How to Remove an Engine from a Lawn Mower
Cutting elements in lawn mowers are important components that need special care. Over time, the blades become unusable. In this case, they should be sharpened or changed. Before removing the knife from the mower, the owner of the site must perform actions that will secure it during operation.
The functions of a knife in a lawn mower
The blade for the lawn mower performs the function of mowing the grass stand. Knives are made of stainless steel. Sharpening a knife affects the execution of work. A sharp tool evenly cuts the plants. Dumb. Leaves a fringe on them, that is, a cut of each blade of grass is obtained cut perpendicular to the surface into several parts. This happens if you tear the grass with your hands. As a result, the grass is cut neatly and evenly, the next day the cut is tightened. Such a lawn looks attractive and bright. In the second case, the area in front of the house is a dirty green color. Dissected sections are tightened only after 10-18 days.
Lawn mower knife
Note! An additional function of the knife in the lawn mower is to create an air stream during rotation, due to which the plants are transferred to the grass catcher. Blades often have several special serifs for this.
Reasons for Removing a Knife
Among the common reasons for removing or replacing a cutting element are as follows:
- Knife has no edge;
- The element bent and deformed;
- Chips and cracks are visible on the knife;
- The blade has sharpened and thinned.
When the knife becomes dull, bent, or deformed, the lawn after the mowing looks untidy. Competent sharpening will fix the situation.
Professionals advise to carry out the procedure once a year. It is better to do this in the spring, before starting work. If the cutting elements are blunt faster, then sharpen them more often.
If chips, cracks are visible on the blades, or it has sharpened and become thin, then in this case a replacement is necessary. Sharpening such a tool makes no sense. In addition, the blade can break at any time and fly out from under the machine body, injuring people or animals that are nearby. Such a device may also cause engine damage. Changing an element is allowed for a similar model. The characteristics of the knife are indicated in the instructions.
An independent process for the partial dismantling of a vegetation shearing unit begins with preparatory work. Observe safety measures and work with gloves. It is necessary to prepare a key in order to unscrew the mount, as well as a small board that will help fix the knife. The electrical appliance is unplugged. At gasoline, fuel is drained and the spark plug is turned off to exclude the possibility of sudden contact. Regardless of the type of machine, the owner must unscrew the grass catcher.
Important! Before turning the mower upside down or upside down, inspect it and prevent gas or oil leaks. The oil in the crankcase is best drained as well. Otherwise, if a leak occurs, it will be problematic to start the unit.
You can also not turn the mower over, but simply put it on a frame or two chairs that simulate a lift. After that, a person approaches the device from below.
Preparing to remove the knife
The mower can be equipped with:
- A single two-blade knife of various shapes;
- With two knives;
- Four-blade blades;
- Compound cutting design.
In the first case, one knife is used in the form of a small strip. Its length will be similar to that indicated in the characteristics of the device under paragraph width of the cutting mowing. Usually it is 30-50 cm.
In the second case, two knives are used, which are mounted at an angle of 180 degrees relative to each other.
On a note! Another version of the cutting system is four-blade blades. They are connected to each other by a common base or not.
In the latter case, we are talking about several knives located at different heights. Such a nozzle in the form of an upper blade is equipped with modern models that have the additional function of mulching the lawn. Plants from the grass tank fall onto the upper blades. The sharp edges carefully crumble the greens, which after the procedure covers the ground of the lawn and turns into mulch.
How to remove a knife from a lawn mower
- Before you remove the knife from the lawn mower, it is fixed with a strong board or log, rested in the ground. It is necessary that the knife, when removed, not move. However, some neglect this safety measure and simply hold the cutting insert by hand.
- Take a L-shaped socket wrench or a ring tool, perfect in size. It is not recommended to use pliers. This fitting and assembly item easily spoils the edges of the bolts.
- Typically, the cutting unit is fastened with one large bolt located in the middle. Modern models have several fasteners. As a result, you will have to unscrew them all.
- Bolts most often have right-hand threads. Therefore, to unscrew the bolt, the key is turned counterclockwise. In order to tighten it back, it is done the other way around, that is, they tighten the bolt clockwise.
