How to cut a large woodener tree. Cutting Irgi

Cutting hawthorn in the fall. how to cut a bush (photo, video)

Our nursery visited today. From strangers, I bought a hawthorn terry pink. The variety will be said on Monday 🙂 Prutik 1.5m said a very beautiful low tree with foliage. Even Mal-Mal bears fruit. It blooms gorgeous. Almost without spikes. Easy to mold and haircut. And I have no idea how to form it. You need a 3-3 tree.5m Prutik was told to cut off to leave cm 80, and form as you want. People, but how I want?

Murena, hawthorn can be formed by a tree (and in any form. both according to the principle of fruit trees, and a ball on the stem, and an umbrella), and a shrub (they use them with success). Hawthorn can withstand any haircut. But so you need flowering, it is advisable, probably, to make a tree out of it, forming skeletal branches, and then gradually maintained the form.

I formed my seedlings of hawthorn with trees on a stem of about 1m, it is especially beautiful in the fall when the fruits ripen.

Man Risks His Life By Cutting 100-Foot Californian Palm Tree

I already realized that I want a tree definitely. But what should I do with him now when landing? Whether it is necessary to cut it up to 80 cm, or it will already be the size of the stem? Or you just need to sprinkle the kidneys from the barrel? The fact is that I have never formed anything. Everything is somehow growing and it suits me 🙂

A tree of 3.5 meters will not work out in any way. Here are 6-7 meters-please: https: //

Olga, thanks! I studied, but I don’t know what kind of variety. It is only known that it is very decorative and without flowering, and that it does not have thorns, but the branches pointed. Probably like a cherry?

Milyaev, thanks! Inspired! The husband from the photo is generally delighted! When you take a naked twig of an unfamiliar plant, it is difficult to figure out that this fell into your hands 🙂 This is a tree in two trunks? But, for starters. He needs to demolish his head?


Murena, if you feel sorry for the place in the garden, then why “demolish his head to him”? Pull. there will be a flattened shrub. Form a stem. there will be a tree. And then your hawthorn will take exactly as much space as the barrel itself takes, that is, almost nothing. Plant hosts, primrose, fern, etc. under the hawthorn. D. On the list shadow plants. Just keep in mind that even though the roots go deep into the soil, but superficial roots are also available. And he loves to drink. So watering and watering again. Then plants planted under the crown of hawthorn will not be oppressed by the hawthorn itself (see. a photo).

Murena, and you have ‘Paul’s Scarlet’ variety. It can be called “Rosea Plena”, but the correct name is the first. They do not sell any other terry pink.flowered hawthorn.


Milyaev, thanks for the name! Places for a good comrade is not a pity! I want to put him in a friendly company that will remain the lower tier. This is Japanese Aiva, Diabolo Bubble and Barberis Tunberg. He should just “lead” this composition and give a shadow to the zone with a barbecue and washbasin. I don’t want to demolish my head! But there is the experience of “stubborn” species and soft hawthorn, who simply sit on the seat is low. But it is somehow necessary to form it, or he will form himself? I was not ready for its purchase, as they went to Pavlovia felt, and simultaneously fell in love with Lipa Caucasian. We did not even know what kind of beauty it was a decent, with pink kidneys. The husband has grown, he first noticed. I immediately realized that we would take it to the garden, no matter what 🙂 And when it turned out to be a linden, then without hesitation they invited to our garden 🙂 But if you don’t have to do anything with Lipa and Pavlovia, then I was worried about the hawthorn.

The value of the procedure

Hawthorn is an unpretentious plant in care, so even a beginner in garden art will cope with it. But everyone needs to know that this bush needs regular timely pruning. The value of this operation is undeniable.

  • If this is not done, the bush will grow, acquire an inaccurate, unexplored look.
  • Timely formation of the crown stimulates the appearance of new young shoots.
  • The tree, behind which is carried out proper care, there will be more fruits.

Therefore, one should not hope for the strength of nature. it is better to carry out pruning and regulate the condition of the bush on your own.

Choosing a place

A characteristic feature of this unpretentious plant is the ability to adapt to any conditions. The tree will grow in the sun and in the shade. There are many shade.tolerant hybrids. You can recognize them by the color of the leaf plates: the darker they are easier. the culture transfers the absence of ultraviolet radiation.

If you plan to decorate your garden with delicate flowers, and even harvest, then the choice must be made in favor of the solar site. Strong wood of young and mature seedlings does not receive burns even with prolonged stay under direct sunlight.

Particularly favorable they affect variegated varieties, which in the shade lose their color and become green. Far from the sun, any type of hawthorn will flaunt only foliage, and you will not see flowers and fruits.

In addition to lighting, it is important to take into account the features of the soil composition and its acid reaction. The plant prefers enriched with humus, neutral or slightly alkaline substrates. Although it can even adapt to heavy loams and poor sandstones, but in this case, the inhibition in development is inevitable.

Experts say that a successful terrain with an excess of calcium is successful for planting a hawthorn. If there is no one, then you will have to make your own adjustments. It is necessary to avoid an acidic environment where water stagnates during rains and thaws and cold air is collected.

How to plant hawthorn

Kalina. landing and care in open ground

For hawthorn it is better to choose heavy, but fertile soil. Although the tree has no particular preferences, it can grow in loamy, sandy or calcified soils. It is much more important to consider that there should not be clusters of moisture, hawthorn does not like this. If you just can’t find such a place, then some gardeners do artificial drainage. To do this, the landing hole is laid out with gravel, fragments of brick, pebbles.

