How To DIY A Tiller Harrow

Disc harrow

The second type of disc harrow, application to dry soil. A disc harrow performs all the same functions as a rotary harrow, only it differs in design: it uses discs, each of them stands on a separate axis. But, unfortunately, this type of harrow breaks more often.

The classic tine harrow is used in places where an even and loose soil layer is required. The teeth are evenly spaced in the frame, their length ranges from 25 mm to 45 mm. The size of the teeth depends on the weight of the harrow, the more the weight, the larger the teeth. The disadvantages include the speed of the tiller’s efficiency, the power should be significantly high, and be at least 12-14 km / h.
If you are faced with a choice, a rotary harrow for a tiller is perfect for working in small areas.

What the harrow consists of?

Metal strips are welded to the bottom of the square pipe, at the ends of which teeth are bolted in two rows. These strips are placed at an angle of 30⁰ to each other, the stakes of the earth, which slip between the teeth of the first row (front), break against the teeth of the second row.

The drawbar ends in a welded sleeve, through which the harrow is fixed with a “finger” to the tiller. Lift height adjustable with a tine for the harrowing depth.

An adjusting screw for the angle of attack is welded to the drawbar next to it. it is he who allows you to adjust the structure so that the rear and front teeth fall into the same depth.

Types of harrows for tillers and tractors

First, consider a rotary harrow for a tiller, it removes the top layer of soil very well. Using a rotary harrow, after harvesting grain crops, they cultivate the land. It is also a good option for leveling the soil. Thanks to it, there is no need to mow the grass. The working depth is set based on what tasks are set. It usually fluctuates from 5 to 7 centimeters.

For a tractor, it does not matter at all what the harrow will be, here it is more important and valuable to take into account the dimensions required for tillage. If the field is several hundred hectares, the wider the harrow, the better.

A large harrow is made specifically for tillers, so making it yourself is not difficult. It is attached to the tiller on the hitch.

The farmers concluded: for good efficient work in the field, the harrow, or rather its blades, must have an oblique shape. The teeth should be located at an angle to the plane of the ground, this allows you to cut easily, and thereby leveling the soil.

Robot principle and tiller harrow design

The first harrow, which a man made with his own hands, looked like spruce logs tied together. They were made not very long so that there was an opportunity to maneuver in the fields, but the mass of the harrow was too great, which made it possible to break blocks of earth after plowing and retain natural moisture in the ground.

Today this unit is used both independently and with other types of devices such as seeders and cultivators. The harrow copes not only with earth boulders, but also covers the soil leaving moisture inside it. The technical characteristics of the harrow also allow it to collect dry plant residues and pull out weed roots.

This is a device that has passed centuries and has been modernized so much that when using it, a minimum of human effort is required. Harrows are of several types:

  • disk
  • rotary
  • dental

The technical characteristics of the harrow correspond to generally accepted standards and are calculated based on the mass per disc or tooth. Accordingly, based on this classification, there are heavy, medium and light harrows. And their use can be special or general.

DIY tiller harrow and proper tiller harrowing

In order to increase the yield in the field, they always plowed and harrowed the soil. Our ancestors did this, and modern agrarians do the same. But in order to do this work, horses were harnessed in the old days, and today the harrow is attached to tillers (for small farm plots, private summer cottages) or to a tractor (this is for large farms in large areas). Based on the foregoing, a do-it-yourself harrow for a tiller is an important tool for any summer resident, below we will take a closer look at the manufacturing process and how to do the correct harrowing with a tiller.

Features of using the harrow on the tiller

Sometimes the harrow becomes clogged during operation. It is very easy to clean it without even bending over. When lifting the tiller handle, we tear off the harrow from the soil surface, set it aside and with our feet discard all the debris that has accumulated on the teeth. Then we return the tool to its original place, lower it and continue moving.

DIY tiller harrow

Correct tiller harrowing

A good, well made rotary tiller harrow can be used as a cultivator. Everything that is done manually in the absence of equipment will be done quickly and efficiently, when you have a tiller and a harrow for it in your arsenal, then, having carried out the correct harrowing with a tiller, you will increase the yield of the planted crop, and significantly reduce the level of seed losses and ensure the delivery of fertilizers to the desired depth.

The tiller harrow helps to level the top layer of the soil, when fertilizers are poured onto the ground, its work ensures that they fall under the top layer of the earth by 5-7 cm in depth.

