How to cut a skirting board at 45 degrees
How to cut a ceiling baseboard so that the corners are perfect 30.05.2014. Published in: Installation Features. Tags: baseboard, cutting
In the corners of the room when installing a ceiling plinth, for example, foam plastic, there can often be small inconsistencies that spoil the overall appearance of the room. This, of course, can and should be avoided. So, how to cut the baseboard with your own hands evenly? The first assistant in this matter will be such a tool as a plier. But buying it for a one-time repair is not always advisable. Although, if you have decided to help with the repair of all the relatives and neighbors, and in the future also earn on this, then this device you need.
If you are still limited to one installation of a baseboard at home, then such a carpentry tool is not necessary to use. You can do without it. In order to consider all the ways to properly cut a ceiling plinth, let’s find out what it consists of.
Composition and characteristics of the material
To understand how to properly cut a baseboard, you should understand its composition. This will help you choose the right tool and cutting technique.
- Styrofoam. The price and durability of this material is the lowest. But since we are creating a decorative ceiling decoration, the strength is not particularly needed than normal foam. The most common knife is used to cut such material.
Tip: Sharpen knife well before use. This will avoid jagged edges in the cut areas.
Tip: The shallower and more frequent the saw tooth, the more even the edges will be. You can even use a blade for metal.
Using a regular hacksaw blade
Ways to cut corners of the baguette
The problem of cutting the corner connection of decorative cornices is not the difficulty of cutting correctly at an angle of 90 or 45 degrees, but the fact that most of the corners of the room are curved, and do not have 90°. So, have to contrive, seal the gap putty, liquid nails, silicone or trim by hand.
Using decorative corners
The easiest, but also the most expensive way to cut the ceiling moulding is the use of decorative inserts. This method is expensive because you have to buy additional elements.
But there are some advantages to this option:
Decorative inserts for ceiling plinths (including flexible) in their purpose are divided into:
Photo of products designed to join the ceiling planks of the baguette
Understand how to cut the corner of the baseboard for this method is not difficult. In this case, the ceiling cornice is cut strictly at an angle of 90°. And, as you can understand from the photo below, it is glued against the previously glued corner.
The easiest option for decorating the corner with the corner connection for ceiling ties
Cutting off the corner of the ceiling plinths with a jig
The main tool for cutting ceiling cornices at an angle is a plane. Its design is simple, it is a kind of tray made of wood, metal or plastic with special grooves that guide the blade of the hacksaw at a certain angle.
With a standard tool it is possible to cut a product at angles of 45, 60, 90 degrees. When cutting ceiling ties is mainly used trimming in 45 and 90 degrees.
Photo of the tool, with the help of which the trimming of ceiling baguettes becomes a simple and easy matter
Begin at the inside corners. To understand how to cut the right corner of the ceiling plinth, to begin with, put it to the inner corner of the room and visually determine the line for trimming the cut. Notice that the bottom, the edge that is fastened to the wall, always stays longer.
Next, we put the ledge in our joinery so that the edge that will be attached to the ceiling is at the bottom. We set its end at the desired angle, in this case 45°, fix it, and with smooth movements cut off the unwanted part.
This way we get the correct cut of the ceiling moulding for the inside corner.
Using the techniques shown in the photo, you will never make a mistake when trimming the dumbbell
Please note! If you stand facing the corner, you can divide it into right hand and left hand. So, the right inner corner is cut from left to right, the left, on the contrary, from right to left.
Tip! Do not apply too much pressure or make any sudden movements when cutting. This can cause damage to the edge of the cut.
To cut the outer corner, you should perform the same steps, only the direction of the cut will be different. When cutting, please note that, unlike the inner corner, in the outer corner of the longest should remain the edge that is glued to the ceiling. Thus, for the right side the mode from right to left, and for the left side. from left to right.
Please note! The gap from the incorrect trimming of ceiling cornices on the inside corner can easily be filled, and filled so that visible such a defect will not be. With the outer corner, such oversights should not be allowed, as such a defect is virtually impossible to correct. If the outer corner is not 90 °, then, first of all, cut the baguettes in a jig, and then fit them directly on the spot with a knife on drywall.
How to make a correct cut without a joiner
So, we figured out how to cut the corner on the ceiling plinth using a wire cutter. But what to do if you can not find such a tool at hand, and to buy it in order to glue a baguette in one room is not desirable? There is a way out.
Consider how to properly cut the corner of the baseboard without using a guide tool.
To do this, we bring the ceiling tack in a corner and draw a pencil on the ceiling on the line of the tack mark. Do it on both sides, left and right. As a result, we will have two lines intersecting on the ceiling.
