The Better To Cut Plywood At Home

How and what to cut plywood without chips
Anyone who is going to create a piece of furniture from a plywood sheet, for example, a stool, a carved box, a wardrobe or a rocking chair, wonders what is needed

Which material should you choose?

Tips for choosing a material:

  1. To create decorative elements, a plywood sheet with a thickness of about four millimeters is suitable.
  2. In order to decorate interior items with a carved panel, a plywood sheet with a thickness of eight millimeters or more is suitable.
  3. A six millimeter thick sheet is suitable for the manufacture of frame interior items. But if they are going to make frameless furniture, then they choose a sheet whose thickness is at least fifteen millimeters. It is quite possible to connect pieces of plywood end-to-end, without corners, but in this case it is necessary to make holes in the end part. For additional strength, you can apply sealant to the ends.
  4. Plywood sheets, which are more than ten centimeters thick, are mainly used as flooring on concrete screeds. In this case, a layer of waterproofing is placed between the concrete base and the plywood. How to cut 10 mm plywood? An electric jigsaw is the best choice for cutting plywood at this thickness. However, if you need to cut along a straight mowing line, you can do with a saw.

How to choose a plywood sheet sawing tool?

To answer the question of how to cut plywood without chips, you need to find out which tool and in what cases is more appropriate to use.

The choice of cutting tool depends on the complexity of the pattern, more precisely on the bend radius that needs to be cut.

If the bending radius is no more than one centimeter, then a hand jigsaw is used. If the width of the material is about a millimeter, then many complex shapes can be created.

If the bending radius is more than three centimeters, then an electric jigsaw is used. What file to cut plywood with? First of all, it should be noted that the radius depends on the width of the material, therefore, the smaller the saw teeth, the more intact the veneer layer will be. For this reason, in order to cut out complex shapes, a metal cloth is used.

The sketch should be applied to the back of the plywood. This will help prevent chips from lifting (if they do, it will only rise from the back side).

If you want to cut in a straight line with the mowing line, then a circular saw is most appropriate. With the help of such a tool, you can achieve an even and clean cut.

Sawing tips

How to cut plywood correctly to avoid chipping at the edges? To avoid such problems when working, you should take into account some of the nuances:

  1. How to cut plywood with a jigsaw / saw to make it easier to work with? Several clamps will help the beginner master in such a matter. Thanks to them, cutting will be much easier. It is much more convenient to control the material and tool when the sheet is securely pressed against the table. Due to the reliable fixation of the plywood, damage to the table itself can be avoided.
  2. Drawings of any product can be found on the Internet.
  3. The drawing from the sheet to the plywood can be transferred by copying.
  4. How to cut plywood with a jigsaw to avoid chipping? When working with a hand-held jigsaw, always make sure that it moves perpendicular to the pile.

Correct position of the jigsaw in relation to the workpiece

Tips for working with a hand and electric jigsaw:

  1. When working with an electric jigsaw, observe the tilt angle of the platform. Most often it can be customized.
  2. In the process of cutting out simple shapes, you should monitor the position of the blade. The cut should take place from the front of the figure contour.
  3. If the cut is made in a straight line with the mowing line, then you should be guided by the pointer (on the platform). If there is no pointer, the outline should be drawn with a pencil.
  4. To cut a complex hole with an electric jigsaw, you need to make a hole in any part of its contour. The drill diameter should be larger than the blade width.

Piercing the hole for the entrance of the jigsaw file with a special awl

  • If you are going to make a hole with a hand jigsaw, then the part should be pierced with an awl. Then you should thread the canvas through it. After that, the part is again fixed in the frame.
  • If an electric jigsaw is used, then the tool is turned in the process of work, and not a sheet of plywood (if you need to turn according to the picture). When working with a hand jigsaw, turn the plywood.
  • If you need to cut out a figure and a plywood sheet with cutouts, then cut out the cutouts first (turning the sheet is much easier than a small part).
  • During work, care should be taken that the material does not overheat. When the edge becomes hot, you must pause for a while to allow the file to cool down. Otherwise, the teeth will lose their sharpening.
  • The canvas should be well taut. Otherwise, the file will break.
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How and what to cut plywood and chipboard without chips: straight and curly cut

It is believed that a high-quality cut of wood or sheet materials cannot be performed without a professional tool. Today we will talk about ways to make a clean, even cut without chips, on our own and without using expensive equipment and consumables.

  • Cutting tools and mechanics of their work
  • Choice of saw blades and blades
  • Zero-clearance technique
  • Using adhesive tapes
  • Ensuring a perfectly clean cut

the better to cut plywood at home

Cutting tools and mechanics of their work

Apart from stationary sawing machines, there are not many alternatives for manual work. Of the available tools, you can offer circular and pendulum saws, in the common people referred to as crosscutters and jigsaws. It is also possible to perform a sufficiently high-quality cut using an angle grinder, on which a saw blade for wood with victorious teeth is installed. But this is not the most effective and, moreover, far from safe option.

