How to use a hand cultivator correctly. Root cleaner
Manual cultivators for tillage in the country. rotary and mechanical
A good harvest or the proper appearance of the lawn is preceded by a number of topsoil treatments. Digging, harrowing, loosening, breaking up clods of earth, removing weeds and their roots, and digging up root crops are all necessary but physically demanding work.
time-consuming and labour-intensive.
To facilitate labor and increase productivity, various types of hand cultivators for tillage at the cottage. gasoline, electric, manual, light and heavy.
The advantages of their use are enormous. mobility, the ability to process areas of land that are difficult to access for heavy machinery, increasing several times the speed of work. The quality of land processing increases many times, compared to the use of hand tools. shovel or sapa.
Design and principle of work
Manual models of cultivators are most often used on small dacha plots or in small farms. There are no particular differences in the manual version from similar units, which work from gasoline or electricity, is not observed.
This mechanism is designed to perform work on the processing of the land plot. This unit was created in order to facilitate the processing of the top layer of soil, while working is not only chopping the soil, but also the division of the plot into beds. There are models that can even cope with stony soil, shredding it to the required consistency.
An electric cultivator has many more options. The rotary cultivator comes in two varieties:
The rotary cultivator is shaped like a hand with several fingers. This model looks more like an upgraded hoe.
To work the ground with this machine, you need to apply a lot of force. The most common use for tilling in greenhouses. The basic mechanism are rotating iron stars with many rays. These beams help loosen the ground and cut the roots of weeds.
Almost every hand-held device is equipped with additional wheels, which help to move, there is an opportunity to insert a properly sized stick, which will help to work in the garden, not bending.
This helps relieve back strain, which is why these models are valued by people of retirement age.
See how easy it is to work with a rotary cultivator
Regular, but now there is a promotion and a new delivery of 350.
3 simple steps to order a “Tornado” cultivator:
Tornado is delivered in Chita or in the Trans-Baikal Territory within 5-10 working days.
No prepayment! You pay only upon receipt.
Opportunity to cancel your purchase within 14 business days.
How to make a hand cultivator
If compared to a power tiller, the latter is a much more powerful device and may have in its stock a greater variety of attachments. Due to this, they have a great functionality.
It is made by yourself simply, from ordinary forks. Pre-buy an attachment made of plastic for a shovel cutter as a handle in a hozmag. they are used on both forks and shovels for the convenience of work. Since the handle of the original Tornado is a long horizontal tube, our handle also needs to be refined.
If you have your own small workshop, some experience and skills in working with metal, you can construct a homemade electric grinder. To make this device you will need to purchase an old industrial meat grinder. It is on the basis of this device will be built an effective cultivator with an electric drive. For the work will require a master to have a welding machine. Two angles are attached to the gear case. Tubes that have a bend and are used as control handles are attached to them. These pipes are connected by a section of metal bar as a strut to strengthen the rigidity of the structure.
The use of a cultivator-cultivator allows to facilitate tillage operations aimed at removing weeds. Such a device makes life easier for almost any amateur gardener. Structurally, this device is more complex than a cultivator made from forks.
Many of the owners of such plots to facilitate the processing of the soil think about how to make a cultivator with their own hands.
This hand cultivator is a mechanical principle in the form of a spiral-shaped pointed teeth aimed in different directions. The Tornado is very easy to operate
If you have not worked with a gasoline unit for a long time, let it idle initially to warm up and disperse the entire system.
What a hand cultivator can do on a garden plot
On small plots or in narrow, inaccessible places like among trees where larger vehicles can’t pass, a small hand hoe will do the trick. This is the most inexpensive and easy-to-use piece of agricultural equipment that anyone can handle. The hand cultivator is capable of practically all land cultivation operations. Weeding, loosening the soil, removing weeds, mixing fertilizer in the ground, digging holes for flowers and seedling crops, processing soil around trees. this is what the hand cultivator does on the site. Especially popular with women gardeners, these cultivators are ideal for cultivating alpine beds, rose gardens, flowerbeds, meadows, greenhouses, etc. д.
There are two types of cultivators for tilling soil manually: rotary cultivators and rippers.
