Sandpaper Does Not Hold On The Sander
To clean the sandpaper from sawdust or wood dirt, which remains after polishing various wooden elements (boards, jambs, bars and so on), several special devices are used:
- a special pencil designed for these purposes. It looks like this:
- a piece of some solid-state heater or a plexiglass bar (another name is plexiglass);
- a small block of rubber;
- Selicon from a tube of sealant.
The entire cleaning process boils down to overwriting one of the materials proposed above over the entire surface of the cleaning part of sandpaper (to speed up the process, you can put sandpaper on the grinder). For greater visual clarity, you can watch one of the following videos, in which it is shown in detail how the sandpaper cleaning process is going:
For parts made of solid wood, it is customary to smooth the saw cuts or remove traces of glue, polish the places where the chips broke off, or clean the protruding fibers of the wood with the thinnest sandpaper before the wood is covered with stain or varnish. Even veneers made of plywood or veneer, which have an almost smooth, flawless surface, can be varnished without preliminary grinding only in the most extreme case.
Solid wood panels and parts can have almost imperceptible irregularities, which will become clearly visible after applying varnish, stain or other protective agent.
It is understood that grinding should not lead to the appearance of new scratches and grooves. You will avoid this danger if you use sandpaper and a bar suitable for your product.
how to grind wood
When the part is ready, its surface should be carefully sanded.
Roughnesses on the surface of a wooden part are noticeable better if the light does not fall directly, but along the surface: then all indentations, knolls and protruding fibers are clearly manifested. Keep the part against the light source if you want to check the quality of your work.
When planing solid wood blanks after a planer, more or less noticeable furrows remain. Eliminating them is best done in cycles.
Many home craftsmen prefer to process surfaces with only one cycle and completely abandon sandpaper. With a well-sharpened cycle, you can clean planed surfaces and give them an almost flawless appearance.
The cycle is a metal rectangle with a cutting edge sharpened at a right angle, which is carried out on the surface. The cutting edge is dull, so it needs to be sharpened from time to time. First, a chamfer (beveled side of the cutting part) is ground on a whetstone or wheel, then the cycle is turned over, laid flat on the whetstone and in this position they are driven along the stone in straight or circular movements, capturing the cutting edge of the edge.
When working, the cycle is taken with both hands so that the thumbs are in the middle of the face facing you. Always put the cycle at an angle and lead in the direction of the wood fibers. Use the cycle only for processing solid wood, plywood or veneers. Chipboards quickly blunt the cycles and leave nicks on them. For processing putty surfaces it is better to use sandpaper.
cycle tool for fine peeling veneer wood
Loops left by the planer or sticking out fibers of the wood are cleaned by the cycle.
Will you do the cleaning cycles or in some other way. in any case, before grinding the surface of parts made of solid wood or veneered with plywood or veneer, it must be moistened.
To do this, it is better to use warm water (you can even hot if the part is made of solid wood). Then you have to wait until the parts are completely dry. Small dents will disappear when exposed to water.
But the incised wood fibers, pressed to the surface of the part before being moistened, swell and, having dried up a little, stand up. Therefore, the surface, which seemed perfectly smooth before moisturizing, often becomes rough, fleecy.
After grinding, the surface becomes smooth again.
The surface of the part made of wood, regardless of whether it retains its natural appearance or is covered with stain or varnish, is primed.
The primer closes all pores, as if sealing them.
As a result, the hygroscopicity of wood is reduced, and the paint lays down better and more evenly than on a primed surface.
Make sure that the room in which you work is dry, dustless and not too cool. So you create the perfect working environment. The primer is more convenient to apply with a soft flat brush.
The primer dries out after about half an hour. But wait at least an hour before sanding the primed surface with the finest-grained sandpaper (No. 240). Work only in the direction of the wood fibers, often change the skin and knock out fine dust from it, which is formed when grinding.
The surface, which seemed perfectly smooth, became moist and fleecy after being moistened.
Gently apply a diluted primer to the prepared surface with a flat brush.
When sanding smooth surfaces, it is important to use sandpaper correctly: a too coarse sandpaper will scratch the wood, a sandpaper without a boss treats the surface unevenly. The boss provides an even fit of the skin to the tree over a relatively large area. Usually use a cork boss. But a small wooden block with smooth smooth edges is quite suitable. You can also use special pads-holders made of hard rubber or plastic: they consist of two parts. the upper and lower, between which sandpaper is laid.
To clean coarse sections with a saw, a skin with a coarse-grained abrasive coating (grain size 100) is used. The planed surfaces are sanded with 120 grit sandpaper. For fine, finishing grinding, a 180 or 240 grit sandpaper is used. Sand the wood all the time in the direction of fiber growth and without undue effort. Experienced craftsmen avoid to process surfaces with sandpaper for a long time, while their movements are very light, almost without pressure. As a result, the tiny ends of the fibers are only pressed to the surface, but not cut off.
A special grinding device is the so-called “sand plates” of various sizes and grain sizes. Each represents a steel plate with tiny “pins” with sharp edges protruding on the surface. When grinding with such a plate, due to the large distance between the "pins", many sawdust is formed, and their cutting edges remain sharp for a long time. In the case of "sand plates" noticeably "more aggressive" than ordinary sandpaper.
