How To Make Tiller Attachments
In order to cultivate the land and perform a number of agricultural work on a small tractor, you will need the following additional devices:
- Potato planters and potato diggers.
- Weeders and mowers.
- Wood splitters.
All these devices will sooner or later be needed, but most often they are used, a rake, a plow, tillers and devices for planting and collecting potatoes.
Snow removal device
It is not difficult to execute it; to create it, you need to prepare 2 metal pipes and brackets. The so-called dump can be made from sheet metal. The rods are connected to its body by welding, and the brackets make it possible to fix its angle of inclination and location relative to the coupling unit. This moving part can be taken from used self-propelled equipment.
This device is indispensable during the harvesting of tuber crops, especially potatoes. Such homemade products for a tiller with their own hands are not so easy to do. Before work, you need to create drawings of attachments and think through every detail.
The frame, as the main body, is welded from metal corners or channels. It must be strong and stable enough.
For direct collection of tubers, 1 or 2 metal plates with rounded edges are needed, this is done so that they do not cut the potatoes. You will also need metal rods that are welded to the plate. Together, this design is called a plowshare. this is a moving part of this device.
An equally important piece of equipment is the editorial hub. To make it, you need to purchase 2 metal cylinders, they are designed to connect 2 bushings that ensure the interaction of the shafts.
Body for cleaning tubers. It is quite difficult for an inexperienced craftsman to make it. To assemble it, you need to purchase roller chains, steel rods, it is with their help that you need to assemble a structure that in its appearance will resemble a squirrel wheel. This wheel must be firmly fixed on 2 special rods so that the drum can rotate.
Correctly assembled parts will allow this device to be used in work for many years, and a high-quality result will delight.
How to make attachments for a tiller with your own hands
Today’s peasants cannot imagine their activities without special equipment. Most assemble attachments for a tiller with their own hands, since this machine goes on sale with a minimum set of additional tools for cultivating the land.
For summer residents and residents of rural areas, where it is required to cultivate sufficiently large areas of land, this technique is a real savior, allowing you to perform the intended work quickly, efficiently and without heavy physical effort. Only now the tiller itself is of value as a tractor; to perform various land works, you need to purchase or make do-it-yourself attachments.
How to make a hiller?
The simplest homemade attachment is a hiller. To assemble this device, you will need the following tools and materials:
- 2 disks of the same size, made of durable metal. They can be made independently, or taken from an old seeder.
- Bolts, nuts, metal pins and washers, plain bearings.
- T-shaped metal frame.
- Racks. 2 pcs.
- To correctly adjust the angle of rotation of the discs, you need to purchase screw lanyards.
Adapters are located in the center of the discs, with their help, they are attached to the frame. Racks should ideally be mounted on such devices so that the distance between the discs can be further adjusted. The rest of the parts are assembled by welding and bolts.
How to make a coupling knot?
This part must be made of durable material, as it is the link between the tool for work and the pulling force of the tiller. This assembly must have strong fixing elements on both sides.
To make it, you will need the following tools and materials:
- Metal or channel. They will be needed to create the main body of the node.
- Fasteners in the form of bolts, nuts and steel rods.
- In order for the position of the node to be changed, you need to think over which adjustment element is needed. It must be a solid and metal lever.
- To assemble this tiller part, you will need a welding machine, a set of keys, drills and a drill for metal.
Such self-made devices must correspond to the dimensions and carrying capacity of the machine. The assembly must have sufficiently strong fastening parts and fit in size to the main equipment.
Buy or do it yourself?
Of course, you need to make a universal coupler, since it will be possible to attach to it, both home-made devices and purchased ones.
The universal assembly is assembled in the following sequence:
- First you need to take 2 U-shaped metal arcs of the same size, channel bars are perfect for their manufacture. Each metal plate needs to be drilled holes: in one. 6 pcs., And in the other. 8 pcs.
- The body is a more complex part and is assembled using a welding machine. He must clearly measure and drill holes for the connecting elements, and on one of the brackets it is necessary to think over how to make a movable connection.
- The most difficult thing in this work is considered to be the manufacture of a lever, or rather, the very mechanism for adjusting the position of the tiller. Its main parts are the screw, bracket and handle.
To carry out this work, it is recommended to use a special machine on which it will be possible to grind all the necessary parts. When the hitch is assembled and ready for use, it is worth checking the strength of its attachment and fastening of the working attachment for the tiller.
