How To Saw With A Jigsaw Without Chipping

Edging

In order for the edges to turn out without chips, you need to choose the right tool:

  • Needles are used when cutting out complex shapes. Thanks to them, the edges can be made rounded or angular. Set includes triangular, flat and round files.
  • For coarse products, it is quite possible to do with two files, flat and round.
  • When plywood sheets need to be processed before roughing the walls, use a flat rasp. With the help of it, the master will clean the edge from chips.

Important! During the grinding process, it is necessary to observe the direction of the fibers. The file must not move perpendicular to it.

  • Small parts are sanded with sandpaper.
  • Another way to achieve even edges is to glue the “path” of the cut with insulating tape when cutting.

Edge protection against chipping with insulating tape

Sawing tips

How to cut plywood properly to avoid chipping at the edges? To avoid such problems when working, you should take into account some of the nuances:

  • How to cut plywood with a jigsaw / saw to make it easier to work with? Several clamps will help the beginner master in such a matter. Thanks to them, cutting will be much easier. It is much more convenient to control the material and the tool when the sheet is firmly pressed against the table. Due to the reliable fixation of plywood, damage to the table itself can be avoided.
  • Drawings of any product can be found on the Internet.
  • Drawing from sheet to plywood can be transferred by copying.
  • How to cut plywood with a jigsaw to avoid chipping? When working with a manual jigsaw, you should always make sure that it moves perpendicular to the pile.

Correct position of the jigsaw in relation to the workpiece

Tips for working with a hand and electric jigsaw:

  • When working with an electric jigsaw, observe the tilt angle of the platform. Most often it can be customized.
  • In the process of cutting out simple shapes, you should monitor the position of the blade. The sawing should take place from the front of the figure contour.
  • If the cut is made in a straight line with the mowing line, then you should be guided by the pointer (on the platform). If there is no pointer, the contour should be drawn with a pencil.
  • To cut a complex hole with an electric jigsaw, you need to make a hole in any part of its contour. The drill diameter must be greater than the blade width.

Piercing the hole for the entrance of the jigsaw file with a special awl

  • If you are going to make a hole with a hand jigsaw, then the part should be pierced with an awl. Then you should thread the canvas through it. After the part is fixed again in the frame.
  • If an electric jigsaw is used, then the tool is turned in the process of work, and not a sheet of plywood (if you need to turn according to the picture). When working with a hand jigsaw, turn the plywood.
  • If you need to cut out a figure and a plywood sheet with cutouts, then cut out the cutouts first (turning the sheet is much easier than a small part).
  • During work, care should be taken to ensure that the material does not overheat. When the edge becomes hot, you need to pause for a while to allow the file to cool down. Otherwise, the teeth will lose their sharpening.

Important! Before changing the file or cooling it down, you must first de-energize the tool. Also, place the electric jigsaw on the surface only when it has completely stopped. If you ignore this rule, you can lose your fingers.

  • The canvas should be well taut. Otherwise the file will break.

How to choose a tool for cutting a plywood sheet?

To answer the question of how to cut plywood without chips, you need to find out which tool and in what cases is more appropriate to use.

The choice of the cutting tool depends on the complexity of the drawing, more precisely on the bend radius that needs to be cut.

If the bending radius is no more than one centimeter, then a hand jigsaw is used. If the width of the material is about a millimeter, then in this case, you can create many complex shapes.

Advice! With a drill, you can make a round hole much faster.

If the bending radius is more than three centimeters, then an electric jigsaw is used. What file to cut plywood with? First of all, it should be noted that the radius depends on the width of the material, therefore, the smaller the saw teeth, the more intact the veneer layer will be. For this reason, in order to cut out complex shapes, a metal cloth is used.

The sketch should be applied to the back of the plywood. This will help prevent chips from rising (if it does rise, then only from the back side).

If you want to cut along a straight mowing line, then a circular saw is most appropriate. With the help of such a tool, you can achieve an even and clean cut.