If the surfaces of large parts are ground using a lug wrapped in sandpaper over them, the procedure for processing small parts is different: a piece of skin of a suitable size is fixed on the workbench with strips of adhesive tape and carried out on the skin with the part. This avoids rounding at the edges. Before proceeding with further processing of the part, after grinding, thoroughly clean it from dust.
When grinding flat surfaces, use a special boss so that the skin is evenly pressed against the tree.
Small parts are best sanded by sanding paper mounted on a workbench.
Cork and plastic accessories for fixing sandpaper. “Sand plates” are glued to the grip plate.
To grind complex edges and profiles, you need a special flair and an appropriate grinding tool. A lug with an emery pad will not work here. It is often more convenient to work by taking the paper simply in your hand and holding its edges between your fingers so that they do not scratch the part.
When processing parts of complex shapes, it is advisable to use homemade “files”. They make them as follows. Narrow strips of sandpaper are glued onto planks or round sticks. With these “files” you can cleanly process the smallest rounding or the narrowest recesses on turned parts.
Wood dust is removed from the sponge, crushing it. You can also wash the sponge, but before using it again, you must wait until it is completely dry.
Grinding sponges with abrasive coatings of coarse, medium and fine grit are especially good for cleaning roundings and profiles.
Emery jaws are so flexible that they tightly fit any rounding and even multi-stage profiles.
If you are holding sandpaper with your hand, be careful not to scratch the edges of the paper.
Emery “files” can be made from strips of suitable emery paper pasted onto trims or round sticks.
Processing of a wooden part is usually completed by the fact that its edges are slightly rounded, that is, the sharp edges of the transitions from one plane to another or from the front to the end surface are slightly grinded.
Be very careful and careful when doing this work, as sharp edges of the part can be injured. Do not allow sudden movements when turning the part, which can lead to its impact on some solid object and, accordingly, to damage. After rounding, the treated surface can be varnished. Note that on the rounded edge, the varnish lays down with a uniform film and holds better, while on the sharp edge of the transition from one plane to another, this film is very thin and often breaks.
Round off using sandpaper only with the boss, which you point at a 45-degree angle to both surfaces. The boss ensures uniform grinding and rounding.
Make sure that work, if possible, is carried out in the direction of the wood fibers, and on the end sides. from the middle to the edges. When grinding along the edge, you need to slightly press the boss with sandpaper to the surface so as not to break off the wood fibers.
When rounding the edges, lead the boss wrapped in sandpaper at an angle to the side edges or with slight pressure along the edge.
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- Published: 4 aug 2016
- Hi guys! At the moment, I’ve already got confused not only with a turner, but also with a cyclone (both home-made and ready-made, which the subscriber Roman sent me), so there are a lot of unprepared materials, and you are waiting, so the video from the bins is how to clean the sandpaper or sanding belt. Pretty effective technology that really struck me. The sandpaper is cleaned very quickly to the state "as new". I will show you how to clean up completely neglected options, as well as easier on a makeshift circular grinding machine, an orbital eccentric machine and a belt grinder. Write all your methods in the comments.
My site is maximkozlov.ru
LIVE Channel. ruclip.com/user/MaxRecordsLive
VK Group. vk.com/maxwoodworker
- Hobbies and style
Personally, I also did not find the rubber anywhere, but where I found it there it cost fabulous money. But in general, I took the silicone and poured it into the mold, 2-3 days and it’s ready, it’s also not bad to clean.
I was advised to mix silicone with cotton and dry. I tried with cotton and without. With cotton it cleans much better. I don’t know what to explain.
Anything rubber and plastic.
I clean the sandpaper with solvent and cotton after grinding resinous wood. Smelly, but extremely effective.
Old "slates" made of polyurethane (they all go to the garden) clean perfectly!
hello max! Resist a hard resinous coating with a cord brush, and then a silicone dildo with clowns)))) will remove small faces! here it also depends on the shape, it can be “stone”. it is usually cheaper, fit, etc., but there is a “glass” , it’s more expensive, but it also takes longer! such as the little world, so it’s worth it to clean them
I usually just vacuum the disc right on the grinder, the effect is the same 100%)))
Boiling water with soap cleans and tarry sticks!
I just washed sandpaper from a tape machine with hot water, soap and a brush. Dried on batteries. It turns out like new. Tape Ankor, did not get wet.
there is such a presence of tools, glue (in the upper right, closer to the center) that you need to plow in order to work out the cost of what is visible, and not save on consumables, unless you make homemade products from plywood.
Ripened! Thanks! (how many were thrown, uncleaned.)
Try silicone. You can get it from old keyboards, there are such things under the keys. silicone caps, you can just put a tube of sealant in some kind of bowl and let it harden, you can still get it from somewhere)).
Maxim Kozlov Sori, apparently listened
So I talked about silicone.
That’s right, Fedor, I’m the butt end. I clean the hose with a diameter of about 40 mm and a wall thickness of about 8.
End face bar? It’s harder to hold.
Maxim, please tell me what kind of orbiter do you have? Isn’t dexter accidental?
. but it seemed to me, a biltheme! but most likely the scheme was copied by many!))) in 90 we just cleaned with HLPS and other forms
It turns out not bad with ordinary foam rubber. Foam rubber does not remove strong clogs, but at the initial stages of clogging, sandpaper cleans perfectly.
Apparently, yes, since Voxa54 cleans with foamed insulation. They’re alike.