In order to assemble this attachment yourself, you need to prepare the following parts:
- The frame is the main bearing element, it can be welded from metal corners and channels.
- A metal axle must be attached to the frame to which the wheels will be attached.
- A potato hopper is attached to the bottom of the frame.
- The sprockets must be correctly attached to the frame and connected to the adjusting mechanism.
Particular attention must be paid to correctly adjusted sprocket placement, as this will affect the distribution of tubers in the soil during planting. The wheels on this device can be of different diameters, it all depends on the dimensions of the tiller itself and the attachments.
Some craftsmen manage to create universal devices for earthwork, for example, by adding or removing any parts, you can create a potato planter from a motor-cultivator, and the rake can be easily converted into harrows by changing the main nozzles on the frame. If you approach this issue competently and competently, then you can gradually assemble all the necessary tools for household and agricultural work on the tiller.
How to make tiller attachments? Varieties and scope of application Video
Tiller equipment of any kind and configuration is a must. Modern models are blocks of impressive size, equipped with power take-off systems, therefore, every year, equipment manufacturers release new functional attachments and attachments for them. The tiller is designed in such a way that additional tools must be used exclusively in the mounted position.
What is additional equipment for tillers and what is it used for??
Often these are units for soil cultivation, cultivation of grain and vegetables on small land plots.
With this in mind, the equipment is divided into 3 categories:
For convenience, the range of tillers with a set of equipment is divided by manufacturers into 2 groups:
Tiller equipment and nozzles of a simple set.
Most of the tools are made in one row. For engine blocks of a more massive design, there are multi-row models (cultivators and cutters).
For each individual model of the motor unit, a range of attachments and extensions is produced that increase the wheelbase, as well as increase the stability of the joints for mounting the knife and plow hiller. There are times when, using various attachments for the tiller, you can attach small-sized rakes and harrows. Their functional task is to increase the productivity of mowing.
Tillers for cultivation work with soil are in second place in terms of frequency of use, after plows. Often, double models are used in the work, but if necessary, they put a tool with a large number of knives.
Nowadays, the most demanded tools and additional equipment for motor units are devices for snow removal, grain seeders, devices for planting potatoes, harvesting. This equipment was created in order to facilitate the work of the farmer, reduce the time of tillage and harvesting. The design of the units for planting grain plants in the ground resembles the one that is used as full-fledged seeders clinging to a tractor.
Units for planting potatoes KS-1 have a mass of about 40 kg, which makes it possible to plant about 100. 120 kg of seed in already prepared soil in 1.1.5 hours. The tubers are immersed in the tank and by the driven unit drive, the seeds are planted in the soil at a certain set interval. It goes without saying that before this it is necessary to make furrows in the soil. For harvesting potatoes, there is also equipment for tillers, which allows you to dig the tubers in a short time. Of course, he won’t do all the work for you, but at least partially he will help.
There is another type of attachment that helps mow greenery. The rotary lawn mower for the Salyut motor unit with a chain drive of the cutter makes it possible to mow the grass several times faster than using a conventional lawn mower moving on its own. Attachments of the GPM-1 rake removes the cut grass.
In addition to the land-working tool for the Salyut tiller, there are units for spraying and watering, trees, shrubs. They are a water pump that creates a water pressure of about 5 atmospheres.
In practice, motor units equipped with high-quality and functional equipment are miraculously capable of working as a snow removal unit. The most successful option for such a toolkit is considered to be the SMB-1 hinged kit.
To remove wet snow, use a shovel blade, which is also attached to the motor unit. The tool is equipped with a meter wide blade that can lift and remove ice blocks and heavy wet snow 30 cm thick. The unit is equipped with a handle that allows you to change the cutting line. In addition to the snow-clearing function, this equipment can be used to cut the upper part of the sod of sandy soil. Considering all the capabilities of the unit, it can easily turn into a mini bulldozer.
In order to additionally clear the road from snow, a rotary brush can be attached to the tiller, which will act as a kind of broom. Such a tool easily sweeps stones and swamps from the road, removes ice, sold frozen snow up to 1 cm thick.
The engine block, which has excellent power, can be converted into a vehicle with a loading capacity of 100. 400 kg. For this purpose, it is required to have a special type of attachments and a trailer on the same axle.
