How to trim a tile at 45 degrees
Where a 45° turning angle cannot be used?
The corner of this type becomes quite fragile because of the thinning (narrowed) edge of the tile, so it is undesirable to use it when tiling steps. In the place of most traffic, the tile is sure to chip off, the corner will be chipped. it’s only a matter of time.
The steps are laid with an overlap of the upper tile on the end tile (on the step) or with the use of aluminum corners/profiles.
And in general, before you do such corners, think everything through. If there is a great threat to hit and knock this corner, then most likely. it’s not your option. In this case, you can try to use an aluminum corner (but not plastic).
Few people know how to make the corner with a tile qualitatively and in a fairly short time, with the least financial expenses. The most successful option to create a corner on the tiles in 45 degrees. the use of an angle grinder, which is equipped with a diamond disc. The disk is designed to perform exactly the dry cutting. Work with such a tool should be carefully and cautiously, so that the subsequent laying of tiles in the corners was successful.
If you do not have the skill to create a 45 degree cut, it is best to practice beforehand, that is, take unnecessary elements of the tile and experiment on it. Cutting tiles at an angle is a very time-consuming process that requires skill. Trial versions allow you to work more precisely and qualitatively, that is, a good training of the hand.
Stages of work
The work is carried out in several stages:
- First, the tile is placed on the edge, so that the corner to be trimmed is perpendicular to the surface.
- The angle of the ceramic tile during grinding should be 45 degrees. The work is done precisely with the back side of the tile. the clay side.
- If there are any irregularities, you can try to hide them with the same grinder. As a tool for grinding, you can use an ordinary angle grinder, to which a special disk is attached, with the possibility of fixation of round sanding sandpaper of appropriate coarseness (circles on velcro, which can easily be replaced with new ones when grinding).
When properly cut tiles at an angle of 45 degrees, the junction will be thin and almost without a gap. But even then it will be extremely unnoticeable. All noticeable places, tile joints on the corners, will be decorated in the best way.
For the work can fit absolutely any tile, any modification. The main thing is to preserve all the qualities and properties of the upper decorative layer, the glaze. Avoiding damage will allow you to work not in the vicinity of such a surface. It will be sufficient to maintain a distance of 2 mm.
If there are formed irregularities in the corner at the junction, you can use a special mortar designed for joints. With its help all the defects and errors will be hidden. Tile seams in the corners will be practically invisible.
If there are doubts about the quality of the cut of the tiles under 45 degrees, it is best to ask for help from specialists with some experience.
Work with an angle grinder when the device file under 45 is performed simply, but requires the selection of the disk. It is a good idea to consult with a specialist. The main disadvantage is that a lot of dust is generated. It is not unreasonable to move to a room where it will be less influential, such as a balcony.
Recommendations for correct tile trimming at a 45 degree angle
Cutting tiles at an angle of 45 degrees should be carried out so that the disc of the angle grinder or tile cutter did not reach the glossy surface of the tile about one millimeter. This means that only the clay itself should be cut. That is, only the clay, which acts as the basis of this finishing material, is cut. This is due to the fact that this technology helps to make the cut more accurately. When cutting a tile all the way in, there is an increased probability that the glossy surface will be damaged and that the tile will look scalloped. Such a defect will be impossible to fix, so you’ll have to throw out the tile or accept its not the most aesthetic appearance.
In some cases, trimming a tile at 45 degrees forces the master to cut right through the glaze. At the same time, experienced craftsmen know several ways to eliminate the likelihood of damage to the glossy tile coating.
First of all, it is recommended to simply cut the tile exactly to the specified dimensions. After that you can proceed to sharpening the received edge at the desired angle. As a result, the resulting cut will be flat, neat and beautiful. But to do it right you need to have a good hand. Therefore it is recommended to practice a little on a broken or damaged tile in order not to spoil a lot of finishing material later.
Additionally, the edges of the tile can be processed with sandpaper for maximum smoothness and flatness.
Also masters use the method of trimming the corner from the factory edge. In doing so, they hide any undercuts made with an angle grinder or tile cutter under another tile.
