How to properly cut tiles with a glass cutter
The first step is to prepare a flat and non-slip surface. This could be a sheet of plywood on the floor or on a table. To facilitate the cutting process, the tiles are pre-soaked in clean water for 20-30 minutes.
In order to cut a tile into fragments, you will need:
- ruler or triangle 2-3 mm thick,
- felt-tip pen or marker;
- glass cutter;
- a nail or thin wooden lath;
- sandpaper, file or whetstone;
- liquid lubricant for oil tools;
- gloves to protect hands from possible cuts with sharp edges.
How to cut mirror tiles
For high-quality cutting of mirror tiles, the choice of a diamond glass cutter will be optimal. This is due to the fact that the facing material is similar in structure to glass.
Many craftsmen prefer to use oil glass cutter with kerosene as a lubricant. The step-by-step instructions are no different from the actions when cutting tiles. The material is broken, aligning the formed groove with the edge of the table. The movement should be sharp and applied to the middle of the cut piece.
Mirror tiles with beveled edges are ideally not cut. It is selected in such a way that the parts fit on the desired surface entirely.
What kind of glass cutter is better to cut tiles
Glass cutters are used to cut glazed tiles, since its top layer is identical in structure to glass.
The winning instrument is the least desirable option. On a ceramic surface, its cutter becomes blunt almost immediately. The cut contains chips and irregularities. The only advantage of the tool is its low price.
Roller ones are widely used and make it easier to cut tiles, while the cut is performed smoothly. Good models: Pro, 3-roller, with anti-corrosion coating (Russia), Course 16901. 6 rollers.
The process of cutting with oil tools is similar to mechanized stone processing. The cut quality is better than with roller glass cutters. The soft stroke of the cutter creates an even pressure on the tile. Tiles break more easily. The most popular models are ENKOR and Zubr (Russia), Bohle Silberschnitt 5000 (Germany).
Special substances can be used as a lubricant: Acecut 5503, Milli M2000, Novacan Cutter Oil and T-3133. These compounds have low viscosity, do not spread over the surface and evaporate easily. Correct use extends tool life and improves work quality.
Note! Instead of special liquids, cheaper options are quite suitable: turpentine, spindle or liquid paraffin, kerosene, white spirit.
Cutting the tiles with a glass cutter with a diamond head is the easiest and most efficient way. Corundum has the highest degree of hardness among minerals.
A diamond is rigidly mounted in the head of the part. In modern models, it is not soldered into the holder, but is attached to a part, which is fastened with a screw to the head in a groove. The position of the crystal can be changed if it becomes dull. The use of a diamond glass cutter ensures that there are no chips on the cut line of the mowing line. The groove is thin and the break is smooth. Skills are required to work with a professional-looking instrument. Popular models: Brigadier Extrema, Sparta 872405, FIT 16930 (China), Bison expert 3362 (Russia).
Roller glass cutter is used for cutting tiles when working with small volumes. For example, when laying an apron in the kitchen.
Only ceramic wall tiles are cut with a glass cutter. It is difficult to cut a narrow strip of tiles with a glass cutter.
How to properly cut ceramic tiles: 4 ways
Ceramic tiles are a very durable and attractive facing material in all respects. However, the tiling process is not as easy as it sounds and requires patience and preparation. In order to successfully install this material on the floor, on the wall, around the edges of the room, around electrical appliances, window frames, pipes or various protrusions, it is necessary to use specialized equipment. However, before starting directly to work, you will definitely need to decide how and how to cut ceramic tiles.
The order of work
Before properly cutting a tile with a glass cutter, it is important to remember that the procedure for cutting glass and tiles looks the same, except for the way of marking and the applied forces for breaking. So, if you have experience in cutting glass, then there will be no difficulties. The cutting procedure will look like this:
Cutting Ceramic Tile with a Glass Cutter
- the working surface must be flat, firm and not have any unevenness;
- Lay the tile face up on your work surface and use a ruler and marker to mark the intended line of the cut. It is advisable to use a marker that can be easily erased from the surface of the product;
- further, without removing the ruler from the cut, take a glass cutter and attach it to the top of the tile, using a metal ruler as a guide; You can use a metal ruler as a guide
- Apply pressure to the tool and slide the cut line along the entire length of the material. Cutting the glossy surface will result in a significant reduction in resistance when fracturing. Using a disk glass cutter, it is enough to walk on the surface once;
- after the cut is made, place an iron nail or a wooden block of the same size under the tile, clearly parallel to the cut line;
- with a translational force, gently press on the edges of the tile, trying to evenly distribute the load. If everything is done correctly, then the product will burst exactly along the mowing line of the cut;
- inspect the end edges of the tile and make sure that they do not have large chips;
- sand the edges of the garment for a finished aesthetic. This procedure must be done as carefully as possible so as not to injure your fingers on the sharp chips of the ceramic coating.
on how to cut a tile with a glass cutter:
This completes the cutting procedure, and the product can be glued to the surface.