This unit can reach a speed of about 10 km / h on rough terrain, and 15-18 km / h on a regular roadbed. The inconveniences that may arise in the process of using such equipment are directly related to the poor combination of gear ratios with optimized rpm and stroke speed of the motor unit. Taking into account that the tiller is not equipped with a brake system and optimal control under the condition of a heavily loaded trailer, you need to have good driving skills of similar engine units.
If you set out to convert the tiller into a mini tractor, then it is worth noting that this task is quite possible when using an additional mounted type adapter. This way you get a very maneuverable small tractor with a lot of potential. You can attach devices for cutting grass to it, and get a powerful lawn mower at the exit.
Auxiliaries and motor unit attachments can be easily converted into real agricultural machines. The high cost easily pays for itself over time, because such equipment helps to significantly reduce labor costs, reduce the time for harvesting, clearing the road from snow, etc. Often, snow blower tiller attachments with snow blower equipment are unmatched on the market today. This industry is only gaining momentum in the development of technology and its implementation.
Attachments for Tiller Neva
The value of any tool is determined by its functionality. This is how a large set of Neva Tiller attachments turns it into a universal tool for making full use of all the power of an excellent engine. And the matter is not limited only to the cultivation of the land on the personal plot, although the attachments for the Tiller Neva were created, first of all, as a tool for maintaining personal farming.
What can be done with the Neva tiller attachments
The considerable age of Tiller Neva and the accumulated experience allowed, sometimes with the advice of craftsmen. self-made, the designers of the tiller to create a whole range of various attachments, which can be divided into several conditional categories:
- A tool for farming, cultivation and soil preparation in small areas of 20-30 acres;
- Nozzles and accessories for planting, processing and harvesting, harvesting grass;
- Transport attachments and attachments for the tiller;
- Tools and equipment for cleaning the territory.
Accessories for transport functions and cleaning of the territory
Thanks to the sufficiently large motor power and the presence of four speeds, using the adapter for the neva tiller, the unit can be easily turned into a mini tractor. This option will be especially useful for working in very small areas, in a garden or in a subsidiary farm.
The hitching of the Tiller Neva with the trailer will turn out to be more lifting and faster. For heavy MB23S, SD the weight of the cargo transported in the trailer can reach 400 kg. For the usual second series of the “Neva MB 2S” motor unit, the trailer attachment will allow you to transport up to 150 kg.
In addition to the listed attachments, it is necessary to mention a motor shovel or blade for the tiller neva. As you can see from the photo, the design of the device is a wide profiled metal shield, which is installed on the guide tube located in the front of the Neva. A handle is attached to the upper edge, allowing you to control the position of the shovel when the tiller is moving.
The power of the Neva is such that at the first speed the motor unit quietly removes a layer of soft earth 10-15 cm high with a shovel. With the help of a nozzle. a dump, one can easily plan a site of sand or bulk soil. Another interesting application of the nozzle is snow removal, cleaning up small areas of the yard and adjacent roads.
A rotary snow blower for the tiller neva is best suited for removing fresh or compressed snow. Thanks to the drive, the rotary mechanism of the nozzle allows not only cutting off the snow layer, but also effectively throwing the snow mass away from the route of movement.
In addition to the rotary nozzle, to clean the area from snow and dirt, you can use a rather unusual, but at the same time highly effective nozzle for the Neva Tiller in the form of a drum brush. The rotating rotor of the nozzle is driven by a power take-off belt from one of the pulleys on the motor. Tiller Neva installed on wheels with a nozzle is capable of high-quality cleaning of the asphalt bed from ice and compressed snow at a speed of 5-7 km / h.
Using the control handles, the operator can adjust the degree of pressing of the rotating brush of the nozzle to the ground and thereby improve the quality of surface cleaning. Cut ice and dust are thrown out by the brush in front of the motor unit, therefore, during cleaning, breaks are required to collect dirt. Given the high drum speed, work with the brush attachment only when there are no people on the route of the device.
Tools and attachments for planting and harvesting
The most unusual and interesting nozzles for planting and harvesting can be considered devices for planting with a potato tiller. The device of the nozzle can be understood from the photo. Tubers are loaded into the cone-shaped container, which are selected in the process of movement and, with a metered frequency, are fed by a special chain lift into the furrow cut by a motor-plow. Thus, the seed placement in the furrow is maintained precisely.
