How to properly assemble a tiller cutter

Active saber

The standard set of motor vehicles includes saber cutters. They are effective and popular with farmers.

properly, assemble, tiller, cutter

The tiller for the tiller has a collapsible design, so installation, maintenance, repair and transportation are as simple as possible.

Instead of wheels, blocks are installed on the rotating axle, consisting of 4 cutting mechanisms at an angle of 90 ° to each other, fastened with bolts, nuts and washers. The number of blocks on each side of the drive is different: 2, 3 or more units. The number of knives and the width of the module is influenced by the mass of equipment and its power.

The knife of an active cutter for a tiller is a strip curved at the ends. The folds are directed alternately in different directions.

In the factory, the blades are made from durable alloy or high-carbon steel with mandatory thermal hardening and high-frequency treatment. When making the nozzle on your own, the craftsmen recommend using heat-treated and hardened spring steel 50HGFA.

Device

the tiller from the cultivator is distinguished by its high weight and the presence of a power take-off shaft. The cultivator is equipped only with cutters, and any attached and trailed equipment that meets the characteristics of the equipment is aggregated to the tiller.

The cultivators are equipped with different engines. 2-, 4-stroke gasoline, diesel and electric, powered by the mains or built-in batteries. They are compact, but inferior in power to the motors built into the tiller.

How to make a tiller cultivator

Before making a cultivator for a tiller with your own hands, it is necessary to treat all metal elements with a special anti-corrosion compound against the premature appearance of rust after frequent contact with the ground.

Simple models can be made without drawings. To make and correctly assemble more complex devices, it is necessary to plan the work, calculate the dimensions of the module and parts.

A homemade pitchfork cultivator is an easy way to recycle (rework) products. For this, the teeth of the mechanism are bent with a hammer like a corkscrew and are mounted on the handle. A shovel handle is used as a handle. Use electrical tape for fastening.

Some craftsmen manage to make a cultivator with their own hands from a bicycle frame with a wheel. A steel bar is welded or bolted between the 2 base blocks. The head is mounted to the cross member. For this design, it is recommended to take a medium-sized wheel.

In order to correctly assemble a disc cultivator and work correctly with cutters, it is necessary to design schemes of assemblies and individual parts. Taking into account the deformation of the discs, special adjusting nuts are used. The discs are welded to bushings located on a rotating axle with brackets. On the bracket, it is necessary to provide a protrusion where the pipe will pass. The cultivator handle is attached to the pipe surface.

Installation on a tiller

The finished structure is installed on the tiller instead of the native wheels. This is not difficult, provided that the preliminary assembly was carried out correctly:

  • Prepare a tiller.
  • Lean the entire mechanism on the ralnik (it is also called the opener).
  • Tilt 45 degrees.
  • Place the so-called tragus made of wood under the handle of the tiller.
  • Simply remove the wheels supplied from the factory with the tiller.

Installing cutters on the tiller

To install the cutters on the tiller, use special wooden trestles, the height of which should be about 50 cm. The unit must be supported on the opener and tilted at an angle of 45 degrees. Then the wheels are removed from it and cutters are put on. Special plates are installed on the outer ends on both sides, which make the unit run smoother and more stable.

Crow’s feet

These models have appeared on the market relatively recently. With their help, any virgin land can be cultivated, they are also effective in the cultivation of hard and difficult soil.

Features of this type of cutters:

  • solid construction, which provides high performance accuracy;
  • the equipment fights weeds well;
  • ease of use, the ability to replace spare parts at home.

Such models, in contrast to saber cutters, are made of carbon steel, which is slightly inferior in strength.

Classification of cutters

According to the location of the cutters there are side and mounted. The side ones are installed on both sides of the tiller, they work from the drive shafts of the wheels. In fact, with a similar arrangement, these cutters replace the wheels and set the equipment in motion.

The second type is a power take-off cutter located at the rear of the unit and does not participate in the movement. tillers of the brands Celina, Neva MB-1 and MB-2, MTZ have just such a device of cutters.

According to the design of knives, two types of cutters are distinguished. saber-shaped (active, standard) and the so-called crow’s feet.

