Plates on cutters for a power tiller with their own hands
Making your own goosefoots
If your power tiller is outdated, or if you have a desire to improve your equipment, for example, to reduce or increase the width and depth of cultivation, the part can be made by yourself. Often such an idea can significantly improve the level of quality of cultivation of the land, as well as significantly accelerate the work.
these parts are characterized by an uncomplicated design, so they can be made by yourself.
The easiest option is to study and analyze the design of industrial type cutters, then make some adjustments.
Note that you have to use the individual drawings to assemble the cutters yourself.
So, homemade attachments of this type consist of the following parts:
- Sleeve. It can be made from a thick tube with a diameter of 50 mm.
- The flange is made of thick sheet steel. It can be shaped round, but it is much easier to make a square-shaped flange.
- Stand for the blade. Here you can use a steel angle. Some craftsmen use car springs to make this element.
- Middle blade.
- Leftmost blade.
It’s better to make blades of tool steel alloys. Some craftsmen use automobile leaf springs for this purpose.
With the use of welding, the blades are mounted on racks that are attached to flanges. The flanges are attached directly to the hub. Some people choose bolt fasteners, but such designs are not very reliable.
“Disadvantage” of the nozzle “goose feet” is that during the work of this element is severely damaged. As a result, the engine of the cultivator is exposed to additional load, and the performer is very tired. In order to minimize this, on both sides of the axis it is necessary to put casters, which will act as some kind of limiters.
In this situation only the uppermost topsoil layer is cultivated. This option is convenient for cultivating turfy and heavily overgrown soil. After the first pass turf begins to break up. Then the wheels are dismantled, and additional work is done to a greater or lesser depth.
If homemade goosefoots are competently made, their quality will not be inferior to their industrial counterparts.
So, the self-made “goose feet” has the following advantages:
- you will have the opportunity to save money;
- you will make the part exactly for your cultivator;
- A properly assembled homemade cutter is in no way inferior to the factory products.
How to properly assemble cutters on a single axle tractor
a single-axle tractor is a truly versatile machine, which is a great helper for the farmer whose farm size has not yet reached the size that would make it necessary to buy a tractor. In addition, the single-axle tractor is much more compact. Depending on the attachment, it can replace many separate units, saving the owner a lot of money. Cutter is one of the most important types of “attachments. That’s why many owners puzzle over how to assemble cutters on a single-axle tractor and how difficult it is to do it themselves.
How to make milling cutters for a power tiller with your own hands
Cutters are not complicated. Before you assemble them, it is worth familiarizing yourself with the already existing parts and their design features.
Suitable drawings can be found in thematic publications and on forums on the Internet. After determining the model it is necessary to prepare the materials for assembly. If shaped parts will be used, they should be ordered from a craftsman or forged yourself, if you have certain skills and access to special equipment.
Materials that will be needed
Before assembly, measure the area that you plan to work, and based on these data, begin to assemble the mechanism. In order to get the most correct design you will need:
- welding machine,
- angle grinder,
- parts which will act as rippers;
- A long metal pipe 42 mm in diameter.
The basis for rippers can be car springs, which are bent and at an angle are welded to the main tube.
Tips for making
First of all, pay attention to the correct assembly. Avoid any deviations, even the smallest. If you are not careful, the axle will be broken. Installing homemade cutters for the power tiller and tillers for the cultivator, it is important not to confuse the direction of rotation of the teeth.
Components with a diameter of no more than 500 mm are recommended. This means the tool can go 260 mm into the ground and cover about a meter in one go.
Sabre knives are less dangerous than other knives. With them, the risk of serious injury is minimal. The alternate arrangement of the knives makes their entry into the ground consistent, there are no blows and jerks.
To maximize the life of homemade devices, you need to adhere to a few simple rules, in particular, when starting the nozzles should be above the ground, then start the revolutions, slowly lower the blades into the soil. so begins processing.
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As already mentioned, the work begins with measuring the area. After all the calculations are done, you can proceed directly to the assembly. Using a welding machine, connect the blades to the pre-prepared pipe. Before this, you can sharpen the edges of the elements at the desired angle.
The obtained device should be fixed on the coupling node. and the work can be considered as done. To make sure that the system works properly, conduct a test run and make adjustments.
People with experience in working with metals will easily be able to assemble the cutters for the “Neva” power tiller. Simplify the installation allows you to make pre-made schemes, as well as a set of quality tools and materials.
To assemble such a mechanism as a tiller for a motor-block, you can do it with your own hands, but you need to read the recommendations and steadily adhere to the sequence of work. Then the device will serve for decades.
Such equipment as a cutter is essential for any power tiller, as it can be used to carry out most of the work associated with the processing of the soil. Basically, the soil cutter comes with the unit, but in cases where you need to change the width and depth of processing, you should buy the equipment separately.