The more serious version of the trailer-based planter allows the continuous planting of small heads of onions or garlic. It is possible to work with such a nozzle only on the soil prepared and cultivated with the help of the tiller. After sowing, the soil can be closed with a nozzle that covers the planting surface.
With the help of a simple attachment known as the Tiller Neva potato digger, you can dig out a potato crop. In fact, the nozzle for harvesting potatoes is a set of rods attached to the plow, with which the tiller lifts a layer of soil with potatoes and sifts the mass, separating clods of soil from the potatoes.
In separate, more advanced designs, the neva tiller attachment even allows tubers to be collected in the hopper.
Due to the presence of an additional power take-off unit, part of the rotational energy can be used for mowing grassy crops using a special attachment, as in the photo. The mower for tiller neva, thanks to the high engine power, works much more productively and faster than special gasoline lawn mowers.
The most interesting and useful adaptations to the Tiller Neva
Attachments and attachments used to cultivate the land on a personal plot are considered to be the most commonly used in working with a tiller. Next in the popularity ranking are transport devices and accessories. tiller attachments designed to facilitate planting and harvesting.
Land plowing equipment
Most often, a motor unit is bought to be used as a motor cultivator for performing the most difficult work on the earth: autumn plowing and cultivation of the fertile layer. Due to the very high torque at the output of the power reducer of 7-10 hp. enough to process even loamy or saline soils in several passes.
To restore the soil structure, the manufacturer offers the following tool options for work:
- The plow for the tiller neva with a hitch is most often equipped with a standard or universal design of a hitch with a frame. the tiller allows you to plow medium-weight soil, roots and young growth of trees;
- Cultivators and cutters for the tiller “Neva MB 2” allow deeper and more thorough plowing of the soil, chopping down weed roots, turning the remains of vegetation into mulch, using the tiller as a multicultivator.
In addition to the single design, there are paired plows that allow processing with a pair of cutting edges with a dump of soil in two rows, as in the photo. But it is recommended to work with such serious devices on motor units “Neva MB 23” or “Neva MB23SD”.
You should not expect to plow virgin soils with a tiller, medium-heavy soil with a large number of roots and weeds, as a rule, “too tough” even for heavy MB 23 tillers. The Neva was created to work on plowed soil. In this case, milling cutters, cultivators and plows work great.
On salt marshes and clay soils, the lug rotation power and their weight are not always enough to plow the compacted soil layer. Often, the hooks are welded with additional weights, for example, flywheels from trucks, which lowers the tiller’s center of gravity, makes it more stable and makes it 20-25 kg heavier. The width of one lug wheel is 210 mm with a diameter of 460 mm.
With the help of a nozzle on the hiller’s motor unit, it is possible to successfully loosen the soil, both before planting, and to remove weeds in the rows between plants. But it is quite difficult to work with such a device; knowledge of the specifics of the instrument setting is required.
Tiller Neva, with the help of special attachments, allows you to perform more than a dozen basic and auxiliary operations, which are usually associated with heavy physical exertion. Today, manufacturers of motor units estimate the value of the market segment for special attachments at a level comparable to the market for motor units themselves, so their number and capabilities, especially for the popular Neva, will only increase.
Do-it-yourself attachments for a tiller
Probably, there is nothing more useful for processing a land plot than a tiller. But he is useless without attachments, it is this that gives the tiller such functionality. This material was conceived as a kind of review telling what articles on the topic “Attachments for a tiller with your own hands” are published on our website.
Dump on tiller
The tiller blade is a front attachment that allows the tiller to remove snow and perform other leveling work. In the article “Do-it-yourself blade for a tiller”, you will find comprehensive information on the manufacture and operation of this hinge.
Lugs, another device that replaces the wheels and provide the tiller with better traction, thereby providing good flotation and stability when performing heavy work. In the material “Do-it-yourself lugs for a tiller”, you will find detailed information, supplemented by video and drawings, about the manufacture of lugs using car disks and other materials at hand.
We make attachments for tillers with our own hands
Attachments for tillers are quite diverse and allow you to perform a full range of soil cultivation work. Here, you will find videos, photos, drawings and a detailed description explaining step by step how to make homemade attachments for a tiller.
