How to saw with an end saw. JET JSMS-10L
Пила jet jms 10
Features of the crosscut saw
The mitre saw is a very useful tool and in many cases a great time and effort saver. Let’s see in this publication, what and how you can do on a crosscut saw.
But before we begin As my regular subscribers already know, I’ve started a YouTube Channel, and I would be very happy if you subscribe to it. There is often a lot of interesting things, and I try to take into account all your criticism, and video, time after time are becoming better and more informative. You can subscribe to the channel here . I will be glad to see you on my YouTube channel as well. Thank you =) And you can also visit my website LoftStyle.site , I look forward to hearing from guests and critics.
I will use my Stanley STSM 1510 saw as an example. The principle of work of mitre saws is very similar and having understood how to work on an example of one saw it is possible to work safely on others. By the way, at the end of the publication there will be the video review of this saw, by the way, maybe someone will be interested in what kind of a tool it is.
Ladies and gentlemen, don’t forget about safety. The power tool is a crafty and dangerous thing, just waiting for its moment, what would father a bit of a finger. So, that necessarily before you start work familiarize with the safety instruction, which comes with the tool.
Wood or iron end mitre saw is an angle saw that is used to cut wood at a right angle. Already from the name it is clear that such saw is needed that would saw into the butt, conventionally speaking if the circular saw we, most often work along the wood (fiber), the purpose of facing to work across the material.
Wood mitre saws can be conventionally divided into two types: saws with and without a broach. The difference is that the first type of saw has a broaching mechanism, and if the usual crosscut saw is capable of sawing the workpiece only as wide as the size of its saw blade, the saw with a broaching mechanism, due to the broaching mechanism, increases this size, it turns out the size of the saw blade is the size of the broach. Otherwise, these saws are exactly the same.
And now from theory to practice, from simple to complex.
There is a trigger switch on a control handle of the saw, and the saw is started by pressing it. But it won’t cut unless we press the lever locking the guard.
That is, that to start cutting we need to squeeze the trigger switch with our hand and with our thumb we need to press the locking lever of the guard.
Basically everything is easy here, after the manipulation on the start it is enough to put the saw down on the workpiece and the saw blade with a pleasant whirring sound will start cutting the workpiece, spewing shavings.
When we cut with the normal 90 degree angle the workpiece can basically be held by hand. But still, if you are a beginner and are not familiar enough with the tool, then I strongly advise you to use the clamp which is usually supplied with the saw at first.
For example if I am cutting workpieces other than 90 degrees or if I need a good accuracy of cut, then I also try to use a clamp. Remember as surgeons do: a safely secured patient does not need anesthesia.
The design of this saw (and all other saws I saw) allows to cut wood at different angles. We have the ability to rotate the platform to the right or left, changing the angle of cutting, as we can cut the workpiece at an angle by tilting the saw itself (more precisely, its upper half). Let’s look at each method in more detail.
We change the angle of cut by turning the platform.
In order to change the angle of cut you need to unscrew the twist lock knob, then clamp down on the twist lock and move the platform in the desired direction. The most popular carpenter angles on my saw are highlighted separately.
When we change the angle, the area of the cut increases, and besides to use the saw is not as convenient as when sawing in 90 degrees, so the clamp in this case is simply obligatory, otherwise the workpiece will move and we will not get an even and high-quality sawing.
obligatorily fix the workpiece with a clamp
JSMS-12L Торцовочно-усовочная пила
When the workpiece is secured, we can saw.
Change the cutting angle by tilting the saw vertically.
To tilt the saw vertically it is necessary to loosen the handle of the disk tilt detent, then guided by the scale of the disk tilt, we choose the desired degree, and fix the handle back.
To tilt the workpiece, the clamp must be moved from left to right, because it will interfere with the tilt.
As you see in this photo, I was not able to use a clamp, but I attached a small bar, you can press the workpiece to it, and it is an additional fulcrum, and if there are a few similar parts, this bar can serve as a template.
Basically all these basics are more than enough to start using sabre saw. Of course this saw has much more possibilities, for example in the publication “Trimming saw instead of miller” I wrote how you can use trimming saw instead of miller for what would be a beautiful treatment of the corners of the workpiece.
In a previous publication I introduced a tool such as a hand router and told how to work with it:
” Learning to work with a hand router. tips for beginners “
Gradually I will be adding new publications to the series of articles for beginners, subscribe and learn carpentry!
