How to pour oil into the gearbox of a motor cultivator

How much to fill?

Another important point is the amount of oil required. Before answering the question. how much oil needs to be poured into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor, for example, Crossser, VIKING, Forza, Sadko, Don, Huter, Profi, LANDER, Champion, Carver, you must first check the oil level in the gearbox. To do this, you need to perform certain actions:

  • It is necessary to place the uniaxial tractor on a flat surface so that its wings are strictly parallel to this surface.
  • We take a wire or rod about 70 cm long, which will act as an oil dipstick.
  • We bend the improvised probe into an arc.
  • We insert the resulting probe into the filler hole to the very end, i.e. all the way. After that we take it back out.

If the wire is 30 cm in oil, then this is the optimal indicator, i.e. no need to add oil. If a little less, then it is necessary to top up within the given values.

If the gearbox is dry at all, then at least two liters of transmission oil will be needed.

Changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor: what and how much to fill in the gearbox

The presence of a walk-behind tractor in a personal household can hardly surprise anyone, because this technical device has been known since Soviet times. Thanks to him, it became possible to quickly and efficiently cultivate the soil, which used to take quite a long time, and also took a lot of effort.

However, in order for your single-axle tractor, as they say, to serve you faithfully, regularly plowing the land and performing its other functions, you need to operate it correctly.

In particular, you need to know how much oil to fill in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor so that it works in optimal mode, and its parts are not erased from the lack of the necessary lubrication.

In principle, all the necessary information, as a rule, is indicated in the operating instructions for a specific model of the walk-behind tractor, where the brands and grades of recommended oils are directly indicated.

However, there are times when a single-axle tractor is purchased by hand, or in another way, but the point is that such walk-behind tractors are supplied mainly without any instructions.

A person may be at a loss, not knowing what kind of oil is poured into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor, so it will be useful for him to know about its main types, as well as the methods of pouring into a uniaxial tractor.

What kind of oil is poured

Many people are interested in what kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor? To answer this question, you need to take into account several factors, the main of which is the manufacturer’s recommendation regarding the type of oil.

It is also necessary to be guided by the price, without buying very cheap liquids, because they are unlikely to be of proper quality.

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In general, oils can be of various types:

  • SAE. These types of oils cope very well with sudden changes in temperature, so they can be used all year round.
  • The selection process is as follows: you need to look at the number that is in front of the letter W. a lower value will indicate that the oil is very well adapted to low temperatures (the smallest is 0W). If the letter W is not on the label, then this oil is suitable for the summer period.
  • API. In this case, the letters in the marking will indicate the type of engine. gasoline or diesel. Accordingly, a certain letter will say that the oil is suitable for gasoline units, and the other for diesel.
  • The numbers will talk about the type of engine, i.e. number 4 means oil should be used for a 4-stroke engine, etc. The EC value is the degree to which energy is saved, i.e. the higher the value, the better the oil.
  • ASEA. The largest number in the labeling will indicate that the oil can function in very difficult conditions.
  • GOST 17479, 1-85. These indicators characterize the degree of viscosity of the oil. As a rule, after this parameter, alphabetic and numeric values ​​are written, and their absence indicates that the oil is universal.

How to pour oil into the gearbox of a walk-behind tractor

Before pouring new oil into the gearbox, the old fluid must be drained. It is in this way that the oil in the gearbox of the Salute walk-behind tractor is carried out, the video of which can be found on the Internet, as well as other models of walk-behind tractors.