Important! To cut smoothly, you must ensure that the tool is not suspended. Otherwise, distortions are inevitable. If a hand saw is used, the tool load must be on the surface of the sheet.

How and what to cut plywood without chips

Anyone who is going to create an interior item from plywood sheet, for example, a stool, a carved box, a wardrobe or a rocking chair, asks what should be taken into account when working to make the product reliable and attractive? Also, many are interested in how to cut plywood (with a jigsaw or a saw).

The sheet material should be cut on a solid installation to avoid the shaking of the area to be cut.

To answer the question, what is the best way to cut plywood and how to do it correctly, you need to familiarize yourself with all the nuances, subtleties in the process, which should be taken into account in the process in order to achieve a positive result, before work.

What material to choose?

Tips for choosing a material:

  • To create decorative elements, a plywood sheet with a thickness of about four millimeters is suitable.
  • In order to decorate interior items with a carved panel, a plywood sheet with a thickness of eight millimeters or more is suitable.
  • A six millimeter thick sheet is suitable for the manufacture of frame interior items. But if they are going to make frameless furniture, then they choose a sheet whose thickness is at least fifteen millimeters. It is quite possible to connect pieces of plywood end-to-end, without corners, but in this case it is necessary to make holes in the end part. For additional strength, you can apply sealant to the ends.
  • Plywood sheet, the thickness of which exceeds ten centimeters, is mainly used as flooring on a concrete screed. In this case, a layer of waterproofing is placed between the concrete base and the plywood. How to cut 10 mm plywood? An electric jigsaw is best for cutting plywood at this thickness. However, if you need to cut along a straight mowing line, you can also do with a saw.

If we take into account all the subtleties and nuances during work, then the result of all negative moments can be avoided.

Electric milling cutter

It is a hand-held type of power tool that is used to saw and drill wood board. Before starting work in laminated chipboard, using a hand jigsaw, make a small cut, retreating from the marking contour by 3-4 mm. During the sawing process, several cutter blades and its bearing device are used, which regulates the cutting depth. It is not so easy to use a cutter, so you need to have some skill with this tool to cut the slab. The movement of the cutter is quite fast, and there is a possibility of making an uneven cut.

But with the help of a cutter, you can get a perfectly smooth cut of the material. the appearance of chips and cracks when using this device is very rare.

The use of hand tools is advisable in the manufacture of single items from laminated chipboard. For mass production, it is advisable to purchase format-cutting equipment.

Electric jigsaw

In order to make an even cut without damaging the laminated layer, you will need to take a jigsaw file, in which the size of the teeth will be the smallest. It is advisable to use a jigsaw for cutting small-sized sections of chipboard. Jerks and excessive pressure during work should be avoided. The feed speed of the cutting blade at the tool should be selected as minimum.

This device is quite capable of making a smooth and high-quality cut without chipping the laminated surface.

Hand saw

This hand tool is used in combination with a metal blade, as it has the smallest teeth. Before work, a sticky paper tape must be glued to the cut site, which protects the lamination layer from damage. The hand saw blade must be held at an angle of 30–35 °, this position reduces the likelihood of chipping on the material. The movement of the hacksaw blade should be smooth, without pressure on the blade.

READ  How to use an electric jigsaw for wood

After the cut is completed, the edges of the cut will need to be processed with a file and fine-grained sandpaper.

Circular saw

This power tool consists of a small work table and a rotating toothed disc. A circular saw cuts through a chipboard much faster and better than an electric jigsaw. During the sawing process, the saw is turned on at low speed. In this case, chips may appear on the opposite side of the saw teeth.

To prevent this situation, before starting the sawing, paper adhesive tape is glued to the cutting site.

Materials and tools

In the conditions of a woodworking enterprise, special equipment is used to cut a sheet of chipboard, which is called a panel saw. Some private furniture workshops purchase such a machine, but it is hardly advisable to install it at home due to the high cost. Household power tools will be able to replace such equipment. sawing a chipboard can be done with a circular saw or a hacksaw. The sawing process will take quite a lot of time and effort, but from an economic point of view, it will be quite justified.

