From birth to 3 months
-Mobile (movable design with plastic animal figures, geometric shapes). It develops vision (stimulates visual concentration and tracing eye movements). Fix the mobile at a distance of 15-20 cm from the eyes of a child. Do not hang a lot of toys. Two or three is enough. Change them in 4-5 days so that the baby gets acquainted with new objects of study.
– Cubes, prisms, balls with black and white geometric pattern. Develop vision (stimulate visual concentration). Hang the toys at a distance of 15-20 cm from the eyes of the child. Periodically change them so that they do not bother the baby.
– Schematic representation of a human face. Develop vision (stimulate visual concentration). Attach such a "face" at a distance of 15-20 cm from the eyes of a child.
– Balloons. Develop vision (stimulates visual concentration) and coordination of movements. Filled with a light gas, the balloon is tied to the hand of the baby, so that, by moving his hand, he watches the movement of the ball and soon could establish the relationship between the movements of the hand and the ball.
– A variety of musical toys (rattles, bells, pipes, squeaky rubber toys). They develop hearing (stimulate auditory concentration). At a distance of 1.5 m from the child’s right or left ear, shake the rattle. If the baby turned his head in your direction, after he heard the sound, smile, praise the child and show him the toy.
– Jingle bells, bells, toys with sounding "stuffing". Develop hearing, cognitive abilities. By the end of the 3rd month, hang the toys on the mobile or above the crib so that the baby can reach them. Over time, the child will understand that, touching the toy with his hands, he causes its sound.
– Singing top, Vanka-vstanka. They develop vision (stimulate visual concentration), hearing and active interest in knowledge. These toys are designed to play together. Take the baby in your arms, show it and let it touch the top. Spin the top for the child to listen to its sound. Playing with vanka-vstanka, show your baby how this toy is swinging. As they get older, the child will learn to play independently.
Rag bracelet with a bell. Develops coordination of movements, hearing (stimulates auditory concentration). Put the bracelet alternately on the right and left hands of the baby. Moving his hand and causing the sound of the bell, the child will get the first idea of their motor capabilities.
– Rattles, any toys that can be squeezed and squeezed. Form an idea of the motor capabilities of the hands. By the end of the 3rd month, the baby begins to consciously stretch his hand to the object and grab it. Use this skill. The child responds better to rattles and plastic rings in contrasting colors.
– Wooden rings. Develop coordination of movements. Attach the rings above the bed at a distance accessible to the baby. With the help of the rings, the child learns to move the half-open palm towards the object.
– Toys from different materials (fur, flannel) and pieces of fabric. Develop tactile sensitivity. Sensations from touching different materials give information about the diversity of the surrounding world. Put toys and pieces of various fabrics in the hands of the baby, stroke them with the baby’s little body. Do not forget to tell him about these toys and fabrics.
4 to 6 months
– Teether ring, special toys designed for chewing, sucking. Needed during teething. These toys can be purchased at the pharmacy. Since the child will take the toys in his mouth, they should be washed after the game and stored in a clean glass jar with a lid (additional precautions are usually reported in the instructions).
– Toys with mirror surfaces or a special mirror. They develop vision, cognitive abilities. Securely fix the mirror above the bed at 20 cm from the face of the child. At 4 months, the baby gets great pleasure, considering his reflection in the mirror.
– Mobile. It develops fine motor skills, eyesight (stimulates visual concentration), tactile sensitivity. Hang not only toys, but also various household items (wooden spoons, empty plastic bottles, brushes), as well as rubber and rag figures of animals and birds.
– Wooden beads. Develop coordination, tactile sensitivity. Bring the beads to the baby so that he sees them and reaches out to them. Making sure that he firmly grasped the beads, shake them.
– Rag ball. Develops coordination of eye and hand movements, helps to form a grasping skill. Give your child small balls adapted for grabbing (either from soft pliable material, or with protruded ribbed parts). If there is a jingle inside the ball, this toy will also develop hearing. By the end of the 6th month, the child can play with such a ball, sitting on an adult’s lap or lying on his stomach and leaning on his outstretched arms.
– A variety of musical toys (pipes, whistles, rattles, drum). Develop auditory perception (help to find the sound, located on the right, left, front, rear) Use toys that differ in frequency and volume of sound. Play this game with your baby. Hide behind the dresser and poddudit in the pipe. Making sure that the child looks in your direction and froze, show yourself to him, saying: “Koo-ku! This is mom. Look what I have! ”
Toy For Dogs With A Delicacy Inside Their
From birth to 3 months -Mobile (movable design with plastic animal figures, geometric shapes). It develops vision (stimulates visual concentration and……
From 7 to 9 months
– A rubber ball that can be kicked. Promotes the development of coordination of movements, trains the muscles of the legs. Strengthens in the "legs" of the crib. The child gets great pleasure by kicking the ball with such feet.
– Toy hammer with wooden or plastic pegs that can be hammered. They develop coordination of eye and arm movements, strengthen muscles. Show the kid how to hit the pegs with a hammer. Teach you to hit the lids of the pots, empty metal coffee cans, plastic bottles. In this case, the hammer is perfectly replaced by a rattle or a spoon.