In the process of cutting with any type of power tool, the working bodies move at a very high speed, and therefore the machining mechanics remain, as it were, behind the scenes. However, understanding it is the key to getting a clean, chip-free edge. The simplest principle is the basis for the work of pendulum saws. The cut is carried out with the direct movement of the saw blade, while the size of the removed fragments completely depends on the size of the tooth and its setting.

Chips appear due to the heterogeneity of the processed material, in particular due to the hard crust of laminated sheet materials or due to the fact that the fibers of solid wood have different densities. Chips can form on different sides of the product, depending on the shape of the tooth, feed force and speed of the tool. When working with a jigsaw, the appearance of chips is due either to the fact that the teeth pull out large fragments from the seamy side, or due to the pushing of the upper layer, in which it is not cut off, but breaks out in large fragments.

The work of the teeth of a circular disc is in many ways similar to a jigsaw, with the only exception that their movement is directed strictly in one direction, and they move at a very high speed. Also a significant factor is the direction (angle) of the applied force: if the jigsaw saw moves strictly perpendicular to the surface, then the circular cuts at an arbitrary angle, depending on both the diameter of the disc and the thickness of the part. This can play into the hands: oblique immersion of the tooth contributes to a more accurate cutting of chips, but on the back side, due to the tangential movement of the cutting edges, large fragments can be pulled out. Of course, a circular saw will only be able to make a straight cut.

Choice of saw blades and blades

When cutting, cleanliness and processing speed are inversely related. It is worth noting that chips on the cut will appear in any case, so the main task is to reduce their size to such a value where they can be easily eliminated by subsequent processing. The smaller the size of the tooth and the closer to the right angle at which the cutting edge touches the surface of the material, the smaller the size of the chips will be. These are two of the three most important factors for choosing a circular saw blade.

The third can be called the setting value. The offset of adjacent teeth, which is quite simple to determine by attaching a ruler to them. To ensure a clean cut, the wiring should be minimal, but do not forget that in this case, when you try to cut a thick board or a sheet of plywood, the disc can be trivially clamped or the end will burn from strong friction.

Jigsaw saw blades are more varied. For chip-free cuts, a series of clean-cut saws are used, for example, BOSCH has a line of blades called CleanWood. Their main difference is their small size and the absence of a pronounced orientation of the teeth. They are usually in the shape of an isosceles triangle and cut in both directions of travel.

Also saws for a clean cut are distinguished by the almost complete absence of setting and the opposite direction of sharpening adjacent teeth. In order to ensure the possibility of a curly cut with small wiring, the files have a very small width, which makes them quite fragile.

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For finishing cutting of sheet materials, canvases designed for working with metal products can also be used. These saws have the smallest tooth size known, so the cut is slow, but with the highest quality. Due to the considerable width of the canvases for metal, a fine figured cut can be carried out only with a significant bending radius, on average about 60–80 cm.

Please also note that the bluntness of the teeth, which is typical for low-quality saws with a “run” of 3-5 meters, also leads to chipping. Therefore, do not skimp when purchasing consumables if the quality of processing is really important to you.

How to cut chipboard

How to cut chipboard without chips.

We recently bought a coffee table, the price is inexpensive, but there is a “but”. The height of the table for our interior is too big. It would be nice to reduce the height by 10 centimeters. As they say, we are not looking for easy ways, I decided that

I can do it myself.

I remembered that on our site there is an asoleg specialist who made a computer desk with his own hands, I, of course, are far from him, but some recommendations can help. I contacted him, explained the problem and he kindly shared his secret. With his permission, I publish his technology for cutting furniture chipboard without chips.

Everything turned out to be corny and simple. We mark the cutting line. Then, with a clerical knife, along a ruler, cut through the top layer of chipboard. Just run the knife several times with little effort along the mowing line of the cut. (I recommend practicing on the unnecessary part of the chipboard) If you press very hard, the decorative layer will begin to swell and turn out not very nice.

Further, retreating 1-2 millimeters from the intended mowing line towards the rough part, cut it with a jigsaw or a suitable file with teeth directed to the saw handle. We make a wash on the opposite side of the cut, so that there is no chipping at the end of the cut. And we saw through to the end. You need to cut carefully, slowly. Then, with a medium grain sandpaper, fixed on a bar, we clean the end of the part. If necessary, remove the millimeter that we retreated. My cut turned out to be almost perfect, after processing with sandpaper there were no scoring at all. The photo shows the difference between the left and right sides of the cut. Well, and, accordingly, if both parts of the chipboard are needed, we cut it with a knife on both sides of the cut. We measure the thickness of the cut of a jigsaw or file, add 2 millimeters. The result is the distance that should be between the cuts made with a clerical knife. Cut exactly between these lines. Then there will be no scuffs on the other side. Naturally you need to use a sharp tool, I use a tool sharpening machine.

Everything worked out great. On the finished table, my wife did not find the place where I cut.