The area should choose sunny, but there are varieties of hawthorn (for example, Paul) that tolerate shadow conditions well, but do not take risks, because the flowering and fruitfulness of the tree will depend on illumination. There is no reason for experiences that the tree will burn out in the sun, since the hawthorn is excellent even to a strong sun.

Preparation for winter

Many species tolerate winter cold. Such varieties include: “rooster of the spur” and the “plum.shaped” variety. The Gray.hauling house ordinary in cold winters can froze flower buds and shoots. Trees are not subject to shelter. To save the plant from cold weather, it is necessary to select varieties that are most suitable for the growing region. If single branches froze, they are cut out in early spring. Young branches will grow quickly and return the plant to the plant to the plant.

Depending on what goal the pruning of the bush pursues, it can be carried out at different times of the year.

  • In the spring, the procedure for the formation of the crown is most often carried out, giving it decorativeness and accuracy. The optimal period is the end of the first spring month and the beginning of the second, at this time the hawthorn has not yet woken up. Air temperature should be plus.
  • In the fall, pruning is carried out in order to remove old dead branches and sick shoots. This will help prepare the plant for winter and destroy insect pests.

After the procedure, the wound is not recommended, it is preferable for hawthorn to the hawthorn.

The fight against pests

Like most fruit plants, ordinary hawthorn can be subjected to various diseases:

The most easily spreading diseases of fungal origin are.

The powdery dew is called the leader in the lesion of most plant crops. It is characterized by the appearance of white plaque, which eventually becomes dense and gray, and in the later stages. brown. Powerful dew has the ability to parasitize on ordinary hawthorn, violating its physiological processes.

The spotting is also called a “multi.colored” disease that can affect many plant species. It also has a fungal origin. The carriers are insects. There are several types of spotting, each of which manifests itself in different ways on ordinary hawthorn:

    White spotting (ramulariosis, septoriosis) at the initial stages is manifested by red-brown bordered spots, which are almost invisible on the plant. As it develops, the culture is covered by a white plaque. Over time, large holes are formed on an ordinary hawthorn, which in turn prevents the normal nutrition of the plant.

Attention! The fungus is resistant to high temperature and humidity.

Mushrooms also provoke the appearance of ordinary rot in the hawthorn. Less commonly pathogens are bacteria. Depending on the affected parts of the plant, wood rot is distinguished, fruit and root.

There are also types of fungus that affect all organs of hawthorn. It is almost impossible to save the hawthorn from rot, it is better to burn the shrub to prevent the further spread of the disease. The landing hole in which the root system of the plant was located should be disinfected.

Important! It is worth considering that wood rot is poorly exterminated, so the best solution will be the removal of a sick shrub from the site.

Rust is capable of hitting the foliage, branches and fruits of the hawthorn ordinary by the appearance of accumulations of flattened yellow-honey pillows of spermogony, which gradually darken over time. With the active spread of the disease, the branches are hypertrophied, yellow swells appear on them. The affected areas are cut, and the shrub is treated with a 1%bordic mixture or its analogues (Hom, Abiga-Pick).

The steam affects the integumentary fabrics, provoking their rupture, cracking, peeling and the appearance of velvety plaque. Often the disease manifests itself in the form of a burn. In the winter period, the excituators mushrooms are in fallacial foliage, and mycelium is also present on the shoots. The intensive development of the Parsha occurs due to heavy rainfall in late spring and early summer.

Mushroom infection can provoke the appearance of curls of leaves. The defeat is manifested by swelling of the plates, the formation of bulges and concaves, a brownish plaque on the bottom of the plate and white. on the upper.

In addition, the ordinary hawthorn is attacked by insects spreading from apple trees, plums, pears, as well as decorative plantations. The most common pests include: powdery worm, shield, hawthorn, fruit sawdler, plane, weevil, false shift, green aphids, etc. The ordinary hawthorn itself does not act as their peddler.

Most often hawthorn suffers from the following diseases.

  • Powder. Signs of the disease are a web or felt plaque on the green mass and shoots. For treatment, it is necessary to remove the already damaged parts of the bush, to carry out drugs. “vectra”, “speed”, “kumulus”. As a prevention after 14 days, spraying repeat.
  • Brown spotting. The ailment is characterized by the appearance on the upper side of the leaves of large spots of brown-brown color. In this case, the fruit bodies of the fungus are formed on the lower part. For treatment, copper oxichloride or burgundy mixture is used.
  • Rust. The fungal ailment affects the aboveground part of the plant. With severe infection, spindle.shaped swelling appears on the branches, yellow spots on the foliage. Treatment is carried out by Bordeaux mixture with mandatory trimming of affected areas.


Brown spotting

Rust with dangerous insects for hawthorn are.

  • Green apple aphid. The pest feeds on the juice of culture. With a large number of colonies of the pest, shoots are deformed in the plant, and the leaves are prematurely fade. The struggle against insects is carried out by spraying the aerial part of “carbophos”, tobacco or garlic infusion.
  • Rosenic leaflet. The pest is laid eggs in the bark of plants from which caterpillars appear. They feed on the kidneys, destroy the ovaries. The fight against caterpillars is carried out by processing “chlorophos”.
  • The shield is apple.tender. The pest feeds on the juice of culture. It will be possible to destroy the insect with spraying with “fufanon”, “actra” or “carbophos”.


The breeding of hawthorn is carried out in any convenient way. using seeds, layering, by vaccinations or root offspring. It should be borne in mind that in this plant, seeds germinate very slowly, in some varieties they can only rise in a year. Seed planting is recommended only for conventional forms of plants common in the middle lane of the plant shape will look appropriate in the form of vaccination on a stem with a height of up to 1.5 m.

