How to make a planer for a power tiller with your own hands
Skidder for power tiller: how to make a homemade cultivator and assemble a ripper with your own hands. step-by-step instructions and drawings
Cultivator is necessary for you if you want to get rid of heavy mechanical work on your land plot. Ease of use, versatility, compactness and low price. these advantages make the cultivator indispensable in a small private household or in a country house.
With the help of the cultivator you can easily and quickly process a small area of land, conduct treatment of hard-to-reach places (alpine hills, the earth around the fence and others). Cultivators are widely available in garden equipment stores.
Cultivator can be made by yourself from simple materials.
Cultivator with their own hands: where to start and how to make it
Gearbox and engine are the main parts of a self-made motocultivator. First we make the frame of the future cultivator, drill holes to install the main units, and make handles for controlling the unit from two curved pipes with a diameter of 32 mm. Between the self-made handles you need to put another tube, which will be us as a spacer, increasing the strength of construction. To one of the handles we’ll later install the starter button.
To make the shaft, I used a scrap metal, welded a sprocket from the camshaft of a VAZ engine to it, and the chain and both sprockets were welded to the metal to make a cover.
I wired the three-phase motor using a standard delta circuit, and place the capacitor starter button on the handle to make it more convenient.
Hoes for a home-built cultivator
Our cultivator has to be able to drive somehow. Choose the wheels you want. Remember that small wheels will get stuck in the ground and interfere with your work. Too big wheels will be hard for a homemade cultivator to turn. Fix the selected wheels to the steel brackets that are placed on the gearcase. Attach the wheels to your homemade mechanism is not all. Attach the cleats to the wheels. They would help your rotary cultivator dig into the ground better.
Take automobile leaf springs or simple angles and cut out hooks of necessary diameter. To get the best effect, set the hook angle to 120°.
When you finish connecting all parts you will be able to use your handmade power tiller for several years. If you want the machine to just break up solid earth into big chunks, you’ll need to go with it faster. A slower walking speed will grind the earth into tiny particles. it all depends on how fast you work with the cultivator. Before using it, lubricate the shaft of the mechanism with oil so that the homemade machine will last longer without breakage.
On the same principle, you can also take for a homemade motokultivator motor from a washing machine. Take apart a child’s bicycle and attach sprockets and a bicycle chain to your machine. The result will be such a homemade electric cultivator. True, if you decide to make this unit with your own hands, keep in mind that the wire will constantly get tangled under your feet and interfere. Due to the fact that the mechanism is powered by mains and cable. you can’t go farther than its length allows.
Cultivator with their own hands: making a scheme and a list of necessary equipment
How to make a cultivator with your own hands? The first step, which requires detailed elaboration and study, is the drawing up of a schematic diagram of the future device and a description of all the stages of its assembly. To implement this part of the construction, it is required to make detailed drawings of the device, which should indicate all the dimensions and ratios of the elements of the structure.
You can do this both with the help of special computer programs, allowing you to visually display the visual model, in addition, set all the necessary parameters, and use the traditional way. It is concluded in the drawing of all parts on the millimeter paper, which should also indicate all other parameters and aspect ratios. Each of these options is able to fully convey all the necessary information that is required in order to quickly and easily create a homemade cultivator on a single axle tractor.
After carrying out work aimed at creating a visual image of the future device, we move on to collecting the necessary tools. The list of equipment that will be needed to carry out the work looks quite impressive and requires its full compliance. Otherwise, the lack of any tool is fraught with delays in the work and the inability to perform one or another unit of the device. Therefore, it is extremely important to prepare in advance all the necessary tools and parts, which will not only significantly save time, but also perform the entire sequence of work in the most efficient way. As for the very list of necessary equipment, it looks as follows and in the best way emphasizes all the variety of planned works and their importance. So, a homemade cultivator and its creation requires the following tools:
- welding machine;
- a set of wrenches;
- angle grinder;
- metal scissors;
- tape measure;
- a set of screwdrivers;
The above tools will allow you to create a device with optimal characteristics and do it in the shortest possible time. A separate point should be made about how to fasten the parts to each other. To date, there are only two. Metal bolts and welding. both of these methods of securing metal parts are absolutely reliable. However, it is better to assemble a homemade cultivator on a single-axle tractor with bolts, since due to the constant vibration that will accompany the work of the device, the welds can quickly deteriorate. The most critical parts should be bolted in place, while auxiliary system parts can be welded together.