As promised, a video review of crosscut saw Stanley STSM 1510:
You can visit my site LoftStyle.site , I will be very happy to have guests and critique. If this article was interesting and useful to you, then by all means, just be sure to give us a “Like” and subscribe to it. Also don’t forget about YouTube channel , It’s interesting there, too. All suggestions, suggestions and criticisms send to email@example.com or in Комментарии и мнения владельцев under publication or through feedback on a site!
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Appreciate the power you hold in your hands
A miter saw does not have the same freedom of movement as a circular saw, but it deserves the same respect. It can ruin your work if you don’t hold it steady while cutting, but it will also result in short work for your fingers if you don’t take care how you hold your work. Remember that the mitre saw is designed for cross-cutting only. never attempt to make cuts. Follow these tips for safe use:
Keep your fingers at least 6 inches away from the blade to avoid injury.
- Operate the saw on a flat, stable surface. Don’t put it on the ground or on a rickety table. Make sure the area is well lit and free of stray wood and other debris.
- Make sure that all saw safety equipment, including blade guards, motor brake, and table and saw swivel locks, are installed and working properly.
- Secure your work on the fence with one hand and operate the saw with the other hand. Never cut by hand. Keep your fingers at least 6 inches away from the blade.
- Support the ends of long pieces of wood that overhang the saw table by more than half their total length. This provides a cleaner cut and prevents your fingers from slipping. Do not cut pieces of wood less than 8 inches long.
- Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from split wood and sawdust.
- Wait until the blade stops spinning before removing wood from the table. Never touch the blade while it is still rotating.
Read your owner’s manual. There are a number of other safety tips and recommendations you need to know before using your saw.
Trimmers use a trimmer saw to cut corners at the ends of baseboards.
An angled cut can be defined as an angled cut made across the grain of the wood. You can mark the angle by drawing a trimmer line on a piece of wood, or you can use an angle indicator on the table. Drawing the line yourself usually gives the most accurate results because the table gauges on all but the most expensive saws are usually off by one or two degrees. However, when tilting the ends of wide boards, such as baseboards, using the trim function, you must rely on the angle sensor.
- Draw the trimmer line on the tree, using a bevel or ruler.
- Place the tree on the table and press it against the fence. Align the far end of the mark approximately centered on the open throat of the fence.
- Loosen the table lock and rotate the saw to the desired angle, then lower the blade and fine-tune the angle to match the direction of the line. Tighten the lock securely. Adjust the wood so that the blade is next to it on the pruning side.
- Lift the blade, pull the trigger, and wait until the blade reaches maximum spinning speed. Lower that hand and the rotating blade down into the wood and keep lowering it until it is further down.
- Release the trigger, lift the blade and wait until it stops spinning before removing the wood.
Do not start cutting until the blade has reached its full spinning speed. If you start early, the blade can break the wood and ruin delicate items like moldings or baseboards.
Learning to use the mitre cutter. tips for beginners
But before you start. As my regular subscribers already know, I have opened a YouTube channel, and I would be very happy if you subscribe to it. There are often a lot of interesting things, and I try to take into account all your criticism, and the videos get better and more informative, time after time. You can subscribe here . I’d love to see you on my YouTube channel as well. Thanks =) And you can also visit my website LoftStyle.site , I’d be very happy to have guests and critique.
I will be using my Stanley STSM 1510 saw as an example. The principle of work of crosscut saws is very similar and having understood how to work by the example of one saw it is possible to work safely and on others. By the way, at the end of this publication will be a video review of this very saw, well, by the way, maybe someone will be interested in what kind of tool.
Ladies and gentlemen, don’t forget about safety. The power tool is insidious and dangerous and is just waiting for its moment, what would take away a piece of your finger. So, be sure to get acquainted with the safety instruction before starting work, which comes with the tool.
A crosscut (or pendulum) saw for wood or iron is an angle cutter which is used for cutting wood at the right angle. Already from the name it is clear that such saw is needed to cut on the butt, conventionally speaking if the circular saw we, most often work along the wood (fiber), the purpose of facing to work across the material.
Conditionally wood saws can be divided into two types: saws with broach and without broach. The difference that in the first type of saws the broach mechanism is built in, and if the usual crosscut saw is capable to saw the billet тол тол that width as far as suffices the size of its saw blade, on saw with broach, at the expense of the broach mechanism, this size increases, the size of a saw blade turns out the size of the broach. Otherwise these saws are absolutely similar.
And now from theory to practice, from simple to complex.
There is a trigger switch on the handle of the saw, and pressing it starts the saw. But it won’t cut unless we press the lever on the locking guard.
