Is it possible to cut a tree in front of the house
What to do if there is no chainsaw?
The chainsaw is the most efficient tool for cutting any tree.
If not, you can use an ax and a hacksaw or a two-handed saw.
To make a cut, cut the trunk with a hacksaw across the fibers by 1/3 of the trunk diameter.
It is advisable to use a hacksaw with the largest and sharpest teeth possible.
Then the wood is cut down with an ax at an angle of 45 degrees, striking blows 2-4 cm above the cut. After that, the trunk is cut from the other side 3-5 cm higher (depending on the diameter. the thicker the trunk, the greater the difference).
If there is neither a hacksaw nor a two-handed saw, then all operations are performed using an ax. first, they strike the cutting line of the cut, deepening the blade into the wood by 1–2 cm, then chop from above at an angle of 45 degrees, forming a notch.
Some craftsmen do the opposite, first striking at an angle, then chopping perpendicularly. Both methods are the same in terms of effectiveness, so you can do as it is more convenient in a given situation.
Having finished with it, the wood is cut down in the same way from the other side, however, the upper line of the cut should be 10-15 cm higher than the lower one, otherwise the tree may start to fall in the wrong direction.
If at least part of the work is performed with an ax, then it is necessary to fix the trunk with at least a rope under an interference fit, and it is better to use a winch and springs. If this is not done, then the tree may fall in the other direction.
In addition, with an ax and a hacksaw or a two-handed saw, you should not cut trees whose diameter exceeds 10 cm. Their trunk is too heavy, therefore, due to strong blows, it can go in the wrong direction and seriously injure. Also, you cannot chop down rotten and rotten trees with an ax, branches can break off from blows and hit hard.
What can not be sawed?
For cutting trees, you cannot use:
- angle grinder (angle grinder, angle grinder);
- hand circular saw;
- hacksaw for metal.
With a guy
To fell a tree on your own in this way, you need to prepare a guy. To make it, you can use a rope, a winch and some kind of stretching element, for example, a spring or a rubber band.
The stretching force should be 10–20 kg per meter of barrel length, and the difference in compressed and stretched states should be 30–50 cm per meter of barrel length, this will allow even without helpers to lay the barrel as accurately as possible in the chosen direction.
Such a deflection not only prevents the barrel from moving to the side, but also corrects its direction at the beginning of the movement, giving it additional acceleration. It is attached either to a steel pin driven into the ground, or to a strong tree located nearby.
If it is not possible to drive a pin into the ground or tie a rope to a tree, then a parked car or an anchor driven into a solid wall can be used as a support.
If this is also impossible for some reason, then you will have to attract assistants who will pull the rope, directing the falling trunk in the right direction. In any case, the length of the rope must be at least twice as long as the height of the tree so that the helpers or support are out of the danger zone.
Discussion of self-cutting on the forums
We have prepared a list of forums where users discuss various issues related to self-deleting trees:
Roll in the direction of inclination
This method can only be used to remove even trees, the height of which does not exceed 4 m, and the trunk diameter near the ground does not exceed 10 cm. In addition, the slope of the trunk should be at least 2-3 degrees, otherwise there is a high probability of falling in the other direction.
Before cutting the notch, it is necessary to remove all branches at least to the height of its growth, if the tree begins to fall in the wrong direction, the branches can hook you and prevent you from bouncing in time.
The depth of the cut depends on the condition of the plant and on healthy trees should be equal to half the diameter of the trunk, and on old sick, rotten or rotten ones it should be 20-40% of the diameter, and the worse the condition of the tree, the less the cut should be.
If you break this rule, then the tree can break at any time, and the worse the state of the trunk, the higher this probability.
The height of the cut depends on the further purpose of the stump.
If it is planned to uproot it, then it is advisable to make a cut at a height of 70-100 cm from the ground, this will create a lever of sufficient length to turn the butt and roots out of the ground using a winch.
If the stump is planned to be destroyed with chemicals or used for growing mushrooms, then the height of the cut should be 30-50 cm. In cases where the stump is planned to be destroyed by a crusher, the cutting height is made at the level of ¾ of the maximum lifting height of the cutter.
Hacksaw for metal
The blade of a hacksaw for metal is equipped with very fine teeth without divorce, which is well suited for cutting not too hard metals.