For breeding certain varieties of hawthorn on the site, it is necessary to instill them on the seedlings of mountain ash or a blood-red hawthorn. Seed planting can lead to a loss of their varietal properties. Cuttings are best vaccinated during sap flow, in early spring. This is done by cultivation in the T-shaped incision. Such plants will begin to bear fruit in two years.

Green parts of the plant are used very rarely, since such planting material takes root very poorly.

It is quite easy to perform the reproduction of the plant with root cuttings. To do this, you need to dig the rhizomes of hawthorn, free from the ground in the fall and cut into pieces about 10 cm. Roots 20 cm thick are best suited for this. The resulting cuttings are instilled into the hole with a thick side up under a small slope. They must be sold out to a depth of 2 cm. Planting should be done in a greenhouse. Cuts need careful care. the soil into which they are sunk should not dry out. In open ground, cuttings can be transplanted in early spring.

The propagation of the plant with layering is very popular. This method is possible if the site already has a full.fledged bush. So, its lower side branches must be completely or partially laid under the ground and filled with soil. Such shoots are well and quickly rooted.

A large number of seedlings can be obtained using vertical layering. To do this, the lower part of the bush is filled with the soil to the distribution mark of the branches. After some time, each of the branches covered with earth will take root and it can be separated.

Preliminary work

In addition to how to buy ready.made hawthorn seedlings (it is better to purchase 2. 3 year old plants for planting), you can grow from seeds, root cuttings or layering. In order to speed up the germination of hawthorn seeds (in natural conditions it sprouts only after 1. 2 years) they are stratified, and to force two years, it is preferable to grow hawthorn with root offspring or cuttings.

In order to grow hawthorn from root processes, you need to find and dig up a seedling suitable for further planting at an adult bush. Carefully separating it from the mother plant, you just need to transplant to a new place. You can also find branches in early spring, growing closest to the ground and put them in a small groove, fix it with wire, sprinkle with soil mixture and water. In the future, with easy care (watering and sprinkling if necessary, the branches will give roots and germinate, and separate the young plant in the fall and transplant to the right place.

Site about the cottage

If your garden plot has a sufficient area, then there are no obstacles to growing wonderful medicinal plants on it. Today in my section “Medicinal Plants” I will tell you about the cultivation of hawthorn on a personal plot.

To begin with, I will give a brief description of the plant and tell you a little about its useful properties.

It is a rather high (up to 3 meters) shrub, having many stem hooks. The time of bloom of hawthorn occurs in June, when the plant is covered with white or pink flowers. Inopiasively beautiful, completely blossomed bushes of cultural varieties of hawthorn with large terry flowers.

Diverse shapes of red fruits with juicy pulp are very tasty. They contain vitamins C, P, fructose, apple acid, tannins. Fruits can be eaten fresh, prepared out of them, jam, also dry and brew later, like tea.

Flowers and fruits have the strongest medicinal properties. They are used to increase blood pressure, shortness of breath, insomnia, asthma, cough, to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood, as well as a sedative. Infusions are made from flowers and fruits in folk medicine.

Hawthorn is also grown as a decorative plant, since almost all of its species tolerate a haircut and pruning well, which allows the bushes to give any necessary shape easily. The presence of a hawthorn of prickly bushes involves using them to create hedges, which, when correctly careful and forming, form a serious obstacle.

Growing hawthorn on the site

The hawthorn is photophilous, drought tolerant, undemanding to the soil, very winter.hardy, poorly tolerates dimming.

You can plant hawthorn in spring and autumn. To obtain fruits, hawthorn is put in pits, and to create a hedge. in a trench.

Heavy Sawmill Biggest Wood Cutting. Extreme Technique

The most suitable size of the landing pit for hawthorn is 0.6 meters, both in depth and in diameter. The distance between the pits is 1.5. 2.0 meters. In each pit, you need to add 1 to 2 buckets of compost, as well as mineral fertilizers, namely 5 tablespoons of nitrofoski. If planting is carried out in a trench, then it is digged in a width of 60 centimeters and a depth of 0.5 meters. 1. 2 buckets of compost and four tablespoons of nitrofoski must be added to one linear meter of trenches. In the trench, the bushes are planted at a distance of 40. 50 centimeters from each other.

It is important to know that fruit trees such as pears, apple trees, cherries. Plums, it is not recommended to grow near the hawthorn, since they have common pests. apple aphids, hawthorn, cherry sawfly, leaflet.

If we compare hawthorn with other cultures, then this is perhaps the most unpretentious plant. Begins to bear fruit 5-6 years after planting.

Harewatcher care: consists in weeding, regular loosening, top dressing and in the formation of the crown. In the hedge, the bushes can be cut to the required height. This will contribute to the development of lateral branches.

Starting from the second year after planting and the next years before the fruiting of the plant, it is fed 2 times.

large, tree, cutting

The first top dressing should be done in the spring, during the start of the leaf buds, with nitrogen fertilizers. To do this, dilute 2 tablespoons of urea in 10 liters of water. Solution consumption. 15. 20 liters per bush.

The second top dressing should be carried out in the fall, in September. To do this, you should take 2 tablespoons of nitrofoski for 10 liters of water. Solution consumption. 20. 25 liters per bush.

