How to make a hitch on an adapter to a power tiller

Homemade adapters for power tillers with their own hands

The adapter’s simple model is a metal frame. It is made from a rectangular tube 1.7 m long.

A 0.5-meter-long tube is welded perpendicularly to one end of the tube and serves as a base for fastening the legs under the adapter’s wheels. The height of the stands themselves from the axis of the wheel to the top point is 0.3 meters.

To make the construction you can use the wheels taken from a garden cart. They can be mounted on bushings, which are quite simple to make on an ordinary lathe. The bearings of the appropriate size are put on the ready-made sleeves.

Making an adapter for the power tiller with your own hands

After that, you need to attach struts to the central tube and wheel bushings of the adapter by welding. The length of the products depends on the angle of their inclination in relation to the structure. The square adapter frame can also be made in any size. In our case it is a frame of 0,4×0,4 m.

Making an adapter for a power tiller with your own hands

At the moment, there are several varieties of adapters, as a rule, their designs are similar and represent a device with a comfortable seat attached to the back of the power tiller.

The adapter is made of a square metal profile, which length is 160 to 180 cm. Across this profile, welded another one, measuring 50-60 cm, depending on what track you need, (it is attached to the rack for the wheels). The height of the struts to the wheel axis from the top to the wheel axis of the adapter can be from 25 to 40 cm, depending on the design.

Then struts are welded to the main metal profile and the wheel bushings, they also serve as stiffeners. Their length depends on the angle of inclination relative to the entire structure and other parameters. Then, we calculate and weld the frame design, to which will be attached the attachment. The side guides of this design are bolted to the wheel stanchions.

After that the control lever is welded to the main frame, which has three knees, with dimensions of 35, 55, 20 cm. To increase the applied force, one more arm is attached to the lever, but already the size of 80 cm.

The seat of the adapter is fixed on the support welded to the central metal profile. As you can see, it is not so difficult to make an adapter to the power tiller with your own hands.

Purpose of the adapter

Here, I think everything is clear, there is a fairly large amount of work on the ground, which is easier, faster and more convenient to do with an adapter. And when working with such an attachment as a tiller, it’s even safer.

The scheme of the construction of the adapter to the power tiller

Adapter for power tiller, is a kind of trailer device made on the frame and has two wheels. Structurally, adapters are divided into several types, in simple terms, they can be simple and more complex. Basic types are universal adapters: those that can carry loads and do the ground treatment and those that can only do the ground treatment.

For power tillers of different power, different adapters are used, on a low-power one, an adapter with a short drawbar is installed, on a powerful one, with a long. As the universal adapters are equipped with additional functions, increasing the track, lifting attachments, etc.д.

Varieties of adapters for motor vehicles

Single axle tractor adapters are divided according to how they are attached.

Rear adapter for power tiller. Coupling is located at the front of the unit, so after connecting the adapter will be located at the back of the machine;

By area of use, there are the following adapters:

  • Shortened. Small size, which are operated with a lightweight motoblock type. The low weight allows you to attach the adapter directly to the wheel of the machine;
  • Extended. They can cope with heavy agricultural machinery. They are characterized by considerable size and relatively heavy weight.

Depending on the availability of the body, there are the following designs:

  • Body. The available body allows transportation of various loads over long distances. They are actively used for daily tasks and harvesting;
  • Bodyless. They are used only for connection with a power tiller.

Choosing an adapter, you need to pay attention to the design features of the device. It must fully meet the needs of the owner

About the device

By design, the 4×4 adapter for the Neva power tiller is a fairly simple device. It consists of several basic components:

  • Frame construction, on which the other components of the device are installed;
  • driver’s seat;
  • Wheelbase, as well as the wheel axle;
  • connection mechanism of adapter and power tiller.

To put it simply, the adapter is a usual cart with a seat, which is attached to the power tiller. Moto-blocks can be, such as Caiman, Patriot, Texas, Pro Arab, Crosser, VIKING, Loplosh (Loplosh video) and others. Once the adapter and the power tiller are connected, it can be compared in functionality with a mini-tractor, but such a comparison is a little conditional, because the power remains the same, t.е. From the engine of the power tiller.

In addition, additional attachments can be attached to the adapter, which further expands the potential list of works.

Some adapters are equipped with special compartments where you can place any load. There are models equipped with a lifting arm, which greatly simplifies the work with the device.

As a rule, there are two couplings in the adapter. one allows you to attach it to a power tiller, and the second is used to aggregate additional attachments. In particular, it is possible to attach a seeder, ridgers, plow, harrow and other devices to the adapter.