How and what to cut chipboard without chips?

  • Cutting rules
  • Materials and tools
  • Electric jigsaw
  • Hand saw
  • Circular saw
  • Electric milling cutter
  • How to cut correctly?

The abbreviation chipboard should be understood as a laminated chipboard, which consists of natural wood waste mixed with a polymer adhesive composition, and has a lamination in the form of a monolithic film consisting of several layers of paper impregnated with resin. The lamination process is carried out under industrial conditions under a pressure of 28 MPa and at a high temperature regime, reaching 220 ° C. As a result of such processing, a very durable glossy coating is obtained, which can have various color shades and is highly resistant to mechanical damage and moisture.

Cutting rules

Laminated chipboard is made from waste from sawn hardwood and coniferous species, while the plate is lightweight and is used for the manufacture of furniture structures. Most home furniture makers prefer laminated particle board when choosing raw materials for furniture making. This material is relatively inexpensive, and in outlets there is always a wide variety of colors and textures to choose from. The difficulty in working with laminated chipboard is that it is very difficult to saw off a part of the sheet of the required size due to the fact that the fragile laminated layer creates cracks and chips at the cutting site. Knowledge of some of the techniques used in work helps to cope with this task.

To cut the laminated chipboard, you need to arm yourself with a saw with fine teeth.

over, the smaller and more often they are located on the tool blade, the cleaner and smoother the finished cut of the laminated material will be.

For an accurate and high-quality performance of sawing work, you must act in a certain sequence.

  • On a sheet of chipboard, it is necessary to outline the cutting line, where to glue the paper adhesive strip tightly. The tape will prevent the saw teeth from crushing the lamination layer during the sawing process.
  • With the help of an awl or a knife blade, a groove with a depression is made along the mowing line. Thus, we cut through a thin layer of lamination in advance, making it easier for ourselves when cutting. Moving along this groove, the saw blade will move along a tangent plane, while cutting deep layers of wood-shaving material.
  • When cutting, it is recommended to hold the saw blade at an acute angle relative to the working plane of the plate.
  • If the sawing work will be carried out using an electric tool, the feed speed of the cutting blade should be kept to a minimum so that the saw cannot vibrate or bend.
  • After sawing off, the cut of the workpiece must be processed first with a file, and then with sandpaper. The cut must be processed with movements from the center to the edge of the workpiece.

To protect the cut point on the workpiece from further chips or cracks, it is closed by applying melamine adhesive tape, or the end edges are fixed, which can have a T-shaped or C-shaped appearance.

After such decorative masking, not only the appearance of the slab is improved, but also the service life of the material is increased.

How to cut correctly?

It is quite possible to cut the chipboard without chips at home with your own hands. It greatly simplifies the task of preliminary creation of a groove with a sharp object in the kerf. Once in this place, the blade of the cutting tool follows a predetermined path and it turns out to cut much easier. Straight cuts on laminated chipboard are much easier to do than to cut a sheet figured.

It is extremely difficult to carry out curvilinear configurations using household appliances; this can be done only with the use of an electrophoresis. This tool performs a high-quality cut and has many additional functions.

The price of an electromill depends on the manufacturer, so you can choose a budget model with good technical parameters.

To cut a sheet of laminated chipboard using an electromill, you must perform the following steps:

  • on the surface of an ordinary chipboard, all the contours of the future workpiece are marked;
  • using an electric jigsaw, the workpiece is cut out, retreating from the outlined contour by 1–2 mm;
  • the finished sawn-off template is cleaned with a file or sandpaper;
  • a prepared stencil is placed on a sheet of laminated chipboard and fixed with carpentry clamps so that it is in a stationary position;
  • along the contour of the stencil, with an electromill cutter equipped with a bearing mechanism, cut out the contours of the workpiece, cutting off the edge exactly along the intended mowing line;
  • after completing the work, the end sides are cleaned and processed with a decorative edge.