Advice: when working with the harrow using a tiller, do not exceed the speed of the mechanism more than 4 km / h.

Robot principle and tiller harrow design

The first harrow, which a man made with his own hands, looked like spruce logs tied together. They were made not very long so that there was an opportunity to maneuver in the fields, but the mass of the harrow was too great, which made it possible to break blocks of earth after plowing and retain natural moisture in the ground.

Today this unit is used both independently and with other types of devices such as seeders and cultivators. Harrow copes not only with earth blocks, but also covers the soil leaving moisture inside it. The technical characteristics of the harrow allow it to collect dry residues of plants and pull out weed roots.

This is a device that has passed centuries and has been modernized so much that when using it, a minimum of human effort is required. Harrows are of several types:

  • disk
  • rotary
  • dental

The technical characteristics of the harrow correspond to generally accepted standards and are calculated based on the mass that falls on one disc or tooth. Accordingly, based on this classification, there are heavy, medium and light harrows. And their use can be special or general.

Types of harrows for tillers and tractors

Firstly, let’s consider a rotary harrow for a tiller, it removes the top layer of soil very well. Using a rotary harrow after harvesting grain crops, they cultivate the land.

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It is also a good option for leveling the soil. Thanks to it, there is no need to mow the grass. The working depth is set based on what tasks are set.

Homemade Cultivator

It usually fluctuates from 5 to 7 centimeters.

For a tractor, it does not matter at all what the harrow will be, here it is more important and valuable to take into account the dimensions required for tillage. If the field is several hundred hectares in size, the wider the harrow, the better.

A large harrow is made specifically for tillers, so making it with your own hands is not difficult. It is attached to the tiller on the hitch.

The farmers concluded: for good efficient work in the field, the harrow, or rather its blades, must have an oblique shape. The teeth should be located at an angle to the plane of the ground, this allows you to cut easily, and thereby leveling the soil.

Types of equipment and their description

There are several types of inventory. The most common designs include:

  • Tooth harrow;
  • Rotary harrow;
  • Disc harrow.

Each of these types has found its application in different situations. Below we will consider the features of each type of harrow for a tiller.

Tooth harrow

Tiller tine harrows, like other similar mechanisms, are used for soil cultivation. A distinctive feature of such equipment is long teeth.

Tooth Harrow Features:

  • the length of the teeth varies, but the average is 10 cm;
  • equipment operating speed up to 12 km / h;
  • the treated soil layer has a uniform, homogeneous structure;
  • the zigzag arrangement of the tines allows plowing separate areas of the soil, and not the same places;
  • the harrow is suitable for processing relief surfaces;
  • distinguish between light, medium and heavy harrows. Heavy with a depth of up to 10 cm, zigzag type, is in the greatest demand. Medium with a working depth of about 6 cm is used on loose, light soils. Lightweight with a depth of 3 cm can only level the surface, remove the soil crust.

They destroy the top layer with a tooth harrow, loosen the soil, pull out the remaining roots and plants. Thus, weeds are destroyed, soil layers are mixed and the surface is leveled.

How to make a harrow for a tiller with your own hands

In order to increase the yield in the field, they have always plowed and harrowed the soil. Our ancestors did this, and modern agrarians do the same.

But in order to do this work, in the old days they harnessed horses, and today the harrow is attached to tillers (for small farm plots, private summer cottages) or to a tractor (this is for large farms in large areas).

Based on the foregoing, a do-it-yourself harrow for a tiller is an important tool for any summer resident, below we will take a closer look at the manufacturing process and how to do the correct harrowing with a tiller.

DIY tiller harrow

Tiller harrow

At the stage of preparation for the sowing campaign, various works are carried out: plowing, loosening, leveling, and weed control. For this, a harrow is needed that performs several different functions at once.

Tiller harrowing is performed using various harrows (disc, tooth, rotary type), each with its own distinctive properties.

The algorithm for making a homemade structure is as follows:

  • First you need to make a frame. for this, weld metal corners together;
  • After that, the hitch is made.

To do this, you can take used hinges from an old car and connect them to the frame;

  • Further along the perimeter and in the middle of the frame, metal teeth are welded.
  • At the end, the product can be painted so that it does not corrode.

    It will be especially necessary to paint the teeth, since they are in contact with wet soil.

    How to make a harrow for a tiller with your own hands

    The harrow is a tiller attachment that helps to better till the soil, which means it increases yields. Previously, the harrow was pulled by horses. Today the harrow is attached to a mini tractor or tiller. This is why the tiller is an essential technique for every farmer.