Marking the ceiling tack for further trimming without the help of the jigsaw
Carry the point of the intersection onto the dumbbells. Then put them on a flat surface, just as in the jig, and cut off the unnecessary part. Cutting off the fillet, take into account the rules that are used when cutting ceiling dumbbells in the joinery fixture.
Trimming a ceiling ledge without using a jigsaw
The outside corner can also be cut in this manner. Only to draw lines already on the wall. Here we have figured out how to cut the corner on the baseboard without the use of a plier.
Note! To make a correct cut of the ceiling molding without using a jigsaw, it is very important not to make a mistake with the marking, and cut the unnecessary part of the product strictly vertically. If you do not adhere to these rules, then when joining the ceiling baguettes in the corner may create a large gap. Advice! Use this method only when cutting corners on the ceiling skirting boards of foam and polyurethane. When using it on wooden or plastic baguettes, there is a great chance of ruining the product.
Tools you’ll need to trim the baseboard
When cutting the ledge should take into account what material is used for the ceiling ledge. If the plinth is plastic, then you can’t do without a hacksaw for metal. Wooden skirting boards are cut with a fine wood saw. Well, if you need to paste foam or polyurethane baguettes for the ceiling, then a simple sharp knife will suffice, for this case is ideal gypsum board or a stationery knife.
In addition to cutting tools, you may also need such tools:
Please note! Use only tools that are in good working order. Cutting tool should be sharp, with frequent and fine teeth. This will not only achieve a perfectly even and smooth cut, but also protects against possible damage to the product.
What tools do you need??
The following tools may be useful for ceiling baseboard, depending on the chosen method of work:
- Wood saw. Suitable for use with wood skirting boards.
- Metal blade. Suitable for other types of skirting boards (plastic, foamed plastic, etc.). д.).
- Chisel. The tool is a groove, which has the shape of an inverted U, where at angles of 45° and 90° lines are marked for the kerf.
- An electric mitre saw. It can be used instead of a jigsaw, it helps to achieve a high accuracy of cuts.
- Electric jigsaw. Easy to operate, with which you can qualitatively and correctly cut the corner without burrs.
- A box cutter or a utility knife. Suitable for skirting boards made of foam, it is important that it has an excellent cutting blade, and therefore must be well sharpened.
How to make a square corner: Ways
It is most difficult to cut a corner so as to get a perfectly flat: the surface of the materials used is not easy to cut, in addition, it is necessary to observe a good docking, preferably without huge gaps. How to make an angle on the ceiling plinth? You can use several ways: with a jigsaw, without a jigsaw, with the use of decorative corners, as well as an alternative way.
How to cut a ceiling plinth without a mitre saw? You will need a well-sharpened pencil, a small piece of baseboard, a utility knife (for polystyrene or polyurethane) or a metal saw (for other materials), and a ruler.
It is necessary to put a skirting board to a corner and draw a trimmer line with a pencil along the outer edge, then put it to the other side of the corner and also mark. The result is a cross on the ceiling, the center of which will mark the place where the ceiling plinth strips should converge.
Position a section of the skirting board where you will glue it. Having set the end in the wall, transfer to it the necessary mark. You can cut the corners of ceiling skirting boards this way without a joiner.
How to cut a skirting board without a joiner
Suppose you urgently need to glue the ceiling plinth.
How to make a corner without a joiner? It is possible, although you have to spend more time. Proceed as follows.
- First cut both parts of the skirting board at right angles.
- Mark the position of the elements on the wall and apply a trimmer line to join them together. As a result you will see two lines that intersect. The point of their intersection is projected directly on the parts of the baseboard.
- The skirting board is placed against the ceiling and a trimmer line is drawn from one edge to the other.
- Finishing details are made with a stationery or construction knife.
- A virtual mortar is drawn on paper, with lines drawn at the right angles. Baseboard tacks attached to such a notch and performed the cut (while holding the blade of the knife vertically).
How to cut the corner of the ceiling plinth with Комментарии и мнения владельцев from a specialist will help to solve this problem.
Tip! Since the inner or outer corner is far from always perfectly shaped, the ceiling skirting will have noticeable gaps in the joints.
To make them less noticeable, plaster putty should be applied to the ends of the skirting boards before gluing them on. After the elements are joined the extra putty is removed with a rubber putty knife. All gaps will be filled and the joint will be less noticeable.
It is not easy to glue and properly dock the fillet with the pattern. What to do in such a case? Video will tell you the answer.
