How to put a drill bit on a perforator. Concrete vibrator nozzle for a hammer

What are chucks for rotary hammers and how to repair them?

It is difficult to imagine the processing of concrete without such a power tool as a peorator. Not only can it drill into concrete, but it is also excellent for cutting holes in metal, plastic, wood and other structures. To do this, you will need to insert the appropriate nozzles in the tool retainer. Exactly how the chuck for a peorator is designed, what kinds of them there are and how they differ is described in detail in this article.

drill, perforator, concrete, nozzle, hammer

Even children know what a peorator is. In order for this tool to do the necessary useful work, it is necessary to install an attachment in the design of the actuator, i.e. a chuck. Power tool, unlike a drill, is able to perform not only rotational, but also a reciprocating manipulation (percussion). Percussive movements are needed to solve problems with strong materials such as concrete and reinforced concrete.

The torch is used to attach the attachment and to perform the necessary manipulations with the tool. If collet clamping devices are used on drills, then only mechanisms with a special design are used on the peorator. It is this particular design that makes the saw much more effective at working on concrete bases. Drill chucks look almost identical to their counterparts on the rotary table. The collet mechanism on the clamping devices of the drill consists of three jaws, which, under the influence of rotational force, press evenly against each other, thereby clamping reliably the cylindrical design of the nozzles. Learn the construction of the chucks on the peorator below.

How to insert the drill

In order for this process to go smoothly, it is important to follow some consistent steps:

  • Before you install the drill in the drill, make sure that the drill is unplugged.
  • Then insert the drill bit into a chuck. To do this, first check that the drill bit used is designed for the specific tool.
  • To reduce chuck wear on the chuck, you can lubricate the drill bit with a special grease. There is an option to put it in the chuck hole.
  • Next, attach the drill bit.
  • Once you have inserted the drill into the chuck, it is important to make sure it does not wobble.

Do not touch the rotating parts of the drill or the rotary table during drilling. You can see that the installation of the drill is no problem at all.

It depends on the chuck you use. But what to do if you can’t remove the core bit from the chuck after the work?

Some tips for using the tool

It is worthwhile reminding yourself how to work with the rotary tool. This information will be useful for beginner builders.

  • When working, protective equipment must be used: earplugs, gloves, goggles.
  • Do not exert force on the rotary table during operation.
  • Do not allow the machine to run idle.
  • If the material to be drilled is very hard, it is necessary to apply lubricant. An alternative to grease can be regular machine oil.
  • If a long drill bit is used, the drilling process must be made shorter.
  • To increase the life of the tool, you should periodically cool the drill in water or oil, take breaks in the work.

The peorator has firmly entered the life of the builder and installer today. This tool will last a long time if treated properly.

With the advent of reinforced concrete structures, no interior or exterior repair is without a torch. On the market, the range of such devices is represented by a large variety. But the basic mechanisms work pretty much the same. This statement is true primarily for the process of reinstalling drills.

How to insert a drill bit into a peorator, an electric screwdriver and a drill

The popularity of the question of how to insert a drill into a peorator, a drill into a drill or a bit into an electric screwdriver, can be explained quite simply: such devices are actively used in both industrial and domestic conditions. In this article, a master plumber will tell you how to properly operate the tool.

  • The impossibility of working with a peorator, drill or electric screwdriver;
  • Obtaining uneven holes with a broken inner surface;
  • The drill bit’s protrusion, which can cause serious injury.

Despite the fact that the insertion of the drill bit in the peorator or drill is not that difficult, it should be approached responsibly.

Before figuring out how to correctly install the drill bit in the geodrill, it is advisable to find out how to insert the drill bit into the drill. The element of its design, in which the drill shank is fixed, is the chuck.

  • The bodies are cylindrical in shape;
  • Rings or sleeves that rotate around the outer surface of the housing;
  • The cams on the inside of the housing.

When rotating the sleeve clockwise, the cams simultaneously approach each other, thereby securely clamping the shank of the drill bit to be installed.

Accordingly, the question of how to remove the drill bit from the drill is not difficult to solve: just start turning the sleeve counterclockwise. The cams will separate, allowing you to easily remove the core bit from the drill. Please remember that the jaws must be unclamped before the drill bit is inserted to make it easier to insert the drill bit.

The convenience of using cam-type chucks lies not only in the speed and high reliability of tool installation, but also in the fact that drills of almost any diameter can be inserted into them. No problem as a rule arises with such chucks when changing a drill bit in a drill. A properly inserted tool will hold securely in these chucks and allow you to drill a precise hole.