Now let’s look at how, when growing hawthorn, you need to feed fruit.bearing bushes (3 top dressing per season):

The first top dressing must also be done while opening leaf buds. To do this, take 3 tablespoons of “sodium humate” or liquid fertilizer “for 10 liters of water. The consumption of this solution is 20. 30 liters per bush.

The second top dressing should be carried out at the beginning of flowering: it is best to take for this top dressing for 10 liters of water 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate or “agricultural vegetate” plus 3 tablespoons of organic fertilizer “effecton” or 2 tablespoons of nitrofoski. In this case, the flow rate of the solution must be increased to 30. 40 liters per bush.

The third top dressing must be carried out during the fruiting period: for 10 liters of water, you need to take 2 tablespoons of “effecton” fertilizer or 2 tablespoons of liquid “sodium humate”.

You can also read about the cultivation of rosehips on the site, find out how to grow sea buckthorn. Also very good in the Garden of Chernokholodnaya Rowal.

If you liked my articles, subscribe to the release of fresh publications, filling out the form below. See you, friends, friends!

My name is Vladimir Strelchenko. By profession and vocation, I am an agronomist, as well as since 2020, in combination, I have been an expert of this portal. Our team is working daily on our portal and we are very pleased when you leave Комментарии и мнения владельцев, share our articles on social networks! Add the site to the bookmarks and let’s be friends.

Harewill shrub. landing, care and views

Harewalls is an amazing plant that has not only therapeutic properties, but also a beautiful appearance both during the flowering period and with clusters of red berries in the autumn time. It can be grown as a tree, shrub, as well as in the form of a miniature bonsai. In our article we will tell you how to plant and care for this plant, its types and propagation.

What are hawthorn

Hawthorn is a shrub or a low tree that belongs to the family pink. Actively used in the form of a decorative and medicinal plant, fruits are consumed for food.

The hawthorn shrub is not demanding on the soil, but it grows best on deep, medium.wilted and drained fertile soils. Unpretentious in culture, photophilous and winter.hardy. It is easy to care for the hawthorn, everything that is required of you is to periodically cut it and remove dry branches, during the transplant, a strong pruning is necessary.

The breeding of hawthorn occurs by sowing seeds, root offspring. Cultural varieties are propagated by vaccination.

Many people wonder, hawthorn is a bush or wood. Answer: both bush and tree. It all depends only on how you cut the plant. Hawthorn can grow up with a small tree or shrub if you very much.

Culture is suitable for growing in a hollow

You decided to grow hawthorn on your site. That’s just where you can buy it? You can buy hawthorn seedlings in bulk or retail on our website of the KFH Fruit Garden.

We offer you seedlings of excellent quality hawthorn with a high percentage of survival. This shrub is suitable for growing in a shake order? Go to the store section, select berry shrubs, other garden crops and hawthorn. Place the required number of seedlings in the basket, pay the order and receive it by mail. We guarantee fast sending and high.quality packaging of a bush!

After receiving the seedlings, you need to take care of the place of landing. As we already wrote above, the tree loves heavy and well drainage soils.

Dig a landing pit with a depth of at least 70 cm and a width of 0.5 m. If you plan to plant several shrubs, then the distance between them should be at least 2 m.

Before planting, you will need to fertilize the soil. To do this, use the composition of sand, humus, sheet flour and Toa. It is also advisable to add lime to the pit, but so that the roots with it do not come into contact. On the bottom of the landing pit, lay out 15 cm layer of drainage.

This plant loves light very much, so it is better to plant it on the sunny side, otherwise you may have problems with flowering and fruiting. A characteristic feature of hawthorn is a long root system, as a result of which you can transplant a tree only up to 5 years.

In a permanent place, the seedling is transplanted at the age of two years, they do it in spring or autumn. During planting, pay attention to the fact that the root neck is located at ground level. After planting, be sure to be full of a seedling, mulch the soil in the trunk circle, use it for this (if desired, replace it with ordinary dry land). Good fruiting in hawthorn appears for 6-10 years.

The hawthorn is capable of reaching 10 m. But it depends on the trimming and proper care. At the same time, the tree is a long.liver. 200-300 years.

What care is necessary

Hawthorn does not require special care. But it is important to remove dry and sore branches, as well as cut it. By the way, the shrub is well cut, it can even be used as a hedge. To do this, leave 3 part of the shoot when cutting.

As a rule, a haircut is carried out in the spring time. Using trimming, you can give the shrub any shape.

In the spring, before flowering, it is advisable to fertilize the hawthorn of the dung slide. At the same time, it is enough to water the tree once a month, but abundantly! For each bush is needed up to 20 liters of water, and in dry time, water water twice a month.

Periodically loosen the earth, remove weeds. In the spring and autumn period, dig the soil on the bayonet of the shovel, and if you do it in the summer, then in this case the maximum depth of digging is 15 cm.

Types of hawthorn

Hailedies have more than a thousand species, 15 of which grow in our country. We will tell you about the most popular who are actively planting and vaccinating.

Goyastrik is ordinary

Reaches in height about 5 m. Has the fruits of a bright red shade with yellow pulp. Calmly tolerates frosts, grows on clay and rocky soils, looks great in the form of hedges, easily cuts. Subspecies: floor scarlett and bicolor.

Siberian hawthorn

A tree in height can reach six meters. Has infrequently planted thorns, which reach a length of about 4 cm. Flowering occurs approximately from May 15 to June 15 white flowers with purple specks. Begins to bear fruit from the age of 7, berries can be eaten. It was this type of shrub that used to create hybrids of mountain ash.

The hawthorn is greenament

It grows in Kamchatka and Sakhalin, as well as on chicken, propagated by seeds. Black berries with green pulp have a pleasant taste.