Cultivator for power tiller with his own hands drawings. Hand-Held Cultivator with his own hands
The simplest version of making a cultivator at home. It’s a small construction, with enough capacity to grip a 20 cm wide strip. The basis of the device will be a handle in the form of a metal tube with a diameter of 2.4 cm. The length of the element is chosen specifically for the height of the user. On the bottom of the tube you need to install a strong axle made of wood. The cultivating bodies will be attached to it. Despite the simplicity of design, self-made hand cultivators can be completed with wheels. They can be cut out of metal sheet of thickness 0.3 cm and fixed with nuts.
There is another variant of construction, involving the base in the form of a strip of springy metal. In this case, the parameters of the workpiece should be the following: the length. 5 cm, width. 2 cm, and a thickness of about 2 mm. To this part is attached a wooden handle, through which will be processed. Tape is subjected to bends, so it can be shaped into a loop, and then make a double-sided trimming of the edges with a file. According to the diameter of the loop can be any, this parameter is calculated based on the area of the vegetable garden.
What it is?
A single-axle tractor is similar to a mini-tractor, its real participation in the work begins with the equipment of attachments. “Symbiosis” of engine and all kinds of attachments allows you to plow, loosen, chop firewood, transport cargo, mow grass, clear snow. All of these attachments can be mounted on a single-axle tractor to create a miniature excavator, tractor or lawnmower.
a single-axle tractor is often confused with a cultivator, and both conduct preplanting work on the ground.
But it should be understood that the capabilities of the first is much wider than the second, although it depends entirely on the attachment. The single-axle tractor is more powerful than the cultivator, its traction is due to the wheels. It also has an engine, often internal combustion, transmission, speed control and gearbox, steering wheel (remote control). As you can see, the device is not complicated and can be repaired by yourself.
Attachments of different types are purchased for the motorblock, for example, stationary is mounted to the adapter. Activator depends on the rotational power of the gearbox. On the axial equipment, the nozzles make turns under the weight of the motoblock. Planting and steering extensions refer to the adapter attachments.
In order to work with the ploughshare to be as effective as possible, you should understand the basic principles of using the attachment. In general, there is nothing complicated about it.The algorithm of actions is as follows:
- If weeding and ripping are required, the blades of the plough should be turned to the left. So that they lie flat on the ground.
- If the weeds are thick, tall, large thickets, then the blades also lead to the left, but slightly lifting above the ground.
- When setting up a bed, the blades lead downward. This way the site is neater.
- To form the seed and rolls from the ground, the blades go to the right, flat.
Even if you’re a beginning farmer, these tips will help you get better results. And it won’t depend on the type of planter or the brand of power tiller itself. Even with budget models you can achieve good results and get rid of weeds.
History of the Creation of the Plowshares
As the name suggests, the idea to create and use the ploughshare belongs to Vladimir Vasilievich Fokin. He was not a scientist, and did not spend days and nights in the laboratory, inventing, testing and improving his brainchild. Vladimir Vasilievich did not devote his life to the idea of creating a tool that combines a shovel, rake and hoe, allowing you to easily loosen and weed seedbeds. After serving in the army, he went to work as a designer at an engineering plant, then to work for the collective farm. For all his life Fokin was not only what: an engineer on fire safety, the chairman of the companion and assessor of the district court, the deputy, a lecturer, chief of staff of civil defense, a journalist of the newspaper “Leninets”. a total of 18 public workload. But it was the work of a journalist that gave him the opportunity to get in touch with farming issues, to learn from ordinary peasants about the current problems in this area.
Read also: The key cartridge for the peorator
Hard work does not pass without a trace. In 1987, Vladimir Vasilyevich suffers a very serious heart attack and becomes disabled. I had to put an end to active physical work. But a man like Fokin, accustomed to labor and can not imagine himself without it, could not give up just because. “Twice (three months each) nursed in hospital: extensive, as they later said, transmural heart attack. Disability. The pensions are “put through the door” Domestic. at work and at school. Silence. if you howl. I read about spies. not that”. The love of farming awakened in him and he thought that it was necessary to invent something that would allow him to work without excessive load at least on his vegetable garden. Elena Nikolaevna. Fokin’s wife. remembers in her memoirs: “Volodya worked for a long time on the flat-tine pruner. On his desk he often had various drawings, diagrams. At first he was doing it just for fun, but then normal curiosity turned into a serious matter”. The author of the invention himself describes the process in his notes: “The search for a hand-held ploughshare was long. I made dozens of designs, starting with the plow Everything was wrong. Invented for years. Made it. for 3 days”. The patent for the invention of the plough and its author, Vladimir Fokin. Photo from sites: www.offokin.ru, blagodatmir.But one way or another, the ploughshare became the business of the entire Fokin family, and his first test can rightly be called his birthday: “I’ll never forget that day. We joked and laughed a lot. We liked the ploughshare very much, it was our brainchild. Vladimir Vasilievich decided to patent his invention only after he had given it to all his friends to “try”. They really liked the ploughshare. Well, its further way was predictable. The positive feedback from strangers and wide popularity among gardening lovers gave the opportunity to start the production and even export the ploughshare to other countries: Lithuania, Estonia, Belorussia, etc.д. The invention outlived its creator, who, unfortunately, passed away in 2002.