Additional cutters allow to increase the functionality of the power tiller and simplify the work with it. Specialists recommend to have several pairs of cutters in your arsenal.
The second type of milling cutter is the model “goose feet”, which received such an original name due to the triangular shape of the cutting parts. Similar to the saber type of device, the size and number of cutting components depends on the weight of the main unit. For example, it is recommended to install four or more parts for the MTZ motoblock, and for other similar models only three. In fact, you can put an unlimited number of blades, as you see fit, but you should take into account that the power of a power tiller with a weak engine will drop significantly.
With the help of “goose feet” most often work difficult types of soils and virgin lands. But it is worth noting that if the soil contains a large number of branched roots, the system can clog and fail.
Widespread use of this type of cutters received in the eighties during the USSR, when the active development of homemade devices in the economic sector began. Farmers were forced to look for ways to increase productivity on their plots, and for this reason they learned to create tillers for power tillers with their own hands. It should be said that since then the design of the unit has not changed, which once again proves its timeless efficiency.
How to assemble “goosefoots”
The main element of the soil device is the drive sleeve, the parameters of which should not be less than five mm of wall length, and the optimal value is considered about seven mm. Next, it is necessary to grind the interior so that it is easily dressed on the shaft, and make a special hole for the axle tube to a depth of thirty or forty mm.
As for the axial tube itself, it is usually made on the basis of the standard model AE25-32, but other similar parts are also allowed. There are two types of ready-made pipe: collapsible and non collapsible, everything depends on your expectations. But if you believe the reviews of farmers, the collapsible version is still considered the most effective, as there is always the possibility to add or remove the blade settings. It is impossible to predict how the single-axle tractor will behave in a certain area, and for this reason it is better to have a spare version of the modification just in case.
Having chosen a suitable type of axle pipe, it is necessary to install a special flange for further attachment of blade settings. The total length of such a device will depend on the width of the blades and their distance from each other. The optimal width of triangular blades is about 60-80 mm, as larger sizes noticeably increase the resistance of the machine to the ground and worsen its performance. The knife inserts themselves should be made of solid steel and have a thickness of 3-5 mm. Next, you should assemble the stand of the cutting element, which consists of a curved strip and sharpened edge.
Connecting the knife unit and the axial tubes, you will get the overall design of the modular element. Actually, this is the final stage of creating “goose feet” and you can conduct the first “running-in” of the homemade unit. Also, before you start the procedure of making a cutter, it is worth making a small drawing beforehand, in order to reduce the risk of damage to the parts. The necessary drawing can be found in many automotive publications or on the Internet, if you have technical education and understand the design of the mill, you can make an approximate plan yourself.
Should the cutters be sharpened on the single axle tractor??
There is no definite answer to this question. Everything depends on the individual characteristics of the power harrow, the soil and the conditions of use. For example, a sharpening machine with a heavy-duty tiller does not need to be sharpened for heavy soils. You won’t see any tangible effect from this procedure, you’ll only waste time and effort.
For processing a site with a lighter power tiller with small cutters sharpening is not a bad option to improve the quality of work. But there is a disadvantage here, too. First, sharpening lasts only for a few hours, and then the procedure must be repeated, which is a long and laborious process. Secondly, sharpened blades help to crush the roots of weeds, which in turn can only speed up their reproduction.
If you do decide to have the tiller sharpened, remove it from the power tiller and clean it from the ground. Sharpen each cutting element with emery paper very carefully, so as not to damage them.
Active cutter for a power tiller with your own hands
Usually an active tiller for a power tiller is sold as a set with the power tiller. But sometimes you need to do the work, using specialized cutters, which are not sold anywhere. In this case it is necessary to make cutters for the power tiller yourself.
In this case, you can go in two ways: to make a cutter yourself or order the production from a master. The first option is quite labor-intensive. But it will take a little time and money to make a cutter, for the cost of materials.
The second option has a number of advantages: the availability of all the necessary tools and materials at the master, and as a result the cutter will be more practical.
At first you need to think through the functionality and design of the cutter. To do this, you should familiarize yourself with analogues. In order to achieve maximum functionality and safety, it is necessary to take into account all the details of design. If this is not taken into account, the cutter will not do the necessary work, and all the work of making it will be a waste of time. Prepare the necessary materials after you have prepared the drawings. If the cutter is equipped with shaped or pobedite elements, these are manufactured by a specialist. And the other elements are bought in a store or use those that are available.
After all the parts are made, it is necessary to assemble a normally working milling machine, which is not possible for everyone. Assembly must be done strictly according to the drawings, without any deviations in design. Otherwise, the cutter will constantly go to the side, which will make the work very difficult.
After the cutter is assembled, it is necessary to test its work. If required, the tiller can be reworked to do the job required.
