How to make unlockers for a tiller

Useful Tips

After assembling the structure, you need to test it. They check: how the blades carry the snow along with them, how the wheels go, whether the runners are catching. In order for a self-assembled car to serve as long as possible, it is recommended to take into account several useful tips:

  • Even during assembly, safety bolts should be used to help prevent dense snow and ice from getting inside the mechanism.
  • It is especially important to carefully approach the choice of bearings. they provide the reliability of the design.
  • The belt drive is more practical, because if a hard object hits, it will simply jam. It’s also easy to disassemble and replace.
  • After each cleaning, it is better to store the tiller in a room with a positive temperature. Then there is no need to additionally warm up the engine, which takes extra time.
  • Serving your car is easy. One of the requirements is the regular oil change in the gearbox. In winter, you need to use only liquid, loose oil, because in the cold it will quickly thicken.

The device and principle of operation of a snow blower for a tiller

The device for a snow blower for a tiller is quite simple, so you can make it yourself. The energy source is a gasoline engine that rotates the auger. The mechanism breaks the snow mass, and the rotor blades rake it under themselves and push it through a special passage. a branch pipe. Thanks to this, the snow can be thrown aside for several meters.

The operator holds the machine by the comfortable handles and pushes it forward. Smooth running is provided by a pair of wheels on tires with a relief surface. By gradually moving the snow blower forward, the operator clears the entire area of ​​snow.

The schematic diagram of the device can be represented in the form of a figure, in which the numbers indicate:
  • Auger drive.
  • Track drive.
  • Drive belt.
  • Parasitic roller (to ensure the reverse of the machine).
  • Intermediate shaft.
  • Belt tension roller (for forward movement).

make, unlockers, tiller

A home-made snow removal unit is in demand, since in many regions the winters are quite snowy

In practice, four variants of the snow blower are used. All of them can be designed at home:

  • Adapter unit.
  • Snow plow.
  • Fan.
  • Screw-ventilator.

Homemade snow blower for a tiller with your own hands

To create a snow blower for a tiller, first of all, you need to think over all the structural elements and develop a drawing. After that, they carry out the assembly according to the scheme with their own hands and test the finished device.

Fan-auger (combined) snow blower

This tiller snow blower consists of the following elements:

  • Auger. pipe with two trunnions.
  • Rotor with steel blades 3-4 mm.
  • The body is a metal box that can be welded by hand.
  • Ejection pipe made of metal sheets with a curved head.

Combination unit helps to get rid of even packed snow.

tiller with adapter

A simple snow model based on an adapter and a tiller will help you quickly clear the surrounding area

A snow removal nozzle is mounted to the unit. it is pre-designed by hand. A metal sheet with sharp edges is used to make a knife.

The main elements need to be cut out of steel and then welded. A snow knife is mounted from the bottom. The next stage is the assembly of the blade to the main block. It should be fixed with rods and a bracket. After that, the rods are attached and brought out to the operator’s handle through the ears.

Snow plow for tiller

Another simple option for a snow blower is a unit with a screw (rotary) mechanism. It consists of several main elements:

  • screw;
  • shaft;
  • pipe (branch pipe) for ejection of the snow mass;
  • open metal box;
  • reducer (optional);
  • sprocket with chain. transmission mechanism.

This snow blower is made independently on the basis of metal pipes and steel sheets. First, the box is welded, its lower edges are bent to make smooth runners. In the middle of the shaft, a grip is welded from U-shaped bent plates, which should “look” in opposite directions at an angle of 180 degrees.

A screw is fixed to them, on each side of which there are two rings. In this case, the end of one is welded to the beginning of the other. A hole is cut on the back of the gripper, through which a pipe for removing snow is suitable. It is also welded, and the upper head is bent to the side.

A schematic diagram of a snow plow will help you understand the installation of the structure

Required materials and tools

To create a snow plow attachment to the tiller with your own hands, you will need the following parts, tools and materials:

  • gasoline engine (from the “Neva” chainsaw or another model);
  • gas tank;
  • steel or duralumin sheets;
  • metal corner (for the frame);
  • plywood;
  • chain with sprockets;
  • pipes (for the handle);
  • welding machine;
  • angle grinder;
  • lathe;
  • pliers;
  • jigsaw;
  • spanners;
  • fastener.