However, this type of blade is not suitable for wood. they will cut ten times slower than a hacksaw on wood, and due to the lack of divorce, the blade will often jam.
Even after installing a special blade for wood, this type of hacksaw is not suitable for cutting wood due to the fact that a very thick handle is located above the thin blade. Therefore, even with a blade for wood, a hacksaw can only be used for cutting branches, the thickness of which does not exceed ¾ of the distance from the blade to the handle.
When is the best time to cut trees?
Emergency trees can be cut down at any time of the year.
If it is not emergency, then the best time of the year for its felling is determined based on the purpose of the wood.
If the wood is turned into chips and scattered around the garden, then it makes no difference when to cut it down, however, to get a commercial forest or even firewood, it is better to cut down a tree in winter.
The choice of time for sanitary felling depends on many factors, the main of which are the type of tree and the type of disease. Therefore, only an experienced forester can more accurately set the time of felling.
What to do with cut branches and trunks?
After removing the tree, there are branches and trunk or pieces of trunk that need to be disposed of in some way.
The most popular disposal methods are:
- Incineration is ineffective and often illegal and can result in a fine. We recommend that you carefully read the articles (Burning foliage) and (Burning out stumps), which provide information on legal requirements regarding the use of open fire in their areas.
- Making firewood. even rotten wood can be sawn and chopped for firewood. Despite the fact that they will be less efficient than fuel from healthy wood, for some time they can heat a house or a summer house, which will save a little better firewood.
- Making wood chips is one of the most versatile methods of disposal, because a lot of useful things can be made from wood chips. Read more about the application and manufacture of this material here.
- Take it to the landfill. for the tree you will have to cut it into pieces that are convenient for loading, as well as pay for the services of the landfill where the solid waste is disposed of. Sometimes branches and trunks are taken to spontaneous landfills, which pollute the landscape and pose a serious threat to nature. In addition, there wood will quickly turn into a combustible material, and even a small fire will be enough to create a large fire.
- Make poles and poles. sawn branches and pieces of trunks work well for making poles and poles, which can then be used in the garden. They can be used to make greenhouses, trellises for growing vegetables or a fence. They can also be used to make the frames of the walls of turluch buildings.
- Crafts. Branches and trunk pieces are good for making crafts and homemade furniture. In this article, we talked about how to make crafts from stumps and roots, but you can also process other parts of the tree in the same way.
Who should cut trees outside the fence?
If a tree grows behind a fence, then local authorities should cut it. Does the school have to cut trees behind the school fence, there are city garbage containers near the school fence, who is responsible for cleaning around the school or city containers?
Is it possible to cut a tree near your house?
It is illegal to cut trees in the courtyard of a residential building without a permit. According to the Kirov Rules for External Improvement, cutting down of green spaces occurs only after receiving a felling ticket from the city commission. a special document giving permission for felling, pruning and planting trees.
Is it possible to cut an oak on your site?
If the trees are outside the territory of the site, then it is really impossible to cut them down yourself, without coordinating this with anyone. If they remove the trees themselves without permission, they will have to pay a fine and compensate for the damage to the environment. According to paragraph 1 of Art.
Who should cut trees in the private sector?
Cutting trees in the local area should be the one who is responsible for them. The management company (if the plant is on public land) or the local administration is responsible for trees growing on the adjacent territory of apartment buildings.
Is it possible to cut an apple tree on your site?
A dying apple tree can be cut down, but an outsider must do it. You can invite a neighbor or relative, hire a worker. The main thing is that those who live in the house or work in their summer cottage should not cut down the tree.
How to cut a tree in front of a house?
in order to cut a tree, you need to write an application to the condominium or the management company responsible for your house. it will be considered from 10 days to a month, after which you will be sent an official response.
Is it possible to cut trees on my site?
The Civil Code contains Article 261, which states that the owner has the right to cut down planted or growing trees that he does not need. 209 of the same code states that the owner of the site can dispose of the land and natural resources (water, trees, shrubs) located on the site.
How far from the fence can you cut trees?
Tall trees, which usually include trees with a height of more than three meters, according to the norms should be at a distance of at least four meters from the border of the site. Between the trunks of medium-sized trees (less than three meters) and the fence, the distance should be at least two meters.
What trees can and cannot be planted near the house according to signs
It is difficult to imagine a private house without trees on the site. There are trees that can improve life in the house, and there are also those that in no case should be planted near the house. Let’s figure out the issue.