The wheel pair of the axle in the adapter is quite solidly constructed, allowing the use of a single-axle tractor on the most difficult terrain, as well as for transporting quite weighty cargo.

It is also important to understand that driving such a unit on public roads is prohibited, so they are used exclusively in rural areas. However, despite some structural similarity of all adapters among themselves, they also have some differences

In particular, rear adapters with steering, front adapters and all-wheel-drive units are available

However, despite some design similarity of all adapters to each other, they have some differences. Specifically, rear steerable adapters, front adapters, and four-wheel drive units are available.

For more information about the adapter for the Neva power tiller, see

Varieties of adapters for power tillers

Externally, the adapter looks like a two-wheeled trailer with a seat for the driver. When installing such a trailer, almost all the work performed is automated. The single-axle tractor itself becomes practically a mini-tractor. In addition, several models have a special lever that allows you to raise and lower the seat, making the work even more comfortable.

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Adapters for power tillers can be of several types. To make the unit yourself, you need to decide which type will be more convenient and comfortable for the owner. Depending on the type of coupling, they come with steering and movable articulation. Depending on how the main power unit is located, there are two types: front and rear adapters.

You can also read about how to make a trailer for a power tiller by yourself.

Adapter with steering

This type is on a rigid articulation with a power tiller. The steering is represented by a separate unit, and both rear and front wheels are available. The single-axle tractor becomes practically a self-propelled machine that is quite simple and easy to operate, not much different from motorcycles or cars.

Adapter with movable joint

With a movable articulation, the angle relative to the vertical axis between the adapter and the motoblock changes. It is much easier to make such a trailer, but it requires more effort when turning. However, this type of adapter is inferior in geometry: the turning radius, as well as its angle is much larger.

Front and rear adapters

The name itself defines the meaning of the species: front. it is in front of the motoblock, rear. behind. It is impossible to determine which one is better, because it all depends on individual preferences, as well as the purpose of using the power tiller.

For loosening and digging up the plot the front adapter will be more convenient, because here you mainly need the power of your power tiller, and you don’t need to see the plot. But for hoeing beds, etc.п., the rear adapter will be more comfortable, because you need to watch closely what is going on.

It is recommended to make the adapter as close to the driving axle as possible, because the weight of the driver will give additional weight to the single-axle tractor, pressing it even more tightly to the ground. Then the wheels won’t slip.

Adapter for power tiller with your own hands drawings and dimensions

Below you will find drawings and dimensions, as well as the materials necessary to manufacture an adapter for a power tiller of a complex design.

What you need for making an adapter

Below you can see the kinetic scheme, which will help to balance the construction and avoid additional loads. The drawing below shows the scheme of a mini tractor, made from a power tiller Neva.

The power unit motor (2) driving the front wheels (1) transmits the torque through the chain (3) to the reverse gear (4), and from it through the cardan gear (5) to the rear axle (6), driving the rear drive wheels (7).

Additional drawings of a simple adapter

Below is a drawing of one of the simplest adapters in terms of construction.

To the frame, made of 5050 mm square profiled tube and 2 mm thick, are welded:

Adapter for power tiller with his own hands drawings and dimensions

Below, the drawings and dimensions, as well as the materials necessary for the manufacture of an adapter to the power tiller.

What you will need when making an adapter

Below, there is a kinetic diagram, which will help to ensure the equilibrium of the structure, and avoid additional load. The drawing below shows the scheme of a mini tractor, made from a Neva motoblock.

The power unit engine (2), which drives the front wheels (1), transfers the torque through the chain (3) to the reverse gear (4), and from it through a cardan gear (5) to the rear axle (6), which drives the rear drive wheels (7).

drawings of a simple adapter

Below is a drawing of one of the simplest adapters.

To the frame, made of square sectioned tube of 5050 mm and 2 mm thick, welded:

What kinds of adapters to a power tiller are possible??

Externally the construction of the adapter is a small frame with two wheels, foot platform, drawbar and seat for the operator. Equipping a single-axle tractor with such “updates”, you actually turn it into a mini-tractor. to work will become many times more convenient, faster and easier, and the ability to adjust the seat will make the work process more comfortable. There are several varieties of adapters on a single-axle tractor. In order to buy or to make the most suitable for you one by yourself you should get acquainted with all kinds of this equipment.

By type of coupling adapters are divided into adapters with steering and movable joint. Depending on location. in front adapters and rear adapters.

Also, adapters can be classified separately depending on the purpose of use: with elongated drawbar for large power tractors and with shortened drawbar for small lightweight machines.

