How to properly install an oscillator on a single-axle tractor

Types of perches

Hillers are used to ease the labor during the work associated with planting and cultivation of crops. Using the device, you can quickly cope with the planting and ditching of vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, beets and turnips.

Popularly used 4 types of models of equipment:

This equipment allows to automate all the stages of planting: making furrows and filling them with earth. Its application allows to planting material in even rows, which in the future will simplify activities related to care, as well as to save time and effort.

The common model is the lister oscillators, which are easy to make on your own. The other devices are difficult to assemble and are used for installation on expensive power tillers, which are not used for treatment of household plots and small plots of land.

By design

Depending on their design, lister devices are divided into adjustable and non-adjustable.

Non-adjustable models are a solid design, consisting of two mirrored plates that diverge at a certain angle and have a common stiffening rib. Adjustable are usually two-row designs, whose settings can change the depth and width of cultivation, due to the special arrangement of the constituent elements.

Rotary tiller (also called active planter) is installed in place of the tillers on a power tiller. With its help all the planting and weeding operations as well as harvesting and soil cultivation can be done in automated mode due to the additional device. rotor.

Disc implement has equal angles of inclination of discs, which ensures its balance. Externally, it looks like a frame placed on the wheels with suspended discs. When the equipment is working the discs grab the soil and sprinkle it on the place where the plant grows. the adjustment of the tines allows to change the distance between the discs and therefore between the rows. Convenient for chopping and loosening the soil.

According to the principle of operation

Depending on their function, there are two kinds of row (or double) and one kind of row.

properly, install, oscillator, single-axle

Two-row device allows you to handle a number of simultaneously from the spirit, and it is possible to select the processing angle and width of the furrow due to the specific location of the adjustable plates.

Single row perch is usually referred to the category of non-adjustable. They consist of a single plate, and their characteristics do not include multifunctionality, because this type can perform only one operation per unit of time.

Why do you need a tiller for a power tiller??

This element is used for planting and tending vegetables. It works quite simply: after installing the accessory and starting the tiller, the part tows the machine over the cultivated area with planted seeds, thus covering the future vegetation with a necessary layer of moist and a little loose soil. Such an operation is of considerable importance, because it allows to protect the seeds from negative atmospheric influences, to increase the level of oxygen saturation, to stimulate growth.

Experts point out that a power tiller also helps rid the ground of excess moisture to prevent rotting. After treatment, sunlight penetrates the ground much better, and some pests end up on the surface, where they are “cleaned” by birds. Some weeds are also destroyed, so the elementary treatment can safely be considered a partial substitute for the use of herbicides. It is important to note that the most common use of mounders is to cultivate potato plantings.

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How to hill the potatoes with a tiller

Every gardener knows that the hardest job after planting in the process of growing potatoes is to dip. Such work can be done both manually, when using a hoe or hoe, and with the help of special mechanisms. power tillers. Regardless of what means are available, you must remember that hilling is an obligatory procedure in the cultivation of potatoes. This is done to increase the flow of oxygen to the fruit, accelerate the growth of tubers and destroy weeds.

How to plant potatoes properly with a power tiller. tips and recommendations on how to work with a plow and a planter

How to plant potatoes to get a high yield? There is no unequivocal answer to this, as the time of sowing, furrow depth, row spacing, the quality of the potatoes themselves intended for planting, the climate and much more often play a major role here. But the hottest debate is about which way to plant potatoes more conveniently.

Each of these ways, as always, has its supporters and opponents, so how to perform this difficult work, everyone must decide for himself, but below we will consider ways of planting potatoes and their pros and cons.

Instructions

I would like to start with a consideration of the process of making a disk hoe, because this type of device is the most popular today.

By setting different disc sizes in diameter, it is possible to perform potato bush planting of different lengths.

The disk trowel

Many people wonder how to make an arrow for a power tiller with their own hands? At home this is quite realistic if you follow certain recommendations. So, let’s describe the manufacturing process step by step (for example, let’s take the disc coulter for the power tiller Neva):

  • To make it, we need cutters from an old planter, or metal sheets 2 mm thick. They are attached by means of bearings with seals.
  • Place them at an angle to each other. The distance between the lower parts of the disks should match the track width of the power tiller. They are connected by welding or with usual bolts.
  • Here it is necessary to follow the strict recommendation. the discs must be symmetrical to each other. Otherwise, the single-axle tractor with the rocker arm will skid to the side, which will significantly complicate the entire work process.
  • In addition to the discs themselves, the design includes a screw turnbuckle, T-type leash and legs. Turnbuckles, in this case, perform the adjustment function of turning the discs along the vertical axis.
  • Hiller for power tiller with his hands, the drawings and photos of which you see below, should be made in strict accordance with the dimensions. Of course there can be improvisation, but if you have your first experience, it is better to use someone else’s know-how.
  • Depending on the capabilities, you can make a fixed and adjustable width of the grip. The second method is more convenient, because you can change the interdisk distance by simply rearranging the struts.
  • To aggregate the rocker arm with a power tiller, you need to use a hitch bracket, which does not have a ridge. The arm rest is attached to the hitch with a stopper, connected with bolts and washers. The stopper itself is inserted into a square tube and then tightened.
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The same method is used for making the disk mower for power tiller Salyut, because the design and method of connection to the power tiller is completely identical with the Neva.

