How To Insert A Nozzle Into A Drill
How to correctly insert and remove a drill into a hammer drill, screwdriver and drill
The popularity of the question of how to insert a drill into a hammer drill or an electric drill can be explained quite simply: such devices are actively used both in industrial and domestic conditions.
Cartridges are different, as well as nozzles fixed in them
An incorrectly installed drill can lead to a number of problem situations:
- Inability to work with a hammer drill or drill;
- Obtaining uneven holes with a broken inner surface;
- The drill will fly out, which can lead to serious injury.
Despite the fact that it is not so difficult to insert a drill into a hammer drill or drill, this issue should be approached responsibly.
Correct installation of the drill in the drill chuck
Before figuring out how to properly install the drill into the hammer drill, it is advisable to figure out how to insert the drill into the drill. The chuck is the element of its design, in which the drill shank is fixed. Most models of modern drills are equipped with cam-type chucks, consisting of:
- Cylindrical bodies;
- Rings or sleeves that rotate around the outer surface of the body;
- Cams installed in the inside of the housing.
Jaw Chuck Design
When the sleeve is rotated clockwise, the cams simultaneously approach each other, thereby reliably clamping the shank of the drill to be installed. Accordingly, the question of how to pull the drill out of the drill is not difficult to solve: it is enough to start rotating the sleeve counterclockwise. This will cause the jaws to open, making it easy to remove the drill from the drill. It should be borne in mind that before installing the drill, the jaws should be released with a margin, in which case the tool can be easily inserted.
The convenience of using cam-type chucks lies not only in the efficiency and high reliability of the tool installation, but also in the fact that drills of almost any diameter can be inserted into them. When using such chucks, there is usually no difficulty in changing the drill bit in the drill. A correctly inserted tool is held securely in these chucks and allows you to drill a precise hole.
If you begin to notice slipping of the teeth when tightening the chuck, replace the worn-out key with a new one
Jaw chucks are used in both industrial and household drilling tools. Clamping devices for household drills are available for two ranges of drill diameters: from 0.8 to 10 and from 1.5 to 13 mm.
In the first case, the sleeve is driven by a special key, on the tapered working part of which there are teeth. The key to activate the clamping mechanism must be inserted into the holes on the side of the chuck body and rotated. There may even be three such holes in some models. Accordingly, in order to loosen or clamp the cams, the key must be inserted into each of them and start rotating counterclockwise or along it.
After loosening the cams with a wrench, it is necessary to turn counterclockwise the chuck itself, which will increase the distance between the cams to the required value. The inserted tool is fixed in the reverse order: first, the chuck itself is clamped (when it is turned clockwise), and then the sockets are clamped with a key.
Removing and installing drills is much easier and faster when using the keyless chuck. In it, the sleeve is driven by hand rotation. To limit the retraction force of the cams, they are often equipped with locking elements.
Before inserting the drill, first make sure the drill is in working order and disconnect the power supply. Only then can you start installing the drill.
Varieties of keyless chucks
Installing the working tool on the hammer drill
As mentioned above, the hammer drill must be checked for operability before installing the drill. To perform this check, the working mode of the hammer drill is set to drilling without a knock. If, after pressing the start button of the device, you hear and feel that its engine runs smoothly and without jolts, then the hammer drill can be used for its intended purpose, having previously inserted a drill or drill into it.
To mount a drill with a cylindrical shank in a hammer drill, use an adapter with a jaw-type chuck
Before inserting the drill into the hammer drill, it is necessary to treat the shank of the working tool with a special grease that will protect it from corrosion. The very procedure for installing a drill into a hammer drill is as follows.
- The rotary hammer is installed with its back on the floor or other hard surface.
- The movable part of the clamping device is pulled back.
- The tool is inserted into the punch until it stops. In this case, the drill or drill, which must be inserted into the hammer drill, must be held vertically. If you neglect this requirement, you can face the fact that the tool will fly out or even break, and this can also lead to failure of the hammer drill itself.
Press until it clicks, then pull the drill, if it is not removed, everything is fine
Considering the fact that the chucks on modern rock drills differ in a fairly simple principle of operation, there are usually no questions about how to get the drill out of the hammer drill.