How to make a plough a single axle tractor with your own hands?
If a person does not want to spend money on factory attachments, he can create a self-made attachment, using improvised parts and tools. over, even a classic Fokin plowsaw will do for adjusting to the peculiarities of power tillers. First, we should read the diagrams and drawings on our website.
Algorithm of creating a classic variant for a power tiller:
- First you need to heat a piece of metal on a blowtorch, which will later be the blade;
- Using a ciphering machine, it is necessary to carry out its sharpening under the knife;
- It is worth to make certain holes for placement as an attachment;
- Having attached the pieces to the blueprints, it is necessary to determine the places that will be bent;
- Having heated these very fragments with a blowtorch, we give the blade the necessary shape (for this task you can use a wrench);
- After the finished ploughshare should be cooled (preferably in water);
- Having attached the attachment, you can start working.
If the owner of the land believes that variants on the likes of factory ploskrezov can be more practical, he is free to follow further operations to create a more modernized type of the aforementioned device:
- It is necessary to find a small diameter and not long tube;
- Then make several holes in it at equal distances;
- After it is important to find 2 small rectangular sheets of steel, give them the necessary shape, sharpen and weld together in the form of a boomerang;
- The final step is to connect (also using a welding device) “iron boomerang” with a pipe (base).
In principle, the creation of such uncomplicated “helpers” is a simple matter, the main thing is to have the necessary tools, parts and desire.
Star (rotary) cultivator
Manual rotary cultivators are usually made in the form of metal stars, located on the shaft. Such units have a handle and are quite easy to use.
To understand how such a device works, it is sufficient to look at the photo of the hand cultivator: the cultivation of the soil is carried out by applying effort to the handle and simultaneously leading the unit forward.
This type of cultivator is worth choosing when working on weed removal and when cultivating narrow rows or other hard-to-reach areas.
The device will be an excellent helper when dipping potatoes after manual planting, as well as when treating ridges or soils under coniferous plantings. Unfortunately, such a unit is not suitable for working with heavy loamy soils, which are covered with a dense crust.
Ploughshare for power tiller with your own hands. manufacturing procedure
Today many different ploughshares are available for the single-axle tractor. They come in many shapes and sizes. However, to speed up work on the cultivated area, it is not necessary to buy equipment. it is enough to make their own hands. First of all, you need to get acquainted with the schemes. The drawings should promptly suggest how and in what sequence the parts will be attached in the overall design.
To assemble a plough a single-axle tractor, you will need the following materials and tools:
- sheet of forged steel, about 5-6 mm thick;
- A piece of metal sheet, about 2 mm thick;
- A piece of profile pipe, cross-section 4 x 4 cm. The thickness of the pipe walls should be at least 3 mm;
- An angle grinder and an electric drill;
- welding machine.
After collecting everything you need for the work and carefully studying the selected drawings, you can proceed directly to the assembly.
Making a planer for the power tiller should be done in the following order:
- First, you will need to cut the rack. To do this, using an angle grinder on a sheet of hardened steel, you need to make incisions strictly according to the drawing. After that, you will need to drill holes in the rack;
- The thin metal sheet is used to cut out the arm of the produced plane. On a special anvil, bend the part strictly according to the scheme. For the subsequent assembly of the foot you need to use rivets, and then weld the unit into a single design;
- Profile tube is necessary for cutting blanks, which will later be used to assemble the frame of the plough and fixed working tools. The principle of lowering and lifting the frame should be carefully thought out;
- After that, you need to make a hitch, which is necessary for the installation of all the elements of the manufactured plane;
- Next, you need to work out a scheme for installing the manufactured attachment on a single-axle tractor. All data obtained must be transferred to the frame of the equipment. After that you need to make the plates, which will be used to fix the coupling mechanism. Then it is necessary to check the lifting and lowering of the structure;
- At the final stage, the finished ploughshare for the cultivator must be coated with primer, paint and a special anti-corrosion agent. The video shows the making of the plough.