The algorithm of actions, in this case, will be as follows:

  • a single-axle tractor must be installed on a hill so that the oil can be easily drained from the gearbox.
  • There are two plugs on the gearbox. a drain plug, which is located at the bottom of the gearbox, and a plug that closes the oil filling hole. We first unscrew the filler plug, which is located on top of the walk-behind tractor body (at the checkpoint).
  • We take a sufficiently capacious container (an old bottle of transmission oil is suitable), after which we substitute it under the drain plug of the gearbox.
  • Gently unscrew the drain plug, after which the oil will begin to flow into our container. After waiting for the oil to drain completely, we screw the drain plug back. Then we tighten with a spanner wrench of a suitable diameter until it stops.
  • We insert the funnel into the filling hole. Then we take a suitable gear oil in order to fill the gearbox.
  • After filling the gearbox to the optimal level, we screw the plug back. This plug is equipped with a special dipstick, and its length is about 10 cm. After we have filled in the oil, we need to check its level. To do this, we twist this plug-probe, after which we unscrew it again and check.
  • If the oil is at the tip of this dipstick, then there is no need to top up any more.

As a rule, the oil change procedure must be performed every 100 hours of operation of the walk-behind tractor. In some cases, this procedure must be performed every 50 hours.

In other words, the frequency of oil change depends on the model of the walk-behind tractor, therefore, all the necessary information is in the accompanying documentation for the walk-behind tractor.

Transmission oils for filling gasoline and diesel motoblocks

As for the gearbox, gear oils must be used to fill it. For example, semi-synthetic oil ZIC 10W40, designed for gasoline and diesel motoblocks, would be a good choice. API indicator. SM / CF, ACEA. A3 / B3, A3 / B4, C3.

Sold, as a rule, in a 4-liter container,

Another worthy oil is Super T-3 85W-90 from Gazpromneft. Its technical data will be as follows:

  • API indicator. GL-5;
  • viscosity grade. 85W90;
  • temperature indicator of loss of fluidity –.280C;
  • flash point. 2170C;
  • package length. 270 mm;
  • packing width. 130 mm;
  • packing height. 240 mm.

HONDA HARMONY Mini Tiller Maintenance : TRANSMISSION LUBRICATION

This gear oil is also available in a 4 liter container.,

This is not the whole list of oils that can be poured into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor. In principle, any person who is familiar with the basic parameters of the oil can independently determine what is needed for his walk-behind tractor.

Device

The gearbox is a special device included in the design of any walk-behind tractor. It is this part that is responsible for converting and transmitting the torque that is generated from mechanical transmissions. In fact, the gearbox drives the single-axle tractor, making it work.

The operational life of the entire walk-behind tractor, as well as its normal functioning, will depend on its quality, as well as on the correct lubrication of its components.

For more information on the reducer, see

Depending on the model of the walk-behind tractor, be it Caiman, Patriot Ural, Patriot, Texas, Foreman or any other, the gearboxes may differ in some design features. Conventionally, gearboxes can be divided into several types:

  • Gear reducers. In this case, the gearbox transmission acts as a kind of intermediary between the engine and the wheelbase of the walk-behind tractor.
  • Reducing gears. These units achieve an increase in power indicators, reducing the total number of revolutions. Such gearboxes are the most preferable because they have an air cooling system in their design, which allows them to work at maximum loads.
  • Reverse gearboxes. The main advantage of such gearboxes is the ability to reverse the walk-behind tractor. However, units equipped with this type of gearbox do not show high performance and speeds.

Regardless of which gearbox is used in the construction of the walk-behind tractor, they all consist of almost the same components:

  • shaft;
  • gearbox housing;
  • flange and its fastening;
  • pulley with V-belt transmission (or chain);
  • ball bearing;
  • asterisks;
  • drain plug;
  • steel washer and nut;
  • input shaft.
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These components traditionally form the gear unit itself. How well they are lubricated will affect their performance and service life.

Otherwise, with insufficient lubrication, the parts will wear out a lot, because they come into contact with each other during operation, and the resulting friction negatively affects their surface.

Periodic oil change in the gearbox is extremely important not only because it is recommended by the manufacturer, but also for a variety of other reasons. In particular, during the operation of the walk-behind tractor, foreign metal particles are formed in the oil that is in the gearbox.

They arise from friction and contact of the components of the walk-behind tractor, which gradually crumble, and all this metal crumb gets into the oil. Thus, the oil begins to thicken, which leads to unstable operation of the walk-behind tractor, and in the future, to the failure of the gearbox.

