How to cut a tree that is tilted to the other side

How to cut a tree. Practice

Our wood was standing on a slant. The angle of the trunk from the vertical was about 10 degrees. And all of its branches were also directed toward the slope. The instructions say to cut the tree on the side of the slope. And towards the main direction of the branches.

True, the same manual says that the fall point of the trunk should be directed away from anything that can get damaged in a fall. The tree was tilted toward the orchard, and we didn’t want it to break the apple trees when it fell.

The dry tree and orchard

You can see in the photo how small the four- to five-foot-tall apple trees are compared to the tree to be cut down. It’s on the right.

So we decided to make a pull to the opposite side from the orchard, so that the tree would fall against the slope, away from the orchard. You can also read the instructions on the Internet about pulling back.

We sawed, we sawed, we sawed Day 1

On the appointed “D” day, we took another look around our tree. After an hour and a half of exercises with throwing the rope on the tree, the husband finally threw it in the place that was outlined to fix the stretch.

We fixed a rope, stretched it with a tightening mechanism on a strap to fasten weights to a tree growing twenty meters away from the doomed dry one. Since it took a long time to throw the rope on the tree, we decided to start sawing the next day.

Day two

As it was supposed to be done according to the instructions, first of all the wedge was sawed on the side where the tree was going to fall, on the side opposite to the garden.

Here was the first hitch: the tree turned out to be an oak. This might have been the reason for its death in splendor: there is a bigger oak tree next to it, to the left in the photo. Maybe the older and bigger one “killed” the rival, they were growing too close?

So far, everything according to the instructions

All in all, a quite mature, though long dead oak tree turned out to be quite hard.

How to cut a tree correctly and bury it in the right direction

When pruning and felling the tree it is important to have escape routes ready in advance. Of course, a helper should control the fall of each cut branch with a tethered rope, but no one is immune to the fact that the branch will suddenly change its trajectory.

Cutting Down a Leaning Tree To Make It Fall In The Opposite Direction (How Not To) Ep 33

tree, tilted, other, side

Never work from a ladder. To secure yourself at height, wrap a second sling around the trunk twice and put your feet through the loops at the ends. Wear closed clothes, goggles and gloves only. Protect your head with a helmet or at least a hard hat. Apart from the chainsaw, make sure you have about 100 meters of strong rope for the guy’s back and have a light barbed hook handy in case the branches get too close together.

The main problem when felling trees is that you can’t anticipate exactly how the weight of the crown will be distributed. Accordingly, you can not accurately predict the trajectory of the fall, even if you do trim the trunk correctly. To make work easier, it is recommended to work in spring or late autumn, when crowns are sparse. The weather must be windless and dry, and the tree must not be slippery after a recent rain. First set up a stepladder and trim off any lower branches that are within reach. The stepladder should be set so that the trunk of the tree is between the stepladder and the branch to be cut. The most advantageous position, also when working without a ladder, is when you hold the chainsaw with both hands, as if embracing the trunk.

Always trim the crown in an upward sequence so that the cut branches fall freely and do not get tangled in the lower branches that have not yet been cut. The rope, which the helper can grab to help control the fall, must be tied 1-1,5 meters away from the trunk. Branches should be cut so that there are 30-40 cm long limbs on which you can easily sling or lean on. When the stepladder is not high enough, place the leg slings on the most convenient limb, or wrap them around the trunk at the correct height and then lean your feet into the loops. You should sit so that the place for sawing is at the level of your chest or a little bit lower. While hugging the tree with one hand, wrap a second sling (or better, a chain) around the tree twice for belt insurance, connect the loops with a carabiner and tighten the coupling on it. Your second best position is with your back to the trunk and with your feet on the branch to be cut, of course half a meter in front of you.

Before you start cutting, adjust the length and height of the slings for more comfort and make sure you have enough room to maneuver. After that you may lift the chainsaw from the ground by the rope attached to the handle, the binding point should be as far as possible from the controls of the tool.