Preparation for work
First, you should decide on the number of tiles and purchase a little more elements ahead of time than calculated by the area. This will allow you to perform a training cut and hedge against marriage. You will need the following set of tools:
- glass cutter;
- strong ruler or triangle with a thickness of 2-3 mm;
- a device for applying markings. a marker or pencil;
- thin lath made of wood;
- grinding device. file, file, drill with grinding attachment.
Since a glass cutter roller is recommended for working with tiles, you will need a roller lubricant. From the preparatory work, we can mention the obligatory soaking of ceramics. Water will fill the smallest pores and cavities in the material, the tiles will become less brittle and will not crumble during cutting. Minimum soaking time. 1 hour, optimal. not less than 3 hours.
How to cut tiles with different tools. features of work
When carrying out facing works of any premises with the help of tiles, it is necessary to lay not only whole tiles, but also parts of them. This raises the question of how to cut the tile so that the edges are smooth. It is even more important not to break the entire tile, the cost of which is quite high. Both tasks are achievable only if the craftsmen use special tools in their work, among which there are professional expensive equipment and cheap fixtures. When performing one-time work, you can use inexpensive tools.
Sometimes, tiles appear on sale that cannot be cut with the above-described devices and methods without a flaw. When using an electric tile cutter (or angle grinder), severe chips form on the edge. And the use of a hand tool leads to the fact that the break line does not coincide with the cut line.
It should be noted that these are very expensive branded tiles. You can distinguish it if you carefully look at each edge. The end surfaces are machine-marked. And in fact, these are substandard products. During production, they were “burned out”. The manufacturer gives them away at a bargain price, and the reseller sets them up for an elite grade.
To cut such a tile, two tools are used: a manual tile cutter and an angle grinder with a cutting disc. When working, the cutting line is marked on both sides. From the front side, they pass with a tile cutter (glass cutter). At this stage it is required to make a groove in the enamel.
But on the reverse side, along the same mowing line, they pass an angle grinder with a cutting disc. But! ATTENTION: do not cut through with an angle grinder, but only make a depression, approximately 60-70% of the thickness. This stage will require great concentration and accuracy.
After that, the tiles can be broken along the intended mowing line. The edge is neat, without chips.
The generation of large amounts of dust is an integral process accompanying cutting tiles or tiles. There are two ways to get rid of dust:
- using a vacuum cleaner;
- wetting the tile surface or supplying water directly to the cutting tool. wet cutting.
The first option is ineffective, since the rotation of the disk at high speed gives the smallest particles of material high speed and energy. The vacuum cleaner simply does not have time to capture them. Moisturizing gives the best results. It is done by filling the notch with water, passing it with an angle grinder and repeating the procedure. Another option is to supply water through a thin tube to the disc or work area. This method is most effective, allowing the disc to cool and prevent dust from scattering.
What is special?
Using a tile cutter is not complete without the subsequent refinement of the edge with sandpaper or a bar.
angle grinder (angle grinder) speeds up the process and gives a clean cut, but this will require using the correct working techniques.
Wheel speed is critical.
The higher it is, the smaller the size and number of small chips will be. A common mistake is using a tool with a large diameter disc. According to the experts, it is easier and safer to use a small angle grinder, especially when making curved cuts.
The quality of the edging depends on several factors:
- the accuracy of the mowing line of the cut;
- reliability of fixing the material, no surface movement during operation;
- the correct choice of the side from which the tile is cut;
- tool used (disk).
The cutting technology depends on the characteristics of the material, the thickness of the tile and the configuration that you want to give. The easiest way is to make a straight cut; to give a curved shape, you will have to use special methods.
Important! To obtain the desired result, you will need to organize a workplace with a device for firmly fixing the tiles and convenient access to the treated surface.
Which glass cutter to use for tiles?
Glass Cutter. Roller Cutter with Cobalt, Tungsten or Pobedit Carbide Edge.
The latter material tends to quickly lose its sharpness and reduce the quality of the cut, so experts do not recommend using it on ceramic tiles. But tungsten and cobalt lend themselves well to sharpening even after the expiration of the wear period, although they are more expensive than others.