That is why, timely oil change in the gearbox is a necessary preventive measure to avoid future repairs.

Indeed, it is much more logical to spend an amount within one thousand rubles on the purchase of transmission oil than to spend much more money for expensive repairs or a complete replacement of the gearbox.

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How to disassemble?

Lubricate the gearbox as thoroughly as possible. Even noise can be eliminated by making up for the lack of lubricants. But you should be as careful as possible to the choice of a suitable brand of lubricant, the use of contaminated formulations is unacceptable.

It should be borne in mind that extraneous sounds are often associated with poor tightening of fasteners, wear of bearings and gears. To disassemble the gearbox, you need:

  • remove it;
  • unscrew the screws;
  • remove the protective caps;
  • pull out the output shaft sleeve;
  • disconnect the lever and then the plug;
  • remove the input shaft (in close connection with the gears);
  • remove the shaft and chain bushings;
  • dismantle the shaft and sprocket block;
  • remove the intermediate shaft and gears;
  • remove the clutch, axle shafts (assembly is carried out in the reverse order).

How to change the oil in the gearbox of a motor cultivator

Maintenance of the gearbox of the Neva MK200 cultivator should be performed every 250 hours of operation. It is better to change the oil in the gearbox immediately after the work of the equipment, since during this period it is easier to drain the oil.

In order to change the oil in the gearbox of the motor cultivator, you should perform the following steps:

  • Place the cultivator in a vertical position
  • Place a container of at least 2 liters under the gearbox
  • Unscrew the breather plug, clean it from dirt
  • Unscrew the oil drain screw, drain the oil from the gearbox
  • After draining the oil, screw in the oil drain screw with gasket and tighten the screw. Dispose of oil at a waste oil collection point.
  • Fill in fresh gear oil of 1.15 liters of the appropriate grade and operating temperature through the hole for the breather plug
  • Screw in the breather plug.

What kind of oil must be poured into the gearbox

In the question of which oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor, the most reliable will be to rely on the manufacturer’s recommendations. They are set out in the instruction manual, and if it is lost, the text can be easily found on the Internet. In general, any gear oil can be used to lubricate the gearbox. It is undesirable to mix oils in order to avoid conflicts between additives. In rare cases, substances can, when mixed, turn the entire lubricant into an emulsion, which is fraught with damage to the gearbox or at least thorough flushing. Therefore, before adding new oil, you should check for the presence of the old.

Oil level

How to know if you need to add oil:

  • Place the single-axle tractor level on the ground or on a solid platform so that it is convenient to open the gearbox and fill in the lubricant. To do this, the gearbox must be in an inclined position.
  • Check the lubricant level. To do this, insert a probe or any suitable diameter metal rod 65-70 cm long into the hole on the gearbox. If the measurement result shows that there is at least 30 cm of fluid in the gearbox, no top-up is required.
  • If there is not enough liquid, add it to the desired level, checking with a dipstick.

It is advisable to check the oil level before each work shift, as well as inspect the gearbox housing for leaks. After work, measurements are not carried out, since some of the liquid ends up on the parts, and the result will be unreliable. This simple operation should not be neglected: lack of lubrication can lead to parts breakage.

For diesel engines

Diesel fuel contains a lot of sulfur and emits soot when burned. The lubricant for this type of motor must provide detergent properties and be resistant to oxidation. These properties are provided by special diesel additives. In addition, the oil in engines of this type needs to be changed more often, since it is quickly saturated with sulfur deposits, soot and oxidation products.

The device and the subtleties of operation of the cultivator gearbox

The cultivator gearbox is just as important as the engine or working parts. The widespread belief that this is just a passing detail is completely wrong. Let’s consider what criteria is better to choose a gear unit for a motor cultivator and how to use it correctly.

pour, gearbox, motor, cultivator

Changing the oil in the gearbox

Motoblocks “Neva”, as well as motor-cultivators MK100 and MK200 are equipped with mechanical gear-chain gearboxes housed in aluminum cases. The MK70 motor cultivator has a mechanical chain reducer in a steel case. In order for the gearbox to serve for a long time, it is necessary to regularly carry out maintenance of motor vehicles. For diagnostics and troubleshooting, please contact authorized service centers.

