How to make a cultivator for weeding grass yourself. How to assemble a design

Cultivator for a walk.behind tractor: how to make a home.made pollen and assemble a loot, disk. with your own hands. instructions and drawings

You need a cultivator if you want to get rid of hard mechanical work on your land plot. Simplicity of use, versatility, compactness and low price. thanks to these advantages, the cultivator has become indispensable in a small private economy or in the country.

With the help of a cultivator, you can easily and quickly process a small plot of land, process places (alpine slides, land near the fence and others). Cultivators are widely represented in garden technology stores.

The cultivator can be made independently from simple materials.

Types of cultivators

Consider the types of cultivators. The main parameters that need to be paid attention to is the weight of the mechanism and its power.

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Heavy mechanisms weigh up to 60 kg, and power reaches 6 liters.With. Such cultivators are equipped with their own engine, or attached to the walk.behind tractor.

In more detail about the work of a heavy cultivator, see


Medium mechanisms are the most common type in private economy. Their weight is 45-60 kg, power from 4 to 6 liters.With. The soil is processed to a depth of 25-28 cm.


Light mechanisms. differ in reduced weight (up to 40 kg). They cultivate the Earth to a smaller depth. up to 18 cm.

Average and light mechanisms can be assembled with your own hands using minimal technical knowledge.

What is the tool

Hand cultivators are most common, the weight of which is no more than 20 kilograms, they are compact and have high performance.

Using this device, you can not only loosen the ground, but also remove weeds, but also make fertilizers. The tool is also useful in the process of leaving after planting plants, with their help you can perform the following actions:

Of course, such a manual tool, of course, is not compared in case of possible with a walk.behind tractor, but to complete the tasks it is quite suitable for. And it can also be used even in areas.

Cultivators are equipped with milling cutters, thanks to which their movement is carried out in the site, it is they who carry out loosening. In addition, he can have such work nozzles:

  • paws for thinning and loosening of the soil;
  • sock for cutting and loosening;
  • Higher for cutting grooves for the purpose of subsequent sowing. Then it will help in the process of hilling of plants;
  • The disk is needle, it is needed if the soil is covered with a large crust;
  • The knives are feeding, they are equipped with dispensers so that fertilizers can be injected into the soil.

Classification of cultivators

There are several varieties of such a device, but in order to choose one or another option, you should know about each of them more.

For example, the design of a rotational looser includes four moving disk, one rotating knife of a stalk and brackets. In addition, it is equipped with wheels and a long handle. Using this device, you can perform the following actions:

The tool is driven by pressing the handle and knot of stars, then it turns on.

Another type of device is a mini-model. It is specially designed for use in the garden or small greenhouses. With its help, the soil is processed around trees and shrubs, weeds are also quickly removed and holes for seedlings and small garden crops are dug up.

The gasoline cultivator is equipped with an engine that is needed for the work of cultivating mills. Their working depth is 150 mm, often they are used to lay new landscapes. You can still quickly plow heavy soils and remove weeds with root.

The manual cultivator-pusher looks like small rakes and is equipped with 3-5 curved teeth with sharp ends.

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If you have a little effort, then they can loosen the ground and break the crust on it. Когда зубья входят в почву, то прибор тянется на себя, чтобы получились борозды. Tool options on long handles are used in the garden, and on short. in flower beds and indoor plants.

Corneumer. Tornado looser has pointed teeth having a versatile direction. First, the device is placed vertically in relation to the ground, then they turn 60 degrees and deepened into the soil, and then open once again clockwise. Then the device lifts up, the roots will be removed with it.

The depth of processing using Tornado is 20 cm, respectively, only weeds are removed, and the planted crops do not suffer.

Electric tools are intended to work in small areas, they are compact and have good maneuverability, respectively, they can be used next to the bushes and trees and huddled them.

Make sure that the cord has a length sufficient for free soil processing. Such a cultivator is environmentally friendly and can be used in greenhouses.

Operating procedure

Expert opinion Levin Dmitry Konstantinovich

A great basis for a small manual cultivator can be an old bicycle. The minimum that can be used is a front wheel fork. Some craftsmen skillfully cut the old, but strong bike so that the rear wheel rides on the ground, instead of a pedals block, a mini-pleugs or flat spacing is welded, and the abandoned and fixed steering wheel closes in their hands, walking behind the cultivator.