Having removed the used tool from the punch in order to replace it with another, it is advisable to immediately clean its shank from grease and construction dust. However, the drill shank you intend to insert must also be cleaned and pre-lubricated. The tool replaced in this way will not harm the clamping mechanism of the hammer drill and will last much longer.
Lubrication extends the life of both the drill itself and the rock drill
Using a perforator, you can not only get a drilled structural element, but also perform processing with a special chisel. You can also install a mixer as a working element of such a device.
DIYers often also have questions about how to insert a drill into a screwdriver or how to change a chuck on a hammer drill. It is quite simple to solve the first question, since the design of the screwdriver uses cartridges of the same design as on drills and hammer drills. But the question of how to properly replace a cartridge on a perforator should be approached competently: it is not easy to perform such a procedure without having certain knowledge and skills.
Some tips for using a drilling tool
In order not to be faced with the fact that a flying tool or concrete chips will harm your health, drilling work must be performed in compliance with all safety measures. Safety goggles, gloves, ear plugs or ear muffs should be used to ensure this safety. Naturally, all work must be performed in special clothing, in which there should be no hanging elements that can wind around the drill.
To prevent overheating of the electric tool used for drilling, it is necessary to regularly rest it. It is very important to insert the drill correctly (you need to do this until the tool stops).
Two ways to clamp the fine drill into the chuck if the jaws are slightly off the shank
If the drill gets stuck in the wall during drilling, then it should be removed without removing the tool from its surface. To do this, the drill must be removed from the punch and insert another, with which it is necessary to begin to destroy the wall around the drill stuck in it.
How to remove a drill from a drill?
If you need to change a drill that has become unusable, or due to a change in the nature of the work, you need to install another, then the process is even simpler than when setting the drill.
There is also step-by-step instructions for this case.
- Switch off and de-energize the electric drill.
- Depending on the chuck, use a wrench or turn the sleeve by hand, turning it counterclockwise, thereby loosening the chuck. Avoid touching the drill bit, as it may remain hot for a while after use.
- After removing the previous drill from the chuck, change it to another and continue working or put the tool away for storage.
If you cannot turn the cartridge the first time, you should not rush to the workshops, most often it is enough just to put more effort.
Keyless drill removal
Key chucks have a definite advantage. The fixation of the drill is very powerful, but there is also a drawback. It is necessary to have a key at hand. If the key is not in place, this deficiency is fairly easy to make up for. You will need to find an object that can fix the cartridge on one side. This can be a nail, Phillips screwdriver, screw, hexagon of a suitable size. To the second half, you need to make an effort with your hands and try to unwind. This way it is possible to pull out the drill without a key. But if you can’t handle it with your hands, you can use a vice or a large gas wrench of a suitable size.
In situations where the drill is used only for narrowly targeted purposes and from time to time, users tend to send it for repair at the first problems that arise. However, in most cases, it is enough to be able to bypass the non-standard situations that have arisen. To fix minor problems, you need to know how to change the drill, whether it can be done without a key and how to act in the event that it is stuck.
Subtleties of operation
Electric drills began to appear at the end of the 19th century almost immediately after the invention of electric motors. The main task of the introduced percussion tool was the drilling of various holes in materials using electricity and drills rotating at high speed.
It is already clear from the description: in order to use such a tool, you need to follow certain safety rules.
- Before starting work, it is imperative to inspect: a drill, so that there are no open electronic (live) parts; the wire going to the network so that it is not damaged; a plug so that it is solid and working; the outlet so that it is functional and fits snugly in the wall. In this case, the plug must be firmly inserted into the outlet and there must be no sparks.
- Insert the drill into the drill as tightly as possible.
- Select the required mode: drilling (twisting the drill at high speed) or drilling (drilling using a hammer mechanism).
- Select the maximum speed of the drill.
- After making a hole of the required diameter and length, press the off button, and then remove the plug from the socket so as not to accidentally start the tool when not required.
It is worth noting that there are functional drills that recognize the diameter of the drill, have stops for fixing the required drilling depth, have handles for greater fixation of the tool in the hand, and automatically change the drilling speed. Such functional drills require additional settings so that the automation does not fail at the most inopportune moment.
