How to squeeze a drill for a perforator in a drill. Classical
A pedorator drill: how to insert, remove, fix
With the advent of concrete reinforced structures, external and internal repairs cannot be performed without a penetrator. A large number of models of different firms are presented on the market, these are Bosch, Makita, Sturm, Bison, Vorthe, Dexter, Interskol, Caliber, Metabo, Union. Despite the variety, the main nodes and mechanisms work almost the same. The process of reinstalling the working element is also similar. Before inserting the drill into the peorator, you need to be able to get it correctly.
A pedulator is a universal tool that has great opportunities. There is a pneumatic device inside it, a pushing piston that comes into contact with a boy. The latter makes the equipment make reciprocating movements. As a result of the nozzles, any surface is destroyed. The presence of a function of the impact allows the tool to make holes in solid materials.
Its purpose depends on the built.in modes: drilling, d some and drilling. There is a toggle switch to switch the modes.
Manufacturers produce models different in weight:
Power and shock force depend on the size.
Equipment of the penetrator
Most often it is used to work with:
Rarely. with wood. A variety of materials involves the presence of a large number of nozzles (working body):
All of them are designed to perform different works. Drown in the surfaces make neat holes of the desired diameter and depth.
Products that are designed for work on such solid material as concrete are made using carbide plates. They are attacked on the cutting part. But in the process of application they wear out.
How to sharpen the drill on concrete for a peorator? Sharpowing can be performed on the corundum sharpener circle. which is installed on the appropriate equipment. The drill must be hidden so that the worn cutting edges become straight, and the place in which they intersect, as if coincided with the axis of rotation of the penetrator. Pay attention to the angle of sharpening of two cutting edges. With the unevenness of this parameter, the edge, in which the angle of sharpening is large, will be loaded stronger. As a result, the peorator will quickly fail.
Boers are designed to break through high.strength materials. The tool with a drill nozzle simultaneously drills, performs vibrating actions or blows. Such work is necessary when installing a socket. Когда на аппарат установлены зубило или лопатка он работает как отбойный молоток.
The type of attachment for all nozzles, except for drills, is suitable only for a peorator, because it has a mount in the shape of grooves and a landing tail under it. You can fix a conventional drill from a drill in the ashorator, you need a removable cartridge (adapter). It is 2 types: cam. A special key is used to fix the cam clamp. It is inserted into the thread on the outer perimeter and rotated. At this time, the zangia mechanism. which is installed inside the cartridge, depending on the direction in which the key moves, is compressed or unclenched.
A quick.packed cartridge is driven by applying a slight effort with the hand. The drill hole will open if you press down on the cartridge.
There is also a small elongated design that allows you to lengthen the drill. Thanks to the extension cord, you can make deeper through holes in different materials. When drilling with it, you should carefully adjust the cutting modes.
For different materials necessary, different drills
Bur was stuck in the wall: how to get out?
A drill can get stuck due to a problem in a removable head or a clamp of a penetrator. You can try to take it out, a little fluid of type WD-40 into the cartridge. leave for a while. Thanks to the composition, the coverage of the clamping device will weaken, the drill can be obtained. If there is no such liquid, take simple kerosene. It is poured, after 10 minutes the nozzle is pulled out. You can tap slightly on the clamp, stag a little bourgeois. After the clamp, necessarily clean and lubricate.
Most often, when the working nozzle is stuck, the most secure method for the peorator is used. Turn on a clean blow, slowly scroll the tool, pull it out of the hole. It turns out the drilling of a reverse well, as a result of the drill, it is possible to extract.
The reason may be poor nozzle quality. It happens that the peorator damages a drill made of soft, cheap metal alloy during operation. Sometimes it can be pulled out if you squeeze it in a vice. Holding the peorator with your hands, shake the nozzle and pull.
Many advise to extract with a gas key. to rotate in the opposite direction. You will have to work longer, but the way is safe for a person and a tool.
But it does not always work to get a drill, then you have to cut it with a corner grinder. And to close the hole. Or around the stuck storm at an angle to the stuck drill, drill several holes, remove a piece of concrete along with a stuck nozzle.
How to pull a jammed drill out of a penetrator
The cartridge of the tool is arranged so that a drill or drill equipment moves along the barrel in it. With an increase in the dialect of the reverse side of the drill (rummage), the barrel does not allow the drill to freely go out. If it is jammed, you can also use the vice. The peoporator is installed and clamped in large locksmith vice so that the case does not suffer. For this use rubber gaskets. The equipment is compressed in a small vice, and with a hammer, the blows are carefully inflicted. Hit in the direction of the drill exit from the cartridge. Experts recommend using penetrating solutions in the process of pulling out.