Manual cultivator: main types

There are 2 main types of cultivators:

Disk cultivators and looser are represented by a wide list of produced models. They can have removable details, differ in physical parameters and performance.


The basis of this device is a shaft on which a certain shape of the disks with teeth in the form of stars is placed on a certain shape. Manual star cultivator is suitable for loosening. The more disks-stars, the more a wide soil strip can cover the mechanism in one pass. Ease of use is created by a long handle. A rotational cultivator is set in motion by making physical efforts. In this case, the working discs are placed between the processed rows. The shape of the stars allows the device to loosen the soil well. There is a lifting and turning the earth, during which weeds are also cut off.

Despite the need to apply efforts, the cultivator allows, in comparison with the operation of the shovel, it is faster and easier to process the site. The disadvantages of the rotary cultivator include the difficulty of its use on heavy clay soil.


Outwardly the tool is a long handle with several curved teeth at one end. Using a handle in the shape of an arc, it is necessary to put the teeth in the soil from a scale and perform the teeth. With the help of a looser, it is convenient to prepare a site for an upcoming landing. Such a manual cultivator for weeding weeds does not require a significant physical effort and muscle tension.


Hand cultivators for soil processing in a dacha of this type are curved teeth directed in different directions on the rod. In the process of loosening, the teeth enter the soil by 0.2 m and cut the roots of weeds.

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It is not difficult to use the root. The tool should be located at right angles to the surface of the soil. By pressing on the handles, teeth are immersed in the soil. The next step is to turn the handle with an effort clockwise. Since the use of the root of the cornea requires the application of physical efforts, for people with weak physical data, it will not work.

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The device is designed to facilitate digging potatoes tubers. Visually, a potato.cutter is similar to a cornea, but has a different shape of the teeth. Its use allows you to reduce the load on the spine during digging and avoid the likelihood of damage to the tubers themselves. Potato.captage consists of a handle and working teeth in the lower part. A separately located cultivator pin stuck into the ground and turn the hilt so that the main teeth enter the soil.

How to make a plane cutter

Many are looking for a cultivator for weeding weeds. Such a rinker can be done on your own. A profile pipe made of metal or steel is used as the basis for the frame. This basis must be made from 2 parts. You need to weld at an angle of 30 degrees. A fork for a wheel made of a steel pipe or plate 3 millimeters thick is welded to the frame. The wheel itself can be made independently and buy. The steering wheel must be made of 2 steel pipes fixed on the frame.

The horizontal part of the frame is an adapter for the cutting nozzle. Then you need to mount a knife, which is made from a steel tape 2-3 millimeters thick. Then the knives are hidden. The angle of sharpening can be changed or adjustable knives. If the farm has an old bicycle, then all spare parts can be taken from it. Due to the large diameter of the bicycle wheel, the move becomes very easy when working. The knife is made in the form of an inverted letter “P”, or T-shaped. It should be noted that a T-shaped knife must be used very carefully between the rows, since there is a chance to spoil the crop.

A special subspecies of a plane cutter is a design with forks. Such a device has several knives that are fixed on a fork. It is made of steel rods, and they, in turn, are curved in a special way.

For such an apparatus, you also need to make handmade knives with your own hands. Drawings of these devices are found in various thematic forums and blogs.

The design has a rather easy move. A fragile girl and a small child can work with a similar device. Loosening occurs at the highest level, but the roots of weeds are practically not cut off. To do this, you need to choose what is more important: high.quality loosening or removing pests from the soil.

Manual plow

Although such a device is called a plow, the direct purpose of this is rewriting. It has no classic plow properties. Even two people will not be enough to work with a similar tool. It is more a classic cultivator. The device resembles a flat cutter, but an additionally installed traction handle is installed.

For such a design, one person is taken in front, who plays the role of traction force. And the second, the operator, controls the process of cultivation of the Earth. Without a second pilot, it is impossible to use such a device.

It is important to note that for soil plowing, such a tool is not suitable for two reasons. The first is that the normal plow turns the layers of the soil, and the device only loosens it. In addition, only one human power is not enough for normal plowing of the Earth.