    Homemade tiller harrows

    It is much more pleasant if the harrow for the tiller is made by hand. So, today we will tell you how to make a harrow yourself.

    The following types of harrows are used for tillers:

    • rotary,
    • dental,
    • cutter.

    The rotary harrow effectively removes the topsoil. The working depth can be adjusted from 4 to 8 centimeters. The harrow width is a very important factor that affects the speed of cultivating the land in the garden. Obviously, the larger the harrow, the more power the tiller should be. Rotary harrows have drums with sharp metal strips (see video), which are installed at an angle. over, this harrow allows you to remove plant residues from the soil.

    Dacha with their own hands

    Dacha, which is associated with dacha and country houses. Country house construction site.

    Rotary harrow and milling cutter, video

    DIY harrow for a tiller: drawings

    Homemade construction drawing

    The disc harrow does the same job, only the design is different. Here, the working tool is discs that are mounted separately on special racks.
    The tine harrow has tines that are equally spaced on the same structure. Teeth are usually up to 30 centimeters long.

    So, before you make your own harrow, you need to decide on the design features, and also study the drawings.

    The harrow is very simple. This is a metal frame that has a tiller mount. To make repairs easy, the teeth do not need to be welded, but bolted.

    Disc harrow

    It is an active harrow. It is better to use this tool with cultivator type tillers. on traction ones you will have to design a power take-off shaft. Tillage is carried out by cutting through it with rotating discs.

    Discs can be straight, rotated at different angles with respect to the axis of rotation, or cup-shaped. Cups are more difficult to manufacture, but they allow you to wrap the seam. thereby taking on part of the plowing functions. Such discs are perfect for seeding green manure or shallow early plowing before weeds emerge when sowing potatoes or cereals early.

    You may be interested in a do-it-yourself potato digger for a tiller.

    The edge of the discs is usually made of an uneven shape so that they can more easily cut the soil during plowing, experience less resistance when rotating within the seam.

    Homemade tiller tooth harrow

    It is easiest to make with your own hands. For this, it will be enough to have materials, an angle grinder and a welding inverter. Allows you to perform pre-planting loosening of the soil and incorporation of small seeds. It is not an active harrow and is suitable for working with a traction tiller.

    Design

    Tiller harrow drawing

    The harrow is a grid to which the teeth are rigidly welded or bolted. In the front part it has a hitch. usually a hitch with holes, which is inserted into the towbar pipe of the tiller and then fixed with a pin. A chain must be welded between it and the hitch. without this the work will be very hard for the plowman.

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    The grill must be strong enough. It can be made of square or plumbing pipes and corners. The thickness of the metal must be at least 3-4 mm, otherwise the teeth welded to the thin-walled pipe will break out during operation together with the pipe metal.

    The lattice structure can be in the form of a cage, consisting of longitudinal and transverse elements. But a lattice is better suited, in which the “rods” are welded at an angle of 45 degrees to the direction of movement of the tiller. such a lattice will be less exposed to bending loads.

    The size of the cell is selected in accordance with the location of the teeth. It is best to estimate in advance how your teeth will be located, and sketch this in the drawing, and then draw a lattice on top of them, to which they are attached. The size of the frame itself should be such that it does not interfere with driving and following the tiller.

    The harrow frame must not extend beyond the tiller handles.

    In this case, the dimensions of the coupling must be taken into account. There is no need to make a grille too wide. the tiller simply will not pull more than 1 meter.

    The teeth are best made from corrugated reinforcing steel with a diameter of 10 to 18 mm. The length of each tooth is from 10 to 20 cm. The height of the tiller’s hitch does not affect the height of the tooth. the harrow is attached with a chain. The longer the tooth, the thicker it should be. It is advisable to sharpen the teeth before installation and be sure to harden, because non-hardened teeth will bend during operation. On light soils, you can use a harrow with not sharpened tines.

    The frequency of their location should be no less than every 10 cm. if done less often, harrowing will be ineffective. It is allowed to put teeth with a slight offset across the row, so that they can be conveniently welded and they provide the required processing intensity. At the same time, it is necessary to calculate that their resistance is directed symmetrically to the thrust axis, otherwise the tiller will “wag” and it will be impossible for them to harrow.

