Is it possible to cut a chain of chainsaw manually. Sniffening branches
The difference in work between chains
The angle of attack affects the behavior of the chain during operation. The chain with an acute angle is cut into wood and torn the fiber. The tooth works according to the principle of hacksaw on wood.
A chain with a “dumb” angle works on the principle of a chisel. Chooses material, all the width of his tooth.
The photo shows how the angle of attack is reflected on the material. Universal chain, walks along the fibers and tries to deepen as deep as possible. Therefore, the cut is wider, more vibration goes, the saw is harder to work.
A chain with a dull angle, removes the material evenly, the layer by layer. Therefore, the cut is more even, less vibrations. The load is less on the unit.
It is important to understand. A chain for a longitudinal saw, designed only for a longitudinal saw. Try the chisel cut the beam 100 per 100 mm.
Universal chain. This is a universal chain, not a chain for a transverse saw. She can work both across and along.
Draise or buy
In the photo there are two chains for 50 links, in step 1.3. On the left, a circuit with a factory sharpening of 10 degrees and on the right is exactly the same circuit with a sharpening of 35 degrees.
are valid in our store at the time of writing an article. The exact price can be viewed by falling to our site by link.
As seen. The chains are the same, so if you have the opportunity to buy a finished chain, then it is more logical to buy the finished one, because at least you don’t have to spend time on a crossroads.
There are probably cases when a chain is needed, and it makes no sense to buy, because it is more expensive to go to the store, or there is an unnecessary chain that can be reached. Then. YES.
But when starting, there is one more minus, except for labor costs. This is a loss of useful place. When you sharpen, you inevitably lose metal on the crus. In the photo on the right, a new universal chain after a rehearsal. See how much less the tooth has become. Although the photos are not successful and the teeth are not even even, but the chain still became smaller. At the cost of metal today. I consider such losses unforgivable))))
Sharpening by improvised means
To properly sharpen the chain of the chainsaw with a file, you need to prepare tools to restore its functionality:
A round file is needed to process the edge of sawed teeth characterized by a rounded configuration. Usually choose a tool with a diameter of 4. 5.5 mm. A flat file is needed to sharpen the depth limiters, on which it depends on how the chain is cut into the structure of the wood.
The technology of sharpening the chain with a file
To sharpen the chain, you need to remove it from the saw, which, in turn, is installed on a flat surface. The tension should be maximum. The saw should be put on the brake. To do this, turn the lock lever. The chain is preliminarily examined for detecting defects that can be expressed in fragments, cracks, chips. Performing the sharpening of the chain of the chainsaw, take into account the main technological features:
- The teeth are pulled from the inside out;
- The degree of sharpening is determined by special marks made by the manufacturer;
- Sharpening tooth is located in the middle.
Attention! Be sure to put protective gloves on your hands so as not to cut on sharp chain teeth.
To simplify the process, use special devices for sharpening chains of chainsaws in the form of holders, with which the depth of placement of the limiter and the angle of sharpening are determined. The correct machine is fixed on the tire with clamps and set the guides at an angle, through which the degree of sharpening is clarified. A tooth exposed to sharpening must also be fixed with an emphasis on the top of which the file is placed.
No matter what additional tools you use, first drag the edges, and then equalize the depth limiters. It is required to carefully approach the formation of the difference in the height between the plane of the limiter and the edge.
Step.by.step instructions for sharpening a saw with a file
- sawing a saw;
- installation of the holder taking into account the indications of the scale;
- The angle of sharpening of the chain of the chainsaw is specified, by elevation above the tip of the holder by 1/5;
- The minimum sharpening size is determined by the stupid tooth itself;
- Start the procedure with a round file, smoothly performing movements from yourself. 2. 3 times for each tooth.
Attention! The file periodically turns over, which will avoid its uneven grown.
The teeth must be sharpened on both sides, turning the chain as the operation is completed. It is recommended to set the template for the limiter, placing the index part between the teeth. The ledge over the template is flowing with a flat file.
Attention is a chain!
Not superfluous to remind you that you can’t saw with a weakened chain. After all, if the chips or branches get into the gap, the consequences can be unpredictable. When the saw does not have a zeeper, and the tire is elongated, the chain can be a serious injury to the legs when winding on them.