Dmitry Azache will be a little expensive)
Ask April and Darbin))
I clean old shoes, in the shoe sole is clearly cheaper than a block
It doesn’t help much on tapes after pine ends and putty. The skin, although clean but grit, is clearly falling. Instead of 100, it’s at least 120. Not as many skins as it crates and the machine heats up. And you won’t get enough on a hard disk with 800 discs, it’s easier to change
on tape my acetone and foam rubber
Of course, this is not a panacea for everything.
here I am an ignoramus, I threw so many drives clogged) but now I will save)) thanks for the video)
It is such a bar that is sold in Calpe Vriksha at a much more moderate price than in All tools. I have been using Black German for about 10 years. It will never end, but it is four times less than rubber.
Well, who knows the buy-in generally uses slippers))
Max is just fine. I didn’t even bother with cleaning, I threw it away. (I’ll definitely try.
Yes, saving at times) Thank you!
you can put diesel fuel on a circle, dissolve the resin)
The sole of an old slipper helps me. It works great!
Maxim, take branded slippers so that the sole with nat. rubber. &# 128578;
Give it a try! Your opinion will be interesting. After all, slipper. a slipper discord &# 128578;
Yes, I’ve heard about slippers more than once)
You can clean using an ordinary cellophane bag. Crumple a few pieces tightly into a ball or cylinder. And also clean the knife. paper.
I talked about this in the video)
advertising type by chance. no to say so and so here is the firm)))
When advertising. I say) What’s scary.
Why clean the sandpaper? It erases faster than clogs. and at a price of 10-20 rubles, it’s not possible to throw out JAL-KO at all.
Clean it faster than replace it, especially on the machine. Some sandpaper walks for six months.
I didn’t know that you can clean like that, well I didn’t throw out the circles and they are scattered around the garage, I need to collect and try to clean &# 128578; thumbs up! and thanks!
Another way to clean sandpaper was demonstrated by the Voxa 54.
Saw. He just took off in addition.
Useful, did not know, now I know and thank you!
Well, Mikhail has already unsubscribed, about his video, where in my opinion he even tried the old sneaker)) I wrote to him there that you can use old hoses, rubber ones, especially those inside with a rope, it also cleans quite efficiently, even tar (not completely clear), but one where it’s just dust in fact, I sometimes drive away with a piece of fiberboard, rough side, even here the workpiece that is sanded (for example, on the same round plank), on the one hand it turns out like a pile, and even this with a pile, you can still clean off the ingrained dust))
Maxim Kozlov Well, I haven’t tried it)) I’ll have to do it somehow) Here are the usual watering hoses, engine water cooling pipes, I’ve tried it now))
I heard about hard rubber a la from the engine mountings. it also steers))
Class! The bar cleaning d / abrasive at us costs 445 rubles. But the essence of his work is the same as. The video shows a quite working way. We just wrote about this in the comments. And here is a visual demonstration.
maga like for such a life hack &# 128578; thanks a lot!
you have very high quality and interesting videos, thanks
Truly a working life hack! Especially for lshm
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Paint is one of the most optimal types of finish coatings for wood. However, this material has a certain period of operation and after this time it begins to fade and even peel off. Therefore, before doing restoration or repair, you need to figure out how to clean the tree of old paint with minimal physical cost.
Amateur photo, the process of removing coatings from a wooden surface when using a building hair dryer
This process is quite tedious and requires perseverance. However, it is thanks to him that it is possible to restore doors or windows, greatly saving on the acquisition of new materials. Therefore, to understand how to clean the wooden surface from old paint, you should consider all the stages of such work from the very beginning to the readiness for a new coating.
It is quite difficult to remove the coating mechanically without additional measures, and this process can take a lot of time and effort
First of all, before cleaning the wooden surface from paint, you must remove all additional elements from it:
- If it comes to windows, they are dismantled and even the windows are removed. On the doors, handles and a locking mechanism are simply dismantled.
Using a blowtorch will greatly facilitate the whole process of work, but such work should only be done outdoors and when using personal protective equipment
- In some cases, it makes sense to remove the loop. The fact is that after the old paint is cleaned from the wood on the material, it is worth repairing all the damage, including the holes for the fasteners. After installation on a new one, this unit will gain additional strength.
- It is best to use high temperatures for this work. At the same time, guidelines describing how to clean a wooden house from paint are strongly recommended to use a blowtorch, which anneal the surface, and then, using a sharp spatula or a knife for scraping, clean the coating.
Usually a construction hair dryer is sold in the simplest configuration, but you can always buy a lot of different nozzles for it, which can simplify the work, allowing you to concentrate the hot stream on a small area
- It is worth noting that such processes are best done in the open air, since the fire will greatly smoke. Given this, many masters, answering the question of how to clean a wooden house from old paint, recommend using a building hair dryer. It copes well with small areas, but also requires a significant investment of time.
When removing paint, it is best to immediately remove the old putty, if any.
However, it is worth remembering that it will have to be applied again, which means that you should not remove the putty from deep cracks or chips.
It is enough to remove only that which itself is behind the surface.
The use of small hand tools makes it possible to carry out processing without disassembling and allows you to access small parts and structural elements that are located in an uncomfortable position
At this stage of the work, a guide explaining how to clean old windows of wooden windows recommends using sandpaper. With its help, the remains of the coating are removed and at the same time make the surface smooth, removing villi. Given this, many craftsmen additionally use a block on which sandpaper is mounted so that grinding is carried out evenly without changing the plane of the material.