How to assemble a saber cutter on a tiller

Installing the cutter on the tiller is not at all difficult, but first you need to assemble it correctly, setting the desired direction of rotation: the sharpened part of the mechanism should cut into the soil.

the tiller should be leaned against the coulter and then tilted approximately 45 degrees. Then the tragus must be substituted under the handlebar and simply remove the wheel.

Assembling a cutter for a tiller is a process that is quickly mastered, but before starting it, you should decide on the functions that the finished unit should perform. If you decide to assemble the cutter yourself, you should first make a rough drawing. After assembly, it is necessary to test the unit and make appropriate adjustments to its design, if necessary. The assembly diagram of cutters on a tiller will allow you to understand in more detail the design of the unit.

Tiller cutter elements

The elements of the cutters are necessary for cultivating the soil. The quality of processing directly depends on the model of equipment and the complexity of the procedure.

The milling cutter comes with a tiller. But in cases where it is necessary to increase the width and depth of processing, the unit should be equipped with appropriate elements. In addition, the use of additional equipment makes it easier to move the tiller forward, as well as increase its service life.

For the processing of clay soil, experts recommend using two pairs of tiller-cultivators. The depth can be changed by adjusting the coulter, which is a sturdy structure located in the tiller’s hitch in a vertical position. In this case, the final loosening depth will directly depend on the diameter of the cultivator cutter.

In order to better understand the principle of operation of special equipment, first it is worth understanding the main types of cutters, among which two types of construction can be distinguished:

  • unit with saber-shaped legs;
  • Crow’s feet.

Tiller saber cutters are the most popular today. they are a universal type of design characterized by high efficiency. This model has an optimal shape. The legs are usually made of high quality, durable steel. In addition, the material is additionally subjected to thermal hardening, and also undergoes processing using high-frequency current.

The design, called “crow’s feet”, is commonly used for working hard soil. This type of mechanism is non-separable. Products of this type show their effectiveness in weed control and in the cultivation of virgin lands. Their main disadvantage is the material from which the equipment is made. Carbon steel has the most direct effect on the strength of the product, so the soil should be treated with the crow’s feet cutter as carefully as possible. Otherwise, the mechanism may deform.

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How to assemble a tiller cutter

Nowadays, the process of cultivating the land takes much less time than it did half a century ago. Modern manufacturers of agricultural machinery offer a wide variety of all kinds of equipment designed to make the work of farmers and land owners automated. For example, a tiller is a kind of compact and multifunctional special equipment designed to solve various tasks related to the processing of small plots of land. The tiller itself is a basic unit that is equipped with additional equipment. Later in this article, we will figure out how to assemble a tiller cutter and achieve the maximum level of its performance.

Benefits of working with cutters

The Grasshopper rotary tiller is a form of agricultural machinery used to cultivate and loosen the soil. The tool ensures the creation of the most suitable conditions for obtaining a high-quality and rich harvest. Among the advantages of this mechanism, one can single out its versatility: for example, the equipment copes well with milling work, it is used for crumbling the earth after frost, mixing soil layers, crushing plant humus, destroying weeds.

The website of the manufacturer Grasshopper presents a wide range of modern high-quality special equipment designed to make working with the land easier, faster and more productive. We are engaged in the production and sale of only high-quality gardening, construction and agricultural equipment.

How the tiller cutter is assembled

the tiller is a popular tool on the site today. Assembling the tiller cutter is an important step in preparation for tillage. The most common cutters are saber knives (image # 1), as well as devices called crow’s feet (image # 2). These attachments are easy to assemble on the tiller. They carry out most of the agricultural work on the land. They have to be changed very rarely. This significantly reduces the time spent on servicing the tiller.

Saber cutter and its assembly

Before assembling the cutters on the tiller, you need to understand well the concept of a motor cultivator. This is a welded frame made of pipes with a diameter of at least 23 mm with a fuel tank and an engine installed on it. They are fixed to the frame with brackets. The engine is otherwise called the power unit. It is equipped with a gearbox and clutch mechanism. Each cultivator brand has its own power unit with different power.

Most often, the cutter has a saber shape. Such a scheme is the most popular these days, therefore it is also called standard. The effectiveness of saber knives has been proven for many years of use on soils of different composition. Installing such cutters on a tiller allows you to perform a lot of work. The strength of knives made from carbon steel is very high. The cutter design is collapsible. Each knife is heat-hardened by high-frequency currents during the manufacturing process.

