Replacing Oil in a Tiller: How to Do It and Whether It Is Necessary to Add Gasoline to a Lubricant
By acquiring a tiller, great hopes are laid on him. First of all, I want this technique to perform its functions efficiently and serve faithfully for many years. The key to this is not only high-quality production of the equipment itself, but also the correctness of its operation. First of all, it is necessary to carry out timely oil changes. Many make mistakes during this procedure. Now we will tell you how to replace the oil for the tiller and whether to add it to gasoline.
Oil change in two stroke and four stroke engines
First of all, it is important to choose the right oil for your tiller. Usually, all these nuances are detailed in the instruction manual. The manufacturer must indicate which oil is suitable for your tiller and how to replace it. Remember that improperly selected grease can damage your machine.
So when choosing it, you should be extremely careful. Never use automotive lubricant. No matter how high-quality it is, it will not be able to ensure the normal operation of the tiller and will only lead to its breakdown.
Two-stroke engine lubricant selection
The main difference between tillers with this engine is that they do not have a special lubrication system. Therefore, in their case, it will be necessary to add oil to gasoline, and pour this mixture into the tiller already. Such a gasoline-oil solution during the operation of the unit is formed in fog, which lubricates all the parts in its path, and the lubricant itself burns out in the engine cylinder.
Now many manufacturers already produce tillerries with separate tanks for oil and for fuel, where these substances are automatically mixed directly in the inlet pipe after the carburetor. In this case, the lubricant in the engine also burns out.
Proportions for which you need to breed oil with gasoline
The ratio of these substances directly depends on the type of lubricant and on the manufacturer’s instructions. All this should be prescribed in the instructions. But if the instruction manual was not at hand, then you should adhere to standard ratios:
The main qualities of good lubrication for a two-stroke engine:
- Burnout grease leaves a minimum of ash.
- For engines with separate oil supply, it should have good fluidity.
- Rapid decomposition in case of contact with water.
- Mandatory presence of anti-corrosion, anti-wear and temperature properties.
- Quick solubility in gasoline.
If you adhere to all the norms and proportions of mixing fuel, you will provide your equipment with excellent work and good wear resistance.
How to dilute the fuel mixture?
The fuel mixture must be diluted in a separate container, and then pour the resulting solution into the tank. For cooking, you need clean, gasoline-resistant and dry containers. First, gasoline is poured, and then oil. In the reverse order, the grease may adhere to the bottom and not be sufficiently mixed. It is best to mix gasoline up to 92 octane for mixing. Do not, under any circumstances, incline the calculation of proportions. It is also important not to fill the tank to the top, you need to leave a gap of about 2.5. 3 cm. This is done due to the expansion of fuel during operation.
Features of replacing four-stroke engine lubricant
- It is better to use 92 gasoline;
- It is important that the gasoline is fresh (shelf life is not more than 30 days);
- Do not use automobile oils;
- Always check the lubrication level (should be at the level of the last thread of the filler hole);
- Engine power of 4 to 7 hp take 600 ml of grease, at 7.5 hp. 900 ml, for 8. 15 hp. 1.1 liters
For four-stroke engines, synthetic or semi-synthetic oil is used. Synthetic is much more expensive, but it wins with its quality. But semi-synthetic grease is more affordable, but when you buy it, you must take into account the viscosity and temperature conditions of the tiller robots.
According to the seasons, there are 3 types of oil:
It is very important to use a seasonally suitable lubricant. But most often, tiller owners use multigrade oil, it is universal in its functions and serves as the basis for the excellent operation of equipment regardless of weather and temperature conditions.
How often do you need to change the oil?
Experts insist that the first replacement should be carried out immediately after the first break-in of the tiller. Since it is during the first break-in that abrasive particles appear in the oil, which in the future can cause breakdown of engine components. The second replacement should be made after 5-6 hours of equipment operation. And already during operation, the lubricant is changed after every 40 hours of operation of the device.
It is important that if you notice such features as burning smell, viscosity, color changes (darkening) in the oil, then it needs to be changed not depending on how many hours the mechanism was in operation.
Stages of changing the oil in the tiller:
- We heat the tiller to give the lubricant fluidity.
- We stop the engine and translate the equipment into a horizontal position.
- Using a screwdriver, we remove the conical plug from the drain hole.
- Remove all old fluid.
- Add new oil.
- If there is no drain hole, then replacement is done through the filler hole.
How to control the oil level in the engine?
- Set the tiller in a horizontal position.
- Remove the control screw.
- If the oil level matches, add 0.2 l.
- If you want your tiller to serve you for many years, he needs to do regular oil changes. Also do not forget about the ongoing diagnosis of equipment. This will allow you to avoid many problems and protect your equipment from breakdowns.