With improper operation, the drill can get stuck in the wall
Marking and classification
The main labeling of the drill occurs with an eye on the dimensions of the equipment. The indicator is determined by its purpose: to obtain a through opening, recesses for an anchor or a thin dowel-bedding. Based on the specifics of requests and generally accepted marking is carried out.
Healthy! An example of a storm label with a SDS-PLUS shank 210 mm long, 10 mm with a diameter of 10 mm: 10×210, SDS-plus. According to this principle, the whole equipment is “read” not only for peorators, but also for drills.
Type of shank
Salaries on Buras are classified according to external signs. Unlike drilling, the diameter and length of the equipment does not affect their sizes, which allows them to use them with any peorators with a suitable type of cartridge.
We will only consider those that can meet in everyday life, that is, applicable for modern peorators. They have a generalizing name SDS, which is divided into several more categories
SDS is the first model that served as a prototype for the entire modern equipment of this purpose. It has a diameter of 10 mm and 2 of the channel, providing reliable contact with the torque of the cartridge. Entered into only 4 cm deeper.
SDS-Plus-the most popular group. With a diameter of only 10 mm, deepens into the cartridge by 4 cm. The advantage and difference from the ancestor of the group, the shank SDS lies in the double superiority of the number of recesses. There are 2 closed and 2 open channels here. The latter here work as guides, closed. play the role of a stopper, intended for fixing bearings. The value of the area in contact with wedges is only 75 mm2.
The main segment with which such equipment is used is domestic and professional peorators of small sizes (light). The diameter of the drills varies in the range from 4 to 26 mm, and the length, from 110 to 1,000 mm.
Healthy! Sads and SDS-Plus tailings are completely interchangeable
SDS-MAX-no less popular drum. Belongs to the category of equipment for a large tool. The element has a planting diameter of 18 mm, and the surface of contacting wedges 389 mm2. Has 5 grooves, 3 of them are open, 3. closed. As already mentioned, the size of the tool with which such drills are used are radically different from household equipment and is used in industry, large construction. Only in the cartridge of this type of shank is 9 cm.
SDS-TOP-you can not meet as often as the previous. Designed to work with medium.sized peorators. It is made of a rod with a diameter of 14 mm with four grooves: 2 open and 2 closed plan. The surface of contacting links 212 mm2.
The development of this variety of shanks is explained by the fact that when receiving holes, the diameter of which exceeds 16 mm, the equipment often became unusable. 22 years ago Bosch engineers have developed a new SDS-Top standard. Such equipment with four.kilogram electrical peorators works.
SDS-Quick-the last view of the shank of the drill for the pedorator, was introduced only in 2008. The uniqueness of such equipment is that the grooves in it are replaced by special protrusions. A tool with such a cartridge is not yet as popular as more eminent predecessors.
Important! When choosing a long drill, it must be borne in mind that most manufacturers indicate the length of the model along with part of the shank, which enters the cartridge.
How to get a drill out of a drill
Когда нужно убрать сверло в случае его поломки либо, чтобы сменить его на другое изделие, исходя из характера работ, процедура уже выполняется еще легче и быстрее. In this case, there is its own instruction.
First you need to turn off the tool from the electric network and de.energize it. Next, act based on the type of cartridge. with your hand or the key to turn the coupling in the direction against the movement of the clockwise. As a result, fists will begin to part, weakening the drill. It is better not to touch it yet, since after work it remains hot.
When the drill is extracted from the cartridge, it remains to insert another product and continue to work or remove the equipment for storage.
It is not always possible to turn the key or the coupling the first time. You should not rush to the nearest workshop yet. you need to make more efforts.
Possible problem situations
In some cases, home masters give the power tool to the service to solve a problem. But in some cases, it is not necessary to go to the nearest workshop, since some malfunctions can be eliminated independently.
Replacing the drill
Now about how to change the drill to the drill. the whole procedure is performed according to the scheme described above. that is, first the old drill is obtained and a new one is put. At the same time, in order to replace the element in a fast.and.random cartridge, you often have to face a number of difficulties. In some cases, it happens that the drill in the mechanism has so firmly settled that it is not possible to turn the coupling. A piece of fabric should be used, which will provide a strong clutch with a coupling and try to twist again.
Important! The nozzle must be inserted to the stop so that it does not shatter later and it does not have to constantly replace it.