How are the tiller cutters assembled? Any milling cutter consists of 2 blocks. Each of them contains 12 cutters. The block consists of 3 nodes. Each node is 4 legs at right angles (image # 3). They are located at an angle of 30 ° relative to each other. Each knife is made of 5mm thick steel. They are attached to the post, which is made of a corner measuring 63×40 mm. The other end of the post is welded to the flange so that 4 knives are joined together. All parts of the cutter are connected to each other with bolts, washers and flanges. This design is very reliable. She is able to withstand quite high loads. If the cultivator is going to be used constantly, it is better to install a factory-made cutter.

In the process of installing the cutter on the tiller, some craftsmen have difficulties. Therefore, it is recommended that you do this work together. The assembly is usually carried out on specially made wooden tragus with a height of about 50 cm. They help to cope with the work faster. the tiller rests neatly on the coulter and tilts about 45 °. Tragus is placed under the steering handle. In this position, the wheels are removed from the tiller and the cutters are installed (image No. 4). On the outer ends on the right and left, you need to install the plates on the tiller cutters. They improve the performance of the unit, make it run more stable and smoother.

Crow’s feet milling cutter

This product is younger and more modern. It is mainly used for work on hard ground. It is recommended to work only on weed-free soil and on level ground. Even with the onset of cold weather, the work results are very good. How to assemble a crow’s feet cutter? Some tools and materials need to be prepared:

  • metal tube with a diameter of 42 mm;
  • details for loosening the soil;
  • welding machine;
  • angle grinder with discs.

Rippers can be based on old vehicle springs. They are cut into pieces of the desired length and welded to the tube as the base. The edges of the knives are sharpened and welded to this tube as well. After assembling the entire mechanism, a test run is performed. During it, the necessary adjustments are made. When starting the tiller, the cutter blades should hang in the air without touching the ground. You need to lower them slowly. Only then will the cutter work for a long time.

Making crow’s feet requires some training in metalworking. Knives need to be forged, and this is far from being possible for every owner of the unit. If the system is not assembled properly, it may break down. The construction of the crow’s feet is non-separable. This gives it extra strength. Product characteristics:

  • weight. about 16 kg;
  • working speed of movement. 2-5 km / h;
  • assembly width. 41 cm;
  • length and height. 38 cm.

Self-sharpening knives. With careful work, they no longer require sharpening. In this case, you need to place the edges of the petal correctly. They must enter the ground with a sharp end. With the correct adjustment of the knives, the ground is plowed to a depth of 30 cm.To achieve this result, first they pass along the plot, then across.

Conclusion

The milling cutter belongs to attachments. It can be removed and installed. It affects the quality of cultivation of any type of soil in the garden and vegetable garden. The high-quality operation of the engine also largely depends on the quality and condition of the cutter.

It is quite possible to assemble the milling cutter on the tiller yourself.

If you harvest and sharpen it correctly, you can loosen the soil and remove weeds from it very quickly. How to assemble the cutter correctly? You need to make good knives. This is the backbone of any type of cutter. It is the knives that are designed to cope with weeds, loosen the ground, distribute fertilizers in the soil.

There are several types of this attachment, but the most common are saber-shaped specimens and crow’s feet. With their help, most of the work on the site is performed. At the ends of the structure, plates are installed on the tiller cutters. When working, they give a special smoothness of movement and do not allow the cultivator to dig deep into the ground.

Assembly instructions

It is not difficult to install the cutter on the tiller, but for this you have to first assemble it, having correctly organized the direction of rotation: the sharpened part should cut into the soil.

Fastening is carried out on the axis of the output shaft. A stopper is required for fixing. It is quite difficult to carry out the installation actions with your own hands alone. It is best to use an X-shaped tragus made of wood. As a rule, they are made with a height of about 50 cm.

the tiller must be leaned against the opener, then tilted somewhere at the level of forty-five degrees, substituted under the rudder handle of the tragus. Further “a trick”: just remove the wheel.

