a wall using a machine
A miter box is a U-shaped tray with sides, in which slots are made for the cutting tool. There can be three or more slots, depending on its purpose. The slots are made in such a way as to cut parts from 15 to 135 degrees. In this case, I am interested in a simple tool with a minimum set of slots for cutting at angles of 45-90 degrees.
The tray provides a ready-made template for cutting at different angles. It can be used to trim both internal and external protrusions. In its absence, you can make it yourself. This will require four planks, even and preferably smooth. Knock the tray out of them and proceed to the holes for cutting. Mark them at 45-90 degrees, cut with a thick cutting object or circular saw.
- The ceiling plinth is applied and cut on the near inner side of the tray.
- The molding is installed in the same way as it is planned for fixing to the ceiling.
- Cutting the workpiece should only be at 90 degrees.
- The side that will be glued to the ceiling should be firmly pressed against the bottom of the tray during operation.
- The border is cut here strictly on the front side.
- For each material from which the skirting board is made, you need to choose the right cutting tool.
- It is best to start cutting fillets from the inner corner, otherwise the part may turn out to be shorter and not fill the entire length of the ceiling.
How to cut the correct corner of the ceiling plinth with your own hands
You only need to cut the corners on the baguettes at an angle of forty-five degrees, which will help to combine both the outer and inner parts of the material. This can be done both through a slotted tray or in its absence by applying the necessary markings on the ceiling or on paper.
To join fillets with a decorative corner, you need to place the corner exactly in the center between the walls to the ceiling. Attach to it on both sides of the plinth and cut them a little with a clerical knife until they fit perfectly together.
The problem is that the standard sizes of such corners do not always fit the size of the curb, in which case it is better to cut the corner yourself.
How to cut corners on a skirting board
The ceiling plinth gives an aesthetic appearance to the room after renovation. It hides all minor construction defects, gaps and crevices. Since it runs along the entire perimeter of the room, it must be able to dock at the corners. This is not difficult and is done in several simple ways.
How to make an inner corner
- Press the fillet to the inner corner in the way it will be glued.
- With a pencil, draw the fishing line along the upper edge of the part (on the ceiling) towards the corner. Next, take the second one and press it in the same way to the second side of the wall.
- Draw the line with a pencil in the same direction towards the corner. As a result, you get the intersection of two lines on the ceiling.
- Then, reattach the skirting board on one side in the same way and mark the intersection of the lines on it. Do the same with the second baguette.
As a result, if you run the line from the mark to the bottom edge of the fillet, you get a flat line at an angle of 45 degrees.
To correctly cut the inner corner of the ceiling molding, follow these steps:
- Transfer the workpiece to the device in the same position as it will be attached to the surface and press it very tightly against the back of the tool.
- Put the hacksaw in the slots at 45 degrees to the workpiece, which must be held by hand during work, so that it does not shift.
- Carefully cut the baguette, controlling the pressure of the tool, so as not to damage anything.
- Another piece of plinth should also be installed against the back of the device, also pressing and holding it tightly during operation, avoiding displacement.
- Set the hacksaw at 45 degrees to the workpiece so that it is opposite the first trimmed border.
- Cut off. Done!
It is imperative to cut off the plinth from the front side of the product so that the line is even and clear.
Skirting Corner Tools
Initially, you should decide what exactly to cut. If this is a light material. polystyrene, for example, polyurethane, etc., then a clerical or well-sharpened knife will do. But the most versatile tool for cutting curbs from any material is a metal hacksaw. She cuts almost everything, smoothly and quickly.
A ruler and a crayon or pencil will also come in handy, and when manually cutting a plinth, an angular ruler is required.
How to trim corners on curbs without a machine
The device for trimming ceiling corners is suitable provided that the walls are flat, which are perpendicular to each other and to the ceiling. Otherwise, this unit will not help in any way and the angles will have to be adjusted manually. How to do it?
In the same way as described above, mark the cutting line for cutting, trying on the skirting boards to the ceiling. Then, carefully cut them off on a flat surface with a hacksaw, as far as possible, butting them to the desired ledge and trimming the flaws. Careful fit will help you cut corners as clearly as possible.
You can draw a diagram of the angle on paper (if it is perfectly straight), using a square, measure the cutting line of the cut along it and cut them evenly along it.
You can also measure the width of the fillet, use a ruler to set aside this value at the bottom of the plank and connect the protruding corner with the marked point with a straight line. Do the same on both opposite planks.