    Tooth harrow

    The tooth harrow is the oldest known to man. It consists of several rows of teeth that pass along the soil during processing, loosening and leveling it. They differ in the number of teeth. for a tiller, a wide one is most often used, in which the teeth are located in three to four rows and often.

    It is most rational to use it with traction type tillers, for example, Neva or MTZ. These tillers are capable of developing significant longitudinal force and have increased traction with the soil required for work.

    A subspecies of a toothed harrow is a spring harrow, which is often used when processing an agricultural plot with a tractor. When working with a tiller, springs instead of teeth will reduce their number and size, they also rarely break.

    tiller, harrow

    How to make a harrow for a tiller with your own hands according to a drawing: we illuminate all the nuances

    The first harrowing devices have appeared since the time when man first learned to work the land with a primitive wooden plow (plow). Harrows were also made of wood and were not very long for greater maneuverability, but heavy enough to crush large clods of earth formed after plowing.

    Homemade classic (tooth) tiller harrow

    For a long time, tractors have changed horses, and harrows have become more advanced and efficient, and can be installed not only on heavy and medium agricultural machinery, but also on mini-tractors and tillers. This type of equipment allows not only breaking up large clods and covering the soil to retain moisture, but also collecting the remains of dry vegetation, as well as removing its roots.

    There are the following types of harrows:

    • dental or classic;
    • rotary or rotary;
    • disk.

    Rotary harrow

    Such a harrow is somewhat reminiscent of both a cultivator and a disc harrow. Both it and the cultivator have rotating jagged parts that cut into the ground and turn over small parts of it. It differs from a cultivator in a shallow working depth and a large number of working teeth. Unlike the disc, the rotary harrow discs are always at right angles to the axis of rotation.

    The teeth of the active rotor have a special bend, depending on the radius of the disc itself and the coefficient of adhesion to the soil of the wheels of the tiller. the more slip, the more the tooth should be bent. When working, they pierce the soil at right angles, thereby ensuring its aeration. When exiting, such a tooth slightly pushes the soil, pulling out small weeds that did not have time to take deep roots.

    The work of an active rotary harrow is possible even after the emergence of plant shoots. it does not injure large plants and practically does not damage them. Its use allows you to save on mineral and organic fertilizers. due to aeration, substances are actively absorbed from the air. It also promotes root growth.

    Harrow types

    Harrows are subdivided into the following types:

    • Dental
    • Disk
    • Rotary

    Traditional harrow

    The classic, or as it is also called, horse harrow, is used to create an even and loose surface. Also, this type of attachment allows you to efficiently cover moisture in the soil and thereby prevent it from drying out. The harrow crushes large clods of soil to the required fraction, destroys weeds and removes vegetation residues from the soil. The equipment is quite light and therefore used for shallow soil cultivation, crushing clods of soil and shallow loosening before sowing.

    The factory-made tiller harrow is made of special structural steel that can withstand significant loads. Also, this equipment evens the soil well after milling.

    This type of harrowing equipment is a straight or zigzag frame that you can make with your own hands from a steel strip, a square pipe or angle, a tiller hitch stand and teeth. You can fasten the teeth to the frame by welding, or by cutting a thread on them, fix it with nuts. The working bodies on the frame are located at an even distance from each other, and their length can be 25-45 mm. Regarding the width of the equipment, for example, 500-600 mm will be enough for the Neva tiller. The video presented shows the tooth harrow in operation.

    You can also make a motor-block tooth harrow with your own hands and according to the drawing below. It takes half a day to make such attachments, but it’s worth it.

    Tiller tooth harrow diagram

    In order to make such equipment for a tiller we need the following:

    • weld iron strips to a square metal pipe, onto which, in fact, teeth with a thread cut on one side will be attached with the help of nuts;
    • the drawbar of our attachment ends with a welded bushing, through which, with the help of a metal pin, the connection with the used tiller will take place;
    • we make a stand with an adjusting screw for adjusting the lifting height of the harrowing device to ensure uniform penetration of the working bodies into the soil.
    READ  How To Assemble A Tiller Plow

    Purchased factory equipment, though homemade harrow, to tiller “Neva”, there is a feature of the accumulation of wet soil with residues of vegetation on the working organs, as a result of which the tillage may become ineffective. In order to easily and freely clean the teeth with a scraper or any metal object, we use the lifting lever of the unit.

    The video shows the simplest tiller tooth harrow with dimensions.