Before you start assembling the cutters on the tiller, you should think over its design, as well as the functions that it should perform. To do this, it is important to view similar products using the information in detail. Otherwise, the product will not do the work that is needed. This means that the actions will turn out to be meaningless.

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First you need to make at least an approximate drawing, one of these is shown in the photo. Based on this, all the necessary components are selected. And then you need to act according to the drawing, gradually collecting every detail.

When the tiller cutter is assembled, testing should be done. This will allow you to immediately make adjustments to its design if the result deviates somewhat from the intended one.

About the elements

They are needed when cultivating the soil. Therefore, the quality of processing and the complexity of the procedure itself depend on the model: load on the motor, ease of control and labor intensity.

How to assemble cutters?

As a rule, the cutter is included with the tiller. But that may not be enough. Sometimes an increase in the depth or width of processing is required, so the device can be supplemented with other products. This solution also improves the forward movement of the tiller. In addition, this will increase the service life of the mechanism.

If the soil is clayey, then it is better to use two pairs of tiller-cultivators. And even if the soil is light and has already been worked before, additional elements will not become an obstacle.

Depth change is possible due to the adjustable coulter. It is a robust element located vertically in the tiller hitch. And the final loosening depth is influenced by the diameter of the cultivator cutter.

If you want to make do-it-yourself cutters for a tiller, you should start by defining their types. Two types of construction can be distinguished:

  • “Crow’s feet”;
  • with saber knives.

The last option is the most popular, it can be called standard. After all, these types of products have been tested by time: their effectiveness is quite high. They have an optimal shape and material. Knives are made of high quality high strength steel. Additionally, the material undergoes thermal hardening and high-frequency current treatment.

It should be noted that the cultivator cutters have a collapsible design. This feature is due to the fact that the material does not accept welding well. As a result, before installing the product on the tiller, its preliminary assembly is required.

With regard to products “crow’s feet”, such products are used for hard soils. They have a solid construction, non-separable. Due to this, their strength is high.

Characteristics of “crow’s feet”:

  • weight. 16 kg;
  • speed. 2-5 km / h;
  • height. 38 cm;
  • length. 38 cm;
  • width. 41 cm.

Such products are effective in weed control and virgin soil cultivation. However, their disadvantage is the material of manufacture. carbon steel. This affects the strength of the products: therefore, the virgin soil must be processed very carefully so as not to bend the products. However, this allows, firstly, welding, and secondly, repair.

It should be noted that the cutter is a self-sharpening tool. Additional manipulations in this direction are not required.

How to assemble cutters on a tiller

To cultivate the land in modern conditions is much easier than it was half a century ago, for example. Today there are many opportunities for this. For example, convenient tillers, which, due to their compactness, but multifunctionality, allow solving various tasks for the processing of even small land plots. As a result, they have found high popularity among peasants and summer residents who are engaged in soil cultivation.

The tiller itself is not of great interest if it is not equipped with the necessary additional equipment. This is the only way to get the maximum. In this case, we will figure out how to assemble the cutters on the tiller with our own hands.

additional information

It should be noted that the procedure is quite clear, but for clarity, the assembly of the tiller cutter in the video is also presented. This will allow you to more thoroughly understand the procedure, to do all the steps correctly. Then you will get a worthy product and addition for the tiller, which allows you to cultivate the soil especially productively and efficiently. This means that the result of such actions with your own hands will be achieved.

Basic functions of tiller cutters

This type of equipment is hinged, so it can be dismantled and replaced at any time. The milling cutter is an extremely important part of the tiller, since in the process of operation it directly affects many factors:

The main part of any soil cutter is the knives. For tiller cutters, you can find different samples, made, nevertheless, using a similar technology. The quality and depth of soil cultivation directly depends on what material is used in the production process.

Types of cutters for a motor cultivator

The development of agricultural technology was reflected in the design of such equipment. So, there are several types of cutters, but the most common of them are two:

  • Saber blade system.
  • Cutters, referred to by consumers as “Hound’s Feet”, which is due to their unusual shape.

The first product is extremely common among consumers, largely due to the fact that it can be used to perform almost any task. At the same time, a do-it-yourself saber cutter for the tiller is assembled without any difficulties. One of the advantages of its design is the ability to remove the knives at any time, since they are made of steel, which, as you know, cannot be processed by welding.