How to make a snow blower for a tiller with your own hands

A do-it-yourself snow blower for a tiller is quite easy to design at home. The engine from a chainsaw is taken as a basis. You will also need a metal case with runners, a screw mechanism and a pipe for removing snow.

  • The device and principle of operation of a snow blower for a tiller
  • tiller with adapter
  • Snow plow for tiller
  • Fan (rotary) snow blower
  • Fan-auger (combined) snow blower
  • Homemade snow blower for a tiller with your own hands
  • Required materials and tools
  • Snow blower drawings for tiller
  • Step-by-step manufacturing instructions
  • Useful Tips
  • Conclusion

DIY unlockers for the tiller

Axle extension

It is better to use the bolt connecting the components of the extension with a head for an internal hexagon and mill a groove with a width equal to its outer diameter.

In this case, firstly, there are no protruding parts capable of winding grass around themselves, and secondly, the bolt tightened to the stop will not loosen over time.

The gap between the bushing and the extension shaft must not be made too small, since they will touch each other if corrosion occurs. It is highly desirable to place a grease fitting on the sleeve for CIP lubrication of the structure.

The more complex pivoting hub design can also be made from mild steel as it welds easily.

READ  How To DIY A Tiller Harrow

Finishing of the bearing bores in the hub must be done after the flange and steering angle stop have been welded to it due to the inevitable warping of the part during welding.

The invested labor costs will quickly pay off by facilitating the operation of the tiller.

How to make it easier to turn a tiller

Field sprayer manufacturing

A homemade sprayer for a tiller is necessary in cases where the area of ​​cultivated crops exceeds 20 acres. It is very difficult to do such work manually, it can take a whole day. Mechanizing this process will save a lot of time and effort.

To make a sprayer you will need:

  • welding machine;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • level;
  • electric drill;
  • soldering iron for polypropylene pipes;
  • shaped or round water pipes;
  • plastic or steel barrel with a capacity of 80-100 liters;
  • wide pneumatic wheels;
  • plastic pipes;
  • rubber hose;
  • nozzles or nipples from wheel tubes.

The assembly of a homemade sprayer is carried out in the following sequence:

  • Frame manufacturing. Its dimensions are adjusted to the size of the container. The chassis is attached to the frame. For good cross-country ability, at least 4 wheels are required. In the absence of wheels, wide skids are made of aluminum.
  • The container is installed and fixed on the frame. For this, spacers and ties are used. Holes are made in the tank for the supply of high pressure hoses. The filler neck is sealed.
  • A bracket for the pump is being manufactured. A model is selected that works from a power take-off shaft (belt drive) or from electricity (tiller generator).
  • The watering system is being assembled. A durable holder is made of steel profiles. Plastic pipes are attached to it with clamps or plastic ties. Overpressure relief valve and nozzles are being installed.
  • All parts are connected together, the quality of the fasteners is checked, the tightness of the joints. The tank is filled with water, the unit is tested in various modes, the final adjustment and adjustment is carried out.

A self-made sprayer will fully justify the effort invested in the first season. Thanks to this device, spraying and watering the garden will be done quickly and efficiently.

DIY unlockers for the tiller

Power distribution options

Structurally, the simplest way to solve the problem arising from the rigid coupling of the wheels is to use overrunning clutches, which allow the wheel to rotate faster than the axle driving it.

Improvement of the undercarriage

The first thing that tiller users think about is how to make a cart with a seat for it. The use of equipment in a normal mode with the use of levers involves the application of great physical efforts. However, the use of a trailer reduces the stability of the vehicle. This problem can be eliminated by expanding the wheelbase. This is done using extension cords that are attached to the axle shaft with pins or bolts. Having solved the problem with stability, the operator is faced with another question: the unit is poorly controlled. The tiller differential helps give it good maneuverability. This device is made by analogy with the nodes of cars. Homemade unlockers for tiller are made using ordinary household tools. an angle grinder, welding and a grinder.