Then dock and see the result: if there are no gaps and everything is cut out clearly, you can glue it. If there are any flaws, the seam turns out to be imperfect. you need to adjust it with a sharp knife, cutting off the excess.
Note! In the presence of stretch ceilings, borders cannot be glued to them. only on the wall.
If you use these simple rules and pay attention to the tips, you can independently, without the help of specialists, figure out how to properly cut a corner on the ceiling plinth. This will not work the first time, you need to first practice on short details. Since there is nothing to hide flaws on the ceiling, how can you do this on the floor, you need to cut it out carefully, often trying on the product to the place of further gluing.
The ceiling plinth completes the complete picture of the room after renovation, gives it neatness and should harmoniously fit into the design of the future room.
How to cut a corner on a ceiling plinth with and without a miter box: instructions for “dummies
A novice craftsman, starting repairs in a house, asks how to cut a corner on a ceiling plinth with and without a miter box. The Homius editorial team will tell you how to beautifully lay out skirting boards on the ceilings in an apartment using different methods.
How to make a miter box with your own hands
The miter box is a useful tool with which you can correctly and evenly cut the corner at the baseboards along the oblique mowing line. Despite the fact that the miter box seems to be a simple device, in order to make it with your own hands, you need to understand what this design is for and how to use it.
Nuances to consider:
- A plastic miter box will not last long, it grinds off quickly and the cuts become inaccurate;
- if you plan to install large, wide skirting boards, the filling strip should also be wide;
- the sidewalls must be securely fastened so that they do not crumble.
Before cutting the plinth, you should either purchase a ready-made miter box or make it yourself. For this, you can use a simple sheet of paper, or blocks of wood.
If a saw is available, you can make a miter box from a single piece of wood by sawing out the middle and side cuts on the block.
How to cut crown molding the easy way!
To make a miter box, you will need: a board for the base, 4 boards for the walls and sides, hacksaws, a drill, drills, a file and confirmations. First, something like a box is assembled from the boards, in which holes are then cut out. The length of the sidewalls is 6-8 cm.To create them, a hacksaw or circular saw is used.
The cuts are made at right angles. You need to cut them carefully. the line must run in the same direction.
Layout of skirting boards using factory corners
It is sometimes possible to hide the defects that arose when attaching the corners, if you choose the right corner. If you suddenly had to cut off the excess part of the material and the corner of the plinth does not look beautiful, the gap is filled with glue, and a decorative corner of a suitable color is applied on top of it.
It doesn’t matter what kind of skirting board was used. polypropene or plastic. With the help of decorative details, you can greatly change the appearance of the ceiling. Cutting the corners yourself is not recommended, it is better to purchase ready-made.
Before using the miter box, the ceiling plinths are measured and applied to the work surface. Styrofoam skirting board is easy to cut with regular emery as it is made of soft material.
However, before cutting off the corner of the ceiling skirting board, check the quality of the joints on one or two skirting boards before cutting off all the material in stock.
Some types of skirting boards are also soft, but they are not made of foam, but of a different material. Before starting work, it is worth studying the composition on the label.
The movements of the file should be clear and even, this is the only way to cut off the ideal angle on the product
How to cut a corner of a skirting board with a homemade miter box
For those who do not know how to cut a corner on a ceiling plinth, the video clearly demonstrates all the steps.
How to cut the inner corner of a ceiling plinth
After adding decorative elements, the wall in the apartment looks stylish and expensive. In order not to disturb the harmony of the interior, you need to figure out how to cut the skirting boards to the ceiling so that no crooked joints form between them. The work of the finisher is painstaking and requires care.
In city apartments, internal corners are most often found; they can be decorated using a miter box. The corner on the skirting board is cut from the front. It is recommended to use a new hacksaw for a precise and even cut. It is also important to choose the right material. Skirting that is too soft will bend or crumble.
Before you cut the plinth on the ceiling in the corners, the fillets are applied for fitting and the cutting line is marked. The glue is applied only after successful joining of two blanks.
The process is simple: the walls are aligned first. On both skirting boards, an angle of 45 degrees is cut off, after which the parts are glued using special glue. Things are more complicated with curved walls. To make the skirting boards look beautiful, you need to try them on after each cut and, if necessary, undercut.
How to cut a ceiling plinth
Starting a renovation, not everyone knows what a miter box is. You can glue fillets on the wall without this tool, but it greatly simplifies the process. With the help of a miter box, corners are cut out on long panels for the ceiling. The device has oblique grooves, into which a hacksaw is placed for cutting. The miter box for skirting boards is a versatile tool. It can also be used for other types of finishing work.