Even a conventional drill using a special nozzle can serve as a grinder capable of processing large planes
Most of the manuals that describe how to clean wood from paint claim that this work is best done using a special wood tool in the form of grinding machines. However, such aggregates do an excellent job only with large and even areas, and small elements will have to be processed manually.
For this stage of work, sandpaper with a large fraction of abrasive is suitable.
Finishing finishing of the structure is carried out after puttying.
Видео: Sandpaper Does Not Hold On The Sander
Some hand tool tips are just perfect for certain types of work, especially when it comes to large areas and minor design features
At the final stage, the restoration instruction recommends priming the tree before painting.
So you can remove dust from the surface and increase its adhesion level.
A good example of how, when using ordinary putty, you can fix the corner of the frame, bringing it almost to perfect condition
- After that, putty is applied to the wood in places where bumps, chips, cracks or other deformation appear. At the same time, some masters completely cover the entire product with it, which immediately affects such a parameter as price. This is done if you want to get a certain effect or create a glossy surface.
After the puttying process, no damage should remain on the surface, since they are leveling, leaving a perfectly smooth area
- After puttying, the structure is again ground using finely abrasive sandpaper. At the same time, the quality of the surface is often checked with your own hands so that drops, knolls or other irregularities are not felt to the touch. Then the product is covered with another layer of primer and stained.
Usually under the paint is quite old and unsightly wood.
However, if you perform high-quality grinding and choose the right putty, then even colorless varnish can be used for subsequent coating.
It is necessary to select such material very carefully so that it meets the technical conditions of use and preferably has the same color with the material
After watching the video in this article, you can learn more about how such work is done, and see their subtleties. over, based on the text set out above, it is worth concluding that this process can be divided into several stages, which require perseverance, patience and increased attention from the performer. However, with a little practice, even a beginner will cope with it.
Sandpaper is the material that is almost always indicated in any of our decoupage workshops. It would seem that you can write about it, because everything is extremely simple. sandpaper or sandpaper is used to grout surface irregularities and roughnesses in order to give it perfect (well, or close to ideal!) Smoothness.
But people who are recently engaged in creativity, there are many different questions about the materials and their proper use. Therefore, today we will talk about sandpaper, its types of graininess, and how to properly sand different surfaces.
"Emery" varies in grain and the base on which the abrasive is applied.
Paper base. the most common and cheapest option. It easily breaks into pieces of different sizes, can be very fine-grained, which is ideal for final grinding. However, this option can be considered one-time: tore off a piece, sanded, thrown away. Very clogged and worn out.
Fabric basis. much more wear-resistant material. Most often it is impregnated with special resins, which adds moisture-repellent properties to it. After a single use, it can be washed with water, dried and used again. It is more plastic, it can be bent and skinned for hard-to-reach places, for example, cuts in carved caskets or boards.
There is also tocombined basis (paper fabric). the most expensive "sandpaper". From the fabric she took elasticity and water-repellent properties, and from paper. the possibility of applying the smallest abrasive.
There are also useful materials such as:
grinding blocks. very convenient for grinding large flat surfaces. It can be washed and reused.
abrasive (grinding) sponges. ideal for grinding complex, voluminous, sphere-shaped, embossed surfaces.
There are various grading standards for sandpaper. Much depends on the country and year of production. In the international classification for abrasive materials, the following designation is used: the letter P (indicates that it is a material on a flexible basis. For materials not on a flexible basis, the letter F is used) and a number that indicates graininess.
From small numbers to large, graininess decreases.
P40. P60. It is used for primary rough processing of wood. Such paper should be used if there are any knots or chips on the surface, strong irregularities.
P70. P120. The main work on cleaning surfaces. Removing old paint or varnish.
P150. P180. Final surface treatment before applying decor, primer, paint.
P220. P360. Great for intermediate sanding steps. For example, interlayer sanding during varnishing, for sanding the paint layer.
"Emery" with numbers from 400 It is used to a greater extent for polishing surfaces, if necessary.
Types of sandpaper with grain size from 1000 They are mainly used only in the professional activities of car repair shops, carpentry shops, furniture shops, etc.
I would also like to talk about such a convenient thing as an emery paper holder. In cases where you have to grind large and even surfaces, you just can not do without it!
The holder (or grater) for sandpaper is a solid block of plastic with clips that secure the sandpaper.
In the correct process of sanding, it is important to remember the main thing:
you need to start with coarse-grained sandpaper, and finish with fine-grained;
After sanding, be sure to brush off the dust or wipe the product with a damp cloth.
To pick up sandpaper for sanding wooden the surface that you plan to prepare for work and make it even for applying the subsequent decor, you need to evaluate the quality of the workpiece with which you will work. Sometimes it happens that a wooden blank is initially very good and smooth, then the sanding process can either be skipped or a little fine sandpaper can be walked over, more for decency than if necessary &# 128578;
If the wood is bad, with bumps, chips, scratches or knots, we adhere to the above rule: first, smooth the surface with coarse sandpaper (P70. P120), then go on to fine (P150. P220). Sometimes very strong scratches appear from coarse-grained paper, and many beginners are afraid of this, but don’t worry. subsequent sanding with small paper will remove them.
