What is the difference between an impact drill and a non-impact drill

Impact Drill Whirlwind

Models of the domestic brand Vikhr are also quite popular among buyers.

Power, W Speed ​​(qty) Rotation speed (maximum), rpm. Backlight Reverse Maximum drilling diameter
850 one 3000 not there is wood (25 mm)

Whirlwind Impact Drill Specifications

The Vortex drill of this model includes an additional handle and a limiter.

Impact drill Metabo

The tool of the German brand Metabo (SBE 650 600671000) is quite popular among domestic consumers. This drill is designed for drilling various materials.

Power, W Speed ​​(qty) Rotation speed (maximum), rpm. Backlight Reverse Maximum drilling diameter
650 one 2800 not there is wood (30 mm)

Metabo hammer drill specifications

Includes additional handle and drilling depth gauge.

Diold Crash Drill

Hammerless drills of the Russian company Diold are also popular with buyers, especially the MES-5-01SZP 10011021 model.

Power, W Speed ​​(qty) Rotation speed (maximum), rpm. Backlight Reverse Maximum drilling diameter
550 one 2500 not there is wood (20 mm)

Technical characteristics of the Diold hammer drill

Impact drill Bosch

Drill Bosch, model GSB 1600 RE 0.601.218.121 is designed for work with all materials.

Power Speed ​​(qty) Rotation speed (maximum), rpm. Backlight Reverse Maximum drilling diameter
700 watts one 3000 not there is wood (30 mm)

Bosch Impact Drill Specifications

Also, this model is equipped with an additional handle and depth stop (210 mm).

What is the difference between an impact drill and a non-impact drill

A conventional (hammerless) drill and a hammer drill, despite the similarities, also have differences:

  • the usual one is much lighter and smaller, since it does not have a percussion mechanism;
  • instruments with percussion function have the ability to move back and forth;
  • percussion models have higher power;
  • with the help of a hammer drill, the holes when drilling are more accurate;
  • An impact drill, in addition to drilling, can also perform other functions (create recesses, holes for sockets or switches, etc.).

Hammerless drill Metabo

Among the shockless instruments of the German company Metabo, the model BE 650 600 360 930 stands out.

Power, W Speed ​​(qty) Rotation speed (maximum), rpm. Backlight Reverse Maximum drilling diameter
650 one 2800 not there is wood (30 mm)

Technical characteristics of the Metabo hammer drill

Top best drills, hammer drill or hammer drill which is better

Top best drills, hammer drill or hammer drill which is better

Currently, there are several types of tools such as a drill. “How to choose a drill”. To understand which one is better to choose the right one, you should pay attention to the technical characteristics of each model.

Differences between impact drills and hammerless drills

Impact and non-impact drills differ, first of all, in the type of application:

a) material handling. As already mentioned, an impact drill is used on wood and metal, but a conventional drill is used on wood, plywood and plastic. However, with more powerful characteristics, ordinary drills are sometimes used, both on brick and on concrete.

b) impact mechanism. This mechanism (movement “back and forth”) is present only in impact drills than in conventional drills. Consequently, the hammerless drill is lightweight.

In second place are the differences in the characteristics of these two instruments:

Power. As a rule, hammer drills, due to the back-and-forth function, have a higher power than a conventional drill.

The power range of a conventional drill is from 300. 600 W.

The power range of the impact drill is from 500. 1200 W.

difference, impact, drill, non-impact

Rotational speed. Impact drills have faster torque than conventional drills.

Weight and dimensions. A conventional drill is lighter than a hammer drill.

Chuck type. This characteristic varies for the drills under consideration. Conventional drills mainly use a keyless chuck, while impact drills use a toothed or key chuck.

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Cartridge. a device necessary for fixing drills and other types of drill bits. There are types of cartridges:

  • The quick release is intended for large loads and hard materials, for beginners when working with a drill.
  • Bits with a hexagon are used for drills of different types.
  • Toothed or keyed. chuck with knuckle clamp for professional work.

Combi Drills, Drill Drivers & Impact Drivers, What’s the Difference? | Toolstop Guide

Final differences between impact drills and hammerless drills:

Price. The cost of a hammer drill is higher than the cost of a hammer drill, since the functionality of the first is much richer than the functionality of the second.

Quality. The same can be said about quality. Analyzing the main differences, we can conclude that since an ordinary drill is lighter than a percussion drill, it means that it is made, as a rule, worse, which explains its short period of operation.

Impact and non-impact drill: an overview of the main differences

Thinking about buying a drill? But the question immediately arose: what is the difference between a hammer drill and a hammerless drill. Let’s find out all this in today’s article.

What is impact and hammerless drill?

Hammer drill. This is a power tool for drilling holes in wood and metal. At the same time, it works in two modes: drilling and drilling with a blow (hence the name of the drill).