Adapter with steering control

This kind of adapter makes your power tiller into a real handy transport. The adapter is in close contact with the power tiller, connected to it securely. Wheels can be on the rear or the front of the structure.

Adapter with movable joint

This type of adapter has its own undeniable advantages. it is easier to make, you can easily adjust the angle of inclination relative to the tiller. Of disadvantages. it is a little harder to control, when maneuvering, the turning radius increases, you need to apply more effort.

Front and rear adaptor

Classification depends on where it is attached. The choice of this type of adaptor depends entirely on the individual preferences of the implement operator and the work to be performed. For ploughing and cultivation, for example, the front adapter is more suitable, since during these operations it is not necessary to constantly monitor the attachment. But during the dip of seedbeds, the rear adapter will be more appropriate, which allows to comfortably follow the work process.

Variety

Classify adapters with steering control can be based on the type of arrangement of the wheels. Steering gear is designed as a separate unit. The wheels, which perform the steering option, can be located in the front and rear. As for the position of the steering drive, it depends on the specific design and spare parts, because in the process of operation can not avoid repair and replacement of worn parts.

Models, in which the adapter is located in the front, are called varieties with front steering. In such modifications, the engine is a kind of a hauler for the whole unit. If the adapter is on the back and the tiller has to pull it, it is called a trailing tool. In other words if the adapter is in front of the tiller it is of the front type, and if it is behind the tiller it is of the rear type.

The choice of one or the other variant the buyer himself, based on his own preferences.

For example, the front version is more suitable for loosening and plowing cultivated soil. Here, in addition to the power of the motorized equipment, there is no need for an overview of the site. But if you want to hoe your crop, the rear version is better suited.

But you can also have a closer look at the version with the adapter in the front of the driving axle. The weight of the operator in this case will create an additional load, not allowing the tiller to jump out of the ground during the operation of machinery.

According to the type, they can be classified into body and non-body ones. The first ones are intended for transportation of cargo, the second ones are more suitable for soil cultivation. Depending on the power of the machine, the adapters are docked to the power tiller with a long or short drawbar. The first modifications are used on heavy equipment, the second ones are used on light equipment.

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single axle tractor with steering

With this type of design, the power pack will be behind the driver and rigidly attached to the front adapter. Consequently, the coefficient of traction of the driving wheels with the soil will increase. This, in turn, will increase traction, which will make it possible to work with any attachments. For such experiments, the lightweight single-axle tractor “Salyut” with a mass of about 75 kg and a power of 6.5 liters is the best choice. с. In this case you will need a steering column with a gearbox. But it is for this case, if you dare to make a single-axle tractor with front steering. This procedure is much more complicated and laborious than a simple articulation, but the result will be enjoyable. you’ll get a single-axle tractor with a steering wheel and a seat, and all the necessary levers will be at your fingertips.

Not only the steering wheel and gearbox are needed, but also steering rods with coulters. Gas, clutch and brake pedals, located under the feet, will be necessary. They are connected to the regular controls with homemade rods or steel cables.

On the right side of the seat is installed a lever for raising or lowering the attachment, as well as the handle of the parking brake. On the front wheels they put fenders with headlights. And the mini-machine finally gets the finished look of a power tiller with a front adapter.

It should be noted that this adapter has a good technical characteristics that allow you to fully appreciate the merits of working on their minimachine.

Single axle tractor with a steering tube

With this method, the power unit will be located behind the driver’s back and rigidly attached to the front adapter. So the grip of the drive wheels on the ground will increase. This, in turn, will increase the tractive force, which will make it possible to work with any attachments. For such experiments, the lightweight single-axle tractor “Salut” with a mass of about 75 kg and a capacity of 6.5 liters is best suited. с. In that case you need a steering column with a gearbox. But this is for this case, if you dare to make a single-axle tractor with front steering. This procedure is much more complicated and laborious than a simple articulation, but the result is satisfying. you get a single-axle tractor with a steering wheel and seat, and at the hands will be all the necessary levers.

Not only will you need a steering wheel and gearbox, but also steering rods with coulters. You will need to have gas, clutch and brake pedals under your feet. They are connected to the standard controls with self-made ropes or steel cables.

On the right side of the seat install a lever to raise or lower the attachment, as well as a handle of the parking brake. On the front wheels put the fenders with headlights. And the minimachine finally gets the finished look of a power tiller with a front adapter.

It should be noted that the adapter has good technical characteristics that allow you to fully appreciate the advantages of working on your minitool.

How to install?