Sometimes when you have to work with smooth and sliding surfaces (for example, decoupage on metal or plastic), for better adhesion of materials, it is recommended to lightly walk fine-grained paper on the surface. But here the situation is different, it is important not to give smoothness, but rather add scratches so that further layers of soil and paint are better caught on a slippery surface.
2. Interlayer sanding of soil and paint.
Interlayer sanding of the surface, in principle, is not necessary, but many do it, since it allows you to keep the product smooth and even throughout the entire process, remove traces from the brush or sponge.
For interlayer sanding of soil or paint, P220. P360 paper is suitable. In interlayer sanding, it is very important that all previous layers are thoroughly dried (otherwise, “sandpaper” will easily lead to wet paint, or tear the decoupage napkin. If you use a hairdryer to dry materials, It is important to allow the product to cool completely after heating!
Please note that sandpaper from some manufacturers may paint the product in the color of its base!
3. The final interlayer sanding in the process of varnishing.
This is the most crucial step. As a large skin, it is best to use P360. P400 paper. Such granularity is best to remove the varnish swims and give the surface the final evenness.
In the role of fine-grained we use paper P400. P800. Do not be afraid of the whitish coating that appears after sanding. the next layer of varnish, which will lie on the cracked surface, will remove it.
The final layer of topcoat is no longer necessary to be sanded. But it can be polished with felt or felt circle.
Other related materials: Decoupage
The furniture restoration procedure is not easy, but doable! In order for this process to be successful, it is necessary to correctly remove the old topcoat, expose the wooden surface and only after that apply a special tool to update it. Before you remove the varnish from the furniture, you need to be patient and be prepared to conduct several phased steps.
In order to clean the old furniture cover, prepare the following inventory:
- chemical special flushing;
- protective mask, respirator;
- grinding skin;
- putty knife;
- hard metal brush;
- building hair dryer;
- polyethylene film.
The procedure for removing the old varnish must be done very carefully so as not to damage the tree itself, otherwise. spoil the whole process.
Once you have decided on this work, decide how to remove the varnish from the tree, what method you will use. There are several cleaning technologies:
Before removing varnish from wood using this method, wear a cotton suit, face shield, rubber gloves, and glasses.
Before applying the wash, prepare it as follows:
- Take dry powder.
- Add the required amount of water specified in the instructions.
- Stir the ingredients until a uniform, thick paste is obtained.
Important! The resulting thick gel paste is able to hold even on a vertical surface.
Put the resulting paste-like mixture on the furniture as follows:
- Take a brush.
- Dip it in the paste.
- Apply a generous layer on the surface of the furniture.
Important! Move in the same direction with the brush and avoid applying the wash again to the treated area.
This step will enhance the action of the wash:
- Take the plastic wrap.
- Cover it with the surface that was washed.
- Leave the film from 40 minutes to 4 hours. depends on the quality and thickness of the varnish coat.
- Remove the film.
Important! It is necessary to remove the film when the color of the applied wash becomes brown or dark brown, and the varnish coating swells.
Follow these steps in order to easily cope with the task of how to remove varnish from furniture:
- Take a putty knife.
- Brush off very carefully peeled particles.
- Take sandpaper.
- Walk it on the surface of the furniture and remove the remaining varnish in this way.
Important! Use a spatula only with non-sharp edges, if it is new, then sharpen its edges with a grindstone, otherwise you could damage the wood of the furniture you are cleaning. An excellent choice would be a plastic, not very hard, tool.
Remove residual wash as follows:
- Take 0.5 liters of water.
- Add 100 ml of vinegar to it.
- Dampen the sponge in the resulting solution.
- Wash the surface with it.
- Wipe off with a flannel rag.
- Put the cleaned furniture to dry in the open air or in a draft, but do not allow direct sunlight to reach the surface.
Important! During this step, try to act quickly so as not to expose the tree to prolonged exposure to moisture.
In this case, you can act not in one but in several ways. Read the instructions and decide which option will be more convenient for you.
In the event that the varnish coating exfoliates in pieces, do this:
- Take coarse sandpaper or a metal brush.
- Clean the surface in a circular motion.
- Take a spatula, a screwdriver.
- Remove with their help varnish in hard-to-reach places.
Remove old varnish from furniture with an eccentric sander and rough sandpaper. For this:
- Wear a face shield and goggles.
- Take sandpaper from grit 80-120, feed into the machine.
- Treat the entire surface with a tool.
- Change sandpaper to 180 grit.
- Walk the tool on wooden furniture.
- Make sure there is no residue of varnish.
Important! Use these options in the case when, after cleaning the cover, you will paint or enamel on the furniture, as they are rather rough and there is a high probability of damage to the wood.
Remove old varnish as follows:
- Take a sponge.
- Moisten it with plenty of water.
- Wipe off the coating you will remove.
- Walk over the wetted surface with coarse sandpaper.
- Repeat these steps until the varnish turns into a slurry.
- Wash and dry the surface well.
- Walk on it with fine sanding paper.
To apply this technology, you need a blowtorch or a building hair dryer. The main advantage of this method is the speed and quality of cleaning. But this is only on condition that you act correctly.
- Heat a small area of the surface from which you will remove the varnish with a blowtorch or a building hairdryer.
- Take a spatula or a sharp knife.