Hammerless drill. She’s an ordinary drill. Designed for drilling holes in fragile surfaces: wood, plywood and plastic.

Difference between hammer drill and hammer drill

In addition to the considered drills, perforators are widely popular. This tool is often confused with an impact drill, so you should remember their fundamental differences:

a) appointment. The use of a hammer drill is limited to working with bricks and concrete. In turn, the hammer drill easily drills concrete and natural stone.

b) function. The function, by which the impact function is meant, is different for these devices. For a drill, this is drilling, and for a hammer drill, it is a blow. This difference is confirmed by the implementation of the functions of the devices. The hammer drill is equipped with a special built-in electromechanical mechanism, while the drill has two gears.

In conclusion, I would like to say the following: before thinking about which of the presented drills is better or what is the difference between them, it is necessary to analyze the scope of each of the drills, its features. After all, even a separately taken model, for example, an impact type of drills, has its own characteristic subtleties, differences.

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The main differences from the hammer drill

These devices differ primarily in functionality. The main function of the hammer drill is hammering, and rotation is just one of the functions. It can work in three modes at once:

Difference between Drill Drivers & Impact Drivers

  • Rotation.
  • Rotation with impact work.
  • Impact work without rotation.

Rock drills use a pneumatic mechanism (like jackhammers) or electromagnetic coils. This explains the high power, you can not only punch holes in the walls, but also make grooves in brick and concrete for wiring, sockets and switches.


The main disadvantage of the device is its large mass, so the work requires more physical strength than with an impact drill, which is lighter than it.

The essential difference between the hammer drill is in the fastening of the working tool. Any electric drill has a cam chuck for the cylindrical shape of the tool, while in the hammer drill the tool is attached by means of special grooves. Therefore, you cannot use drills with a cylindrical shank on a hammer drill.

Important! There is a special device. a cam chuck, which is inserted into the hammer drill. Only with the help of such an adapter can you work on this tool with ordinary drills.

How the impact drill works

This drill is designed for drilling holes in metal, wood, plastic and durable materials. in brick and concrete. From the electric motor through the gearbox, the rotation is transmitted to the chuck, in which the cutting tool (drill) is fixed. For hard materials, bricks and concrete, one rotation is not enough to make a hole.

It differs from a conventional drill by the presence of a ratchet mechanism, which gives the tool reciprocating movements. blows, it is they that allow you to drill holes in solid material.

Important! Conventional drills are not suitable for such work, you must use a tool with a victorious tip.

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The impact mode in such a power tool can be turned on and off. At idle, the striking mechanism does not work, it only starts when you press the tool.

Difference with a hammer drill

An impact drill differs from a non-impact drill by the presence of a ratchet mechanism, which transmits a reciprocating motion to the working tool. This function makes it possible to make holes even in brick and concrete.

A conventional drill is indispensable for delicate work when you need to drill a hole in thin or fragile materials. Smooth drill stroke allows for high cleanliness and precision of the machined surface.

What is the difference between a hammer drill and a hammer drill and a hammer drill

For any construction and repair work, hand-held power tools are used. hammer drills, conventional and impact drills. At first glance, this tool looks similar, but differs in functionality. You should know how an impact drill differs from a hammer drill and a hammer drill, what is the difference between these power tools and how to choose them correctly.

What is better to choose

There is no universal tool. For fast and high-quality work, you need to choose the right power tool, from a hammer drill to a hammer drill. If you need to drill with infrequent percussion work, choose a percussion device. For large volumes of work on brick and concrete, it is better to purchase a perforator.

The difference in power tools is not small. Of course, for high-quality performance of work, it is desirable for the master to have all three types.

What is the difference between a drill and a hammer drill

The hammer drill works on the same principle as a hammer drill, only the chiseling mechanism is implemented differently. In this case, it is the impact energy that is used, taking into account the mass and inertia of the impact mechanism. Effort is realized with the help of compressed air. as in a jackhammer. Actually, the “jackhammer” mode is provided in any hammer drill, regardless of size.

In this video, the wizard talks with examples about the main differences between a hammer drill and a drill.

The principle of operation is as follows: A striker connected to a ram strikes the shaft with a chuck and a working attachment (chisel or drill). The ram gets its energy from the compressed air that comes from the piston. The piston is driven by a crank mechanism or an oscillating bearing.

Schematic representation of the hammer hammer mechanism

The hammer hammer mechanism works with great force and amplitude. Air damper extends tool life and protects operator’s hands. At the same time, the work efficiency is an order of magnitude higher than that of an impact drill. Durability is also at its best.

  • High complexity (compared to a hammer drill) and cost;
  • Bulky mechanism and high power consumption;
  • Inability to perform more or less accurate work;
  • The tool is heavy, therefore it is not easy to work with it for a long time;
  • Regular lubrication and cleaning of the piston group and bit holding mechanism.