Varieties of cutters for the power tiller
Structurally, a tiller is a set of tillage blades placed on a rotating axle. Such a module consists of two parts, which are installed on the drive shafts of the wheels on either side of the power unit. Thanks to this arrangement, the single-axle tractor is able to move independently during cultivation.
It is also possible to distinguish the type of power tillers with attached power tillers, which rotary motion is ensured by PTO shaft. The module is located behind the power unit and does not participate in the movement. MTZ, Neva, Prorab, Sich, Agro motor units are just made in different versions, with and without PTO.
There is practically no difference in the manufacture of both mounted and standard cutters. But an additional universal joint shaft drive module with a double-sided angular gearbox is available for mills that rotate independently.
Blade blocks on such tillers consist of four cutting elements spaced 90˚ from each other. There may be 2, 3 or more such units on one side of the power take-off shaft. The number of blades and module width depends on the weight of the tiller and its power.
The blades are curved strips of high strength alloy steel. Steel type 50ХГФА is well suitable for self-treatment and subsequent hardening for self-treatment. Blades bends have different directions alternately.
Active shearer design enables working in areas with stones and roots without risk of shear knife breakage. But it is practical to use this type of equipment on light soils.
The cutting elements of such cutters are made in the form of a triangle made of strong steel, located at the end of the stand. This arrangement is the reason for the extravagant name.
Similarly to active rotary hoes, the width and number of blade banks are determined by the weight and power of the rotary cultivator. Number of cutting elements, arranged around the circumference of the knife block, 4 or more. Increasing the number of blades means a better shredding of the soil, but the power of the power tool needs to be increased.
These types of tillers are designed for heavy soils and virgin lands. The presence of branched root systems in the soil causes frequent blocking of the module.
Both types of tillage cutters have their advantages and disadvantages. When choosing the option for self-manufacturing, it is necessary to consider the structure of soils, the required degree of crushing the soil, the layout and power of the power unit, complexity and manufacturing techniques.
While the diameter determines the depth, the number regulates the working width. The most common choice is two or three pairs of elements. There are cultivators with one or four pairs. By altering the number of tools, the working width can be adjusted.
The number of elements also depends on the type of soil. For cultivating loose light soils with your own hands, the maximum number is set. For loam, virgin soil, their number decreases.
Cutters for a homemade power tiller. order of making the equipment
The simple design of tillers for power tillers makes it possible to make these kinds of devices with your own hands. Below we will consider the correct procedure for making different types of equipment for plowing the soil.
How to assemble properly cutters on a single-axle tractor. making saber-shaped equipment
Directly before making saber-shaped rotary devices we advise you to study the drawings, which will prompt you the correct procedure for assembling equipment.
Any sabre mill for a power tiller consists of two interconnected blocks, each block contains 12 cutters. The design of one single unit includes 3 assemblies, each equipped with 4 cutting blades. The latter, in turn, are arranged in 30° relation to each other.
Assembly of saber-shaped attachments is performed as follows:
- First make the stand, using a 6.3×4 cm angle;
- Weld one end of the stand to the flange so that you can then join the 4 cutting blades together;
- Connect all cutting elements of the cutter with each other by means of flanges and bolts with washers.
The rotary cutter made in this way has high strength and stability, which will allow you to use it for processing soils of any density.
Making goosefoot cutters
Immediately prior to assembling this type of fixture, you will need to prepare carefully for work. With tools and materials you will need:
- a steel pipe with a diameter of 4.2 cm
- Steel plates for making cutting knives;
- welding machine;
- An angle grinder with a set of discs.
The active goosefoot cutter is assembled in the following order:
- For making the cutting elements you can use the springs from a car. Cut them into equal pieces, and then weld them to the steel tube that acts as the base;
- Sharpen the edges of the cutting elements carefully and weld them to the base to be used;
- Assemble the equipment, start it and make the necessary adjustments. After starting the power tiller the blades must hang in the air and not touch the ground.
For the gooseneck milling machine to work as long as possible, lower it slowly to the ground. Failure to do so may cause the equipment to break.
Self-installation of cutters on a single-axle tractor
The process of mounting the machines to a single-axle tractor is exactly the same, both for the sabre and gooseneck devices.
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In either case the procedure is as follows:
- Mount the cutters you have made on a special wooden trestle, which is about 0.5 m high;
- Carefully tilt the single-axle tractor at a 45° angle, and rest it on the coulter;
- Place the “goosenecks” under the handlebar of the power tiller;
- Dismantle the regular wheels of the agricultural machine, and install self-made cutters instead;
- On the left and right outer end of the tillers, securely fasten the cutter plates. they will significantly improve the running of the power tiller and make it smoother and more stable.
After completing all the above steps you can start working on the ground. The power tillers and discs are fixed firmly to the tillers, so don’t forget to check whether they are securely fastened to the power tiller.