Manual plow

Although such a device is called a plow, the direct purpose of this is rewriting. It has no classic plow properties. Even two people will not be enough to work with a similar tool. It is more a classic cultivator. The device resembles a flat cutter, but an additionally installed traction handle is installed.

For such a design, one person is taken in front, who plays the role of traction force. And the second, the operator, controls the process of cultivation of the Earth. Without a second pilot, it is impossible to use such a device.


It is important to note that for soil plowing, such a tool is not suitable for two reasons. The first is that the normal plow turns the layers of the soil, and the device only loosens it. In addition, only one human power is not enough for normal plowing of the Earth.

Rotary, or starry

Make such a device is not a difficult task. For the manufacture of the structure, you need 5-7 stars that will perform the function of knives, string on the axis. These knives can be both straight and bent to the sides. After cultivating the soil, it is recommended to go between the rows and the plane cutter with a similar tool. The combination of two models is also possible, when the stars go first in the design, and then the flat cutter is used for the final stage. So you can significantly save the strength and energy of the working. Since the stars perform the function of the wheels in the design, the additional axis is not needed.

It is quite difficult to work with such a tool, so only a physically prepared person can cope with it. In such a garden design, you can install a wheel of the same diameter instead of the stars. In this case, you get a good right perch.

How to make a hand cultivator with your own hands

It is quite simple to make a hand cultivator with your own hands. you will not need a lot of time, nor specific skills, or rarely accessible mechanical components. The pluses of the home.made structure are mass: during operation there will be no need for fuel or electricity, since it is brought into the work by physical strength, and if it breaks (which happens extremely rarely). the repair will not be difficult. Materials required for home production of a hand cultivator will probably be found in every workshop or even garage (when assembling you will need a welding machine and, mainly, steel elements), but the garden will always be well.groomed with an effort with a minimum of effort.

According to the features of acting, there are three types of cultivator:

  • gasoline;
  • electric;
  • driven by physical strength (it is the cultivator of this type that is easiest to make with your own hands).

Depending on the functions and features of the design, there are rotary cultivators, looser and even miniature hand cultivators for indoor plants.

Star/rotational cultivator

This unit has the following design: discs are put on the metal shaft (therefore it is also called a disc cultivator) star.shaped shape, which, when scrolling, stick into the ground. The consequence is the loosening of the soil and uprooting harmful weeds (that is, performs a double function). The sphere of operation of the rotational cultivator is extensive. it can be useful in processing lawns or flower beds, potato beds or a basal zone of young trees.


A classic example of a chatting cultivator is a “tornado”. The device is amazingly simple: the working part in the form of spiral, pointed teeth is attached to the cuttings with a long perpendicular manual. The design is brought into the work by turning the handle, thanks to which the teeth stick into the ground and extracted, it is loosened. The cultivator even lends itself to the soil tamped or overgrown with weeds. Unlike a star cultivator, it is used mainly to process small problem areas. Compared to other designs of this type, it is easiest to make a hand.made soil chipper.


As a cornea, both a tornado type cultivator and a hedgehog cultivator can be used. The working part of the hedgehog is represented by steel rods rotating when moving on the axis. This part is attached to the cuttings (with attached perpendicular manual or without it). Like Tornado, the hedgehog is used not only to extract the roots of weeds, but also for the inter.row loosening, which is accompanied by the compact dimensions of the working part.


The domestic agricultural welfare market offers a lot of structurally different potato traps (mainly vibrational, working as a walk.behind tract). A special niche is occupied by hand.made potato.soldiers used for moderately spacious areas. The work is carried out thanks to two axes with teeth (one of which is motionless and serves to establish support, and the other turns into incomplete tubers when pressed). Such a simple design can be made independently from the forks.

For indoor plants

The cultivator for indoor plants is a small trident with pointed curved teeth. This device can be easily made independently using a solid wire. The pen can be made from decorative materials or decorated for every taste.

How to make a homemade manual cultivator

Absolutely everyone can make a “homemade”: for this you do not need special skills or tools. However, each design has its own features that need to be taken into account when assembling.