The use of an electromill allows you to make a figured cut of chipboard without chips and cracking of the material.

Electromill knives must completely capture the entire thickness of the workpiece material. this is the only way to get a high-quality product.

You can learn about four ways to cut chipboard without chipping with a jigsaw from the video below.

Ensuring a clean cut

For many parts, it is sufficient to reduce the chip size to 0.5 millimeters. Such minor irregularities of the edge will not be conspicuous, and if desired, they can be easily eliminated altogether by chamfering with emery or covering the chips with a correcting pencil. In addition, it is possible to grind the end face with emery paper.

At home, it is quite difficult to achieve a high quality cut, which will be comparable to the result of a real cutting machine with high-speed discs. This is only possible when the tool moves along a guide rail or along a temporary stop bar.

First, you need to make two cuts 0.5 millimeters deep on both sides of the part to indicate the future thickness of the cut. Make two even furrows along the edges of the cut line. This can be done with an oblique shoe or segment knife (for uncoated wood or chipboard), or with a sharp drill and a victorious cutter (mainly for laminated materials).

Application of adhesive tapes

Adhesive tape (tape, electrical tape, fiberglass) can be used to protect the back of the material being processed. To do this, you need to stick a tape along the cut line, which saves the material from pulling out large fragments.

Gluing surfaces is one of the most effective ways to ensure the cleanliness of a figured cut with a jigsaw. But masking tape is not suitable for these purposes because of its fragility. The highest quality cut can be obtained by pasting the cut material with aluminum or fiberglass reinforced tape. It should be wide enough so that at least 15 centimeters of the material surface is covered on each side of the cut. In addition, the density of the sticker is important. The tape must be carefully pressed down with a dry cloth and the formation of folds must be excluded at all costs.

Do not use a tape with a very strong adhesive, as during the tearing process it can carry away small fragments of the laminated surface or MDF panels. In addition, strong peeling off of the tape will lead to an increase in microcracks that have already formed during cutting. You also need to pay attention to how easily adhesive traces are removed and whether the adhesion of the glue is high for working with rough materials (not sanded plywood and OSB).

“Zero clearance

Uncomplicated technique, in which a simple modification of the sole of the cutting tool is performed, has proven itself well when performing straight cutting of sheet material of different thicknesses.

Instructions for the main steps:

  • Make an overlay from MDF, plasterboard or polished metal.
  • Reduce the gap between the tool tip and the pressure pad.
  • Fasten the cover plate to the support sole.
  • Provide one narrow slot in the pad.

As a result of this transformation, a tight fit to the cutting part is obtained, therefore, even a significant feed force ensures that small chips are cut off without turning the chips of the upper plywood layers.

How to cut plywood without chipping with a jigsaw?

There are several factors to consider when working with such a layered material. Including this:

  • selection of tools with fine teeth and the minimum amount of their setting;
  • feeding the cutting blade at a low speed and at right angles to the plane of the processed sheet;
  • sawing across the veneer grain.

The problem of how to cut plywood without chips with a jigsaw was partially solved by the tool manufacturer Bosch. They have a line of special “clean” canvases CleanWood.

Feature of such products:

  • small size of teeth;
  • lack of their pronounced focus;
  • their minimal wiring.

If it is problematic to purchase CleanWood, then you need to use a blade for cutting metal.

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When cutting material with an electric jigsaw, it is not recommended to work by weight, but only on a special workbench table. Otherwise, skew is inevitable and the cutting blade may break.

How to cut plywood without chipping with a jigsaw

In addition to stationary sawing machines, other devices can be used. Pendulum and circular saws (jigsaws) can be distinguished from the most affordable tools. You can make a high-quality cut using an angle grinder, on which a saw blade is installed on wood with sharp victorious teeth. But this option will not be the most effective and not safe.