Please note! If you start to notice the teeth slipping when you tighten the chuck, replace the wiped out wrench with a new one

Cam chucks are used in both industrial and domestic drilling tools. The chuck devices for household drills are available in two drill diameter ranges: 0.8 to 10 and 1.5 to 13 mm.

In the first case, the sleeve is actuated with a special wrench, which has teeth on the cone working part. To operate the workholding mechanism, the wrench must be inserted into the side holes of the chuck and rotated. There can even be three such holes in some models. Accordingly, to loosen or tighten the jaws, a wrench must be inserted in each of them and the tool must be turned anticlockwise or clockwise.

After releasing the jaws with the spanner, turn the chuck itself anticlockwise to increase the space between the jaws to the required size. the inserted tool is locked in the reverse order: first the chuck itself is clamped (by turning it clockwise) and then the sockets are clamped with the wrench.

In addition to drills, quick-action chucks are used on screwdrivers. It is much easier and quicker to remove and insert drill bits or bits with this chuck. In it, the sleeve is driven by manually rotating it. In order to limit the pulling force of the jaws they are often equipped with locking elements.

Although the rotary drill is a more complex tool than a drill and screwdriver, the drill bits and drills retention system in the chuck makes it relatively easy to insert and remove the accessories. The system of tool fastening in the chuck is named SDS (Special Direct System).

drill, perforator, concrete, nozzle, hammer
  • SDS-plus. The most common mounting system. Applicable for all inexpensive household peorators. The drill has two longitudinal grooves and two oval grooves. The fastening system is used in rotator of up to 4 kg. Diameter of the shank is 10 millimeters.
  • SDS-top. This method is used up to 8 kg and is characterized by higher reliability. The system is designed for high impact power. Shank enlarged to 14 millimeters in diameter.
  • SDS-max. The clamping system is used on the most powerful peorators. The drill already has three grooves and two oval grooves, and the shank diameter is 18 millimeters. Permits very high torques.

As you can see from the description, the three systems are not interchangeable, so care must be taken when purchasing accessories. If you buy a drill with the SDS-top fastening system, and your peorator has a chuck with the SDS-plus system, then you will not be able to install it on the peorator.

Please note! Use the cam-type adapter to fit a drill bit with a cylindrical shank in the georator

Before inserting the drill bit into the peorator, the shank of the working tool must be treated with a special grease that will protect it against corrosion.

Mounting the work tool on the rotary table

As mentioned above, you must check that the core drill is working properly before installing the drill. To do this check, the operating mode of the trimmer is set to drilling without striking. If you can hear and feel the engine running smoothly and without shock when you press the start button, you can use the torch for its intended purpose by inserting the drill bit or drill bit into it.

To fit a drill bit with a cylindrical shank in the geodrill, use the adapter with a cam-type chuck

Before you insert the drill into the geodrill, the shank of the working tool must be coated with a special grease that protects it against corrosion. The procedure for positioning the drill in the core drill is as follows.

Bosch vibrator nozzle #ytshorts

  • Place the back of the drill on the floor or another hard surface.
  • The sliding part of the clamping device is pulled back.
  • Insert the tool into the torch as far as it will go. Hold the drill or auger to be reinserted in the torch vertically. If this requirement is neglected, you may be faced with the fact that the tool will fly out or even break, and it can also lead to failure of the groomer itself.

Press until a gap is felt, then pull the auger, if it does not come out. everything is OK

Taking into account the fact that the clamping cartridges of modern geared torches are characterized by a rather simple principle of operation, there are usually no questions as to how to take the drill bit out of the torch.

when removing the old drill bit and replacing it with a new one, it is advisable to immediately clean the drill shank of grease and construction dust. The drill shank that you are going to insert should also be cleaned and pre-lubricated. A tool substituted in this way will not damage the clamping mechanism of the peorator and will last much longer.

The grease extends the working life of the drill and the rotary table as well

Using a peorator, you can not only get a drilled element of the construction, but also perform processing with a special chisel. You can also set as a working body of such a device mixer.

Home craftsmen also often have questions about how to insert the drill into an electric screwdriver or how to change the chuck on the peorator. It is quite simple to solve the first problem, because the design of an electric screwdriver uses the same chucks as a drill and a torch. But the question of how to correctly replace the chuck on the torch should be approached knowledgeably: to perform such a procedure without some knowledge and skills is not easy.

If the nozzle is stuck

Like any tool, even a high-quality rotary tool can become jammed. This becomes a problem when doing the work, which has several variants and reasons.

First, when the drill bit is stuck in the removable chuck, and second, if the nozzle is jammed in the peorator itself.