Flat cutter

For the manufacture of a plane cutter, you will need a professional tube (preferably with a square section), a steel tape (0.3 cm thick), a wheel (finished bicycle or specially made). The assembly scheme is as follows:

  • We make a fork from a steel tape, attach a wheel to the fork;
  • We make a V-shaped frame from the professional pipe (welding angle-300);
  • weld the fork and on top. the handle to the frame. For the convenience of making a design in motion between the handles (in the upper part), a jumper is welded.

A knife is attached to the wheel, made from the tip of a bilateral saw or steel tape (3-4 mm). The angle of inclination of the knife can be varying if you put it on the adjusting screw. Plants are especially popular, the base of which is made of a bicycle fork or frame.


A manual cultivator of the Tornado type is an elementary unit for execution, which is equipped from a handle perpendicular to it cuttings and the working part. By type and principle of action, it resembles a large corkscrew: screws into the soil and reliably extracts weeds with the root system. You can make such a simple device in two ways: using a steel tape or from old forks.

Tornado from a steel tape is made according to the following instructions:


  • We take a metal pipe, with the diameter of the corresponding cuttings, which will be inserted into it;
  • segments of a springy steel tape (length up to half a meter, thickness. 0.15 cm, width up to 2 cm) give the shape of a spiral from a pair of turns, the ends of the turns must be focused;
  • With the help of welding, we fasten the spiral to the pipe.

It is also advisable to make a stalk with a metal one to easily weld the handle (about 0.5 m long), or take durable plastic into consumption.

“Tornado” from the forks is even easier: the help of the hammer should be given to teeth a spiral shape. Simplifying the work heating of metal welding. The stalk will be made in the same way.

Production of a star cultivator

For this design, the necessary (depending on the desired width of the working part) is the number of identical knives in the form of stars. You can assemble the cultivator according to the following scheme:

  • knives with an interval of 5-7 cm are welded to the axis;
  • The axis is attached to the metal fork so that its free rotation is possible (in the spurs of the fork you need to drill holes into which the rod with already worn knives is inserted, the rod from both ends bend);
  • The fork is attached to the pipe to which the stalk will be attached.

The diameter of the stars can vary depending on the intensity of weeding or loosening, as well as the type of soil. The modification is considered the most effective, to which a plane cutter is attached from behind with knives (acute steel tape is bended into the triangle and attached to the pipe). If you use even disks instead of stars, there will be a cupboard.

Cultivator from a bicycle

An unnecessary bike is the best basis for performing a hand cultivator with your own hands. There are two options differing in complexity: using a bicycle fork with a wheel or on the basis of a frame.

To complete the first option, you will need:

  • a bicycle fork with an uninhabited wheel (it is best to use a children’s bicycle, since the cultivator with a large wheel is not so comfortable in operation);
  • plane cutter (you can apply the cutting part of the two.handed saw or use the finished head of the cultivator);
  • handle (preferably use metal).

Two handles must be attached to a bicycle fork with a wheel. Between the handles is attached (welding or bolts) cross. A false cultivator head or plane cutter made from the tip of the saw of saws is welded to the cross.

For the second option (base. bicycle frame), you will need a bicycle frame with the rear wheel. The assembly instructions are as follows:

This option has advantages: firstly, it is more reliable, and secondly, you can use any hitch if you fix it on the bolts.

A homemade manual cultivator will become an indispensable assistant in any agricultural activity. Knowing how to make a home.made cultivator, you can significantly save (of course, if it is not about processed soil hectares) both on fuel and repair. You can show imagination and in every possible way modify the design or initially perform “for yourself”. with convenient slopes of handles, the necessary hinges, suitable size. Limits to improve the structure.

Features of the manufacture of a cultivator with a moped motor

There are many options for alteration of gasoline equipment for a motor.cultivator, or vice versa, manufacturing a snowmobile from agricultural machinery. Below, consider how the alteration of a motor.based moped is performed.

The unit is based on the D8 engine. Around the cylinder you will need to attack a tin vessel for pouring water. thus, a peculiar cooling system will turn out. Water must be periodically changed in order to prevent the cylinder heating above 100 ° C.

The converted unit should be equipped with a chain gearbox using a bicycle star. The lower part of the gearbox will perform a power function, so the output shaft will need to be strengthened with metal bushings, securely fixed in the gearbox.