Here are a few positions of attachments that are already described on our website:
Homemade Tiller Adapter
The adapter is probably the most popular attachment that is in great demand. The reason for its popularity lies in the usability of the tiller. Instead of following the tiller on a bumpy field, you can use the adapter and just drive like a mini tractor. Also, the adapter assumes hanging additional equipment on it, which makes working on the tiller comfortable and easy. The topic “How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands” describes the design features, purpose, manufacturing stages, as well as media materials such as videos, diagrams, drawings, allowing you to make the adapter yourself.
What are the tillers equipped with
The tiller itself is only a power unit with wheels. In order for it to perform useful work, it must be turned into an agricultural machine, supplemented with attachments. Only then do the positive aspects of this energy-rich device begin to manifest.
A small list of the main attachments and attachments:
- Lugs allow the tiller to move around the arable land.
- Plow and cutter. For a long time, deep cultivation of the land with a seam turnover was carried out by plows. The soil tiller is a device that can loosen the fertile layer.
- Potato planter will facilitate the work of a villager and summer resident when planting potatoes.
- The plane cutter is one of the ancient tools that is experiencing a rebirth with the emergence of the ideas of organic (ecological) farming.
- Hillers. An increase in the yield of root crops, as well as an increase in the efficiency of the root system of plants, is achieved by using hillers.
- The trailer turns the tiller into a vehicle that can transport goods on the site and on public roads.
- The snow blower extends the period of use of the tiller, in winter it is actively used for clearing snow.
This is not a complete list of tiller attachments.
It is not necessary to purchase the entire set of attachments for the tiller at once. Additional tools are purchased or manufactured as needed.
Do-it-yourself hiller for a tiller
The hiller creates a soil ridge. The soil is scooped up to the roots, and the feeding area increases several times as the ground level rises around the stem of the cultivated plant. There are hillers on Tilleri:
- The lister (fertilizer) hiller is structurally similar to a plow body with two dumps; it moves between rows, moving the soil from the groove to the ridge. They are used with a relatively small row spacing;
- disc hiller in the form of two discs, covering the ridge. When they move, the crest is created on both sides at once;
- rotary (propeller), with active plates that push the soil into the ridge.
Lister hillers are often equipped with adjustable headers. This allows you to change the width of the working body. Propeller hinges are used by many for hilling potatoes, but pruning the rhizomes of perennial weeds, they contribute to the clogging of the field.
The most common disc hillers, they are easy to manipulate in the process. They are also easy to make with your own hands.
DIY plow and milling cutter
The plow, for all its outward simplicity, is rather difficult to manufacture. Usually, manufacturing begins with a hitch. a special attachment. The body is fixed on the hitch. this is the main working body. The walk-behind plow trims the soil layer. Further, the formation is formed, and then its turnover occurs.
The plow body design includes several components:
- ploughshare. cuts into the soil;
- dump. serves to create a given movement of the formation and turnover;
- field board. stabilizes the direction of travel of the entire agricultural unit.
The tiller is interested in the design of the swivel plow, with one movement of the lock the plow can be easily changed from right to left and vice versa. It is very convenient for cultivating the land in small areas.
If the plow can be conditionally recognized as a passive working hitch, then the soil milling machine is active. When processing the soil, the wheels are removed, the movement of the unit occurs due to the rotation of the cutters. The rotor blades rotate and loosen the ground.
For the manufacture of cutters, strip products with a thickness of 5 mm or more are used. To reduce resistance during operation, the blades are sharpened.
DIY Tiller Trailer
The trailer expands the capabilities of the tiller. With him, he turns into a vehicle capable of delivering various goods. The parameters of this homemade tiller attachment depend on the available power. The higher it is, the more difficult the cart can become.
For high-energy tillers with engines over 10 hp. two-axle trailers are possible, which can carry up to 1000 kg of cargo. Usually small single-axle trailers are built, the carrying capacity of which is 300-500 kg.
There is an important requirement. The reliability and controllability of the hitch must comply with the characteristics required for vehicles used on public roads. Therefore, axles or bridges from other wheeled vehicles are most often used. Many are guided by the use of ready-made axles from cars and scooters.
The scooter wheels are designed for a load of more than 150 kg each. Therefore, they are taken as a basis for design. Some DIYers equip the trailer with a spare wheel to make a quick change on the road.
The main thing is to create a solid frame, as it will take the load from the transported materials. At the same time, the safety of all road users depends on a strong frame when operating a trailer with a trailer on roads where there are other vehicles.