When the problem is in the tool clamp or detachable head itself, just pour some liquid like WD-40 into the chuck and wait a while. The compound will loosen the grip of the clamping device and the drill can be removed without any problems.

There are cases, when there are no special mixtures and machine shops at hand. The way out can be the usual kerosene. It is also filled, and after waiting for 10 minutes, try to free the nozzle. Some light tapping on the clamp and some wiggling of the auger is acceptable. After the drilling process is complete, the drill bit has to be thoroughly cleaned and lubricated.

Failure can also be caused by poor quality of the drill itself. If a cheaper and softer metal alloy was used in the production, the head can damage the drill during operation.

There are several ways to correct this problem. The first thing to try is to clamp the drill in a vise and, holding the tool in his hands, loosen the nozzle and pull it toward you. If the deformation is not very serious, the nozzle can be pulled out.

The second option involves double fixation of the vise. the peorator on one side, and the drill on the other. Then take a small hammer and hit the drill in the direction of the exit from the clamp. In such an operation, you can use WD-40.

When all else fails, you can try removing the chuck components and turning the drill back about 90 degrees. However, such a method can completely ruin the parts of the clamping device.

But if this option does not work, it is better not to try to disassemble the device. It is better to give such a peorator to a workshop of competent professionals.

It is necessary to note that in order to reduce the possibility of such failures to a minimum, it is better to choose high-quality nozzles of leading brands. As a rule, such an investment is paid back by the long working time of the tool.

The nozzle can get stuck not only in the mechanism of the unit, but also in the wall during operation. In this case, you can try to release the drill bit or drill bit by turning the device in reverse (reverse).

If this method does not work, then the nozzle is released from the clamp, another is inserted, and by drilling out the wall around the stuck nozzle, take it out. If the drill breaks during work, its remains are removed from the clamp, and the piece stuck in the wall is drilled out or simply cut with a grinder at the same level as the work surface.

Detailed instructions on how to attach the drill bit to the peorator in the video below.

The rotary tool is one of our most popular tools today, so it’s hard to underestimate its usefulness. The tool is used by experienced professionals and amateurs alike. In many situations, it would be tight without this device. In this article, we look at how to insert the drill bit into the peorator without damaging it. Knowing how to use the tool properly helps to bring your work to perfection. To insert the drill into the tool, you will need a peorator, drill bit, chuck and grease.

What is a peorator

Before installing the drill bit in the torch it is first of all worth to understand the following Today it is difficult to complete a repair or construction without the help of the torch. When you need to drill, this tool is indispensable. The peorator is used for concrete and brick work, and is often used for metal or wood work as an ordinary drill.

Many functions make this tool versatile. rotation with impact, impact without rotation, rotation without impact, drilling in concrete, jackhammer function, drilling in wood and metal, and many more. It is necessary to know that there are many types of peorator. The principle of use of the tool is the same, but if you need to drill a wide and deep hole, it is better to use a larger and more powerful tool.

Peorator accessories

To work with this tool, you need different accessories. drills, concrete drills for the peorator, chisels, blades and crowns. Drills and core bits are used for drilling holes, augers are designed for concrete and stone, chisels are used for chisel work, and trowels are needed for knocking down plaster or old tile. All cutting attachments are shank shaped, which ensures quick and safe fixation in the chuck.

Read also: Hand operated worm gear jack

Special corner nozzles, dust extraction system, stirrers for stirring mortars or paints, chisels and various types of attachments (drill bit sharpening, water pump, sheet metal cutting attachment) may also be used with the peorator. Before you start any work with the torch, make sure it is properly equipped and suitable for the work to be performed. Too small a tool may not be able to handle a heavy load.

Protective equipment

Always wear protective equipment when working with the rotary table. Such tools are goggles, earplugs, and gloves. Also wear special clothes and do not allow anything to get caught up in the drill bit. When working with the tool, do not put pressure on it, it can end badly.

How to Insert a Drill Bit

The impact drill itself is also a sharp release mechanism. Securely fasten the drill bit in it by means of special balls that fit tightly into the grooves on the day of the drill bit when it is closed.

In order to fix the required attachment, whether it is a drill or a drill bit, it is necessary:

  • Lower the lower part of the cartridge downwards (in the direction of the perforator)
  • Holding it in this position, insert a suitable nozzle;
  • Release the cartridge.

To put the drill into the drill with the adapter, first fix the removable nozzle that is fastened at the base with grooves for the tool. Then the drill bit is inserted exactly. To remove the drill bit or drill bit, you must do all of the above steps again.