Larch looks especially attractive in autumn.
The influence of the tree is necessary for those who constantly experience unreasonable doubts, fears and anxiety. Larch planted near the house helps to cope with depression, melancholy and other psychological problems. Allows you to look at life positively and restore mental strength. The tree is very fond of the sun.
A good omen is to plant a cherry near the house. This unpretentious plant needs the very minimum of care, it blooms beautifully and smells good in spring. Cherry is considered a symbol of fertility and prosperity, the tree is especially revered in the East, who has not heard of the famous Japanese sakura? It is believed to be a good luck charm.
They say that a bonfire under a cherry during its flowering period increases wealth. Cherries are planted where it is supposed to cook kebabs and other summer dishes on a fire and grill. This is a good decision in terms of attracting material wealth. By the way, the most delicious kebab is obtained on cherry logs. Try it. you won’t regret it!
What about a fern bush near the house? There are many, both good and bad, on this matter. Fern destroys negative emotions and prevents quarrels. If there are conflicts in the house between husband and wife, parents and children, this plant will bring them to nothing. Fern has always been considered to bring money and good luck, reliable protection from evil spirits.
At the same time, the fern is one of the most mysterious plants associated with many legends. He is considered by some to be an energetic vampire and a decoy for disease. From the point of view of logic, this is understandable. This shade-loving plant causes allergies, absorbs oxygen and is completely unsuitable as a houseplant. On the site, the shortcomings will not be noticeable.
Acacia has a positive effect on procreation, treats infertility in both men and women. For those who cannot have a child for a long time, it is recommended to plant an acacia near the house. In addition, the tree relieves stress and improves mood.
Many people think that the spruce is an energy vampire, and it is impossible to plant this tree near the house. But it is not so. Spruce absorbs energy during the summer and gives it back in winter. The tree makes up for the winter lack of vitality, protects the family from quarrels, helps to restrain emotions, removes the unpleasant feeling that everything is going wrong.
But it is still not worth planting an evergreen plant near the house, since powerful roots can crack in the wall, and a developed crown will “strangle” flowers and shrubs with a shadow. Place large conifers away from buildings.
It is believed that spruce drives men out of the house. brings widowhood and divorce, prevents the birth of boys. They were afraid to plant a fir tree near the house of the newlyweds, because this could deprive them of their heirs. In regions where conifers are common, they do not believe in such signs.
An apple tree is a great option for planting near the windows of a girl’s bedroom. Gives beauty, charm, faith in yourself, good luck in love and happiness in family life.
Fruit trees such as peaches are also a good tree to plant near the house.
Kalina is a good option for planting near the house. Calms the nervous system and helps to heal in case of illness.
Is a protective tree and a symbol of consent.
Maple near the house will help remove negative energy, family members quarrel less. Brings longevity, love and material wealth. The life of people living in a house near a maple tree will be calm and measured.
Overview of fruit trees and their features
Many, having a summer cottage, want to plant fruit trees in the garden. For good fruiting, they need a high level of illumination, feeding, watering, pruning and preventive treatments against diseases and pests.
Planting several varieties with the same ripening period has a beneficial effect on yield. To save space on the site, it is better to choose varieties with a compact crown shape on dwarf rootstocks. Below is a brief description of the main fruit crops according to the most significant parameters.
|Culture||Average life expectancy, years||Average tree height, m||Required feeding area, m||Preferred soils||Permissible depth of groundwater, m|
|Apple tree||from 20 to 50||from 3 to 7||3×2 or 6×4||slightly acidic||from 1 to 3|
|Cherry||25||from 2 to 5||4×3||neutral||2|
|Cherries||60||from 3 to 8||4×4 or 8×4||neutral||1.5|
|Apricot||40-60||from 5 to 10||5×6||slightly alkaline||2-2.5|
|Sea buckthorn||15||from 3 to 5||2×2||neutral||one|
When choosing a fruit tree for a summer cottage, not only taste preferences, but also the climatic zone play an important role. For example, chokeberry is recommended for the northern regions, as well as honeysuckle with sea buckthorn, brought to central Russia from Siberia.