Materials for the assembly of cutters

Before assembling the cutter on the tiller, it is necessary to measure the parameters of the area that is planned to be processed, and only then, starting from the data obtained, to assemble the mechanism. In order for the design to be as correct as possible, you need to have the following list of materials available:

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  • not very long metal tube with a diameter of 42 mm;
  • details that will act as elements of loosening the earth;
  • welding machine;
  • Angle Grinder.

Understanding how to properly assemble cutters on a tiller, many owners are wondering about the device of soil cultivators. The basis of these parts may well be springs for a car, which are bent and then welded to the main pipe at the desired angle.

Tiller cutter assembly process

To start work, as mentioned earlier, you need to take measurements of the site. After completing all the calculations, you can start the assembly. Using a welding machine, the knives of the future cutter should be attached to a pre-prepared pipe. You can pre-sharpen the edges of the elements to the desired degree.

When assembling such a structure as a cutter for a tiller with your own hands, it is worth remembering that you can achieve the longest possible service life of a product only by strictly observing all the rules of its operation. When turning on the mechanism, the knives must be kept at the top and in no case should they touch the soil. After starting the tiller, you can slowly lower the cutter and get to work.

Do-it-yourself cutter for a tiller. How to properly assemble cutters on a tiller

An agricultural device like the tiller has not lost its popularity at all over time. On the contrary, the development of technologies has provided the emergence of new popular mechanisms with a wider range of functionality.

As you know, with the help of this machine you can perform a number of tasks: transport goods, cultivate the soil and simply use it as a vehicle. Since this equipment is most widespread in rural areas, you should figure out exactly how to make such a part as a cutter for a tiller with your own hands. This structural element has many useful properties, but it is quite unprofitable to acquire a finished device from a financial point of view, which explains the need for self-assembly.

Advantages of tiller cutters

Among the indisputable advantages that these parts have, it is worth highlighting the following:

  • cutters do an excellent job with weeds, destroying them without a trace;
  • the soil treated with such an element is well loosened, which contributes to the mixing of its layers and has a positive effect on fertility indicators;
  • with the help of such knives, you can easily distribute fertilizers.
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Additional recommendations

The easiest way to assemble such a device will be someone who has some experience in the field of metalworking. A pre-drawn diagram, as well as high-quality tools and materials, will simplify the installation process.

When deciding how to properly assemble cutters on a tiller, many owners are faced with the problem when it is impossible to make small and curly parts of the structure on their own. To do this, it is best to seek help from a professional blacksmith, who will do this work much faster and better.

Having studied all the above recommendations, we can conclude that it is absolutely realistic to design such a mechanism as a cutter for a tiller on our own, it is only important to observe all the subtleties of the work, and then the device will last for more than a dozen years without the need for repairs.

Manufacturing of cutters “crow’s feet”

Immediately before assembling this type of fixture, you will need to carefully prepare for work. With tools and materials you will need:

  • steel pipe, 4.2 cm in diameter;
  • steel plates for making cutting knives;
  • welding machine;
  • angle grinder with disc set.

The active crow’s feet cutter is assembled in the following order:

  • For the manufacture of cutting elements, you can use the springs from the car. Cut them into equal pieces, and then weld them to a steel pipe that plays the role of a base;
  • Sharpen the edges of the cutting elements and weld them to the base used;
  • After assembling the equipment, start it and make the necessary settings. At the same time, keep in mind that after starting the tiller, the knives of the equipment should hang in the air and not touch the ground.

In order for the crow’s feet cutter to last as long as possible, it must be slowly lowered to the ground. Otherwise, the equipment may break.

Tiller cutters

Milling cutters are one of the most commonly used types of equipment for tillers. It is quite difficult to overestimate the role of milling cutters in agriculture, because these devices allow you to process the soil with high quality and fully prepare it for further planting with a minimum amount of time from the efforts of the farmer.

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Self-installation of cutters on the tiller

Self-installation of equipment on the tiller is performed in exactly the same way, both for saber cutters and for devices of the “crow’s feet” type.