The low weight of the tiller is the reason for the poor grip of the wheels. Slipping is common when picking up virgin soil, working on wet ground, or driving on snow. To avoid slippage, weights are attached to the tillers.

These devices are categorized as follows:

  • Wheeled. They are discs that are mounted on wheels or hubs. Discs are made monolithic from metal, concrete or hollow, filled with sand. The weight of the wheel weights can be 30-70kg.
  • External. They are made of any heavy material (steel, lead, concrete). Attached to the body with hooks or bolts. Some craftsmen weld a frame from a corner to the body. Sandbags, bricks, scrap metal and other heavy objects are placed in it.

You can improve the permeability of the tiller by installing lugs. The easiest way to make lugs is to make a rim from a strip of metal and weld the blades onto it. The rim diameter should be larger than the rims and smaller than the tires. Fitting the rim is carried out with the tires flat. After the lug is installed, the wheel is inflated.

You can improve the transmission by installing a homemade variator on the engine. The system of belts and discs will allow you to smoothly change the speed of the unit, without jerking and vibration.

Tiller blade

The dump is a necessary device that is needed at any time of the year. The front knife is used to clean snow, plan the area, dig holes and move bulk materials. Such equipment for the Neva tiller is of good quality, but not everyone can afford it. Do-it-yourself dumps require minimal financial investment. By installing the front knife on the Neva tiller, you can solve many household tasks. With levers and hydraulics, a homemade shovel can also be used as a loader.

To make a blade, you will need the following tools:

  • roulette;
  • welding machine;
  • electric drill;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • spanners;
  • acrylic paint;
  • barrel 200 l;
  • reinforced rubber;
  • sheet steel 5 mm;
  • profile pipe 40×20 mm;
  • paint and brush;
  • bolts and ties.

Before making a dump, it is necessary to calculate the correspondence of the power of the tiller to the size of the bucket. Excessive loading leads to rapid wear of parts and mechanisms of the unit. Depending on the weight and power of the machine, shovels are made 60-100 cm wide and 20-30 cm high.

DIY snow removal homemade products for the tiller are made in the following sequence:

  • Marking the barrel, sawing it into 3 identical parts vertically. Cutting 1 piece into strips 5 cm wide.
  • Fastening 2 blanks with bitumen and rivets. Aligning the edges of the product. Bucket reinforcement with transverse struts.
  • Fastening of sheet metal strips along the edges of the shovel. This is done with welding or bolts.
  • Drilling bolt holes. Attaching a rubber strip to the bottom of the bucket.
  • Shovel hitch making. It is done by attaching a piece of pipe and a semicircle of sheet metal to the blade by welding. Holes are made on the sector to adjust the angle of attack. A self-made snow removal device is attached to the tiller bracket with an adapter from a profile pipe.
READ  How to Make Trimming From a Circular

The finished product needs to be cleaned and painted. All bolted connections must be lubricated regularly to prevent corrosion.

Overrunning clutches

This mechanism is well known in all its variations: both with a ratchet mechanism (bicycle wheel hub) and with roller wedging (electric starter bendix).

Overrunning clutches are also used in the power drive of a number of vehicles with connected axles. However, such a solution has a characteristic feature: when cornering, the overrunning clutch is disconnected at the wheel running along the outer radius, since it tends to rotate faster than the drive shaft.

To facilitate entry into a turn, on the contrary, most of the torque should be imparted to him.

This problem is solved in the classic gear differential, which distributes power inversely with the resistance to rotation of the wheels.

But it is also much more difficult to manufacture, and also requires forced full or partial blocking off-road, since otherwise it redistributes all the power to the skidding wheel.

Field sprayer manufacturing

A homemade sprayer for a tiller is necessary in cases where the area of ​​cultivated crops exceeds 20 acres. It is very difficult to do such work manually, it can take a whole day. Mechanizing this process will save a lot of time and effort.

Tiller Tine Types

To make a sprayer you will need:

  • welding machine;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • level;
  • electric drill;
  • soldering iron for polypropylene pipes;
  • shaped or round water pipes;
  • plastic or steel barrel with a capacity of 80-100 liters;
  • wide pneumatic wheels;
  • plastic pipes;
  • rubber hose;
  • nozzles or nipples from wheel tubes.