Self-made ploughshare can be successfully used both for light and heavy power tillers. It can be used with Neva power tillers, as well as with farming machines of other domestic and foreign manufacturers.
Ploughshare for power tiller with his hands. how to make
Today there are various ploskrezy on a single-axle tractor on sale. They have different shapes and dimensions. However, to speed up the work on the cultivated area, it is not necessary to buy the equipment. it is enough to make it with your own hands. First of all, you need to familiarize yourself with the schemes. Blueprints should promptly suggest how and in what sequence the parts will be attached in the overall construction.
To assemble a plough a single-axle tractor, you will need the following materials and tools:
- A sheet of forged steel, about 5-6 mm thick;
- a piece of metal sheet, about 2 mm thick;
- A piece of profile pipe, cross-section 4 x 4 cm. The wall thickness of the pipe should be at least 3 mm;
- angle grinder and power drill;
- welding machine.
Having assembled everything necessary for work and carefully studied the selected drawings, you can proceed directly to the assembly.
Making a plane for the power tiller should be done in the following order:
- To begin with you need to cut out a rack. Cut notches on the hardened steel sheet with an angle grinder, exactly as shown in the drawing. After that, it will be necessary to drill holes on the stand;
- A thin metal plate is used to cut out the arms of the ploughshare to be produced. On a special anvil bend a part strictly according to the scheme. For the subsequent assembly of the leg it is necessary to use rivets, after which to weld the assembly into a single structure;
- Profile pipe is needed to cut blanks, which will later be used to assemble the frame of the plane and fixed working tools. The principle of lowering and raising the frame should be carefully thought out;
- After that you need to make a coupling mechanism, which is necessary for the installation of all the elements of the manufactured plane;
- Next, you need to work out a scheme for installing manufactured attachments to a single-axle tractor. All obtained data should be transferred to the frame of the equipment. After that, it is necessary to make plates, by means of which the coupling mechanism will be fixed. Then it is necessary to check the lifting and lowering of the construction;
- At the finishing stage, the finished ploughshare for the cultivator must be covered with primer, paint and a special anti-corrosion agent. Manufacturing of the ploughshare is clearly demonstrated in the video.
The homemade plough can be successfully used both for light and heavy power tillers. It can be used together with the Neva motor blocks, as well as with farming machines of other Russian and foreign producers.
TYPES AND PECULIARITIES OF MANUAL SKIDDERS AND ATTACHMENTS
Skidders, as well as other agricultural devices, are produced by different factories under different brands. But, it should be said that they differ not only in names, but also in some design features.
This agricultural tool is made in the form of a staple made of metal, which is evenly sharpened on both sides. Thanks to this design, it easily cuts a thin layer of soil and leaves it in place, preserving the structure of the soil.
The hardened steel of which the tool is made requires almost no sharpening. It is not recommended to use it on “clogged” soils and on virgin land. it is ineffective. But for getting rid of young growth of weeds, it is just the right tool.
This tool has an interesting history. В.В. Fokin invented and designed it after suffering a severe heart attack. working with a shovel was contraindicated to him.
And, instead of giving up on his beloved horticulture, he has made life easier for himself and many other gardeners. Looks like a metal staple, but it can replace almost all gardening tools.
It weighs very little. With a flatbed, you can loosen, plow, prune, undercut, break up soil, rake and shape ridges, thin outIt really is a versatile tool.
Probably one of the oldest variants of hand-held skimmers. It has a clamp design, fixed at both ends. Toothed wheels on either side of the bracket.
And this is the main disadvantage. the wheels are constantly clogged with soil and grass. They need to be cleaned. Creative gardeners saw off the wheels and use the tool at their pleasure. They work as follows: drive the blade to the depth of 2-3 cm and pull with reciprocating movements. The sharp blade cuts weeds easily. Must be sharpened periodically.
POLLINK ON MOTOCULTIVATOR (single axle tractor)
There is usually a “planter” set on the rotary cultivator with a bucket. They are used for ducking, weeding, and cutting beds. The design of the circular saw on a single-axle tractor consists of several high-strength knives and blades.
The attachment is installed on the gearbox shaft. IMPORTANT: observe safety rules when working with skid steers for power tillers.
Hoe for the garden. it is not a tool to fight, but a tool of order. The front attachment is mounted on a gearbox shaft. If you use it first of all to keep order in your vegetable garden then you won’t have to work hard in the seedbeds.