When jumping a chain from the tire, the main energy of the impact is extinguished by the zeeper. But at the same time, the asterisk suffers greatly.
If this happened several times, the asterisk is covered with deep furrows and the chain stretch turns into a problem. If it enters the groove, it is weakened, and when leaving it, it gets an interference.
In this case, urgent replacement of the asterisk is required, so as not to bring the matter to the gust of the chain, scattering of the bearings, breakdowns of the star.
Even a new circuit is possible if the connecting strips are incorrectly installed at the scraping site. Chains come in bays, so their riveting and packing are inevitable.
So when buying a chain, it is necessary to pay a lot of attention to the connecting link. The rivets on them should be larger or lighter. It is also necessary to check whether the connecting strips are installed correctly. Sometimes the direction is indicated by the knocked out arrow. When the arrow is absent, the correct installation is determined by the front support, which is slightly larger than the rear.
If the connecting bar is incorrectly installed, then it will go around. The connecting link will have to perceive the increased load, which contributes to the slice of the rivet, and this will lead to a rupture of the chain.
Constant care for an asterisk, tire and chain will certainly increase the life of the chainsaw.
The launch of the chainsaw
Before sawing a chainsaw, you need to take care of protection. The equipment should be complete: a helmet covering the face, headphones, special thick gloves, closed shoes with steel plates. Clothing should be made of strong fabric, but quite comfortable and adjacent so that the free edge does not accidentally fall into the tool.
The descent of the saw is as follows:
- The tool is installed on an even platform away from the dressing site so that there is no fire. It is worth checking in advance so that there are no items under the chain that the chain can hook.
- Turn on the hand brake so that the saw does not start working too early.
- With the left hand, they hold the front handle, put the right leg on the back handle.
- Then turn on the ignition button, put forward a throttle and twisted several times by the starter’s handle. The latter must be made with sharp movements, after tension, immediately release.
- When the first “outbreak” appears in the engine, the damper is pushed and once again pull the header’s handle until the engine is completely launched. As soon as the engine starts, it will not be possible to hold the rope elongated. Typically, the engine starts from 3-4 times.
- After starting and before you start using the Stihl chainsaw, the engine should work for at least a minute to completely warm up. To do this, squeeze the gas until the end.
- At the end they turn off the brake and check the supply of lubrication. For this, the tool is brought to a light object (sheet of paper or wood) and hold over it. If traces of oil appeared on it, then there is enough lubrication.
The above method is launched a chainsaw with a cold engine. If the tool worked for some time and has not cooled after that, it is not required to move the throttle.
- Oregon. Produces saws, chains and components. Products are of good quality and low price. Circuits are equipped with carbide tooths and anti.vibration protection.
- Stihl. Professional saws for woodwork. Their products are highly resistant to wear of the cutting part and stretching. The design also has special grooves for highly effective lubrication.
- Carlton. High service life due to a special production technology. shotgun.
- Vindsor. Innovative developments in the field of special refractory alloys of high strength and resistance are used in the manufacture.
- Husqvarna. In production, only the best time.tested development.
Important! Problems in working with a chain mechanism often arise not only because of the tire malfunction and other main components of the saw, but also due to illiterate sharpening of its cutting teeth.
- Tire malfunction. Wear of the threaded part of the fixing bolts leads to vibration and weakening of the stretch. It is required to regularly check the condition of the latches and, if necessary, replace them.
- Sleep chain. Sooner or later, due to the natural laws, the metal metal is structurally deformed and stretched to the limit. As a result, the chain cannot be stretched. It is necessary to replace it with a new.
- Weak fixation or uneven installation of an asterisk. Eliminate the wrong beam in a specialized workshop. Since the accurate adjustment will require disassembly of the device and the removal of many details.
Reference! Stretching of the chain structure occurs due to 3 main causes-initially a low-quality metal alloy of links, excessive tension of the chain and poor-quality or incorrectly selected lubricant.
What is required
The saw is made from the chain from the chainsaw, for the handles a segment of a polymer sling is used 60–70 cm long and about 3-4 cm wide. Elements are attached with bolts M 6 with washers and nuts. The plastic is glued with an iron through baking paper, the chain is disassembled using a small angular grinder and punch.