Otherwise, the manufacturing principle is fully identical to that of the fixed lister version.

Disc coulter for power tiller device and application

The most common on farms are fixed or variable width planters and disc coulters.

Both types differ only in the design of the sliding wings that set the working width.

Design of the fixed and variable width planter for the tiller

Hillers with fixed width are usually mounted on light tillers weighing up to thirty kilograms with engine power up to 3.5 horsepower. The difference is the thin 12mm diameter sticks that act as overload protectors for lightweight tillers.

The variable width planter is the most popular planter type for farmers because of its comparatively low cost and ease of use. The disadvantage of this type of hoe is that some of the earth, after pouring on the rows of plants, rolls down into the furrow.

This disadvantage is to a large extent removed from the t.name. “Dutch-style rocker arms, a separate subtype of variable-width rocker arm. Their wings not only have the ability to move sideways, but also up and down. These riders are designed for connection to power tillers weighing more than thirty kilograms with engine power of 4.0 hp and above.

Setting the working depth of the rear hoe

Use the side bolt 1 to lock the depth of the arrow on the tiller. Use a bolt2 with the head pointing up to the buttstock to keep the threads from bending in the vertical position. Align the ridge to a perfectly horizontal position with the two bolts B on the coupling bracket and secure with locknuts D.

Setting the working width of the working width

Adjust the working width of the rocker arm with bolt B and the nut.

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The universal linkage hitch has no screw mechanism for adjusting the angle of attack, but instead uses a vertical slot in the hinge bracket, so that the linkage does not wobble during tillage.

Before setting the angle of the arrow, first set the correct depth and then look at the share. If the top end is angled forward, the share tip will pull the wet soil lumps out onto the surface, causing the tiller to brake and go from side to side.

To prevent this, loosen the two bolts on the hitch bracket and move the riders up on the vertical groove, so that the single axle tractor will “roll backwards” and the share bar will be upright. If the share bar is angled to the rear, it will not go as deep as it should go. So move the ridgeline down the vertical groove until the rear tip is in the upright position.

Check the uprightness of the bar by the heel of the rudder between the wings at the bottom and across the bottom of the furrow. After installation tighten the nuts on the bolts securing the ridges to the coupling brackets. Setting the angle of attack for the other mounted implements in the same way.

Disc coulter for power tiller: device and application

The disc coulter bar has a T-shaped lever, two tines, two discs and two thumbscrews. The discs are constantly angled forward and the angle of the discs can be adjusted around the vertical axis by means of turnbuckles.

The disc coulter is very pleasant to work with if one prerequisite is met. set the discs so that the space between their lower points is equal to the width between the rows (whereby the track width of the tiller wheels is also equal to the width between the rows).

Discshare for tillers

To adjust the spacing between the lower points of the discs, reposition the C-pillars of both discs and the bolts B in the various holes on the arbor.Thus the width between the rows varies from 35 to 70 cm. Secondly, to prevent the buttock from being pulled to the side, we set the same disc rotation angles by turning the turnbuckles.

Setting the spacing of the packer discs

To make it easier to turn the turnbuckle, use the following method of securing the turnbuckle ears: put a nut or thick washer 1 between the leash bar and the turnbuckle ear, and thread the bolt through the turnbuckle ear, nut and bar. Tighten the whole thing with nut 2. Then loosen this nut by 0.5-1 turn and tighten it with nut 3.

The turnbuckle and the bar for the share

A disc coupler is attached to the power tiller on a hitch bracket that has no ridges. Like the ridge, the rocker arm is attached to the rocker arm by a stopper and two bolts with flat washers. The square tube of the bracket is put on the stopper, and the bolts firmly press the headstock from the outside to the square tube.

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Then, using the two bolts B, the coupling bracket is turned until the tyre packer bar is positioned exactly in line with the longitudinal axis of the tractor. In this position, the leash is secured with G nuts.