What kind of oil to fill in the transmission of the walk-behind tractor?

The transmission is complex and has many details. Therefore, it also requires a lubricant to prevent frequent breakdowns. What kind of oil to pour into the box of the walk-behind tractor is mainly chosen based on the degrees at which it is planned to use a single-axle tractor on the street.

If there is only a number on the package with oil, then this is an indicator of a positive temperature at the upper limit. Winter oil always has a mark in the form of the letter W, and if numbers on the sides are added to this letter, then this is an all-season oil with an indication of the permissible temperatures. Examples of how oil is marked in the transmission of a walk-behind tractor:

  • 20W40 –.15 °. 45 °.
  • 15W40 –.20 °. 45 °.
  • 10W40 –.25 °. 35 °.
  • 0W30 –.35 ° and below. 25 °.
  • 0W40 –.35 ° and below. 30 °.
  • 5W30 –.30 °. 25 °.
  • 5W40 –.30 °. 35 °.
  • 75W90 and 75W80 –.40 °. 35 °.
  • 80W85 and 80W90 –.25 °. 35 °.
  • 85W90 –.12 °. 45 °.

Choosing which oil to pour into the transmission of the walk-behind tractor, you need to see if there are letters “TM” on the label. If they are absent, then the lubricant is not suitable for the transmission.

It is best to give preference to oils that protect equipment from corrosion. this is the main enemy. The faster plaque and rust appears, the less a single-axle tractor will last. Therefore, it is better to pay for high-quality oil for the season, but with anti-corrosion properties. But the purchase of an all-season may be less economical if the equipment quickly deteriorates.

A few private examples about which oil to take based on the motoblock firm:

  • MTZ.05. oils M-8G1, M-8V1 and M-8B1.
  • Neva MB-1. TAP-15V, TAD-17I.
  • Neva MB-2. TM-5, SAE90 API GI-5, TEP-15, SAE90 API GI-2.
  • Agate. MS-20 and TAD-17I.
  • Bison. TAP-15.
  • Ugra NMB-1. TCn-10.

All these oils are constantly on sale, and it will not be difficult to find the right lubricant.

What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor?

The gearbox can be filled with gear oil specified by the equipment manufacturer or selected from the available list. If the manufacturer does not indicate that it cannot be used, then the oil is selected according to the parameters of the device. For selection, you need to look at the letter and number designations. What can be found on the oil bottle:

  • SAE is the viscosity of the oil. There is a letter W on the package, to the left of it there are minus temperatures, and to the right. plus temperatures. So you can understand at what time of the year and under what temperature conditions the grease will work well.
  • API. type of engine fuel. There is a letter S next to it. this is for gasoline, and if C, then for diesel 4-stroke.
  • ACEA is an indicator of energy saving. If the load of the walk-behind tractor is high, then it is better to take the oil with the maximum indicator. The higher the numbers, the more protected the equipment will be from wear and tear.

Rototiller Gearbox Oil Change

There are several of the most common types of oils:

  • 10w30. 10w40. all-season, characterized by high anti-corrosion properties.
  • 0w30. 0w40. suitable for winter use.
  • 15w40. 20w40. used at high temperatures.
  • 5w30. 5w40. all-season, can be used if the street is not lower than 25 degrees.

There are also “win-win” options. If the packaging is marked with paired letters. SG / CD or SF / CC, then the lubricant is suitable for any walk-behind tractor with any fuel.

Considering that walk-behind tractors are used more often in the summer, all-season or anti-corrosion oils are more in demand, which extend the service life of the equipment. The oil manufacturer can be any, but often the brands ZIC, Mobil, Shell Helix and Castrol are on the shelves, which showed a good ratio of price and quality.

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Oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor. how to replace it without the help of a specialist?