Hawthorn is a

A characteristic feature is rapid growth and dense bark. It looks good in hedges, easily transfers pruning, releasing a large number of shoots. The fruits and flowers of this plant are actively used for therapeutic purposes, used to prevent heart ailments.

large, tree, cutting

The hawthorn is soft

Wood height can reach eight meters. Orange-red fruits with yellow pulp. Begins to bear fruit at the age of 7.

How to prepare hawthorn for winter

Most of the species of hawthorn are quite calm about cold and frosts. But some varieties, for example, are ordinary hawthorn, tolerate cold, as they are able to freeze shoots and kidneys. It is quite difficult to cover an adult tree in winter, so we recommend that in cold regions you use only frost.resistant species for planting. By the way, it is in our online store of seedlings that you can purchase such!

large, tree, cutting

Hawthorn in the garden: use and views

Hawthorn. very common plants. They can often be found in city parks, in forests and near roads. But you should not consider hawthorn a weed plant, although it is unpretentious, quickly and everywhere grows.

“For” and “against” hawthorn in the garden

From its positive features, it can be noted that the hawthorn has a beautiful crown, beautiful flowering and spectacular berries-clamps, edible and very useful in many species. Hawthorn fruits can be added to fruit blanks or cook jam only from it. it turns out very beautiful. Hawthorn flowers are used in folk medicine.

Hawthorn quickly replenishes the greens with a haircut and is well formed. Thanks to this, he is in demand in the landscape design of suburban areas, especially for hedges and those places where you need to quickly create a green array.

Hawthorn can live on clay soils, so common in go even more prefer heavy soils.

Hawthorn. real long.liver in the garden, if you put him on the site, then they will be admired not only your grandchildren, but also great.grandchildren.

The disadvantages of the hawthorn include the fact that some species during flowering smell not very nice.But this does not apply to all hawthorn, you can choose a plant without smell, for example, all pink terry type. The rest just do not plant close to benches and windows.

Some may seem like a lack of rapid growth of the plant, but the choice of species and regular pruning can correct this situation. The abundant shoot of hawthorn is also quite simple, without clogging the site.

Using hawthorn in the garden

Hawthorn has many species, some of them are, most are deciduous. Bloody red hawthorn is most common, it is it that we most often meet on the streets, the same hawthorn with large fruits and bright-bright leaves look more spectacular.

It is perfect to plant hawthorn in a sunny place, but they will also live and bear fruit in the shade. They will not require excess attention from you, only in the arid seasons should they be watered. Fertilize and cut hawthorn in the same scheme as other decorative trees in your garden. It is better to plant them in the fall, but in the spring you can also.

They use hawthorn more often in group landings, but sometimes separately, for the sake of elegant curtain.

Often in the garden it is necessary to create a hard-to-reach and poor-tested fence around the site, and the hedge of hawthorn is ideal for this. Firstly, it has a dense crown, secondly, it grows quickly, and secondly, the hawthorn has large thorns, so it will protect your garden from uninvited guests better than any fence.

To create a hedge from hawthorn, two.year.old seedlings are placed in a trench prepared and filled with fertile soil. The distance between landings should be about 30 cm. As the branches grow, they intertwine, forming a dense barrier. The hedge can be regularly cut, giving it geometric outlines, or can be left in a natural state, so it will also look good. It all depends on your desire and tasks.

Types of hawthorn

Bulberries are plum

High tree, in adulthood reaches 7 meters. Beautiful with its spreading crown. In the summer of foliage resembling a leaf of plum, it has a dark green tint, in the fall it becomes orange-red, decorating the entire garden. The berries are painted red, and remain on a tree hanging all winter if they are not collected. Suitable for both hedges and for single landings.

Bulberries of the peristrovenic Far Eastern

Decorative tree about 5 meters high, by the fall, it is abundantly covered with large bright red pimpled fruits in size of about 2.5 cm. Blooms with white colors with a strong original smell. The leaves are beautifully dissected, dark. Used in single landings.

Hawthorn is large.fruited soft

Tall tree up to 8 meters with a spherical crown. Has delicate curved branches with very long thorns. The flowers are white, it smells nice. Fruits have orange or red, reach 2 cm and yellow sweet pulp. Decorative in the fall, when the foliage is painted in orange and red. suitable for single plantings or grown as a fruit tree.

Hairy.hairy or prickly

Reaches 5 meters in height. The fruits are red, small, bright, medium thorns. The flowers are white or pale pink with a peculiar smell, not everyone will seem pleasant. Suitable for hedges. Beautiful flowering is the variety SCARLETT floor (pink-white flowers), variety bicolor with red-white colors. Arnold variety has very long thorns and white flowers.

Hawthorn is a

Rather, it is a shrub than a tree. Ideal for hedges, as it grows very quickly and has a dense crown. It has many bred varieties with a pyramidal or weeping crown, with terry flowers of white or pink color, there is a variety without spines and with variegated leaves. The fruits of this species are very useful.

Hawthorn can be affected by pests and diseases, so they must also be treated with preventive agents and in the event of a disease. If you want to learn more about other decorative, but unpretentious shrubs and trees, get acquainted with the audio guide on the plants of the garden. You can test for free!

Growing hawthorn on the site

The hawthorn is photophilous, drought tolerant, undemanding to the soil, very winter.hardy, poorly tolerates dimming.

You can plant hawthorn in spring and autumn. To obtain fruits, hawthorn is put in pits, and to create a hedge. in a trench.