– Plastic transparent bottles filled with cereals. Develop coordination of hand movements, eyesight (stimulate tracing eye movements). Show your child how to twirl and shake with such toys, sprinkling their contents. You can give your baby transparent plastic tubes filled with shiny balls and make a sound when shaken.
– Caskets with a pop-up surprise (such as "little devil in a box"). Develop coordination of eye and arm movements, thinking (help establish a link between the action and the result). Show the child that when you press a button located on the panel of the box, the lid leans back and a cheerful clown or animal jumps out of the box.
– Music centers that emit a variety of sounds. They develop coordination of eye and hand movements, thinking (they help establish a link between the action and the result). Sometimes the buttons on such centers are made in the form of animals. By clicking on them, the child will hear the corresponding onomatopoeia.
– Any toys and objects that can be dropped on the floor (cubes, wooden spoons, squeaky rubber toys, etc.). Develop fine motor skills, cognitive abilities, hearing, eyesight (stimulate eye-tracking movements). This is one of the most interesting games. By the end of the ninth month, teach the baby to intentionally drop toys on the floor. You can play this game by putting the child on your lap. If the baby sits well on his own, let him throw the toys out of the crib.
– Table lamp with a button on the panel. Develops coordination of hand movements, thinking (helps to establish a link between the object and its inherent action, leading to the result). Show the baby how, pressing the button, you turn on and off the light. Comment on your actions with the words: “Light!”, “No light!”, Etc.
– Game centers – flat boards with a set of various toys (the kit usually includes a mirror, figures moving up and down, bells, a telephone dial). They develop fine motor skills, hearing, and teach various actions with objects. With the help of straps, the board can be attached to the bed gratings or suspended so that the child can play while lying down.
– Soft cloth books. They develop visual attention, cognitive interest, speech understanding, fine motor skills, tactile sensitivity. They are intended not for reading, but for viewing. If you show pictures in a book, it will give your child great pleasure. Over time, the child can learn to independently look at the book while lying in the crib.
– Toys for games in the bath (sponges in the form of little animals, floating ducks, boats, etc.). Develop motor skills, cognitive abilities, eyesight (stimulate tracing eye movements). Teach your kid to move toys, clapping his palm on the water. Show the focus: hide the duck under the foam, and then remove it.
From 9 to 12 months
– Pyramids (wooden and plastic of 4 and 6 rings with a cap). Develop fine motor skills, coordination of eye and hand movements, cognitive abilities. Learn to remove pyramid rings and put them on the rod. At 12 months, the child collects a pyramid without taking into account the size of the rings.
– Sets of building blocks. Develop coordination of eye and hand movements, cognitive abilities. Teach your child to put a cube on a cube. Build a high tower in front of his eyes, and then destroy it, exclaiming: “Bach!” Such a game will give the child great pleasure. Teach him to build and destroy.
– Nest toys (cylindrical and rectangular cups nested in each other). Develop cognitive abilities, fine motor skills. First, teach your kid to play with two cups – big and small. Show that a small cup can be hidden in a large one. Turn the cup upside down and hide a bright ball under it. Let the kid try to guess under what cup he is hidden.
– Puzzle games ("Matryoshka"). Develop cognitive abilities, fine motor skills, speech and its understanding. Take a large matryoshka doll and put it into a small one. Show your child how to do it. Calling the size of the nesting doll, highlight the word voice.
– Banks or boxes with slots, small items that can be folded and pushed inside (large buttons, cubes, coils, balls, clothespins). Develop cognitive abilities, coordination of eye and hand movements. By the age of 12 months, these games are perhaps the most interesting for the child. Like the donkey Ia-ia, children are ready to put things in different containers for hours and get them out.
– The game "Magic bucket" (plastic bucket with slots on the lid and figures of the appropriate shape and size). It develops cognitive abilities (it teaches to distinguish objects by form), coordination of eye and hand movements. Towards the 12th month, show the kid how interesting it is to throw balls into the holes and cubes into square slots.
– Stable cars that can be rolled back and forth. Develop fine motor skills, learn to make simple manipulations with the subject. Machines are necessary for both boys and girls. When the baby learns to sit firmly on the floor, show him how fun it is to roll a typewriter or a wooden train.
– Wheeled toys that can be moved in front of you while walking. Develop walking skills, coordination of movements. When a child learns to walk, such toys provide him with additional support.
– Children’s Designer (type duplo ). Develops cognitive abilities, fine motor skills. Teach your child to fasten building blocks to each other. After a year you can learn to build towers and cities on your own projects.
– Balls, sports toys, rocking horse, machine, in which you can sit. They develop coordination of movements, learn to walk, run and climb, give sensory information about the position of the body in space. Remember that the kid should play with these toys under your supervision.
– Clockwork toys (chickens, trains and cars). Develop fine motor skills. First show how to start, for example, a chicken, and then have the child do it yourself.
– Rag dolls and animal toys with large features. They teach simple manipulations with a toy, they are introduced to the names of the main parts of the body and face. Ask the baby to show where the doll has the nose, eyes, mouth. Teach you to rock, put to sleep and feed the doll.
– Musical toys (drum, metallophone). Develop auditory perception, coordination of hand and eye movements. Teach your child to hit chopsticks on the metallophone. Let him try to extract a loud or quiet sound. Explain to the baby that, striking several times in a row, he will “compose” a melody.