Put the chain on the flat area, find the connecting link. Battery.ups or corner grinder, gently cut off the halting hat connecting the link links.
Prepare two segments of a polymer sling, each length is about 30 cm. Bend them in half, the dimensions of the loops should provide a convenient position of the hand while working with a saw. Bend the ends 3-4 cm and fold together. Thus, an enhanced assembly is prepared for fastening the chain.
Put a piece of baking paper on the piece of board, on it one end of the bent sling, on top of the paper again. Heat the prepared place until the polymer melts and sticks out. Greze carefully, do not allow the full melting of the plastic. some types become fragile, during the operation a saw location of the chain is cracking, the tool will have to be repaired in the field. According to this technology, process all four ends of the pieces of tape.
Using a punch, make holes for bolts. They must be placed approximately in the middle of a prepared place at a distance of 2-3 cm from the end.
Attach a chain to the handles. First, put the bolt with a puck in the hole, put the open link in the chain on it, then the second end of the handle and tighten the connection with a nut.
Manual chain saw is ready for use. Press the branch with your foot and try to cut it. If the chain is acute, then a minimum of physical effort and time will be required to harvest firewood.
Senka and hat
The manufacturer equips his tool with a saw set. a bus and a chain. in strict dependence on the technical parameters of the unit. But since the cutting element and its guide are consumables, after some time a purchase will be required to replace worn out. In budget models, to reduce the price of a saw headset, they often install default. the resource of its operation is even less. You should carefully read the instructions before the independent purchase of the tire and chain.
Tire: size matters
An inexperienced user seeks to put the tire more authentic, because it will surely allow you to saw large trunks. This is a mistake: the longer the tire, the greater the resistance it shows the rotational moment of the crankshaft of the engine.
Too long tire on a low.power chainsaw will not increase the efficiency of sawing, but only create an excess load on the engine, leading star and the tire itself. This is the right path to their premature wear. And also on the hands of the operator. you will need to make more effort. Well, you will conside more fuel.
The size matters in the instructions indicates which maximum tire size is suitable for your chainsaw. You can use a smaller blade, but you should not exceed the recommendations of the manufacturer. Although users often choose large sizes, apparently considering their own appearance with such a saw more brutal. And the market did not slow down to react. As in advertising: “We know people, we offer solutions”-budget models of No-Name brands are very often equipped with a longer tire than models with similar parameters of famous manufacturers.
Users often choose a larger size
Chainsaw Sharpening. #shorts
For household saws, the right tire length is 30-40 cm (12-16 inches). powerful can carry up up to 75 cm equipment, and the units used by professionals are permissible to equip up to one and a half meters long tire. So, if you want to look like a real Canadian lumberjack, you will have to buy not only a checkered flannel shirt, but also a more powerful saw.
When choosing a saw set, pay attention not only to its length, but also to the width and shape of the tire toe. For household saws, narrow tires are specially developed, they reduce the possibility of a reverse blow when immersing the toe in the wood. A wide tire toe is convenient for tasks of increased complexity and in the work of professionals.
Choose a saw settings correctly
The width of the guide chain of the groove is also important. For the saw of domestic purpose, the tires are mainly used with a groove of 1.1 or 1.3 mm wide. The headset for a professional tool has a wider groove, 1.5-2 mm. The inconsistency of the shank (leading link) chain can lead to damage to the tire or jumping the chain when sawing.
Which chain is correct
The choice of the chain itself also has features. The most important indicators are the length, the thickness of the leading link (shank) and the step of the links. These parameters in various combinations affect the speed and quality of the cut.
Chain for the chainsaw
The parameters of the chain (number of links, thickness and step) are closely interconnected with the device of the saw (leading asterisk), the length of the tire, driven by an asterisk and the width of the groove. Therefore, carefully study the instructions before buying: if any of the chain parameters will not coincide with the size of the tire and the design of the gasoline unit itself, you just may not manage to install the chain.
The chain step depends on the leading star
Saw chains are also divided on the principle of “for household” and “for professional”. About the “professional” length and thickness we have already talked above. Chain step. the distance between neighboring working links. The larger it is, the higher the performance of the chain: the cutting teeth crash deeper into the wood. But the load on the drive is naturally increased. a leading star, and a high power is required to extend the chain in the cut material. The smaller the step, the lower the speed of sawing, but the more accuracy of the saw. This may be important for those who use a chainsaw for construction, or sculptors.