In this video you will find a comprehensive answer to the question: What is the difference between a drill and a hammer drill. The comparative review addresses the following points:

  • Visual comparison of rock drill and hammer drill;
  • Attachment of drill and drill bit (difference in chuck);
  • Tool power and performance;
  • Convenience of work.

What to choose an impact drill or hammer drill?

When choosing a home power tool, we are more likely to be guided by emotion than by common sense. Mistakenly believing that “there is never too much of a good tool”, amateur craftsmen purchase bulky and expensive devices for performing simple household chores.

In order not to shoot at sparrows from a cannon, consider the most popular device. an electric drill and its functional varieties:

  • The drill is simple;
  • Hammer drill;
  • Perforator.

An electric shock drill looks very similar to a shockless one.

How the impact drill works

In addition to the normal torque, the hammer drill motor also gives the chuck and drill a reciprocating motion. Due to this, the working edge of the drill splits the material at the point of contact, and by means of rotation removes the broken parts of it and takes them out of the working area.

Drilling is much more efficient, but requires special carbide tipped drills. For example. victorious. They do not have cutting edges in the classical sense, but resemble a chisel firing pin. Only pointed shape.

The device of an impact drill is more complicated than a conventional one. But not enough to radically increase its value. A ratchet wheel is located on the chuck axis. On the body there is a working tooth-stop. When the ratchet is locked (normal drilling mode), only the torque from the gearbox is transmitted to the shaft.

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Working in this mode is no different from a conventional electric drill. When the master switches the hammer drill to the drilling-chiseling mode, the ratchet engages with the stop, and the shaft vibrates along the axis. The gear wheel seems to slide off the stop all the time.

In this case, the drill literally bites into the material. To reduce wear, the hammer mechanism works only when the drill is pressed in the direction of drilling. When idling, the shaft runs vibration-free.

The principle of operation of the impact mechanism of an electric drill

  • Due to the constant friction of the ratchet against the stop, the wear of the mechanism occurs very intensively;
  • Undamped vibrations gradually destroy the impact drill body;

The rotor and stator of the electric motor also experience parasitic vibrations, which also adversely affects the resource of the tool.

  • Sharp shaking negatively affects the operator’s hands, increasing fatigue;

From constant work in the “drilling-chiseling” mode, joints begin to hurt.

  • The force and amplitude of the reciprocating movements are small, therefore, such a drill is not capable of too strong and hard materials;
  • Such a mechanism cannot provide the “chiseling” mode without rotating the shaft;
  • Requires regular maintenance and lubrication of the ratchet.

How each of these tools differs from others?

The purpose of any drilling device is obvious. Make holes in various materials. Depending on the characteristics of the workpiece, a certain amount of energy is required for drilling. Different types of drills make the operator’s job easier, but there are also more advanced ways to improve tool efficiency.

For example, to give translational vibrations to the nozzle. Then the drill acts as a chisel or bolt. over, with a classic drill, even with diamond dusting, it is not possible to drill a hole in reinforced concrete in a short time and with one copy of the nozzle.

How a simple drill works

The electric motor, using a gearbox, transmits torque to the chuck, and then to the drill. The operator creates pressure in the direction of drilling, the drill with its working edges cuts the material in layers, going deeper into the hole. This rule works when the material is relatively soft and pliable.

So to speak, if there is something to “cut”. Otherwise, the forces of the operator for the forward movement may not be sufficient. This is the main difference between a conventional drill and a percussion drill. An indisputable advantage is ease of use and the ability to perform work with high precision.

Shockless electric drill with speed switching function

The presence of a speed control adds versatility in terms of drilling various soft and low-melting materials.

Which power tool to give preference?

The question is rhetorical. There is no universal tool. precisely, there are such copies. but no more than to formally fill the consumer niche. The quality of work leaves much to be desired. Therefore, a smart choice: each type of work has its own tool.

If you are drilling holes in familiar materials such as metal, wood or plastic, your choice is an ordinary drill. The tool is compact, inexpensive, and not tiring to work with. Power (and, accordingly, size) is not difficult to choose.

If you need to occasionally punch brick walls, buy an impact drill. The power tool costs a little more, but gives a certain versatility. You turn on the “chiseling-drilling” mode only when necessary, the rest of the time you work with precision drills and pliable material.

At the same time, the compactness and low power consumption allow the use of the cordless version of the drill. A cordless drill is more like an electric screwdriver, but we’ll cover that in another article. For a large rock drill (even in the smallest version), the option with a battery is not available.

If you are starting repairs in the house, or building a garage, you cannot do without a puncher and this article will help you choose it. Especially if you need a classic jackhammer. In this case, you do not need to send a conventional or percussion drill to the closet. Compact and lightweight power tools are indispensable for fine finishing.