Also : How to drill a tile: the correct drilling of holes
In any case, taking into account the latest trends in bathroom design and kitchen decoration, craftsmen and designers prefer tile trimming technology at 45 degrees than corners. Therefore, if you want to create a really cozy and modern interior, then you’ll have to work a little harder in order to master the technology of cutting the tiles at a certain angle.
Epic 45 degree tile cut. Perfect outer corners.
How to file a block house. ways to neatly join the corners
Modern interiors require maximum openness and minimalism in detail. Trends have also touched the surface finish with tiling materials. To form a neat right angle and the junction of two ceramic tiles without the use of plastic corners and other decorative elements, masters perform a tile filing under 45 degrees. To trim off the edges of tiles, use a professional tile cutter or a conventional angle grinder. Both methods allow you to achieve a perfect result, but have their own distinctive features.
What tools are used for the job?
The trimming process has a variety of names. In the specialized literature you can find the use of such terms as sawing, boring, sharpening, trimming and others. The above terms share the same principle of action. The end part of the product is carefully grinded, forming a 45-degree angle.
Special tools can be used when cutting the structure. Let’s talk about them in detail:
- Often cut a tile product with an electric tile cutter. With its help, seamlessly cut the surface at any angle, not just a 45-degree angle. When using a mechanism, there is a water system that cools it from the inside. Also water gets rid of dust completely. The tile cutter cuts accurately, according to the set trajectory.
- Cut off pieces from the product with an angle grinder. The process is technically difficult, labor-intensive enough. When using a special grinder is necessary to have certain rules and skills. Perform the work with a diamond disc. Ceramic tiles are placed on the edge, and then they are cut in a given direction.
Specialists recommend to cut a part of a special tile from the back side. Otherwise it is possible to damage the product. In the process of work, sometimes large pieces break off, which leads to an unattractive appearance of the device.
How to tile and form a right angle?
To begin with, you need to glue the first tile and level it. The undercut edge will “fly out” beyond the plane of the wall.
Then immediately need to glue the second (matching) tile on the other side of the corner. While the glue is fresh and amenable to adjustment it is necessary to form a beautiful right angle.
And so we gradually move upwards, row by row.
Before tiling a corner, make sure your walls are vertical.
Because if the walls will be a little tilted outward, then without steps, the angle will not come together. And this is not very nice, believe me! And nothing you can not cover it and do not make up.
How to cut tiles without tile cutter
Hello, dear do-it-yourselfers.
In this post we will cut tiles and ceramic tiles without a tile cutter.
Often there is a situation where you need to cover a small area, tile. over, your hands are sharpened as it is necessary to solve this problem, you have read the articles on this blog with recommendations for laying tiles, and are ready to do the job yourself.
But here’s the problem you do not have a tile cutter, and do not have someone to borrow it for the day. Well, you don’t have to. I am a professional tiler, and I have a great machine, but on small orders, it just do not want to drag, because it is pretty big and powerful.
And an ordinary tile cutter, I found a great replacement, which is easier to use, the result is better, and the spectrum of applications are not limited to only cutting tiles.
In addition to tile, it replaces the pencil, when you need to spend a long, fishing line on a rough surface (concrete, plaster, metal), pencil because instantly rubbed out, as well as if you want to put a mark that will not wash away water and will not rub off.
There are moments when it is necessary to put a mark very precisely, and so that it was not thicker than a hair.
The tool I’m going to tell you about, I call the scratch tool. I did not have enough imagination for anything else, so you can give it any name you want.
To make this tool is not easy, but very easy. Take a used drill 6-ku or 8-ku, a length of 120-180 mm, and sharpen it as sharp as possible like a pencil.
It is made with a diamond disc, as abrasive discs will not win. The main thing is to make a point without edges and not to cut off completely the pobedite point on the tip of the bit.
That’s it, the tool is ready. How to use it as a pencil, and so it is clear, but how to cut the tiles, now we will learn.
The advantages of the scratchpad
You can cut any tile, except for ceramic granite, and ceramic marble with a scratch wheel. Basically, I use it to cut domestic tiles “Kerabut”, “Shakhtinskaya” and the like.