Let’s look at the principle of installation of an adapter with a steering wheel by the example of a model for a KtZ motor-block with a steering tube. Docking the adapter with a motorblock begins with the installation of the trailer on the pin of the motorcycle, which is located in its front part. The knot is secured with a cotter pin. After that you need to move the gas to the place under the seat, carrying it with the native cable. To do this, use a 10 wrench and a screwdriver, remove the throttle control lever, remove the top plug under the seat, lay a rope. If necessary, change the bolt, because depending on the model of the adapter, it may be larger than necessary.

Then tighten the bolts with a 10 mm wrench. When shifting the throttle, make sure that the cable does not interfere anywhere. Remove the handlebar from the power tiller and unhook the cables for the clutch and the gearbox release. Next remove the steering wheel, using the stand for convenience. After removing the steering wheel, remove the support and proceed to install the pedals. At this stage of the work use a cable with the adapter plate, which is included with the adapter.

Place the plate on the wing of the power tiller and secure it with a bolt and nut. The lever bolted to the cable is installed in place of the roller bracket. After that put the second cable, fasten it and hook it to the installed bracket, fix it to the moment, allowing the cable to walk.

How to install?

Let’s consider the principle of installation of an adapter with a steering wheel by the example of a model for a KtZ motoblock with a steering column. Docking the adapter with the motorcycle block begins with the installation of the trailer on the pin of the motorcycle equipment, which is located in its front part. Secure the assembly with a cotter pin. After that, you need to move the gas in place under the seat, carrying it with the native cable. To do this use a 10 wrench and screwdriver, remove the throttle control lever, remove the top plug under the seat, put the cable. If necessary, change the bolt, because depending on the model of the adapter, it may be larger than necessary.

Next, the bolts are tightened with a 10 wrench. When shifting the throttle, make sure that the cable does not interfere anywhere. Remove the handlebar from the power tiller and unhook the cables for the clutch and the gearbox release. Then remove the steering wheel, using the stand for convenience. After removing the handlebar, remove the support, proceed to install the pedals. At this stage of the work use the cable with the adapter plate, which is included with the adapter.

The plate is installed on the wing of the power tiller and fixed with a bolt and nut. lever attached to the cable shall be installed in place of the roller bracket. After that put the second cable, fasten it and hitch it to the installed bracket, fix until the moment, allowing for walking of the cable.

Recommendations for operation

Regardless of the type of assembled and connected product, you need to start working with it with regard to safety rules. Before you start the engine, you should carry out a visual inspection of the equipment to rule out visible damage and faults. Do not add fuel to the fuel tank while the engine is running.

If an abnormal noise is heard during startup, stop the engine and determine the cause.

Do not use inappropriate brands of gasoline or fuel mixed with oil and other impurities. Before each start-up you need to check the oil level, because this is often the cause of engine stoppage.

To prolong the service life of your power tool the new machine should have a running-in period. It helps the trouble-free operation of the walking tractor.

It usually includes the study of the working surfaces of the parts. As a rule, the running-in period varies for different brands and modifications. For some varieties it may be up to 20 hours and more. During this time, do not overload the machine.

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During this time it is not necessary to overload the machine at maximum capacity. To warm up the engine, it should be done at medium speed without load for about three minutes.

The machine should be in first gear (with the throttle lever in a middle position) for the first hours of work depending on the model of the power tiller. It is important to try to avoid not only the maximum, but also the minimum speed. Check that all bolt connections are properly tightened after using the machine.

As for the cultivated soil, in the first hours it is better to cultivate uncomplicated soil. And you should also take into account that you should not work in stony and clayey soils.

Before working, you need to inspect the site and remove stones, as well as large debris. In general, working with motor equipment, it is necessary to constantly monitor the maintenance of its cleanliness, to check the strength of the attachment of available elements of the adapter and motorblock, including attachments.

You must not forget to tighten the loosening of fasteners. It is necessary to remember about the timely maintenance.

Rating of the best models for 2022

If you are not sure you understand how to make an adapter yourself, it is better to refer to ready-made options. Today the market offers the widest range of products from the best manufacturers. Asking what company adapter is better. it makes no sense, because each manufacturer offers a product designed for certain models (although it can offer universal devices).

There are many varieties of these devices: different load capacity, different power, with a body, without a body, long, short, etc.п. Different models have different functionality and direction of work, as well as different diameter of the coupling mechanism (unless it is a universal coupling mechanism). The most popular are usually suitable for both land cultivation and transportation. They have a body and cost more, while the bodyless variants are only suitable for cultivation and are not as expensive.