- It happens that over time, the threaded pair sticks, rusts, and it becomes problematic to unscrew the bolt. In this case, special lubricants called liquid keys are used.
- If the removal was successful, and all the fasteners are intact, then the bolts, nuts, washers are removed into the box for safety. Perhaps these compounds will have to be reused.
Additional Information. Before you remove the knife, you must remember its position. Most often, the knives are pointed counterclockwise, and the rotation of the element occurs in this way. However, the tip is not suitable for all models. Therefore, the position of the element should be paid attention to. It is in the same position that you will have to put a new knife or screw the old one after sharpening.
Cleaning the knife before sharpening
Before sharpening the knife, it is thoroughly cleaned. On steel strips plant sap and small particles of grass accumulate. At the same time, the juice hardens over time and turns into a hard crust. It’s not worth washing the blades; it’s best to pick up a sharp metal scraper in the garage or use a tint brush.
It is not necessary to polish the cutting element of the machine to a shine, the main thing is to remove adhering waste. After that, it is necessary to improve the knife by straightening it and removing all irregularities. Bumps arise due to solid debris and stones falling onto the blades. The correct option in this case is to work with a hammer. Using this tool and a flat working surface on which the knife is placed, all local curvatures can be fixed.
Cleaning the knife before sharpening
Experts advise starting to align the blade from the edge, gradually moving to the middle part. As a result, the steel strip should become as flat as possible. Only in this case will it be able to fulfill its function, creating an air stream that transfers grass to the tank to collect plant debris.
Sharpening of cutting elements is organized as necessary. Many people ask: “Does a new knife need sharpening?” The answer is no. These elements are sharpened at the factory. After purchasing garden equipment, it can be used without additional work on removing and sharpening blades.
There are two ways to sharpen the cutting element of a lawn mower:
In the first case, work is organized if the blades are in relatively good condition and become dull only slightly. Typically, such sharpening is used if the owner sharpens the cutting elements of his garden tools several times during the season. If this is the case, then it will be quite enough to go through the edges with a file and correct them.
During operation, the curvature of the knife and roughness are removed. It is important to maintain the factory sharpening angles and descent. Both sides (blades) grind evenly. The sharpener is held in the same position. An imbalance cannot be allowed in which the coordinated operation of the blades cannot be achieved. Such a problem will lead to operational wear of the assembly units (bearings).
After the main sharpening, it is necessary to correct the edges. This is done in order to remove the smallest breaks. It is best to use sandpaper with a grain of 800 grit. Editing consists in a slight shift of the paper along the plane of the descents.
Note! Instead of a file, you can use the grinding bar. Before the procedure, it is soaked for a quarter of an hour in soap and water. During operation, it is also allowed to slightly moisten the instrument.
The machine will help to cope with work quickly and without putting much effort. The main thing in this matter is not to achieve too sharp edges. If you sharpen them as thin as a razor, then there is a high risk of chipping and breaking.
Sharpening on the machine
During operation, it is important to adhere to the correct angle and remove metal from the blades in the same amount. The machine does not eliminate sanding edges.
Before installing the knife on garden equipment, a check for balancing is performed. It aims to find out if the blades of the knife have the same weight. To do this, a sharp strip is put on the pencil with a central hole. The shoulders should be evenly balanced and have the same weight. If one of the sides pulls down, then it is again a little grind.
Knife Installation Rules
After the knife is sharpened, it should be put back. Installation of cutting elements is not very difficult. The main thing. Follow the rules:
- Determine what position the knife used to be in.
- In the same position, fix it with the new or old bolt, washer and nut.
- Do not overtighten the nuts. This will lead to deformation of the cutting device.
- During work, you should wear thick gloves on your hands. It is important to remember that updated blades are sharp.
- Once the mower is on the ground in its normal position, turning it on immediately is not recommended. It is necessary to wait an hour for oil from the crankcase walls.
Even the novice gardener can figure out the tricks to remove the cutting element from the lawn mower. However, when sharpening yourself, you should be extremely careful so as not to get injured or remove too much metal by thinning the knife.