The drills are selected in accordance with the requirements for the work being carried out. But it must be remembered that they are different, and some drills do not fit a particular drill.
Here the main role is played by the tool holder, which is:
The first option assumes that the user has a special key with which to loosen the cartridge. To do this, you need to use the hole on the drill and turn the key counterclockwise or turn it clockwise, and thus clamp it. Often this key is attached to the drill, which reduces the likelihood of losing it and allows you to remove the key from the mount and use it at any time.
The second option is something different because the quick-release can be:
If you use a single-sleeve chuck, you only need one hand to clamp, and the second option is a little more complicated: you have to clamp one sleeve, and with the other hand, turn the other sleeve. Both options save time, but retention is much worse than using a key chuck.
How to insert a drill into a drill?
This operation is simple and quick, however some rules must be followed. Step-by-step instructions will keep you safe while setting the drill into the drill.
- Disconnect the instrument from the mains.
- Then choose a suitable drill, taking into account the nature of the work, the material in which the hole will be made and the compatibility of the drill with the drill.
- Place the drill into the chuck with the shank inward.
- Then you should fix the cartridge, taking into account its appearance. If it is key, then fix it with a special key with teeth, if it is quick-clamping, then fix it with your hands.
- After the drill is locked in place, make sure that it does not wobble in the chuck and that there is no play.
- Then you can get to work.
It should be noted that the choice of drills depends on your electric drill. There are various models with a variety of technical equipment and capabilities. Some drills cannot, for example, be used for metal work. Others. Allow the installation of drills with a diameter of 0.8 to 10 mm or 1.5 to 13 mm. It is not recommended to buy cheap drills made of low-quality metal, it is better to overpay, but make sure that the tool works properly and for a long time.
To carry out this procedure, you first need to get the old drill according to the scheme described above, and then put a new one. Electric drills with keyless chucks often have problems due to the fact that the drill is firmly seated and it is impossible to unscrew the coupling. In this case, you can use a piece of cloth, which will give more grip with the clutch, and try to unscrew. If this method did not help, then you need to firmly fix the drill with your hand and hit the chuck tangentially towards unwinding with the palm of your other hand, continuing to fix the tool.
Tips for working with a drill. Screwdriver
Before starting work, make sure that all parts of the tool are in good condition;
After a long break in operation, the battery is still discharged, in this case, it should be recharged;
It is necessary to make sure that an electric cable does not pass through the drilling sites and that water and gas pipes are not laid;
When operating the tool, it is necessary to avoid frequent braking of the electric motor, this can damage the battery;
Take care to check the polarity when connecting to the charger;
The first battery charge can take up to 12 hours;
Avoid getting moisture on the tool body;
A screwdriver is a tool designed to tighten fasteners. If you have drills and special attachments, it can also be used to perform some other operations.
Instrument care instructions
The screwdriver needs minimal maintenance. For the tool to work properly, you need to adhere to the recommendations specified by the manufacturer, do not use it for tasks that are not indicated in the data sheet, do not overload too often. Periodically, the inside of the chuck and rotating parts should be lubricated with machine oil.
Store the instrument in a dry place, away from heat, moisture and sunlight. After each use, wipe the case with a clean, dry cloth to remove construction dust from it. If drops of mortar have fallen on the screwdriver, you can clean it with a well-wrung out soapy cloth.
If you follow the rules of operation, do not use the tool for tasks that exceed its capabilities, you can significantly simplify the repair and construction work. In order for the screwdriver to work for a long time and not fail at the wrong time, you need to take care of it in a timely manner, monitor the condition of the parts and recharge it before use.
An indispensable power tool in everyday life with a self-explanatory name, the screwdriver is actively used in construction work. The most common procedure with such a device is to replace the drill. Sometimes it seems that this process is very difficult and practically impossible. However, in fact, replacing a drill in a screwdriver will not be difficult, the main thing is to follow the instructions step by step and pay attention to the details.
To work effectively with a screwdriver, you need to set the correct torque. When working with soft materials (drywall), switch it to the minimum mode, when drilling or screwing fasteners into hard surfaces. To the maximum. Before changing the mode, you need to turn off the device and wait until the engine stops completely.