Replacing the oil available in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor is carried out in almost the same way as replacing the lubricant composition in its engine. Each gearbox has a drain and filler hole, closed with appropriate caps.

The procedure for changing the oil in the gearbox is performed according to the following algorithm:

  • a uniaxial tractor will need to be fixedly installed on some hill, in extreme cases, bricks can be placed under its frame;
  • Next, under the drain hole directly in the lower part of the gearbox, you will need to put a wide container, completely unscrew the upper filler cap, and start unscrewing the drain plug. As soon as the oil starts to flow out, the cover must be removed completely;
  • After that, screw the drain cap and fill the gearbox with new oil. Using a dipstick, you will need to make sure that there is a sufficient amount of lubricant in the mechanism. The dipstick is located on the bottom of the filler cap. To check, you need to screw the cover, then unscrew it and inspect the dipstick. If the lower part of the dipstick is dipped in oil, it means that you no longer need to add fluid.

Most manufacturers of walk-behind tractors advise changing the oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor used at least 1 time for every 100 hours worked. However, if a single-axle tractor is used quite intensively, then, in this case, this procedure will need to be performed every 50 hours of operation.

What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor

In order for a single-axle tractor to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil is a key factor in engine performance. What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor we will try to figure out on this page of the site.

The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the walk-behind tractor. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for walk-behind tractors and cite excerpts from the instructions.

The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.

OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION API classification by performance category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here

OIL VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here

Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W

Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.

All-season. at the moment, the most widespread are universal oils that are used both in winter and summer.

Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40

Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter, and an oil with a higher value (more viscous) in summer.

The multi-grade oil is highly stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, an SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.

Engine oil for motoblocks recommended by manufacturers.

Motoblock engine make Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil
summer winter service class
Robin Subaru (Subaru) SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates SAE 5W-30. in cold regions Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher (SG, SH or SJ recommended)
Honda (Honda) SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures. If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area. SG, SF.
Lifan (Lifan) SAE-30 SAE-10W-30. all-season
Briggs Stratton (brigs) Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil, part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be apply at any temperature. Change synthetic oil as usual. Air cooled engines heat up faster than car engines. Using non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often. SF, SG, SH, SJ or above
DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga Engine) М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil corresponding to API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30
DM-1K Instruction from OJSC “Red October” M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85 M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
Cascade MB-6 Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)

Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced walk-behind tractors such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.

Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity significantly extends the life of the engine and improves its performance.

Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.

Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils in general gasoline engines.

Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines

SA For low stress applications where no additives are required
SB For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. It is characterized by low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.
SC For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. and not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.
SD For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.
SE For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SF For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SG It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.
SH Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.

Diesel engine oil categories

CA For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.
CB For low to medium stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CC For use in medium to high mechanical stress conditions in non-supercharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CD For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.

We give information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of Patriot (Patriot) walk-behind tractors and cultivators

Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)

Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, walk-behind tractors, mini tractors and other equipment.

Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before it is changed.

The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.

1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;

Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;

The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;

pour, gearbox, motor, cultivator

WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE OPERATING CONDITIONS OF THE MOTOR BLOCK.

The frequency of changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor

Briggs Stratton (brigs) First 5 hours. Change oil. Every 8 hours or daily. Check oil level. Every 50 hours or every season. Change oil.
Honda (Honda) Lifan (Lifan) Check Oil Level. Every Use. Oil change. first month or after 20 hours of operation, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
Robin Subaru (Subaru) Checking the level and adding engine oil. every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark). Engine oil change: First change after 20 operating hours; subsequently every 100 operating hours

A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of walk-behind tractors and cultivators:

  • check the oil level by placing the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
  • when changing the oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
  • do not use additives and additives in the oil
  • dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.

Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from the owner’s manual for a Honda engine:

The purchase of lubricants for a walk-behind tractor is a responsible event, since the safety of the most important systems and assemblies of the walk-behind tractor, its serviceability, operability and service life as a whole depends on their quality. Usually, all information regarding the brand and type of oil for the walk-behind tractor is prescribed in the operating instructions. But sometimes, due to the loss of documents or after major repairs, you have to select it yourself.