For household chainsaws with an engine volume of 40-50 cm³ and up to 3.5 liters.With. chains with a slight step are used. 0.325 inches.
What else to pay attention to when choosing a chain?
- The shape of the cutting tooth is chipper (in the form of a sickle) and a cheese (in the form of digits 7). For household saws, the most common chains with teeth of the first type.
- The procedure for the location of the links is standard (two leaders are on each cutting tooth), with a semi.percentage (each third link is replaced by connecting), with a pass (each second cutting link is replaced by a connecting one). Clock chains are cheaper, but have lower performance and wear out faster.
- The height of the profile of the cutting tooth, which is determined by the difference between the cutting edge and the height of the cut limiter. She is responsible for the depth of cut. In domestic chainsaws, low.profile chains are most often used. In semi.professional can both be used. High profile increases cutting speed, but causes increased vibrations.
- The longitudinal and transverse type of sawing differ in the angle of sharpening of the cutting edge of the tooth. Sawing “on fibers” more time.consuming. For longitudinal sawing, chains with a more acute angle of attack of the cutting surface of the links are used-5-15º. Working links of chains for a transverse saw are sharpened at an angle of 25-30º. The use of the irregular chain will lead to a sharp increase in vibration and a decrease in the handling of the saw. and, as a result, increased load on the engine (when sawing along a circuit with sharpening for a transverse saw) and a significant decrease in productivity in the opposite case.
The main consumables
Another misconception of people who have recently encountered a chainsaw. “saw does not saw”. Such Комментарии и мнения владельцев can very often be found in reviews of various models of benzo.instrumentation.
The saw does not saw?
Sawing did not drink, but a chain
If you correctly selected the cutting headset, but are still unhappy with the result of the work, most likely, the chain has lost its cutting qualities. The engine power and the number of revolutions, of course, matter, but if the cutting part. the chain. is dull, even a powerful saw for a pro stops sawing. We need sharpening.
- You felt a decrease in the speed of sawing,
- In the work you have to make great efforts,
- The tire when sawing takes aside,
- The type of shavings has changed. When the chain is acute, the chips have a uniform square shape. When she swept away, the chips take the needle form. and there is a lot of small, dusty.
You can sharpen the chain yourself. or give it to the workshop. Crazy cutting manually. just a file, an angle grinding machine (corner grinding). But more efficiently sharpen the chain on a special machine, because it is difficult to manually achieve the perfect geometry of cutting elements. And the wrong angle of sharpening can worsen the cutting properties even more.
Experts advise having several chains ready for work. even with the same technical characteristics, so as not to get into the situation “to saw, and the chain is dull”.
Consumables require periodic replacement, in addition to loss of severity, sawing chains from work tend to stretch. Tire fastening allows you to tighten the chain to some extent. But when you noticed that the tensioner cannot provide the required tension, it means that the chain has developed its resource and must be replaced. It is worth replacing the chain and in case of damage to the links.
The chain should be correctly stretched
The smallest guide for sawing logs on a benchot with your own hands
Lovers often experience an acute lack of good lumber from deciduous trees. For sale, conifers and bars are mainly presented. If you need a more noble tree, you can make a simple guide beam, and with its help to saw the logs of deciduous rocks on the required lumber.
The proposed design is a guiding beam that is screwed onto the log. A carriage of a conductor with an attached chainsaw is glued over it. Together, they set a direct trajectory when conducting a chain saw bus, from which the cut is almost perfect.
The beam itself can be made from any flat-strict boards with a thickness of at least 50 mm and a width of 150-200 mm. The length of the beam can be any, depending on what logs are required to dissolve.
The conductor itself is made of plywood and an inch board fastened with self.tapping screws. It has a P-shaped shape. Its side sides are cut out of plywood. Their size 30×7.5 cm. The top is made of two boards 12 cm long. Their width should correspond to the guide beam. When assembling the conductor between the upper boards, the gap remains.