So you have to squeeze the trigger with your hand and with your thumb you have to squeeze the locking lever of the blade guard.
Basically everything is simple, after manipulations on start it is enough to lower saw down, on a preparation, and the saw disk with pleasant whirring will start to cut a preparation spewing pieces of wood.
When you cut at a normal 90 degree angle, you can basically hold the workpiece with your hand. But still, if you are a beginner and are not familiar enough with the tool, then I strongly advise you to use the clamp, which usually comes in a set with the saw.
For example if I am cutting workpieces other than 90 degrees, or if I need a good precision cut, then I also try to use a clamp. Remember, like surgeons: a securely fixed patient does not need anesthesia.
The design of this saw (and all other saws I’ve seen) allows to cut wood at different angles. There is an opportunity to rotate the platform to the right or left, changing the angle of sawing, as we can cut the workpiece at an angle by tilting the saw itself (to be more exact I would say its upper half). Let’s look at each method in detail.
Changing the cutting angle by turning the platform.
In order to change the angle of cut you need to unscrew the twist lock knob, then by pressing down the twist lock move the platform to the desired side. The most popular carpentry angles on my saw are marked separately.
When we change the angle, the area of the cut increases, and in addition the use of the saw is not as convenient as when cutting in 90 degrees, so that the clamp in this case is a must, otherwise the workpiece will move and we will not get a smooth and high-quality cut.
When the workpiece is fixed, we can saw.
In addition to the basic functions, there may be additional functions, such as:
- Dust extraction is a must, because when using a crosscut saw it is possible to see large amounts of wood dust and sawdust being released. Thus, having this function, you can be sure that the debris will be immediately removed from the place of allocation without further spread throughout the room.
- Extending the countertop. this feature is ideal, for those working with laminate or long bars.
Choice of options.
For most finishing work, a saw with a motor power of 1400-1800 watts will be enough. These are available by
Features of products with broaching
Variants with the broaching function are professional equipment, differing from the domestic varieties. They are handy for cutting long boards and pipes. The design of such devices is equipped with two slats, located parallel to each other. Cutting disc is mounted on the slats themselves, it can move freely on them and has particularly fine teeth. This is not coincidental, because the smaller the tines and the greater the number, the less the strain on each of them.
The broach saw is characterized by the thorough width of the workpiece’s kerf. Products of this type are heavier than other varieties. Speed of rotation of some modifications can exceed 3000 rpm. Sometimes the model is equipped with electronic adjustment of saw blade speed. These units produce a smooth and fast cut.
The broaching mechanism turns an ordinary saw into a user-friendly machine. often such designs are used for cutting wide and long wood.
Working on a crosscut saw
When sawing wooden parts across the grain, chips are often left behind. If the saw is good the defects are not so visible, but in the production of carpentry for the house every detail is noticeable. And on fronts of furniture any inaccuracy is inadmissible. The teeth of the universal saw do not cut the material, but chisel it, acting like a row of small chisels. When the saw enters the material, the cut is clean, as interconnected fibers do not give the appearance of chips. But at the output the saw teeth tear out chips, sometimes quite considerably. It is necessary to understand this and to pay attention to where the saw’s teeth are directed.
In some cases, the jigsaw is the only tool for cutting plywood. For example, when finishing rooms or sawing out shaped parts. Furniture moisture-resistant plywood is a good material and is well suited for making furniture components. But here at sawing the chipped, masticated edge is obtained, which have to be finished off at the planer and carefully sanded.
To reduce damage to edges, it is advisable to prepare the material in advance for work. We mark out the piece to the dimensions and along the cutting line we cut the upper layer of fibers with a sharp cutter using a ruler. While working with the jigsaw, the teeth of the saw tear the wood up, so it is necessary to saw along the cut line from the side of the bounce. So that the edge of the marked part remains intact.
Another option involves holding the chips in place with adhesive tape. After marking and delineating the cuts, we tape the lines together. If the jigsaw is not designed for plywood, then the lines are taped on both sides of the piece. To accurately guide the jigsaw along the marking, you will either have to draw a line with a pencil over the tape again, or install the guide rail. Another way to saw plywood without chipping.
The crosscut circular saw seems to be designed specifically for sawing across the grain. But in this case the chips on the ends of the part can be quite significant. Here is the same problem, when the saw goes into the solid wood the end remains more or less clean, but when it comes out splinters break out.
Firstly always determine in advance where the visible (i.e. front) side of the piece will be. Accordingly mark and saw with the frontside up.
The same applies to the edges of the part. If necessary, the workpiece can be placed on the edge and pressed against the guide while trimming. In this case the frontside and the lower edge are sawn cleaner.