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FG110 Tiller Changing The Oil

An important factor that affects the service life of your walk-behind tractor is also the timely and correct oil change in different systems of the unit. We will tell you about how to correctly choose oil for a walk-behind tractor and about its correct replacement in this article.

Appointment

When buying a new walk-behind tractor, the kit must contain accompanying documents, in which there are special sections with recommendations for proper care and operation. The names of oils ideally suited to the unit are also indicated there.

First of all, you should understand the basic functions of oil fluids. Liquids do the following:

  • system cooling;
  • getting the smearing effect;
  • cleaning the inside of the engine;
  • seal.

During the operation of the walk-behind tractor in an air-cooled engine, the oil liquid begins to burn, respectively, the burnt particles remain on the cylinder. That is why the formation of a smoky exhaust occurs. In addition, resinous deposits are the strongest contaminant for the rest of the walk-behind tractor, due to which the lubrication of parts becomes more difficult.

It is preferable to fill in oil for a walk-behind tractor together with antioxidant fluids, which are a cleaning agent for the inside of the unit.

For the correct choice of oil fluid, it should be remembered that each individual composition is intended for a specific season and climatic temperature.

In simple terms, you cannot use summer oil at temperatures below 5 degrees. this can lead to engine start failure.

  • The summer type of oily liquid is used exclusively during the warm season. Has a high level of viscosity. No letter designation.
  • Winter oils are used during cold weather. They have a low level of viscosity. The letter designation is W, which means “winter” in translation from English. This variety includes oils with the SAE index 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
  • A variety of multigrade oils is more popular in the modern world. Their versatility allows you to fill the engine with fluid at any time of the year. It is these lubricants that have a special index in the general classification: 5W-30, 10W-40.

In addition to seasonality, oils are divided according to their composition. They are:

  • mineral;
  • synthetic;
  • semi-synthetic.

Appointment

When buying a new walk-behind tractor, the kit must contain accompanying documents, in which there are special sections with recommendations for proper care and operation. The names of oils ideally suited to the unit are also indicated there.

First of all, you should understand the basic functions of oil fluids. Liquids do the following:

  • system cooling;
  • getting the smearing effect;
  • cleaning the inside of the engine;
  • seal.

During the operation of the walk-behind tractor in an air-cooled engine, the oil liquid begins to burn, respectively, the burnt particles remain on the cylinder. That is why the formation of a smoky exhaust occurs. In addition, resinous deposits are the strongest contaminant for the rest of the walk-behind tractor, due to which the lubrication of parts becomes more difficult.

It is preferable to fill in oil for a walk-behind tractor together with antioxidant fluids, which are a cleaning agent for the inside of the unit.

For the correct choice of oil fluid, it should be remembered that each individual composition is intended for a specific season and climatic temperature.

In simple terms, you cannot use summer oil at temperatures below 5 degrees. this can lead to engine start failure.

  • The summer type of oily liquid is used exclusively during the warm season. Has a high level of viscosity. No letter designation.
  • Winter oils are used during cold weather. They have a low level of viscosity. The letter designation is W, which means “winter” in translation from English. This variety includes oils with the SAE index 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
  • A variety of multigrade oils is more popular in the modern world. Their versatility allows you to fill the engine with fluid at any time of the year. It is these lubricants that have a special index in the general classification: 5W-30, 10W-40.

In addition to seasonality, oils are divided according to their composition. They are:

  • mineral;
  • synthetic;
  • semi-synthetic.

In addition, all oils differ in the performance requirements of 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines.

In walk-behind tractors, a 4-stroke air-cooled system is usually used, respectively, and the oil must be 4-stroke. During the winter season, the most preferred option is a transmission engine oil, for example, 0W40.

The price of the issue, of course, is high, but the reaction of the unit lies in its long service life.

How to check the level?