The sprocket (rotary, disc) cultivator is an excellent option for loosening soft soils. It consists of a cutting mechanism (shaft) on which discs with teeth resembling stars are mounted. The width of the cultivator depends on the number of such toothed discs. The star cultivator is mounted on a long handle, convenient for the height of growth, so that you do not bend over when cultivating the soil. It is fairly easy to use: it is set in the ground vertically, in the standard position, the stars are placed between the rows, and the connecting arc is above the bed. It is the physical effort required to set the cultivator in motion. Thanks to the irregular, pointed shape of the sprockets, the tool cuts into the soil, gripping it, lifting it up and turning it out. So, at the same time the tool loosens the soil, cuts and crushes weeds. The hand cultivator with a sprocket is ideal for country houses: it is especially handy for dug potatoes, planting cucumbers or loosening lawns and flowerbeds. Even though a person has to exert effort to set the mechanism in motion, working a plot is still faster and physically easier than digging with a shovel.
Star cultivator has one major disadvantage. its inability to break up clay soils and poor treatment of heavy, crusted soils.
Garden Weasel. Flower Bed & Garden Preparation
Root remover. another kind of manual cultivators for the garden. The central core of the cultivator is equipped with sharp, spiral-shaped tines that point in different directions, and a handle that is easy to operate. When loosening, it can dig deep into the ground (up to 20 cm), without damaging the plantation.
Easy to use: To use the tool, it is necessary to position it vertically, with the tines in the ground, apply a little pressure and turn the handle clockwise. The cultivator enters deeply into the soil, thanks to the curvature of the sharp tines it captures the lump of soil and simultaneously cuts the root of the weed, so that it can be easily pulled out. Thus, you will only have to shake off the tool from the ground and throw away the weed. It is important that using a root extractor does not disturb the soil structure, as is the case with digging with a shovel. The cultivator does not plough up the soil layers, saving moisture and beneficial microorganisms. The tool can handle both soft soil and that which has never been cultivated.
There are also disadvantages of this type of cultivator. The manual root eradicator may not be suitable for people with weak hands, since in order to use it, it is necessary to apply exactly the force of the hands. For example, if you want to work in harder ground, you have to press down hard on the tool’s handle.
Did you know? You can make a hand cultivator for dacha with your own hands. You’ll need an ordinary fork, a plastic spade handle and a piece of plastic pipe. To make the handle, a plastic tube should be carefully cut lengthwise, then turn the edges of the cut to the sides and put on the plastic nozzle for the shovel cutter. It is better to tape the pipe handle well to the head, so that it does not move when you work. Then use a hammer to bend the fork tines so that they resemble a corkscrew, while comparing with the photo of the original cultivator to repeat the curves of the tines correctly. After that put the handle on the bent fork and the tool is ready.
A tiller is a metal rod with several (three or five) curved sharp steel tines, which are designed to remove weeds and cut even into compacted, crusted soil. The tool has an arc handle on the underside. When using a manual loosener, it is necessary to swing out and lower the cultivator well so that the tines dig deep into the ground. Then turn the handle clockwise and pull it towards you. Soil is loosened and weeds are cut, which is particularly beneficial in seedbed preparation.
The advantage of the manual ripper is that it takes the load off the spine and distributes it evenly to the leg, arm and back muscles. The disadvantage of the tool is that it is mainly suitable for small areas with few weeds. If weeds are actively growing on the plot, treatment with a hand cultivator-rake will be ineffective, because it will require more physical resources and repetition of actions. There is also a risk of damaging the root system of crops.
Important! Compliance with the safety regulations when working with a manual root weeder is essential in order to avoid injuries to the feet due to the sharp tines. Closed, sturdy shoes are a must while working. After using the tool, the sharp part should be buried in the turf or soil.
Every potato farmer knows what a potato cultivator looks like, because it’s the first helper in the harvest. Digging potatoes with a shovel not only tires you out quickly, but it also puts a strain on your lower back. This is where the potato digger comes in handy. It is designed as a rotating fork: a sharpened metal rod, a handle and sharp, elongated steel tines at the bottom. The handle is comfortable, because it can be adjusted to the height of your body. The potato digger is quite easy to use. You need to put the stick on the ground next to the potatoes with the tip pointing down. Then turn the handle around its axis, burying the tines under the potato bush.
Application Features: 7 important tips
The use of any kind of manual cultivator requires compliance with certain rules:
- The use of equipment should be carried out in compliance with all safety rules.
- Selection of a particular model is based on the condition of the site and the planned result of the tool.
- Physical conditions of the person who will use them must be taken into account when choosing tools.
- If it is necessary to treat large areas of soil, a manual cultivator for weeding, potato harvesting is not effective, as it has a low performance.
- Each type of cultivator should be used only for its intended purpose.
- It is quite difficult to use a hand cultivator on hard ground.