Thanks for the assistance and help asoleg.

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If you love doing something with your own hands, read the article. Hair dryer construction, methods of application

How to cut chipboard

How to cut chipboard without chips.

We recently bought a coffee table, the price is inexpensive, but there is a “but”. The height of the table for our interior is too big. It would be nice to reduce the height by 10 centimeters. As they say, we are not looking for easy ways, I decided that

I can do it myself.

I remembered that on our site there is an asoleg specialist who made a computer desk with his own hands, I, of course, are far from him, but some recommendations can help. I contacted him, explained the problem and he kindly shared his secret. With his permission, I publish his technology for cutting furniture chipboard without chips.

Everything turned out to be corny and simple. We mark the cutting line. Then, with a clerical knife, along a ruler, cut through the top layer of chipboard. Just run the knife several times with little effort along the mowing line of the cut. (I recommend practicing on the unnecessary part of the chipboard) If you press very hard, the decorative layer will begin to swell and turn out not very nice.

Further, retreating 1-2 millimeters from the intended mowing line towards the rough part, cut it with a jigsaw or a suitable file with teeth directed to the saw handle. We make a wash on the opposite side of the cut, so that there is no chipping at the end of the cut. And we saw through to the end. You need to cut carefully, slowly. Then, with a medium grain sandpaper, fixed on a bar, we clean the end of the part. If necessary, remove the millimeter that we retreated. My cut turned out to be almost perfect, after processing with sandpaper there were no scoring at all. The photo shows the difference between the left and right sides of the cut. Well, and, accordingly, if both parts of the chipboard are needed, we cut it with a knife on both sides of the cut. We measure the thickness of the cut of a jigsaw or file, add 2 millimeters. The result is the distance that should be between the cuts made with a clerical knife. Cut exactly between these lines. Then there will be no scuffs on the other side. Naturally you need to use a sharp tool, I use a tool sharpening machine.

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Everything worked out great. On the finished table, my wife did not find the place where I cut.

Thanks for the assistance and help asoleg.

Tags: How to cut chipboard without chips, how to cut chipboard without chips.

This article is found by the words:

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  • How to cut chipboard without chips
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  • How to saw chipboard without chips with a jigsaw
  • How to cut wood chipboard without chips at home
  • How to cut wood chipboard without chips at home
  • How to cut a chipboard without chips
  • How to cut a chipboard without chips
  • How to cut the chipboard
  • How to cut chipboard without chips

If you love doing something with your own hands, read the article. Hair dryer construction, methods of application

Sawing with a circular saw

To effectively cut a sheet with a circular saw, you should follow these rules:

  1. Place the plywood sheet on a stable support and make the first notch closer to the middle of the sheet.
  2. Adjust the cut in depth. To do this, lower the disc and start cutting, while the immersion depth of the disc should be 0.5 cm greater than the thickness of the blade.
  3. Position yourself to the side of the line of action of the saw to avoid injury due to the high probability of kickback.
  4. Prepare the saw for making the required cut. To do this, attach the saw shoe (part of it in front) to the blade and install the blade on the cutting line, first bending the cover.
  5. Make sure there is no interference at the bottom of the sheet.
  6. Switch on the saw and slowly plunge its blade into the material. Hold the saw firmly to prevent kickback. After plunging into the slot of the disc and installing its shoe on the surface of the sheet, return the protective casing back.
  7. Guide the tool along the mowing line to the end of the blade.
  8. Switch off the saw and only after it has come to a complete stop, remove it from the slot.

Zero clearance

The principle of this technique is to keep the distance between the foot of the saw blade and the pressure plate as low as possible. This avoids breaking off the top layer of the plywood. This effect can be achieved by attaching a cover plate to the tool sole. The trim has a slot to retain the ability to cut along the intended mowing line. Thanks to this, the teeth are guaranteed to cut small chips and do not break the material.

It is important to exclude mechanical damage to the sheet surface overlay. The pad should be changed every 5 meters of cut. The use of pads made of more durable materials (metal, plastic or fiberglass) eliminates the need to frequently change pads, the surface of which must be pre-polished.

Hand saw

When cutting plywood with a hand saw, physical effort has to be made due to the high density of the material. This tool is used when it is necessary to cut a sheet of plywood into equal pieces.

A hand jigsaw is considered the best tool and allows you to decide in advance how to cut plywood without chips, saving yourself the need to purchase electrical tools. With its help, you can make a small number of elements of complex shapes. Having certain skills in working with a jigsaw, you can make a neat cut, however, due to the high labor costs and low productivity, this method cannot be called optimal.

If you don’t have electrical tools or a simple jigsaw at hand, then you should resort to using a simple hand saw. To cut the sheet conveniently and avoid chipping, the tool blade should have a large number of small and well-sharpened teeth. The angle of inclination of the saw to the plywood sheet must be sharp. It is recommended to avoid jerking and make steady movements with strong pressure.