How is a sharpened drill better than a tile cutter or a glass cutter?? Glass cutter goes well on a perfectly flat surface, and if the surface is a little wavy, it tends to wiggle to the side, and you need to have an iron grip to hold it straight. Uncomfortable.
A simple inexpensive tile cutter, which seems to be possible to buy, also has a number of disadvantages.
First of all, its guides are not rigid enough and they bend when you press the handle, as a result of which the cutting line is not very straight.
Secondly, you have to pay money for it, whatever it is. And thirdly yes, why do you need it if you can cut through tiles enamel with a scratch cutter in the same way, even smoother?
So, in order to cut tiles with a scratcher, you will also need a metal angle. Mark the size you want to cut with the square and put a mark on the edge of the tile.
Then by this mark, on the tile we put the square, press it, and with a scratch we make a line on the tile along it (nuance: if there will be edges on the sharpened end, they will quickly eat away the edge of the square).
You shouldn’t make too much pressure, otherwise the scratch will go not along the square, but somewhere to the side, and the tile can be broken. It’s better to scratch two or three times.
Then we take the tile with two hands by the edges, and break it by a sharp short strike, the underside, against the edge of a wooden bar or something similar to it.
That’s it. I’m sure that if not the first, then the third attempt in the same way and you will be able to.
Cutting porcelain tiles
Now let’s try to master cutting ceramic granite with an angle grinder. And the scratch pad is very useful for that too.
In any case, I should mention that for cutting tiles, it is better to fit a small angle grinder (500 800 watts), and the disc for cutting granite, it is better to buy a smooth crown.
It is of course meant for wet cutting, but if you don’t use it, you can cut without water. But, with some effort, it is possible not to make small chips, which are inevitably formed if the crown on the disk will be turbinate.
In the pictures I have just a turbo disk, but I will make it smooth and without chips, I recommend you start with a smooth one.
Let’s start by running a scratch line along the line where the cut will be made. It needs to be scratched a few times to make the line deep enough.
The main thing is that the scratcher doesn’t make any chips, so we get a very smooth cut. It is impossible to break ceramic granite, because it has a uniform hardness throughout the thickness of the tile, and the scratch will not break it.
So we take the angle grinder and start little by little to cut, trying very hard to make a cut around the outer edge of the scratch, without jumping over the inside edge of the scratch.
It is not necessary to make a cut on all thickness of a tile at once. It’s enough to cut along the entire length to a depth of about three millimeters.
While cutting, keep in mind that chips in the tile are made by the back edge of the disc, not the front edge, which you are trying not to skip over the scratch and in the meantime completely disregard what’s happening on the back edge.
You should try to hold the blade during cutting not parallel to the scratch but at a little angle to it, just a tiny but insignificant angle so that the back edge of the blade would not touch the edge of the cut.
The cut itself will be a little wider than the thickness of the disc, but that’s ok, it’s even useful, because the second pass, the finish cut, is better to do in the same way at an angle.
The second pass is done by holding the disk parallel to the cut, but tilting it slightly inside the part to be cut so that it does not touch the upper part of the cut at all.
A little difficult I agree, the first couple of times (no more) is a little difficult, but the cut is pretty decent, no splinters and ledges.
Of course this can not be said about the second part of the tile, but after all its crooked edge can be just as well cut and made straight.
How to trim a tile end at 45 for corners
And finally, let’s trim the end of the tile at 45, to cover the corners without using a tile cutter.
I remember well the days when an electric tile cutter, with automatic water supply, was a very rare tool, but corners without plastic corners, were already becoming fashionable, and want it or not, but to maintain the status, you had to do them by hand, a simple angle grinder.
Actually there is nothing complicated about it. Trimming the end of a tile is easy. The main thing is to step back from the front edge by about a millimeter, and lead the angle grinder at an angle greater than 45.
Of course, the cut itself will never be straight, but it is not very necessary. The fact is that after grouting the joints, only the front edge will remain visible, which was not touched by the angle grinder, and all the irregularities will be hidden by the grout.