Another suitable option is an oil glass cutter, where lubricant is applied to the cutting area. It facilitates the processing process, reduces surface resistance, gives a high quality cut and extends the service life of the device.
The most durable and high quality glass cutter is diamond. For comparison, tungsten devices are capable of processing up to 400 m of coating, diamond. up to 10,000 m. Corundum is firmly embedded in the head of the device, but as it becomes dull, its position can be changed. The absence of chips and burrs on the edge is guaranteed by a glass cutter with a diamond.
This is a special device, in which a glass cutter and a “breaking knot” were originally connected on the basis of pliers. At cost, they are very democratic, the price is from 250-300 rubles. And the speed and quality of the cut depend on experience.
They are used in the same way as with a regular glass cutter, only to break the cut tile, they use the “breaking knot”.
The advantages and disadvantages of this device are the same as those of the glass cutter (see below).
For which tile the glass cutter is not suitable?
The use of a glass cutter is justified only for glazed varieties of tiles, the surface of which resembles glass in structure and appearance. Limitations also apply to the thickness of the tile product. its maximum indicators should not exceed 5 mm.
It is impossible to cut mirror tiles with a glass cutter. Its dimensions and installation scheme are selected in such a way that one-piece elements are used.
Gypsum tiles are not recommended for processing. its rough coating will be difficult to cut, crumble and delaminate. Not the best option would be ceramic tiles of a high class of wear resistance (from two or more). These are durable and tough types of materials such as porcelain stoneware and floor tiles.
However, as for porcelain stoneware, its suitability for cutting will be determined by the brand. For example, Chinese tiles lend themselves well to processing with diamond and oil glass cutters.
You can trim tiles using:
- Tile cutters of various designs;
- Glass cutter;
- angle grinder with cutting disc;
- With the tools at hand.
Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. But a big role here is played by knowledge of the technological subtleties of the process, and the ability to use them in practice. We will tell you more about this below.
Tile cutters are divided into manual and electric, and those, in turn, are professional and household. Professional tile cutters differ from household ones in that they have a much longer service life in intensive operation. Accordingly, if you need to lay tiles in one or two rooms, or even an apartment, then the possibilities of a household tile cutter will be enough in abundance. over, the cost of these devices may differ by an order of magnitude.
Additional options, such as cutting at an angle to the plane of the tile, drilling holes, are rarely required. But they have a significant impact on the price of the product. And there are rulers and clamps on all devices of this type.
Electric tile cutters
In principle, the electric tile cutter is an angle grinder with a cutting disc, fixed in the bed. Of course, cheap models only make straight cuts. Expensive devices are capable of performing cuts at an angle to the front surface. For this, they are equipped with a turntable. But after spending a little time, you can do the same job manually. And cheap tile cutters are more designed for self-soothing than for real work.
To get rid of dust, electric tile cutters have an integrated tray that must be filled with water. All microscopic debris and dust settle in the water.
The advantages include versatility, i.e. any tile can be cut.
Among the disadvantages of these devices, one should note the noise and the possibility of chips on the front surface when using low-quality discs and fast tile feed.
stage. preparation for work
If the necessary technology for cutting ceramic tiles is not followed, you can get ugly chipped products. Therefore, you should carefully prepare for work. You should also take into account the factor of future marriage and purchase additional 5 tiles in reserve in case a high-quality cut does not work out and the tiles being processed will burst crookedly.
Before starting to cut tiles, you need to take care of the availability of the necessary tools in advance. For cutting you will need:
- glass cutter;
- metal ruler or corner;
- a pencil for drawing a mowing line marking;
- sandpaper or emery stone for polishing chipped edges;
- work gloves to protect hands from damage from sharp tiles.
- with diamond tip.
A diamond tool is not suitable for separating ceramics, therefore, only a roller should be used. The tool must be of high quality. A bad cutter will not cut a groove of the desired thickness on the tile, and the break of the product will be uneven.
To prevent the tiles from cracking during the cutting process, they must first be soaked in plain water. Moisture will fill the porosity inside the clay product, and it will become more flexible and lose its fragility. The minimum time for such “water procedures” is 1 hour, but it is optimal to hold it for 3-4 hours, especially if the tile is large.
To successfully cut a tile, you need to correctly calculate its future size. Take into account the distance between the tiles and the gap in front of the wall by 3 and 2 mm, respectively. Therefore, from the distance from the edge of the last laid canvas and the wall, you need to subtract 5 mm. this will be the required width of the future product.