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Some trees don’t need pruning, and some trees can’t be pruned in any other way. Especially if there are gas pipes or power lines near the crown. As we have said, the main purpose of pruning is to balance the tree, so it is not necessary to cut branches from the side where it is planned to carry out the felling. Equally important is the height of the tree. If you can’t clear an area of proper length under the tree, the trunk must be shortened. Naturally you have to cut all the lower tiers beforehand, and sometimes you even have to trim back the branches on the blockage side. What can you do? Sometimes the crown gets mixed up in very peculiar ways. When working in gardens and green spaces neighboring trees often get in the way. If it is not a dead tree, you do not want to touch it. It is much better to cut back branches one by one, starting with the furthest branch from the trunk that you can safely reach. Even if small branch fragments get stuck in their own or a neighbor’s crown, the helper can easily pull them down and away.

tree, tilted, other, side

You can only say unequivocally that you should start felling if The tree after being felled looks like it is going to fall exactly the way you want it to. The height of the tree is 30-50% less than the length of the cleared area, similarly with the width of the crown. There are other trees or stationary objects nearby, to which you can attach straps to guide the fallen trunk.

Now you can get to the easy part of the process and fell the cleaned trunk. It’s really simple, the main thing is to make the right notch. From the side you want to fell the tree into, make a 60° angle diagonal slash with a chain saw from top to bottom, around one-third of the trunk diameter, as shown in the diagram below. Then make a straight or 30° notch at the bottom, so that you end up with a wedge. The wood will fall in a direction perpendicular to the mowing line of the bend obtained after knocking out the wedge, so it is desirable to make the junction of both notches as even as possible.

From the back side step up from the plane of the lower notch by 2/3 of the trunk diameter or a little more. Sawing obliquely and downward, directing the notch toward the inside corner of the wedge-shaped notch. When you get close to the center, you will hear a characteristic crackle, and the tree will slowly begin to lurch. Take the saw out of the expanding notch immediately and move about five meters away from the tree. There is no need to tie any ropes and pull on them, the trunk will fall by itself. On the contrary, in the direction of the fall there should be no people at all. But do not forget that you still have to tie down the rope.

All that’s left to do is to clean up after themselves. In fact: don’t leave the felled tree and stump as is. First cut all remaining limbs and branches to the root. Make cross-cuts so that you can cut both divergent parts off with a single cut. Depending on which tree you felled and how you plan to use the wood, cut the trunk into pieces based on the available shipping method. The rest of the stump to be uprooted by hand is too tedious. Using a 16-20 mm wood drill, drill vertical holes so deep that they go 15-20 cm below the ground. You have to drill in a staggered pattern, at 5-7 cm intervals. Using a funnel and a ramrod, fill the holes with ammonium nitrate up to the top, cover the top with a piece of roofing felt. By next season, the stump will turn to chaff, and you can easily remove its remains.

How to properly cut down a tree on the property? At Nedvio’s website

If you have trees on your property, that’s fine. “Tree hedges can be a great decoration and a natural fence against prying eyes, creating just the right amount of shade in the garden.

But sometimes there are too many of these trees, they interfere with the sun’s penetration to the bushes growing in the garden, not allowing us to enjoy the rays of the sun. Roots of large trees prevent beds from growing, uprooting plantings. Often old trees just disfigure the landscape, not to mention the fact that the tree branches can grow in very awkward places. for example, near the house, disfiguring the roof or its facade finish.

One way or another, some trees have to be cut down, especially if they are large and bulky. Keep in mind that if the tree is growing on your property, then here you are the masters, but if such a tree has grown in the common area, then to cut down the need agreement and consent of the neighbors. Of course it’s worth soberly weighing up and evaluating to make a decision about disposing of the tree. But if it is accepted, then the question arises. how to get rid of the tree on the dacha?

How to cut down a tree with a chainsaw in the right direction

It’s no big deal, it takes five minutes to make a “corner” cut in the direction the tree should fall. About a third of the diameter, you can make several cuts to avoid jamming the saw. Then you saw a little higher on the opposite side. Considering the wind.

When I was fellin’ difficult trees, with a strong slant from the vertical, I used a winch to pull them in the opposite direction

My advice would be to hire people. But if you don’t want to, you have to clench your fist and hire me anyway. But if you don’t have any money at allе. at all, t.е. I can give you a good hint.

On the side where the tree should fall, cut or saw a wedge about 1/4 of the diameter. The wedge not less than 30 deg. Then on the opposite side saw higher by 5 cm strictly perpendicular to the direction of fall (desirable). Your helper should use a long pole to push the tree with all his might in the right direction. And everything will turn out. BUT. The method is not suitable for trees with internal rotting unpredictable direction of fall trees will fall where bent strongly branchy with large heavy side branches strongly asymmetric trees in the first 4 cases I recommend to take the ladder higher and sawing branches up to the apex. And it is possible to fell by parts, but it’s better to do it by specialists. At the 5th, wait it out.