To ensure that the skirting board fits snugly, it is placed vertically, in a raised state and supported when cutting
There are tricks to help you cut the workpiece correctly. To avoid the formation of gaps between the skirting boards, they are first applied to the ceiling and measured. For beginners who have never used construction tools before, it is recommended to leave an extra 5-7 mm, which can be easily removed with emery.
If the joint is ugly, you can hide it under special decorative corners.
The first way is with a miter box
Professional miter box with rotary hacksaw
The miter box usually looks like a tray with vertical holes for a hacksaw. It can be made of wood, metal or plastic. This tool represents the oldest and simplest carpenter’s tool for cutting wood pieces at 90 ° and 45 °. There are types of such a device for professional work, with a rotary mechanism, in which the cutting tool can be rotated and fixed in any position.
How to cut a ceiling plinth correctly
Ceiling corners are divided into internal and external, the method of joining on them is slightly different.
If necessary, you can make a miter box with your own hands. To do this, you will need three trims from plywood or boards of the same size. First, they are applied in the form of an inverted letter “P” and the corners are marked. Then, according to the marking, slots are cut out for a hacksaw almost to the very bottom, and the boards are twisted.
- Measure the length of the plinth from the nearest wall to the outer corner, leave the fishing line on the wrong side with a pencil, indicating the desired length. It should be noted that the edge (its upper part) should protrude slightly outward.
- The plinth is moved to the miter box and cut off.
- The adjacent bar also needs to be measured with a margin and cut off in a mirror image to the first part.
Trying on the ceiling plinth: the joining of the parts should be perfectly flat. If the result is not achieved and there are irregularities at the joints, you can trim the edges with an ordinary knife to a perfect fit.
Checking the smooth docking
All the nuances are well described in the video:
How to cut the corner of a skirting board evenly
A beautiful and neat edging of the ceiling hides the joints between the coatings and is an additional element of the room’s decor. But in order for the ceiling plinth to look really beautiful, you need to be able to qualitatively join its corner joints.
How to cut the corners of the ceiling plinth evenly can be found in our article.
Related article: how to properly glue the ceiling plinth with glue and putty.
Method two. no additional tools
For the inner corner, you can use the simplest way of perfect joining. by marking on the ceiling. Another example of how to cut a corner nice and even.
- Apply a fillet to the ceiling, firmly pressing its even edge into a corner.
- Draw a line along the long side of the plinth on the ceiling.
- The same action is done with the adjacent part on the other side.
- Mark the point of intersection of lines.
The end result is an even 45 ° angle when you draw the line from the point of intersection to the edge of the part. Note that the above marking method works only at perfectly flat corners.
- We make the right measurements.
- We install the plinth strip in the miter box so that this position exactly coincides with the placement on the ceiling.
- The plinth should be firmly pressed against the opposite wall of the miter box. Hold and press with your free hand.
- We put a hacksaw at an angle of 45 ° in a special hole and cut off the part.
- The adjacent part must be cut in the same way, only in a mirror image, as shown in the photo.
When cutting soft materials (PVC, expanded polystyrene), use a hacksaw for metal or an ordinary construction knife. Then the work will be neat and with smooth edges.
With a good eye and accuracy of hand action, you can use a homemade template that resembles an imitation of a miter box. To do this, take a thin board or thick plywood and draw a layout in the form of a horizontal rectangle. Using a protractor, mark 45 ° on the right and left sides of the rectangle. Draw mowing lines connecting opposite edges. You can now cut the ceiling plinth using this layout. The actions are simple and similar to the description above in the first option. Only the ceiling parts should not be inserted, but superimposed on the drawing and combined with the hacksaw with the layout of the layout.
Special accessories for docking
How to cut?
There are two main questions facing the installation of a ceiling plinth. How to properly cut a skirting board without gaps and with perfect fit in the corners, and what tools should you use to end up with a beautifully positioned ceiling element? In order to understand these issues, it is necessary to study all the methods and tools used in trimming the baseboard. Almost all methods and tools can be used to adjust the skirting board both in the inner and outer corners.
For the outer corner, the skirting board is trimmed at a 45 degree angle. First you need to check the evenness of the outer corner. If the wall surfaces touch each other at exactly 90 degrees, you can use a miter box to trim the skirting board. In order to properly cut the outer corner planks, it is necessary to correctly position both parts of the skirting board.