DIY Pull Behind Garden Tiller
DIY flat cutter for a tiller
To cut the rhizomes of weeds, to loosen the soil to a shallow depth without turning the layer can be such attachments as flat cutters. The flat cutter for the tiller is quite simple to manufacture. For him you will need:
- sheet with a thickness of 5 or 6 mm;
- sheet 2 mm thick;
- profile pipe 40×40 with a wall of 3 mm.
The procedure for making this homemade attachment:
- A rack is cut from a thick sheet according to a template. Mounting holes are drilled on the rack.
- A paw of a flat cutter is cut from a thin sheet. The paw is bent according to the template on the anvil according to the drawing. The element of the plane cutter is assembled with rivets or welded into a single unit.
- Frame blanks are cut from the profile pipe to fix the working body. A scheme for raising and lowering the frame is being worked out. Next, the hitch is welded, on which the elements of the plane cutters will be installed later.
- A diagram of attachment attachment to the tiller is made. The received data is transferred to the frame. Plates are made to fix the hitch. The performance for lifting and lowering is checked. All products are painted with 2 in 1 primer enamel to protect against corrosion.
Attachments are tested in the field. If necessary, adjustments are made to improve performance.
Do-it-yourself attachments for a tiller
With the purchase of a tiller, the user has a desire to use it in all household chores for a summer residence, a vegetable garden, etc. Some strive to immediately purchase the maximum possible set of attachments for a tiller, others buy only a minimum row, gradually purchasing the rest. The third category of owners is taken for the independent manufacture of devices and additional devices with their own hands. Sometimes they are in many ways superior to what the industry has to offer.
DIY potato planter for a tiller
The potato planter mechanizes the work of sowing potatoes. This attachment consists of:
- bunker where the seed is concentrated;
- a dispenser in the form of a drum rotating together with the wheels of the tiller, it grabs the potatoes and directs them into the seed pipe;
- a seed tube that directs seeds into the soil;
- a ripper that creates a seed furrow in the soil;
- disc hillers completing the potato sowing operation.
There are many different designs of potato planters. The craftsmen use the containers they have for the bunker, select options for manufacturing the dispenser using plywood. In some planters, the air stream accelerates the movement of the planting tubers into the soil. There are very simple designs, in which plywood discs replace several actuators at once for dosing and placing potatoes in the furrow. Many homemade authors have invented original attachments.
To make a potato planter for a tiller, you will need:
- thin sheet galvanized steel;
- shaped pipes for forming the body of attachments;
- strip steel with a thickness of 4-5 mm;
- small rolled corner.
Disc cultivator for tiller
One of the most popular types of attachments for a tiller during the summer care period is the cultivator. You can make a do-it-yourself polisher for a tiller:
- following the example of a classic cultivator in the form of a trailed ripper;
- in the form of disc hillers used for processing root crops.
The processing technology provides for the passage of the tiller between two rows of crops or when using a multi-box cultivator of three or even four rows.
Ripper hiller can have several types of tools installed in one body:
- two double-moldboard plow-flat cutters;
- 2 disc harrows for the formation of ridges;
- two discs for plant protection.
Do-it-yourself plant protection discs for a tiller are usually made of sheet steel. Depending on the purpose of the device to which they will be applied, their diameter is calculated. For cutters, usually the diameter is less than the cutters by 5-7 cm, and for a cultivator, they should be 30-35 cm in diameter. It is just that during milling, the plant area usually has a small height. But cultivation is carried out when the plants reach significant growth, and their breakdown at this stage can result in the death of the vegetable crop.
Medium-sized discs can be universal, with a diameter of 20-25 cm.At the same time, it is necessary to provide for a universal type of attachment to each type of attachment.
Homemade tiller attachments
This approach to the formation of a fleet of agricultural machinery makes it possible to take into account all possible features of both the site and the owner himself in the process of designing and assembling inventory.
The equipment under development for the unit is conventionally divided into equipment:
- universal purpose;
- highly specialized focus;
- auxiliary equipment and devices to simplify the management of the tiller.
The universal means include, first of all, adapters and various types of trailers, making the tiller a universal transport platform both for transporting goods and as a convenient vehicle. Some models of tilers are capable of speeds up to 25 km per hour. Although the comfort of a mini tractor is still far from here, you no longer have to walk.