Makes for a power tiller
The question of where to begin to design an attachment for power tillers is quite reasonable. The fact that almost all motor blocks are equipped with trailed devices, factory sample, designed for the use of standard types of equipment. It should be noted that the standard equipment does not meet the demands of customers. too delicate and fragile trailed systems when used in harsh conditions.
To get the best results from the plough, you should know the rules for using the attachment. There is nothing complicated about working with such a device.
Order of actions when working with a power tiller on a power tiller looks like this
- In order to loosen and qualitative weeding of row spacing on the cultivated area the blades of the plane should be directed to the left side so that it was located on the ground flat;
- for quick and effective removal of tall and thick weeds, you should similarly direct the blades of the device to the left, but the latter should be slightly elevated above the ground;
- To equip the bed, the blades of the plough should be directed downwards. it will achieve the best result;
- In order to form rollers and quickly fill in the sown seeds the blades of the plough should always be directed to the right and lie flat on the ground.
Adhering to these simple recommendations, a beginning farmer will achieve the best results, regardless of the model of the plough and the capabilities of the used power tiller.
Auxiliary equipment for the power tiller
Among the necessary improvements to the motoblock in the form of attachments, it is recommended to make, in addition to all of the above, the following elements:
For designs of wheels used as propulsion for a motor-block in the arable field use wheels with rubber tires. How to make wheels for a power tiller with cleats yourself will prompt experience and ability to work with ready-made structures, such as steel rims from tires.
Angle is cut into segments of 35-40 cm. The rims of the disk are marked into equal segments. It is best if there will be 8 or 10. The marks are made and the corners are welded at the marks.
The elevator with his own hands for power tiller is better to make from a piece of pipe diameter of 100 mm. The elevator itself is made in the form of a roller on a bracket. It changes its position when necessary and makes it possible to lift the single-axle tractor on the support. The bucket is normally positioned in front of the machine and serves as a roller when traversing ditches and potholes.
Bucket for a power tiller with his own hands is recommended to assemble in the case if you plan to use it as a snowplow.
- of sheet metal 1.5-2 mm thick;
- rigid plastic with a blade at the bottom made of metal strip;
- plywood 8-10 mm or OSB 10-12 mm thick.
The bucket is rigidly attached to the frame of the power tiller. To facilitate work, you can make a swivel device to change the angle of the cutting plane to the road surface.
To make the bucket work for a long time, a supporting ski is placed in front on a bracket. It’s a safe way to get the bucket to work on the road surface. The cutting surface will be at a certain height above the ground and not touch the ground.
It is possible to improve the home power tiller to your requirements without great expense. After all, it is possible to assemble the attachment on a single axle tractor yourself by doing everything yourself.
Star (rotary) cultivator
Manual rotary cultivators are usually made in the form of metal stars, located on the shaft. Such units have a handle and are fairly easy to use.
To understand how such a device works, it’s enough to look at the photo of a hand cultivator: the soil is cultivated by exerting effort on the handle and simultaneously driving the unit forward.
This type of cultivator is worth choosing when working on removing weeds, as well as when cultivating narrow rows or other hard-to-reach places.
The device would be a great helper for hilling potatoes after manual planting, but also for treating ridges or soils under coniferous plantations. Unfortunately, this unit is not suitable for heavy loamy soils with a thick crust.
To optimize the load and increase the service life of the cultivator the width of loosening is selected by changing the number of attached soil cutters.
The depth of the blade can be adjusted with an adjustable coulter. It does all the work, no force is needed on the single-axle tractor. The handlebar is pressed lightly on the ground, the coulter is pushed in more firmly and brakes the machine, thus increasing the cultivation depth.
The machine is rocked slightly so that the gearbox does not sink into the uncultivated ground.
When working with the cultivator, the user should keep his or her back straight and the hands at waist level. Such a body position contributes to a longer operation of the machine and will not harm your health.
If the blades become dull after prolonged use, they must be resharpened with an angle grinder. Self-sharpening blades for easy operation. The type of soil has a big influence on the cutting edges. In wet or heavy soil, blades wear out faster.
For a more comfortable work and high-quality cultivation of the soil, the rotational speed of the tiller for a cantilever motoblock must reach 275 rpm, for a cultivator. 140 rpm.
If the mechanized equipment does not work well with the tiller, it is necessary to find out the cause of the malfunction and eliminate it in time. If it is impossible to carry out the repair ask for help from specialists.