Attaching skirtings with decorative corners
If the walls are perfectly prepared, and the outer and inner corners are equal to 90°, it is possible to use special decorative elements to join the skirting boards. Advantages of this method:
- ease of installation: there is no need to “stuff up your hand”, improving the technique of trimming parts of the baseboard;
- saving time: to join the elements you just need to cut them at right angles and attach the decorative part.
The decorative parts themselves are designed for the docking of the skirting boards:
This method of connection is the only option in the case of installation of a plastic skirting board, which trimming can not be performed without slots.
Trimming a skirting board in a joiner. Trimming technology
- The right stripe is placed in the jig from left to right. The back part, which will be attached to the ceiling, lies on the bottom.
- The profile is pressed firmly to the tray and cut at an angle of 45º.
- From right to left another plank is placed and the same way is cut.
- Corners of cuts are docked in a place of fastening and adjusted with a knife (for foam plastic and plastic).
The standard room is rectangular with 90º corners. In fact, such perfect corners are quite rare and are only the dream of the installer. If you are lucky, the procedure of cutting the corner of the edge of the plinth is as described above, it is very easy to do it with a cutter.
When trimming, you need to remember which side the baseboard will be on. To create the perfect corner for wood surfaces or joints, you can use putty, but a good carpenter will never do this, but simply saw evenly.
Cutting an inside corner
What is needed to form an inside corner that is not equal to 90º
- It is necessary to make a preliminary marking on the floor with a pencil. On both sides we attach profiles one by one and mark their borders. This way a rhombus is formed in the corner. Its diagonal will be the cutting line.
- Apply the plank to the resulting figure and put a diagonal mark.
- Connect the mark and the corner of the skirting board. This angle will be the cutting line.
- The resulting side edge must be painted to match the color of the skirting board.
If the inner corner is cut with a small exaggeration, it will allow you to make the most accurate fit. Sometimes in plastic or plastic foam in the final stage of the joint is inserted plug and you get a nice, neat corner. In wooden products, the joints are simply neatly fitted, puttying is the destiny of the unskilled.
Selection of tools for cutting ceiling plinths
To cut the ceiling plinth correctly and accurately, you need to use the right tool for the cutting. It is chosen depending on the material from which the baseboards are made:
Styrofoam. Characterized by low strength and costs relatively inexpensive, and therefore foam models are becoming increasingly popular. Their strength does not particularly affect performance, because usually the ceiling plinth is not subjected to mechanical stress. For cutting a normal office knife is suitable.
It can be purchased in a construction store or make your own hands according to these instructions:
Three boards 5015 cm nailed long rib in the shape of a tripartite, rectangular box. Please note, there must be a 90 degree angle between the side planks and the cross plank.
To work with this homemade device was convenient and safe, the boards should be well sanded before stapling.
Technology of cutting ceiling plinths
For prompt and quality work it is necessary to choose a tool according to the material of the baseboard and choose a way of cutting. If you have a cross-beam, then there will be no special difficulties in the process. If it does not exist, then you can have two options: to cut by the template and measurements on the ceiling, or to make this tool yourself.
Peculiarities of cutting ceiling baseboards in the jigsaw
Work with this device should be extremely careful not to blunt the tool and not to leave jigsaws in unnecessary places. In the process, we adhere to the following instructions:
Fix the baguette in the chair the way you plan to place it on the wall. The side that will be pressed to the ceiling in the jigsaw must be adjacent to the sidewall.
When cutting and trimming products of foam and polyurethane remember that these materials crumble and squeeze, so tools must be sufficiently sharp, and a strong mechanical effect on them is undesirable.
The technique of cutting ceiling plinths on a template
This method can be used if your corners. flat, and you want to trim the baguette exactly 45 degrees. To do this, before you cut the ceiling plinth in the corners, you need to draw a jig on heavy paper. Draw two parallel lines and mark corners at the right degrees, using a protractor.
We place the fillet in this case in the same way as with a traditional jigsaw. Please note that you must keep the tool in a vertical position when cutting the skirting boards.
Rules of cutting ceiling plinths according to the markings
This method is used to cut the skirting boards in cases where there is no jigsaw, or parts from which it can be made.
To do this, you need to make a marking on the wall in this order:
Apply the baguette in the corner to the fixing point.
Performing the cutting in this way, it is important to accurately draw all lines and mark points. A mistake of even a few millimeters will cause a gap. This method is suitable for cutting and docking both inside and outside corners of the ceiling plinth.
The way of cutting the ceiling plinth without a chisel
To accurately dock in the inner corners of the skirting boards, you can do without a plier.
We put the end part of the baguette to a sheet of paper and trace the contour of the convex side. It is more convenient to use a small section of the baseboard (if available).