The most suitable size of the landing pit for hawthorn is 0.6 meters, both in depth and in diameter. The distance between the pits is 1.5. 2.0 meters. In each pit, you need to add 1 to 2 buckets of compost, as well as mineral fertilizers, namely 5 tablespoons of nitrofoski. If planting is carried out in a trench, then it is digged in a width of 60 centimeters and a depth of 0.5 meters. 1. 2 buckets of compost and four tablespoons of nitrofoski must be added to one linear meter of trenches. In the trench, the bushes are planted at a distance of 40. 50 centimeters from each other.

It is important to know that fruit trees such as pears, apple trees, cherries. Plums, it is not recommended to grow near the hawthorn, since they have common pests. apple aphids, hawthorn, cherry sawfly, leaflet.

If we compare hawthorn with other cultures, then this is perhaps the most unpretentious plant. Begins to bear fruit 5-6 years after planting.

Harewatter care: consists in weeding, regular loosening, top dressing and in

the formation of the crown. In the hedge, the bushes can be cut to the required height. This will contribute to the development of lateral branches.

Starting from the second year after planting and the next years before the fruiting of the plant, it is fed 2 times.

The first top dressing should be done in the spring, during the start of the leaf buds, with nitrogen fertilizers. To do this, dilute 2 tablespoons of urea in 10 liters of water. Solution consumption. 15. 20 liters per bush.

Methods of trimming

How to trim the hawthorn in several ways:

  • for fruiting. due to the removal of old branches, new shoots will bring a rich harvest;
  • anti.aging. this method is used when the plant stops in the plant;
  • regulatory. combines growth and fruiting with renewal of fruit formations;
  • Restorative. this method of gardeners are used for mechanical damage to the crown, or if the tree froze. As a result of injury, the plant slows its growth and ceases to bring crop;
  • sanitary. removal of dry damaged sick and not overwest branches.

The formation of shrubs

The crown of hawthorn is easily formed, therefore, the shape of the bush can be given completely any. It is best to form a bush in the spring, before the buds start. Pruning is carried out with a sharp and clean tool.

The formation of hedges

Varieties are suitable for growing a green wall:

“These varieties not only create a dense wall, but also decorate the garden with beautiful flowering.”.

Annual and correct formation is necessary for the hedge. The branches of the lower tier dry out over time, and they must be cut under the root. If this is not done, the green fence will lose its decorativeness.

Rules for conducting

So that in the process of trimming, it is possible to maintain a beautiful shape of the bush, it is recommended to adhere to the following tips.

  • Leave in plants from 5 to 7 main branches.
  • Their height should be within 2 meters.
  • In the first year, all shoots are pruned at an altitude of 15 cm from the ground.
  • In the summer of the second year, you can slightly shorten the side branches, this will cause rapid growth of the plant. And in early spring they are removed almost to the base (it will be enough to leave about 2 cm).
  • The main branches should be trimmed by ½. It is also recommended to do this in the spring. In the summer, these branches are slightly trimmed.
  • In the third year, the form of the formed bush should be corrected with the support of the secateur and support it throughout the season.

So you can give the bush the necessary appearance. However, cutting the plant, it is important to ensure that its lower part does not remain bare and is also covered with branches. Only in this case you can get a evenly lush crown.

It is interesting that from the tree of hawthorn, if desired, you can make a bush, for this the trunk is cut under a stump, which will very quickly cover with thick shoots. However, experienced gardeners do not recommend this, since the bush will be very prickly, which will greatly complicate the formation of its crown.

All about the cottage

Hairy.hairy and growing conditions

Hawthorn plant is unpretentious and so easy to care for it that you can say “planted and forgot”. All this, provided that the right place for landing and a suitable substrate. At the same time, they follow the deep root system of hawthorn, which is why plants over 5-6 years of age are better not to transplant from place to place.

Older plants can be planted in the ground if it was grown in a large container, and it has a deep root system. In this case, it must be removed directly with the earthen lump. Ideally, the container is broken so that the roots of hawthorn are not injured.

Hawthorn not only love good lighting, but also feel great even on the strongest sun, without receiving sunburn.

Among the many species and subspecies of hawthorn there are shade.tolerant species that can grow in partial shade or shadows. It is easy to distinguish them by the color of the foliage: the darker the shade of the leaf plate, the more shadedwing. Varieties and forms with variegated leaves need abundance of sunlight, otherwise, they will lose a bright color, becoming green.

The number of sunlight directly affects the number of generative (color.bearing) buds and, as a result, on flowering and fruiting. Therefore, the hawthorn growing in the shade will decorate the garden only with its foliage, and it may completely stop bloating.

Types of hawthorn are characterized by their unpretentiousness to soil conditions. They can grow on a variety of substrates, including heavy loamy soils, poor sand substrates and calcified soils

The most well hawthorn feels when it grows on soils rich in humus, neutral or slightly alkaline (pH 7-7.5), but always well drained. Hawthorn-kalzeophytes that love an excess of calcium in the soil. They do not grow on acidic soils with excessive amounts of moisture.

Hawthorn do not like to grow in places of moisture accumulation (in the lowlands where rain water flows, or where water accumulates after melting snow). This must be taken into account when choosing a place for planting a plant.

The ideal substrate for the hawthorn consists of them, the soil of deciduous (or mixed) forest, sand, compost and lime. So that the lime does not damage the root system, it is necessary to add it to the landing hole 1.5-2.5 weeks before planting, be sure to mix and pour it. The amount of lime introduced depends on the initial acidity of the substrate.