Here I would like to note that any manipulation with the installation and removal of a drill or other tools should be preceded by a check of the working condition of the mechanism. To do this, plug the device into the mains and, after setting the desired operating mode, press the start button. If you do not hear unusual noises and at the same time do not smell any peculiar smells of burning or burned plastic, then you are ready to use the tool.

Selecting a Drill Bit for the Peorator

Now drills are made of carbon steel, high-speed steel and alloy steel. If you have to work with hard materials, the drill can be equipped with a heavy hard solder. Drills. Choppers, center drills, straight flutes and spiral drills (for deepest drilling).

You can also buy a drill bit made for wood, metal, stone, concrete, glass, ceramic, diamond or the universal version. Before fixing the drill in the peorator, it is necessary to determine the type, whether you want the work to be done correctly. The color of the drill shows the appearance of the final result.

If the drill is colored dark, it means that it was treated with overheated steam, but it has no effect on quality, despite the widespread belief that darker drills are stronger. If the drill is brown or slightly golden in color, it is likely to be stress relieved. Drills treated with titanium nitrile, have an eye-catching golden color, such options are expensive and long-lasting.

Usually, excellent companies indicate on drill boxes its properties, such as the steel grade and the material to be worked with. If the drill bit is very warm during work, it means that it is flaky or has not been sharpened correctly.

Types of drills for the peorator

It should be noted immediately that the drill is a tool for a drill, and in peoratori used drill. The difference is explained by the fact that the peorator, though it makes holes, but does it with simultaneous chiseling, that is obtained by drilling.

Drill, similar to an ordinary spiral drill bit, is used to make round holes, usually under a dowel or nail dowel. In construction stores it is often defined as a core drill.

Chisel designed to remove plaster, tile, tile or any other end-of-life coating. It is easy to dismantle by simply prying under the material to be removed.

It is convenient to use the file for piercing, punching holes in concrete or other hard surfaces. The tool has a significantly larger diameter than a drill, and is distinguished by its increased “chop” ability. This tip is used when larger holes need to be drilled than can be achieved with a drill.

Duct drill is indispensable when it is necessary to make holes for wiring or installation of interior items: guides for drywall structures, fixing of sliding or false walls.

Core bit is used for making holes for installing switches and sockets. Modern drills for peorators are available in all sizes, among others for installing these electrical devices.

For processing hard materials the augers are equipped with a super-hard tungsten carbide tip.

Even very robust metal drills for rotary hammers are ineffective in thicker material. Their area of application is limited to thin sheet metal.

Drills are classified into the following types depending on the type of their tip:

  • Auger drills designed for deep holes. Thanks to the spiral design and the high torque, dust and chips are removed, reducing the load on the rotary table and shortening the working time.
  • Auger with slightly inclined working jaws. For work that requires little force, such as making lots of shallow holes in relatively soft materials.
  • Auger with a significant slope of grooves, characterized by high drilling speed. The load of these drills is higher than that of auger drills. Designed for making deep holes.
  • SDSquick bits with one or more specially shaped spiral grooves or flutes. Such tip provides high drill bit stability, balanced rotation, low vibration stress on the torch.

Equally important is the shape of the rear part of the drill fitted in the chuck. the shank.

  • SDSplus. Suitable for low and medium power torches. Chuck penetration. 4 mm, tool shank size. 10 mm.
  • SDS. special guide system. The drill is held in the chuck by clamps. Diameter in the tail section 10 mm.
  • SDSmax. SDStop, used for heavy-duty professional tools. Diameter of shank is not 10, but 18 mm, the recess in the chuck is 9 mm.
  • SDStop. Primarily used in BOSH rotary tools. Tail size. 14 mm.
  • SDSquick. Developed by Bosch, also used only in Bosch products.

You should use only the same type of augers for certain types of chucks. Otherwise, the “tail” is not fixed, wiggles under the load, which can cause injury.

Drill bit for peorator what is it and why is it used

Everyone is familiar with such a tool as a hand drill for drilling holes in the ground for the installation of poles. To automate this process, manufacturers produce special attachments that look like a breakthrough drill.

They are different in that they are designed solely to get a hole in the ground. Drill with a core drill bit attachment in drilling mode. In this case, it is not unimportant to use high-powered pistol type units. Low-powered peorators will not be able to cope with such tasks.

Now you know what are the names and types of attachments for peorators. But this is not the end of the tool’s functionality. There are still many variants of nozzles, which are made by your own hands to facilitate the work on the removal of paint coatings from concrete surfaces. In conclusion, it should be noted that the more powerful a tool is, the wider its range of features is. If you have so far used the starter only for concrete drilling, now you can significantly expand its functionality, saving the purchase of a variety of tools.

Concrete Vibrator Nozzle