First, you need to outline the length of both halves, and only then trim them at an angle of 45 degrees. In order not to change the position of the saw and not to get confused with the location of the halves of the plinth, it is necessary to correctly position them in the miter box. The left half is laid face up, with the part adjacent to the ceiling closer to the center, and the second side adjacent to the wall should be pressed against the slotted sidewall. With the right half, everything is different: it needs to be laid face down in the miter box, and the location of the adjacent parts to the ceiling and wall here will be the same.
For a straight cut, the bar placed in the miter box must be pressed against the sidewall, placing it as close as possible to the slot. Holding the workpiece with your left hand, you need to carefully make a cut and put it aside. The second half of the skirting board should be cut in the same way, not forgetting to turn it face down.
In the absence of a miter box, you can make a project on paper or cardboard. First, draw a rectangle, inside which on the longer sides we draw two more parallel mowing lines. On each side, inside the lines, using a protractor, set the desired angle in different directions. Preparation and subsequent trimming of workpieces is exactly the same as using the tool itself.
This method is good in that you can postpone the angle not strictly 45 or 90 degrees, but a little more or less, because the surfaces of the walls in the corners are not always directed towards each other at an angle of 90 degrees, there are errors. Therefore, for a more accurate cut on the miter box depicted on paper, you can draw any angle using a protractor. The degree of the angle is first checked using a protractor, the resulting value is divided by 2. The resulting number will be the exact degree for the correct undercut.
If desired, you can build a miter box with your own hands. The easiest way is to make a tool out of wood, you just need to take three planks and put them together in the shape of the letter P. Then make marks on the side parts at different degrees, using a hacksaw to make slots. You can also make a miter box from two planks, having previously made slots in them, or use a drawing with the desired angles on paper to accurately determine the slope.
You can even use a table as an improvised tool. The main thing is that he has angles along which he could navigate.
In order to properly cut the outer corners, you can do without any auxiliary tools and drawings on paper at all, you just need to design the future corner in place.
The skirting board of the outer corner always protrudes into the room by an amount equal to its width, therefore, to determine the exact cut, it is necessary to make marks on the right and left halves of the skirting board. You need to set aside the width from the side adjacent to the wall. Then, from the resulting point, lead the line to the upper corner of the half. The resulting triangle must be cut, and the halves must be joined in place for a preview.
The same methods and tools can be used to join the halves of the skirting board in the inner corner. The location of the halves in the miter box when cutting for the inner corner is identical to the location of the parts used for joining the outer corner. But, you can not turn the right half of the plinth for a cut, but only change the slope of the cut (use a different cut). In any case, on the left side of the skirting board, the line will be angled to the left of the corner point located on the side adjacent to the wall, and on the right side of the skirting board, the line will be angled to the right of the similarly located point.
For perfectly flat corner surfaces, you can use a regular square instead of a miter box. To do this, you need to press half of the plinth to the inner corner of the ruler and cut off the unnecessary part at an angle of 45 degrees. It is not difficult to do this, since the side of the ruler and part of the plinth form a total of 90 degrees, the notch line divides this angle in half, which means that part of the plinth will be cut at an angle of 45 degrees.
For wooden and plastic skirting boards, it is not possible to make an incision in place, you can only apply a marking on the surface of the skirting board, and then cut the cut along the mark using a hacksaw or saw.
In order to properly cut and then join the halves of the baseboard for the inner corner, you need to measure in place with a simple pencil. The right workpiece must be applied to the corner from the corresponding side until it stops. On the ceiling surface, draw a line along the half and remove the workpiece to the side. We do the same with the other half.
At the intersection of the two lines, a point has formed, with which you need to make marks on each half of the skirting board. To put a point, you need to attach a half to the docking place. From the resulting point, you need to draw the line to the bottom corner of the half, as a result, you get a small triangle, which you need to cut off.
The halves cut in this way must be adjusted to each other, with inaccurately cut edges, the cuts can be leveled with a knife if the material of manufacture is foam.
To eliminate minor blemishes on the cut of wooden or polyurethane skirting boards, you will have to use a file. Only after complete coincidence of the cuts can you start fixing the halves.
Sometimes you can’t get the perfect fit, but there is always a way out. To eliminate cracks, you can use a putty. The choice of filler depends on the baseboard material. In order to eliminate inaccuracies in trimming the skirting boards, you need to practice using small pieces of the skirting board or cut the strips slightly longer than the intended size. Such a margin will make it possible to make a new undercut in case it was made with the wrong slope or the material at the cut point was deformed.