- Remove the softened layer of varnish.
- Act quickly until the varnish cools down.
- Continue to the next section.
Important! When using this method, proceed with caution, observe the firing distance and temperature conditions to avoid blackening of the wood, otherwise you will ruin it. If smoke appears on the coating and bubbles appear, stop immediately.
We hope that our article was useful to you and you were not in a hurry to get rid of your old furniture, but, on the contrary, returned her well-groomed appearance. But remember that your furniture will serve you as far as possible, do not forget to care for it properly.
Sandpaper is widely used for roughing and finishing of wooden, metal and other surfaces. Before you buy sanding paper, you need to understand its technical characteristics, the main ones of which are the base material, grain size, type of abrasive.
Emery paper, or the so-called sandpaper, is a kind of tool made in the form of a paper or fabric cloth, on which an abrasive compound is applied using a special adhesive mixture. Emery paper, similar in principle to a cutting device, is designed to finish and rough parts and sharpen tools. On the surface of the paper there are many sharp edges that work well on wood, metals and alloys, stone, plastic.
Among the main technical characteristics of sanding stones, such as base material, grain type and grain size index are distinguished. It is worth noting that the basis of sandpaper can be not only paper or fabric. Fiber and polyester are also used as the base material.
Sandpaper can have both open and closed structure. To process fibrous materials such as wood or plastic, paper with an open structure is usually taken, where abrasive grains cover about 60% of the area. A sandpaper with a closed structure, where 100% of the area is covered with grains, is used for high-quality and accurate grinding of metal surfaces.
Flexible and durable sandpaper with a fabric base suitable for dry sanding, cleaning from paint and rust. Sanding pad, the basis of which is made of waterproof paper, can be used in cases where lubricating coolants are used.
The main parameter of sandpaper is grain size, which means the number of abrasive particles placed on a square centimeter of sandpaper. Coarse sandpaper has a low grain size. The more grains per unit area, the smoother the sandpaper.
A sandpaper with a grain size ranging from P12 to P60 is suitable for roughing and initial peeling of the surface.
P80-P120 grit paper can be used for medium sanding when it is necessary to smooth the surface, removing noticeable imperfections.
Emery paper, the grain of which falls within the boundaries from P150 to P180, is quite thin. Suitable for final grinding at the final stages of wood processing.
The sandpaper with a grain size of P220-P240 is very thin, it is used to sand products before they are coated with a primer and paint.
Very fine sanding paper with a grit of P280-P320 is usually used to remove fine dust particles and marks.
Today, the thinnest paper with a grain size of P360-P600 is considered. This sandpaper is used to remove gloss, stains and small scratches on the finished surface.
There are four main types of abrasives:
- Alumina is brittle. Paper with this type of abrasive is more commonly used for wood processing. Under the influence of heat and pressure, the abrasive begins to break, so that new sharp edges appear, so this sandpaper can last longer.
- Pomegranate is a natural abrasive suitable for polishing wood. Sandpaper with pomegranate is relatively soft, so it is used for final grinding and polishing of wood, sealing its structure. Thus, pigment paints evenly penetrate the wood.
- Silicon carbide stands out for its strength. Paper with this type of abrasive is used for grinding metals, paints, fiberglass, plastic.
- Ceramic abrasive, often presented in the form of sanding belts, is considered the hardest, therefore it is usually available in coarse grades of sandpaper, designed to form and level the wood.
During surface treatment with sandpaper, you must adhere to one important rule: work begins with the use of the coarsest sandpaper with a gradual transition to paper with a larger grain size. Coarse grain is taken for rough grinding of wood, removing rust and obsolete paint from metal surfaces. Fine grain is used at the stages of fine grinding, polishing of painted surfaces, grinding of metals. For plastic, paper is best suited where silicon carbide is applied as an abrasive.
With wet sanding, the surface is smoother, dust can be avoided. To do this, there is a special waterproof paper.
When restoring furniture, there is often a need to remove varnish from a wooden surface. To call a professional master for many people is an expensive pleasure. And why, if most of the necessary tools and materials are in the house, it remains only to apply them correctly. In our article, we will look at how to remove varnish from a tree using the most popular methods, without making serious mistakes.
Removing varnish from furniture is often done using chemicals. They are a complex of specialized substances and are called washes, can be in a liquid, powder and gel state. Their task is to destroy the outer layer of the paintwork quickly, efficiently and without much effort. The choice of a suitable wash largely depends on the type of varnish. So, it is better to remove oil varnish and paint with white spirit or turpentine, bakelite and alcohol varnish with ethyl alcohol, and gasoline is also suitable for other categories. There are a lot of specialized washes.
Using a special wash
Among them, there is a tool for removing varnish from a tree Docker S5 Lack. The advantage of this household chemical product is that it has no smell, so it can be used for working indoors. Despite this, when working with chemical solvents, it is necessary to ensure that all safety measures are followed. open the windows, wear a cotton suit, rubber gloves, a respirator and safety glasses.
The further process will consist of five main stages. The first is the preparation of a working solution. If you purchased a wash in liquid form or aerosol, you do not need to do anything, but the powder will need to be diluted with water in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. As a result, you should get a thick paste that will hold well even on a vertical surface, up to its removal. The second stage is the application of a wash. Take a paint brush, draw the right amount of paste and spread it over the entire surface with a thick layer. The third stage is fixing the polyethylene film. Prepare a regular film and cover it with the wash area. This will help enhance the effect of the solvent. We leave the film until the wash is removed, when it becomes dark brown, and the paintwork itself swells.