When all this does not help, you should tightly fix the tool with one hand, and with the palm of the other to hit the cartridge in the direction of promotion.
Removing a drill without a key
The valuable of key designs in a very strong fixation of the drill. The disadvantage is that there should always be a special key at hand, and it is easy to lose it. And if this happens, you need to find some item for fixing the cartridge on the one hand.
A nail, a cross.shaped screwdriver, a screwdriver is suitable. To the other half, you need to make an effort to promote the cartridge and thus try to pull out the drill, bypassing without a key. If manually it does not work, you can use a vice or a large gas key.
If the drill is stuck
In some cases when the work is finished, it is not possible to remove the drill with a promotion of the cartridge with your hands or key. Even the reverse mode does not help. Then you will have to use cardinal methods:
- Using a gas key vice. Or, as an option. two keys. One half is fixed (with a key or using a vise), the second must be shifted with 2 key.
- Vise hammer. One half must be fixed in a vice, the second must be shifted with sharp and accurate beats of the hammer. Such vibrational impact should bring the result.
However, if none of the considered helps, it remains to completely unscrew the cartridge. Then fasten it in a vice and knock out the drill with some kind of metal rod or suitable screwdriver.
Cartridges used by the tool
It is advisable to talk about cartridges in more detail so that the user understands the principle of their work better. it will be easier for him in the process of replacing the drill.
The devices first began to be used in the 30s of the last century. As a result of developments, manufacturers came to the conclusion that the simpler the design, the more reliable the fixation.
The main advantage of the key sample. it fasten the boumor in the penetrator as reliably as possible.
Quick.packed cartridges are tightened with the help of the operator’s hands. Depending on the design features, they are divided into samples with one and two couplings. The principle of operation of devices varies.
The most easy to cope with one.way clamp, but use it only complete with drones and peorators, on which automatic blocking of the working shaft is installed. To fix the nozzle, you can use only one hand, which simplifies the work.
To use a two.lumber clamp, it is necessary to hold the rear clutch with one hand and rotate the front shaft with the other.
Is it possible to insert a drill drill into a peorator
If you need to place a drill from a conventional drill (for example, Interskol model), you will have to use a special adapter. This is a regular cartridge used on electric drill. They are also divided into rapidly and key or key. A special adapter is inserted into the cartridge (hereinafter referred to reliably), on the one side of which there is a thread, and on the other, the shank is like a standard drill.
Cartridges may have different types of threads. In most cases, 1/2 inch is used, and the metric type. m12. The adapters should have similar threaded landings. The adapter must be screwed into the cartridge, and a special screw is used for fixation, which is included. On it is left thread.
The assembled design can be placed in the ashrater in the same way as when installing the drill. As a result, the operator receives a standard electric drill, but there is a nuance: the cartridge can play a little. Do not forget to turn off the shock mode, since the assembled adapter may not withstand the load.
For reference! Some modorators (for example, bison) immediately have similar adapters in the kit. In addition, there are certain devices that have several replacing cartridges at once: one, to install a drill, the second for the drill.
The advantages of such a configuration are that the play will be absent during operation, since the adapter is adapted specifically for a specific type of peorator. Of course, you will have to pay for such a model.
Existing types of fastening
The cartridge on the shaft of any drill, electrical screwdriver or a pedorator is attached in two ways. using a threaded connection or on a cone. A variety of threaded connection is the use of an additional locking screw.
The threaded mount implies that an identical thread is made on the shaft of the drill and on the inner channel. metric or inch. Therefore, in this case, during the repair, the question is raised how to unscrew the cartridge. Type of thread and its main parameters are marked on the case. For example, the designation is knocked out on the housing 1.5-15m13x1.2, which means the following:
The principle of removal of a drill cartridge.
If an inch thread is used, then the designation is introduced, and the diameter is indicated in inches (for example, 1/2). When replacing the cartridge, it is necessary to check the compliance of the marking of the mounting size. Modern drills mainly have an inch thread, which meets international standards and expands the possibilities of interchangeability.
For the reliability of mounting on the shaft, a stop screw is installed inside the device. This screw has a left thread, t.e. In order to unscrew it, you need to twist clockwise.
The second method of attaching the cartridge on the shaft of the drill is based on the use of the Morse cone cone. In this case, the end of the engine shaft is made in the form of a cone. A similar conical part has an internal channel from the lower end. The cartridge is simply planted with force on the shaft cone. The marking of such elements has several meanings: B10, B12, B16 and B18, where B means the use of the Morse cone, and the numbers are the maximum diameter of the shank of the drill, which can be fixed in this cartridge. This method of fastening is quite common, especially in screwdrivers.