How to make a manual cultivator for processing a row

To process narrow places between the rows, first of all, the cultivator must be compact. For such work, a manual device called “hedgehog” is well suited. Having all the necessary details, it is easy to make it yourself. For the assembly of the “hedgehog” you will need: the bracket of the P-forms with holes, shaft, stalk and wheels with metal spikes.

  • So that the one.axic tractor easily moves around the site, you need good wheels. To do this, take a medium.sized steel pancakes and weld metal spikes to them. The spikes are easy to make, you need to sharpen the fittings in the shape of a cone.
  • Ready cutters put on the axis.
  • The axis is inserted into the bracket and fixed on both sides.
  • The mount is welded to the end of the bracket and the stalk is inserted.

The technique is collected and ready for cultivation and weeding between rows.

From a trimmer for grass

A made cultivator from a trimmer for grass with your own hands will help to quickly and easily and easily and easily. You can assemble it from improvised materials: a working gasoline trimmer for grass, corner grinding or welding, garden forks, steel tubes.

Option #3: disk rotary cultivator

DIY DIY Rotor Cultivator is completely difficult. We need special skills and good physical training. If all of these qualities are available in stock, you can try to build this tool that will be much more effective than all previous. With its help, you can not only cultivate, but also harrowing the earth, deftly breaking large clods.

As part of a disc rotor cultivator: 1. disk, 2. axis. 3. sleeve, 4. large brackets, 5. small bracket, 6. rod, 7. pipe, 8. handle

The working bodies of this cultivator are convex discs that should be welded to the bushings worn on the axis. The axial ends are fixed with chlobs that are fixed in a large bracket. After that, a hole is cut in the upper part of this bracket. Handles with a crossbar are fixed in it. A rod 25 cm long and 24 mm with a diameter of 24 mm to a small bracket. A rod of 16 mm diameter is screwed into it. Part of the rod protrudes above the crossbar.

The desired spherical shape of the 4 mm disk is not so easy to give with a thickness. To do this, you need to be able to deftly manage with a hammer. A strong and accurate blow to the center of the disk converts it into a bowl. This work will need the main physical efforts. Special barashika nuts located on the crossbar regulate the angle of inclination of the spherical discs regarding the direction of movement of the cultivator itself.

Option #4: Production meat grinder to help us

All of the above inventory is quite simple. But in the conditions of your own workshop, a home.made electric cultivator can also be made. This proves once again that the capabilities of home masters are almost limitless. To implement this idea, you will need an old production meat grinder. On its basis, an effective electric assistant gardener will be built.

An electric cultivator can be made on the basis of a meat grinder of production purposes: you get a fairly powerful unit that will last several years

Everything is not as difficult as it seems, if there is a welding machine and a master who can use it as intended. Two corners should be attached to the gearbox card. Pipes with a bend that will be used as handles are welded to the corners. Between the resulting handles, another segment of the pipe is welded. a spacer, which gives the design the desired strength.

The axis for the wheels of the cultivator will have to weld to the corners. The wheels are selected medium size so that they are comfortable in work and do not fall into the soil.

The main detail of the design is the shaft. To pull it out of ordinary scrap. The connection is carried out like the original: in the slot. The nozzle of the meat grinder is glued with a sledgehammer, after which there remains a sleeve with thick walls of cast iron. A workpiece.shaped blanket is placed in it, to which soil.shaped soil.shaped in the shape of a screw. They are cut out of car springs. Other options for the material for soil.spaces were also used, but they turned out to be non.viable.

Soil.spaces are located at an angle of 120 degrees. They need to be screwed in the course of rotation, then it will be easier for them to enter the ground, and the cultivator itself will be easier to control. The engine engine is connected according to the “triangle” circuit, starting. capacitor. The engine switch for ease of work is installed on the cultivator handle. The device will last a long time if before starting work, grease the mating of a home.made shaft in a cast.iron sleeve with any exposed oil.

Consider well what the primrose should be and how they should be located: the efficiency of the device and its durability depend on this

The quality of cultivation of the Earth depends on the speed of moving such a cultivator. Fast plowing will be rough, and with slow. the earth can be literally redesigned to a state of dust.