Previously, the ceiling plinth had a different name. fillet. Translated from German means “notch” or “groove”. The material for the manufacture of this decorative element was gypsum, which was poured into a prepared mold. The cured gypsum element was fixed to the ceiling surface with mortar. Today, gypsum ceiling plinth is very rare, its cost is high, and it is much more difficult to mount it compared to modern counterparts.
Ceiling elements are now available in several types of materials in numerous configurations. They are cheaper than gypsum ones, but they look no worse. The cheapest copies are made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC). This material is subject to deformation with insignificant mechanical stress, the formation of irreparable dents or creases leads to a complete replacement of the element. In addition, all manufactured PVC skirting boards are electrostatic, dust accumulates very quickly on them.
Ceiling skirting boards made of polyurethane and polystyrene are among the most demanded products. They gained their popularity due to their reasonable price, a wide range of profile patterns, a variety of sizes (their width varies within 5–250 mm), as well as resistance to moisture. Polyurethane ceiling elements can be found in the design of many rooms, they look great in any interior. But, there are also disadvantages, the material does not tolerate temperature changes, is prone to cracking, especially if installed above a stove.
The classic version of the ceiling plinth is a wood product. Wooden elements, unlike the listed types, are not installed on glue; self-tapping screws are used to fix them. Plinths made of this material are used to decorate wooden houses or rooms, whose style is dictated by the use of wooden elements.
Ceiling skirting boards: how to cut corners?
- Required tools
- How to cut?
- Outside corner
Any renovation work is always completed with finishing. In rare cases, the interior of the room does without a ceiling plinth, its presence helps to hide the joints of the finishing materials used for wall and ceiling surfaces, in addition, do not forget about the decorative function that this element carries. It is not difficult to arrange the perimeter of the room by simply fixing it in a straight line. It is much more difficult to cut it correctly in the corners without spoiling the material and spending a minimum of time and money.
Installing a skirting board means trimming the excess length and adjusting it in the corners. In order to make a pruning, you need tools. The choice of this or that type of tool depends on the material from which the plinth is made.
When working with wood and plastic, use an electric miter saw. Cutting with this tool is accurate, fast and effortless, you just need to set the desired parameters and lay the plinth correctly. It will not be difficult to choose the appropriate tool, since manufacturers produce this tool in a wide price range.
But, with wood and plastic, you can cope with another well-known carpentry tool. a miter box paired with a hacksaw. This tool is in the form of a tray, made of either wood, plastic, or metal. In the two parallel sidewalls of the miter box, there are saw slots for easy cutting of the plinth at the desired angle. In a simple tool modification, the ceiling element can be cut at an angle of 45 or 90 degrees, and in a more complex version, the plinth can be cut at an angle of 60 degrees.
A miter box and a hacksaw are cheaper than a miter saw, but they also have their drawback. this is the risk of damage to the material, especially if the quality of the purchased material leaves much to be desired. In addition, the miter box is more suitable for rooms with smooth walls and corners.
For a smoother cut without the risk of damage to the material and without delamination of the structure, a jigsaw is suitable. It is easy to operate this tool, with its help you can set any direction and make the most accurate cuts. For materials lighter in weight and with a less strong structure, you can use an ordinary construction knife, the main thing is to pick up a specimen with a sharp blade.
For a good fit of the ceiling plinth, it is not enough to properly cut and join the halves, you also need to glue them correctly. In order not to later cover up the cracks in the corners or alter the work altogether, you need to adhere to certain recommendations.
- Before the final installation of the skirting board, it is necessary to properly prepare the surfaces that will come into contact with it. Priming or simply treating parts of the ceiling and wall surfaces will help improve the adhesion between the skirting board and the surfaces.
- The corners of the room in which the skirting boards are installed should be decorated first. The remaining sections of the perimeter are mounted only after the complete installation of the corner elements.
If there are not only internal, but also external corners in the room, the priority in the design at the internal corners, as there is a risk of making a mistake with the length of the plinth.
- In order to fix the ceiling element without gaps, it is necessary to press the plinth quite tightly to both surfaces. It is worth remembering that excessive pressure on some materials can lead to deformation of the element.
- To avoid the ingress of glue residues on the front surface of the element, you should immediately remove the excess adhesive before it has time to dry.
- Sealing joints and cracks with a sealant should be carried out only after the glue has completely dried. Compositions with acrylic are most suitable as a sealant.
For how to cut the ceiling plinth, see the next video.