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Quite often it is necessary to cut down a tree not only on your property without any buildings, but also near a private house. In this case, only the right technique will minimize the risk of damage to nearby structures or vegetation.

How to fell a tree in the right direction?

Any professional knows that felling large trees and young trees are completely different jobs. To fell a tree, you need to consider the nuances in both situations.

How to fell trees in the right direction?

A size equal to half the diameter of the tree is necessary. It can be done on the leaning side, or any other side you want to “put down” a massive tree;

Creation of the notch on the opposite side, followed by felling;

When encountering large trees, it is necessary to make an inclined top cut. It is mandatory to take into account the angle of cut. 60 degrees. When sawing the trunk part, 1/4 of the diameter is enough;

It is necessary to make the bottom cut of the undercut horizontally. The notch converges with the top cut. Thus, we will have a lateral log cabin;

Moving on to the second horizontal felling notch (it’s higher than the previous one). The felling is done strictly from the other side;

In the 2nd felling notch you insert the wedge. Once the sawing is complete, take a spade and fell the tree.

The best time for such work is between November and December. There is not much snow during these months, but the ground is already frozen. Hold the chainsaw firmly with both hands and don’t lean on the tree with your other hand!

How to fell a tree if there are houses nearby?

If you are a beginner, it is not advised to work on felling trees (especially large ones) near houses. There are many factors related to this particular tree felling.

The slope of the trunk cannot be less than 45 degrees;

The plant will have both a thin and tall trunk;

There may be rotten areas, cracks, and hollows that can be visually noticed.

If there are a lot of houses, utility lines, utilities next to the tree, we will have very little room to work (otherwise you could hit something). Therefore, under such circumstances, experts prefer to fell the tree in parts. That is, the element is sawn off, suspended, then lowered. Without special equipment and professionalism such work should not be done! The descent of the cut parts of the tree is carried out with the help of other trees located nearby. they are needed to tie the fragments of the tree.

What to do with the stump?

For its elimination, as a rule, rooting is used. This way you can get rid of the stump without “digging up” the soil and leave a level ground surface. To reduce the time and effort involved in felling trees, it is advisable to chop the roots. The procedure is performed at an angle and strictly in the direction of root growth. To quickly dig up the roots, use a shovel. But the visible part of the roots has to be stripped of the bark. It is advisable to knock down the soil, otherwise it will be difficult to work with an axe because it will get blunt.

Today it is extremely rare to use a classic saw, an axe to carry out such work. Because trees can be felled much faster with electric equipment. When deadlines are short it is worth calling in a specialist. Because the work can be done quickly and as effectively as possible only with special equipment and the ability to work with such equipment.

Safety Precautions

Sawing down trees, especially large ones, has its own risks. It is not possible to eliminate them completely, but it is possible to reduce them through knowledge of safety measures:

You will need special clothes, safety shoes, special gloves and a construction helmet;

Before working with tools, make sure that there are no breaks in them, that they will not shut down at the most inopportune moment;

Some equipment is not designed for continuous work without interruption;

The wind may change the trajectory of the trunk’s fall. Therefore, you should perform the work in calm weather conditions.

Make sure nothing prevents you from moving around the trunk. The working space should be cleaned, remove all unnecessary growth. In a gusty wind, it is not recommended to carry out the work.

Consideration of important circumstances

In order to cut the plant in the right direction, the following factors should be taken into account:

The place where the top will fall can be determined in a simple way. It is enough to take an axe in hands and move away from the thick trunk to the point where the length of the handle becomes visually equal to the plant.

How to cut a tree so that it falls in the right direction: instructions with photos and

In general, the cutting of old trees that have become unnecessary for various reasons (ceased to bear fruit, interfere with construction on the site, stopped their active development or simply represent a danger due to their age) is carried out in autumn.

And because trees can vary greatly in size, the challenges of felling a tree are also different. It is very difficult, for example, to remove trees that are in the vicinity of residential and farm buildings, plot fences (fences), power lines.