Tow bar attachment for the disc tiller

It’s best to work with the tiller for the power tiller in first gear. When the progressive speed of the walking tractor is low it is much easier for the operator to work, and the traction of the walking tractor increases accordingly. If your planter has only one front gear, try pairing the wheels to prevent them from spinning.

Hillering potatoes with a power tiller video podkotka

Potato mowing is an agricultural operation that involves covering the bases of potato bushes with soft, loose soil. When pulling the tiller the soil is shifted from between the rows to the row of potatoes. Hillering creates good conditions for the development of root crops, improves soil aeration, as well as destroys weeds.

Many people are interested in the question: when to perform potato hilling and how to hoe potatoes with a power tiller. Experienced gardeners perform mowing two to four times per season. It is well known that potato tubers are not able to grow any deeper than 15 cm from the soil surface and that hilling helps to create space for them to grow in different directions.

So mowing helps to increase the yield and quality of the potatoes. Potatoes should be mounded when the soil is saturated; it’s best to do this after a morning dew or rain. If you bury the potatoes in dry soil, you will kill the plant, so never bury them on hot days.

The first burying of the potatoes

As soon as the potatoes have sprouted, do the first dip. If there is a possibility of frost, then cover the tubers completely. bury the tubers as high as possible and with a “hill”, because normally the soil falls down and the efficiency of the burying decreases. When the plants have grown to around 30 cm then do the hilling once more. Make sure that after raking the soil on the rows, the stalks remain upright.

Cultivating potatoes with a conventional or a disk hoe. Setting a conventional mower, set the depth of the plunge and the angle of attack. with a single-axle tractor, simply place it on level ground (no support), let the mouldboard stand on the ground with its stand upright, this is equivalent to setting the right angle of attack, then hitch it to the tractor hitch.

If the working depth of the hillock goes too deep into the ground, or comes out of the ground, tilt the stand back by raising the share, or tilt it forward by raising the share.

Adjusting the rocker prior to work

Before working with the disc coulter, adjust the distance between the lower points of the discs to the width between the beds (35 to 70 cm, depending on the crop) and the angle of attack, which must be the same for both discs, otherwise the coulter will be pulled to the side.

With disc mowers there is another parameter. the angle of the discs’ inclination in relation to the vertical, but it is almost always constant and cannot be regulated.

When the wheels have a diameter of about 70 cm and a width of 10-14 cm, they do not damage the plants. So before working with the disc coulter it is best to fit the right wheels. There is no ridge on the disc coupler, but instead there is an ogee lever, which allows you to adjust all the necessary parameters.

The rulers come in the following varieties:

  • Lister. ideal for the beginner. Structurally it is a thin stand with two fixed wings. Used on power till 3,5 l. с. and is particularly well suited for narrow row spacing of up to 25-30 cm. Use on wet and heavy soils is somewhat difficult because of soil buildup, but on light and dry soils, the spudger works great.
  • A disk-shaped one is another easy-to-make rocker. Based on the design of the discs fixed at an angle. It can be used not only to dip plants, but also to form furrows for planting. However, the cost of the equipment is quite high, so they prefer to make it by hand.
  • Dutch planter has wings that swivel both horizontally and vertically. It allows for deep tillage. Another big advantage of this model is its affordable price.
  • Propeller. an active spudger, which not only loosens the soil, but also sprinkles it to the roots of plants. Very effective, economical, but not suitable for all power tillers, because it requires a second gear, which is not on every model. It is also not easy to make by hand.

What type of hoeing equipment to choose? It depends on the type of work performed, type of soil and other factors. Definitely can be said that the lister and disc types are easier to make on your own.

Lister planter for tillers

Lister

A simple design, few parts, and excellent functionality set the lister mower apart from the others. It has a fixed working width and consists of two wings and a leg. It is important to note that it is designed for light work. treatment of narrow row-spacing up to 25-30 cm in width, and is installed only on the lightweight till 3.5 l. с. It is very sensitive to overload, so it is equipped with a thin stand. it will bend, but it will protect the single-axle tractor from breakage. Because of its sensitivity to overloading, it is undesirable to use a lister structure on hard and wet ground.

Order of manufacturing

  • at least 3 mm thick steel plate;
  • steel strip 4 mm wide;
  • 5 mm thick sheet;
  • 8 mm thick strip for the rack;
  • 2 mm thick sheet.

In the first step, a drawing is made with all dimensions. Ready-made drawings can be easily found on the Internet if you wish. Then you should make a life-size cardboard model (important for beginners), and then you can begin working with metal blanks.