In the process of cutting plywood with any kind of power tools, their working bodies move at a very high speed, so the mechanics of the process remain behind the scenes. But understanding it is the key to getting the cleanest, chipping-free edge. As a rule, the basic principle of operation of electric tools is that the cutting is carried out with the direct movement of the saw blade. At this time, the size of the removed fragments depends only on the size and setting of the teeth.

Chipping can occur due to the inhomogeneity of the material being cut. Very often, chips form on laminated plywood sheets due to the fact that the composite fibers have different densities. In addition, chips can form on different sides of the plywood sheet, regardless of the shape of the teeth, the speed and effort of movement of the working body. In the course of working with a jigsaw, chips may appear due to the fact that the teeth literally pull out large fragments from the wrong side. In addition, the top layer of the panel can be squeezed or broken out in whole fragments.

The principle of operation of a circular disc is similar to that of an ordinary jigsaw. However, the movement of the circular teeth is directed in one direction only. The main factor is the angle of the applied force. If the jigsaw blade moves perpendicular to the surface, then the circular saw can cut at any angle, depending on the diameter of the blade and the thickness of the part. This can be an advantage as the oblique immersion of the teeth contributes to a neat chip cut. However, on the other hand, due to the movement of the cutting edges, individual pieces of plywood can be pulled out tangentially. In addition, only a straight cut can be made with a circular saw.

How to cut plywood without chips?

The depth of the grooves when sawing plywood should be at least half the thickness of the outer layer, which is inhomogeneous with respect to the bulk of the base material. This method requires high precision during operation and perfect matching of the cut line with the cut and furrow. If you follow the entire cutting technology correctly, you can create a perfectly flat end that does not require additional processing.

Professional craftsmen do not have a question of how to cut plywood. Such an event rarely does without chips, so it is imperative to take into account some of the nuances of cutting.

Masking tape or tape

The use of budget adhesive tape and its varieties allows you to quickly and easily perform not only straight, but also curly cut of sheet plywood without the effect of “breaking” the top layer of the material.

Instructions for the main steps:

  • Mark the mowing line of the cut.
  • Stick scotch tape or tape-tape along the markings.
  • Re-mark the tape.
  • Perform a cut with an electric jigsaw along the marking.

Masking tape has low strength, so making a straight cut with an electric jigsaw is not difficult. For shape cutting, preference should be given to aluminum tape or fiberglass reinforced material.

Sawing with a panel saw

The workpiece is placed on the table and fixed in a stationary state. The necessary markings are made on the sheet and the saw unit is turned on. When the disc reaches a sufficient speed, the table moves forward along with the wooden plates and hits the disc.

  • tile position;
  • cut depth;
  • cutting angle.

Chipboard cutting machines are divided into 3 types:

  • lungs. for 5 hours of continuous work;
  • medium. up to 10 hours;
  • heavy. up to 20 hours.

What the cutting machine consists of:

  • The bed is the mount on which the entire mechanism rests. A heavy bed will add stability to the instrument and eliminate vibration. This is important for a quality cut.
  • Saw unit. consists of 2 flat metal discs. The first one pre-saws the slab, and the second one cuts through it completely.
  • Work tables. Three take part in the process at once. The first is for the location of the unit, the second is for feeding the sawn-off plates (movable), the third is for supporting the sawn-off parts.
  • Carriage. allows the movable table to move. In this case, the workpiece is fixed with a stop and rulers in the required position.

How to cut chipboard without chips at home

Chipboard. chipboard. It is used in the manufacture of furniture and decoration. Affordable price is the main feature. In modern wood production, laminated boards are used. They are made from coniferous and deciduous-wood materials. They are distinguished by their strength and ease of processing. Incorrect cutting process can lead to breakage and cracks. To avoid this, you should know what to do to cut chipboard without chips at home.