The assembly of a homemade sprayer is carried out in the following sequence:

  • Frame manufacturing. Its dimensions are adjusted to the size of the container. The chassis is attached to the frame. For good cross-country ability, at least 4 wheels are required. In the absence of wheels, wide skids are made of aluminum.
  • The container is installed and fixed on the frame. For this, spacers and ties are used. Holes are made in the tank for the supply of high pressure hoses. The filler neck is sealed.
  • A bracket for the pump is being manufactured. A model is selected that works from a power take-off shaft (belt drive) or from electricity (tiller generator).
  • The watering system is being assembled. A durable holder is made of steel profiles. Plastic pipes are attached to it with clamps or plastic ties. Overpressure relief valve and nozzles are being installed.
  • All parts are connected together, the quality of the fasteners is checked, the tightness of the joints. The tank is filled with water, the unit is tested in various modes, the final adjustment and adjustment is carried out.

A self-made sprayer will fully justify the effort invested in the first season. Thanks to this device, spraying and watering the garden will be done quickly and efficiently.

What homemade products for a tiller can you do yourself

Homemade products for the tiller are invented and manufactured by almost all owners of this technique. The purpose of these actions is to expand the functionality of the unit with minimal financial investment. In the basic configuration, the cultivator has extremely limited capabilities. Installing various options on it can turn a small car into a full-fledged mini-tractor. Often, home-made devices are in no way inferior to factory-made counterparts. In order to improve the tiller with your own hands, a set of tools that are available in every workshop of a country house or summer cottage is quite enough. The materials you need can be found in a junkyard, in a barn, or at a scrap metal collection point.

Axle extension

It is better to use the bolt connecting the components of the extension with a head for an internal hexagon and mill a groove with a width equal to its outer diameter.

In this case, firstly, there are no protruding parts capable of winding grass around themselves, and secondly, the bolt tightened to the stop will not loosen over time.

The gap between the bushing and the extension shaft must not be made too small, since they will touch each other if corrosion occurs. It is highly desirable to place a grease fitting on the sleeve for CIP lubrication of the structure.

The more complex pivoting hub design can also be made from mild steel as it welds easily.

Finishing of the bearing bores in the hub must be done after the flange and steering angle stop have been welded to it due to the inevitable warping of the part during welding.

The invested labor costs will quickly pay off by facilitating the operation of the tiller.

Improvement of the undercarriage

The first thing that tiller users think about is how to make a cart with a seat for it. The use of equipment in a normal mode with the use of levers involves the application of great physical efforts. However, the use of a trailer reduces the stability of the vehicle. This problem can be eliminated by expanding the wheelbase. This is done using extension cords that are attached to the axle shaft with pins or bolts. Having solved the problem with stability, the operator is faced with another question: the unit is poorly controlled. The tiller differential helps give it good maneuverability. This device is made by analogy with the nodes of cars. Homemade unlockers for tiller are made using ordinary household tools. an angle grinder, welding and a grinder.

The low weight of the tiller is the reason for the poor grip of the wheels. Slipping is common when picking up virgin soil, working on wet ground, or driving on snow. To avoid slippage, weights are attached to the tillers.

These devices are categorized as follows:

  • Wheeled. They are discs that are mounted on wheels or hubs. Discs are made monolithic from metal, concrete or hollow, filled with sand. The weight of the wheel weights can be 30-70kg.
  • External. They are made of any heavy material (steel, lead, concrete). Attached to the body with hooks or bolts. Some craftsmen weld a frame from a corner to the body. Sandbags, bricks, scrap metal and other heavy objects are placed in it.
READ  DIY Tiller Hex Trumpet

You can improve the permeability of the tiller by installing lugs. The easiest way to make lugs is to make a rim from a strip of metal and weld the blades onto it. The rim diameter should be larger than the rims and smaller than the tires. Fitting the rim is carried out with the tires flat. After the lug is installed, the wheel is inflated.

You can improve the transmission by installing a homemade variator on the engine. The system of belts and discs will allow you to smoothly change the speed of the unit, without jerking and vibration.