To prevent stagnation of water, the bottom of the landing pit can be laid out with drainage materials. For this, gravel, broken brick, large pebbles, broken ceramic tiles are suitable.

Most species of hawthorn are drought.resistant plants that can do without additional watering. However, young plants with a weak root system need additional watering in arid periods. It is also advisable to mulch the soil around the plant to avoid moisture loss.

So that the hawthorn bloom well, fruit and does not drop the fruits ahead of time, it will need to provide additional watering (if the weather is dry). The logic here is simple: with a lack of moisture, the plant primarily provides water with the most necessary parts: shoots, then leaves, and only then the fruits. If there is not enough water, the protective mechanism is triggered, and the hawthorn gets rid of excess (the fruits fall early). But the hawthorn is also impossible to shimmer. with excess moisture on the roots of the plant, pathogenic fungus can develop.

Early fruit falling may not be associated with drought. There are species in which fruits fall immediately after ripening (for example, Arnold’s hawthorn).

Hawthorn can grow without fertilizers, but at the same time their growth slows down, an external state may worsen. Large.fruited varieties that are grown to get the harvest need several top dressing during the season.

The first fertilizer application is carried out in the spring at the beginning of the growing season, before flowering. The second top dressing should be carried out during flowering (preferably at the beginning). The third time fertilizers are applied during the ripening of the fruits.

Decorative hawthorn is enough to fertilize twice: in the spring and autumn (or at the end of summer). You need to use both organic fertilizers (compost, humates, manure), and complex mineral components. But they need to be made with an interval of several days.


Hawthorn is easily formed, treated well, but can do without it. This plant is for the lazy on the one hand and for creative personalities. on the other.

From the hawthorn you can make a hedge of any shape, a bizarre figure of an animal or form a separate tree. Its advantage before other popular plants for hedges is undeniable: rapid growth that allows you to give a new shape or fix the flaws of the previous haircut (for example, boxwood, berry tice grow more slowly); The presence of colors and bright decorative fruits makes hawthorn attractive all year, including the winter period (for example, elm, grab, do not have such advantages); The leaves on the hawthorn hold to frost, maintaining the decorativeness of the plant; Dry resistance and increased aggravation of air.

Sanitary pruning is carried out in the spring. At the same time, dry and damaged branches are removed, as well as renew the plant. To create a hedge in the first three to four years after planting, the shoots cut by 50-60 % of the new growth.


Seed reproduction is a very long process: hawthorn grown from seed will begin to bear fruit no earlier than ten years later. Use this type of reproduction mainly breeders to create new varieties.

For generative propagation, it is better to use seeds from slightly unripe fruits that still remain on a tree. This increases the percentage of seedlings. The collected seeds need prolonged stratification from eight months to a year. And after it is advisable to script (damage to the seed shell) by immersion in acid for several seconds or mixing with large sand.

Creating a hedge

Many of the gardeners grow hawthorn as a single fruit or decorative plant. Due to the fact that it quickly grows and it has thorns, this culture is often used to create an impenetrable green hedge. And so that it is thicker, young hawthorn bushes are often planted-30-50 cm from each other. To create a durable barrier, you can make such a hedge and in two rows. In this case, the bushes are placed in the ground in a checkerboard pattern, having them with gaps 60-70 cm, leaving between the rows about 50 cm.

Flower flower bed design. TOP-10 simple and effective techniques

So that the “green fence” from the hawthorn looks beautiful, plants are definitely needed by a regular haircut. Without this, the bushes will quickly stretch out, exposing below, which will look extremely unattractive. In the year of planting, the hawthorn is cut 10-15 cm from the ground, and in the future it is cut already depending on the condition of the plants and the desired height of the hedge. The shoots that appear can be intertwined with each other, then the fence will be even thicker and stronger. With strong growth, 2-3 scraps per year are possible. This will contribute to the growth of lateral shoots and the creation of an impassable barrier.

The crown of bushes planted in a row can be formed in different ways. For low hedges, a form in the form of a rectangle or trapezoid is more suitable. If a higher living wall is planned, then the crown and spherical shape will look beautiful.

Hawthorn. albeit rather unpretentious culture in care, but still requiring certain attention. This is especially true for the trim procedure. Single and hedges planted in the form of hawthorn bushes should be cut annually so that they not only be fruitful better, but also look neat and neat. It will be easier to do over time, it is only necessary to adopt to the process itself.

How to transplant a hawthorn tree?

22.04.2018 #Fences #Garden Instructions

Hawthorn is one of those rare plants that combine beauty and functionality, benefit and unpretentiousness. It is good in hedges, and as a independent blooming shrub, and as a medicinal plant, and even in compote. Consider this unique in more detail!

Description and application

Hawthorn (lat. Crataegus, English. Hawthorn). perennial deciduous tree or tall shrub, the height of which ranges from 5 to 15 m.

Blooms with magnificent clusters of white, red or pink flowers, being an excellent honey plant and decoration of the garden.

The fruits are edible, bright red, orange or black, depending on the variety, are similar in appearance to mountain ash, but they have a large bone inside. Fruded sharp thorns can be located on the branches with a length of 1 to 7 cm.

Many hawthorn is known for their healing properties. In medicine, flowers, fruits and even the bark of this plant are often used to treat cardiovascular diseases. Large hawthorn is used for homework. But not only good qualities are good for hawthorn.

It is used in landscape design in group landings, hedges, and even as a bonsai. Many gardeners loved the plant for their unpretentiousness, besides, it is little subject to disease and grows rapidly.