Heat-loving cherry plums, plums, sweet cherries and cherries work well in the southern regions. However, selection does not stand still and many crops adapt perfectly in atypical regions thanks to a stable rootstock. An excellent example of this is the Manchurian apricot and the Siberian apricot, which are suitable for cultivation in Siberia and the Far East. And although such an apricot has a specific non-winning taste, it is quite successful in processing.
How to Cut Down a Tree Near Your House or A Building
For the rational use of the site, you can use grafting, which allows you to have several interesting varieties on one adult tree.
Trees undesirable in the garden according to old traditions
Before planting a tree in front of the house, you can turn to the experience of our ancestors. At first glance, all signs are based on superstition, but they often have a logical grain.
In a summer cottage, it is not recommended to plant an oak, which has a strong energy and influences the head of the family. A birch tree should only grow behind a fence as a protective shield. Walnut should not be planted near the house, as its roots can destroy the foundation over time. Willow, willow and aspen, messengers of grief and death are undesirable on the site.
If there are brides in the family, then it is also better to wait with the planting of the thuja. It is recommended to plant poplar outside the territory of the site, away from home.
Overview of coniferous ornamental trees
Evergreen and rather unpretentious conifers serve as an indispensable element of the garden of any design.
For small areas of summer cottages, Arizona fir with gray-blue needles (height up to 2 m) and balsam fir (dwarf variety) are suitable. For those who want to grow a large tree, Korean fir (up to 15 m) is suitable.
Dwarf varieties, reaching a height of up to 3 m, have Atlas cedar and Himalayan cedar. Siberian cedar (cedar pine) is deservedly popular among large-sized trees. It grows slowly, but reaches a very impressive size.
Larch and spruce often decorate country houses with a large area of the personal plot. There are varieties of standard larch with a height of no more than 2.5 m with a spherical or weeping crown. The varieties of weeping larch look very impressive: the European dwarf variety Repens up to 1.5 m high with branches almost creeping on the ground and the Japanese variety Pendula up to 7 m high with delicate green-blue needles.
Dwarf forms of spruce can reach a height of 2. 2.5 m, which, with slow growth, become acceptable in areas of all sizes. There are a lot of varieties of dwarf spruce with various colors of needles and different crown shapes. Blue spruces look the most beautiful and original, effectively standing out from the rest of the vegetation.
Of the coniferous shrubs with different crown shapes, yew and juniper can be noted. In the landscape design of private plots, dwarf species of juniper with different colors of needles (from dark green to silver-blue) up to 8 m high are used.
Overview of ornamental trees and shrubs
Ornamental trees have not only an aesthetic function, but are often planted for shade by the gazebo, to protect from dust from the road, to create a living border along the fence. Features of care depend on the type of plant and the growing area.
There are trees that are undesirable to plant on a private plot because of aggressive growth or because of popular beliefs. Consider the most popular ornamental trees and shrubs in private landscape design in terms of care features and possible use.
|Small-leaved linden||A tree up to 30 m high with a neat oval crown, high frost resistance, does not tolerate drought, the crown lends itself well to formation||A shady tree with a pleasant fragrance during the flowering period, it is a honey plant, can be used for hedges or planting along a fence, well retains dust from the road||The linden tree near the house, according to the old traditions, protects against all diseases and ailments. A young tree does not bloom, the first flowering is observed only at 20-30 years of age, linden blossom is used in folk medicine|
|Norway maple||A tree up to 6 m high with a compact spherical crown, does not need frequent pruning, grows on any soil||Good for shading near a house or over an artificial pond, often planted along a fence or road||Used in folk medicine and cooking|
|Bird cherry||A tree with a height of 4 to 10 m, known for its snow-white racemose inflorescences with a bright aroma, undemanding to growing conditions||Due to the spreading wide crown, it is often planted singly at the edge of the site or in alleys in a large garden||You can not plant close to the house, as its roots destroy the foundation; produces edible fruits with medicinal properties|
|Poplar white (silver)||A fast-growing tree up to 30 m high with a spreading crown, has a light bark and silvery leaves, light-loving, salt-resistant, tolerates drought and waterlogging, frost-resistant||Used in single or group landings. For urban landscaping, pyramidal poplar is often used, which does not form fluff, but has a large height||It is undesirable to plant close to the house because of the aggressive root system, it cleans the air well from dust and harmful substances|
|Catalpa||A thermophilic tree 10-15 m high with a high spherical crown and an elegant even trunk, the inflorescences are large, white, after flowering long pods are formed, giving additional decorativeness, does not tolerate pruning||Single plantings near a gazebo or near a house, exudes a very pleasant aroma during the flowering period, grows relatively slowly, in the Moscow region it can freeze slightly||People call it “macaroni tree”|
|Lilac||Abundantly flowering unpretentious shrub with a height of 3 to 6 m, the color of fragrant inflorescences is white or lilac in different shades, requires moderate pruning||Some varieties do not tolerate urban gas pollution, so it is undesirable to plant them near the road. Lilac is ideal for hedges||It is considered by the people to be the protector of family well-being and source of inspiration for creative people.|
|Barberry||Thorny shrub from 1 to 4 m in height, with a varied color of leaves (burgundy, yellow, green, purple), unpretentious in care||Used to create an impenetrable wall of dense thorny twigs||Used in traditional medicine, recommended for planting at home|
|Willow||A tree with drooping shoots, grows quickly, can be easily pruned, tolerates significant waterlogging||Planting near water bodies or on waterlogged soils, hedges||A symbol of sadness and sadness, in the old days it was considered a bad omen to plant a willow under the window|
The list can be continued for a long time, especially if it covers all varieties and varieties. Breeders successfully cope with the task of “satisfying the needs of every gardener”.