Preparation for work
Before starting work, appropriate preparation should be carried out. To determine the readiness of the tool to perform tasks, there are several conditions:
- When the drill starts using the power cord, it must be connected to the network;
- If it operates using the battery, then it must be connected and charged;
- A drill is inserted and recorded inside the drill.
To check the operability of the drill, you need to click on the power on the power supply key. If the cartridge rotates fast enough, then the charge is enough, and you can start work. If it rotates very slowly, then the battery is discharged and it should be recharged.
Bits for electric screwdriver and replacement of the nozzle
Before you understand how to change the drill on an electric screwdriver, you need to study the replacement tool and the ammunition used. All nozzles differ from each other depending on their purpose. Using them, you can tighten and unscrew the fasteners, drill and mill, perform polishing and riveting. But since the tool was originally created to work with the fasteners, the nozzles for it were made special. bits.
- Shlitz. Has a different thickness and width of the plane for different recesses and grooves.
- Cross. Differs in different angles at the base, as well as the form.
- Hexagonal. Has a different distance between the sides.
- Star. For special fasteners, which needs good adhesion with a tool for penetration into a particularly dense material.
Also, all the bats, including the cutting and polishing tools, are distinguished by their tailings. And each variety is compatible with a certain cartridge. It is easy to insert a drill into an electric screwdriver. It is only necessary to pay attention to the choice of nozzle for work, which clamp is installed at the screwdriver.
The working tool for the first capture has a smooth surface. To extract an unnecessary bat, it is necessary to unclench the fists of the cartridge. For this, a moving coupling is rotated counterclockwise. If it is strongly tightened, then use a special key. It is inserted into the hole on the fist and the cloves that are present on both objects are combined.
The key, how the jammed cartridge is shifted by the lever. And then he easily goes by hand. Having pulled out an unnecessary bat, they are placed in a fist of previously selected. And fix it in the clamping of the coupling clockwise.
There is one more way to change the drill in a fragment with a fast.packed cartridge. To do this, with a free hand, you need to tightly grab the coupling, and turn on the tool on the return move with low speeds. The cartridge will easily and quickly open.
The easiest to replace the tool if he has a hexagonal shank. At its end, there is a special recess throughout the diameter. When installing the shank in the cartridge, a ball falls into it, which is held in the coupling using a magnet. Reliable snapping occurs. And to extract the nozzle, it is enough to pull it with an effort.
The last clamp is found in pneumatic screwdrivers. It is completely similar to the capture used on the peorators. And will be described in more detail a little later.
What is a peorator
There is another type of manual electric drill. This is a pedulator in which the working part not only rotates, but also makes reciprocating movements. With this mode, the processed material is cut out by an acute edge of the nozzle, and is destroyed under the influence of shock. And if necessary, the tool can only be used as a powerful drill.
Before You Drill Anything Watch This This #shorts
Types of work performed with the help of a peorator:
- Breaking through brick and concrete walls, as well as floors of through holes.
- Drilling in concrete of deaf holes for dowels and anchors.
- Tribal of solid surfaces for laying cable routes and pipeline.
- Destruction of brick and concrete partitions.
- Drilling materials of any density (metals, stone and wood).
A pneumatic block is built into the pneumorator for shock work. And the force of interaction with the surface can smoothly regulate. To do this, a special key is built into the handle. High power is provided by a stronger engine than installed on ordinary drills.
The cartridges are designed to hold a change of nozzle during the torque or the reciprocating movements of the mechanism inside the mechanical tool. Different clamping devices are used depending on the type of equipment used. So, three main types are distinguished. Consider each option more detailed.
Otherwise, such a cartridge device for a drill is called key. The reason is that to fix the nozzle with a diameter of 1-16 mm, you need to change the position of the clamps using a special key. This fact is considered a plus due to reliability of work and minus due to a compact device, which is often lost. Such a device is installed on a drill.
To control the clamps, here you need to rotate the sleeve itself without the use of additional devices. The device is often installed on battery drills, screwdrivers. Of the shortcomings, poor holding of nozzles with a large diameter (maximum diameters of 10 or 12-13 mm) is distinguished here). The solution to the situation is to replace a worn cartridge or the use of a drill with a key analogue.