Highly specialized types of equipment are most often designed to perform only 1 or a maximum of 2 operations. However, these are the most demanded tools from the point of view of consumer qualities for high-quality soil cultivation, performing operations for the care of crops, preparing forage, and even used in construction. In part, it should be noted that among special-purpose homemade products, relatively simple types of tools prevail. plows, cutters, hillers. This is something that can be done from scrap materials and using the simplest power tool. But more complex elements are made using units from other equipment.
And, of course, what makes it easier to control. a counterweight on the tiller, wheel weights and anti-slip chains, all this allows you to work with the unit all year round.
Tillage tools. a plow and a plow for a tiller with your own hands
Before you make a hitch on a tiller for tillage, you should decide what is more important and prioritize in terms of the technique of processing the site. For large areas used for planting potatoes, root crops, grain crops, the best option would be a do-it-yourself plow for a tiller. To make it simpler and easier. But for beds for vegetable crops, for processing strips between the rows of a garden or final processing for planting, it is better to make a cutter. This will greatly facilitate further work.
With the ready hitch on the tiller, the most difficult thing in the manufacture of the plow is its shape. The body has a shape that is difficult to form and therefore it is better to make a plow from several components. It is better to make a do-it-yourself opener for a tiller of steel. The great force that this element will experience should not lead to its deformation. over, it is the opener that is responsible for the plow lowering depth.
The plow share must be as hard as possible. This is the part of the plow that cuts into the ground and cuts through its seam. The strength and power of this element will allow you to work with a plow both in the conditions of arable land, and to do preliminary processing of virgin lands. Despite the complexity of the blade design, it is quite simple to make it. For a curved blade, it is better to take a ready-made round or oval blank. Make a dump from it according to the drawing. Craftsmen for this usually use large pipes from 350 mm in diameter or gas cylinders. At the same time, the blade turns out to be almost perfect.
One of the questions of how to make a plow for a tiller will be the manufacture of a field board. a stabilizing element for a plow that sets the direction of its movement when working on arable land.
A do-it-yourself plow for a tiller, just like a plow, is assembled from several elements. True, for the use of the plow in soil cultivation, it is better to provide a dump from the reinforcement, so that during the cultivation the soil looses as much as possible when the seam turns. In the design of the plow, it is better to provide not a frontal dump, but a double-sided dump with reinforcing rods.
Universal trailer for tiller
The presence of a trailer provides mobility, because it is one thing to drive a tiller with already installed units, another when a plow, cutter or potato planter is simply loaded onto a trailer and transported by the tiller itself.
It is necessary to calculate the parameters of trailed equipment for a tiller based on its power, the principle here is simple. 1 liter. from. means the ability to transport 100 kg of payload on a trolley. The simplest and most reliable scheme is a single-axle trailer with a central axle load. And although the carrying capacity of such a trailer is small, only up to 500 kg, this is quite enough to install a seat on the trailer and operate the tiller sitting on the trailer.
The most difficult thing here is to select the necessary components. It is easiest to use ready-made parts. For example, a do-it-yourself hub for a tiller is made from an automobile, for passenger cars. This allows the use of standard vehicle wheels and tires for the equipment of the unit. On the other hand, the hub from the VAZ classics is perfect for making other useful homemade products. lugs, winches, wheel weights.
For the trailer, a rectangular pipe structure is mainly used, but both a channel and an I-beam can be used as a frame base. It is better to provide for the sides for the trailer removable. It is preferable to immediately provide for the possibility of installing several types of boards on the platform:
- wooden or metal for the transportation of bulk cargo;
- lightweight, mesh for the preparation of green mass for animals;
- folding, with the possibility of increasing the usable area for hay transportation.
But in order to move comfortably on the roads, it is worth making wings for the tiller. If possible, immediately install mud flaps on them. After all, not all roads have asphalt and hard surface.
a trailer with a trailer can not be called a vehicle according to the law, today it is impossible, but this does not mean that the trailer should not be equipped with light signaling means.
Be sure to install at least 4 reflective elements on the trailer. 2 red at the rear and 2 white at the front. This will help the driver identify the vehicle in the dark.
Homemade products for tiller
The question of where to start designing attachments for tilers is quite reasonable. The fact is that almost all tillers are equipped with trailers of a factory sample, designed to use standard types of equipment. It is necessary to clarify that it is the standard equipment that does not meet the needs of buyers. the trailed systems turn out to be too delicate and fragile when used in harsh operating conditions.