What trees to plant in front of the house and in other places of the site?
When purchasing a land plot and drawing up a plan for a future home, you definitely need to think about placing trees and shrubs, which are always planted first. This is explained not only by the size of the plants, but also by the relatively long growth period until full flowering or fruiting. Of course, it is impossible to plant all ornamental and fruit trees in the summer cottage due to the limited territory, so you have to choose.
And when deciding which trees to plant on the site, you need to focus on two principles:
- growing conditions: demanding or unpretentious species;
- main purpose, or place in the garden landscape (garden, hedge, single plant).
If we talk about fruit trees, then the easiest care is required for an apple tree (especially if you purchase a locally selected seedling that is resistant to common diseases and pests). Of course, unpretentious varieties do not differ in high taste, but they will not bring trouble either. But if you want to surprise your neighbors with something exotic, then you should think about planting a yellow plum, actinidia, walnut or peach.
The same principle applies to ornamental trees and shrubs. For example, for a hedge, you can use wild grapes, honeysuckle or drooping lilacs, with minimal requirements for soil and climatic conditions, or you can decorate the site with juniper, barberry or hawthorn, for which you need a little more attention.
If you decide to plant a tree in the country, be sure to check the depth of the groundwater. Many trees, both fruit and ornamental, die as soon as their roots reach the water. These trees include a pear, which has a deeply penetrating root system. At first, a young seedling is actively growing and pleases the owner, it may even be possible to taste the first fruits, but then the tree begins to wither and dry out. Inexperienced gardeners complain about illness or poor-quality planting material and buy and plant pear seedlings again.
To plant trees really become durable, you need to take into account the requirement of each species to the growing conditions.
Timing of planting trees and purchase of seedlings
It is difficult to unequivocally answer the question of when it is better to plant trees. It depends on the weather conditions and the specific culture. The optimal time for planting fruit trees from the pome fruit group is late autumn, and for thermophilic stone fruit trees it is better to plant in early spring. The preferred age of seedlings is 2 years, but for vigorous crops (pear, cherry) it is better to use annual seedlings. The negative side of annual seedlings is not a formed crown, but they get sick less during transplantation and take root faster.
Most ornamental crops are planted in spring. over, the strict framework “before bud break” applies only to seedlings with an open root system. Planting material with a closed root system (in pots or bags) is suitable for planting throughout the spring and even in summer, but it costs more.
When purchasing seedlings at specialized exhibitions and fairs, you need to pay attention to the following points:
- in what form they are sold: seedlings with open and dried roots have little chance of taking root on the site; good material is packed in bags with a small lump of damp earth;
- the condition of the root system: the roots should be even (without thickening), elastic and without signs of peeling;
- crown condition: the buds should be swollen, but not open;
- stem height: for fruit 2-year-old seedlings about 50 cm;
It is recommended to buy planting material in nurseries that are in each region. Only there you can be sure of the quality of the seedlings and choose plants adapted for a specific zone. Varieties of fruit trees for the Moscow region and the entire central strip of Russia are grown in the Michurinsky fruit nursery.