  • The base is made of 3 mm thick sheet. It is a cylinder, to which the wings will be welded. The base is very heavy, so it must be as strong as possible.
  • A bracket is made from a 4 mm strip. It needs to be hardened (you can use a gas burner).
  • Make a field board from a sheet of 5 mm thick. It is used to hold the mower at the right depth. Like the bracket, it needs to be hardened.
  • From the thickest, 8 mm metal, we make a stand. On the one hand, the rack carries all the load, so it must be strong, on the other hand, it must not be too strengthened, so as not to damage the single-axle tractor.
  • The wings are cut from 2 mm thick sheet. After making sure that they are exactly as shown in the drawing, they are bent slightly and welded to the bed.
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It is therefore quite easy to make a lister. The main thing. do not spare time on the drawings (search for ready-made or self-made) and strictly follow the dimensions indicated on them.

Disk

The disc plow is very good at preparing furrows for planting both seeds and seedlings. It is convenient and easy to use, but it costs quite a bit. Fortunately, with some skill it is possible to make it yourself. The design is based on special moldboard disks. The hardest part is to calculate the angle at which they should be mounted. This is an important stage: the angles must be calculated as accurately as possible, only then is it possible to ensure the proper quality of ploughing.

Disc coulter on single axle tractor

How to make it

Make a disc mower with your own hands for a power tiller is slightly more difficult than a lister. Great attention must be paid to shaping discs. You can use used saw blades or discs as the basis.

  • Used circular saws or cutters from a seeder;
  • disc wheels;
  • stopper elements;
  • struts;
  • turnbuckles, fixing bolts and washers.
  • Set the discs strictly at the required angle and strictly symmetrically.
  • Connect the discs with adapters for adjustability.
  • Weld or bolt together the rest of the assembly.
  • Fasten screw turnbuckles and stands.

Because the disc-type weeder is comparatively difficult to make, it is worth taking ready-made drawings from the Internet. However, you can draw them yourself, the main thing is to maintain the exact distance between the bottom points of the discs.

properly, install, oscillator, single-axle

Propeller

To make propeller spuds for potatoes for your power tiller with your own hands is easier than it may seem at first sight. It not only provides high-quality potato mowing, but also loosens the soil well, at the same time sprinkling it to the plant roots. The only drawback. it is not suitable for power tillers with a single gear. However, if the existing model has a second gear (front), it is worth trying to equip it with a perch.

Order of manufacture

As in the case of disc models, it is necessary to carefully calculate the distance between the nozzles and the angle of their installation. Optionally, the blades can be fitted with teeth by cutting them out or using used saw blades. The tines provide more effective loosening of the soil, and are also great for removing weeds.

  • Make axles and fit them to the tiller.
  • Make the base and stand out of metal.
  • Cut out the blades from steel sheet or saw blades and bend them slightly to the outside.
  • Weld all the parts according to the diagram.

If a farmer has a need for different types of hubs (e.g., for different crops), it makes sense to make several hubs with brackets and different sets of blades. This works with other types of planter as well.

Propeller tine on a single axle tractor

How to make an arrow for a power tiller by yourself

Attachments do not come with the power tiller. These are made and sold separately. On the market of agricultural equipment to any type of cultivators, you can find a ridger, designed for the pulling power of your horse. But the problem is that the ready-made tool costs more than 10 thousand, and this for a villager in modern conditions is a significant amount. But you can find everything you need to build a power tiller in a junkyard or out of the countryside.

In order to install the propeller header, you must make sure that your power tiller has a twin-shaft engine with reverse, 2 forward speeds. There must be a selective shaft.

First we must decide whether we are going to make a disc or a lister. Single or double row tool will pull the tedder. Do you need to provide sliding wings, adjustable distance between the two tools. That is, before you build, a planter for a power tiller with your own hands, you need drawings and videos, such as this:

Of course, it is necessary to have skills to work with metal. Not every villager will discern valuable components in an abandoned heater barrel. That is why craftsmen are approached for advice, asking for help.

But not only the discs, the device for fixing them must be thoughtful, and to help the craftsman, we offer drawings of a disc mower for the tiller with his hands.

Here you can see the size and section of the most important components of the homemade planter, in addition to the discs.

The design will undergo significant changes, if you can find discs from decommissioned huskers or other agricultural equipment. In any case, when making the frame you need to think about the system for adjusting the discs.

The wisdom of masters with golden hands is infinite. So if there are no discs, they can be replaced by a circular blade from a circular saw. The steel is of good quality; the teeth additionally loosen the soil. Otherwise the circular saw blade would not rotate. But the steel is tool, and in the hands of a craftsman, the disk hoe for the tiller with his hands will work effectively.

When creating a new implement in your homestead, don’t forget safety precautions. When carrying out welding work, you work with a mask. But at this time, “bunnies” can be caught by loved ones, watching the craftsman. Take care of the safety of others when working with a dangerous tool.