This review presents only the best and highest quality (according to buyers and popularity) models available in 2022, as well as our recommendations on how to choose a decent unit at the right price.

Another quality Russian product, manufactured at the Machine-Building Plant in Moscow. Gagarin (Smolensk region.). For the purpose the unit does not differ from the previous two models. Equipped with a mechanism for adjusting the length and height of the hitch, which allows it to be coupled with any type of MB. from the lightest to the heaviest.

Due to its versatility, the APM 350-PRO is considered a class above the already listed devices, although they are not inferior to it in terms of functionality. Nevertheless, this does not affect the cost.

Another important nuance: since the company producing this series, also engaged in the production of power tillers Mobil K, then especially for them was released from the factory attachment, greatly simplifying the work of a rotary mower. Most of them have a classic design, completely unsuitable for connecting rotary mowers, while this model, combined with the Mobil K-Series power tillers, has a special boom that allows you to raise the mower over an area of mowed grass at turns, so you do not need to remove the mower. Very comfortable and practical.

Brakes
Length 160 cm
Width 70 cm
Weight 45 kg
Price 17 500 /pc
  • Has a mechanism for adjusting the length and height of the clutch;
  • versatile;
  • Comes with a mower attachment on the MB Mobil K.

Another brainchild of Gagarin Machine-Building Plant. riding adaptor APM-350 with a body. Many garden equipment owners don’t consider having a built-in trailer to be vital, because it can always be added. The average cost of the trailer varies, depending on the total weight of the transported cargo and the width of the trailer itself (as a rule it is from 260 to 500 kg). The problem is that any owner rather quickly gets tired of walking after the MB, after which he will want to buy a trailer. And this is one of the most common mistakes when choosing adapters.

Since in this article we not only describe the existing kinds, but also recommend which one is better to buy, here is our advice for those who need a single-axle tractor with a trailer: buy variants at once with a body! Although its cost will be slightly higher compared to a regular trailer, but it will be much more advantageous than buying both a trailer and an adapter separately.

The APM-350 is an excellent representative of this “combined” type. Capacity is 350 kilograms. The size of the body is 800 x 1000 mm. The construction includes the following components: frame, floating attachment, operator’s seat, belt brakes and body.

Manufacturer guarantees compatibility with MB of the following series: AGAT, OKA, Neva, AVANGARD and Celina. Both passive and active equipment can be fitted. Combined with power tillers equipped with Ugra and MTZ universal joint shafts without any problems. However, such units may only be used with a passive hitch (i.e., having no moving parts and working only with direct motion of the walking tractor in the field: plough, ridger, potato weeder, etc.).

Length160 cm
Width 700 cm
Brakes ribbon
Weight 92 kg
Body type Tipperary, non-galvanized
Price 23 120 /pc

First up is Celina PM-05. classical and inexpensive option for those who need budget “workhorse” with good riding qualities. It has a fairly simple design: frame, brakes, seat and elevator. The operator’s seat is adjustable. “Celina” is completed with wheels 4.00 x 10 or 19 x 7.008, included wheel weights.

There are some mentions in product reviews about the rather weak braking mechanism and not very good floating linkage system. Active attachments (that is, all those tools that are powered by a rotary mechanism: rotary mower, sweeper brush, snow blower, etc.).) here is installed only on drawbar from the front part of your power tiller. The models of this design include MB, Neva, Agat, Celina, Avangard, Mobil K series.

Length 165 cm
Width 62 cm
Brakes Ribbon
Weight 50 kg
Price 12 450 /sht
Operating speed 10 km/h
Dimensions 165 x 75 x 110 cm

How to assemble an adapter to a power tiller with your own hands

It is not hard to assemble the adapter yourself at home. In essence, it is a simple trailed bogie. The trailer is designed so that the center of gravity of the entire structure rests on the supporting frame. The most complicated mechanism is the hitch mechanism with the MB, because its durability determines how long the machine will work.

The design of the standard unit consists of the following components:

  • frame;
  • steering wheel;
  • wheel set;
  • operator’s seat;
  • hitch;
  • lifting mechanism of the coupling device;
  • brake mechanism.

The drawings below show the drawings, which, with a skilful hand, you can build a simple device with your own hands.

Fig. 1. Drawing of the foot platform and part of the frame of the trailed cart

Usually a metal pipe of round or rectangular shape or a metal bar is used in the manufacture.

The hitch mechanism allows to attach the trailer to the tiller on condition that the connecting lugs of the tiller and the adapter fit each other by diameter.

Step-by-step instructions for making the adapter can be seen in the corresponding video: