tiller neva how to plow
Tiller plow adjustment
- 1. First, place the stands under the tiller, which should be specially prepared for this.
- We put the tiller‘s ground hooks on the stands, and put the same stand also under the tiller’s support leg so that it does not tilt towards the plow, that is, you need to balance the tiller standing on the stands with the plow.
- 2. The height of the stands for ground hooks is determined by the depth of plowing the soil you plan: if plowing before winter, then the height of the stands should be up to 20-25 cm, if you are going to plow in the spring, then the height of the stands is less. 10-20 cm.
- 3. After the tiller is balanced, use the adjusting bolts to tilt the plow body so that its heel is parallel to the ground.
- Photo 4 shows a properly adjusted plow with a heel parallel to the ground.
- 4. Next, remove the tiller from the stands, set the carrier so that the control handles are at the level of the belt. This position of the tiller carrier during operation does not load the hands and they do not get tired for a long time during operation. When all the plow adjustment operations have been completed, you can start plowing.
Before starting the main plowing of the soil with a tiller, perform a test plowing and assess whether the plow is correctly adjusted, what is the quality of the soil dumping and what is the depth of the furrow.
The ridge of the next furrow should lie close to the ridge of the previous furrow, that is, there should be no more than 10 cm distance between them (ridges). Also, the next furrow should not lie on the previous furrow with a bulk of soil. To do this, the right wheel of the tiller needs to go not along the base of the previous furrow, but in the middle of its blade (the previous furrow).
How to properly plow a plow on a tiller, recommendations
Tillers make manual work easier for many owners of personal plots and vegetable gardens. tiller, if properly operated, will become an irreplaceable assistant in your household. But not everyone knows how to properly plow with a plow on a tiller.
Rather, they do not know how to properly prepare a tiller and a plow for plowing and cultivating the land. And, after all, it is not so difficult. Explore our recommendations and you will succeed.
First of all, depending on the size of the cultivated area, you need to choose a suitable tiller and a plowing tool. All tillers are divided into three types:
- 1. Light tillers or motor cultivators with a weight usually not exceeding fifty kilograms. The power of the cultivator is from three to five horsepower. Designed for cultivating the land using a cultivator or cutter. The area of the cultivated area is up to six acres.
- 2. Medium Tillers with a capacity of up to twelve horsepower and weighing up to one hundred kilograms. Plots up to twenty acres are processed using a cultivator or a light plow.
- 3. Heavy tillers with a capacity of up to thirty horsepower and a cultivation area of up to two hectares, usually with a mounted plow.
Now that we have decided on the tiller, we will learn how to properly plow with the tiller. Small areas are best cultivated with a cultivator or cutter. The scope of delivery for light and medium tillers also includes cutters.
The technology of plowing the soil with their help is simple. It’s just that the tiller is placed on the edge of the section, an overdrive is turned on and, holding it, we go after him, turning 180 degrees at the opposite end of the section.
It is quite another matter to plow with a plow over a large area. Correct plow adjustment is very important here. Suppose it is done correctly.
Best Helper for Plowing / Handmade Motor-Cultivator
Then, at low speed, a control pass is made from one to the other edge of the section, on which we unfold the tiller and perform the reverse pass. At the same time, we put the tiller with the right wheel in the middle of the furrow that remained from the first pass. We closely observe the plow. Taking into account the tiller tilt, the plow should be perpendicular to the ground plane. If not, then adjust the plow again.
Then a second pass is made and the depth of the furrow is estimated. If the depth is too deep or too shallow, then adjust the plow. As a rule, when plowing with a plow, the depth of the furrows in should be within 15-20 centimeters.
As you become more plowed and your furrows are level, you can increase the speed of the tiller. Then the plow will roll off the soil more strongly, its surface will be even, without lumps, and the plowing itself will go faster. This is how they plow with tillers.
How to plow with a tiller with a plow video and description
Before we begin to figure out how to plow with a tiller with a plow, it is necessary to prepare the tiller itself for plowing the soil:
- 1. First, move (roll) the tiller to a level place on your site.
- 2. Prepare soil hooks and replacement axles.
- 3. Replace the wheels with tires on the tiller with wheels with soil lugs, which are installed on replaceable (extended) axles.
Instructions: how to plow with a tiller with a plow
Now that the tiller is ready to plow the soil, the ground hooks are in place, we proceed to installing the mounted plow on the tiller:
We fasten the plow with the coupling device, while the fastening nuts are not fully tightened so that you can subsequently adjust the plow.
We fasten the hitch to the plow and the tiller’s attachment earring using two pins.
That’s it, the plow is installed on the tiller and now you can proceed to adjusting it (photo).
Unlike preparing the tiller and installing the plow, the plow adjustment is a little more complicated and must be done with high quality, since if the plow is incorrectly adjusted, plowing the land will take you a lot of time and effort, and, unfortunately, the quality of plowing will leave much to be desired.
Tiller plowing video compilation
We have provided a video on how to properly plow with a tiller below. You will clearly see that the tiller copes well with plowing not only the already repeatedly cultivated soil, but also virgin lands.
Land cultivation process
After making sure that all working elements are securely fastened, you can start plowing. Despite the fact that most of the land cultivation will be carried out in second gear, it is also important to know how to plow with a tiller in first gear. For this, the clutch is smoothly squeezed out and the optimal position of the device is established. In this mode, work is carried out with the first furrow. Based on the results of “test” cultivation, one can draw conclusions about the need for adjustments.
If the unit stops moving forward, and the cutters are burrowing, then it is necessary to lift it by the handles and force it to a level position. Sideways deviations often occur. these are drifts, which usually take place on furrows that have already been cultivated. Hence, another question may arise. how to properly plow with a tiller so that the rotating knives do not go into the ground? This can only be helped by appropriate manipulation of the handles. Unfortunately, careful monitoring must be on any soil. So, on loose soil, it is necessary to ensure that the cutters do not sink too deeply, and in the process of working hard soil and virgin soil, it may be necessary to perform several approaches. It is advisable to carry out the first treatment at low speeds, while it is important to adjust the position of the coulter accordingly.
Before starting to cultivate the soil, you must engage the clutch, put the gear knob in “neutral”, start the engine and let it warm up a little. The answer to the question of how to plow with a tiller almost always implies recommendations for setting the optimal speed at which the drive will ensure the operation of the knives. This parameter will determine the nature of soil cultivation. The second is considered the normal speed for cultivation. it is recommended to use it to till the soil of average quality. The number of revolutions can change during operation, but it should be controlled by changing the parameters of the belt drive. Correction usually takes place when the depth of cultivation changes or as a result of the transfer of equipment to a different type of soil.
How the tiller plows?
In the process of soil cultivation, special cutters are involved. working bodies that directly carry out loosening. Another important element is the opener, which allows you to adjust the working depth. Typically, the opener limitation reaches 25 cm. Understanding how the tiller plows will allow you to optimally adjust the level at which the soil will be cultivated. The rotating knives are driven by a drive mechanism that can be diesel, gasoline or even electric. Such a system can be called automatic, however, considerable responsibility for the quality of work is assigned to the user, who not only makes the initial settings of the mechanisms and adjusts the plowing parameters, but also controls the tiller during loosening.
How does the tiller plow? How to plow on a tiller correctly?
tiller is the most popular technical tool used by summer residents on private farms for soil cultivation. This was facilitated by the simple design of such units, and the relatively high quality of land cultivation. However, in order to get a decent result in the course of work, you need to know how the tiller plows and how to properly handle it. The ability to supplement the design with auxiliary attachments also expands the functionality of the models, while forcing users to study in detail the rules of operation in special modes.
Working with a plow
The presence of the plow in the tiller design significantly expands its capabilities. To understand how to plow a plow on a trailer, you must first familiarize yourself with the assembly procedure, which involves installing a coupling mechanism on this element.
Coupling with a plow will further allow connecting the elements with the tiller. To complete this operation, you will need the appropriate wrenches and hardware. At the same stage, it is necessary to determine and fix the processing depth. This is done by matching the holes in the hub on the hitch with one of the holes on the plow shank. bolt and nut fastening. Next, you can check how the tiller plows on flexible soil and, if the mechanisms demonstrate proper operation, you can start full-fledged cultivation on the site.
Setting processing parameters
If it is supposed to cultivate virgin lands, then it is advisable to set a shallow depth and feel how the unit is able to cope with such soil. Having processed a small section of the site, you should determine the “convenient” depth. Knowing how the tiller plows the soil with a specific density and composition will help to establish the optimal position of the cutters and adjust the opener accordingly. Equally important is the ripping width, which should be adjusted by installing several rotating knives or rotors. Their number in standard operating modes can vary from 2 to 6. It happens that the engine of the unit starts to increase the speed with a simultaneous reduction in the depth at which processing is performed. In this case, it is necessary to deepen the coulter yourself.
A lot of questions regarding how to plow with a tiller correctly will help to solve the knowledge of the design of a specific model of the unit. It is also necessary to take into account safety precautions, since a tiller is a technical means, the work of which is associated with the rotation of sharp elements. rotors, cutters, knives, etc.
First, you need to make sure that there are no children or animals in the area intended for processing. Further, all fixing components are checked. especially on cutters and rotors. If the model is equipped with high-voltage wires and an exhaust pipe, then they must not be touched during operation. It is also recommended to plow the garden with a tiller in appropriate equipment. In particular, it is necessary to have durable elements of outerwear, shoes with solid soles and gloves. When working on rough terrain and soils with stony ground, special care should be taken when reversing. Due to the unevenness of the work area, the risk of slipping or stumbling increases significantly.
This operation is rather complicated. it is best done with an assistant. To attach the plow, the tiller is slightly raised off the ground. To do this, he is driven onto some stands with a height of at least 15 cm. It is with this procedure that the preparation for work of small-scale mechanization equipment intended for plowing the land, of any brand, should begin. Including such a popular one as, for example, the tiller “Neva“. How to plow the land correctly using the technique of this brand will be discussed a little below.
The hitch itself is made according to the instructions of the tiller and plow manufacturers. When performing this operation, you must ensure that the edge of the share touches the ground with the entire surface. The plow tine should be strictly vertical, and the beam horizontal.
Of course, the equipment should also be adjusted for the track gauge. To do this, you need to pay attention to how the plow share is located. Its right edge should be in line with the inside edge of the right wheel. In this case, the plow will cut the ground evenly and roll it off easily. The tiller himself will go easier.
How do they plow the land with a tiller? How to properly plow with a plow on a tiller?
tiller is a versatile equipment with which you can plow the land, plant root crops, huddle potatoes and harvest. Such country equipment is not particularly expensive today, which determines its extraordinary popularity. Most often, tillers are used precisely for plowing the land for planting potatoes. There is nothing particularly complicated technique of loosening the soil with the help of a tiller. However, it is still necessary to know some of the features of this operation.
How to plow?
So, the tiller is ready. Now you can proceed to the actual procedure of loosening the soil on the site. To make fewer turns, plow the land with a tiller along the long side of the plot.
The tiller handle should be slightly turned at the base to the left. In this case, it will be possible to walk along the not yet plowed strip, which, of course, is much more convenient.
Well, now let’s figure out how the land is plowed with a tiller correctly. This procedure is performed as follows:
- the tiller is installed at the beginning of the strip and goes along the stretched cord.
- After the row has been passed, turn in such a way that the right wheel of the tiller is opposite the furrow of the already plowed strip.
Plowing should be done slowly. You should not push the tiller. If the engine overheats (and this happens quite often), work should be stopped for about half an hour.
What to do if the soil is too hard
Next, let’s see how to properly plow the land on a tiller on problem areas. Normal soil is so loose that it can be easily pierced with a metal rod to the depth of a shovel bayonet. On too hard ground, the tiller usually starts to slip during plowing. In this case, the operation is performed twice. For the first time, the plot is cut to a shallow depth. In the second. to the fullest. Some “killed” areas have to be plowed in several stages. But this happens, of course, extremely rarely.
Very hard soil should be plowed wet. Then the plow will go much easier.
Installation of wheels
So let’s see how the land is plowed with a tiller correctly. Before starting the operation, the equipment, of course, needs to be prepared. Wheels are hung on the tiller, then the plow is installed. As for the first ones, their diameter should be at least 50-60 cm, and their width. 18-20 cm. Otherwise, high-quality plowing will not work. If the wheels are too narrow, the tiller will start to roll from side to side. With their small diameter, it will be impossible to provide a sufficient distance between the soil surface and the gearbox.
When choosing wheels for a tiller, you should also pay attention to the rim. It is desirable that it is not solid. Otherwise, the ground will be packed between the lug ribs.
What you need to know
When plowing the first row, the plow runs strictly vertically. However, starting with the second, as one of the wheels rolls along the furrow, the tiller, and therefore the share, tilts slightly. Therefore, the plow needs to be slightly shifted vertically in the opposite direction.
To do this, loosen the nuts in one of the adjusting grooves. After the plow is in the correct position, they are tightened again.
How to plow with a Neva tiller with a plow
Garden equipment of this brand among summer residents, due to its practicality, ease of use and low cost, is in great demand.
The capacity of the Neva trailers is enough for the hardest soil and even for virgin soil. In the latter case, not a plow is used, but special cutters. The grass must be mowed before starting plowing on virgin soil. You can also remove it using the tiller itself (if you have the appropriate attachments).
Actually, the answer to the question of how to plow the ground with a Neva tiller with a plow is simple. Of course, in the same way as with any other similar technique. The only thing experienced summer residents recommend is to change the oil in the tiller of this brand before plowing. Even if it’s still new.
How to install and plow a mounted plow
The main working bodies of the tool are a metal ploughshare and a blade. The ploughshare plows, it cuts the top layers of soil and directs them to the dump. And the dump wraps the ground raised by the ploughshare, crumbles it and throws it into the furrow. Thanks to this process, deep loosening of the soil occurs, in which it is saturated with oxygen and gets rid of weeds.
The figure shows what a plow plow looks like, designed to be plowed with a cultivator, a tiller in the garden. Different models of plowing devices may have some differences between themselves, but mostly they are all arranged this way.
Before you start plowing the land with a cultivator, a tiller, a removable plow is assembled. To do this, take two bolts and use them to attach the hitch to the rack of the mounted implement. The assembled unit is hung on the cultivator bracket, slightly fixed and then adjusted according to the parameters:
- plowing depth;
- blade angle;
- heel angle (field board).
To fit the required plowing depth, the motor-cultivator is rolled out on supports 12-20 cm high and placed as evenly as possible, so that the field board is completely in contact with the ground surface, and the stand is perpendicular to it. The mounted plow is adjusted to the desired position in which it will plow, and then secured with the adjusting screw and locknut.
To adjust the angle of inclination of the blade, the cultivator is tilted to the side. To do this, remove the stand from under the right wheel (or lug), leaving only under the left one. The nuts securing the hitch to the hitch are slightly loosened, the plow is slowly turned, giving it an optimal position for plowing.
The angle of inclination of the heel (field board) is changed by rotating the adjusting screw of the cultivator hitch. If you want to increase the height of the heel relative to the share, turn the screw clockwise and vice versa. When adjusting, be sure to make sure that the distance does not exceed 3 cm, otherwise the plow nose, when plowing in the garden, will begin to dig deep into the ground and worsen the tractive effort of the cultivator, however, as well as the tiller or the motorized tractor. At the end of the adjustment, all nuts are well tightened with a wrench. You can see in more detail the process of setting up a plow for plowing with motor-cultivators Salyut, Neva and others in the video.
After making the above settings, the plow is completely ready for use and you can try to plow in the garden. Before they start plowing them thoroughly, especially virgin soil, they carry out control plowing and assess whether the plow is correctly adjusted, what are the depths of the furrow and the quality of the soil dumping. How to properly plow with a cultivator is well shown in the video using the example of the Tiller Neva. You can also watch a video about how the heavy tiller Zirka behaves when plowing virgin lands.
With the correct adjustment of the plow, the motor unit moves evenly during plowing, without jerking, without burying the “nose” of the share in the depths. The furrows from the dump are smooth and do not overlap with each other when plowing. If the plot is solid soil, plowing is carried out in two passes. At the first plowing, a shallower depth is set, at the second. a greater one. In the same way, you need to plow virgin soil. For the processing of small areas, they mainly use a cultivator and plow cutters. Medium-sized plots are also cultivated with a cultivator, but with the use of a cultivator or light plow, and heavy and virgin lands. with the help of a powerful motor-cultivator (for example, the Neva) and a mounted plow.