Methods of propagation of hawthorn

There are several ways to propagate hawthorn.

  • The bush is most easily propagated by seeds. This is reliable, and the output of ready.made children gives a good result not only in quantity, but also in quality, that is, in resistance to natural conditions. In order to propagate hawthorn from seeds, it is necessary to screen and stratification of seeds, otherwise the shoots will appear only for 2 to 4 years. To do this, collect slightly unripe fruits, until the bone has time to completely harden, separate the pulp and placed in a toy mixture, abundantly moisturizing and stirring. The substrate is placed in pots or boxes with holes below. The time comes for the first stage, warm stratification: the containers are placed in a warm room for 4-6 months at a temperature of 20. 25 ° C. The second stage, cold stratification, lasts 3. 6 months. To do this, the toyan mixture with seeds is entered in the cellar or placed on the lower shelf of the refrigerator, where it is possible to maintain a temperature of about 5 ° C. In front of the sowing, seeds are soaked in water for a week and performed. the destruction of the outer shell of seeds. Seeds either scratch between 2 sheets of sandpaper, or rubbed in a stupa with sand. After that, they sow in the fall. And then in the spring you will be rejoiced by your seedlings.
  • Having an adult plant, you can grow hawthorn on your own in other ways. root cuttings or root offspring. The hawthorn is extremely rarely cut by cuttings of branches, since lignified twigs do not root, and green cuttings give a very small percentage of rooting. Growing young seedlings will not bring special troubles, but it is better to cover them for the first 2-3 years for the winter to avoid freezing.
  • To propagate the hawthorn with root cuttings, harvest parts of the roots from the uterine plant late in the fall or early spring, when the plant is in a state of sleep. Dig the roots in the garden and designate this place for yourself. Then, in the early spring, cut the roots 7. 10 cm long, stick in the ground the thickened part upwards and leave 1. 2 cm from the root on the surface. Moisten abundantly. For the future hawthorn to grow well, it is better to do it in a guy or a greenhouse.
  • To propagate the plant with layering, bend the branch of an adult plant and deepen it into a groove dug up next. Fix a branch in the ground with a wooden slingshot or wire. Process the root formation stimulant and dug up. Run over as new shoots appear. If a fairly good root system has formed in the fall, then you can press the section from the uterine plant to the ridge for growing. If not, leave one more year.

It is also possible to propagate hawthorn in other ways, but we have brought for you the most affordable and rational options. And in any case, as you noticed, breeding this plant will require time and attention.

Planting hawthorn

Hawthorn loves heavy and fertile soils. It should be planted in a sunny place, arranging drainage from expanded clay, broken brick or gravel with a layer of 15. 20 cm at the bottom of the landing pit. The root system of the shrub is powerful, long, it grows strongly. The best age for landing for a permanent place is 2 years.

All these factors must be taken into account when choosing a site for the plant. The planting mixture is prepared from humus, toa, lime, sand and manure. You can use a fan, or bouquet method of landing, when the seedlings of hawthorn are laid in one hole several pieces. In this case, a compact and beautiful group will grow over time.

Guide the main landing rules:

Hailedies landing is carried out in spring or autumn. The bush will begin to bear fruit abundantly after 5-7 years.

Types of hawthorn

Hailedies have more than 380 species and a huge number of forms and hybrids. About 50 of them grow in our area. We list the most popular.

  • Ordinary hawthorn, or hawthorn. It is not found in wild form, but often used for urban landscaping. Has fruits of bright red color with yellow pulp inside. It is perfectly cut and widely used for hedges, since it has small textured leaves (2. 5 cm), a dense crown and spines. Feels good on rocky and clay soils. Frost.resistant, but grows slowly. Recommended variety: SCARLETT Paul is a decorative shrub with terry bright red umbrella inflorescences. Fruit extremely rarely.Crataegus laevigata ‘Paul’s Scarlet’
  • Hawthorn single.pharyngeal (latch. Crataegus monogyna) is largely similar to ordinary, but grows rapidly, and its flowers are painted in pink. Old shoots have a gray bark, new often have an easy pubescence. The final height of the shrub does not exceed 6 meters, life expectancy is great. up to 200 years. There are few thorns up to 1 cm long on shoots. Like ordinary hawthorn, used for hedges. Has high indicators of drugs of beneficial properties.
  • Siberian hawthorn, or bloody hawthorn (Crataegus sanguinea), in adulthood does not exceed 4 meters. Has rare, but thick and sharp thorns up to 4 cm long. The color of the bark is purple-red, the fruit of bright red, almost burgundy. The inflorescences are white, with a characteristic smell, cover the tree from May to the end of June. Fruit from 7 years, edible, used for blanks.Blood-red hawthorn (Siberian)
  • Satter hawthorn, or hawthorn is half.dead, has a spherical crown and strewn with small thorns. Delicious berries are painted in orange-red color, and yellow pulp. Brush is fruited from 6 years, appreciated for the decorativeness of foliage and bright fruits. It is poorly properly propagated by seeds, as a rule, only half is viable, so breeding with cuttings is recommended.
  • Hawthorn point (lat. Crataegus punctata) completely unpretentious appearance. His trunk is short, a flat crown. Blooms all summer. from May to September, the flowers are quite large. The berries are red or yellow, depending on the variety, and have small points, for which this species got its name.
  • Hairy.hazardous hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida) has a wide crown and shiny, as if cut, leaves. Blooms with white flowers, which are then tied in red berries with a tart-sweet taste.
| Denial of responsibility | Contacts |RSS