For execution, such cartridges can be with one or two couplings. The former are considered unreliable due to the complexity of the repair and the presence of low-strength clamps (elements of the shaft lock system). The latter are convenient to use: during the rotation of the upper cylinder, the skirt is held by the second hand.
This type of cartridges is installed on peorators. They are notable for the fact that during the rotational and reciprocating movement of the mechanism, the departure or scroll of the nozzle is excluded here here. The shank and equipment in this case also differs. In the cross section, this is not a polygon, but a cylinder with longitudinal grooves.
Inside the group, these cartridges (STECK-DREH-SITZT-from the German “Insert, turn, the drill is fixed”) are divided into several subspecies:
- SDS. The diameter of the shank with two grooves is 10 mm. Drilling depth. 40 mm. Working with SDS-Plus type nozzles is acceptable.
- SDS-Plus. The analogue of the SDS is characterized by the presence of two additional shortened grooves. They serve to prevent drill loss. Permissible drill diameters-4-32 mm long from 110 to 1000 mm. Application. light peorators.
- SDS-Top. Rarely used in comparison with the second option. Such a cartridge is installed on the average tool. The diameter of the tail of the nozzles here is 14 mm, the drill is up to 32 mm. Dive equipment is carried out by 70 mm. Grands. two pairs: short and long.
- SDS-MAX. A common type of products for drills with a diameter of more than 20 mm (heavy equipment). The shank with three long and two short grooves has a section of 18 mm, deepens by 90 mm.
- SDS-Quick. Here the shank has a ledge for fixing and a section in the form of a hexagon, which allows you to work with bats and drills. Boers in thickness are limited by 10 mm.
- SDS-HEX. This is a specialized device of the infantry cartridge for working with peaks and chisels. Installed on chipping hammers.
The above shows that the devices differ from the cartridges for the drill with the absence of clamping petals. Fixation here is carried out by the guides built into the body, which are included in the grooves of the shank. The loss is excluded due to the latches with balls and springs. This explains the use of different nozzles depending on the design of the cartridge. The installation of equipment is carried out by pressing to a characteristic click.
Before disassemble the cartridge from the drill, you need to find out the type of fastening on the shaft: conical or threaded connection. If the thread is left, then manufacturers prudently put a screw-stop. It can also be metric or inch.
The conical connection method is formed due to the use of the Morse cone (popularly called instrumental). The installation of the cartridge on such a shaft is performed with a slight effort for the density. This option is often found in the case of screwdrivers.
The table contains a step.by.step algorithm of actions to dismantle cartridges for a drill.
In the case of a thread, the installation of the cartridge is performed in the reverse order with the same actions that were carried out during dismantling. In the second case, first you need to put the cone in order. Here you need sandpaper (you can on fabric), a file for burrs. After that, the clamping device is also installed with shock movements, only with a kiyanka.
Bur/drill stuck in the wall. what to do
The drill is not always stuck in the penarator. There are situations when it cannot be removed from the wall. In this case, it is most often possible to get the tool using the reverse. However, sometimes this does not help and people do not know how to pull a bourgeois from the wall from the wall.
In order not to damage the cartridge, it must be immediately removed, and the nozzle should be left in the wall. Only after that can you do the release. This is performed as follows:
- If the tool remains in the ceiling, you need to tightly wind up a chain to it and attach a load to it. It needs to be raised by 5-10 centimeters and sharply released down. This must be done very carefully so as not to injure from cargo.
- If the nozzle remains in the wall, it is necessary to squeeze it with a vice and try to swing with a lever. When using this method, the help of a second person may be needed.
To reduce the likelihood that the drill is stuck in the wall, it is necessary to periodically extract it during operation. It is also necessary to gradually increase the hole so that it is slightly wider than the diameter of the drill.
Recommendations to prevent such cases
In order to encounter such problems less often, it is necessary to use only high.quality drills from well.known manufacturers. The fact is that it is with fake goods that such unpleasant situations most often happen. Therefore, do not save on drills. It is better to pay more so that in the future you do not have to get the jamming boura.
To check how high.quality the bought drill is, you need to make several holes to them. If it passes through the shank without problems, then the product is really reliable and it can be used in the future.
Often, people are faced with jamming when using unsuitable drills to work with certain surfaces. In such cases, even high.quality parts do not cope with the load, deform and get stuck. Therefore, before starting work, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the purpose of the drill and determine for which materials they are suitable.
Jacking the drill is a common situation that many people who regularly work with the peorator are faced with. In order to quickly cope with such a problem, you need to familiarize yourself with the main ways to extract a stuck part and figure out why this can happen.