Sergey, 54 years old:
I prefer to plow the land in the fall, so it is more useful, it turns out: larvae, bugs and all kinds of harmful trifles are pulled out, weed roots are turned inside out, which freeze over the winter. In the spring I give preference to rotary tillers. Even a triple pass with a plow will not provide such softness and airiness, moreover, during the winter, a special microflora develops in the inverted layer, contributing to the growth of plants, which is undesirable to turn over again.
The multifunctional tiller can perform a wide range of works in the field, country house and garden. Together with the device, various types of hitch are used, which help to quickly and efficiently cultivate arable land and virgin lands. The most common tillage tool is the share plow. Instructions on how to prepare it for work and properly plow it are described in our article.
Complain about the video?
Working with a plow on an OKA tiller. what is plowing for and how the attachment is adjusted. The answers to these and other questions are detailed in this article.
How to assemble a homemade plow
It is noteworthy that the equipment of the Kaluga plant is universal. you can install both native Kaluga attachments and hinges from other manufacturers to tillers from this manufacturer. The main thing is that the couplings fit.
An alternative can be tools from such manufacturers:
- Vsevolzhsky RMZ.
- “Mobile K”, producing Tiller Mole.
- PC “Rusich”.
- Gagarin LLC “MOBIL K”.
But this is not the limit. Modern craftsmen are able to make with their own hands a plow, a coupling of the required size, and any other tool for the tiller Oka.
There are many different drawings, diagrams, descriptions and videos on the Internet, where it is described and shown in detail how to properly assemble a homemade plow and a hitch, how to install and adjust them, as well as how to plow with a hitch.
We offer several options for drawings of homemade plows and couplings:
What attachments does the tiller work with?
Any experienced farmer knows that with the help of a tiller, cultivator or other motorized equipment, it is possible to mechanize almost all agricultural work, from cultivating the land to prepare it for sowing and ending with the transportation of the harvested crop. The motor units have become universal due to the possibility of using a variety of attachments. So, for example, for the cultivation of arable land and the cultivation of virgin lands, not only moldboard and other plows were created, but also:
- rotary tillers;
- weeding cutters.
Harrows are used to plow virgin soil, as well as for pre-sowing or post-harvest loosening of arable soil to a depth of 7-14 cm. By harrowing with a tiller, a cultivator, they level the surface, cover moisture, and destroy weeds. The working bodies of such agricultural implements are metal teeth or spherical discs. In this video, you can clearly see how to plow correctly with a tiller and a homemade harrow.
With the help of a hiller, potatoes are hilled, cut furrows for sowing seeds, backfilled planting material, as well as weeds directly in the row zone. Hilling devices are single-row and double-row, with a fixed and adjustable working width, distinguishable both by design and by their efficiency. Here is a video about how the Neva MB2 tiller is processing with a mounted two-row hiller-weeding machine.
The rotary tiller can plow virgin soil, carry out pre-sowing and main cultivation of plowed land. This agricultural tool allows you to mill, cultivate the land and prepare it for sowing with high quality. It is capable not only of plowing the soil, but also crumbling large layers, mixing with fertilizer, crushing stubble particles, leveling the sown area. Rotary tillers for plowing are of different types, depending on the number of cutting elements. This video shows how to actually plow with a tiller with a cutter installed on it.
The weeding cutter helps to cut weeds, split and cut grooves without turning the layer, plow and crush the soil. Flat cutters come with all kinds of working widths and working depths, which allows you to choose them for specific conditions for processing agricultural plots and crops. How to carry out processing with a hinged flat cutter in practice is well demonstrated by this video using the example of the Tiller Dnepr.
In addition to the listed removable tools, created in order to plow virgin soil and cultivate arable land, rakes, wood splitters, seeders, shredders, cultivators, rotary and segment mowers, shovels, dumps, sprayers, sweeping brushes, snow blowers, etc. are used with the motor unit. Having in stock the main set of mounted agricultural implements, you can use a tiller or a powerful cultivator to perform all sorts of economic tasks, in particular, pre-sowing plowing of the land, sowing and planting crops, fertilizing, inter-row cultivation, harvesting root crops, seasonal harvesting of green fodder.
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How to properly plow with a plow on a tiller?
- How to setup?
- Installation of wheels
- Installing the plow
- Tiller launch
- Plowing a plot
tiller is a universal unit for agricultural work on a personal or summer cottage. It can be used to plow the land, plant and harvest. The purchase of such equipment will greatly facilitate agricultural work.