For domestic tillers, trailers are mainly made of steel by a welded method, but for mass Chinese production, it is mainly cast iron, or an alloy of metals. It is clear that for one body plow, even the most powerful cast iron adapter will not withstand.
Because the first thing that needs to be created is a do-it-yourself plow trailed to the tiller. Here, it is better to take the standard scheme as the basis for the design. the adapter is a hinge with the ability to fix the plow in different positions, which is especially convenient for plowing small areas when a plow is used with both left and right blade.
The adapter itself is recommended to be made with the possibility of fixing not only in the vertical, but also in the horizontal planes using lanyards and bolted connections.
This option will help to use it for plowing, and for hilling, and for installing a seat adapter for a mower or a rake for turning hay in hayfields.
Tiller attachments. improvement and modernization of the main working bodies
DIY tiller cutter
Tiller attachments in the form of a ground cutter can be used mainly for light and medium machines. For heavy models with a separate power take-off and the transmission of torque to trailed implements for the tiller, the milling cutters with a chain drive are optimal.
The simplest cutters for loosening the soil can be four segment reciprocating cutters. Structurally, such a cutter is a pipe on which reciprocating cutters are rigidly planted. For medium and light units, the axle shafts for the tiller are made collapsible. This allows you to adjust the width and speed of soil cultivation. If two segments are installed on each side of the gearbox, the processing speed is significantly higher. True, the width in this case will be small. For axle shafts of two or even four elements, the working width can be increased up to 1.5 meters.
Do-it-yourself attachments for the tiller are made from a profile pipe. The profile is easier to install on the wheel reducer. And it is much easier and easier to articulate them when building up.
It is enough just to insert them into each other and secure with pins. Do-it-yourself half-shafts for a tiller are made from a square or hexagonal pipe with thick walls. For 1 set of cutters you will need:
- pipes for the semi-axle body with a wall thickness of 2.5-3 mm and a length of 50-80 cm;
- for connecting pipe segments of a smaller diameter 50-60 cm long;
- 8 saber elements for the working body;
- semiaxis clamps. 4 pieces;
The cutters themselves are recommended to be made from steel strip with a thickness of 5 mm or more. The best solution for making cutters is to use forged metal. In this case, the strength is higher and there is no need to frequently sharpen the tool. It is recommended to use, when developing the shape of a cutter for a tiller with your own hands, the drawings of the most successful models. a saber, curved or cutter with a triangular pointed element.
Among the necessary improvements to the tiller in the form of attachments, it is recommended to make, in addition to all of the above, the following elements:
- wheels with grousers for work on loose soil;
- snow bucket attachment.
For wheel designs used as tiller propellers on arable land, wheels with rubber tires are used. How to make wheels for a tiller with grousers yourself will tell you experience and the ability to work with ready-made structures, for example, with steel wheels from car wheels.
For this you need:
- 2 steel discs from a car;
- corners 25×25 cm;
- electric welding;
- Angle Grinder;
- tape measure and pencil.
The corner is cut into segments of 35-40 cm. The rims of the disc are marked into equal segments. It is best if there are 8 or 10. Marks are made and corners are welded in places of marks.
It is better to make a do-it-yourself lift for a tiller from a piece of pipe with a diameter of 100 mm. The lift itself is made in the form of a roller on the bracket. If necessary, it changes its position and makes it possible to raise the tiller on a support. In the normal position, the lifting shaft is in front of the machine and is used as a support roller when overcoming ditches and potholes.
It is recommended to assemble a bucket for a tiller with your own hands if you plan to use it as a snowblower.
The bucket can be made:
- made of sheet metal with a thickness of 1.5-2 mm;
- hard plastic with a knife at the bottom of a metal strip;
- made of plywood 8-10 mm thick or OSB 10-12 mm.
The bucket is rigidly fixed to the tiller frame. To facilitate the work, you can make a rotary device to change the angle of inclination of the cutting plane to the road surface.
In order for the bucket to work for a long time, a support ski is carried out in front of the bracket. This will make cleaning more secure. The cutting surface will be at a certain height above the ground and not touching the ground.
It is possible to improve home motor vehicles to fit your requirements without high costs. After all, attachments for the tiller can be assembled independently, having done everything by hand.