Circular saw

The tool is a table with a toothed disk for chipboard. Among the craftsmen, it is called a circular saw. Cuts through wood better than a jigsaw. A good chipping-free result is possible by sketching the guide lines and securing the circular saw to the board. Chips should not appear at the point where the saw cuts into the plate. But the opposite side can be cut with fragments.

Methods for cutting chipboard without chips

You need to cut the laminated board with a special machine (format-saw). But his) when it comes to home use. An alternative can be budget options (hacksaw, jigsaw, etc.), which will take more time when cutting, but require less cash investment.

Using a hacksaw

Sawing with a hacksaw at home is quite difficult. First, you need to cut the measuring line with a knife and glue tape on it. This will protect the top layer from damage. Aim the tool at an angle of 30 degrees. Carefully, without strong pressure, move the hacksaw back and forth. To cut chipboard without chips with a hacksaw at home, choose devices with the finest teeth. In case of damage, the place of cutting must be passed with a file, guiding it from the edge to the center. Finally, rub with sandpaper (fine-grained) and hide the defects under a flexible profile.

Jigsaw

In order to smoothly saw off chipboard with a jigsaw without chips, you need to choose a device with a minimum size of teeth. It is used for small areas of tiles, with smooth movements without pressure at a low speed. If you are using the jigsaw for the first time, some cracks may appear on the back of the hob. With continued use, the quality of the cut will improve.

Using a router

Milling cutter. a power tool for manual woodworking. Suitable for grooving, shaping, edging and drilling. Before using it, a sheet of wood is sawn with a jigsaw, stepping back 3 mm from the marking. It is necessary to cut with a milling cutter together with a bearing, which forms the cutting depth to the required level. This is a laborious process that only experienced specialists can do. There is a high probability of crookedly cutting the board.

saw melamine | no chip | woodworking | dave stanton | how to basics

Sawing rules

Before sawing, choose a method, as well as accessories and tools.

  • Scotch;
  • masking tape;
  • pencil, ruler;
  • sandpaper.
  • hacksaw;
  • milling cutter;
  • a circular saw;
  • tire;
  • jigsaw;
  • sawing machine.

How to cut chipboard without chips step by step:

  • Place dots on the end part of the chipboard. It is necessary to determine in advance what type of cutting will be made. straight or curly. Their cutting technique is different.
  • Connect the dots in the fishing line and stick the adhesive tape on top. It is desirable to saw laminated chipboard using adhesive tape. It will reduce cracks when cutting, as the wood board is subjected to strong pressure as the temperature rises.
  • Saw the board. The accessory is set at the desired angle to achieve extremely smooth edges. The process should take place smoothly, rhythmically and without strong pressure.
  • Finish irregularities and edges, if necessary, with a file and a rasp. The edges can be veneered with matching color veneer. This will protect them and make them look prettier.

To mask low-quality ends, the method of decorative finishing is used. veneering (pasting the sides). Thus, not only the appearance will improve, but also the service life of the product will be increased.

Only after placing all the necessary tools on the table, you can start cutting.

How to cut a chipboard with a jigsaw without chips

In general, I have already considered this in a review article, which was devoted to cutting chipboard without chips without using a panel saw.

Today I decided to dwell in more detail on the method available to most homemade people. this is sawing with a jigsaw, since this tool is very widespread. In this tutorial, I used the Skill 4581LA household jigsaw. by the way, a very good machine.

For the highest quality cut, the following conditions must be met

  • the file must be fine-toothed (a file for metal is optimal)
  • sawing is carried out at medium speed

in addition, for greater cleanliness of the cut, we will use such a modification as “scratch” sawing. Its essence lies in the fact that the laminate is scratched to the full depth and its pieces, pulled out by the saw teeth, do not go beyond the scratch boundary. For clarity, I will give a few photos.

You need to scratch along the ruler (with any sharp object. I used a perk drill, or you can even use a self-tapping screw.) To prevent the ruler from moving during the scratching process, I additionally fixed it with a clamp. you can use a couple.

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We scratch to the full depth of the laminate, that is, until sawdust appears in the scratch.