In the center of the side of the conductor are drilled. Holes should be located so as not to protrude below the upper boards. Long bolts are inserted into the holes on both sides, which must be connected with an elongated nut. So that they do not spin, you need to fade them. On the bolts, before installing in the conductor, it will be necessary to put the washers made of plywood made using a coronal drill.
The conductor using the screed obtained from the screed bolts must be screwed to the chain saw tire. For this, the latter is drilled.
It is necessary that the saw can rotate on the axis connecting it to the carriage. To do this, between the conductor and plywood washer, the trim of their plastic gaskets are invested, and everything is lubricated with graphite powder.
In this form, the carriage is already completely ready for use. But before that it is advisable to change the guiding beam so that the sliding on it was with minimal resistance.
To use the device, you need to fasten the guide beam with self.tapping screws on the log laid horizontally on a small elevation. If it has an extension at the beginning, then it should be cut off. The beam should lie down steadily without deflection.
After that, the saw is installed by a carriage on the beam, and moving along it, cuts the first hump. It is important to check that the tire does not reach the ground. Then the carriage is turned over, and the cut is cut on the other side. The result is a workpiece with two parallel planes.
Next, the workpiece is laid on the side, the guide beam is attached from above, and it spreads onto the boards of the required width. It can be cut even easier and faster on a circular table with a parallel emphasis, since the planes on it have already been formed.
Often, the owners of the chainsaw are faced with a misunderstanding of the designation of chains and tires. Such confusion can lead to the acquisition of an inappropriate part, and as a result, wasted means. To avoid problems, you need to know about the features of choosing a chain for a chainship and its characteristics.
Varieties of elements
Those who at least once saw the wood know perfectly well that processing can be performed either across or along. There are two varieties of circuits for gasoline saws: one is designed for longitudinal cutting of the material, the other for the transverse. The longitudinal cut requires sharpening the device at an angle from 5 to 15 degrees. For a transverse cut, the tool is pulled at an angle from 25 to 35. Find out the type of chain is easy, you just need to look at the marking of the product or determine the angle of sharpening by eye.
Products for longitudinal cuts are used in rare cases, because it is much easier to process the workpiece using circular equipment. Due to the low demand, the manufacturers do not try to modernize their products, so it is difficult to find a chain for a longitudinal cut on sale.
Most of the buyers prefer the chainsaws of the transverse saw, and this tool is considered the most popular among home craftsmen and among experienced professionals. However, before choosing a chain, you need to study its main characteristics that determine the quality and performance of the tool.
Pitch size and tail thickness
The link of links is one of the main criteria for choosing a cutting part for a gasoline saw. This is the distance between the three rivets or the links of the element.
Different units are designed for chains with different steps. The exception is only professional equipment for which any cutting elements are suitable. The smaller the step, the lower the level of productivity of the device and the greater the load the engine is subjected to.
Experts also highlight such an indicator as the “aggressive” of the device. This refers to the ease of control. A big step contributes to the fact that the cloves begin to “tear” the material. In addition, a wide step increases the width of the cut, respectively, the contractor will be forced to make much greater effort so that the device does not fall out of hand.
The thickness of the tail (leading link) is another important parameter of the saw part. The thicker this element, the better and stronger the goal. However, choosing an element for work, you need to check with the information specified in the operating manual for the apparatus.
The geometry of cloves
Links can have not only different sizes and thickness. When choosing, it is important to consider the geometry of these parts. There are two profiles of teeth:
Chipper (“sickle”). Thanks to the sickle form of teeth, the saw acquires a high level of performance, quickly and simply tightens and does not require the ideal geometry of angles. The disadvantages of this design include increased load on the device and reduce the cutting properties of the chainsaw.
- Chizer (“Seven”). Such details are often used on a professional tool. The disadvantages of these teeth are difficult to sharpen and rapid wear due to the dirty mud.
The choice of a specific chain depends on the upcoming operating conditions. But chipper cloves are most popular, since there are fewer problems with them.
Tire size and chain
When choosing a gasoline saw, you need to take into account such a characteristic as the length of the tire. It is measured in inches or millimeters.
For the simplest work, for example, pruning of thin boards and knots, you can use tires with a length of 11-14 inches. Such tires are very productive and compact. For processing thick logs, the largest tires are placed on the tool. Before choosing this element, you need to read the instructions for use.