Ceiling baseboard. fillet
To do it correctly, it is important to strictly follow the existing recommendations and rules of finishing work. And then the result will please you.
There are no difficulties in fixing the fillet (as this element is called): practically all varieties of products are mounted on reliable glue.
In order to hang the ceiling plinth, even inexperienced repairmen have no difficulty. Worries them quite another thing: how to properly trim a ceiling plinth? Virtually every room, no matter how intricately shaped, is equipped with corners.
And here in these inner corners of the individual elements of the skirting board must be beautifully and evenly docked. And in rooms especially complex configuration will have to fiddle over the outer corners. Let’s try to figure out how to be in each of these situations, and how to cut the right part with the available tools.
Baseboard materials and cutting methods
First of all, let’s try to determine what the baseboard can be made of, and what is the best material to cut.
On sale today you can find products made of foam (polyvinyl chloride), wood, polystyrene foam and polyurethane.
Perhaps some of the cheapest are baseboards made of foam plastic, which is a fragile, soft and brittle material.
Even the fingers of the hand can leave dents on them, they are easy to form creases and defects. It is quite difficult to cut a nice and even corner of a PVC baseboard.
Inexperienced master a large amount of purchased material can go to waste for this very reason. Also this polymer has high electrostatic properties, which explains its ability to collect dust.
It is best to cut such a skirting board with a hacksaw or a sharp construction knife.
Products of expanded polystyrene are also inexpensive, although this material is more durable analog of traditional foam.
Handled with a sharp tool as well.
Extruded polystyrene foam
Skirting boards made of extruded polystyrene foam are a bit more expensive, they are a bit denser and more difficult to cut. But they are much less likely to crumble and break.
That is why it is more convenient and easier to cut them. It is convenient to use a hacksaw or a sharp knife for this purpose.
Polyurethane skirting boards for ceilings are currently one of the most expensive ones.
But they justify their cost: water-resistant, quite strong and thick, quite elastic.
Placed over a kitchen stove, the baseboard can warp and even crack a little.
They can be cut very well with a special knife, and do not form crumbs. But these products are very sensitive to temperature differences.
Wooden skirting boards for the ceiling are quite heavy and dense products, hard and durable.
They lend themselves well to machining with a special fine-toothed hacksaw. It is also possible to take advantage of a reliable blade on metal. So how to cut a ceiling plinth correctly?
Note that every craftsman has an opportunity not to pore over the precise cutting and fitting of corners.
You can purchase a prefabricated corner piece in a hardware store that can easily fit the prepared edges of a baseboard.
It is enough to measure the required length of the workpiece, and cut it at right angles.
All defects and imperfections will be covered by this special element. But it is not always possible to use such a convenient way, because the standard sizes of such factory corners can differ markedly from the size of the baseboard itself.
Such corners will stand out because of their disproportionality, and it will not look very neat. But if the design of the room and the size of the workpieces allow you to use this method, you should not neglect it.
Trimming the fillet
Cutting with a wire cutter
How to evenly trim the corner of the ceiling plinth with it?
The plier is an uncomplicated tool used by carpenters. With its help, you can cut any workpiece at the desired angle.
It is usually a wooden, metal or plastic tray, which are made to cut at an angle of 45 ° and 90 ° special vertical slots.
There are complicated designs, which in addition to the named corners also have a hole to make 60-degree cuts.
For professional applications, a special plier is available. Its swivel mechanism allows you to fix the cutting blade in relation to the workpiece at any given angle.
The prepared skirting board is applied to the ceiling, the required length is postponed.
Then this same slat is inserted into the jig precisely as it will be positioned on the ceiling. It should be pressed against the far wall of the fixture. Hold the skirting board in this position with the left hand.
The blade of the hacksaw should be in such a position, so that its angle is 45 degrees, and the handle is as close to the hand as possible. Trying to avoid exerting pressure on the saw, we carefully cut the workpiece.
Then the skirting board is cut off with a mating strip. It is also placed at the far wall of the tool, held and pressed, this time, with the right hand.
Similar to the previous procedure, the position of the hacksaw. its handle is close to the hand at an angle of 45 degrees. The skirting board is cut.
Then the finished, already cut planks are docked together. the accuracy of fit is checked. It is believed that for better orientation, when making an inner corner, it is better to start cutting from the front of the product. Places of cuts are usually necessary to further adjust the file.
It is correct to start with the inner corner first, and only after that go to the outer corner, so that the dimensions can be observed more accurately.
Otherwise, it may happen that there is not enough along the entire length of the slat.