Then we grab the jigsaw and drive it so that the file goes as close as possible to the edge of the scratch, while not going beyond this border.

Thus, chips are formed only on the unnecessary side, without going beyond our marking line.

Once again the same cut after its completion. It can be seen that minimal chips still remain, although they can be found on professional equipment. But the evenness of the cut leaves much to be desired.

Of course, there are unique people who can cut with a jigsaw quite smoothly. I’m not one of those. Of course, the class of the instrument itself also plays a significant role. As a rule, with inexpensive tools, the file is not as stable as in professional models. Due to this, it is taken away to the side of sawing.

In general, this method has the right to exist, but I would not recommend putting it on the stream.

What else do you need to know?

When it is planned to saw off everything without chips on one side, it is permissible to use saws with both upper and lower teeth. Most craftsmen prefer small, straight-toothed files. Such devices chip less material, but at the same time they work pretty well. After the saw cut, it is best to process the ends with emery stretched over even bars. If there is no ready-made crayon of a suitable color, you can mix different crayons, like paints in the artist’s palette, and get a new color.

To cut without errors and moreover quickly, you must always take into account the brand markings. There is no universally binding standard for designations yet, but almost all companies strictly follow the classification developed by Bosch specialists. Or at least indicate it along with their own abbreviations and terms. For cutting wood and products based on it, CV files (sometimes referred to as HCS) are well suited.

For processing laminated panels, Hardwood saws are intended (they are also useful, we note, when processing hardwood).

Some inscriptions indicate in which mode the tool works optimally:

basic. a simple blade that allows you to make a high quality clean cut;

speed. a device whose teeth are set apart (this allows you to cut faster);

clean. a canvas that has not been diluted (usually gives the cleanest cut).

If the workpiece is relatively thick, preferably a saw blade with large incisors that have not been set, then there will be minimal deviation from the vertical. The longitudinal (in relation to the fibers) cut is most often made with helical saws. For a transverse, a straight blade is better. When you plan to make a blank for furniture, it is advisable to choose a less productive, but more accurate tool. Since most of the saws now produced cut the material when retracted, the workpiece will need to be processed from the inside out.

How to cut a chipboard with a jigsaw without chips?

Laminated chipboard is one of the most widespread materials used in the independent manufacture of furniture. You can talk about its advantages and disadvantages for a long time. But it is much more important to learn how to cut chipboard with a jigsaw without chips.

Features and recommendations

Experts and connoisseurs advise doing this kind of work with electric jigsaws, just because an ordinary hand hacksaw is too rough. It doesn’t cut the material straight enough. The correct sequence of steps is as follows:

preparation of tools (ruler, jigsaw, measuring tape, awl or other sharp device for drawing on chipboard);

addition of these tools (if necessary) with a square for laying right angles;

measuring the desired part (with a margin of 0.2 cm so that you can fit);

drawing a line along the ruler;

actually, the cut along the laid mowing line;

completion of the saw cut with sandpaper;

with very poor quality of the end. rubbing it with a fine, similar in tonality to chipboard.

Completing of the work

When the file is selected, it is also necessary to properly saw the laminated board at home. Experts recommend cutting along a guide (a rail clamped in clamps is also suitable). If you use a new, unworn blade, you can cut the chipboard as cleanly as with a circular saw. It is advisable to turn on the jigsaw at the lowest speed possible. This will significantly increase the resource of each file used.

The canvases themselves are placed at right angles to the sole of the jigsaw. The easiest way to adjust the angle is with a square or protractor. Important: the straight line passing through the cutting edge of the tool must be parallel to the rigidly fixed part of the jigsaw. It is recommended to use special inserts to reduce the chance of splitting. But in order for them to work more efficiently, they usually cut the laminate layer on the side where the blade will come out.

For information on how to cut a chipboard with a jigsaw without chips, see the next video.

How to cut plywood without chipping with a hacksaw?