In any case, the procedure is as follows:

  • Place the manufactured cutters on a special wooden “goat”, about 0.5 m high;
  • Gently tilt the tiller at a 45 ° angle and rest it on the coulter;
  • Place the “tragus” under the tiller’s rudder grip;
  • Dismantle the standard wheels of the agricultural machine, and install homemade cutters instead;
  • Securely attach the cutter discs to the left and right outer ends of the cutters. they will significantly improve the travel of the tiller with cutters and make it smoother and more stable.

After completing all the above steps, you can start processing the soil. During work, do not forget to monitor the reliability of the fastening of the plates, fixing the main and additional cutters on the tiller.

Homemade milling cutters for tiller. the procedure for manufacturing equipment

The simple design of cutters for tillers allows you to make such devices with your own hands. Below we will consider the correct procedure for the manufacture of different types of equipment for plowing the soil.

Which cutters are best for the tiller. we decide on the choice

Many novice farmers find it quite difficult to decide on the right cutters for the job. In fact, there is nothing difficult about this. you just need to study and compare the qualities and characteristics of different types of equipment. The cutters available on the market are divided into 2 types:

  • saber cutters. attachments of this type are in the highest demand, these cutters are included in the delivery set of many tillers. Among the main reasons for the popularity of mills of this type should be highlighted the highest efficiency, the ability to cultivate any soil, including that previously untouched by agricultural machinery. High-quality models of saber cutters are made in 2 stages: first, products of increased strength are formed from carbon steel. At the next stage of production, knives are subject to prolonged heat treatment under the influence of high-frequency currents. The main feature of high-quality saber-shaped devices is the impossibility of welding cutting surfaces;
  • cutters “crow’s feet”. equipment of this type appeared on the market relatively recently. In practice, hard soil lends itself to processing with such devices. free of hard weeds. The high efficiency of these cutters is achieved due to their specific shape. The latter also allows you not to harm the roots of the planted plants during the cultivation of the garden. Among the main disadvantages of this kind of devices, one should highlight their low strength and a lot of inconveniences during repair.

When buying any of these types of cutters, be sure to consider the type of soil to be processed before and after planting.

How to assemble correctly cutters on a tiller. making saber equipment

Immediately before making saber-shaped rotor devices, we advise you to study the drawings that will tell you the correct procedure for assembling equipment.

Any saber cutter for tiller consists of two interconnected blocks, each of which contains 12 cutters. The design of one separate unit includes 3 units, each of which is equipped with 4 cutting knives. The latter, in turn, are located in relation to 30 ° in relation to each other. The assembly of saber-shaped devices is as follows:

  • First, make a stand using a 6.3 × 4 cm corner;
  • Weld one of the ends of the rack to the flange so that later you can combine 4 cutting knives with each other;
  • Connect all cutting elements of the cutter to each other by means of flanges and bolts with washers.

A rotary milling cutter manufactured in this way has high strength and stability, which will allow you to use it for processing soils of any density.

Do I need to sharpen the cutters on the tiller. we figure it out together

It is rather difficult to give an unambiguous answer to this question due to several factors. First, the recommendations of the milling cutter manufacturer are of great importance. Some companies that produce high quality plowing equipment do not advise sharpening cutting elements, as this will reduce the efficiency of the cutters and void the warranty for their service. Other manufacturers, on the contrary, recommend that the cutters be sharpened before each season of the tiller‘s operation.

The second important factor is the result that the sharpening of the cutters can bring. The only, but very important advantage that this procedure gives is ease in the cultivation process, because it will be much easier for sharpened cutting knives to go deep into the ground and plow it effectively. The disadvantages of sharpening include the need to dismantle and install the equipment on the tiller every time. Another very important drawback is the ability of cutters to grind weed roots deeply hidden in the ground, which will lead to their intensive vegetative reproduction throughout the entire area of ​​the garden.

The third factor is the type of soil being cultivated. If a rotary tiller on a tiller is used mainly for the processing of hard clay soils and virgin lands, then sharpening the cutting knives will help to plow such soil faster and better. If the soil in the garden is soft, then, as a rule, it is not necessary to sharpen the set of cutters used.

All of the listed advice on the manufacture, installation and sharpening of devices are suitable for the operation of equipment in tandem with the Neva MB-1, MB-2 tillers, as well as agricultural machines of the MTZ, Celina brands and units of other imported and domestic manufacturers.