I have used a crosscut saw quite a lot. And of course the quality of the saw blade and the trimmer itself have a great deal to do with it. But not everyone has the opportunity to buy an expensive mitre saw, so we have to somehow adapt.
Another method of work that is used by most craftsmen. When sawing on a trimmer clamping the workpiece between the throws. In this case I have to saw the part together with the clamping bars.
Only to get a completely clean end, it is necessary to press from two or even three sides. This is rarely the case, more often it is the bottom plate and the far edge, the one at the outlet of the saw, that is closed.
What to choose. a crosscut bandsaw or a circular saw for metal
Working principle of band saws consists in the fact that the cutting tool is not a disk, but a band blade and a special gear on it. Working speed is slow enough, about 100 rpm, but this tool can saw large enough diameters, both logs and metal pipes.
Diagram of a band saw for metal cutting
As with any tool, band saws are:
- Metal cut-off saws for household use, where the frame, in which the saw blade is fixed, is fed manually. Used for sporadic jobs in soft steel grades. Lubricant-coolant according to technology is not applied in these machines.
- Semi-professional saws in which the frame is lowered using hydraulic feed. In this equipment it is mandatory to use coolant. They can cut through hard grades of steel.
- Professional saws are fully automated equipment, where the work is done by the operator. Good working speed, cutting quality, usually the presence of swiveling jaws that allow for a 45-degree angle sawing.
A big plus of the saws is the band saw blade itself, which can be installed on any machine tool manufacturer and capacity.
Very good reviews at the semi-professional Jet J-349V saw, priced from 36000.
Good option.The JET semi-professional band saw
Can work with workpieces from 125 x125 mm its weight 19 kg.
When choosing a pendulum saw, you need to consider its principle of operation: performance, accuracy of work and the ability to cut at any set angle. The principle of the pendulum saw is that the cutting mechanism itself runs in the same way as a pendulum: up and down. Its main part is a circular saw.
The metal cutoff saw has advantages over other tools in that it:
- a tool with many functions;
- with the help of the pendulum knot, the cut itself is of high precision;
- The speed of work is high enough;
- It is very easy to buy a pendulum sander for metal, as well as setting it up for work;
- it is easy to maintain and change the saw blade.
One significant disadvantage of this saw is its high price, especially if it is a professional tool. Professional tools are used for metal.
There are also inexpensive trimmer from the Russian manufacturer, such as the company Elektropribor software.2400 dm, which can work with metal,
An excellent option for dry cutting of ferrous metals is facing Russian-Taiwanese manufacturer Messer DRC 355 at a price of 43000. The reviews are all excellent, the design is successful, the quality of performance meets the price.
Messer DRC 355, a saw with a pendulum mechanism
You can buy a crosscut saw for metal in Leroy Merlin. They are much cheaper there than in other stores, for example a Metabo CS 23 with a 355 mm blade costs 10,080, a Corvette 431 for 7,800.
Circular saw blades: what is the difference between them
There are not many differences between the discs used in crosscut saws and the main ones are the seat and outside diameter and the geometry of the cutting tooth. If everything is more or less clear with discs sizes (mounting hole can be either 25 or 30mm, and their outer diameter can be 210, 250 and 305mm), here’s how to deal with tooth geometry in details.
- You should pay attention to the size of the tooth. the bigger it is, the rougher the cut will be. A disc with a large tooth is unlikely to cut cleanly laminated, varnished or painted workpieces. for such purposes, you should buy a disc with a fine tooth. Also the fine tooth has proven to be good for working with aluminum profiles. Generally in this regard cut-off saw blades can be divided into three types: for longitudinal cuts, for cross cuts and for finish cuts, which, as a rule, are universal.
- If it is a question of mass production or working with thick workpieces, you should pay attention to the thin slots on the disc. in fact, these are temperature compensators, whose task is to maintain a stable disc size while it heats up. They are also less noisy.
And a few words about the companies that produce crosscut saws for wood. The leaders in the production of almost all electric tools are Bosch and Makita, and their crosscut saws are no exception. Metabo, Hitachi, DeWALT tools have also proven to be good in practice. If we talk about domestic cut-off saws, the following tools can be noted here: tools of the Korvet. In general there is a lot to choose from. the main thing is not to miscalculate the possibilities.
That’s basically all you need to know about such a tool as a crosscut saw. Buy it, use it and remember that this tool is quite dangerous. do not forget about safety and always be extremely focused and, most importantly, sober at work!