    Disc harrow

    The second type of disc harrow, application to dry soil. A disc harrow performs all the same functions as a rotary harrow, only it differs in design: it uses discs, each of them stands on a separate axis. But, unfortunately, this type of harrow breaks more often.

    The classic tine harrow is used in places where an even and loose soil layer is required. The teeth are evenly spaced in the frame, their length ranges from 25 mm to 45 mm. The size of the teeth depends on the weight of the harrow, the more the weight, the larger the teeth. The disadvantages include the speed of the tiller’s efficiency, the power should be significantly high, and be at least 12-14 km / h.
    If you are faced with a choice, a rotary harrow for a tiller is perfect for working in small areas.

    What the harrow consists of?

    Metal strips are welded to the bottom of the square pipe, at the ends of which teeth are bolted in two rows. These strips are placed at an angle of 30⁰ to each other, the stakes of the earth, which slip between the teeth of the first row (front), break against the teeth of the second row.

    The drawbar ends in a welded sleeve, through which the harrow is fixed with a “finger” to the tiller. Lift height adjustable with a tine for the harrowing depth.

    An adjusting screw for the angle of attack is welded to the drawbar next to it. it is he who allows you to adjust the structure so that the rear and front teeth fall into the same depth.

    How to make a harrow for a tiller with your own hands.

    In order to increase the yield in the field, they have always plowed and harrowed the soil. Our ancestors did this, and modern agrarians do the same. But in order to do this work, horses were harnessed in the old days, and today the harrow is attached to tillers (for small farm plots, private summer cottages) or to a tractor (this is for large farms in large areas). Based on the foregoing, a do-it-yourself harrow for a tiller is an important tool for any summer resident, below we will take a closer look at the manufacturing process and how to do the correct harrowing with a tiller.

    DIY tiller harrow

    Features of using the harrow on the tiller

    Sometimes the harrow becomes clogged during operation. It is very easy to clean it without even bending over. When lifting the tiller handle, we tear off the harrow from the soil surface, set it aside and with our feet discard all the debris that has accumulated on the teeth. Then we return the tool to its original place, lower it and continue moving.

    Types of harrows for tillers and tractors

    First, consider a rotary harrow for a tiller, it removes the top layer of soil very well. Using a rotary harrow, after harvesting grain crops, they cultivate the land. It is also a good option for leveling the soil. Thanks to it, there is no need to mow the grass. The working depth is set based on what tasks are set. It usually fluctuates from 5 to 7 centimeters.

    For a tractor, it does not matter at all what the harrow will be, here it is more important and valuable to take into account the dimensions required for tillage. If the field is several hundred hectares, the wider the harrow, the better.

    A large harrow is made specifically for tillers, so making it with your own hands is not difficult. It is attached to the tiller on the hitch.

    The farmers concluded: for good efficient work in the field, the harrow, or rather its blades, must have an oblique shape. The teeth should be located at an angle to the plane of the ground, this allows you to cut easily, and thereby leveling the soil.

    Robot principle and tiller harrow design

    The first harrow, which a man made with his own hands, looked like spruce logs tied together. They were made not very long so that there was an opportunity to maneuver in the fields, but the mass of the harrow was too great, which made it possible to break blocks of earth after plowing and retain natural moisture in the ground.

    Today this unit is used both independently and with other types of devices such as seeders and cultivators. The harrow copes not only with earth boulders, but also covers the soil leaving moisture inside it. The technical characteristics of the harrow also allow it to collect dry plant residues and pull out weed roots.

    This is a device that has passed centuries and has been modernized so much that when using it, a minimum of human effort is required. Harrows are of several types:

    • disk
    • rotary
    • dental

    The technical characteristics of the harrow correspond to generally accepted standards and are calculated based on the mass that falls on one disc or tooth. Accordingly, based on this classification, there are heavy, medium and light harrows. And their use can be special or general.

    Correct tiller harrowing

    A good, well made rotary tiller harrow can be used as a cultivator. Everything that is done manually in the absence of equipment will be done quickly and efficiently, when you have a tiller and a harrow for it in your arsenal, then, having carried out the correct harrowing with a tiller, you will increase the yield of the planted crop, and significantly reduce the level of seed losses and ensure the delivery of fertilizers to the desired depth.

    The tiller harrow helps to level the top layer of the soil, when fertilizers are poured onto the ground, its work ensures that they fall under the top layer of the earth by 5-7 cm in depth.