The fourth step is to remove the wash and varnish. After the time specified by the manufacturer, the paintwork should completely peel off and it can be easily removed with a spatula, after which you need to walk several times with sandpaper on the surface. When working with a spatula, we recommend using a tool with sharp edges, so as not to damage the wood. When using a new tool, its blade must be slightly treated with a grindstone. As an alternative, you can take a plastic squeegee.
The final stage is the elimination of remnants of the wash. To complete the process and move on to the next stage of restoration, prepare a cleanser by dissolving 100-150 ml of table flavor in half a liter of water. Dip a foam sponge into the mixture and go over it on the entire wooden surface, then remove excess moisture with a dry cloth and leave the furniture to dry. Instead of vinegar solution, you can also use alcohol, it will well remove adhered residues of varnish and washings.
Sanding wood with sandpaper takes a lot of work. It will be easier for you to work if you understand why and how to do it. Before the invention of mechanical tools for grinding wood in the middle of the XIX century. almost no need to process the tree with sandpaper. In fact, sandpaper was born only after the advent of mechanical tools. The wood was processed exclusively by hand, and such processing gave a completely smooth surface.
It is mechanical tools for wood processing, which greatly facilitate carpentry, that make us spend so much labor on grinding wood products before final finishing. Mechanical tools, regardless of their sharpness and accuracy of adjustment, leave traces on the tree that are clearly visible under the finish film. To remove these traces, it takes a lot of time and effort to sand the wood. This is the price you have to pay for using cars.
The purpose of sanding wood is to remove defects as quickly and efficiently as possible without leaving deep scratches on the wood. In practice, this usually means that you start sanding with 80 or 100 grit sandpaper. However, there are times when it is better to use coarser paper or start sanding with paper with a grain size of 120 or 150 units. To prepare the tree for painting, writes Infobud, sandpaper with a grain size of 100 units is suitable. Always sand wood along the fibers, regardless of the grain size of the sandpaper used. Sanding across the fibers or diagonally can damage the wood so much that you need a lot of effort to smooth out the defects.
Any power tools leave traces on the tree that should be removed with sandpaper. The waviness shown in the illustration is due to a planer or jointer.
Whatever sandpaper you start sanding the wood, at each next step you will need to remove the scratches formed in the previous step, and this should be done until at the final stage you do not use paper with a grain size of 180 units. There may be situations when you stop on sandpaper with a grain size of 150 units, or it may happen that you decide to continue grinding the wood, ending it with paper with a grain size of 220 units. Until you have gained enough experience, use 180 grit paper at the last stage of sanding wood.
Theoretically, it would be best to sand the tree sequentially with all sorts of sandpaper, up to sandpaper with a grain size of 180 units, but most masters “skip” through the grades. In other words, most masters believe that they get quite good results if sanding wood in this order:
However, decisions of this kind are purely individual, since each one when grinding wood presses sandpaper differently and determines when it is worth changing the paper that has worn during operation.
It is not so easy to see what you have achieved as a result of grinding. The secret is that you need to look at the treated surface at an oblique angle, while light should fall perpendicular to the surface to be treated. Then, in reflected light, you can see sandals that have not yet been sanded or scratched by sandpaper. If you are grinding a flat surface by hand, always use a bar on the working side of which between the sandpaper and the tree there is a pad made of soft cork, rubber or felt.
To see how cleanly the tree is polished and there are no waves and scratches on it, look at it at an oblique angle.
A cork lining for sandpaper can be made by gluing a cork layer 3-4 mm thick to a softwood block about 7 × 8 cm in size. The upper edges of the bar must be rounded.
Belt grinding machines for wood are more expensive and very effective in removing a significant layer of wood. But tape machines are difficult to manage. It is very difficult to grind wood with a tape machine and not to make excavations. It is even more risky to use a tape machine to process plywood: most likely, in some places the top layer of veneer will simply disappear.
The most efficient type of hand-held machine for grinding wood is eccentric. These grinders are relatively expensive. The eccentric wood grinding machine has high productivity, and the risk of notching is low. Most often, recesses form when a machine that is already on is placed on the wood. It is better, Infobud writes, first to put the machine on a wooden surface to be treated and only then turn it on. Regardless of which grinding machine you used, at the final stage, manually grind the tree with fine sandpaper (usually with a grain size of 180 units). Both disc and eccentric grinders leave wavy marks on the wood, which often appear after treatment with stain or varnish. Light hand sanding will remove these marks.
The three most common types of hand sanders (from left to right) are a disk machine, a tape machine and an eccentric machine.
There are usually four types of sandpaper on sale: two types are for primary grinding of wood, and two for grinding and final finishing of wood.
All four types of sandpaper are indicated by the degree of granularity, which varies from 36 to 2000 units. Granularity is determined by the number of cells in 1 square. An inch full, through which the abrasive material is sieved. The finer the cell, the larger the number indicating graininess and the smoother the sandpaper. The best varieties of sanding paper for sanding wood are made from abrasive materials based on garnet and aluminum oxide.