To prevent dust from flying into your eyes when drilling into the ceiling, you can put a plastic or paper cup on the drill. All dirt will collect in it, and it will be easier to control the progress of work.
How to work in twist mode?
Before starting work, you need to prepare the tool. If it is running on battery power, you need to put it on charge.
The next step is setting the bit. To choose the right nozzle, you need to take into account the size of the fastener head and the type of slot. Bits differ in type and diameter:
- Splined. Most commonly used. Designed for tightening countersunk head screws with a slot for a flat screwdriver, screws. Tip width varies.
- Cross. With their help, self-tapping screws, countersunk head screws are twisted and unscrewed. The tip has 4 radial diagonal ribs.
- Hexagonal. It is used for fasteners, the head of which has hexagonal recesses. Screws and screws of this type are used in the assembly of furniture and appliances.
- For bolts and nuts. A nozzle with a tip with a hexagonal recess inside. With it, the tool is used as a wrench, screws, screws, bolts are tightened.
There are other attachments, but they are less commonly used. How to change or even remove a bat? Having determined which bit is needed, insert it into the cartridge. The installation method depends on the type of cartridge. In a quick-release nozzle, insert it as follows: twist the chuck counterclockwise until the distance between the cams increases. Push the end of the nozzle between them, turn the cartridge clockwise so that the cams close and securely fix the part.
In a screwdriver equipped with a turnkey chuck, the process of changing the nozzle is more complicated. First, a key is inserted into a special hole on the device, rotated counterclockwise to loosen the clamp. Insert the bat, fix it by turning the key clockwise.
The next step is to test the functionality of the tool. If the screwdriver is powered from the mains, connect it to an outlet. Press the start button, check if the bit scrolls. The rotation speed is adjusted using the same button, weakening or increasing the pressure. Insert the tip of the bit into the recess on the head of the fastener, press the start button.
If you need to unscrew the self-tapping screw or screw, switch the reverse button.
Device and purpose
The screwdriver is used for various construction and repair work, but its main function is to quickly screw in and tighten fasteners: self-tapping screws, screws, bolts, screws.
It helps you tackle a lot of tasks in significantly less time than using a screwdriver.
Budget screwdrivers of low and medium power are used in the assembly, installation and dismantling of furniture, equipment, the construction of frame structures (partitions, walls, suspended ceilings) and other objects. Powerful hammering tool handles hole drilling.
In addition to the standard operations listed in the instructions for the screwdriver, it can be used for other tasks. With the help of a mixer nozzle, they are kneaded with thin solutions. Through a special adapter, connect the device to an ice drill to quickly make holes.
Most screwdrivers are made of plastic, which reduces the overall weight of the tool. Inside the case are located:
- Engine. Depending on the type of device, it can be electric or pneumatic. The former are powered by a network or accumulator, the latter are powered by a compressed air tank or compressor.
- Reducer. Gear mechanism that transmits rotary motion from the motor to the spindle.
- Regulator clutch. Connected to the gearbox, it is used to adjust the screwing depth and torque.
- Starting capacitor. He starts the engine.
- Chuck. Bits, drills, socket heads are inserted into it. The most common quick-clamping three- or four-jaw.
- Power supply (battery) and / or power cord.
On the case there is a control panel with a power button, a speed switch. To work in the unscrewing mode, reverse is used. Additionally, the screwdriver can be illuminated, a fuse.
Can I drill?
It is possible to use a tool instead of a drill only if such a possibility is indicated in the technical passport of the device.
However, soft materials such as drywall can be drilled even with a low-power screwdriver.
To do this, instead of a bit, you need to insert a drill into the chuck to work with gypsum board.
To remove the drill or other bits, you need to unscrew the chuck by hand or wrench. You also need to move the sleeve to the appropriate position, usually this mode shows the drill icon. The attachment is placed at right angles to the marked surface. It is not recommended to deviate. This will complicate the drill stroke, increase the diameter of the hole being made.
To drill a concrete or brick wall, tiles, you will need a tool with a high rotation speed (from 1200 rpm) and a large torque. Impact screwdrivers do the job more efficiently and faster.