On a tile soaked in water, measure the desired size of the future product with a ruler. On the glossy side, where the glaze is applied, it is necessary to outline with a pencil or felt-tip pen, which can be easily removed, the marking of the future incision. It should be noted that you can only break off the edge of the tile, which is not less than 1 cm. Otherwise, you can easily split the ceramics not along the mowing line of the cut. Therefore, in such a situation, it is better to grind off the excess with an emery stone.
stage. performing cutting of ceramics
Cutting a tile with a glass cutter is similar to cutting glass with the same tool. The soaked and marked ceramic sheet should be placed on a flat hard surface with the glossy side up. It is best to wear work gloves to avoid injury to your hands. On the mowing line, the markings are required to be drawn with a glass cutter, pressing on it. For the accuracy of the mowing line, it is wiser to use a ruler, angle or template as a guide. It is recommended to guide the cutting tool in the direction from the far edge of the ceramic towards you. The pressure on the cutter should be of medium force in order to both cut the tile and not crush it.
When cutting ceramics, the main thing is to cut through the strong outer layer. You will get an even, thin line of the groove, weakening the strength of the tile. For a thick plate, you need to make a groove on the back side. The groove from the glass cutter remains shallow, it is impossible to cut the tile with a glass cutter. Therefore, a refined clay product must be broken into two parts along the mowing line of the cut.
In order for the tile to be of high quality after cutting, without cracks, you must be able to break it correctly. There are several ways to separate pieces of a clay plate:
- It is necessary to position the tiles on the table so that the line of the notch and the edge of the furniture match. With one hand, you need to hold the edge of the tile left on the countertop, and with the other hand, gently press on the free part of the ceramic. Thanks to such manipulations, the tile should gently break along the mowing line of the groove.
- Place a match or a small nail along the mowing line of the cut under the tiles and lightly press on both sides with your hands. If the cut is made correctly, then the tile will split along the mowing line of the groove.
- If it becomes necessary to break off a narrow strip of tile, then it is better to disconnect it with pliers.
To break evenly, you need to evenly distribute the force over the entire mowing line of the cut. When separating the parts, do not lift them high, otherwise they may fall and break. If irregularities have formed after cutting, then they can be broken with carpenter’s scissors. If necessary, cut the tile not straight, but in a circle, you need to make a marking with a pencil, make a notch with a cutting tool and carefully bite off small pieces with pliers, forming a depression.
At the end of the work, it is advisable to grind the cut point with coarse sandpaper or a grinding stone. You will get a beautiful smooth surface, the cut will look neat and aesthetically pleasing.
Cutting tiles with a glass cutter in 3 steps
Before starting repairs in the bathroom or in the kitchen on your own, it is better to learn how to cut tiles with a glass cutter, because this is a very simple and cheap way. After all, resorting to the help of a master is expensive, as well as purchasing special equipment for cutting tiles. Therefore, with a small front of work, it is better to do everything yourself and with a simple tool. The only thing that is necessary in this case is to be careful not to chip the edges of the ceramic product with a glass cutter, and everything will work out.
stage. the nuances of cutting tiles with a glass cutter, advantages and disadvantages
Special power tools and electrical appliances are much more convenient for cutting ceramic products than glass cutters. But such special devices are much more expensive. Therefore, if tile cutting is carried out at home with small amounts of work, it is more practical to use a glass cutter. After all, it is completely inappropriate to use expensive tools when you only need to cut a few tiles.
The glass cutter has some advantages over other tile cutting devices:
Cutting Ceramic Tile with a Glass Cutter_ITRK SUPPLY
- affordable price;
- ease of use.
But the use of a glass cutter also has significant drawbacks:
- it is not suitable for large volumes of work;
- the tool is not able to cut through dense tiles;
- there is a possibility of spoiling the tile.
Using such a tool is not very convenient. The cutter has a small roller that makes shallow grooves. Therefore, you have to break the tiles by hand, which gives rise to the risk of cracking the tile or its uneven break. Because of these sequential marking, notching and breaking procedures, the entire process of cutting the clay plate is rather long and tedious. Therefore, it is not recommended to use a glass cutter for large volumes of work.
Another glass cutter with its small roller is not able to cut through heavy-duty porcelain stoneware. He, too, is unlikely to scratch thick floor tiles to the depth necessary for breaking. The tool is only capable of cutting through thin wall tiles. Therefore, for large volumes of work or cutting powerful products, it is better to purchase a special tile cutter.