What do you need a manual cultivator for?. Hand cultivator for dacha Tornado
Hand cultivators for tillage at the cottage. rotary and mechanical
Getting a good harvest or the proper type of lawn preceded a number of works on the processing of the upper layer of soil. Digging up, harrowing, loosening, breaking up clods of earth, removing weeds and their roots, digging up root crops. all this is necessary, but physically demanding work.
Requiring, on top of that, a considerable amount of time.
To facilitate labor and increase productivity, various types of hand cultivators for tillage at the cottage. gasoline, electric, manual, light and heavy.
The advantages of their use are enormous. mobility, the ability to process areas of land that are difficult to access for heavy equipment, an increase in several times the speed of work. The quality of land treatment increases many times over, compared to the use of hand tools. shovel or sapa.
A dacha owner’s basic tool. a shovel. There are many types of this tool. A bayonet shovel is used for digging loose soil.
It is convenient to work the land in the garden with a “Mole”. We are talking about a shovel-grubber. This device allows you to perform several tasks simultaneously: to dig over and loosen the soil, remove weeds.
The depth of cultivation. 25 cm. In addition to the lumbar support, the tool is equipped with counter forks that break up clods of earth.
What in practice
The “Tornado” cultivator model has been on the market of garden tools for more than a year, earning widespread attention and approval from people with spinal disabilities. Practicing users argue that the load is the most basic only on the hands.
Mistrustful dacha owners, seeing this innovation in the construction market, rush to engage in, first of all, the comparison. And for this one buys a classic “Tornado” and a cheap bayonet shovel.
A few squares are measured on the plot to test the well-being and the promised under-loading.
As a result, a shovel with a cutter is used exclusively for creating holes for fences or compost. The cultivator is used to cultivate the soil, form holes for seedlings, weed all the abandoned and forgotten corners of the plot with ease and willingness.
From the words of adequate and grateful dachshunds, the “Tornado” can:
- Work the ground vertically faster than any shovel;
- Loosen up beds with strawberries, flowers, perennials
- Assist in replanting seedlings, similarly pull weeds out of any soil;
- Create neat rows of holes for the potatoes.
It is not a good idea to apply full force to the tool when working. It is better to make reciprocating movements, the tedder will dig into the ground itself thanks to the design of the tines. The soil layer retains its regular structure.
The opener-cultivator‘s main difference from other models is its ability to work dense, packed soil because of precipitation.
This unit is small and most often has three or five curved, pointed tines. It requires a certain amount of force to achieve the best results when working the ground.
There are two versions of these implements: one with a short handle and one with a long handle. The first ones are used when working seedlings in the greenhouse, the second ones. on garden territories.
Variety of working elements of cultivators
Always at work hand cultivator for dacha, such as in the photo.
Among the many shapes and sizes of tools, they are classified into several types according to the shape and function of the working organ. For example, a fork with curved horns, winding up the roots of the ubiquitous wheatgrass was invented relatively recently, and was called “Tornado” for the effect of fighting the pernicious perennial plants.
Of the new tools, the engineer Fokin’s ploskrezy, with a three-sided sharpening of a narrow strip of tool steel, can be noted. They have a rectangular handle, an adjustable angle for operation, and can pull any weed out of a narrow crevice. Loop-shaped such rippers. skidders undercut the roots at depth and do not overturn the top layer of soil, preserving the mulch on the surface. Toothed hand cultivators, on the contrary, are needed for loosening the top layer.
Rotary cultivators are used for loosening, weeding. They are efficient, requiring little effort to drive the sprocket. Miniature arrowheads on curved rods are excellent rippers, and are often mounted on homemade tools with hand-pulled wheels.
So, according to the shape of the working body, cultivators are divided into;
- Plowshares and hinges;
- toothed, with flat, pointed and arrowhead ends, from one to seven links;
- rotary, with a set of spinning sprockets;
- straight vertical bars. rake tools.
Плоскорез Фокина. Приемы работы и ошибки. Самый любимый садовый инструмент.
Some models combine two functions each, such as a rotary hand cultivator with a looping harrow.
A well-known manufacturer of EM-1 Baikal soil health product, has created a tool for tillage. Various widths of plate plows, assembled in a set. Their difference. the bar is sharpened on both sides and the efficiency of work increases doubly. Handles for these plows are handpicked separately. The purpose is to trim the roots of the weeds, which will then destroy the effective microorganisms.
Every dacha owner dreams of always having the right tool at his fingertips. That is why they are bought, and create their own designs based on known forms, but changing the size, height of the handle, working width.
Tornadica Hand Cultivator in use
Hand cultivator: basic types
There are 2 basic types of cultivators:
Disc cultivators and rippers are available in a wide range of models. They can have removable nozzle parts, differ in physical parameters and performance.
The basis of this device is a shaft, on which a certain shape of discs with teeth in the form of stars is placed. Manual star cultivator is suitable for ripping. The more star-shaped discs, the wider the swath of ground that can be covered in one pass. Ease of use is created by the long handle.