The strip is held against the ceiling and a notation is made according to its size. Holding with the left hand, the ceiling plinth is pressed to the closest wall, the handle of the hacksaw is close to the hand. The workpiece is cut off.
The counter batten is pressed against the nearest wall with the right hand. The blade of the hacksaw should be at an angle of 45°, with the handle of the tool close to the hand of the craftsman. A piece of the workpiece is cut off, the corner is neatly docked.
This processing of the edge of the details with mash is good if the angle between the walls is flat and straight (90 °).
If its performance leaves much to be desired, it is worth using a different method.
Marking on the ceiling
The method with a marking on the ceiling allows you to cut the corner accurately and evenly. It has one disadvantage. it is rather inconvenient to hold the baseboard plank in the balance during the procedure.
Otherwise, using this method, you will be able to mark the angle for cutting even more accurately than other ways.
When the skirting board is applied to the intended place of installation, all dimensional deviations and inaccuracies are immediately visible and taken into account.
Cutting a corner
First take a pair of blanks, then trim them at right angles. Resting the end of the slat against a perpendicular wall, apply one slat. We draw a trimmer line on the ceiling along the contour of the baseboard. We remove the first slat, then the same way, resting against the wall end, add a counter slat. Exactly the same way we mark on the contour the line for the trimmer.
The intersection point of the two separate lines is the mark at which to cut the workpiece. Each plank is applied to the surface again, on both marks the point of the future cut. From the found point to the other edge of the baseboard slat draw a line for the trimmer. Baseboards are cut to the marks made earlier, neatly connect, and place in the place where they will be installed.
This method allows you to process inside corners more accurately.
Trimming a baseboard without a joiner
Agree, not everyone has a joiner’s tool in the economy, and to buy it only for the baseboard. not the most successful idea. But the corners should still be trimmed, because the neatness of the ceiling finish is at stake. What to do in this case?
In fact, it is quite possible to do without a chisel. There are even two ways to trim the corners of the baseboard without a special tool: by resorting to marking on the wall and using a drawn false chisel. Let’s start with the first one.
The work is carried out as follows. For the inside corner:
- Apply the plank to the ceiling, which will be installed to the right of the corner. Run a straight trimmer line across the ceiling along the outside edge of the baseboard.
- Place the skirting board on the opposite side of the corner and run the trimmer line on the ceiling as well.
- Mark the place where the two lines meet with a dagger. Hold the trimmer at the corner and transfer the mark to the corner piece, then extend the trimmer line carefully to the lower corner of the piece, this is the line you will trim the skirting board along.
- Use a hacksaw or office knife to cut the necessary corner.
- Place the plank to the right of the corner. Draw a trimmer line across the ceiling along the baseboard further from the corner.
- Place the baseboard to the left of the corner. Draw the trimmer line along the slat to the mark where it meets the first line.
- Mark two marks on the slat: the first is the intersection of the lines on the ceiling, the second is where the room corner passes. Connect the two marks. you will get a line for the trimmer trimming the baseboard. Now all that’s left is to cut the corner and, if necessary, to correct the gaps.
Corner trimming with a false chisel
The third method of trimming the corner of the baseboard is not quite usual. using a kind of false chisel. You can make such a “tool” in two ways.
The first way is to draw the jigsaw. You can use plain heavy paper or cardboard for this: draw two parallel lines on the sheet and, using a protractor or simple angle piece, mark off the corners with the required degree. A corner is cut in much the same way as in the case of the joinery cutter: put the skirting board against the “tool”, make the necessary marks and use them to make the cut.
The second way. to make a prototype of a crosscut out of three wooden planks: connect them in the form of an oblong letter “U” and perform notches in 45 and 90 degrees. To mark the corners you can use the same protractor.
A chisel made of wooden boards
Trimming the corners of the skirting board without a jigsaw, it is very important not to miscalculate with the length of the plank and directly to the degree of notch. To avoid mistakes, at first it is better to cut blanks 10 cm longer, then try on the dry to the ceiling, and after that adjust until you get the desired result. In addition, let’s not forget that not all bathrooms are not perfect angles of 90 degrees. without adjusting products still can not do.
Tip. Fix to the ceiling plinth trim only after you fit the corner of the next baseboard blank. It is better to try on the table, not under the ceiling itself, as it takes more time, but the cut lines will be neater.
Thus, we have several ways to trim ceiling plinth: with the help of a joiner’s chair, without a chair, using a kind of false chair. Whichever variant of performing the corners you choose, it is important to do everything in a precise and accurate manner. only then will you get a truly effective tool for the final design of the ceiling, thereby making the interior of your bathroom aesthetically complete.