For this, the material must be securely attached to the workbench. It is also recommended to process the place of the future cut along the entire length:

  • with PVA glue, using a brush 1–2 cm wide (sawing can be started after it is completely dry);
  • with a sharp knife, making two parallel grooves.

To speed up the process, PVA can be replaced with a sticker of electrical tape or masking tape.

When choosing the option “two grooves”, they are applied with a sharp knife, under a metal ruler, in three steps. The cut is made between parallel lines to prevent chipping. The load of the hacksaw blade must fall on the plane of the plywood sheet.

How to cut plywood without chipping with a jigsaw?

There are several factors to consider when working with such a layered material. Including this:

  • selection of tools with fine teeth and the minimum amount of their setting;
  • feeding the cutting blade at a low speed and at right angles to the plane of the processed sheet;
  • sawing across the veneer grain.

The problem of how to cut plywood without chips with a jigsaw was partially solved by the tool manufacturer Bosch. They have a line of special “clean” canvases CleanWood.

Feature of such products:

  • small size of teeth;
  • lack of their pronounced focus;
  • their minimal wiring.

If it is problematic to purchase CleanWood, then you need to use a blade for cutting metal.

When cutting material with an electric jigsaw, it is not recommended to work by weight, but only on a special workbench table. Otherwise, skew is inevitable and the cutting blade may break.

How to cut plywood without chips?

Plywood is several layers of wood veneer bonded to one another with an adhesive. If you do not follow the technology of cutting such a material, then the teeth of the cutting blade will tear off pieces of the upper layer. Flaws, called chips, are obtained.

You can cut plywood with any of the following tools:

  • hand or electric jigsaw;
  • circular saw;
  • hacksaw.

Each of these tools is recommended for use under certain conditions.

How to cut plywood without chipping with a circular saw?

It is recommended to cut on a flat floor. The plywood sheet is laid on wooden blocks of equal thickness, placed perpendicular to the cutting line of the cut. Full support from below ensures that no corner of the sheet breaks off at the end of the cut. A metal or wooden guide is installed on top, which is fixedly fixed with clamps.

jigsaw, chipping

In order to cut laminated plywood accurately and without chips, you need:

  • Setting the minimum cutting depth. On the opposite side of the sheet, the teeth should protrude 2-3 mm. With this setting of the cutting depth, the blade does not cut, but neatly cuts the wood.
  • Choosing the right circular saw. For a gentle cut, a blade with a minimum size and a large number of teeth is selected (for example, No. 140).
  • Low feed speed of the cutting blade when moving without stopping. In this case, the teeth do not chop, but gently cut the wood without chipping. In order to properly cut the film faced plywood, it is also recommended to set the blade speed to maximum. Disadvantage of the method: the carpenter runs the risk of overheating the canvas.
  • Placement of adhesive tape in place of the cut. For this, it is recommended to use masking tape that does not leave marks on the surface of the sheet. At the end of the work, the tape is removed at an angle of 90 ° by moving towards the cut.

If laminated plywood is to be processed, it is recommended to tape the sole of the circular saw with tape. This avoids scratches on the face of the sheet.

The better to cut plywood with a thickness of 9 mm?

Both an electric jigsaw and a circular saw are suitable for cutting such material. The first option is indispensable in the case of a curly cut path.

To cut thick plywood without chipping with an electric jigsaw, it is recommended to use any of two types of blades:

  • clean series CleanWood (Bosch);
  • for metal.

A conventional circular saw is also suitable for smooth cutting of plywood. It is enough to install a blade with a fine tooth (for example, No. 140), adjust the cutting depth within 12-13 mm and lay the sheet on even wooden blocks. Cutting is recommended to be done along the guide, with a low feed rate of the tool and without interruptions.

If the front surface of the sheet is laminated, then the place of the cut is pre-pasted with masking tape.

Anyone who doubts which saw is better to cut plywood, we recommend contacting a specialized company with laser cutting and professional equipment for cutting.