How to Make a Chainsman From a Chainsaw
Modern technology has long transformed even such a traditional sphere as agriculture. It is time for gardeners to radically change their attitude to the use of equipment in the utility area. And perhaps the most valuable device can be a home-made hiller.
Usually, when growing potatoes, they spud it with choppers. But this method is not productive enough, and sometimes very tedious. Far not everyone can process a large personal plot or a large field manually. Therefore, an earthenware potato really helps the owners. It is only necessary to choose the right kind of mechanism.
The simplest hand hoes can not only spud the earth (as their name implies), but also loosen it. With proper skill, impeccable tillage is guaranteed. Ready-made tools are relatively inexpensive. The modified okuchnik is hooked to the tractor.
Of course, this is already a more productive device used in large farms.
The components of the product are:
- A pair of stamped wheels;
- Mounted hitch;
- Steel frame;
- Iron paws.
Hookers can also be used in conjunction with tillers. There is no need for any special device for this. It is only necessary to attach a normal hilling machine. But, one way or another, people do not want to overpay for what they can do with their own hands. Let’s try to figure it out.
The manual hiller works according to an apparently primitive scheme. However, this has little effect on efficiency. One of the farmers presses the pull handle located on the front, and the other presses on the same handle on the back. As a result, the mechanism is set in motion, and the working discs are immersed in the ground. When moving, the soil layer loosens, then, putting or removing several special parts, change the distance separating the disks.
Self-made hilling device is available to all farmers. Only basic knowledge in the field of mechanics and the experience of the daily operation of agricultural machinery is enough. DIY equipment is much cheaper than factory analogues. There is no need to talk about satisfaction with one’s own skill.
However, we must remember that safety and operational efficiency are only in your hands, everything should be thought out to the smallest detail.
Okuchnik is made of such components:
- A sheet of steel 0.2 cm thick. For the blade;
- Lanyard. Connection of a rack with a front link;
- Rack. Is made of a pipe for water supply with a section of 1 inch and a length of 1 m;
- 1/3 inch tube. Used on rods.
Lanyard is sometimes replaced with a simple steel plate. But in this case, you will have to drill holes in it to help adjust the slope of the hiller. For work you will need:
- Devices capable of bending pipes;
- Gas burner (or blowtorch);
- Welding machine;
- Angle grinder.
Finding finished drawings is much easier than compiling them yourself. But you still have to carefully study these materials, because the slightest mistake can result in serious losses. Hillers, mounted on a tiller, are fixed using brackets. A stopper, bolts and flat washers are used to connect the mechanism leash to these brackets. The stopper is inserted into a square pipe, and then carefully attached to its wall.
Regardless of size, the hiller should be multifunctional. And this means that it needs to be regulated. Changing the height helps the telescopic device. Inside the pipe, located in the middle of the hiller, a smaller pipe is inserted, which reaches the rear link.
Such a solution will allow you to easily manage parameters of the hiller.
The mechanism itself is equipped with a movable bed. Its mobility is secured by a hinge and lanyard securing the front link to the main strut. If a steel plate is supplied instead of the last part, it must be secured in position with bolts. Important: even a normal hiller cannot be made without welding. Racks, dumps and rear rods are welded to each other, and then the front link comes in.
The rear link is made 0.5 m wide and the handle width is 0.2 m. 0.3 m long pipes are welded onto the center of the fork. The free end is brought into the traction cavity. To make the stand adjustable in height, the holes on its upper edge, as well as the vertical plug, are drilled. The width of the front and rear rods must match exactly, the largest permissible deviation is 0.01 m.
In the manufacture of the hiller, a twin plow is also needed. For him, they take plates with a thickness of 0.2 cm. The plates will have to be bent in a semicircle. Halves made are welded to the rack.
It is extremely important: the seam at the junction of the parts should be as aligned as possible, and the plates themselves should be polished with an angle grinder.
Cutting knives are made of carbon steel. Outwardly, such knives resemble arrowheads. A prerequisite is careful sharpening. It is carried out strictly at an angle of 45 degrees. This approach allows you to keep the sharpness of the metal as long as possible.
The sharpened knife is welded to the rack from the bottom and additionally ground. Disks are prepared from 2 steel plates. Having cut out these plates, it is necessary to make semicircles of them. Of course, after welding the discs to the rack, you need to align the seam as much as possible. Any part that will be welded is sanded in advance.
Often, the hills are made from the Friendship chainsaw. But before using it, you need to make a choice between two types of mechanisms. The disk options just described will help to plow the soil before planting or after harvesting. They are also able to plow the soil separating the beds.
Important: the rotation angles of the hills should be exactly the same, otherwise the device will constantly “lead” during operation.
Plowers are also considered a fairly effective solution. Their advantage is quick work. In most cases, an impromptu plow is mounted, attached to a tiller or even to a tractor. But in the summer cottage and subsidiary plots, disk-type mechanisms are most often used. They are significantly lighter and allow you to farm the land as evenly as possible.
It is worth considering that even before fixing the disks, they must be cleaned around the perimeter. Sometimes instead of discs, covers are used. They are simply bent so as to make one edge concave and the other convex, there is nothing complicated in this work. The rest of the manipulations for assembling the hiller from a gasoline saw are already described earlier. According to a similar scheme, you can make it from the Ural chainsaw.
We should also say about the mount for hedgehogs. These parts are designed to loosen the ground and remove weeds from it. Unlike a plane cutter, hedgehogs not only cut off unnecessary plants under the root, but also completely tear out the root itself. The appearance and design features of the hedgehogs most often do not depend on whether they are placed on a tiller or on a manual hiller. To make these parts, use 3 rings, differing in size.
Discs are welded using jumpers. The ends of the rings are equipped with metal spikes. You should get a cone, welded to the pipe containing the axis. Conical hedgehogs are invariably placed in pairs, connecting with steel brackets at an angle of 45 degrees. When the fixture rotates, the spikes will capture the soil.
Conical hedgehogs are poorly suited for hand-hosers. With their use, the complexity of the work grows. The problem can be solved through simplified products. They have an even shape, just on a piece of pipe 0.25 m long and 0.15-0.2 m thick, spikes are welded. The resulting hedgehogs are held by a shaft and a pair of bearings on the bracket, and the handle is also fixed on the bracket.
You can simplify the work by purchasing factory wheels. They are most often formed from sprockets with 5 or 6 spikes, mounted on the shaft with the bearing. The spikes of industrial manufacture are no longer than 0.06 m. The sprockets should be at a distance of about 0.04 m from each other.
But you need to understand that homemade hedgehogs are not only cheaper, they are also better adapted to a specific garden.
Some craftsmen make disks from a gas cylinder with a wall thickness of 0.4 cm. Usually, the container is cut exactly in the middle in height. You can use air cylinders. But before work, they must be steamed to avoid unpleasant consequences. In addition, it is not forbidden to use ordinary spikes and disks for an electric winch converted into a spud.
To make such an electric apparatus, a motor with a power of 1.5 kW or more is used. But it’s better to focus on a power of at least 2 kW. The shaft speed should be 1,500 turns per minute. Lack of power leads either to a drop in speed or to a forced limitation on the depth of tillage. Putting very heavy motors more powerful than 2.5 kW is impractical because they are inconvenient and consume a lot of current.
You can learn more about how to make a disk hiller with your own hands.