The question “How to cut a tree?” usually does not cause problems. But here’s how to do it, to accurately and accurately fell it in the right direction, so that when the fall of the trunk does not cause any devastating damage or avoid injury itself. the task is not easy.

How to correctly cut down a tree and pile it in the right direction

Gardening and landscaping does not do without the fall of old trees. If you don’t get the job done right there is a risk of structural damage or serious injury. Today we will tell you in detail how to correctly cut a tree and fell it in the right direction.

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Felling trees in the right direction

The technology of felling large and young trees has some differences, but there are general rules that must be taken into account during the work:

  • Make an incision half of the diameter with a chainsaw on the slanting side or the side in which the sawed plant should fall;
  • to make an incision on the opposite side and to cut down the tree;
  • When felling large trees, make an angled top cut at an angle of sixty degrees to the base of the fall side. Undercutting of the trunk part is performed at 20-25% of the diameter;
  • At the next stage make a horizontal lower cut of the undercut, converging with the upper cut, which will get a lateral log cabin;
  • Then the next horizontal cut is made higher than the first one, and always from the opposite side;
  • a wedge is inserted into the second notch, and after felling the tree must be felled with the help of the spade.

It’s better to work from November to mid-December, when there isn’t much snow, but the ground is frozen over. The chainsaw must be held with both hands when working.

What to do with the stump?

To remove it you generally use a grubbing machine. This way you can get rid of the stump without digging up the soil and leave a level ground surface. To save time and effort felling trees we recommend cutting the roots. The procedure is carried out at an angle and strictly in the direction of the growth of the root. To quickly dig up the roots, use a shovel. But it is necessary to remove the bark from the visible part of the roots. It is desirable to knock the soil, otherwise it will be difficult to work with the axe, because it will blunt.

Today it is extremely rare to use a classic saw, an axe to carry out such work. Because trees can be felled much faster with electric equipment. When deadlines are short it is worth asking for help from professionals. Since you can perform the work quickly and as effectively as possible only if you have special equipment and skills to work with such equipment.

How to cut the trunk, which side. scheme

To saw the trunk, you need to take the following steps:

  • From the top is made sawing the trunk about half.
  • The saw shuts off. why the chainsaw stalls), but is left in the tree. At this time, a wedge is hammered into the hole obtained at the first stage, which must be qualitatively tamped with an axe. This is to ensure that the saw does not warp from the weight of the two trunks, and is between them in a free position.
  • Saw the tree to its final position.

Sometimes the chainsaw bar remains in the trunk, especially this applies not just to massive, but also to hard wood. In this case, pulling it out makes no sense. You need to quickly shut off the motor, and then you should apply pressure to both sides of the trunk from the bottom of the cut, trying to pull the device out at the same time. This action will require the help of a partner.

How to properly fell trees with a chainsaw

It should be said that the technique of felling large and small trees is somewhat different.

In principle, this instruction is standard for all situations. Looking at this picture, you can easily cut down any tree, but there are always nuances, which we will talk about below

Since small trees are a bit easier to fell, let’s start with them.

    We make the cut with the chainsaw on the side of the tree that it’s leaning toward. If the tree is upright, then cut where you want it to go. The cut should be about 50% of the trunk diameter.

It’s quite easy to cut a small one. saw on the side where the tree is going to fall 2 and then saw from the other side until it falls down

Now for the sawing of the cut wood, there are nuances too. 1 not sawing from above is not the right way up, the saw would get caught; 2 so start sawing from below

Tip: Avoid touching the ground with the saw chain so it gets blunt too quickly.

Now let’s talk about large trees with a diameter of 50 centimeters or more. or more.

The trunk of a big tree should serve as a support. After choosing a direction for the fall, let’s start cutting:

    Make a 60-degree angle overhead cut to the base of the tree that is going to fall from the tree. The trunk must be trimmed to about 20-25% of its diameter, 30-40 cm. all the way down. Note the correct angle and position of the saw when sawing.

First, we make an angled top cut at about a 60-degree angle

Now make the horizontal cut, which must converge with the top cut

This is what we end up with by doing the previous two steps

Now make the felling notch slightly higher than the hinge, not making the horizontal cut all the way

There is another way: cut through the wood, then move the chainsaw in the opposite direction from the log to the left to the middle. That leaves you with a hollow area on the side. Then put the wedge at the end of the second notch and saw backwards.