How to make a homemade differential for a tiller with your own hands. drawings

How to make a differential for a tiller with your own hands? As a rule, the operation of a tiller does not require a long rotation of the wheel relative to the drive axle.

Due to this, often called “semi-differential” schemes are common, which provide the ability to freely rotate the wheel about the axis at a certain angle.

For more details on the “half-differential” see

The simplest mechanism in this case looks like a bushing with a transverse slot attached to the tiller axis. A short axle is inserted inside this bushing, secured from falling out by a bolt wrapped in its body through a slot, and a wheel is attached directly to the axle.

At the same time, when the tiller moves, the drive axle turns the bushing freely until the rear edge of the slot rests against the bolt, and then transmits torque through it to the axle.

Soil cultivation is one of the main agrotechnical measures, which is an obligatory part of the annual soil cultivation regime. By clicking on the link, get acquainted with the convenient and practical Loplos cultivator.

The snowmobile allows you to quickly and comfortably move through the snow from one point to another, while also carrying a passenger or any cargo. Here are the lineup and of Yamaha snowmobiles 2016.

The quality of the grown products, their productivity, and, ultimately, the return on financial and physical investments depend on the timely and high-quality use of special means when growing a crop. Here you will learn how to make a sprayer with your own hands.

During the turn, the wheel, trying to overtake the drive, moves the bolt forward along the slot, breaking the transmission of torque, and the angle of easy rotation of the tiller depends on the length of the slot.

Such extension cords are extremely simple and can be made by unskilled machine operators, and therefore are cheap and widespread. Usually they are made with several additional holes, allowing you to vary the tiller track width and rigidly connect the wheel to the drive axle if necessary.

How to make a Cultivator Mini Tiller with 49cc 2-Stroke Engine

Blueprints of these homemade differentials are widespread on the internet.

The disadvantage of the described design is the relatively small possible angle of free rotation of the wheel (no more than 240 degrees), since the transverse groove greatly reduces the overall strength of the mechanism, and high internal friction, especially when dirt is inevitable inside the hub.

Freewheel extensions are most commonly used on light tillers like the Niva.

Differential for tillers Salyut and the likes of Texas, Foreman, Viking, Forza, Sadko, Don, Huter, Profi, having a relatively large mass, has a slightly more complex design, but also a larger freewheel angle. within 330 degrees.

This is ensured by the fact that the engagement is carried out by protrusions on the drive axle extension and on a freely rotating hub fixed thereon, equipped with ball bearings. Accordingly, the hub can make almost a full revolution about the axis until it rests against the opposite edge of the protrusion.

It is noticeably easier to deploy a tiller with such differentials.

A number of designs allow the wheels to rotate freely about the axis and more than one revolution. For example, the Farmer tiller differential consists of two clutches controlled by levers on the steering wheel.

If necessary, the owner of the tiller can disengage the desired clutch, allowing the corresponding wheel to rotate as long as desired.

Reducing unit noise

Even the most modern and expensive cultivators make a lot of noise during operation, especially at high speeds. This factor greatly tires the operator and can serve as a reason for the deterioration of relations with neighbors. A homemade muffler will help to solve the problem. This is a task that is within the reach of any craftsman with initial skills in handling iron.

In order to make a muffler for a tiller with your own hands, you will need the following tools and materials:

  • roulette;
  • welding machine;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • electric drill;
  • hammer;
  • aluminum clamp;
  • stainless steel 2 mm thick;
  • metal shavings.

Having collected everything you need, you can begin to improve the exhaust system.

This is done in the following sequence:

  • Make 2 tubes of oval section from stainless steel. The diameter of the pipes should differ by 1-1.5 cm. Fasten the pipe joints with a welding machine.
  • In a pipe with a smaller diameter, make a maximum number of holes with a diameter of 8 mm. Wrap it with metal shavings. Coil up the shavings with steel wire.
  • Insert the smaller pipe into the larger one. Fix them in position with steel bars and welding.
  • Attach the muffler to the exhaust pipe and secure with a hose clamp.

The noise level after such an improvement will decrease several times. The service life of a homemade muffler will be at least 5 years. So, being content with little, you can significantly improve the conditions for agricultural and other work using a tiller.