The rotary cultivator is set in motion by physical force. The working discs are positioned between the rows. The star shape allows the unit to loosen soil well. The soil is lifted and turned upside down, which also cuts through the weeds.
Despite the amount of effort required, the cultivator works much more quickly and easily than a shovel. The drawback of the rotary cultivator is that it is not suitable for heavy, clayey soils.
The tool has a long handle with several curved teeth on one end. Use the arc-shaped handle to dig the tines into the soil with a swing and turn the tines.
The ripper is ideal for preparing the site for planting. This manual weeding cultivator requires little physical effort and no muscle tension.
The rotary cultivator is well suited for weed- and weed-prone areas. High weed abundance and a dense blanket of weeds would preclude the use of this tool due to its low effectiveness.
Manual cultivators for working the soil in the country house of this type are directed in different directions curved teeth on a rod. During ripping the tines penetrate the soil by up to 0.2 m and cut the roots of the weeds.
Root removers are easy to use. The tool must be positioned at right angles to the soil surface. The tines are dipped into the ground by pushing on the handle. The next step is to turn the handle firmly clockwise. Since using a root extractor cultivator requires physical effort, it is not for the physically handicapped.
The application of the root extractor is possible on soils of varying densities.
The device is designed to facilitate the digging of potato tubers. The potato digger looks like a root puller, but its tines are shaped differently. Its use reduces strain on the spine while digging and avoids the possibility of damaging the tubers themselves.
The potato puller consists of a handle and working tines at the bottom. The separate spike of the cultivator is stuck in the ground and the handle is turned so that the main tines enter the soil.
By turning the device, it is directed upwards and pulled outwards. In this process the potato tubers will be carefully picked up and lifted without damage.
Around one plant, it is necessary to repeat the insertion and pulling of the cultivator several times to get all the tubers out.
Advantages and disadvantages of electric cultivators
The main disadvantage of an electrically powered product is that it is limited by the wires. It will require the use of several extension cords, which have high electrical losses when plugged in.
Prolonged use of the electric cultivator may cause overheating of the wires and cause short circuits.
In addition, for several hours of uninterrupted work, the device uses a large amount of electrical energy, the cost of which may surprise.
The advantages of such models include:
- Easy operation. Simple and straightforward to operate. It is enough to connect it to the mains, press the appropriate button and control the process;
- Minimum weight. The electric cultivator weighs from 15 to 25 kg;
- Effective for processing light types of soil substrate;
- easy operation. At the moment of contact of the equipment with the soil it is necessary to direct the technique, so that it follows the set trajectory;
- Wide range of choices. Different farming equipment in the garden section. They differ in their size, set of additional options and scope of application;
- Affordable price.
The opener models
The ripper is a sturdy metal rod with several teeth, designed to eliminate weeds. There is an arc-shaped handle on top of the tool for steering. When starting work with a manual scarifier you need to work with a good swing and plunge the device deep into the ground. After that you have to turn the handle and pull it towards you.
One of the advantages of this device is considered an even distribution of load during work. The disadvantages include the inability to treat large areas. If the area of weeds is very overgrown, the use of such a device will be very inefficient, because it requires a lot of effort. There is also a possibility of accidental damage to the roots of cultivated plants.
Working on the plot with a ripper it is necessary to follow all safety rules, otherwise the sharp teeth can cause serious injury. Before you start using the tool you should wear solid and completely closed shoes.
Advantages and disadvantages
Some novice gardeners, consider rotary cultivators obsolete, preferring to buy more modern self-propelled units. However, such a statement is not quite true.
Rotary models do not show high performance, but they do not require maintenance (lubrication, fueling), respectively, resulting in significant financial savings. In addition, they are easy to use, so they can be used by the elderly and young children.
For example, one of the most common models is the KR-3. No need for instructions for the KR-3 rotary cultivator. The principle of operation we have already mentioned above: Just lean on the ground and push the machine in the right direction.
Cut weeds are not spread out between the rows, as is the case with self-propelled counterparts.
Plants are shredded on site, mixed with the soil and act as an organic fertilizer, and natural protection for root crops.
Rotary modifications of manual action, can be used in hard-to-reach places, for example, in the defilement of lawns and alpine mountains, to work in greenhouses. Speaking about the advantages, we can not miss the availability.
, respectively, the purchase will not breach even a modest family budget.
Now for the unpleasant part. The use of rotary cultivators on large plots of land is impractical. For a large garden plot it is better to buy self-propelled machines. Fuel costs are more than justified by the physical effort required.
A hand cultivator will not cope with the processing of virgin lands. The products are designed for work on soft soil.
It is worth noting that you should be cautious when working with manual models. Working elements are not adjustable for working depth.It’s all down to the effort involved.
The cultivator can sink into the ground to a depth of 12 centimeters, so you can damage the root system of plants. If you use the hand cultivator as intended, it will become an indispensable assistant on the homestead plot.