Checking the oil level is carried out according to standard technology, to which every person is accustomed. To do this, a special probe is present in the walk-behind tractor device, which goes deep inside the unit. By removing it from the hole, at the tip of the dipstick, you can see a limit strip, the level of which is equal to the level of the oil. If there is not enough liquid, then it must be topped up. On the other hand, this nuance forces you to check the entire system, since a low level of lubricant indicates that it is leaking somewhere.

In addition to the standard dipstick, some models of walk-behind tractors have special sensors that automatically show the amount of lubricant present. Even in the process of replacing the oil fluid, it can be used to determine how much the size of the lubricant composition has increased or its lack.

Which is better to choose?

As mentioned earlier, there are several types of oils for motoblocks. It is necessary to use the liquid recommended by the manufacturer of the unit. for this, it is enough to carefully study the labeling of the device and read the instructions.

In addition, each separate type of oil is divided into several types according to its chemical composition. In most cases, manufacturers try to manufacture units with the ability to use the most common types of oils. synthetic, mineral, and semi-synthetic, for example, Mannol Molibden Benzin 10W40 or SAE 10W-30.

It is worth noting that this lubricant contains a friction modifier that creates a strong film on the inner surface of the parts. This significantly reduces the wear rate of the walk-behind tractor.

Another marking that should not be forgotten is the designation of the properties of oil exploitation. It also comes in several varieties. For example, category C is used for 4-stroke diesel engines, and category S is used for gasoline.

A certain total can be derived from this data. Given the engine variety, a high level of demand is directed to multigrade oils labeled 5W30 and 5W40. Of anti-corrosion oils, 10W30, 10W40 are popular.

At temperatures above 45 degrees, oils marked 15W40, 20W40 should be used. For winter cold, it is necessary to use oil liquid 0W30, 0W40.

How to change?

Anyone can change the lubricant in the walk-behind tractor, but if there are any doubts, it is better to contact a highly qualified specialist. The procedure for updating with oil liquid in any models of walk-behind tractors does not differ from each other, whether it is an instance of Enifield Titan MK1000 or any other motor from the Nikkey line.

First of all, it should be remembered that the oil changes exclusively on a hot engine, that is, the system must first work for at least 30 minutes. This rule applies not only to four-stroke, but also to two-stroke engines.

Thanks to the above nuance, the warm spent mixture easily flows into the container placed from below. After the used oil is completely gone, you can start the replacement process.

First you need to unscrew the breather plug, drain the remaining used oil and, if necessary, change the additional oil and air filter. Then you need to fill in fresh liquid and return the plug to its place. Pour new oil carefully so that it does not get on other parts of the system, otherwise an unpleasant odor will arise.

Oil for a walk-behind tractor: which is better to fill in and how to change?

The purchase of a walk-behind tractor is a rather serious step that you should prepare for in advance. For the long-term operation of the unit, it is necessary to carry out timely preventive work, if necessary, replace parts and, of course, change the oil.

In the engine

The primary oil change in the internal combustion engine occurs after 28-32 hours of operation. The next replacement can be done no more than 2 times a year. in summer and winter, even if the unit has been idle for some time. To start the replacement process itself, it is necessary to prepare special attributes. a funnel and a container for draining the spent liquid.

At the bottom of the engine there is a hole with a cap through which old oil can be drained. In the same place, a container for draining is substituted, the locking cap is unscrewed, and the waste liquid is drained. It is necessary to wait a while for the residues to completely drain out of the engine system. Then the plug is screwed into place, and fresh oil can be poured.

Its quantity must be identical to the merged one. If it is not possible to make a measurement, it is better to look at the technical data sheet of the unit, where the required number is indicated in grams. After new oil has been added to the engine, the level must be checked. To do this, just use a special probe.

It is worth noting that in some engines that are sensitive to oil fluids, for example, Subaru or Honda, it is assumed that a certain class of oils is used, that is, SE and higher, but not lower than the SG class.

This instruction is a general guideline for both two-stroke and four-stroke models. specific information on how to change the oil fluid in the walk-behind tractor is best considered in the instructions for a specific unit.