Pomegranate sandpaper is usually orange. The grains of the abrasive crack at sharp angles, and the pomegranate paper remains operational until it is completely worn out. Pomegranate sandpaper is the cheapest among all four types and the most popular for manual work. Its granularity varies from 36 to 280 units.
Alumina sandpaper is usually tan. This abrasive is stronger than pomegranate, but when cracked it gives less sharp edges. Alumina sandpaper is more expensive than pomegranate, but it lasts longer. Therefore, such paper is almost always used for sanding belts and discs, the manufacture of which is expensive. The grain size of sandpaper based on alumina varies in the range from 36 to 280 units.
The best sandpaper for the final grinding of wood is made on the basis of silicon carbide abrasives. There are two types of sandpaper:
1. In black silicon-carbide paper, the abrasive is glued to the paper base with waterproof glue. This paper can be used with or without aqueous emulsion and oily lubricants. You should almost always use such sandpaper with some kind of lubricant. Otherwise, it will soon clog, which will make grinding a very expensive procedure. The maximum grain size is 2000 units.
2. Gray silicon carbide sandpaper contains a soap-like lubricant that facilitates final sanding without the use of additional grease. This lubricant is zinc stearate, the same substance that is added to most primers. Maximum grain size 400 units.
Black silicon carbide sandpaper is best used with water or oil lubrication to sand wooden surfaces after coating in several layers, when there is confidence that you will not rub the coating through. It is best to sand the first and second coat of wood with gray silicon carbide paper. Even if you wipe the coating in several places, the damage will not be too significant.
When gluing edges, whether it is joining solid wood with solid wood or solid wood with plywood, the glue that emerges serves as a good sign; this means that you have applied enough glue and pressed the parts together tightly enough. However, the excess glue must be removed, and then sand the wood with sandpaper in the places where they protruded. There are two ways to remove glue from a tree: immediately wipe it with a damp cloth or let it freeze to the point where you can pry it with a spatula or a blunt chisel. In both cases, you will have to sandpaper these places to remove any glue residue that has soaked into the wood. If the glue hardens before you can remove it, you will have to scrape it off. This can damage the wood. Therefore, it is best to remove the glue before it has hardened.
It is more difficult to deal with glue protruding at the corners of perpendicular joints of wood (for example, between vertical and horizontal frame elements), because these places are difficult to process with sandpaper. It is not easy to grind perpendicular joints without touching the transverse fibers on one of the parts. Therefore, it is best to avoid glue protrusions at all. In other words, do not apply glue more than is necessary for a strong bond.
If the glue is still squeezed out of the joints in which the wood fibers run perpendicular to each other, and you will notice this before the glue hardens, wash it off with water. Then you have to sand the wood to remove the wood pile that has risen under the influence of water. This can be done in two ways, leaving no scratches across the fibers. First process the shorter part, while slightly touching the transverse part, then grind the transverse part to remove scratches that appear on it.
Another way is to cover the part with protective tape while you are grinding the joint part perpendicular to it. If the protruding glue dries before you find it, there are two ways to remove it from the wood:
White and yellow glue can be dissolved with water. Hot water or water with the addition of acid (such as vinegar) is more effective. Water, however, raises the fibers of the wood, and the spot where it was stained will absorb more water and darken. To get rid of the darkening, you will have to re-treat this area with sandpaper, removing the wood layer damaged by water, after the tree dries. Toluene and xylene can also be used to remove hardened white and yellow glue. These organic solvents soften the glue to such an extent that it can be removed with a hard rag or a brush with soft bristles, while the wood fibers do not rise.
Sanding wood with a flat file
You can also scrape off the surface layer of wood damaged by glue with coarse sandpaper. Then this area should be treated with sandpaper of the same grain that was previously used to process the entire part so that the stain is absorbed into the tree evenly. If you have already treated the wood with wood stain, and then noticed the glue sticking out, the procedures remain the same. The glue should either be dissolved or removed mechanically.
There may be some problem that the stain serves as a lubricant for sandpaper, so that sanding wood becomes less effective. And when you re-apply the stain on the treated area, it may turn out to be lighter. If this happens, cover the entire part with a stain (timber, leg, etc.), and then, while the part is still wet, treat it with sandpaper with the same grit (or one less number) that you used to process other parts.
Wipe off excess stain with a rag. If you still could not achieve uniform coloring, apply a paint remover to the entire product and remove as much pigment as you can (the paint remover also removes white and yellow glue). There is no need to remove all pigmentation from the wood. Then treat the entire surface with the same sandpaper that you used in the final step, and recoat it with a stain. Now the stain should lie evenly, if only the cause of the spotting was not in the wood itself.
Work with a file
Speaking of manual processing of wood, it is impossible not to say about rasps and files. These ancient tools remain relevant even now, in the era of technological progress. Files are mainly used for metal processing, however, such large files as a rasp and a drach file are created exclusively for woodwork. The file movements during wood processing should be made in one direction, since during movements in both directions material scoring may occur.
In particular, this applies to working with multilayer materials, such as plywood or veneered products. Do not try to put the maximum amount of effort when working with the file. Make rhythmic and light movements. Files designed for metal work quickly become clogged and lose most of their abrasive properties. In order to prevent this, we recommend that while working on wood, periodically clean the working surface of the file with a metal brush (Fig. 4).
This will make your work easier and faster. To facilitate sufficiently monotonous and hard work on grinding wood products, there are several electromechanical devices.