I certainly did not bother with the grout, as long as I do plumbing. As the tile will go, I’ll show the wiped corner trimmed by hand. So for now be satisfied with what you see.
I will add only that the manually cut corner is grouted with a rigid trowel (metal) without pressure. The grout is distributed between the outer (uncut) edges of the tile, and completely covers the inner (undercut) edges.
Do not press too hard, because there is a chance that the trowel will leave a dark trace on the edges of the tile.
If the article does not provide an answer to your question, ask him in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев. I’ll try to answer as soon as possible.
Cutting tile on the corner, at 45 degrees.
To decorate the corner, tiled without the use of plastic corners, has recently gained popularity. There are several possible reasons for this phenomenon: Because it’s new, and it’s rare. As not all often is the main argument. The absence of superfluous elements in the design has always been and always will be the best solution. It is the law of harmony. There is no need to match the color of the edge band to the color of the tile.
Sawing a tile under 45 degrees on a corner.
How and what to make a saw cut at 45 degrees on an end of a tile?
The best option to get a cut on the tile with a cutting machine, where there is an opportunity to turn the cutting wheel at an angle to the cut tile. Machine can be with or without water in the area of cut. It does not affect the quality of the cut. Wet cut provides more comfortable working conditions less dust. Either way, the bevel quality is acceptable and large quantities of tiles can be cut quickly.
Notching a 45-degree tile on a machine.
The only difficulty arises when cutting concave tiles. It is not a marriage of a tile has such form. The machine cannot repeat the deflection when notching:
That’s why the cut should not reach the face edge of the tile where the enamel starts. Chips appear. Especially on porcelain tiles. It is better to finish this area by hand. You can do it with a grinding wheel on a turbine. This is faster and easier. But it is not always of higher quality. The grinding wheel can choose in some places stronger or weaker.
A more even plane is obtained manually, from the longitudinal motion along the tile with a bar, covered with sandpaper. Longitudinal movements scrape off the protrusions, making a bevel in one plane. Another trick. The bevel on the tile needs to be done at a sharper angle (less than 45 degrees). Visually, nothing changes, and the convenience when tiling is substantial. This method is not suitable for ceramic baseboard, where you can see from above the junction of the ends of the two tiles.
45-degree ceramic baseboard mating.
It is better to make a cut, on the painted end of the tile (many tiles have one end half or completely covered with enamel). In this case, you can not bring the bevel at 45 degrees to the edge, and leave at the end of the strip of one millimeter. The end of a tile on a corner tile is not chipped and is less vulnerable to impact. This is especially important for dark colored tiles with dark grout. When you sharpen their face, you get light streaks and you can’t hide them with grout. This is caused, often, by the fact that. That the tile has a slightly convex surface in the middle, and when cut at an angle, the circle clings to the ends of the tile face enamel.
White stripes appeared when trimming the tile ends at 45 degrees.
In the case of light colored grout, the unpainted tip of the tile is less noticeable.
Disadvantages of a corner on a tile sharpened at 45 degrees :
The corner becomes more vulnerable to impact. Especially if it is on the aisle. Enough, snag the slope with an empty metal bucket, so that a piece of the worn-out corner on the tile, flew off. The work becomes more time-consuming, and therefore more expensive.
You can catch such a corner with anything, even a harmless belt buckle:
Opinion of masters on sawing tiles at an angle of 45 degrees.
Prepare a 45 angle on a tile can also be done with an angle grinder. Lots of dust. Wrong quality. But really. The main thing is cheap and always possible.
It is especially important to mark the correct angle when laying decorative stone. Often the corner elements for such products are not provided or are not available. Cutting the stone at an angle of 45 degrees is the only way out of this situation.
Angle on decorative stone at 45 degrees.
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How to decorate exterior corners so as not to resort to nailing:
Barking, trimming or sharpening are the names of the same technique that you will have to resort to if you need to design a joint at an acute or turned angle.
The main task of the master in this case, cut the tile at an angle of 45 degrees, not chipping the corner.