With the help of tillers, you can perform various types of agricultural work. Depending on the size of the area to be treated and the demand for equipment in different fields of activity, the equipment is acquired in light, medium and heavy classes.
This mini-technique is often called a motor cultivator. Its power does not exceed 4 and a half horsepower, therefore it is cheaper than medium and large units. The advantages include the light weight of the monoblock and the availability of processing inconvenient areas due to the small grip of the cutter.
The downside is the rapid overheating of a low-power motor, which means that it will take a short time to work with such equipment. In addition, the depth of the excavated soil is less than that of a heavy tiller. In addition, light vehicles have no attachments for additional equipment.
This technique is rear-wheel drive. Motor power. 5-12 horsepower. The device is capable of treating a plot of half a hectare. tiller weighs 50 to 70 kilograms, his. Most tillers in this category can mount a plow and other equipment.
This technique has 2 gears, is equipped with a headlight. Compared to a heavy tiller, the average one is more maneuverable, but the depth of plowing by it does not exceed 12 cm.And this is unacceptable for planting some plants
With this equipment, you can plow huge areas, significantly exceeding an area of half a hectare. Engine power. 12-30 horsepower. A plow, trailer, hiller, potato digger and other equipment can be attached to a heavy tiller. It is easier to work with such a technique and many times faster than with light and medium ones. It adjusts the steering wheel, wheels.
The disadvantages include the heavy weight of the model, lack of access to non-standard surface areas. In addition, such a technique has to be turned with effort. As for the types of plows to the tiller, they are reversible with two bodies that plow the soil using a blade, or rotary, plowing the soil thanks to rotating discs.
Installation of wheels
Before the start of the summer season, you will need to adjust the tiller for plowing. Before plowing, rubber wheels must be replaced with metal lug wheels. This must be done so that the unit does not slip during excavation work. The choice of wheels should be taken seriously, otherwise it will not work to plow the soil compacted after winter.
Firstly, their diameter must be at least 55 cm, and secondly, the width of the wheel is selected within 20 cm, otherwise, if the wheels are too narrow, the tiller will lose stability and will swing in different directions. If the diameter is too small, the gearbox will catch on the ground and may become unusable, and it is known to be the “heart” of the tiller.
For wheels, a monolithic rim is suitable so that the earth does not clog in the lugs. Work with wheels is done by placing the tiller on special stands. The height of the hill directly depends on the depth of future plowing: for working with ordinary soil. 20 cm, with frozen soil. 25 cm.
Every time before starting the engine, the oil level and the amount of fuel are checked. a lack of both can damage the engine. The diesel engine is fueled with seasonal diesel fuel (for warm or cold seasons). Before starting, check the operation of the clutch, steering wheel. Movements in systems occur with a certain effort.
To start the engine, you need to free the tubes from air with an electric starter, which will subsequently be filled with diesel fuel. During manual start, it is necessary to give access to fuel, to produce gas and a certain amount of rocking by the starter. The decompressor returns to its original state and the engine starts.
For two-stroke engines, gasoline is used (the proportions of dilution with oil are indicated in the instructions). To start the tiller, open the gas tank, direct the handle to “start”, move the starter several times without turning on the ignition. And only then turn on the ignition to start the engine. Further, the handle should be at the “Work” mark.
With an electric starter, just turn on the ignition and start the engine.
Installing the plow
Thanks to the couplings (fasteners), the plow is mounted to the tiller. This work is best done with an assistant, as it will require some effort and skill. First, the hitch is mounted on the tiller, then connected to the plow mount with steel pins. The connection should not be installed tightly, a slight horizontal movement is necessary, otherwise, when processing the soil, the tiller will “skid” to the sides due to the unevenness of the soil.
After basic installation, the plow needs to be adjusted. You will have to tinker with the adjustment. the quality of plowing depends on it. The plow is tilted using the mountings so that its heel is horizontal to the ground. The adjusted tiller is placed on the ground and the steering wheel is checked. it should be in the area of the plowman’s belt.
It remains to check whether the unit is ready for earthwork. It is necessary to make several test furrows with depth measurement, to check the quality of the soil dump. Pay attention to the strip between furrows. it should not be too wide (no more than 10 cm) or crossed by a plow.