- It is difficult to regulate the depth of its penetration into the soil during work with manual tools.
How to choose garden cultivators
A manual cultivator must have a removable handle-arm. Its height can be adjusted according to the height of the person using it. This handle can also be used with other garden tools. When buying a hand cultivator, it is worth carefully inspecting its metal star blades. The highest quality ones are made of special steel, which makes them resistant to fracture. The set of purchased device should include two sets of wheels, at least 4 star nozzles for working the land to a depth of four or five centimeters. It is also worth paying attention to the fact that it is possible to remove the central star wheels from the axle, which makes it possible to weed on both sides of the bed.
Nowadays the market can offer customers domestic and imported cultivators. But it is worth considering that. but the price of foreign-made devices will cost you two or three thousand “wooden”.
on domestic models and from a thousand to three on imported models. But much will also depend on the size and configuration of the model.
How to Use a Ripper / Field Cultivator. Gardening Series
What distinguishes the imported models from domestic, since the price is so dramatically different? The fact that the difference is in the quality of production technology, you also have to pay more for the name of the manufacturer.
Possibilities of a hand cultivator on a dacha plot. advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of such a device include:
Such tools of manual labor can be used in any part of the garden or vegetable garden, in the greenhouse, in flower beds, flower gardens and even when working with houseplants, as manufacturers offer a wide range of sizes.
With their help, it is easier to care for seedbeds and plantings. The tool will easily loosen the soil, ensure its good air permeability, improve plant growth and facilitate the fight against weeds.
Unlike power tillers and electric or gasoline cultivators, they do not require:
- Regular maintenance;
- Purchase of fuel and oil for the engine;
- The machine can be used to work on any area and to keep crops damaged;
- They can be used not only by people of working age, but also by pensioners of advanced years, and even by children.
Unlike mechanized equipment, they can work on any area, preserving cultivated plants from damage.
The disadvantages of such garden tools include the impossibility of their use on large plots of land, where they cannot compete with self-propelled equipment. They are not suitable for tillage of virgin lands.
Another disadvantage is the fact that it is impossible to adjust the tool to a particular depth of its penetration into the ground. It should be remembered that such gardening equipment should be used as intended, in this case it will be possible to achieve good results in the cultivation of vegetable, fruit and garden crops.
The capabilities of a 5-in-1 manual cultivator on
Choosing the right hand cultivator, you can significantly increase the productivity of manual labor, producing:
- loosening of beds;
- hoeing of plants;
- sowing or digging potatoes;
- Treating plants in greenhouses, in flowerbeds and alpine gardens.
To achieve quality results, it is necessary to choose the right hand cultivator. There are models of different sizes and weights available in stores. These factors, as well as functionality, must be taken into account. The right hand cultivator can help not only with planting and growing plants, but also with harvesting.
To increase productivity, you can buy a compact manual motocultivator, the weight of which will not exceed 10 kg. Women and elderly people will be able to work with such equipment.
Manual one-wheeled cultivator on a rubber wheel, made by your own hands. description at
Advantages and disadvantages
Some beginning gardeners consider rotary cultivators as obsolete, preferring to buy more modern self-propelled machines. However, this statement is not quite true.
Rotary models do not show high efficiency, but they do not require maintenance (lubrication, fueling), respectively, it turns out to be a significant financial savings. They are also easy to operate, so older people and small children can use them.
For example, one of the most popular models is the KR-3. There is no need for instructions for rotary cultivator KR-3. The principle of operation we have already given above: set the machine on the ground and push it in the right direction.
Cut weeds are not spread out between the rows, as is the case with self-propelled counterparts.
Plants are shredded on site, mixed with the ground and act as an organic fertilizer, and natural protection for root crops.
Rotary modifications of manual action, can be used in hard-to-reach places, for example, in the upholstering of lawns and alpine mountains, to work in greenhouses. Speaking of the advantages, it is impossible not to note the availability.
, respectively, the purchase will not breach even a modest family budget.
Now about the unpleasant. The use of rotary cultivators on large plots of land is impractical. For a large garden, it’s better to buy self-propelled machines. Fuel costs are more than justified by the amount of physical effort.
A manual cultivator cannot cope with cultivation of virgin soil. The products are designed for working on soft soil.
It is worth noting that when working with manual models, you should exercise caution. Working elements are not adjusted to the depth of cultivation.Everything depends on the effort.
The cultivator can plunge into the ground to a depth of 12 centimeters, so you can damage the root system of plants. If you use the hand cultivator as intended, it will become an indispensable assistant in the homestead.