The size of the chain is determined by the length of the tire, which is on the equipment. If the chain is chosen less than the tire, then put on it will not work. It will not be pulled on a smaller bus. This indicator is also determined in inches or millimeters.
The most reliable grades of chains
Based on the reviews of chainsaw users, specialists made a small selection of the best manufacturers. So, they distinguish the following companies:
Stihl. The famous Swiss brand, which produces chain saws from durable chromium.ore steel alloys. When heated, they do not stretch, which is ensured by the use of special hot riveting technology in the production.
- Oregon. Blount Inc subsidiary company. This manufacturer is considered one of the highest quality and popular chainsaws in the market. In addition, Oregon makes all kinds of additional spare parts and accessories for sawing equipment.
- Carlton. The famous American manufacturer. The chains manufactured by the company are characterized by increased hardness, since they are subjected to special processing.
- Windsor. The developers of this company have developed an alloy with incredible strength. In addition, the chains from this manufacturer are not susceptible to stretching and have a high level of heat resistance.
One way or another, when buying a tool for a tool, you should chat with a sales consultant. It is he who will help to make the right choice.
Unboxing Teccpo 16″ Electric Chain Saw and Chain Saw Basics For Beginners | Weekend Handyman
Chain for chainsaw oregon. Features of the operation and maintenance of Oregon chainsaws (Oregon)
The instrumental concern “Oregon” supplies a high.quality technique for sawing and components to the international market. Oregon chainsaw is designed for garden work of varying degrees of complexity and is one of the best saws in its price range. A feature of the saw Oregon are saw chains and high.class guides, which can be used even in saws of other brands.
Device and technical characteristics
Oregon chainsaw is equipped with a carburetor gasoline engine operating in two.stroke mode. It has a streamlined shape, a protective casing, an anti.vibration system, a safety button and an easily removed air filter. There is a special window for observing the oil level. The cylinder is covered with chrome, which protects the engine from damage and rapid wear. Well balanced and convenient to use.
Bosch NSHP candles are used that guarantee high quality. The candle is securely isolated. There is a stopped limiter and a protective casing for the security of the operator. The chain is lubricated automatically.
The fast stop function stops working in 0.12 seconds. It is activated manually or automatically with an increase in permissible shock loads on the chain. Some saw models are equipped with a PowerSharp system for automatic sharpening, which makes the tool easier.
- power. 2400 watts;
- voltage. 220 V;
- Tire length. 45 cm;
- number of links. 62 pcs.;
- the volume of the oil tank. 140 ml;
- PAZ width. 1.3 mm;
- rotation speed. 14.7 m/s;
- The chain step is 3/8 inch (0.375);
- Dimensions. 950x260x290 mm;
- weight. 5.7 kg;
- there is a non.closing tension adjustment;
- adapted both for the transverse saw and for longitudinal sawing;
- lack of exhaust gases;
- Reduced noise level.
Sharpening of the chain
Oregon chain is sharpening the chain of the Oregon chain, using a file, and using special shoes.
Sharpening machines differ in type.
The Oregon 23736A device is designed for manual sharpening saws. Unlike a file, a specialized machine allows you to grind the chain faster and better.
Electric machine 32653A reduces the time of sharpening the tool and improves quality, but its price is significantly higher than mechanical, it is more suitable for industrial purposes. The quality of the chain remains unchanged with any type of sharpening.
Reviews and prices
In online stores, the CS 1500 model is offered for purchase at a price of 8490, more powerful models are presented at a price of 24815
Garik, 33 years old, Samara: “I work as a cut of firewood and dump plowing in the nearest villages. I consider the Oregon chains the most reliable, they are easy to tighten them even by mechanically. Vibration is low, it’s nice to work. In order not to depend on price fluctuations, I bought a whole bay. Satisfied”.
Sergey Nikolaevich, 54 years old, Tyumen: “I had never failed. The product is branded. The chain, even after manual sharpening and use on other machines, does not lose the factory characteristics “.
Daria Aleksandrovna, 41 years old, Kaluga: “There is no need for additional tension of the chain. The saw behaves excellent. We make sharpening no more than once a week. Works great with all types of wood “.